What Is The Hard Shoulder?


What is meant by the hard shoulder?

Why are there hard shoulders on motorways? – The hard shoulder is a place to stop your car away from the flow of traffic if you’ve broken down or have an emergency and need to stop your vehicle immediately. It also functions as an emergency lane, in which emergency vehicles can bypass traffic to get to the scene of an accident.

What is the hard shoulder in Europe?

A shoulder, hard shoulder (British) or breakdown lane is an emergency stopping lane by the verge of a road or motorway, on the right side in countries which drive on the right, and on the left side in countries which drive on the left.

Can you take a nap on the hard shoulder?

If you’ve recently passed your driving test, it’s probable that you’ve already experienced motorway driving. However, you may still have many questions, so we’ve created a guide to driving on the motorway for new drivers here. – In order to drive on a UK motorway, you should hold a full driving licence for the specific class of vehicle you are driving.

  • It’s extremely important that you know all the rules and have a full understanding of the road and traffic signs associated with the motorway system so you safely tackle motorway driving.
  • Motorway driving can be daunting for some people, especially if it’s your first time after you’ve just passed your driving test.

To make life a little easier for you, we have written a range of detailed guides that should ease the stress of driving on the motorway. Just use the search function on our website and you’ll be taken to a full list of informative blogs. It is especially important that you are fit to drive on the motorway.

  • You must never drive if you are tired or ill, and there are many medicines and drugs that might make you sleepy, so read the instructions on the packet or speak to your pharmacist or doctor before driving.
  • There are many restrictions on the motorway, like no parking.
  • So if you need to rest, you can pull up onto a service area, where you will no doubt find various facilities, such as restaurants, toilets, supplies, fuel, and sometimes hotels.

Note: It is an offence to park on the hard shoulder or an exit or slip road unless it is an emergency. Do not pull over to the hard shoulder for a ‘nap’. It won’t go unnoticed by the police who have cameras all along the motorways, and they will pay you a visit. What Is The Hard Shoulder Long journeys can be monotonous and the situation can lead to you feeling sleepy. To prevent feeling drowsy, keep your car well ventilated, open a window, switch on the air conditioning, then find a service area and pull over; buy a coffee, wash your face, walk around a little, or simply take a short nap.

What is the meaning of hard shoulder in America?

/ˌhɑːd ˈʃəʊl.dər/ us. /ˌhɑːrd ˈʃoʊl.dɚ/ (US also shoulder); (Irish English hard margin) Add to word list Add to word list. a hard area at the side of a main road where a driver can stop if there is a serious problem.

Why can’t you use the hard shoulder?

You may not be aware but, using the hard shoulder when it is not open to traffic means you are taking a risk and could cause a collision. You should only use the hard shoulder if you have an emergency breakdown and are unable to drive off the motorway at the next junction. A red X closes a lane of the motorway.

What does hard shoulder mean in UK?

What is a hard shoulder? – A hard shoulder is an emergency lane that runs along the left-hand side of a motorway carriageway. The division between the hard shoulder and the rest of the motorway is indicated by a solid white line. The standard width for a hard shoulder in the UK is 3.3 metres.

What is a soft shoulder?

On a busy road, the soft shoulder is an unpaved area at the side of the road where vehicles are allowed to stop in an emergency.

Why is it called a soft shoulder?

Truck Accidents Caused by Soft Road Shoulders You may have seen signs warning of a “soft shoulder” and not given it much thought. A soft shoulder is when the side of the road is a different material than the roadway itself, such as compacted dirt, gravel, or other materials.

By contrast, interstates and other major highways tend to have shoulders that are either concrete or asphalt. Soft shoulders are more prevalent on rural roads and highways where the pavement does not extend much further than the white line. The issue is that soft shoulders can present numerous potential hazards, particularly for large trucks such as tractor-trailers.

If you have been injured in a truck accident due to a soft shoulder, an can help you understand your rights and your options.

Does Germany have hard shoulders?

Current density – Autobahn 9 near Munich with 8 lanes As of 2021, Germany’s autobahn network has a total length of about 13,192 kilometres (8,197 mi). From 2009 Germany has embarked on a massive widening and rehabilitation project, expanding the lane count of many of its major arterial routes, such as the A 5 in the southwest and A 8 going east–west.

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Is it illegal to sleep in my car UK?

When is it legal to sleep in your car? – You can sleep in your car if you: – Are not under the influence of drink or drugs – Are legally parked in a safe location that does not cause a hazard for other road users So if you’re on a motorway and pull into a service station or a legal rest area, you can sleep in your car.

Likewise, parking on a street or car park and sleeping is legal however you need to be aware of any restrictions. For example, most service stations will fine you if you park for longer than two hours. Similarly car parks can close their gates, so make sure you’re not going to get locked in. It’s also important to stay safe when you’re sleeping in your car.

Make sure your doors are locked and you’re in a safe area. Related: Convicted driver car insurance

Is it legal to sleep in your van UK?

CAN YOU SLEEP IN YOUR MOTORHOME OR CAMPERVAN ON THE STREET IN THE UK? – Despite there being no specific laws that prohibit you sleeping in your home on wheels on a road in the UK, it generally isn’t allowed. Local authorities tend to own roads and highways, and they each have their own set of regulations.

  • The same goes for public car parks.
  • Although you may be able to pay and park in a space, they tend not to allow camping, sleeping, and cooking.
  • Some car parks even prohibit larger vehicles altogether.
  • If you find yourself in a difficult situation and really need to stop somewhere just for one evening, try to find a truck stop that allows you to park overnight.

The laws surrounding layby parking overnight vary across the UK. There’s no specific legislation that stops you sleeping in these spots overnight. However, if the local authority forbids it, the police may come and move you on. Check your campervan insurance cost and details to see whether you’re covered in case of damage in these zones.

Which shoulder is better to sleep on?

Best Sleeping Positions For Shoulder Pain – shoulder clinic Hyderabad Have you ever been tossing and turning in your sleep because of the nagging pain in your shoulder? You might be busy all day long, but when you go to sleep, you feel the pain or sickness? This is because your brain does a million other tasks throughout the day without observing the problem in your shoulders.

When you rest in bed, your mind becomes more aware of your body and is fixated on the dull or throbbing pain. Also, because you are now in a reclined position, the weight of gravity will be pulled differently on your shoulders, creating tension. The goal is to keep your body fit so you can sleep soundly at night.

When it comes to muscle, joint and bone pain, sleep can play an important role. If you have trouble sleeping due to pain, consider some other sleeping positions, which are pain-free. This article provided by gives information about the best sleeping positions for, You may be tempted to sleep on the front side, thinking that you will avoid putting pressure on your sore shoulder. Unfortunately, when you sleep in the front, your shoulders are pulled forward and are unstable. Instead, sleep on your back as this will keep your shoulders in a good and stable position.

Try to sleep on the opposite side of the paining shoulder: If sleeping on your back doesn’t work, try sleeping on the opposite side of your damaged shoulder. In this position, use a pillow to help relieve your sore shoulder pain. Place a pillow on the back of ​​your sore shoulder or elbow. This sleeping position is meant to relieve the affected shoulder temporarily.

By sleeping on the other side, you allow the “injured” shoulder to recover from minor injuries of the muscles and tendons. Once your sore shoulder has healed, stop sleeping on sideways. This can cause further injury to your shoulders as you are putting all the pressure on these two, You will need a pillow under your head to keep your body even. This will help your shoulders be as comfortable as possible. Consider placing a small towel rolled up under the neck area for extra support. Sleep with your hands on your side – Supine position: If you sleep with your hands on your side or supine, lie on your back horizontally.

The supine position, also known as the warrior sleeping position, allows the optimal neck and spinal alignment, reduce muscle tension, and usually lets the body relax and release stress and tension. Sleep with your hands under or beside the pillow – Prone position: Studies show that people who experience shoulder pain due to wrong sleeping positions should sleep on their backs. More precisely, hands should be placed carefully beside the pillow This will avoid stretching your arm and shoulder muscles and will allow you to keep your arms in a neutral position while your elbows are bent at 90 degrees.

Shoulders should not be stretched excessively. If you experience pain and tension in your shoulders or weakness and tingling in your hands in this sleeping position, be sure to choose one of the sleeping positions listed above. Don’t be afraid to try different sleeping tips and positions: If a specific sleeping position has worked for you for a while, but it no longer, consider trying something else.

Use the other tips above as a good starting point. It is proven that sleeping in a stable position can cause shoulder pain all the time. The persistent sleeping position can cause compression and cramping in some regions of the body, causing an imbalance in a posture that can cause pain over time. Of course, once you’ve found a good sleeping position for your sore shoulder, you don’t have to change it.

Try new options if your preferred sleeping position no longer suits you. Here are some tips on how to sleep comfortably:

Use two pillows with the top of the pillow slightly at the back of the bottom cushion. Try lying in a recline position or on your back. Let the bottom pillow support your shoulders, and the top pillow support your neck. Hold the pillow as this will bring your upper shoulders into an open position. Place the pillow up high under your arms. Use a pillow between your legs when you are on the side and between your thighs when you are on your back. It will help reduce pressure on your entire spine. The first time you lie down, do deep, gentle breathing to calm your body and increase oxygen flow to your muscles by helping them relax.

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Other best sleeping tips with shoulder pain: If you have shoulder pain, it is essential not only to change your sleeping position but also to adjust the environment in which you sleep. Here’s how to do it.

Use a body pillow: Using a body pillow will help you stay stable at night without rolling over the cut and injuring yourself, or rolling on the side where shoulder pain usually originates. Try buying a full-size body pillow, or use several smaller pillows and place them between or under your knees, under your arms, and around your back for extra support. Invest in a Good Pillow: By investing in the right pillow, your head and neck are always in line with your spine. There is no added strain on the neck, so you reduce the chance of shoulder pain. Such a pillow will reduce pressure on the shoulders and will relax throughout the night. For example, if your pillow doesn’t cover your entire neck area, you can place a small towel rolled up under your neck. Buy a mattress that fits well: A right mattress can help you relieve shoulder pain and prevent future shoulder pain. A mattress that fits appropriately should be soft enough to support and soften the aching joints in your body, including your shoulders. Also, it must be strong enough to prevent further damage to the spine, shoulders, neck, waist, and knees. A mattress that is too hard can put more pressure on your joints than it should, and a bed that is too soft will injure your back and spine by not providing the necessary support.

Conclusion: Shoulder pain is a fairly complex condition; not only does this reduce your freedom of movement, but it also affects the quality of your sleep. Hopefully, the sleeping positions recommended in this article are helpful. If you still experience shoulder pain after changing sleeping positions, you should see your doctor for further discussion and advice.

What does no hard shoulder mean in the UK?

Answers · 1. Morpheus. Hard shoulder ( in US : shoulder) is the area at the side of the road where you are allowed to stop if you have a problem (for example your car breaks down). The sign says that this road doesn’t have a shoulder and you can’t stop at the side. September 1, 2010.

How long is a hard shoulder?

Starting with the very basics, the hard shoulder is the narrow lane (usually 3.3m in width ) that runs along the far left side of most UK motorways.

Why is the shoulder so complicated?

Introduction – The shoulder is structurally and functionally complex as it is one of the most freely moveable areas in the human body due to the articulation at the glenohumeral joint. It contains the shoulder girdle, which connects the upper limb to the axial skeleton via the sternoclavicular joint.

Are hard shoulders safe?

Road Safety » » Stopping on the Hard Shoulder It is dangerous to stop on a hard shoulder except in an emergency. If an emergency forces you to stop on a motorway, then following the personal safety tips below may help you to stay safe:

Pull onto the hard shoulder and park as far left as possible; near an emergency roadside telephone if you can. Turn on your vehicles hazard warning lights and in poor visibility turn on the side lights as well.Leave your vehicle immediately via the left hand door, making sure that any passengers do the same. You should leave any animals in the vehicle, or keep them under proper control on the verge.Contact Highways England via the emergency roadside telephone if one is located nearby. Always use these in preference to a mobile phone, as your location will be pinpointed on the operator’s screen so it will be easier to find you. On the motorways, you will see these spaced at approximately one mile intervals, with roadside markers displaying an arrow pointing you in the direction of the nearest phone.However, if you do have a mobile phone, and there is a good signal, then it may be safer for you to use this to call for assistance rather than walking a significant way along the hard shoulder in order to reach an emergency roadside telephone.Wait well away from the carriageway and hard shoulder for help to arrive. You should never attempt even the simplest of repairs on the hard shoulder.Should you feel at risk from another person, return to your vehicle and enter via the left hand door, fasten your seatbelt and lock all the doors. Leave your vehicle again as soon as you feel the risk has passed.

If you have a disability which prevents you from following the above advice, the Highway Code advises that you should stay in the vehicle, switch on your hazard warning lights and display a “help” pennant. If you have a mobile phone you should dial 999 and advise the emergency services of your location. If you cannot get your vehicle onto the hard shoulder the Highway Code advises that you:

Do not attempt to place any warning device on the carriageway.Switch on your hazard warning lights.Leave your vehicle only when you can safely get clear of the carriageway.

: Road Safety

What happens if you break down with no hard shoulder?

Help! I’ve broken down on the motorway – what do I do?! – Moto Motorway Services There’s never a good time for your car to grind to a shuddering halt, but breaking down on a motorway can be particularly nerve-racking, especially if you’re travelling with your family.

  1. Nowing what to do if you break down on the motorway and following a few simple safety guidelines can help to avoid panic and keep you all out of harm’s way.
  2. If you suspect your car may be about to give up the ghost mid-journey, your best course of action is to get off the motorway – at the nearest service station or junction – but this isn’t always possible.
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If your car is on the brink of a total meltdown, pull onto the hard shoulder. Don’t forget to indicate. Ensure your wheels are turned left, so there’s no danger of your car rolling into traffic, and put on the hazard lights. Use sidelights as well if it’s dark.

If it’s foggy, put the fog lights on. So far, so good, but the hard shoulder can be a dangerous place, so you don’t want to hang around. Get yourself and your family out of the car via the passenger side as quickly as you can, and move behind the safety barrier. If you’re travelling with a pet, leave it in the car so it can’t get loose on the motorway.

If you can’t get onto the hard shoulder before your car comes to a halt, and it’s not safe to exit your vehicle, the Highway Code says you should:

Stay in the car with your seatbelt on. Turn on your hazard warning lights to alert drivers behind you. Call emergency services (999) for assistance.

What is the origin of the hard shoulder?

Hard shoulder

Hard shoulder
The hard shoulder of the M65.
Pictures related to Hard shoulder

The Hard Shoulder (also referred to as a Hardshoulder in official documents) is the reserved strip of roadway on many high speed roads for emergency vehicles, breakdowns, and exceptional circumstances such as running lanes during roadworks. It is an offence to stop on a motorway hard shoulder except in an emergency or instructed to do so by the Police or a,

The origin of the term comes from the very first motorways which had a gravel soft shoulder, These were found to be inadequate when heavy goods vehicles stopped on them and were later strengthened, thus becoming hard shoulders, though their construction was still weaker than that of the adjacent carriageway.

The name has stuck ever since, although other countries simply use the term shoulder or breakdown lane, During the 1980s, when first generation motorways were undergoing major maintenance, hard shoulders were strengthened to a similar construction to the adjoining carriageway to enable them to be used as temporary running lanes in roadworks situations.

  1. On new roads, the hard shoulder construction was a continuation of the main carriageway construction from this time.
  2. The standard width of a hard shoulder is 3.3 metres (approx 11 feet), but there can be numerous exceptions where conditions dictate.
  3. There should always be a solid white line demarcating the hard shoulder and this should be bounded by a line of red studs.

Standard practice is to use a ribbed texture paint for safety purposes – this alerts drivers that they are straddling the marking and leaving the running lanes. These markings are sometimes known as a vibraline or rumble strip and were officially approved for use on motorways in 1987.

On earlier motorways, the hard shoulder was paved with a contrasting surface to the running lanes to provide a visual warning that it was not for driving on. This practice has largely ended, but can still be seen in Northern Ireland. In 2006 the first was created, at the time this was called and repurposed the Hard shoulder as a running lane.

At first most of these would be a ‘Dynamic Hard Shoulders’, where it would be used for running traffic during peak hours but from 2014 onwards all upgrades have been ‘All-lanes running’, where by the hardounder is turned into a running lane, however using the overhead gantry any lane can be closed in the event of a incident.

What is the hard shoulder in France?

Hard shoulder – The hard shoulder to the right of the right-most traffic lane is out of bounds to traffic except in genuine emergencies, If you have to stop on the hard shoulder, all occupants should leave the vehicle from the right-hand side and get to safety behind the safety barrier.

What does a hard shoulder mean in Ireland?

3. Single broken yellow line along the left-hand side of the road – What Is The Hard Shoulder If you see a single broken yellow line along the left-hand side of the road, this indicates a ‘hard shoulder’. It should only be used in the case of a breakdown or emergency, or if you are driving a slow moving vehicle, to allow faster traffic to overtake you if it’s safe to do so. Be aware that this isn’t an additional traffic lane.

Why is it called the shoulder of the road?

The term ‘shoulder’ refers to the graded or surfaced area of the roadway, on the side of and adjacent to the pavement, which gives lateral support to the road surface and can be used by traffic in an emergency.

What is meant by a soft shoulder?

Countable noun On a busy road, the soft shoulder is an unpaved area at the side of the road where vehicles are allowed to stop in an emergency.

Why is it called a soft shoulder?

Truck Accidents Caused by Soft Road Shoulders You may have seen signs warning of a “soft shoulder” and not given it much thought. A soft shoulder is when the side of the road is a different material than the roadway itself, such as compacted dirt, gravel, or other materials.

  1. By contrast, interstates and other major highways tend to have shoulders that are either concrete or asphalt.
  2. Soft shoulders are more prevalent on rural roads and highways where the pavement does not extend much further than the white line.
  3. The issue is that soft shoulders can present numerous potential hazards, particularly for large trucks such as tractor-trailers.

If you have been injured in a truck accident due to a soft shoulder, an can help you understand your rights and your options.

What does it mean when it says soft shoulder?

What does a Soft Shoulder sign mean? – A Soft Shoulder sign warns drivers that the berm up ahead is made of gravel or packed dirt. The shoulder isn’t paved and may be uneven to the paved road. Driving on the shoulder is likely to be hazardous: the difference between the two road surfaces could cause your vehicle to swerve or act unpredictably. When you see this sign, avoid driving on the shoulder.