What Do Foxes Eat


What Do Foxes Eat

Foxes are known for their cunning nature and their ability to adapt to different environments. One key aspect of their survival is their diet. Foxes are omnivorous creatures, which means they eat both plants and animals. However, their diet can vary depending on the fox species and the geographic location they inhabit.

A common misconception is that foxes are strictly carnivores. While it is true that they primarily consume meat, they are opportunistic eaters and will also eat fruits, berries, and other vegetation as part of their diet. In fact, certain types of foxes, such as the red fox, have been known to have a more diverse diet compared to others.

Small mammals, such as rabbits, mice, and squirrels, make up a significant portion of a fox’s diet. They are skilled hunters and will use their incredible agility, speed, and acute sense of hearing to catch their prey. Foxes are also known to eat birds, eggs, and insects. They have even been observed digging into the ground to catch worms and other underground invertebrates.

In addition to animal protein, foxes also consume a variety of plant matter. They are known to eat fruits, such as apples and berries, as well as vegetables, including roots and tubers. This plant matter provides them with essential nutrients, vitamins, and minerals that aid in their overall health and well-being.

Overall, foxes have a diverse and adaptable diet that includes both plant and animal sources. Their ability to thrive in various environments is partly due to their opportunistic eating habits. From small mammals and birds to fruits and vegetables, foxes have a wide range of food options available to them, making them highly adaptable predators in the animal kingdom.

What Do Foxes Eat in the Wild?

Foxes are highly adaptable creatures and their diet can vary depending on their habitat and the availability of prey. In the wild, foxes are opportunistic hunters and scavengers.

Small mammals:

One of the main components of a fox’s diet in the wild is small mammals, such as mice, rabbits, voles, and squirrels. Foxes are skilled at locating and catching these fast and agile animals.

Birds and eggs:

Foxes will also eat birds and their eggs when the opportunity arises. They may raid nests or catch birds on the ground. Foxes are known to target ground-nesting birds and waterfowl.

Insects and invertebrates:

Insects and invertebrates provide an important food source for foxes, especially during the warmer months. They will eat beetles, grasshoppers, worms, and even snails.

Fruits and berries:

In addition to animal prey, foxes will also consume fruits and berries, especially in the late summer and early fall. This helps supplement their diet with essential vitamins and minerals.

It’s important to note that foxes are not solely carnivorous. They have a flexible diet and are known to scavenge on carrion, as well as consume some plant matter. They are adaptable eaters and will make use of whatever resources are available to them in their environment.

Overall, foxes eat a varied diet in the wild, consisting of small mammals, birds, insects, fruits, and berries. Their ability to adapt and take advantage of different food sources is what makes them such successful and widespread predators.

Carnivorous Diet of Foxes

Foxes are known for being carnivores, meaning they primarily feed on meat. While they are opportunistic eaters and may occasionally consume plant matter, their diet consists mainly of small mammals such as mice, voles, rabbits, and squirrels.

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Additionally, foxes are skilled hunters and have been known to eat birds, reptiles, and amphibians. They are also scavengers and will feed on carrion if it is available.

Foxes are agile and cunning predators, using their keen sense of hearing and smell to locate their prey. They will pounce on their victims with precision and deliver a swift bite to the neck, instantly killing their prey.

The diet of a fox may vary depending on its habitat and the availability of prey. In urban areas, foxes may also scavenge in garbage bins and consume human food waste.

In conclusion, foxes have a carnivorous diet, consisting mainly of small mammals. They are skilled hunters and scavengers, able to adapt to different food sources depending on their environment.

Small Mammals as Main Prey

Small Mammals as Main Prey

Foxes have a diverse diet that includes a wide range of small mammals. These small mammals serve as the main prey for foxes and are an essential part of their diet. Foxes are skilled hunters and have adapted to catch and consume various types of small mammals.


One of the most common small mammals consumed by foxes are rodents. This group includes mice, voles, squirrels, and rats. Foxes have keen senses and are able to locate and capture rodents with precision. They often stalk their prey before pouncing on it and delivering a fatal bite.

Rabbits and Hares

Rabbits and hares are also a significant part of a fox’s diet, especially in areas where they are abundant. Foxes are quick and agile predators, allowing them to catch these swift and elusive prey. They can track rabbits and hares through scent, sight, and sound and can chase them down over long distances.

In addition to rodents, rabbits, and hares, foxes may also consume other small mammals such as shrews, moles, and even small carnivores like weasels. Their ability to adapt their hunting techniques and diet to the availability of prey ensures their survival in different environments.

It is important to note that the diet of foxes can vary depending on their geographic location and the time of year. In some regions, foxes may also feed on birds, insects, fruits, and carrion when small mammals are scarce.

Overall, small mammals serve as the main prey for foxes and play a crucial role in their diet. Understanding the feeding habits and preferences of foxes helps in conserving their populations and maintaining a balance in the ecosystem.

Birds and Eggs in Foxes’ Menu

While foxes are primarily opportunistic carnivores, their diet is not limited solely to small mammals. Birds and eggs are also a part of their menu. Although birds and eggs may not be as common in a fox’s diet as rodents or rabbits, they do provide a valuable source of nutrients for these crafty canines.

When it comes to birds, foxes mainly target ground-nesting species such as pheasants, grouses, and quails. These ground-dwelling birds make easy targets for foxes due to their habit of nesting in shallow depressions on the ground. Foxes are also known to prey on smaller birds that nest in trees or shrubs, such as sparrows and finches.

As for eggs, foxes will raid the nests of various bird species, including waterfowl and game birds, to obtain this highly nutritious food source. They are particularly fond of raiding the nests of ground-nesting birds, as these are easier to locate and access. A fox can consume several eggs in a single feeding, providing them with a concentrated source of protein and other essential nutrients.

To illustrate the significance of birds and eggs in a fox’s diet, let’s take a look at the data from a recent study conducted on foxes in the wild. The study found that birds and eggs made up approximately 10% of the foxes’ diet during certain times of the year. While this may seem relatively low compared to other food sources, it still highlights the importance of birds and eggs in their overall diet.

It’s worth noting that foxes are not solely dependent on birds and eggs for sustenance. They have a diverse diet that includes a wide range of prey, such as small mammals, insects, fruits, and carrion. However, birds and eggs provide them with a valuable supplement to their diet, particularly during times when other food sources may be scarce or inaccessible.

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Bird Species Preyed Upon by Foxes
Pheasants Yes
Grouses Yes
Quails Yes
Sparrows Yes
Finches Yes
Waterfowl Yes
Game Birds Yes

Insects: Unexpected Addition to Foxes’ Diet

Insects: Unexpected Addition to Foxes' Diet

When it comes to the diet of foxes, insects may not immediately come to mind, but they are actually an important part of a fox’s diet. Foxes are opportunistic eaters and will consume a wide variety of prey, including insects. Insects provide a source of protein, vitamins, and minerals that are essential for the foxes’ health and survival.

Some of the common insects that foxes consume include beetles, grasshoppers, crickets, and caterpillars. They have also been known to eat ants, termites, and other small insects that they can find in their natural habitats. Foxes are excellent hunters and have the ability to track down and catch insects, even those that are hidden beneath the ground or in leaf litter.

Insects play an important role in the ecosystem, and foxes help to keep their populations in check. By preying on insects, foxes help to control their numbers and prevent them from becoming pests. This is especially beneficial in agricultural areas where certain insects can cause damage to crops.

While insects may not be the primary food source for foxes, they are certainly a valuable addition to their diet. Foxes have adapted to take advantage of the availability of insects in their environment, and they play an important role in the overall balance of the ecosystem.

Common Insects Consumed by Foxes

Foxes’ Fondness for Fruits and Berries

Foxes are known for their diverse diet, which includes not only meat and insects but also fruits and berries. While carnivorous by nature, foxes are opportunistic eaters and will consume plant-based foods when available.

One of the fruits that foxes are particularly fond of is the blackberry. These juicy, sweet berries are a favorite among many animals, including foxes. Foxes will seek out blackberry patches and feast on the ripe fruit, enjoying the burst of flavor and the high sugar content.

In addition to blackberries, foxes also enjoy other fruits such as apples and pears. They have been observed scavenging fallen fruit from orchards and even raiding gardens for a tasty treat. Foxes have a keen sense of smell and can detect fruit even when it is not easily visible.

Benefits of Fruit in a Fox’s Diet

Fruit provides a valuable source of nutrients for foxes. While they primarily rely on meat for their protein intake, fruits offer essential vitamins and minerals. Fruits are rich in antioxidants, which support the fox’s immune system and help protect against diseases.

Fruits and berries also provide hydration for the fox, especially during dry periods. They contain a high water content that helps keep the fox hydrated and aids in digestion.

Foxes as Seed Dispersers

When foxes consume fruits and berries, they also play a crucial role in seed dispersal. After eating the fruit, foxes will often travel away from the source, carrying the undigested seeds in their droppings. This helps to spread the seeds over a greater distance, allowing for the growth and diversification of plant populations.

  • Blackberries
  • Apples
  • Pears

In conclusion, while foxes are primarily carnivorous, they do have a fondness for fruits and berries. These plant-based foods offer nutritional benefits and contribute to the overall diversity of the fox’s diet. So, don’t be surprised if you spot a fox indulging in a ripe berry or two!

Scavenging and Opportunistic Feeding Habits

While foxes are primarily carnivorous, they are also known for their scavenging and opportunistic feeding habits. This means that they are not solely reliant on hunting and killing their prey, but they will also take advantage of any readily available food sources.

Foxes are highly adaptable and can survive in a wide range of habitats, from urban areas to forests. This adaptability allows them to find food in various forms, including scavenging for carrion and taking advantage of human garbage.

Scavenging Carrion

One of the ways foxes satisfy their dietary needs is by scavenging for carrion, which is the decaying flesh of dead animals. Foxes have keen senses of smell and can detect carrion from a distance. They will consume the remains of larger animals, such as deer or rabbits, that they come across. This scavenging behavior allows foxes to acquire vital nutrients without exerting much energy.

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Opportunistic Feeding on Garbage

In urban and suburban areas, foxes have learned to take advantage of human-created food sources, such as garbage. They are known to raid trash cans and dumpsters in search of discarded food items. This behavior is not only beneficial for foxes but also serves as a reminder to properly secure garbage to prevent attracting wildlife.

In addition to scavenging carrion and feeding on garbage, foxes will also prey on small mammals, birds, reptiles, amphibians, and insects. This diverse diet allows them to adapt to different environments and find food sources that are available.

Influence of Seasonal Availability of Food on Foxes

The diet of foxes can vary depending on the season and the availability of food sources. Foxes are opportunistic feeders and adapt their diet to what is available in their habitat. Understanding how the availability of food changes throughout the year is important for understanding the diet of foxes.


In the spring, foxes have access to a wide range of food sources. This includes small mammals, such as rabbits and rodents, which are more active during this time of year. Foxes also feed on birds, eggs, insects, and fruits that are starting to become available. The abundance of food in the spring allows foxes to provide for their young and ensures the survival of the next generation.


In the summer, foxes continue to feed on small mammals, birds, and insects. However, the availability of food sources may decrease compared to spring. This is because some animals may have already dispersed or become less active. Foxes may also increase their consumption of fruits and berries during the summer months as they ripen and become more readily available.


The fall is a critical time for foxes as they prepare for the upcoming winter months. Food sources, such as small mammals and birds, may become scarcer. Foxes will actively search for and store food during this time to ensure they have enough resources to survive the winter. They may also consume more carrion and scavenged food during this time.


In the winter, the availability of food for foxes is greatly reduced. Snow cover may make it more difficult for foxes to locate prey, especially small mammals that make up a significant portion of their diet. Foxes may rely more on scavenging and consuming carrion during this time. They may also feed on stored food from the fall, such as cached prey or stored fruits and berries.

Season Primary Food Sources
Spring Small mammals, birds, insects, fruits
Summer Small mammals, birds, insects, fruits, berries
Fall Small mammals, birds, carrion, stored food
Winter Carrion, stored food, scavenged food

Overall, the seasonal availability of food plays a significant role in the diet of foxes. They adjust their feeding habits and rely on different food sources depending on what is accessible during each season. Understanding these patterns is essential for studying and conserving fox populations.


What is the typical diet of foxes?

Foxes are omnivorous creatures, which means that they eat both meat and plants. They have a varied diet that includes small mammals, birds, insects, fruits, and vegetables.

Do foxes only eat meat?

No, foxes are not strictly carnivorous. They also eat fruits, vegetables, and insects as part of their diet.

What are the favorite prey of foxes?

Foxes have a wide range of favorite prey, but some common ones include rabbits, rodents, birds, and fish. They are also known to eat small reptiles and amphibians.

Do foxes scavenge for food?

Yes, foxes are opportunistic feeders and will scavenge for food if they have the chance. They are known to eat carrion, which is the decaying flesh of dead animals.

Are there any plants that foxes eat?

Yes, foxes eat a variety of plants. Some common examples include berries, apples, plums, and grass. They may also eat vegetables from gardens if they are easily accessible.

What do foxes eat?

Foxes have a varied diet, which includes small mammals, birds, insects, fruits, and carrion.