What Do Hedgehogs Eat


What Do Hedgehogs Eat

Hedgehogs are adorable and unique creatures that are known for their spiky appearance and friendly nature. However, when it comes to their diet, hedgehogs have specific dietary needs that need to be met in order to keep them healthy and happy. In this guide, we will explore the various foods that hedgehogs eat and discuss the importance of a balanced diet for their overall nutrition.

Understanding the dietary needs of hedgehogs is crucial for their well-being. Hedgehogs are insectivores, which means that their diet mainly consists of insects, bugs, and other small invertebrates. They have sharp teeth and a strong jaw that allows them to chew and consume these types of food easily. However, it is important to note that hedgehogs are also omnivores, which means that they can consume both plant-based and animal-based foods.

One of the main components of a hedgehog’s diet is protein. This is because protein helps in the growth and repair of their body tissues and is essential for their overall development. Hedgehogs obtain protein from insects like mealworms, crickets, and beetles. These small creatures are not only a great source of protein but also provide a crunchy texture that stimulates their natural foraging behavior. Additionally, hedgehogs can also consume cat or dog food that is high in protein content as a supplement to their insect-based diet.

Another important aspect of a hedgehog’s diet is fiber. Fiber helps in maintaining a healthy digestive system and prevents constipation. Hedgehogs obtain fiber from fruits, vegetables, and high-quality dry cat food that contains a high amount of fiber. Some of the fruits and vegetables that can be included in their diet are apples, carrots, broccoli, and spinach. It is important to note that while hedgehogs can consume fruits and vegetables, they should be given in moderation as these foods can cause digestive issues if given in excess.

In conclusion, a balanced diet is crucial for the overall health and well-being of hedgehogs. It is important to provide them with a mix of protein, fiber, and essential nutrients to meet their dietary needs. Insects, cat or dog food, fruits, and vegetables can be included in their diet to ensure they receive a variety of nutrients. By understanding their dietary needs and providing them with appropriate food, you can help keep your hedgehog happy and healthy for years to come.

Hedgehog Diet: Exploring the Eating Habits of Hedgehogs

Hedgehogs are small, spiky creatures known for their unique eating habits. In the wild, hedgehogs are opportunistic feeders, meaning they will eat a variety of foods depending on what is available to them. Their diet consists mainly of insects, but they also consume other small animals, fruits, and plants.


Insects make up a significant portion of a hedgehog’s diet. They are especially fond of beetles, caterpillars, and earthworms. Hedgehogs have a keen sense of smell, which allows them to locate their favorite foods easily. They use their sharp teeth to catch and consume insects. In addition to being a source of nutrition, hunting for insects also provides mental stimulation for hedgehogs.

Small Animals

Hedgehogs are known to eat small animals, such as mice, frogs, and even snakes. They have a carnivorous instinct and can catch and kill their prey using their sharp teeth. Small animals are an excellent source of protein and essential nutrients for hedgehogs. However, it is essential to note that not all hedgehogs have access to small animals in captivity, so a balanced diet must be provided.

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In captivity, hedgehog owners often feed their pets frozen or live feeder insects, such as mealworms and crickets, as a substitute for the natural prey they would find in the wild.

Fruits and Plants

Hedgehogs also eat a variety of fruits and plants, such as apples, melons, berries, and vegetables like carrots and peas. These foods provide hedgehogs with essential vitamins, minerals, and fiber. It is important to note that fruits and plants should be given in moderation due to their high sugar content.

Hedgehogs are lactose intolerant, so dairy products should be avoided. Additionally, foods high in fat and salt should be limited, as they can lead to health issues in hedgehogs.

In conclusion, hedgehogs have a diverse diet that includes insects, small animals, fruits, and plants. Providing a balanced diet that mimics their natural feeding habits is crucial for their health and well-being.

Natural Food Sources: What Hedgehogs Eat in the Wild

Hedgehogs are omnivores and have a diverse diet in the wild. They consume a variety of natural food sources to meet their nutritional needs. Here are some of the common food sources that hedgehogs eat in their natural habitat:

  • Insects: Hedgehogs primarily feed on insects such as beetles, caterpillars, worms, and slugs. These high-protein sources are an essential part of their diet.
  • Snails: Hedgehogs also consume snails, which provide them with calcium and other nutrients.
  • Frogs and toads: Although not a primary food source, hedgehogs may occasionally eat frogs and toads.
  • Bird eggs: Hedgehogs may raid bird nests to feed on eggs, especially during the breeding season when eggs are abundant.
  • Berries and fruits: In addition to animal protein, hedgehogs also eat a variety of fruits and berries in their natural habitat. These include apples, berries, plums, and pears.
  • Underground plant roots: Hedgehogs often forage for plant roots, which provide them with fiber and other essential nutrients.

It is important to note that the availability of food sources may vary depending on the hedgehog’s natural habitat and geographical location. Hedgehogs are opportunistic feeders and will adapt their diet to what is available in their environment. To ensure a balanced diet in captivity, it is essential to replicate their natural food sources as closely as possible.

Hedgehog Predators: How Diet Affects their Survival

Hedgehogs are small, spiny creatures that have several predators in the wild. The diet of a hedgehog can play a crucial role in their survival and ability to evade these predators. By understanding their natural diet and nutritional needs, we can better understand how to help hedgehogs thrive in their natural habitat.

One of the primary predators of hedgehogs is the fox. Foxes are opportunistic hunters and will readily prey on hedgehogs when given the chance. Hedgehogs rely on their diet to give them the energy and strength to avoid being caught by a fox. A diet that consists of a variety of insects, worms, and other small creatures allows hedgehogs to develop the necessary speed and agility to escape from foxes.

Another predator of hedgehogs is the badger. Badgers are known to dig up and devour hedgehogs that they come across. Hedgehogs have quills as a defense mechanism, but their diet can also contribute to their ability to defend themselves. A diet that is rich in protein and calcium helps hedgehogs grow strong quills that provide better protection against badger attacks.

Birds of prey, such as owls and hawks, are also a threat to hedgehogs. These predators have keen eyesight and can easily spot a hedgehog moving through grass or underbrush. However, a hedgehog’s diet can play a role in their ability to remain hidden from these aerial hunters. A diet that includes natural camouflage, such as insects or vegetation with similar colors to their surroundings, can help hedgehogs blend in and reduce the risk of being spotted by birds of prey.

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In conclusion, the diet of a hedgehog can have a significant impact on their ability to survive in the wild. By providing a nutritionally balanced diet that meets their specific needs, we can help hedgehogs thrive and minimize their risks from predators. Understanding the role of diet in hedgehog survival is key to their conservation and protection in their natural habitat.

Predator Impact on Hedgehogs
Fox Can prey on hedgehogs, but a varied diet helps hedgehogs develop agility to escape.
Badger Known to dig up and devour hedgehogs, but a protein-rich diet helps hedgehogs grow strong quills for better protection.
Birds of Prey Have keen eyesight and can easily spot hedgehogs, but a diet that includes natural camouflage helps hedgehogs blend in.

Feeding Hedgehogs as Pets: The Basics of a Balanced Diet

Feeding Hedgehogs as Pets: The Basics of a Balanced Diet

Feeding your hedgehog a balanced diet is crucial to their overall health and well-being. A well-rounded diet will help prevent nutritional deficiencies and promote a strong immune system. Here are some key guidelines to follow when feeding your pet hedgehog:

1. High-Quality Hedgehog Food

1. High-Quality Hedgehog Food

The foundation of your hedgehog’s diet should be a high-quality commercial hedgehog food. Look for a food that is specifically formulated for hedgehogs and contains a mix of protein, fat, and fiber. Avoid foods that are primarily composed of fillers such as corn or wheat.

2. Insects and Protein

In addition to commercial food, hedgehogs require a source of protein in their diet. Offer them a variety of live or dried insects such as mealworms, crickets, or waxworms. These insects are great sources of protein and help mimic their natural diet. Be sure to source them from reputable suppliers to ensure they are safe for consumption.

3. Fruits and Vegetables

Although hedgehogs are primarily insectivores, they can also benefit from small amounts of fruits and vegetables. Offer them a variety of fresh options such as apples, bananas, berries, carrots, and leafy greens. Chop these items into small, bite-sized pieces to make them easier for your hedgehog to eat.

4. Limited Treats

Hedgehogs love treats, but it’s important to offer them in moderation. Treats should only make up a small portion of your hedgehog’s overall diet. Be cautious of giving them foods that are high in sugar, fat, or salt, as these can cause health issues. Stick to hedgehog-friendly treats or offer them occasional small amounts of cooked meat or eggs as a special treat.

5. Fresh Water

Make sure your hedgehog always has access to clean, fresh water. Use a water dish that is shallow enough for them to reach without the risk of drowning. Check the water dish daily and refill as needed.

Remember, every hedgehog is unique, and their dietary needs may vary slightly. It’s always a good idea to consult with a veterinarian or hedgehog specialist to ensure you are providing the best possible diet for your pet.

What to Avoid: Foods That Are Harmful to Hedgehogs

While there are many foods that hedgehogs can safely consume, there are also several items that should be avoided. These include:

1. Citrus Fruits

Citrus fruits such as oranges, lemons, and grapefruits should never be fed to hedgehogs. The high acidity in these fruits can cause stomach upset and digestive issues for these small mammals.

2. Onions and Garlic

Onions and garlic contain compounds that can be toxic to hedgehogs. These foods can cause damage to their red blood cells and lead to anemia.

3. Chocolate

Chocolate contains theobromine, a compound that is toxic to hedgehogs. Ingesting chocolate can lead to serious health problems, including heart and nervous system issues.

4. Nuts and Seeds

While some nuts and seeds are safe for hedgehogs, many types can be a choking hazard or cause digestive blockages. It is best to avoid feeding them these foods altogether.

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5. Dairy Products

Hedgehogs are lactose intolerant, meaning they cannot properly digest dairy products. Feeding them milk, cheese, or any other dairy item can result in digestive issues and diarrhea.

It is important to remember that hedgehogs have specific dietary needs, and their health can be greatly impacted by the foods they consume. Always consult with a veterinarian or professional before introducing any new foods into their diet.

Supplementing Their Diet: Understanding the Role of Vitamins and Minerals

Hedgehogs require a balanced diet that provides them with all the essential nutrients, including vitamins and minerals. While their diet should primarily consist of high-quality hedgehog food, it is important to supplement their diet with certain vitamins and minerals to ensure their overall health and well-being.

One vital mineral for hedgehogs is calcium. Calcium plays a crucial role in maintaining healthy bones and teeth. To provide hedgehogs with adequate calcium, you can offer them calcium-rich foods such as cuttlebone or eggshells. However, it is important to crush the eggshells finely before offering them to your hedgehog to prevent choking hazards. Alternatively, you can also find powdered calcium supplements specifically made for hedgehogs at pet stores.

Vitamin D is another essential nutrient for hedgehogs. It aids in the absorption of calcium and helps regulate their immune system. Hedgehogs can obtain vitamin D naturally through exposure to sunlight. However, if your hedgehog does not have access to natural sunlight, you can consider using artificial UVB lights to provide them with the necessary vitamin D. It is important to consult with a veterinarian to determine the appropriate dosage and lighting setup for your hedgehog.

In addition to calcium and vitamin D, hedgehogs also require a variety of other vitamins and minerals to maintain optimal health. These include vitamins A, E, and C, as well as iron, magnesium, and zinc. While some of these vitamins and minerals can be found in hedgehog food, supplementing their diet with fresh fruits and vegetables can help ensure they receive a diverse range of nutrients.

However, it is important to note that not all fruits and vegetables are safe for hedgehogs. Some common fruits and vegetables that are safe for hedgehogs to consume include apples, carrots, bananas, and peas. It is crucial to do thorough research and consult with a veterinarian to determine which fruits and vegetables are safe for your hedgehog and to introduce them gradually into their diet.

Overall, supplementing a hedgehog’s diet with appropriate vitamins and minerals is essential for their overall health and well-being. It is important to have a balanced approach and consult with a veterinarian to ensure your hedgehog is receiving the correct dosage and variety of nutrients. With proper supplementation, you can help your hedgehog thrive and lead a healthy, active life.


What do hedgehogs eat in the wild?

In the wild, hedgehogs eat a variety of food including insects, worms, small mammals, reptiles, and even some plant matter.

Can hedgehogs eat cat food?

Yes, hedgehogs can eat cat food as a part of their diet. However, it should be a high-quality cat food that is low in fat and does not contain any harmful additives.

Do hedgehogs need vitamins or supplements?

Hedgehogs usually do not need any additional vitamins or supplements if they are fed a balanced diet. However, it is recommended to provide them with a calcium supplement to support their bone health.

Can hedgehogs eat fruits and vegetables?

Yes, hedgehogs can eat some fruits and vegetables as a part of their diet. However, it is important to avoid feeding them any acidic or citrus fruits as it may cause digestive issues.

How often should I feed my hedgehog?

You should feed your hedgehog once or twice a day with a small amount of food. It is important not to overfeed them as it can lead to obesity and health problems.