What Human Emotion Are You?


What is my human emotions?

The Six Basic Emotions – A widely accepted theory of basic emotions and their expressions, developed Paul Ekman, suggests we have six basic emotions. They include sadness, happiness, fear, anger, surprise and disgust.

Are there 27 emotions?

Basic emotions –

  • William James in 1890 proposed four basic emotions: fear, grief, love, and rage, based on bodily involvement.
  • Paul Ekman identified six basic emotions: anger, disgust, fear, happiness, sadness and surprise. Wallace V. Friesen and Phoebe C. Ellsworth worked with him on the same basic structure. The emotions can be linked to facial expressions. In the 1990s, Ekman proposed an expanded list of basic emotions, including a range of positive and negative emotions that are not all encoded in facial muscles. The newly included emotions are: Amusement, Contempt, Contentment, Embarrassment, Excitement, Guilt, Pride in achievement, Relief, Satisfaction, Sensory pleasure, and Shame,
  • Richard and Bernice Lazarus in 1996 expanded the list to 15 emotions: aesthetic experience, anger, anxiety, compassion, depression, envy, fright, gratitude, guilt, happiness, hope, jealousy, love, pride, relief, sadness, and shame, in the book Passion and Reason,
  • Researchers at University of California, Berkeley identified 27 categories of emotion: admiration, adoration, aesthetic appreciation, amusement, anger, anxiety, awe, awkwardness, boredom, calmness, confusion, craving, disgust, empathic pain, entrancement, excitement, fear, horror, interest, joy, nostalgia, relief, romance, sadness, satisfaction, sexual desire and surprise. This was based on 2185 short videos intended to elicit a certain emotion. These were then modeled onto a “map” of emotions.

What emotion do humans feel the most?

Introduction – Hundreds of papers in psychology, medicine, marketing, management, and many other fields begin by asserting that emotions are ubiquitous to human life. But exactly how “ubiquitous” are they? A tremendous body of work has established that various stimuli and situations can cause emotions and that once people experience emotions, it guides their thoughts and behaviors,

  • However, despite decades of research establishing the causes and consequences of emotions in the laboratory, we know surprisingly little about emotions in real life.
  • That is, how many hours a day do we feel happy, in love, fearful, or disgusted? What specific emotional state should we seek to offset a burst of anger? Is gratitude really an antidote for sadness? Answering these fundamental questions about the frequency and centrality (i.e., interconnectedness) of emotions in everyday life is crucial to our understanding of human experience and may guide research and interventions in important ways.

In the current research, we report the first “big data” account of how people actually experience emotions in real-time in their everyday life. Bringing together network science and emotion research for the first time, we use network analysis to elucidate interrelations between emotions.

This approach provides new insights into our everyday emotional life. Recent years have witnessed an explosion of research on specific emotions. In particular, a fast growing body of work aims to investigate the health benefits of specific emotions such as gratitude, awe, and love and psychological interventions that encourage people to cultivate these specific emotions are currently expanding,

Examining the effect of specific emotions is also a very hot topic in behavioral economics, and researchers have started to uncover how different emotional states influence judgment and decision-making. For instance, the experience of joy and anger tends to boost people’s tendencies to take actions, fear exacerbates perceptions of risk, and disgust can increase people’s desire to discard their belongings, even when the source of these emotions is unrelated to the situation at hand,

These exciting advances in our understanding of different specific emotions contrast with how little we know about how these emotions are experienced in everyday life. Only a handful of studies have attempted to track people’s emotions in natural settings and they have typically done so by providing small samples (from a couple dozens to a couple hundreds) of undergraduates or local community members with pagers, which prompted participants to record whenever possible their feelings on a paper diary during random points in the day,

These initial studies provided somewhat disparate findings. Some researchers report that happiness and relaxation are the most frequent human emotions, whereas others find that anxiety and excitement dominate our emotional life, These incongruent results may not be surprising, however, given the very small sizes and idiosyncratic characteristics of the samples that have been used in the past.

  • Moreover, the use of retrospective measures makes it difficult to ensure that participants report on their emotions at the moment they are being experienced, thereby potentially introducing memory-related biases.
  • What is currently needed is a large-scale investigation of human emotions in a large and diverse sample of people using a precise measurement tool that allows for more reliable and generalized conclusions about their everyday experience of emotions.

Accordingly, we drew from the literature on Experience Sampling Methods (ESM) and Ecological Momentary Assessment (EMA) to construct a tool that makes it possible to record people’s emotions as they go about their daily lives. Beyond frequency, the wide range of emotions people can experience prompts the question of how the main specific emotions are interrelated.

  • For example, is anger more likely to be experienced in tandem with anxiety or with sadness? Can we feel love and contempt at the same time? We know very little about which emotions typically co-occur or are rarely or never experienced in tandem.
  • Existing research on the structure of affect has primarily provided insight into the factors that may underlie emotions.

For instance, the best-known model of affect is the circumplex model, which proposes that emotions can be ordered on the circumference of a circle that comprises two orthogonal psychological dimensions: valence and arousal—the distance between two specific emotions corresponds to the similarity and correlations between them,

For example, according to the circumplex model, the emotion “fear” falls in the high arousal/negative valence quadrant of the circle, while “satisfaction” falls in the low arousal/positive valence quadrant. Multidimensional scaling of similarity judgments of emotions has provided support for the proposition that valence and arousal serve as the primary dimensions of emotions,

However, using multidimensional scaling and factor analysis to examine the interrelations between emotions essentially simplifies the space of emotions by attempting to elucidate common factors that underpin their variability. In the present investigation, we aim to enrich research on emotion by taking a novel complementary approach to studying the relationships between different specific emotions from a network perspective.

Our approach based on the theory of complex networks fully encodes the complexity of everyday emotional life. Factor analysis, an approach that has been used in earlier studies, makes the fundamental assumption that emotional space can be reduced to smaller number of dimensions. In a seminal paper, the authors introduce network analysis for sociometric data because “Clearly, the standard tools of regression, discriminant, or factor analysis are not readily applicable.” (p.512).

Graph analysis does not make the assumptions that factor analysis makes. It simply represents the complexity of interactions between different elements of a network. In the current study, we show that network analysis provides new insights into the centrality of specific emotions and their relation with other emotions.

Several methodological challenges have made studying the frequency and centrality of emotions as they are experienced in everyday life with a large and diverse group of people a particularly difficult endeavour. We sought to overcome these challenges by developing a multiplatform experience sampling smartphone application, which yielded real-time measures among an exceptionally large group of people.

This approach allowed us to examine three fundamental questions about human emotions: 1) how often do people experience emotions in general, 2) which emotions do people specifically experience (i.e., frequency), and 3) how central are different emotions within the emotion network (i.e., centrality)?

What are the seven basic human emotions?

Basic Emotion Theory – Basic emotion theory has been very influential for more than half a century, providing inspiration for interventions in psychopathology ( Saarimaki et al., 2016 ; Celeghin et al., 2017 ; Williams, 2017 ; Hutto et al., 2018 ; Song and Hakoda, 2018 ; Vetter et al., 2018 ; Wang et al., 2018 ).

Theories about basic emotions originated from ancient Greece and China ( Russell, 2003 ). Current basic emotion theory started with Darwin (1872) and Ekman (2003), and later ( Tomkins, 1962 ), subsequently followed by Ekman (1984), and Izard (1977), then by many current psychologists ( Ortony and Turner, 1990 ; Panksepp, 2007 ; Scarantino and Griffiths, 2011 ; Gu et al., 2016, 2018 ; Saarimaki et al., 2016 ; Hutto et al., 2018 ).

Basic emotion theory proposes that human beings have a limited number of emotions (e.g., fear, anger, joy, sadness) that are biologically and psychologically “basic” ( Wilson-Mendenhall et al., 2013 ), each manifested in an organized recurring pattern of associated behavioral components ( Ekman, 1992a ; Russell, 2006 ).

  • Izard (1977) argued that the basic emotions are preserved because their biological and social functions are essential in evolution and adaption; he further suggested that basic emotions have innate neural substrates and universal behavioral phenotypes ( Shpigler et al., 2017 ).
  • In a special issue of Emotion Review, several research psychologists outlined the latest thinking about each theoretical model of basic emotions ( Plutchik, 1962 ; Ekman and Friesen, 1969 ; Ekman, 2003 ; Izard, 2010, 2011 ; Ekman and Cordaro, 2011 ; Levenson, 2011 ; Panksepp and Watt, 2011 ; Tracy and Randles, 2011 ).

Basic emotions evolved to handle fundamental life tasks, e.g., fear and anger can aid survival by influencing an organism to either flee for safety or fight to defend itself. The elements of basic emotions can be combined to form complex or compound emotions ( Ekman, 1992b ).

  1. Even though many psychologists have accepted the theory of basic emotions, there is no consensus about the precise number of basic emotions.
  2. Robert Plutchik proposed eight primary emotions: anger, fear, sadness, disgust, surprise, anticipation, trust and joy, and arranged them in a color wheel.
  3. Ekman proposed seven basic emotions: fear, anger, joy, sad, contempt, disgust, and surprise; but he changed to six basic emotions: fear, anger, joy, sadness, disgust, and surprise.

However, a recent study found that disgust and anger shared similar wrinkled nose, and fear and surprise shared raised eyebrows ( Jack et al., 2014 ). The differences between anger and disgust and the differences between fear and surprise, are thought to have developed later for social functions and not for survival per se ( Mansourian et al., 2016 ).

What are 16 human emotions?

How they conducted the study – First, researchers used Cowen’s machine-learning algorithm to log facial expressions shown in 6 million video clips of events and interactions worldwide, such as watching fireworks, dancing joyously or consoling a sobbing child. What Human Emotion Are You Cowen’s online map shows variations of facial expressions associated with 16 emotions. They used the algorithm to track instances of 16 facial expressions one tends to associate with amusement, anger, awe, concentration, confusion, contempt, contentment, desire, disappointment, doubt, elation, interest, pain, sadness, surprise and triumph.

Next, they correlated the facial expressions with the contexts and scenarios in which they were made across different world regions and discovered remarkable similarities in how people across geographic and cultural boundaries use facial expressions in different social contexts. “We found that rich nuances in facial behavior — including subtle expressions we associate with awe, pain, triumph, and 13 other feelings — are used in similar social situations around the world,” Cowen said.

For example, Cowen noted, in the video clips, people around the world tended to gaze in awe during fireworks displays, show contentment at weddings, furrow their brows in concentration when performing martial arts, show doubt at protests, pain when lifting weights and triumph at rock concerts and competitive sporting events.

  • The results showed that people from different cultures share about 70% of the facial expressions used in response to different social and emotional situations.
  • This supports Darwin’s theory that expressing emotion in our faces is universal among humans,” Keltner said.
  • The physical display of our emotions may define who we are as a species, enhancing our communication and cooperation skills and ensuring our survival.” In addition to Keltner and Cowen, co-authors of the study are Florian Schroff, Brendan Jou, Hartwig Adam and Gautam Prasad, all at Google.

Read the study: Sixteen facial expressions occur in similar contexts worldwide

Are any of my emotions real?

Are Emotions Real? – Home Common sense leads us to believe that emotions are real in nature and exist independent of any observer, in the same manner as Higgs bosons and plants. Emotions seem to be present in wiggling eyebrows and wrinkled noses, in sagging shoulders and sweaty palms, in racing hearts and squirts of cortisol, and in silence, screams, and sighs.

  1. Science, however, tells us that emotions require a perceiver, just as colors and sounds do.
  2. When you experience or perceive emotion, sensory input is transformed into patterns of firing neurons.
  3. At the time, if you focus your attention on your body, you experience emotions as if they are happening in your body, just like you experience red color in the apple and sound in the world.

If you’re instead focusing attention on the world, you experience faces and voices and bodies as if they express emotion for you to decode. But as we learned in chapter 5, your brain categorizes using emotion concepts to make these sensations meaningful. What Human Emotion Are You You move your facial muscles all the time. Your eyebrows scrunch. Your lips curl. Your nose wrinkles. These actions are perceiver-independent and “they help you sample the sensory world. Widening your eyes enhances your peripheral vision, so you can more easily detect objects surrounding you.

Narrowing your eyes improves your visual acuity for objects right in front of you. Wrinkling your nose helps to block noxious chemicals. But these movements are not intrinsically emotional. Inside your body, your heartbeat, blood pressure, breathing, temperature, and cortisol level fluctuate throughout the day.

These changes have physical functions to regulate your body in the world; they are perceiver-independent. They also are not intrinsically emotional. Your muscle movements and bodily changes become functional as instances of emotion only when you categorize them that way, giving them new functions as experiences and perceptions.

Without emotion concepts, these new functions don’t exist. There are only moving faces, beating hearts, circulating hormones, and so on, just as without color concepts, “red” and the sound of a falling tree would not exist. There’d be only light and vibrations. Historically, scientists have debated whether emotion categories like fear and anger are real in nature or illusory.

We learned in chapter 1 that those who adhere to the classical view believe that emotion categories are carved in nature, with “every instance of (say) “Fear” sharing a common biological fingerprint. Emotion concepts in your head, they say, exist separately from those natural categories.

  • Critics usually counter that anger, fear, and so on, are mere words from folk psychology and should be discarded for scientific endeavors.
  • Early in my journey, I took this latter view, but I now think there’s another possibility that’s more realistic.
  • The distinction between “real in nature” versus “illusory” is a false dichotomy.
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Fear and anger are real to a group of people who agree that certain changes in the body, on the face, and so on, are meaningful as emotions. In other words, emotion concepts have social reality. They exist in your human mind that is conjured in your human brain, which is part of nature.

The biological processes of categorization, which are rooted in physical reality and are observable in the brain and body, create “socially real categories. Folk concepts like “fear” and “anger” are not mere words to be discarded from scientific thought but play a critical role in the story of how the brain creates emotion.


“Susskind, Joshua M., Daniel H. Lee, Andrée Cusi, Roman Feiman, Wojtek Grabski, and Adam K. Anderson.2008. “Expressing Fear Enhances Sensory Acquisition.” Nature Neuroscience 11 (7): 843–850.”

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What are the 34,000 feelings?

What is the Plutchik Wheel? – The Wheel of Emotions, also known as a feeling wheel, is a visual representation of primary and secondary emotions. It was created by psychologist Robert Plutchik and is based on his theory of emotions. Plutchick believed that humans can experience over 34,000 unique emotions but, ordinarily, they experience eight primary emotions. What Human Emotion Are You (Image Source: ResearchGate ) These primary emotions include anger, fear, sadness, joy, disgust, surprise, trust, and anticipation. These emotions are arranged as opposites on the wheel:

  • Sadness and Joy
  • Anger and Fear
  • Disgust and Acceptance
  • Anticipation and Surprise

Plutchik’s theory is that people cannot experience opposite emotions simultaneously. However, they can share blends of emotions by combining emotions next to each other on the feelings wheel. For example:

  • Joy and Acceptance = Love
  • Acceptance and Fear = Submission
  • Fear and Surprise = Awe
  • Surprise and Sadness = Disappointment
  • Sadness and Disgust = Remorse
  • Disgust and Anger = Contempt
  • Anger and anticipation = aggressiveness
  • Joy and love = optimism

Plutchick asserts that contradictory blended emotions such as love and remorse cannot be felt simultaneously. How to use the Wheel of Emotions to detect your mood? You’ll need to understand the dimensions to begin. In simple terms, the cone’s vertical dimension represents intensity – emotions intensify as they move from the outside to the center of the wheel.

Pick a Single Feeling or Emotion

A great starting point is to select the most accurate primary emotion representing how you are feeling. Use your finger to identify more specific emotions (or degrees) that you connect with on the outer edges of the circle. Emotions placed closer to each other in the emotion wheel are deemed more similar than those farther apart.

  • Any emotion outside of the eight primaries is referred to as a secondary emotion, including the core’s center (rage, floating, grief, etc.).
  • Begin to think about the situation or event causing you to feel this way.
  • It can also be helpful to ask yourself how intense your feelings are.
  • The Wheel of Emotions can be helpful in moments of intense feelings and when the mind cannot remain objective as it operates from an impulsive fight or flight response,

For example, let’s say you’re feeling sad, that’s where you would start on the wheel. You move your finger away from sad towards the outside of the wheel and reach pensiveness. In this dimension, you ask yourself, “W hat is causing me to feel this way ?”.

Create a List for Multiple Emotions

Experiencing multiple feelings simultaneously happens, so don’t just focus on one primary emotion. Take your time to work through each primary emotion individually. Create a long list of emotions and determine if your feelings are connected to a single root cause or if several emotions contribute to how you’re feeling.

Choosing Optimism Over Pessimism

We typically over analyze our feelings when we are feeling down or not at our best. However, you can look for ones that help you appreciate life: joy, gratitude, pride, confidence, or creativity. Reading through the list can often remind you of the full range of emotions, not just the negative ones.

Are there 34,000 emotions?

With over 34,000 distinguishable emotions, psychologist Robert Pluchik has elegantly simplified and organized our instinctive state of mind into eight basic emotions in his Wheel of Emotions.

Do we only have 4 emotions?

Human beings are emotional creatures whose state of mind can usually be observed through their facial expressions. A commonly-held belief, first proposed by Dr Paul Ekman, posits there are six basic emotions which are universally recognised and easily interpreted through specific facial expressions, regardless of language or culture.

These are: happiness, sadness, fear, anger, surprise and disgust. New research published in the journal Current Biology by scientists at the University of Glasgow has challenged this view, and suggested that there are only four basic emotions. In the news: BBC News Online Their conclusion was reached by studying the range of different muscles within the face – or Action Units as researchers refer to them – involved in signalling different emotions, as well as the time-frame over which each muscle was activated.

This is the first such study to objectively examine the ‘temporal dynamics’ of facial expressions, made possible by using a unique Generative Face Grammar platform developed at the University of Glasgow. The team from the Institute of Neuroscience and Psychology claim that while the facial expression signals of happiness and sadness are clearly distinct across time, fear and surprise share a common signal – the wide open eyes – early in the signalling dynamics.

Disgust and anger, surprise and fear Similarly, anger and disgust share the wrinkled nose. It is these early signals that could represent more basic danger signals. Later in the signalling dynamics, facial expressions transmit signals that distinguish all six ‘classic’ facial expressions of emotion. Lead researcher Dr Rachael Jack said: “Our results are consistent with evolutionary predictions, where signals are designed by both biological and social evolutionary pressures to optimise their function.

“First, early danger signals confer the best advantages to others by enabling the fastest escape. Secondly, physiological advantages for the expresser – the wrinkled nose prevents inspiration of potentially harmful particles, whereas widened eyes increases intake of visual information useful for escape – are enhanced when the face movements are made early.

What our research shows is that not all facial muscles appear simultaneously during facial expressions, but rather develop over time supporting a hierarchical biologically-basic to socially-specific information over time.” In compiling their research the team used special techniques and software developed at the University of Glasgow to synthesise all facial expressions.

The Generative Face Grammar – developed by Professor Philippe Schyns, Dr Oliver Garrod and Dr Hui Yu – uses cameras to capture a three-dimensional image of faces of individuals specially trained to be able to activate all 42 individual facial muscles independently.

From this a computer can then generate specific or random facial expressions on a 3D model based on the activation of different Actions Units or groups of units to mimic all facial expressions. By asking volunteers to observe the realistic model as it pulled various expressions – thereby providing a true four-dimensional experience – and state which emotion was being expressed the researchers are able to see which specific Action Units observers associate with particular emotions.

It was through this method they found that the signals for fear/surprise and anger/disgust were confused at the early stage of transmission and only became clearer later when other Action Units were activated. Dr Jack said: “Our research questions the notion that human emotion communication comprises six basic, psychologically irreducible categories.

What is the most attractive emotion?

Women usually spend a lot on the cosmetics and in clothes shopping, thinking they would look attractive and it is ok. But have we ever thought, there could be something, which can actually, make a difference in the way people look at us? According to Psychological research the most attractive emotion on a woman, which is liked by all is actually, happiness.

Yes, happiness, not the fake one, but the genuine happiness. People would want to spend time with people who are happy all the time and this acts as a charm. I would like to quote an incident from the history, all of us know the famous Roman personality Julius Caesar and we also have heard about the Queen Cleopatra, her beauty is famous all over the world.

Back then, a man was allowed polygamy. It is being said, that despite of having other wives, Cleopatra was Julius Caesar’s favorite. Only thing is, she decided to be happy whenever he comes to visit her. She also decided to not complain at all to Julius, unlike his other wives.

  1. Gradually, Julius indirectly started comparing her to his other wives and found out that she is much better than all of them.
  2. According to the research, a happy woman is also linked to femininity.
  3. And the character of happiness in a woman is also associated with trustworthiness.
  4. Therefore, if you are a happy woman, and you are happy genuinely, most likely, people would also consider you trustworthy.

Now, it is the turn of least attractive emotion. It is very simple one to guess, the least attractive emotion for a woman to have is “pride”. Having pride is also linked to “being an unfriendly” a woman. Researchers say, this might be one of the reason that people also link it opposite way, that if a woman is not friendly, they consider her to be having a lot of pride,

  • So, a single trait of how you show your emotions can make or break your impression.
  • We want to be better always at everything, but we never pay attention to those little things that we usually do.
  • Just by becoming happyand talking nicely to someone can increase our likeability and just by reducing the unhealthy pride, we can continue to be a better person.

Next time when you meet someone, just for once, do no complain about anything, meet and tell them how happy you are and see the other person change. Remember, the most attractive thing in a woman is her happiness, and the least attractive thing in her is pride.

What emotion is behind anger?

Anger is a secondary emotion – Typically, we experience a primary emotion like fear, loss, or sadness first. Because these emotions create feelings of vulnerability and loss of control, they make us uncomfortable. One way of attempting to deal with these feelings is by subconsciously shifting into anger.

Unlike fear and sadness, anger provides a surge of energy and makes us feel powerful and in charge rather than vulnerable and helpless. We have all seen this happen. Think about a hungry infant. The infant’s first cry is a cry of distress because the child legitimately needs to eat and has no capacity to fulfill this need unless someone helps.

If this need is not addressed, the infant’s cry switches from a cry of distress to an angry cry. When the feeling of hunger, vulnerability, and powerlessness becomes too distressing, the child becomes angry to distance from these feelings and to signal there is a problem.

  • Until the underlying issues of both hunger and vulnerability are attended to, the anger will remain.
  • It is easy to identify the function of anger when it plays out with infants, but we often struggle to identify its function in our own lives.
  • When I begin to feel anger toward my spouse, it is much easier to go with my anger and say things like, “You always sit there watching TV and avoid doing any of the housework,” than to figure out what is under the anger and address the underlying issue.

It’s also easier for parents to yell about how irresponsible their teenage son is when he arrives home after curfew than to own how scared their son’s lateness made them.

What is the most difficult emotion?

Anger: Managing Intense Emotions After a brain injury, many survivors and family members experience a number of strong emotions. Many people say that one of the most difficult emotions to handle is anger. Anger can weaken your ability to solve problems effectively, make good decisions, handle changes, and get along with others.

What are the 6 desires?

Key Concepts in Chinese Thought and Culture This refers to various human emotions and desires. The term “seven emotions” comes from The Book of Rites, referring to happiness, anger, sadness, fear, love, hatred, and desire. The term “six desires” first appeared in Master Lü’s Spring and Autumn Annals, referring to human desire for life, desire against death, and the desires of human organs such as ears, eyes, mouth and nose for sound, color, taste and aroma.

Later, the term “seven emotions and six desires” came to be used to describe people’s emotions and desires in general. Such emotions and desires, being naturally born with people, should be released or satisfied as appropriate. But they should not become excessive. What are human emotions? They are happiness, anger, sadness, fear, love, hatred, and desire which are naturally born with people.

The Book of Rites Preserving life means satisfying people’s justified desires. Master Lü’s Spring and Autumn Annals ADD TAGS 选择一级类别 时间 学科 派别 专辑 选择二级类别 : Key Concepts in Chinese Thought and Culture

What type of emotion is jealousy?

Psychologists generally identify jealousy as a social emotion, in the same class as shame, embar- rassment, and envy. Jealousy emerges when a valued relationship with another person is threatened by a rival who appears to be competing for attention, affection, or commitment.

Can you see sadness in someone eyes?

How the Eyes Express Emotions and Bodily States

The eyes express all the emotions and states of mind and body. Eyes soften in love, harden with anger, widen in fear, narrow in suspicion, roll in exasperation, glaze with boredom, and weep in sadness. Experimental research with microphotography examining pupil dilation, blinking, and tearing might indicate if someone is lying.

The eyes are “the windows of the soul,” we are told. They may also be curtains, hiding the soul and the self. Belief in the evil eye is widespread. The Eye and the I Through windows, we can see the self. Even Hegel, in his Aesthetics (1835), trusted the window theory of the soul, writing that “in the eye, the soul is concentrated”; thus, “through the eyes, we look into a man’s soul.” And: “a man’s glance is what is most full of his soul, the of his inmost and feeling” (1975:153, 434, 732).

  1. In this, eyes have unique importance.
  2. No other organs of the body have such power.
  3. Eyes flash and blaze, sparkle and twinkle, stare, glare and glower, glance, peer, leer and ogle, and goggle.
  4. There are flirtatious eyes, eyes, bedroom eyes, and occasionally blank, expressionless, dead eyes, which we might avoid.

The eyes express all the emotions and states of mind and body. They soften in love, harden with, widen in and horror, narrow in suspicion, roll in exasperation, glaze with, weep in sadness or joy. The “far-away look in her eyes,” the cold stare of contempt, the hot glare of anger, the cheer-up wink, the come-hither glance, the guilty look.

There’s language in her eye, her cheek, her lip,Nay, her foot speaks; her wanton spirits look outAt every joint and motive in her body.(Troilus and Cressida, Act 4, Scene 5)

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The Eye and the Lie Still, the eye may lie. Lady Macbeth ordered her husband:,bear welcome in your eye, Your hand, your tongue; look like the innocent flower, But be the serpent under it. The Eagles sang that “you can’t hide your lyin’ eyes.” But Ekman says you can.

So the eyes may not always be the windows of the soul. They may be the curtains of the soul. But lying successfully with the eyes and the body is not easy. often negates verbal language; if you can use your eyes and not trust your ears, the truth will come out. said that: He that has eyes to see and ears to hear may convince himself that no mortal can keep a secret.

If his lips are silent, he chatters with his fingertips; betrayal oozes out of him at every pore (1977:114). Experimental research with microphotography indicates that inexperienced liars may give the game away by, for instance, gaze aversion; others, aware of this and better able to monitor their actions, may employ the frank and open gaze as a behaviour.

In Telling Lies (1985), Paul Ekman suggested that “leakage” may occur through other eye language such as pupil dilation, blinking, and tearing. However, expert liars and psychopaths are extremely hard to detect, he said; so are people who believe their own lies. There is a struggle of skills between the hider and the seeker.

Some training in perceiving micro-expressions (fleeting “leaks” lasting less than one-quarter of a second) can be helpful. He insisted, “A lie catcher should never rely upon one clue to deceit; there must be many” (1985:147). But he cautioned: “Most liars can fool most of the people most of the time” (1985:162).

  1. The credibility of the entire justice system rests on the perception of the difference between lies and truth.
  2. Both issues: disbelieving the truth, and believing the lie, have put the justice system on trial.
  3. The Evil Eye Belief in the evil eye has been widespread throughout history and around the world, as The Evil Eye by F.T.

Elworthy (1989 ) and C. Maloney (1976) attest. In the end, the eye can kill. The evil eye is known and feared in most cultures and is widely believed to be as effective as the eye sighting down the barrel of a rifle unless one takes precautions. In the modern West, the belief may be dismissed as, for the eyes are not “seen” as weapons, but if words can wound, then perhaps looks can kill.

  • The Eye and Evolution The eye is a magnificent organ: beautiful, expressive, and useful.
  • Indeed, the eye is often cited as proof not only of the existence of God but especially as proof of the truth of creationism.
  • Evolution, it is argued, could never have created the eye.
  • In The Origin of Species, Darwin discussed the eye: To suppose that the eye, with all its inimitable contrivances for adjusting the focus for different distances, for admitting different amounts of light, and for the correction of spherical and chromatic aberration, could have been formed by natural selection, seems, I freely confess, absurd in the highest possible degree.

(1968:217) Absurd, maybe, but “any sensitive nerve may be rendered sensible to light, and likewise to those coarser vibrations of the air which produce sound.” Hence, through “numerous gradationsuseful to an animal under changing conditions of life,” each of these variations being inherited over time, then “the difficulty of believing.can hardly be considered real” (1968:217).

  1. · In Climbing Mount Improbable (1997), Richard Dawkins explained that about a dozen different types of eyes exist today.
  2. While the path of ocular evolution cannot be traced exactly since there is no fossil record of soft tissue, it probably all began with light-sensitive single-celled organisms, perhaps like such creatures as jellyfish and leeches today.

Conclusion What are the eyes? Obviously organs of sight and emotional expression, and thus very useful and highly valued, but also possibly windows of the soul, or perhaps curtains of the soul, or maybe evil weapons; but certainly wonders of evolution over millions of millennia.1 References Freud, Sigmund 1977. What Human Emotion Are You More from Anthony Synnott Ph.D. More from Psychology Today : How the Eyes Express Emotions and Bodily States

Is love a feeling or an emotion?

Love is a Secondary Emotion – Primary emotions have been characterized by emotions that give you an immediate physiologic response that tends to be evolutionary advantageous—in other words, primary emotions ask for an immediate response, and you don’t have much control over it. Primary emotions from people who study this, might say that there are eight primary emotions.

  • Anger
  • Fear
  • Sadness
  • Disgust
  • Surprise
  • Anticipation
  • Trust
  • Joy

Love is an emotion that combines often two of the primary emotions. So love is an emotion, but you often have to figure out what its manifestation is. So love might make you feel trust. I hope it does. Love of a child might make you feel joy. Love might help you feel anticipation of being with or seeing your loved one.

Are there only 9 emotions?

Have you heard about ‘Navarasa’ or the 9 states of Emotional Empowerment? – Navarasa means Nava means nine, Rasa means emotional state or emotions. As per Ayurveda, the nine emotions are Shringara (love/beauty), Hasya (laughter), Karuna (sorrow), Raudra (anger), Veera (heroism/courage), Bhayanaka (terror/fear), Bibhatsya (disgust), Adbutha (surprise/wonder) and Shantha (peace or tranquillity). What Human Emotion Are You These are the emotions that we humans exhibit according to our life situations. That is why life is lively and equally throbbing because of their existence. These 9 emotions are proof of our living. If we were static without any emotions we would be just like robots or machines, isn’t it? Some of us have a higher emotional quotient and tend to react more.

  1. Our emotions flow freely, no matter positive or negative! We go through all of them at different point of time-love, surprise, anger, sadness, fear, courage, aversion, peace.
  2. Sometimes we react impulsively to a particular situation in the flow of emotions.
  3. It is important to take control or charge of our emotions too so that it doesn’t intervene and affect our relationships.

We can do that slowly with awareness and transform ourselves.

Is it OK to fake my emotions?

Faking emotions at work does more harm than good The adage “Fake it until you make it” – the idea that someone can fake a positive attitude to elicit real-life benefits – often backfires when used with co-workers, according to a study led by a University of Arizona researcher.

Instead, researchers say, making an effort to actually feel the emotions you display is more productive. Allison Gabriel, associate professor of management and organizations in the Eller College of Management, led a team that analyzed two types of emotion regulation that people use at work: surface acting and deep acting.

“Surface acting is faking what you’re displaying to other people. Inside, you may be upset or frustrated, but on the outside, you’re trying your best to be pleasant or positive,” Gabriel said. “Deep acting is trying to change how you feel inside. When you’re deep acting, you’re actually trying to align how you feel with how you interact with other people.”

  • The study surveyed working adults in a wide variety of industries including education, manufacturing, engineering and financial services.
  • “What we wanted to know is whether people choose to engage in emotion regulation when interacting with their co-workers, why they choose to regulate their emotions if there is no formal rule requiring them to do so, and what benefits, if any, they get out of this effort,” Gabriel said.
  • Putting on a Happy Face
  • Gabriel says that when it comes to regulating emotions with co-workers, four types of people emerged from the study:
  • Nonactors, or those engaging in negligible levels of surface and deep acting;
  • Low actors, or those displaying slightly higher surface and deep acting;
  • Deep actors, or those who exhibited the highest levels of deep acting and low levels of surface acting; and,
  • Regulators, or those who displayed high levels of surface and deep acting.

In each study, nonactors made up the smallest group, with the other three groups being similar in size. The researchers identified several drivers for engaging in emotion regulation and sorted them into two categories: prosocial and impression management.

Prosocial motives include wanting to be a good co-worker and cultivating positive relationships. Impression management motives are more strategic and include gaining access to resources or looking good in front of colleagues and supervisors. The team found that regulators, in particular, were driven by impression management motives, while deep actors were significantly more likely to be motivated by prosocial concerns.

This means that deep actors are choosing to regulate their emotions with co-workers to foster positive work relationships, as opposed to being motivated by gaining access to more resources. Faking It Versus Feeling It “The main takeaway,” Gabriel says, “is that deep actors – those who are really trying to be positive with their co-workers – do so for prosocial reasons and reap significant benefits from these efforts.” According to the researchers, those benefits include receiving significantly higher levels of support from co-workers, such as help with workloads and offers of advice.

  1. The data also showed that mixing high levels of surface and deep acting resulted in physical and mental strain.
  2. “Regulators suffered the most on our markers of well-being, including increased levels of feeling emotionally exhausted and inauthentic at work,” Gabriel said.
  3. Lessons Learned
  4. While some managers Gabriel spoke to during the course of her research still believe emotions have little to do with the workplace, the study results suggest there is a benefit to displaying positive emotions during interactions at work, she said.

“I think the ‘fake it until you make it’ idea suggests a survival tactic at work,” Gabriel said. “Maybe plastering on a smile to simply get out of an interaction is easier in the short run, but long term, it will undermine efforts to improve your health and the relationships you have at work.” “In many ways,” Gabriel added, “it all boils down to, ‘Let’s be nice to each other.’ Not only will people feel better, but people’s performance and social relationships can also improve.” : Faking emotions at work does more harm than good

Can emotions be faked?

Abstract: Fake emotion refers to the process of emotional interaction that people show positive or negative emotions in disguise to amplify or suppress the original emotions. Fake emotion is the result of a strategic choice. The emotion displayed may not happen at the moment, but sometimes it can be persuasive.

  1. Fake emotions are common in daily life, but the present research on it is relatively scattered, and there are still some disputes about the interpersonal influence of fake emotion as well as its mechanism.
  2. The existing literature mainly concerns four aspects of the interpersonal effect of fake emotion, including the game process, pro-social behavior situation, organizational situation, and leadership effect.

The related mechanisms include the affective reaction of the emotion receivers and the inner process of “speculating others’ emotions by their own standard”. Future research can focus more on the deep and systematic study of fake emotion on the emotional receiver, group fake emotion, the valence of fake emotion, cognitive neural mechanism, culture background, and so on.


Do psychopaths have feelings?

Psychopaths have feelings: can they learn how to use them? (Aeon) What Human Emotion Are You Written by Arielle Baskin-Sommers Edited by Sam Dresser Psychopaths have long captured the imagination. The names of famous psychopaths, such as Jeffrey Dahmer and Ted Bundy, evoke a morbid curiosity. The crimes committed by these men are so vicious, so unfathomably cruel, that it’s impossible to imagine how someone could do such a thing.

  • The severed heads kept as mementos in Bundy’s apartment or the partially eaten body parts stowed away in Dahmer’s refrigerator are the result of simply inexplicable personalities.
  • So it makes sense that the psychopath is often portrayed as cold-blooded and fearless, and, most of all, as a predator incapable of human emotion.

However, research is growing to suggest that this might not be totally accurate. There is now substantial evidence that psychopaths can in fact experience emotions – but only under the right circumstances. And they can display normal emotional responses – when the emotion is part of their goal, or when they are invited to respond to perceptually simple basic shapes or single objects.

Yet their reactions to the same stimuli are deficient when their attention is focused on an alternative goal or to a complex situation. This means that, while psychopaths are capable of experiencing and displaying emotions in some situations, what confounds them is complexity. Take one of the core deficits in psychopaths: their inexperience of regret.

In our with the neuroscientist Joshua Buckholtz at Harvard University, we asked participants to pick between two wheels that had different probabilities of winning or losing them money. In this task, two forms of regret can be measured: retrospective regret, which is the emotional experience you have after learning you could have done better if you’d chosen differently, and prospective regret, which is when you consider potential outcomes for each option and contemplate which decisions would be regrettable so that you can make better future decisions.

  1. Psychopaths reported feeling regret when they saw how much they’d won or could have won on the game.
  2. However, they were unable to use the information about the choices they’d been given to anticipate how much regret they might experience in the future, and to adjust their decision-making accordingly.

They have a deficit in prospective regret, not retrospective regret. This particular dysfunction is evident in our study when a participant was confronted about his crimes, including theft, assault, drugs and murder. This psychopath said that he ‘feels badly about what happened’.

  1. However, he elaborated that his crimes had a great impact on him, not just the victim, and that many others were to blame for his incarceration, including the individual who ‘ratted’ on him, his ‘horrible’ public defender who was a ‘poor planner’, and the ‘rigged’ trial.
  2. When asked about his future, he was confident and nonchalant as he listed goals, such as starting his own business as a dating-app developer, and ‘having no problems’.

In these statements, he demonstrated a moment of regret, but his failure to see the downstream consequences of his behaviour for the victim, the victim’s family and for himself suggested that this moment was disconnected from his future thoughts. In another, conducted with inmates at a maximum-security prison, we focused on the purported fearlessness of psychopaths.

Our lab used a fear conditioning task in which the letter ‘n’ (either upper or lower case) and a coloured box (either red or green) appeared on the screen. A red box meant the inmate might get an electric shock, and a green box meant he was safe. In some trials, the inmate had to tell us the colour of the box (thereby focusing on the threat); in other trials, he had to tell us the letter’s case (focusing on the non-threat), while the box was still displayed.

Psychopaths experienced fear responses (indicated by a startle and amygdala activity) when they had to focus on the box (ie, the threat). However, they showed a deficit in fear responses when they had to tell us the letter’s case (with the box secondary to their primary goal).

Once again, it was not that psychopaths were incapable of experiencing emotion, rather that they had less emotional response than non-psychopaths when they were focused on something else (emotion was not part of their primary goal). Psychopaths can use information that’s directly relevant to their goals.

For instance, psychopaths are excellent at regulating behaviour and using emotions to con someone, as when a participant in our prison study stated that he feigned emotions of love and caring to beguile and manipulate his romantic partners into providing free housing, money and sex.

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But when information is beyond their immediate focus of attention, psychopaths are less able to use it adaptively to function, such as when they quit a job in the absence of another one, despite needing employment for probation, or when they seek publicity for a crime while wanted by police, despite the obvious consequence of this action.

Being in a room with a psychopath can feel like the walls are closing in on you, but at the same time you can enjoy your time with this person. The grandiosity, charm and control the psychopath displays leaves you feeling overwhelmed and uncertain. These traits and the lack of genuine emotion displayed by psychopaths contribute to the belief that these individuals are villainous and should be separated from the rest of society.

But this is misguided. The reason psychopaths are a problem is not because they don’t feel but because they have difficulty effectively processing information. They’re not cold-blooded; they’re simply awful at multitasking. So we need to think about how to address the mind of a psychopath in order to help them notice more information in their environment, and harness their emotional experience.

Some of our recent work has focused on how to change the mind of a psychopath. In 2015, together with John Curtin and Joseph Newman at the University of Wisconsin-Madison, we a computerised training package aimed at helping psychopaths attend to information outside their immediate goals.

  1. For six weeks, in one hour per week, participants played games that involved learning to integrate emotional and non-emotional information with their immediate goals.
  2. At the end of this training, psychopaths showed improvement, which suggests that it is possible to identify and target the cognitive-emotional dysfunctions of psychopathy, and that neural and behavioural patterns can be changed, even for what might be the most recalcitrant population.

: Psychopaths have feelings: can they learn how to use them? (Aeon)

What are the 21 emotions?

Happily disgusted? Scientists map facial expressions for 21 emotions

  • Happy, sad and angry do not even begin to cover the range of emotions we express in our faces, a study has found.
  • Using new computer software, scientists mapped no less than 21 emotional states, including apparently contradictory examples such as “happily disgusted” and “sadly angry”.
  • The research more than triples the number of known emotional facial expressions.

Dr Aleix Martinez, from Ohio State University in the US, said: “We’ve gone beyond facial expressions for simple emotions like happy or sad. We found a strong consistency in how people move their facial muscles to express 21 categories of emotions. “That is simply stunning. That tells us that these 21 emotions are expressed in the same way by nearly everyone, at least in our culture.” A happy face. Photograph: Ohio State University/PA

  1. In future, the computer model could aid the diagnosis and treatment of conditions such as autism and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), said the researchers.
  2. Since the time of Aristotle, scholars have tried to understand how and why our faces betray our feelings.
  3. Today, cognitive scientists try to link facial expressions to emotions in order to track the genetic and chemical pathways that govern emotion in the brain.
  4. Until now they have focused on six basic emotions: happy, sad, fearful, angry, surprised and disgusted.

A disgusted face. Photograph: Ohio State University/PA But restricting emotions to just six categories is like painting only using primary colours, said Martinez. The new study, published in the journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, has tripled the colour palette available to researchers.

  1. In cognitive science, we have this basic assumption that the brain is a computer,” Martinez added.
  2. So we want to find the algorithm implemented in our brain that allows us to recognise emotion in facial expressions.
  3. In the past, when we were trying to decode that algorithm using only those six basic emotion categories, we were having tremendous difficulty.

Hopefully with the addition of more categories, we’ll now have a better way of decoding and analysing the algorithm in the brain.”

  • The scientists photographed 230 mostly student volunteers – 100 male, 130 female – making faces in response to verbal cues designed to trigger emotional states.
  • The words “you just got some great unexpected news”, for instance, produced an expression that was happily surprised, while “you smell a bad odour” prompted a disgusted face.
  • A search was then made for similarities or differences between the 5,000 resulting images and an expression database widely used in body language analysis called the facial action coding system (Facs).
  • This yielded 21 emotions which included subtle combinations of the basic six.
  • Tagging prominent landmarks for facial muscles, such as the corners of the mouth or the outer edge of the eyebrow, enabled the scientists to match emotions to movement.

Putting on a happy face was done the same way by almost everyone, with 99% of study participants drawing up the cheeks and smiling. Surprise involved widening the eyes and opening the mouth 92% of the time.

  1. Happily surprised was marked by wide-open eyes, raised cheeks, and a mouth that was both open and stretched into a smile.
  2. Another hybrid emotion, happily disgusted, created an expression that combined the scrunched up eyes and nose of disgusted with the smile of happy.
  3. It was the emotion felt when something “gross” happens that is also incredibly funny, Martinez explained.
  4. He described how the research might help people with PTSD who were likely to be unusually attuned to anger and fear.

“Can we speculate that they will be tuned to all the compound emotions that involve anger or fear, and perhaps be super-tuned to something like ‘angrily fearful’?” said Martinez. “What are the pathways, the chemicals in the brain that activate those emotions? “We can make more hypotheses now, and test them.

Then eventually we can begin to understand these disorders much better, and develop therapies or medicine to alleviate them.” Here is the full list of emotional states identified by the scientists from facial expressions: Happy, sad, fearful, angry, surprised, disgusted, happily surprised, happily disgusted, sadly fearful, sadly angry, sadly surprised, sadly disgusted, fearfully angry, fearfully surprised, fearfully disgusted, angrily surprised, angrily disgusted, disgustedly surprised, appalled, hatred, awed.

: Happily disgusted? Scientists map facial expressions for 21 emotions

What are the 5 basic human emotions?

There is general consensus among researchers that there are five basic emotions. Anger, Fear, Sadness, Disgust & Enjoyment Understanding our emotions is an important part of good mental health. Below is a diagrammatic representation of the five basic emotions, which contains different words to describe the varying intensity of feelings in these five domains.

All emotions vary in intensity, and we use language to help describe and construct our inner experiences of emotions. The diagram below can be useful in helping people to describe their feelings. Emotions also have a physiological component, each emotion is experienced differently within the body. Being able to name and describe emotions provides us with the capacity to begin to understand ourselves and our reactions.

It is an important part of the capacity to reflect. Understanding our own emotions also enables us to begin to understand the emotional experience of others, which is crucial to the ability to empathise and mentalize (Fonagy) which is essential part of healthy relationships.

  1. Emotions have important functions or meanings.
  2. Anger can be an indications that something is wrong, something has been lost and so on.
  3. However, they can also be misleading at times, and the work of therapy can sometimes be making more balanced interpretations of our emotions.
  4. Regardless of how you might name emotions, it can be useful to understand that they are on a continuum and have a physiological component.

Here is an image that explains graphically

What are the 8 human emotions?

Plutchik’s Wheel of Emotions: Feelings Wheel Emotions can be confusing! But what if you could explore them in an emotion wheel, and dig deeper with a simply powerful emotions list? The Plutchik Model of Emotions provides a simply logical way to make sense of feelings.

➔ An interactive version of Plutchik’s Wheel of Emotions ➔ A free interpretation guide for the Plutchik wheel ➔ A free, downloadable PDF version of Plutchik’s Wheel of Emotions ➔ Free resources to learn more about emotions and emotional literacy, including the

Psychologist Robert Plutchik created the Plutchik Model shown above. It shows there are 8 basic emotions: joy, trust, fear, surprise, sadness, anticipation, anger, and disgust. Plutchik’s wheel of emotions organizes these 8 basic emotions based on the physiological purpose of each. What Human Emotion Are You Primary: The eight sectors are designed to indicate that there are eight primary emotions: anger, anticipation, joy, trust, fear, surprise, sadness and disgust. Opposites: Each primary emotion has a polar opposite. These are based on the physiological reaction each emotion creates in animals (including humans Plutchik studied animals!):

Joy is the opposite of sadness. Physiology: Connect vs withdraw Fear is the opposite of anger. Physiology: Get small and hide vs get big and loud Anticipation is the opposite of surprise. Physiology: Examine closely vs jump back Disgust is the opposite of trust. Physiology: Reject vs embrace

Combinations: The emotions with no color represent an emotion that is a mix of the 2 primary emotions. For example, anticipation and joy combine to be optimism. Joy and trust combine to be love. Emotions are often complex, and being able to recognize when a feeling is actually a combination of two or more distinct feelings is a helpful skill.

There are also tertiary feelings, not shown on the feelings wheel, that are a combination of 3 (and maybe some feelings have 4 or more parts? Let us know what you think in the comments below), Intensity: The cone’s vertical dimension represents intensity – emotions intensify as they move from the outside to the center of the wheel, which is also indicated by the color: The darker the shade, the more intense the emotion.

For example, anger at its least level of intensity is annoyance. At its highest level of intensity, anger becomes rage. Or, a feeling of boredom can intensify to loathing if left unchecked, which is dark purple. This is an important rule about emotions to be aware of in relationships: If left unchecked, emotions can intensify.

Herein lies the wisdom of : it’s the bedrock of effectively Plutchik’s wheel of emotions helps us look at literacy through a broader lens. Literacy means ” a person’s knowledge of a particular subject or field.” So enhancing emotional literacy means not only having words for emotions, but understanding how different emotions are related to one another and how the tend to change over time.

You can read Robert Plutchik’s explanation of his model of emotions in an article that was originally published in American Scientist in 2001 and can be read on Improve self-awareness, make better decisions, and connect to purpose. Want a quick, powerful tool to get started? Download the Emotions List: Emotoscope Feeling Chart.

What are the 9 emotions of human beings?

Navratri is the festival to control nine emotions Human beings exhibit nine emotions according to various situations. All of us carry some positive as well as negative emotions within us which can be devil or divine. But, we need to tame all the emotions to live a peaceful life.

Navarasa means nine emotions; rasa means emotional state of mind. Nine emotions are Shringara (love/beauty), Hasya (laughter), Karuna(sorrow), Raudra (anger), Veera (heroism/courage), Bhayanaka (terror/fear), Bibhatsa (disgust), Adbutha (surprise/wonder), Shantha (peace or tranquility). These nine emotions are proof of our living and some of us have higher emotional quotients react more, and react impulsively.

Emotions can’t be eradicated but they can be controlled. We need to have control over our emotions, to use the emotions positively, constructively otherwise they will make disasters. Emotional stability gives peace of mind. Navratri, the nine days are exclusively dedicated to Adishakti Maa Durga, and her nine avatars, or nine incarnations of Maa who is epitome of strength, power, courage and women empowerment.

  • The Navratri symbolizes victory of good over evil; which spans nine power-packed nights.
  • Maa is very kind; she loves all her children and shows them the right paths.
  • This Navaratri let’s promise to control our nine emotions so that we can get the blessings of Maa Durga and can be more powerful, courageous to fight against all odds, evils, and injustice and we can defeat any Mahishasura.

Day 1 of Shringara signifies the inner beauty and love that can heal anything. We need to emphasize our inner beauties like truth, honesty, humanity, kindness, and nonviolence etc. It can make our life easy and keep us happy. Similarly, love is our greatest strength, it teaches us sharing, caring to be selfless.

So, love the people around you, love nature, the birds, animals. Love all the creations of God and experience divine love. Day 2 of Hasya, joy or laughter represents happiness which is a state of mind that keeps us content. So, let’s be happy, spread joy. Happiness brings good health, creates positive aura and removes all the negativity from our life.

So let the spark of joy enlighten our lives. Day 3 of Karuna, pity or compassion gives the message that like day comes after night, happiness comes after sorrow. It’s due to sorrow, pain and anguish we can feel the pleasure, happiness. So keep it in mind that this too shall pass, and never be too attached to anything that will make you gloomy, and sad.

Promise not to do anything that will make your life miserable. We must learn to empathize with each other during pain and suffering. Day 4 of Raudra, or Anger that can lead to hatred, violence, aggression, and brutality. A moment of anger can spoil everything. It can create hell out of heaven; it can create more enemies than friends.

So let’s conquer this demon to make our life prosperous. Day 5 is the day of Veera, heroism or courage. Maa Durga is the symbol of heroism, courage, bravery, fearlessness and the biggest warrior to fight with evil powers. Each one of us has a warrior inside.

  • Let’s be brave, strong, courageous, confident, fearless, and raise our voice against injustices.
  • Day 6 of Bhayanaka or fear signifies when we are engulfed, entrapped by fear, self-doubt, insecurity, worries, life becomes out of control, and we lose our inner strength.
  • So, let’s kill this demon by truth, self-confidence, patience, love and knowledge.

Day 7 of Bibhatsa or disgust which is related to self-hatred, self-pity, being judgmental. Let’s calm our body and mind with good values, good and positive thoughts and maintain a form of inner harmony that will balance everything. We can make our life amazing if we keep ourselves away from such negative emotions.

  • Day 8 of Adbutha, or wonder, which means amazement, surprise and the moment we become surprised, curious with something we fall in love with it, we enjoy the little things around us, life around us appears to be wonderful.
  • Life also surprises us with wonderful gifts.
  • Day 9 of Shanta, or peace.
  • It means we need to be calm, peaceful, soothing, and contented.

Inner peace is the biggest strength to lead a happy and healthy life. Similarly, with peace we can overcome hatred, anger, jealousy, bitterness and hard thought. It makes life very easy and comfortable; peace is the doorway to love, luck, goodwill, faith, and friendship.