What State Is London In?


What State Is London In

In which state is London located?

Coordinates: 51°30′26″N 0°7′39″W
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Country England
Region London (Greater London)

What is my state if I live in London?

United Kingdom (GB) – State/Province Table

Code State/Province
JS Greater London
JT Greater Manchester
JU Gwent
JV Gwynedd

Is the City of London its own state?

Police & Firefighters – The police and fire companies here are under the jurisdiction of the City of London rather than Greater London, and there are a total of 3 police stations and one fire station. What State Is London In Due to the relatively small size of the precinct, this is technically the smallest police force in all of England.

What is the area of London?

Greater London London
Ceremonial county and region
The City of London ; City Hall in Newham, the headquarters of the Greater London Authority ; and Hampstead Heath
Greater London ceremonial county (red) City of London (red & white stripes) Greater London administrative area (London Region) (both)
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Constituent country England
Established 1 April 1965
Established by London Government Act 1963
Time zone UTC±00:00 ( Greenwich Mean Time )
• Summer ( DST ) UTC+01:00 ( British Summer Time )
Members of Parliament 73 MPs
  • City of London Police
  • Metropolitan Police
Ceremonial county
Lord Lieutenant Ken Olisa
High Sheriff Ina De
Area 1,569 km 2 (606 sq mi)
• Ranked 25th of 48
Population (2021) 8,899,375
• Ranked 1st of 48
Density 5,671/km 2 (14,690/sq mi)
  • 53.8% White (of which 36.8% White British )
  • 20.8% Asian
  • 13.5% Black
  • 5.7% mixed
  • 6.3% other
Government Greater London Authority • Mayor Sadiq Khan • London Assembly
Admin HQ City Hall, Newham
Area 1,572 km 2 (607 sq mi)
Population 8,796,628
Density 5,596/km 2 (14,490/sq mi)
GSS code E12000007
  • greaterlondonlieutenancy,com
  • london,gov,uk
Ceremonial counties of the London Region
  1. City of London
  2. Greater London
Districts of Greater London
Districts 33 districts

London is a region of England which contains the ceremonial counties of Greater London and the City of London, Greater London is bordered by Hertfordshire to the north, Essex to the north-east, Kent to the south-east, Surrey to the south, and Berkshire and Buckinghamshire to the west.

  1. It completely surrounds the City of London.
  2. The London region has an area of 1,572 km 2 (607 sq mi) and a population of 9,002,488.
  3. The county of Greater London is only slightly smaller, with an area of 1,569 km 2 (606 sq mi) and a population of 8,889,375; the City of London has an area of 2.9 km 2 (1.12 sq mi) and a population of 8,583.

The region is almost entirely urbanised and contains the majority of the Greater London Built-up area, which extends into Hertfordshire, Essex, Kent, Surrey, and Berkshire and has a population of 9,787,426. Greater London is governed by thirty-two London boroughs, and the City of London by a unique corporation,

  • The Greater London Authority is responsible for strategic local government across the region.
  • The region does not hold city status, but the districts of the City of London and City of Westminster do.
  • Greater London was historically part of Middlesex, Essex, Surrey, Kent and Hertfordshire.
  • The River Thames is the defining geographic feature of the region, entering it near Hampton in the west and flowing east before exiting downstream of Dagenham,

Several tributaries of the Thames flow through the region, but are now mostly culverted and form part of London’s sewerage system, The land immediately north and south of the river is flat, but rises to low hills further away, notably Hampstead Heath, Shooter’s Hill, and Sydenham Hill,

  • The region’s highest point is Westerham Heights (245 m (804 ft)), part of the North Downs,
  • In the north-east the region contains part of Epping Forest, an ancient woodland.
  • The City of London has had its own government since the Anglo-Saxon period.
  • The region’s contemporary local government history begins with the establishment of the administrative County of London in 1889, which covered the core of the urban area besides the City.

In 1965 the administrative county was abolished and replaced by Greater London, a two-tier county governed by Greater London Council and thirty-two London boroughs. The Greater London Council was abolished in 1986, and its responsibilities largely taken over by the boroughs.

What county is London in?

Greater London, metropolitan county of southeastern England that is also generally known as London. A brief treatment of the administrative entity follows. An in-depth discussion of the physical setting, history, character, and inhabitants of the city is in the article London,

  1. Descriptions of London from early editions of Encyclopædia Britannica and from the Book of the Year writings contemporaneous with World War II can be found in BTW: London Classics.
  2. The administrative structure of Greater London includes 33 separate boroughs, 14 of which constitute Inner London and the others Outer London.

The Inner London boroughs are Camden, Hackney, Hammersmith and Fulham, Haringey, Islington, Kensington and Chelsea, Lambeth, Lewisham, Newham, Southwark, Tower Hamlets, Wandsworth, the City of Westminster, and the City of London, The 19 boroughs of Outer London are Barking and Dagenham, Barnet, Bexley, Brent, Bromley, Croydon, Ealing, Enfield, Greenwich, Harrow, Havering, Hillingdon, Hounslow, Kingston upon Thames, Merton, Redbridge, Richmond upon Thames, Sutton, and Waltham Forest, What State Is London In Britannica Quiz Where in the British Isles? The present metropolitan county of Greater London constitutes nearly all of the historic county of Middlesex (which comprises the bulk of Greater London north of the River Thames ), parts of the historic counties of Kent, Essex, and Hertfordshire, and a large part of the historic county of Surrey,

Until 1889 the only part of London that had an administrative existence apart from the historic counties was the historic City of London, which was confined to the area of the medieval city. During the period 1889–1965, the County of London, carved from parts of the historic counties of Middlesex, Surrey, and Kent, administered an area that comprised present-day Inner London plus the outer boroughs of Newham and Haringey.

The 1889 boundaries had been adopted in response to the rapid development of suburban areas in the 19th century. By the mid-20th century, however, the suburban population of London had spread far beyond the boundaries of the County of London. In an attempt to address that shift, the present boroughs were established in 1965 by amalgamating several existing boroughs and districts, at the expense of the surrounding counties, to form the new metropolitan county of Greater London.

The present-day City of London covers an area of 1.1 square miles (2.9 square km) at the heart of Greater London and is a centre of world finance. Greater London forms the core of a larger metropolitan area (with a proportionately larger population) that extends as far as 45 miles (70 km) from the centre.

Area 607 square miles (1,572 square km). Pop. (1991) 6,679,699; (2001) 7,172,091; (2011) 8,173,941. An overview of selected statistics and cultural features of Greater London borough by borough is provided in the table. Get a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content. Subscribe Now

Greater London at a glance

borough area population (2001) key features
square miles square km
*Detail does not add to total given because of rounding. Conversions were made from hectares to square kilometres and square miles. In most cases square miles were rounded to the nearest tenth and square kilometres to the nearest whole number.
Source for statistics: Office of National Statistics, Census 2001.
City of London 1.1 3 7,185 St. Paul’s Cathedral ; Guildhall ; Museum of London ; Barbican ; Mansion House ; financial district (including the Royal Exchange and the Bank of England )
Camden 8.4 22 198,020 Bloomsbury district; British Museum ; British Library
Hackney 7.4 19 202,824 Geffrye Museum in Shoreditch
Hammersmith and Fulham 6.3 16 165,242 Wormwood Scrubs; Chelsea, Fulham, and Queens Park Rangers football (soccer) grounds
Haringey 11.4 30 216,507 Alexandra Palace; parks; River Lea
Islington 5.7 15 175,797 Sadler’s Wells Theatre; Finsbury Square
Kensington and Chelsea 4.7 12 158,919 Natural History, Victoria and Albert, Science, and National Army museums; Kensington Palace ; Royal Hospital
Lambeth 10.4 27 266,169 South Bank arts complex ; Lambeth Palace ; The Oval
Lewisham 13.6 35 248,922 Telegraph Hill; Deptford district
Newham 14.0 36 243,891 Royal Docks ; Stratford industrial area
Southwark 11.1 29 244,866 Globe Theatre ; Imperial War Museum
Tower Hamlets 7.6 20 196,106 Tower of London ; Docklands
Wandsworth 13.2 34 260,380 Battersea district; parklands
City of Westminster 8.3 21 181,286 British government offices at Whitehall ; Houses of Parliament ; Westminster Abbey ; Buckingham Palace ; Hyde Park ; Mayfair ; St. James ; Lord’s Cricket Ground ; theatres; hotels; renowned shopping districts
Inner London total 123* 319* 2,766,114
Barking and Dagenham 13.9 36 163,944 Becontree housing estate; Cross Keys Inn; manufacturing plants
Barnet 33.5 87 314,564 Welsh Harp; Royal Air Force Museum
Bexley 23.4 61 218,307 Hall Place; Cray valley industries
Brent 16.7 43 263,464 Wembley Stadium; industrial district
Bromley 58.0 150 295,532 Crystal Palace Park; Bromley Palace
Croydon 33.4 87 330,587 Royal School of Church Music; major shopping and cultural centres
Ealing 21.4 56 300,948 Acton; Southall; Bedford Park
Enfield 31.2 81 273,559 Forty Hall; Green Belt parklands
Greenwich 18.3 47 214,403 prime meridian ; National Maritime Museum ; Royal Observatory Greenwich ; Millennium Dome ; parklands
Harrow 19.5 50 206,814 Harrow School ; Church of St. Mary
Havering 43.3 112 224,248 Romford Market; Upminster
Hillingdon 44.7 116 243,006 Heathrow Airport; Green Belt parklands
Hounslow 21.6 56 212,341 Chiswick, Syon, and Osterly houses
Kingston upon Thames 14.4 37 147,273 Kingston Grammar School; Thames riverbank
Merton 14.5 38 187,908 Wimbledon ; Eagle House; George Inn
Redbridge 21.8 56 238,635 Epping and Hainault forests (in part); Valentines Park
Richmond upon Thames 22.2 57 172,335 Hampton Court ; Kew Gardens ; Ham House; National Physical Laboratory
Sutton 16.9 44 179,768 St. Nicholas Church; Whitehall; Carew Manor
Waltham Forest 15.0 39 218,341 River Lea ; Queen Elizabeth’s Hunting Lodge
Outer London total 484* 1,253* 4,405,977
Greater London total 607 1,572 7,172,091

What is London known as the city of?

What State Is London In London is famous for more than its magnificent ancient buildings, the Palace of Westminster, Trafalgar Square, Tower of London, London Eye, Art Galleries, and Big Ben, As the capital city of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, London is well known for influencing other cities of the world since the Middle Ages.

What are the states in UK?

The United Kingdom (UK) is made up of England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland. Enlarge image

What state or province is London?

A city and a region of England. It is the capital and largest city of both England and the United Kingdom. London is also a county, called Greater London (similar to Greater Manchester).

What is England state or city?

England is a country that is part of the United Kingdom. It borders Wales to its west and Scotland to its north. The country’s capital, London, is famous for its long and storied history as well as its many landmarks, including Buckingham Palace, the London Eye, and the Tower of London.

Is central London a state?

City of London, municipal corporation and borough, London, England, Sometimes called “the Square Mile,” it is one of the 33 boroughs that make up the large metropolis of Greater London, The borough lies on the north bank of the River Thames between the Temple Bar memorial pillar (commemorating the old Temple Bar gate) and the base of Tower Hill.

  1. The City Corporation is Britain’s oldest local government; it has the status of a county, with powers that exceed those of London’s 32 other boroughs, notably the control of its own police force.
  2. The City,” as it is known, is only a component, relatively small in area, of the larger urban area known as London.

Its area corresponds closely to that of the ancient city from which modern London has grown. The City belongs geographically to the historic county of Middlesex, but its special status and privileges gave it autonomy from that county for most of its history. What State Is London In More From Britannica London: The City Corporation Near the City’s centre stand the Bank of England, the Royal Exchange (now housing luxury shops and a restaurant), and much of the rest of London’s financial district (a number of financial institutions are also located at Canary Wharf).

  • Also in the City are the London Stock Exchange (at Paternoster Square), St.
  • Paul’s Cathedral, the Guildhall, Mansion House (the residence of the lord mayor), the Barbican arts complex and residential area, the main branch of the Museum of London, and the College of Arms,
  • West of St.
  • Paul’s is Fleet Street, once the hub of London’s newspaper establishment.

The Temple and the Royal Courts of Justice, constituting the heart of the legal profession, are on the boundary with Westminster, Within its area the City maintains small open spaces, but from the 1870s it has acquired green areas in other London boroughs and in Kent, Surrey, and Buckinghamshire for public use and for protection from development.

London’s Millennium Bridge (opened 2000; retrofitted and reopened 2002) links the City to the borough of Southwark ; it was the first new bridge to span the Thames for more than a century. Hundreds of thousands of workers and tens of thousands of other visitors commute daily to the City via highway, bus, the Underground (subway), or train stations at Blackfriars and at Liverpool, Fenchurch, and Cannon streets.

Because of migration to other areas of London and to the suburbs, the resident population of the Square Mile decreased markedly after 1851, when 127,869 persons were counted, to 26,923 in 1901 and 5,234 in 1951. Thereafter the population remained somewhat stable until the 1990s, when it began to grow.

Is London its own county?

What county is London in? London is located in the county of Greater London, an administrative area that includes 32 boroughs plus the City of London.

What is London zip code?

Have you been searching for London Zip Codes but can’t find them? That’s because the United Kingdom doesn’t use zip codes but instead uses postal codes, also known as postcodes. The postcodes in the UK incorporate letters and numbers used by the Royal Mail for its delivery system in the country.

  • In total, the UK uses 121 postcode areas and three postcodes for the Crown Dependencies of Jersey, Guernsey, and the Isle of Man.
  • In every postcode area, there is a postcode district, and within each postcode district, there are a number of postcode sectors.
  • Overall, there are 30 million postal addresses in the UK and 1.8 million postcodes.

The postcode areas and districts in Greater London comprise eight inner London postcode districts and 15 outer London postcode districts. The eight inner London postcode districts cover 241 square miles of England. In this article, I focus on the eight inner London postcode districts and areas: E, EC, N, NW, SE, SW, W, and WC.

What Are the Parts of a London Postcode What Is London Zip Code or Postcode List of London Postcode Areas How to Know Your Postcode in London

Further Reading for UK postcodes.

To learn more about Zip Code In The Uk, Check out our detailed guide to Uk Postcode, Want to learn how to write a postcode in the UK? Here is our guide to the UK postcode format, Download the UK Postcode Map in case you want to check the postcode in the UK offline. Here is a list of Area Postcodes UK if you want to check the area postcodes quickly.

Is Paris bigger than London?

Is London bigger than Paris? – London is considered to be the larger of the two cities. London covers approximately 1,572 square kilometres, while Paris covers around 105 square kilometres.

Is London a county or city?

Anyone coming to the UK capital may be confused to hear that the City of London and London are not the same thing. Essentially, there are two Londons: Greater London and the City of London, otherwise known as the City or the Square Mile. Here is everything you need to know about the difference between London and the City of London.

– Did you know you can now travel with Culture Trip? Book now and join one of our premium small-group tours to discover the world like never before. First let’s talk about the London everyone knows: Greater London, or London, as it’s more commonly known. It’s not only the capital city of the United Kingdom, it’s also a county that covers a total area of 607 square miles and incorporates 32 boroughs, as well as the City of London – we’ll come to that in a second.

Presiding over London and its eight and a half million strong population – including the City of London – is the Greater London Authority (GLA), which is based in City Hall and consists of the Greater London Assembly and the Mayor of London, currently Sadiq Khan.

Now that we’ve got that out of the way, let’s move on to the City of London. It has its origins in the fortified Roman settlement of Londinium, which was erected roughly two thousand years ago on the northern bank of the River Thames and came to encompass one square mile within its walls. It is for this reason that despite the City of London actually covering an area of two square miles, Londoners still affectionately refer to it as ‘the Square Mile’.

Marked with cast iron dragons in the street, the boundaries of the City of London stretch north from Temple and the Tower of London on the River Thames to Chancery Lane in the west and Liverpool Street in the east. While the City only has 10,000 residents, 400,000 daily commuters – who work in buildings like the Gherkin, the Cheesegrater and the Walkie-Talkie – and 10 million annual tourists help to keep the Square Mile alive and thriving.

Although it falls under the jurisdiction of Greater London and the GLA, the City of London has a special status: it has its own government, its own mayor and its own independent police force. The City of London Corporation operates from the Guildhall and is composed of the Lord Mayor of London, the Court of Aldermen and the Court of Common Council.

While the Lord Mayor of London may have a fancier title – and outfit – the Mayor of London wields significantly more political power. One of the main functions of the City of London, is representing the interests of Britain’s financial services. The City is home to the Bank of England and has traditionally been considered the financial heart of the UK.

  • However, it has lost its place as the biggest employer of bankers in Europe to East London’s Canary Wharf in recent years.
  • Despite Brexit and the threat it poses to the capital’s financial preeminence, the financial crown of Europe still rests dubiously on London’s head.
  • Intrigued by the capital? Find out how the Great Fire of London destroyed two-thirds of the capital back in 1666 or discover why London buses are red,

Looking for travel inspiration for your next getaway? Browse our collections of Epic Trips, Mini Trips and Sailing Trips to explore the world with the help of our Local Insiders.

What’s the richest area in London?

1. Mayfair – What State Is London In Mayfair, often regarded as the richest part of London, is an unrivalled place to live in the city. This affluent neighbourhood in the prestigious West End epitomizes opulence, making it the top choice for those seeking the epitome of luxury living. With its exclusive properties and affluent residents, Mayfair stands out as one of the most desirable places to live in London.

  • The high-end residential offerings, including grand Georgian townhouses and luxurious penthouses, cater to the discerning tastes of the city’s elite.
  • The area is known for its thriving cultural scene, with an abundance of high-fashion boutiques, Michelin-starred restaurants, and prestigious members’ clubs.

Furthermore, its close proximity to iconic landmarks like Hyde Park and Buckingham Palace enhances the appeal of Mayfair as the ultimate place to live for those seeking an unparalleled lifestyle. Experience the pinnacle of luxury living in Mayfair, the richest neighbourhood and the most coveted place to live in London.

What county do I put if I live in London?

London is in the ceremonial county of Greater London – which is an administrative region made up of the City of London and the 32 London boroughs.

What are the 2 cities in London?

You are here: Home / Culture / A Tale of Two Cities – The City of London and Greater London – Why There Are Two Londons What State Is London In Most people would think of London as one great big city, but there are really two cities within London: the City of London and Greater London. The City of London in many ways is the “original” London. When the Romans came in 43 A.D., they created the settlement of Londinium and built walls for protection.

  • The London Wall essentially formed the edges of the city.
  • In fact, the City of London itself does not extend much beyond the Wall and certainly not below the Thames.
  • Following his domination of London, William the Conqueror built what is perhaps London’s first landmark, The Tower of London.
  • At the time, its multiple-stories were designed to remind Londoners who was in charge.

Perhaps the most influential moment of in the City of London’s history was the Great Fire of 1666, which raged for days and destroyed about 60% of the city, including Old St. Paul’s Cathedral. As the city was rebuilt, Sir Christopher Wren rebuilt St. Paul’s and many other churches within the city.

  • As the population of London grew, the original City of London couldn’t hold everyone and began to expand outward.
  • Many cities existed outside of London began to be absorbed into the growing metropolis while maintaining their own administration.
  • The cities finding themselves part of the new London included the City of Westminster, Shoreditch, Greenwich, Bethnal Green, Islington, Fulham, Chelsea, Hammersmith, Paddington, Kensington, and more.

By 1889, the administrative district of the County of London was formed and only eleven years, later, the county was divided into the City of London and 28 metropolitan boroughs. By 1965, the County of London and the County of Middlesex were abolished and combined into what is now known as Greater London.

In essence, what was the County of London essentially became ceremonial and Greater London became a city in its own right. Well before this point, however, the administration of both cities was kept separate. Perhaps the first real distinction between them was with the creation of the Metropolitan Police in 1829.

Created by Sir Robert Peel, the Metropolitan Police was created to police the area beyond the City of London. Even today, the police service for the City of London and Greater London are separate. As part of this, while the head of the Metropolitan Police carries the rank of Commissioner, the only other person in England with that title is the Commissioner of the City of London Police Service.

  1. The cities are run by two separate administrative firms.
  2. The City of London is governed by the City of London Corporation, while Greater London is governed by the Greater London Authority.
  3. They both have separate mayors and governing bodies.
  4. Presently, the Lord Mayor of the City of London is Fiona Woolf, while Boris Johnson holds the title of Mayor of London, the “Lord” title dropped to distinguish the two positions.

Each borough within Greater London maintains its own borough council, the GLA was created to coordinate the local authorities and the Mayor of London was created to give the city one person to represent it. With the creation of the GLA in 2000, the Lord Mayor title became largely ceremonial and the Mayor of London is the most powerful city official in the region.

  1. Despite being only one square mile, the City of London is governed by the Court of Aldermen (consisting of 25 Aldermen elected for a period of six years) and the Court of Common Council (consisting of 100 Common Councilmen elected among the city’s wards).
  2. Meanwhile, the Greater London Authority has the Greater London Council with 25 elected assembly members.

While the Mayor, Boris Johnson, belongs to the Conservative Party, the Labour Party controls the Assembly with 12 members. The rest of the Assembly includes 9 Conservatives, 2 members of the Liberal-Democrats, and 2 members of the Green Party. City services are also divided, with the GLA solely responsible for passenger transport and fire response.

The GLA and the CLC both handle housing, strategic planning, transport planning, and highways. The City of London and other boroughs’ councils are responsible for all other city services. The GLA coordinates land use planning throughout Greater London and it’s the responsibility of the Mayor of London to produce the strategic plan, dubbed “The London Plan” to which the boroughs (including the City of London) must comply.

Additionally, the London Sustainable Development Commission exists to craft the city’s energy policy and reduce emissions. In the end, London is more than just one city. The story of London is one of two cities of the same name—and many other cities as well. What State Is London In John is a regular writer for Anglotopia and its sister websites. He is currently engaged in finding a way to move books slightly to the left without the embarrassment of being walked in on by Eddie Izzard. For any comments, questions, or complaints, please contact the Lord Mayor of London, Boris Johnson’s haircut.

What is a county in UK?

United Kingdom – In the United Kingdom the county, or shire, has historically been the principal subdivision of the country for political, administrative, judicial, and cultural purposes. Each of the constituent countries of the United Kingdom— England, Northern Ireland, Scotland, and Wales —is divided into a number of historic counties, What State Is London In More From Britannica United Kingdom: The county communities Before the Norman Conquest (1066), the chief unit of local government in England was the shire, which had originated in the Anglo-Saxon kingdoms of the early Middle Ages. Each shire was ruled by an ealdorman (alderman), but after the 11th century his functions were taken over by the shire-reeve, or sheriff, who was appointed by the king.

  • By the 14th century a county court, composed of several justices of the peace, or magistrates, had developed to help the sheriff administer the county.
  • Over the centuries these crown-appointed magistrates gradually became the primary administrators of counties.
  • Each county also became the constituency for the elections of knights of the shire, or county members of Parliament.

This system of county government, with centrally appointed justices of the peace holding legislative, judicial, and executive powers, became inadequate in the 19th century as the suffrage was extended, government services expanded, and industrial cities continued to grow.

  1. To remedy this undemocratic system, the Local Government Act of 1888 established county councils, with members elected by local residents, to take over the legislative and executive duties of the magistrates.
  2. The act also created new administrative counties, which sometimes had different boundaries than the historic counties after which they were usually named, and created about 60 county boroughs, cities that were given county powers to better provide local government services.

A number of administrative reorganizations took place during the 1960s and ’70s, beginning with the creation in 1965 of the metropolitan county of Greater London, which combined all or parts of several earlier administrative counties. The Local Government Act of 1972 again reorganized the system of administrative counties in England and Wales; 47 new administrative counties contained all urban as well as rural areas within their boundaries, and each administrative county was subdivided into several districts, which numbered almost 300 in all.

  • These changes took effect in 1974.
  • Meanwhile, in Northern Ireland an administrative reorganization in 1973 replaced that country’s six administrative counties and two county boroughs with 26 single-tier, or “unitary,” administrative districts.
  • These administrative districts are called unitary because they have only a single layer of government, unlike administrative counties, which are further subdivided into districts.

After 1974 in England and Wales, administrative counties provided police and fire services, education, social welfare services, public transport, traffic regulation, consumer protection, libraries, and some highways and parks. The county council was the general governing board of the administrative county; it was a large body, with 50 to 100 popularly elected members, and much of its basic administrative work was delegated to committees.

  1. In 1975 the 34 administrative counties of Scotland were replaced by nine administrative regions, each subdivided into a number of districts.
  2. A further series of administrative reorganizations took place in the United Kingdom during the 1980s and ’90s.
  3. In 1986 Greater London and six other metropolitan counties lost their administrative functions, which passed to their constituent boroughs.

These boroughs became, in effect, unitary districts like those in Northern Ireland. In 2000, however, the metropolitan county of Greater London regained some of its administrative powers. In 1996 the eight administrative counties of Wales were replaced by 22 new unitary counties and unitary county boroughs.

  • Likewise, in 1996 the nine administrative regions of Scotland were replaced by 32 new unitary local government areas.
  • In England between 1995 and 1998, 46 new unitary authorities were carved out of preexisting administrative counties.
  • Most of these encompass urban centres, while most English administrative counties now cover slightly smaller and more rural areas.

However, five of the former administrative counties of England were abolished completely and replaced by one or more unitary authorities. In 2009, nine new unitary authorities were established, bringing the total to 56—including the Isles of Scilly, which has a special status. Get a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content. Subscribe Now

Is London a city or a town?

London, United Kingdom London is the capital city of England and the United Kingdom. It is the most populous city in the United Kingdom, with a metropolitan area of over 13 million inhabitants. Standing on the River Thames, London has been a major settlement for two millennia, its history going back to its founding by the Romans, who named it Londinium.

London’s ancient core, the City of London, largely retains its 2.9 km 2 mediaeval boundaries and in 2011 had a resident population of 7,375; making it the smallest city in England. Since at least the 19th century, the term London has also referred to the metropolis developed around this core. The bulk of this conurbation forms the Greater London administrative area (coterminous with the London region), governed by the Mayor of London and the London Assembly.

London is a leading global city, with strengths in the arts, commerce, education, entertainment, fashion, finance, healthcare, media, professional services, research and development, tourism, and transport. It is one of the world’s leading financial centres and has the fifth-or sixth-largest metropolitan area GDP in the world depending on measurement.

London is a world cultural capital. It is the world’s most-visited city as measured by international arrivals and has the world’s largest city airport system measured by passenger traffic. London’s 43 universities form the largest concentration of higher education institutes in Europe. In 2012, London became the first city to host the modern Summer Olympic Games three times.

London has a diverse range of peoples and cultures, and more than 300 languages are spoken within Greater London. The region had an official population of 8,416,535 in 2013, the largest of any municipality in the European Union, and accounting for 12.5% of the UK population.

  • London’s urban area is the second most populous in the EU, after Paris, with 9,787,426 inhabitants according to the 2011 census.
  • The city’s metropolitan area is the third most populous in Europe after Moscow and Istanbul, with 13,614,409 inhabitants, while the Greater London Authority puts the population of London metropolitan region at 21 million.

London was the world’s most populous city from around 1831 to 1925. London contains four World Heritage Sites: the Tower of London; Kew Gardens; the site comprising the Palace of Westminster, Westminster Abbey, and St Margaret’s Church; and the historic settlement of Greenwich (in which the Royal Observatory, Greenwich marks the Prime Meridian, 0° longitude, and GMT).

  • Other famous landmarks include Buckingham Palace, the London Eye, Piccadilly Circus, St Paul’s Cathedral, Tower Bridge, Trafalgar Square, and The Shard.
  • London is home to numerous museums, galleries, libraries, sporting events and other cultural institutions, including the British Museum, National Gallery, Tate Modern, British Library and 40 West End theatres.

The London Underground is the oldest underground railway network in the world. More information is available on Wikipedia



Overlay image (Before and After)

Today we feature the city of London, capital of the United Kingdom. It is situated in south-eastern England at the head of the River Thames estuary. Settled by the Romans as an important shipping point for crops and minerals, it gradually developed into the wealthy capital of a thriving industrial and agricultural nation.

London straddles the River Thames, 80 km upriver from its mouth at the Nore, where the English Channel joins the North Sea. Most of London, including its central districts and the majority of its famous landmarks, lies to the north of the river. The original settlement that gave London its name was the Roman fort of Londinium, founded in the first century AD.

The City of London is on the site where this stood, and the description of the Roman town as “a busy emporium for trade and traders” by the Roman historian Tacitus seems equally apt today. St Paul’s Cathedral stands on the western edge of the City, and the Tower of London, the Norman fortress built by William the Conqueror to defend his new lands late in the 11th century (listed by UNESCO as a World Heritage Site), lies to the south-east.

It is the current repository of the Crown Jewels. Spanning the river to Southwark (west of Tower Bridge) is London Bridge, a modern replacement of the only bridge over the Thames in London until the 18th century. To the east and north-east of the City are the predominantly working-class districts of the East End, home to successive waves of immigrants from Ireland, continental Europe, and the former British Empire.

Lively and industrious, the East End continues to have many thriving small businesses. The area known as the Docklands comprises (on the north bank of the Thames) the districts of Wapping and Poplar, the Isle of Dogs, the Royal Docks, and (to the south of the Thames) Surrey Docks.

  • Docklands is the site of a massive inner city regeneration project.
  • West of the City lie the ancient Inns of Court (Lincoln’s Inn, Middle Temple, Inner Temple, and Gray’s Inn), the legal district occupied by barristers and firms of solicitors; and Fleet Street, once the home of Britain’s national press (which has now relocated to other parts of the capital).

Further to the north-west is Bloomsbury, the haunt in the 1920s of a renowned group of literary intellectuals (the Bloomsbury Group), thanks to its proximity to London University and the British Museum. These images acquired by the Landsat 5 and 8 satellites have a time window of acquisition (before / after) of 29 years and aim to show the urban difference from 1985 until 2013.

Why London is so beautiful?

Iconic Landmarks – London is home to a veritable plethora of landmarks. Some signature sights are Big Ben, Buckingham Palace, Madame Tussauds, and Westminster Abbey, for example. There are also a number of modern attractions in London, such as the London Eye, The Tate Modern, and the multi-purpose London Stadium.

Why is London so popular?

London is one of the world’s most cosmopolitan cities. It is the largest metropolis in the United Kingdom, and it is also the country’s economic, transportation, and cultural centre. In addition to its history, art, and politics, London is a popular tourist destination for its wide variety of museums, shops, restaurants, and sports teams.

Why is London located where it is?

Roman London (47–410 AD) – A Carausius coin from Londinium mint A medal of Constantius I capturing London (inscribed as lon ) in 296 after defeating Allectus, Beaurains hoard. Londinium was established as a civilian town by the Romans about four years after the invasion of 43 AD, London, like Rome, was founded on the point of the river where it was narrow enough to bridge and the strategic location of the city provided easy access to much of Europe.

  • Early Roman London occupied a relatively small area, roughly equivalent to the size of Hyde Park,
  • In around 60 AD, it was destroyed by the Iceni led by their queen Boudica,
  • The city was quickly rebuilt as a planned Roman town and recovered after perhaps 10 years; the city grew rapidly over the following decades.

During the 2nd century Londinium was at its height and replaced Colchester as the capital of Roman Britain (Britannia). Its population was around 60,000 inhabitants. It boasted major public buildings, including the largest basilica north of the Alps, temples, bath houses, an amphitheatre and a large fort for the city garrison.

Political instability and recession from the 3rd century onwards led to a slow decline. At some time between 180 AD and 225 AD, the Romans built the defensive London Wall around the landward side of the city. The wall was about 3 kilometres (1.9 mi) long, 6 metres (20 ft) high, and 2.5 metres (8.2 ft) thick.

The wall would survive for another 1,600 years and define the City of London ‘s perimeters for centuries to come. The perimeters of the present City are roughly defined by the line of the ancient wall. Londinium was an ethnically diverse city with inhabitants from across the Roman Empire, including natives of Britannia, continental Europe, the Middle East, and North Africa,

In the late 3rd century, Londinium was raided on several occasions by Saxon pirates. This led, from around 255 onwards, to the construction of an additional riverside wall. Six of the traditional seven city gates of London are of Roman origin, namely: Ludgate, Newgate, Aldersgate, Cripplegate, Bishopsgate and Aldgate ( Moorgate is the exception, being of medieval origin).

Is Life in London ACTUALLY good? 🧐 | Talking to Expats & Locals about Life in London

By the 5th century, the Roman Empire was in rapid decline and in 410 AD, the Roman occupation of Britannia came to an end. Following this, the Roman city also went into rapid decline and by the end of the 5th century was practically abandoned.

What is London zip code?

Have you been searching for London Zip Codes but can’t find them? That’s because the United Kingdom doesn’t use zip codes but instead uses postal codes, also known as postcodes. The postcodes in the UK incorporate letters and numbers used by the Royal Mail for its delivery system in the country.

  • In total, the UK uses 121 postcode areas and three postcodes for the Crown Dependencies of Jersey, Guernsey, and the Isle of Man.
  • In every postcode area, there is a postcode district, and within each postcode district, there are a number of postcode sectors.
  • Overall, there are 30 million postal addresses in the UK and 1.8 million postcodes.

The postcode areas and districts in Greater London comprise eight inner London postcode districts and 15 outer London postcode districts. The eight inner London postcode districts cover 241 square miles of England. In this article, I focus on the eight inner London postcode districts and areas: E, EC, N, NW, SE, SW, W, and WC.

What Are the Parts of a London Postcode What Is London Zip Code or Postcode List of London Postcode Areas How to Know Your Postcode in London

Further Reading for UK postcodes.

To learn more about Zip Code In The Uk, Check out our detailed guide to Uk Postcode, Want to learn how to write a postcode in the UK? Here is our guide to the UK postcode format, Download the UK Postcode Map in case you want to check the postcode in the UK offline. Here is a list of Area Postcodes UK if you want to check the area postcodes quickly.