Archie Battersbee Accident What Happened?
What online challenge did Archie do?
The ‘blackout challenge’ encourages people to film themselves hyperventilating until they pass out on social media, primarily on TikTok. The game essentially involves intentionally cutting off oxygen to the brain, which has been labelled as dangerous by professionals.
Did Archie squeeze his moms hand?
I held my boy’s hand & told him he has more time, says Archie Battersbee’s mum MUM’S HOPE
- Published : 23:34, 20 Jun 2022
- Updated : 3:22, 21 Jun 2022
ARCHIE Battersbee’s mum revealed she held her boy’s hand and told him he “had more time” after they were allowed to challenge a court ruling. Hollie Dance’s son Archie, 12, has been at the centre of a dispute after suffering brain damage earlier this year.6 Archie Battersbee was left brain-damaged in a freak accident 6 Mum Hollie Dance is fighting to keep his life support switched on and has been allowed to challenge a previous court ruling 6 Hollie Dance discovered her son unconscious Credit: PA
- The mum, 46, found the youngster unconscious at the family home in Southend,, on April 7 this year.
- , and doctors say he should be removed from life support after suffering “brain stem death”.
- and stands no chance of making a full recovery.
- Mrs Justice Arbuthnot said doctors could begin to withdraw life support.
But his parents have now been given the go-ahead to take their fight to the Court of Appeal. Hollie, a former fitness instructor, told : “I’m so relieved that someone is giving him a chance. “That’s all we ever wanted, more time to heal. I’m so emotional.
- “I watched it from Archie’s bedside – I made sure he couldn’t hear or see it but I was with him through it.
- “When it finished I held his hand and told him he had been given more time.
- “I can’t stress this enough, if a parent doesn’t want to hold on to hope or they believe it’s not in their child’s best interest, that’s absolutely fine.
- “But I won’t give up hope and it should be a parent’s decision.”
- It comes after mum Hollie claimed from his bed at the Royal London Hospital.
- She begged medics to give the schoolboy a chance to recover and says she knows with her “mother’s instinct” that he is still alive.
- Hollie added: “His heart is still beating, he has gripped my hand, and as his mother and by my mother’s instinct, I know my son is still there.”
- Yesterday Mrs Justice Arbuthnot said there was a “compelling reason” why appeal judges should consider the case.
In a statement outside court last week, the hospital’s Group Chief Medical Officer Alistair Chesser said Archie will be given the “best possible care” while life support is withdrawn. He added: “We are also ensuring that there is time for the family to decide whether they wish to appeal before any changes to care are made.” 6 Hollie discovered her stricken son in his bedroom Credit: PA 6 Archie, pictured with his hand around his mum’s finger, has been in a coma for more than 10 weeks 6 Hollie says Archie has squeezed her hand and his heart is still beating Credit: PA
What is a blackout TikTok challenge?
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia The Blackout challenge is an internet challenge based around a choking game, intending to restrict breathing for a set duration of time. It gained widespread notoriety on TikTok in 2021, primarily among children,
Is Archie’s brain decomposing?
Archie Battersbee: Family says boy ‘gripping mum’s fingers shows he is alive’ – but doctors claim he is ‘brain stem dead’
- The family of a 12-year-old child, who doctors believe is “brain stem dead”, have said footage of him apparently gripping his mother’s fingers is a sign he is alive.
- where a judge is set to decide if he has died and if not, then whether his life-support treatment should continue.
- Doctors treating the child at the Royal London Hospital in Whitechapel, east London, say the treatment should end and the youngster should be disconnected from a ventilator.
- But, from Southend, Essex, say the youngster’s heart is still beating and want the treatment to go on.
- Lawyers representing the hospital’s governing trust, Barts Health NHS Trust, have asked Mrs Justice Arbuthnot to decide what moves are in Archie’s best interests.
- Ms Dance has shown Sky News the videos of her son apparently gripping her finger.
- The trust says it has repeatedly recreated the hold but that clinicians felt “friction” – not a grip, which it says is consistent with muscle stiffness.
In submissions, the trust’s counsel said: “No one is refuting what the family is saying. What the trust is saying is that we hear what the family is saying, we just give them different interpretations.” Image: Archie, 12, is at the centre of a High Court life-support treatment dispute Archie was found by his mother with a ligature around his neck on 7 April at his home and medics think he is “brain stem dead”. The stem lies at the base of the brain above the spinal cord. It is responsible for regulating most of the body’s automatic functions essential for life.
- Doctors treating Archie say his stem is 50% damaged and that 10-20% of it is in necrosis – where cells have died and/or are decaying.
- Ms Fiona Patterson, acting for the trust, said “on balance of probabilities Archie has died as a result of irreversible cessation of brain stem function”.
- “If he has died, the trust seeks further order from the court to stop life-support to preserve his dignity.”
Image: His parents, Hollie Dance (pictured) and Paul Battersbee, say the youngster’s heart is still beating and want the treatment to go on
- Doctors were unable to conduct a brain stem test, the criteria required to declare a patient brain stem dead, because Archie is suspected of having a spinal injury that could lead to false negative results.
- But the trust argues that the brain stem is dead because scans show blood is not flowing to the area.
- They also cite the nature of his injury, the fact Archie needed cardiac support from the ambulance crew and doctors receiving him at Southend Hospital and because he has shown no signs of breathing independently or recovery, as reasons to end treatment.
- Lawyers for Archie’s parents argue that until the entire brain stem is dead, the child is still alive and could make a recovery.
- In submissions heard at the High Court on Wednesday, Bruno Quintavalle, acting on behalf of Ms Dance and Mr Battersbee, said the circumstance of this case have never come before an English court.
- “That the court should declare, in the absence of any certainty, that death has occurred”, he said, “is an extremely serious issue”.
Image: Archie’s brother Tom Summers kisses him on the head in hospital “If he is declared dead but actually isn’t dead, the consequences couldn’t be more grave,” Mr Quintavalle warned. “If someone is alive when organs are harvested (for donation), then that act of removing a beating heart will kill them.”
- Mr Quintavalle argued that for the court to give a declaration of death, in the absence of a brain stem test confirming such and where there isn’t a legal definition of ‘death’ to rely on, would be a “trespass on Parliament’s authority”.
- He urged the court to adopt the criminal standard of liability: beyond reasonable doubt.
Image: Archie pictured prior to the incident in April
- The counsel for the court-appointed guardian, who did not present any evidence during the hearings, said she has relied on witness statements from those treating Archie that he is “overwhelmingly likely”, “likely”, or “highly likely” to be dead.
- Where there is a dispute involving a child, the court appoints a guardian who acts separate to the parents.
Ms Dance told Sky News her son has not been given enough time to recover from a serious brain injury. “I don’t understand the rush,” she said. “I know they haven’t got a lot of beds in hospital, but I don’t understand the rush.” “I know he’s in there and I know all that child needs is time.
Has anyone recovered from brain stem death?
A person who is brain dead has no chance of recovery, because their body is unable to survive without artificial support.
Could Archie have been saved?
What can we learn from the awful tragedy of Archie Battersbee’s death? | Rachel Clarke Y ou quickly learn, as a palliative care doctor, that the moments after someone’s death can be disarming, paradoxical and deeply unnerving. The deceased – if briefly – remains warm, infused with blood and vitality.
As you clasp their hand, you can feel it cooling. These are the remnants of life, physically, awfully, ebbing away. The enormity of these moments has never been captured more poignantly than by Wilfred Owen in his 1918 poem Futility. A soldier, recently killed, looks so alive to Owen that he cannot believe the warmth of the sun will not wake him: “Think how it wakes the seeds– / Woke once the clays of a cold star.
/ Are limbs, so dear-achieved, are sides / Full-nerved, still warm, too hard to stir?” I have thought of those lines many times as the tragic case of Archie Battersbee has played out, often loudly and furiously, across mainstream and social media. For Archie’s parents have faced something that would have been unimaginable to Owen, who was killed in action in 1918.
They live in an era in which the medical advances of the 20th century enable patients to be medically and legally dead and yet spend days, weeks and even months in the no man’s land of mechanical life support, looking for all the world as though they are merely sleeping. Some people have lashed out online at Archie’s parents, Paul Battersbee and Hollie Dance, pouring scorn on their comments and actions.
But until we have faced such a horror ourselves, how on earth can we presume to judge those who do? The key facts of this heartbreaking case are as follows. On 7 April, Archie’s mother found him unconscious at home with a ligature around his neck. He never regained consciousness.
- The clinical team at Barts NHS trust gave him round-the-clock intensive care, including a ventilator, to support the functions such as breathing that are essential to life.
- Initially, as with all patients, Archie’s medical management included a presumption in favour of prolonging life.
- The professional and legal duties of doctors in the UK require nothing less.
However, once the full extent of his injuries became clear – including scans showing catastrophic and irreversible brain damage – the clinical team concluded that prolonging treatment was no longer in Archie’s best interests. His parents believed he could recover, and wanted intensive care to continue. ‘He fought till the end’: Archie Battersbee’s family give statement after his death – video It is rare for parents and doctors to be at loggerheads, despite the disproportionate media coverage such cases can provoke. Usually, they navigate the desperately painful process of withdrawing a child’s treatment together.
- Yet Archie’s parents fundamentally disagreed with his medical team that recovery was impossible because Archie was brain dead.
- Crucially, brain death is not the same as a coma, persistent vegetative state or locked-in syndrome.
- Occasionally, with these conditions, a seemingly miraculously recovery can occur.
But a permanent, irreversible and complete loss of brain function, including the lower part of the brain that connects to the spinal cord. This part, the brain stem, controls most of the body’s automatic functions that are essential for life, such as breathing, heartbeat, blood pressure and swallowing.
- If a person’s brain stem has died – for instance, through prolonged lack of oxygen – their body can only be kept alive with artificial life support; breathing only occurs because mechanical ventilators, invented in the 1950s, forcibly push air in and out of the lungs.
- Mechanical ventilation enables time for the staggeringly altruistic gift of organ donation.
Yet it also generates the immensely painful and bewildering experience for some families of seeing their loved one apparently asleep – chest rhythmically rising and falling – only to be told that they have died. We strive as doctors to be as clear, respectful and compassionate as we possibly can in our communication with relatives.
But there is no avoiding the devastating fact that these patients will never regain consciousness or start breathing on their own again. Archie’s case was complicated by the fact that formal brain stem testing was not possible due to additional damage to his peripheral nerves. However, that his brain stem no longer had blood flowing through it.
It was visibly necrotic. Swelling had even pushed it out of the skull and into the spinal cord, a process known as coning. All this was unbearably harrowing for Archie’s parents. But his life support was not withdrawn because his medical team were callous, dogmatic or cruel.
- Tragically, Archie was a child with no prospect of recovery.
- His doctors did not have the option of flinching from the dreadful details.
- They had to grit their teeth and act dispassionately in what their decades of collective experience informed them was in this child’s best interests.
- That professionalism is in stark contrast to some of the florid and sensationalist coverage of the case.
Ignorant or kneejerk commentary serves only to inflame an already desperate situation, heightening the pain of all concerned, family and professionals alike. Providing medical care to a dying child is hard enough without being subjected to attacks and threats online, as can sometimes happen during these fraught cases.
- My heart goes out to Archie’s team at the Royal London hospital, as well as to his parents.
- When the next case like Archie’s occurs – with an inevitable rerun of the frenzy and drama and whipped-up hostilities – please know that doctors like me agonise over the complex decisions around withdrawal of treatment.
We are just like you, in this respect. Our default instinct is to save, to help. Better yet, before that next case comes, why not explore with your family – including your children – their views on life support in the event of severe brain damage? That way, you can advocate on their behalf with confidence.
Rachel Clarke is a palliative care doctor and the author of : Inside the NHS in a Time of Pandemic Do you have an opinion on the issues raised in this article? If you would like to submit a letter of up to 300 words to be considered for publication, email it to us at
: What can we learn from the awful tragedy of Archie Battersbee’s death? | Rachel Clarke
How long can a brain dead person live off life-support?
Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) – ECMO is also called extracorporeal life support (ECLS). This is due to the machine’s ability to do the job of either just the lungs (veno-venous ECMO) or both the heart and the lungs (veno-arterial ECMO). It’s especially used in infants who have underdeveloped cardiovascular or respiratory systems due to serious disorders.
- Children and adults can also need ECMO.
- ECMO is often a treatment used after other methods have failed, but it can certainly be quite effective.
- As a person’s own heart and lungs strengthen, the machine can be turned down to allow the person’s body to take over.
- In some cases, ECMO may be used earlier in treatment to prevent damage to the lungs from high ventilator settings.
Doctors start life support when it’s clear your body needs help to support your basic survival. This could be because of:
organ failureblood lossan infection that’s become septic
If you’ve left written instructions that you don’t want to be put on life support, the doctor won’t start the process. There are two common types of instructions:
do not resuscitate (DNR)allow natural death (AND)
With a DNR, you won’t be revived or given a breathing tube in the event that you stop breathing or experience cardiac arrest. With AND, the doctor will let nature take its course even if you need medical intervention to stay alive. Every effort will be made to keep you comfortable and pain-free, however.
- With life support technology, we have the ability to keep people alive much longer than we used to.
- But there are cases where difficult decisions about life support may rest with a person’s loved ones.
- Once the brain activity of a person stops, there’s no chance of recovery.
- In cases where there’s no brain activity detected, a doctor may recommend turning off a respirator machine and stopping artificial nutrition.
The doctor will conduct several tests to be completely certain there’s no chance of recovery before making this recommendation. After turning off life support, a person who’s brain-dead will die within minutes, because they won’t be able to breathe on their own.
- If a person is in a permanent vegetative state but not brain-dead, their life support likely consists of fluids and nutrition.
- If these are stopped, it may take anywhere from a few hours to several days for the person’s vital organs to shut down completely.
- When you consider whether to turn off life support, there are many individual factors at play.
You may wish to think about what the person would have wanted. This is called substituted judgment, Another option is to consider what’s in the best interest of your loved one and try to make a decision based on that. No matter what, these decisions are intensely personal.
They’ll also vary according to the medical condition of the person in question. There really are no reliable metrics for the percentage of people who live after life support is administered or withdrawn. The underlying causes of why people go on life support and the age they are when life support is needed makes it impossible to statistically calculate outcomes.
But we do know that certain underlying conditions have good long-term outcomes even after a person has been put on life support. Statistics suggest that people who need CPR after a cardiac arrest can make a full recovery. This is especially true if the CPR they receive is given properly and immediately.
After time spent on a mechanical ventilator, life expectancy predictions become harder to understand. When you’re on a mechanical respirator as part of an end-of-life situation for a long period of time, your chances of surviving without it begin to decrease. A high proportion of people do survive being taken off a ventilator under a doctor’s advice.
What happens after that varies according to diagnosis. In fact, a review of the research available concluded that more studies about long-term outcomes for people who were on a mechanical ventilator are needed. No one wants to feel like “it’s all up to them” as they make a decision about life support for a loved one.
- It’s one of the most difficult and emotional situations that you may find yourself in.
- Remember that it’s not the decision to remove life support that will cause your loved one to pass away; it’s the underlying health condition.
- That condition isn’t caused by you or your decision.
- Talking to other family members, a hospital chaplain, or a therapist is critical in times of grief and stressful decision-making.
Don’t be pressured to make a decision about life support you or the person you’re making it for wouldn’t be comfortable with.