What Is A Determiner In Grammar?

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What Is A Determiner In Grammar

What are the 7 determiners?

Description – Most determiners have been traditionally classed either as adjectives or, and this still occurs in traditional grammars: for example, demonstrative and possessive determiners are sometimes described as demonstrative adjectives and possessive adjectives or as (adjectival) demonstrative pronouns and (adjectival) possessive pronouns respectively.

  • These traditional interpretations of determiners are related to some of the linguistic properties of determiners in modern syntax theories, such as, and,
  • However, modern theorists of tend to distinguish determiners as a separate from adjectives, which are simple of nouns, expressing attributes of the thing referred to.

This distinction applies particularly in languages, such as English, that use definite and indefinite articles frequently as a necessary component of noun phrases—the determiners may then be taken to be a class of words that includes the articles as well as other words that function in the place of articles.

The composition of this class may depend on the particular language’s rules of ; for example, in English the my, your etc. are used without articles and so can be regarded as determiners, whereas their equivalents etc. are used together with articles and so may be better classed as adjectives.) Not all languages can be said to have a lexically distinct class of determiners.

In some languages, the role of certain determiners can be played by (prefixes or suffixes) attached to a noun or by other types of, For example, definite articles are represented by suffixes in,,, and, (For example, in Swedish, (“book”), when definite, becomes (“the book”), while the Romanian (“notebook”) similarly becomes caietul (“the notebook”).) Some languages, such as, have, which play the role of possessive determiners like my and his,

What are the 4 types of determiners?

What are the different types of determiners? – Generally speaking, there are four different types of determiner words. These articles, demonstratives, quantifiers, and possessives. Articles: Articles are largely considered to be the most commonly used determiners.

A child An amazing child An aeroplane A big aeroplane A dog An energetic dog

However, if the sentence was talking about a specific dog, then ‘the’ would instead be used. For example: The dog carried a stick The aeroplane was very noisy

What is the determiner meaning?

b : a word (such as an article, possessive, demonstrative, or quantifier) that makes specific the denotation of a noun phrase

Is the word no a determiner?

No and none of are determiners. None is a pronoun. No, none and none of indicate negation.

How do you identify a determiner in a sentence?

What is a determiner ? – A determiner is a member of a class of words used to modify nouns or noun equivalents. Determiners help clarify what a noun is referring to and are typically placed before descriptive adjectives, For example, in the sentence Would you like to buy this new book?, the word this is a determiner. What Is A Determiner In Grammar But wait—isn’t this also a demonstrative adjective? Yes! It is important to note that adjectives have a lot of overlap with determiners. And which words are and aren’t considered determiners varies depending on which grammar resource or style guide you use.

Some style guides will note that, in general, any word that modifies a noun but cannot be used as a superlative or comparative adjective is typically labeled as a determiner. For example, the word happy is not typically considered a determiner because it can be used to create the comparative happier and superlative happiest,

On the other hand, the word some would be considered a determiner (if modifying a noun) because it doesn’t have a comparative or superlative form. Something can’t be “somer” than something else, nor can something be “the somest.” So with this trick, you can identify many of the determiners we use, but more explanation is still needed.

What is the rule of determiners?

Determiners are words that introduce nouns. These are the different types:

Articles: a, an, the Demonstratives: this, that, these, those Possessive Adjectives: my, your, her, his, our, its, their, whose Quantifiers: a little, a few, many, much, a lot of, most, any, some, enough Numbers: one, five, forty Distributives: both, all, half, neither, either, every, each Interrogatives: what, which, whose

The grammar rules for determiners are that they:

Always come before a nounCome before any modifiers (e.g. adjectives) used before the nounAre required before a singular noun Are optional before plural nouns

Here are some examples of determiners used with the noun ‘ house ‘: What Is A Determiner In Grammar Determiners are commonly used as part of noun phrases, which will also include a modifier (an adjective, another noun, a possessive form, or an adverb-adjective combination). Here are some examples of noun phrases that consist of:

determiner + modifier + noun

What Is A Determiner In Grammar

Can a name be a determiner?

Names have been characterized as one of the three types of definite referring phrases: names, personal pronouns, definite determiner phrases. A revised characterization in notional dependency grammar groups names with pronouns and determiners as determinatives.

Is the word her a determiner?

Her is used as the object of a verb or a preposition. Her is also a possessive determiner. You use her to refer to a woman, girl, or female animal. I went in the room and told her I had something to say to her.

Is the word all a determiner?

All and every are determiners, We use both all and every to refer to the total number of something. All refers to a complete group. Every refers to each member of a complete group: The questionnaire was sent to all employees, The questionnaire was sent to every employee, We can use every to focus on each individual member. Compare

All passengers must turn off their mobile phones. refers to the whole group
Every passenger must turn off their mobile phone. (We use their instead of his or her to refer back to a singular noun ( passenger ) because we are referring to both male and female passengers.) focuses on each individual member of the whole group

We can use all, but not every, on its own without a noun. We use everyone / everybody / everything instead: The meeting is at Oriel Hall. It begins at 8 pm and all are welcome. Not: every is welcome Everyone is welcome to join the village social club.

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Is once a determiner?

Once is an adverb or conjunction.

What is the difference between an adjective and a determiner?

8.5 Adjectives in language power techniques – Adjectives are useful because they describe qualities and quantities of the things, people, and places around us. Authors might think this means they’re useful for writing, although many argue that we shouldn’t overuse them, e.g.

Jennifer Baker in this piece,, However, this also means they can be useful for making claims and arguments — they indicate value judgements and perspectives, and if used strategically, they can imply that listeners or readers should share in those perspectives. Adjectives are used in many language power techniques, but they’re especially notable in the use of and,

Their power in naming is apparent when we consider them in attributive vs. predicative uses. Consider the differences in the effects of:

  1. the autistic child
  2. vs.
  3. the child is autistic

In the first, the adjective ‘autistic’ acts definitively, and some would argue, defines our understanding of the noun ‘child’ because it is, In the second, the adjective is, serving as a subject complement that is potentially incomplete and amendable with other words and phrases (e.g.

‘and smart’). In other words, once a noun is mentioned it is made concrete (or ‘reified’), and whatever follows cannot define it as powerfully as attributive descriptors can. The ‘people first’ movement has embraced this explanation, arguing that we shouldn’t use attributive adjectives this way to describe people with disabilities.

If you have time and interest, learn more about the People First vs. Identity First debates here: This also explains the power of derogatory epithets, for example, those used by President Donald Trump to describe his enemies, like ‘Sleepy Joe’ for Joe Biden, ‘Crooked Hillary’ for Hillary Clinton, or ‘Lyin’ Ted’ for Ted Cruz.

By using these names repeatedly, Trump ‘reifies’ these qualities in his audience’s minds as defining who his enemies are, to his advantage. The danger is that name-calling can lead to negative and ultimately, Adjectives are also used in — the exaggeration of facts about an event, idea, or person that garners an emotional response like fear, shock, concern, or amusement from the audience.

Hyperbole can work in several ways: by using, i.e. adverbs that intensify an adjective’s power, e.g.: That’s a really fantastic idea. by using unqualified comparatives, e.g. This toothpaste will make your teeth whiter, brighter, and stronger, or unprovable superlatives, e.g.

  • An adjective is a word that describes a noun.
  • Adjectives are an open class.
  • New adjectives can be invented and created using affixes.
  • Adjectives are gradable or non-gradable; non-gradable adjectives do not make sense when they are modified with the adverb ‘very’.
  • Gradable adjectives have three forms: base, comparative, and superlative.
  • The comparative form is ‘-er’ for short words and ‘more – ‘ for long words.
  • The superlative form is ‘-est’ for short words and ‘the most – ‘ for long words.
  • A determiner is a word that introduces a noun phrase.
  • Determiners are a closed class.
  • Determiners are obligatory with singular count nouns.
  • If we use more than one determiner before a noun they occur in a specific order
  • Determiner sub-classes include quantifiers, partitives, multipliers, articles, demonstratives, and possessives.
  • Demonstratives and possessives can be pronouns or determiners; if they modify a NP they are determiners.
  • The definite article ‘the’ is used to introduce a noun that is known to the listener or reader.
  • The rules for the use of the definite article are complex; it can be used for textual, situational, structural, and cultural reasons.
  • The indefinite article ‘a’ or ‘an’ (for before vowel sounds) means ‘one’ or ‘any’. It introduces a new noun that is singular, count, and not unique.
  • Other determiners can be used to show definiteness and indefiniteness.
  • Articles are not used in headlines for brevity’s sake, but it can be inferred.
  • An adjective can be used attributively, i.e., before the noun it modifies.
  • An adjective can be used predicatively, i.e., after a linking verb in the predicate, as a subject complement.
  • Rarely, an adjective can be used post-positively, i.e. following the noun it modifies.
  • Adjectives modify nouns, and adverbs modify verbs and adjectives. A determiner technically modifies a noun, not an adjective.
  • An adjective phrase of one or more adjective and modifiers can function as a complement.
  • The prototypical use of determiners and adjectives in noun phrases is NP = ( DET ) + ( ADJ *) + N
  • Adjectives are prominent in the language power techniques of name-calling and hyperbole.
  • attributive uses of adjectives
  • post-positive uses of adjectives
  • predicative uses of adjectives
  • Module author: Jonathon Reinhardt
  • Last updated: 13 December 2022
  • This module is part of, an open educational resource offered by the, a privately funded project with the goal of raising critical language awareness and media literacy among students of language and throughout society.

What Is A Determiner In Grammar a word that describes or modifies a noun, e.g. ‘happy’, ‘big’, or ‘unbelievable’ a person, place, thing, or concept an adjective that describes a quality that can be graded or in degrees, e.g. ‘hot’. A gradable adjective can be modified with ‘very’ an adjective that describes a quality that cannot be graded or thought of in degrees, e.g.

‘dead’. the plain, uninflected form of an adjective the -er or more – form of an adjective used for comparison the “-est” or “(the) most -” form of an adjective used for superlatives a word that specifies or determines which noun, e.g. ‘the’, ‘a’, ‘whose’, ‘many’, etc. a noun, e.g. ‘barbecue’, often with other words around it, e.g.

‘the best barbecue in the world’, usually functioning as a subject or object a word like ‘we’, ‘hers’, or ‘someone’ that represents and replaces a noun or noun phrase a noun that can be counted, be singular or plural, and modified with determiners like ‘many’ or ‘few’ a noun that refers to a thing that when used in non-count refers to the substance and must be quantified, but when used in count refers to a singular serving, item, or piece determiners that specify how many or which determiners that specify a selection or part of the noun a multiplier number word like ‘double’ or ‘three times’ used as a determiner a determiner that specifies whether a noun is definite (specific) or indefinite (general) a determiner that specifies which one or ones out of a group according to proximity a possessive word acting as a determiner; it must agree in person, number, and gender with the noun a determiner that comes first in a string of them, usually referring to amounts articles, demonstratives, and possessives determiners that, if in a string, come after the central determiner; numbers the determiner ‘the’, usually used to mean that the noun referent is known the determiner ‘a’ or ‘an’, usually used to mean that the noun referent is new one, as opposed to plural, which is two or more determiners that can specify new referents, including the indefinite article but also other quantifiers an adjective that comes directly before the noun that it modifies, as opposed to a predicative adjective an adjective that follows a linking verb and is part of a subject complement, describing the subject an adjective that follows its noun; rare in English a verb like ‘be’, ‘become’, ‘seem’, ‘appear’, ‘smell’, ‘taste’, etc.

that is followed by a subject complement a word or phrase that comes after a linking verb (e.g. ‘is’) that describes, or is equatable, to the subject a preposition plus a noun phrase as its complement or object. PPs can function as adverbials, modifying verbs or adjectives. a phrase of one or more adjective, sometimes with a modifying adverb, functioning together as a complement the key noun of a noun phrase; all other words of the phrase can be removed, leaving this, and the phrase will still retain meaning the actor, doer, or primary noun or pronoun of a clause.

In English it comes first. a technique of using language to persuade, convince or otherwise influence the listener, reader, or interlocutor (audience) the pejorative or derogatory use of an epithet, that is, a descriptive name, to address or refer to someone a language power technique or figure of speech that exaggerates the facts of an event, idea, or person to garner an emotional response like fear, shock, concern, or amusement from the audience the human tendency to attribute a single or a few traits to an entire group of people.

  1. Stereotyping can be dangerously dehumanizing because it overlooks diversity and individual complexity.
  2. Blaming a person or group that cannot defend themself for a problem they did not actually cause an adverb that intensifies an adjective’s power, e.g.
  3. Really, very, extremely, or totally a word or phrase that specifies how many, how much, or what part of a noun is being referred to : 8.
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Adjectives & Determiners

Is the word most a determiner?

‘Most’ as a Determiner Most as a determiner is used to show either the greatest thing in amount/degree or the majority of things. Look: Most as a determiner is used before uncountable nouns to show the greatest in amount or degree.

How do you use determiners?

Determiners Defined – What is a determiner? Simply put, in English, a determiner is a word that introduces a noun or provides information about the quantity of a noun. It always comes before a noun, not after, and it also comes before any other adjectives used to describe the noun. Determiners are required before a singular noun but are optional when it comes to introducing plural nouns.

What is the difference between a modal and a determiner?

MODAL A modal verb is a type of verb that is used to indicate modality – that is: likelihood, ability, permission, request, capacity, suggestions, order, obligation, or advice. In English and other Germanic languages, modal verbs are often distinguished as a class based on certain grammatical properties.

  • DETERMINER A determiner is a word that introduces a noun.
  • It always comes before a noun, not after, and it also comes before any other adjectives used to describe the noun.
  • Determiners are required before a singular noun but are optional when it comes to introducing plural nouns.
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What are the three most common determiners?

Some of the main types of determiners are: Definite and indefinite articles. Demonstrative determiners. Possessive determiners.

Is six a determiner?

English determiners (also known as determinatives ) : 354  are words – such as the, a, each, some, which, this, and six – that are most commonly used with nouns to specify their referents, The determiners form a closed lexical category in English,

  • The syntactic role characteristically performed by determiners is known as the determinative function (see § Terminology ).
  • A determinative combines with a noun (or, more formally, a nominal; see English nouns § Internal structure ) to form a noun phrase (NP).
  • This function typically comes before any modifiers in the NP (e.g., some very pretty wool sweaters, not *very pretty some wool sweaters ).

The determinative function is typically obligatory in a singular, countable, common noun phrase (compare I have a new cat to * I have new cat ). Semantically, determiners are usually definite or indefinite (e.g., the cat versus a cat ), and they often agree with the number of the head noun (e.g., a new cat but not * many new cat ).

  1. Morphologically, they are usually simple and do not inflect.
  2. The most common of these are the definite and indefinite articles, the and a ( n ).
  3. Other determiners in English include the demonstratives this and that, and the quantifiers (e.g., all, many, and none ) as well as the numerals,
  4.  373  Determiners also occasionally function as modifiers in noun phrases (e.g., the many changes ), determiner phrases (e.g., many more ) or in adjective or adverb phrases (e.g., not that big ).

: 565  They may appear on their own without a noun, similar to pronouns (e.g., I’ll have some ), but they are distinct from pronouns. : 412

Are there 8 or 12 parts of speech?

The Eight Parts of Speech – TIP Sheets – Butte College TIP SheetTHE EIGHT PARTS OF SPEECH There are eight parts of speech in the English language: noun, pronoun, verb, adjective, adverb, preposition, conjunction, and interjection. The part of speech indicates how the word functions in meaning as well as grammatically within the sentence.

A noun is the name of a person, place, thing, or idea.

man. Butte College. house. happiness A noun is a word for a person, place, thing, or idea. Nouns are often used with an article ( the, a, an ), but not always. Proper nouns always start with a capital letter; common nouns do not. Nouns can be singular or plural, concrete or abstract.

Nouns show possession by adding ‘s, Nouns can function in different roles within a sentence; for example, a noun can be a subject, direct object, indirect object, subject complement, or object of a preposition. The young girl brought me a very long letter from the teacher, and then she quickly disappeared.

Oh my! See the TIP Sheet on “Nouns” for further information.2. PRONOUN

A pronoun is a word used in place of a noun.

She. we. they. it A pronoun is a word used in place of a noun. A pronoun is usually substituted for a specific noun, which is called its antecedent. In the sentence above, the antecedent for the pronoun she is the girl. Pronouns are further defined by type: personal pronouns refer to specific persons or things; possessive pronouns indicate ownership; reflexive pronouns are used to emphasize another noun or pronoun; relative pronouns introduce a subordinate clause; and demonstrative pronouns identify, point to, or refer to nouns.

A verb expresses action or being.

jump. is. write. become The verb in a sentence expresses action or being. There is a main verb and sometimes one or more helping verbs. (” She can sing.” Sing is the main verb; can is the helping verb.) A verb must agree with its subject in number (both are singular or both are plural).

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An adjective modifies or describes a noun or pronoun.

pretty. old. blue. smart An adjective is a word used to modify or describe a noun or a pronoun. It usually answers the question of which one, what kind, or how many. (Articles are usually classified as adjectives.) The young girl brought me a very long letter from the teacher, and then she quickly disappeared. Oh my! See the TIP Sheet on “Adjectives” for more information.5. ADVERB

An adverb modifies or describes a verb, an adjective, or another adverb.

gently. extremely. carefully. well An adverb describes or modifies a verb, an adjective, or another adverb, but never a noun. It usually answers the questions of when, where, how, why, under what conditions, or to what degree. Adverbs often end in -ly.

A preposition is a word placed before a noun or pronoun to form a phrase modifying another word in the sentence.

by. with. about. until (by the tree, with our friends, about the book, until tomorrow) A preposition is a word placed before a noun or pronoun to form a phrase modifying another word in the sentence. Therefore a preposition is always part of a prepositional phrase.

The prepositional phrase almost always functions as an adjective or as an adverb. The following list includes the most common prepositions: The young girl brought me a very long letter from the teacher, and then she quickly disappeared. Oh my! See the TIP Sheet on “Prepositions” for more information.7.

CONJUNCTION

A conjunction joins words, phrases, or clauses.

and. but. or. while. because A conjunction joins words, phrases, or clauses, and indicates the relationship between the elements joined. Coordinating conjunctions connect grammatically equal elements: and, but, or, nor, for, so, yet. Subordinating conjunctions connect clauses that are not equal: because, although, while, since, etc.

An interjection is a word used to express emotion.

Oh!. Wow!. Oops! An interjection is a word used to express emotion. It is often followed by an exclamation point. The young girl brought me a very long letter from the teacher, and then she quickly disappeared. Oh my ! See the TIP Sheet on “Interjections” for more information. : The Eight Parts of Speech – TIP Sheets – Butte College

Is seven a determiner?

In a noun phrase, dependent words before the head are either determiners (e.g. the, my, some ) or premodifiers (e.g. adjectives). Dependent words after the head are either complements or postmodifiers. Determiners come first in a noun phrase (e.g. the big black car ).

They include: articles: a/an, the demonstratives: this, that, these, those possessive determiners: my, your, his, her, etc. quantifiers: some, any, all, enough, no, every, etc. numerals: one, two, three, etc. interrogative words: which, what, whose Determiners show the type of reference the noun phrase makes.

The reference may be definite ( the ), indefinite ( a/an ), demonstrative ( this, that, these, those ), possessive ( my, our, their, etc.). Determiners can also indicate number or quantity (e.g. seven, all, some, no ). (Determiners are in bold; heads are underlined.): This room is the guest bedroom,

  1. Your sister rang while you were at the shop,
  2. Every time I see him he’s wearing no shoes,
  3. Which box do you want? Premodifiers consist of single adjectives, adjective phrases, single nouns and noun phrases which are used before the head in a noun phrase.
  4. Adjectives describe the qualities or features of a noun.

Common adjectives include nice, big, bad, happy, black, beautiful, new, (Adjectives and adjective phrases are in bold; heads are underlined.):

a nice day my new armchair
a very happy life that big, black umbrella

Nouns can act as premodifiers in noun phrases. They specify particular aspects or features of the noun, such as type, material, etc. (Premodifier nouns are in bold; heads are underlined.):

a university education two 18th-century solid silver cups
a fur coat the post-war economy
a recent government report

Nouns which act as premodifiers are singular, even when the head is plural: Four metal cylinders were attached to the machine. Not: Four metals cylinders were attached to the machine, You can get really good, cheap leather jackets in Marrakesh. Noun phrase modifiers indicating time or measurements are singular in form even when their meaning is plural.

  • Hyphens are normally used in the modifying expression: an eight-hour flight a three-day tour of Amsterdam a two-litre bottle Not: an eight-hours flight Complements come immediately after the head in a noun phrase.
  • They are prepositional phrases or clauses which are necessary to complete the meaning of the noun.

Without the complement, we wouldn’t understand what the noun was referring to.

pre-head head complement type
a rise in inflation prepositional phrase
a feeling of fear and loneliness prepositional phrase
the idea that schools should control their own finances clause
the fact that the planet is getting warmer clause

A rise in inflation is likely in the coming months. The idea that schools should control their own finances is not a new one. The fact that the planet is getting warmer is no longer disputed. Postmodifiers come after the head in a noun phrase. They consist of adverb phrases, prepositional phrases and clauses.

pre-head head postmodifier type
an old cottage nearby adverb phrase
a tall man with grey hair prepositional phrase
that antique table she bought last year clause
the parcel on my desk that Philip left for you prepositional phrase (on my desk) + clause (that Philip left for you)
the woman in the black dress talking to Marcus prepositional phrase (in the black dress) + clause (talking to Marcus)

Postmodifiers usually come after any complement in the noun phrase.

pre-head head complement postmodifier
the claim that he was a car thief which appeared in several newspapers
a feeling of hope that everyone shared

Complements are necessary to complete the meaning of a noun. Postmodifiers are not necessary; they give extra information about the noun which helps to identify it or locate it in some way. (The complement and the postmodifier are underlined below.) Compare

complement postmodifier
We all felt a sense of despair, The tall woman in the red skirt talking to Paula is a colleague of mine.
The head sense needs more information to complete its meaning. If we only said We all felt a sense, the meaning would not be complete; we need the complement. The postmodifiers in the red skirt and talking to Paula help us to identify the woman but they are not necessary. The meaning ( The tall woman is a colleague of mine,) would be complete without them.

What are the general determiners?

Definition of General determiners: – General determiners are used before a noun to denote it in a general or unspecific way. General determiners include the following:

What; other; another; a; an; any, etc.