One Rank One Pension Table
- 1 What is an example of a one rank one pension?
- 2 What is the latest circular on OROP?
- 3 What is a single person’s pension in the UK?
- 4 What is Circular 666?
- 5 How many years do you need for pension?
- 6 What is the Pcda circular number 667?
- 7 What is the circular number 502?
What is the latest case of one rank one pension?
On March 16th 2022, the SC upheld the OROP policy as proposed by the Union Government. On March 16th 2022, a Bench comprising Justices D.Y. Chandrachud and Surya Kant upheld the ‘One Rank One Pension’ (OROP) policy as proposed by the Union Government.
What is an example of a one rank one pension?
What is One Rank One Pension Scheme? – One Rank One Pension (OROP) implies the payment of the same pension to armed forces personnel for the same rank and the same length of service, irrespective of the date of retirement.
To explain this system, let us take an example. An officer who has been in service for 15 years (from 1985 to 2000), and retired in 2000 would get the same pension as an officer who retired in 2010 and was in service from 1995 to 2010 (15 years). Before this system, the prevailing system for calculating the personnel’s pension was based on the last salary drawn.
Here, the length of the service did not matter and what was taken into consideration was the last salary received by the personnel. The problem here was that a lieutenant general who retired in 1995 would be receiving a pension that is almost 10% lower than a colonel who retired after 2006, even if they had the same length of service. To take another example, a jawan who retired in 1995 would get almost 80% less pension than his counterpart who retired after 2006.
The demand for OROP by ex-servicemen was to get rid of this disparity in pensions. Even though this demand of the armed forces retired personnel has been in the picture for many decades, the topic has gained traction among the mainstream owing to the political parties taking it up in their election manifestos.
What is the latest circular on OROP?
Department of Ex-servicemen Welfare | Ministry of Defence | Government of India
|S.No.||Name||Issue Date||Details/ Download|
|1.||Issue raised by Ex-Serviceman / Associations -reg||20.07.2023|
|2.||Separate table no.8 issued with OROP letter dated 20.01.2023||18.05.2023|
|3.||One Rank One Pension to the Defence Pensioners||28.04.2023|
|4.||One Rank One Pension to the Defence Pensioners||20.01.2023|
|5.||Next revision of pension of Defence Forces Personnel/ family pensioner under One Rank One Pension(OROP)||04.01.2023|
Department of Ex-servicemen Welfare | Ministry of Defence | Government of India
What is the Roman rank one pension?
What is One Rank, One Pension Scheme? The One Rank, One Pension (OROP) Scheme ensures that military personnel who retire with the same rank and serve for the same period receive the same amount of pension, irrespective of the date of their retirement.
What is the latest Supreme Court judgment on pension?
The last date for eligible employees to apply for higher pension from the Employees’ Pension Scheme (EPS) is fast approaching. But there is still no clarity on how certain eligible individuals can opt for it. According to the Supreme Court judgment, eligible employees can opt for higher pension from EPS within 4 months of the date of the judgment.
- The verdict came on November 4, 2022, which makes the last date for applying for higher EPS pension March 3, 2023.
- With less than 20 days to go, the Employees’ Provident Fund Organisation (EPFO) is yet to issue a circular regarding the process of opting for higher pension from EPS.
- According to the Supreme Court judgment, there are two categories of employees who are eligible to apply for higher pension.
The first category is of employees who were members of the EPS prior to September 1, 2014, had opted for higher pension from EPS, were already making contributions to EPS on basic salary exceeding the relevant limit but their request for higher pension was rejected by EPFO.
- The second category is of employees who were members of EPS as on September 1, 2014, but missed the opportunity to opt for higher pension from EPS by submitting the required application form.
- The EPFO has issued a circular for the first category of employees on December 29, 2022, clarifying the eligibility conditions and the process of applying for the higher pension.
It has also activated the link on the unified portal for this process. However, for the second category of employees, the EPFO is yet to issue a circular clarifying the process of filing applications. ET Wealth reached out to experts to know why the EPFO has not issued a circular yet and what eligible employees can do with the deadline just around the corner.
Anshul Prakash, Partner, Employment Labour & Benefits, Khaitan & Co, says, “While it is difficult to comment on specific reasons for the absence of any circular with the required guidance, various employers have devised their own format of joint option or application form and are facilitating and endorsing such duly executed applications of its eligible and interested employees so that these can be submitted to the EPFO before the expiry of the deadline of March 3, 2023.
It needs to be seen how the EPFO would respond to such applications.” In August 2014, the EPFO issued a notification that raised the wage ceiling limit to Rs 15,000 from Rs 6,500. It also restricted employees from joining EPS if their basic salary at the time of joining EPF exceeds Rs 15,000.
The notification also discontinued the option for existing members to apply for higher pension by making higher contributions. However, not many existing employees were aware of the existence of option to become eligible for higher pension by contributing higher part of wages toward EPS before September 1, 2014.
Hence, they missed the less widely known opportunity to opt for higher pension. EPS members, who were aware of this option and whose applications for higher pension were rejected by the EPFO had gone to court to challenge the rejection. Saraswathi Kasturirangan, Partner, Deloitte India, says, “The Supreme Court ruling provided an option to employees to choose higher contributions to pension on a retroactive basis.
- This option would be available to employees who have been EPS members as on September 1, 2014, as well as those who had retired from service prior to September 1, 2014, provided they had opted to contribute on higher wages, but the EPF authorities had rejected the same.
- The court had mandated the PF department to come out with guidelines for the latter category within 8 weeks of the judgment.
However, there was no corresponding requirement for continuing employees, this could be due to the fact that the Supreme Court had mentioned that it was pronouncing its order under Article 142 of the Constitution that vests it with discretionary powers to issue decree or pass orders as necessary for doing complete justice.
- Such orders shall be enforceable throughout the country in the manner prescribed.
- The Supreme Court has provided a four-month window (till March 3, 2023) for members to opt for higher contribution to pension.
- Recently, the Madras High Court also held that ‘the employer need not wait for any circular from the provident fund department and the law declared by the apex court is the law of the land’.
The court has further held that ‘the employer is bound to exercise the joint option along with the employees’ and the PF office has to act on such filings. Keeping this in mind, employers may need to enhance employee awareness on this topic and support them in the joint filings as the window for exercising the option for higher pension will be closed after March 3, 2023.” Experts do not rule out the possibility of the deadline being extended.
Dr PV Ramana Murthy, Head of Labour & Employment at law firm Economic Laws Practice, says, “We understand that in the meeting with EPF members held on February 10, 2023, the EPFO said they are working towards issuing a circular soon.” The EPFO has also conveyed to the members that it is hopeful of getting an extension so that every member can submit the option in time, says Murthy.
“We opine that since the EPFO is actively working on this matter, the members may wait till the circular is issued,” he adds. (Your legal guide on estate planning, inheritance, will and more.) Download The Economic Times News App to get Daily Market Updates & Live Business News.
How much pension does one get?
Pension – The minimum eligibility period for receipt of pension is 10 years. A Central Government servant retiring in accordance with the Pension Rules is entitled to receive pension on completion of at least 10 years of qualifying service. In the case of Family Pension the widow is eligible to receive family pension on death of her spouse after completion of one year of continuous service or even before completion of one year if the Government servant had been examined by the appropriate Medical Authority and declared fit for Government service.W.e.f 1.1.2006, Pension is calculated with reference to emoluments (i.e.last basic pay) or average emoluments (i.e.
- Average of the basic pay drawn during the last 10 months of the service) whichever is more beneficial.
- The amount of pension is 50% of the emoluments or average emoluments whichever is beneficial.
- Minimum pension presently is Rs.9000 per month,
- Maximum limit on pension is 50% of the highest pay in the Government of India (presently Rs.1,25,000) per month.
Pension is payable up to and including the date of death.
What is a single person’s pension in the UK?
Your State Pension amount depends on your National Insurance record. Check your State Pension forecast to find out how much you could get and when, The full new State Pension is £203.85 per week. The only reasons you can get more than the full State Pension are if:
you have over a certain amount of Additional State Pension you defer (delay) taking your State Pension
If you reached State Pension age before 6 April 2016, you’ll get a different amount under the basic State Pension rules, You can still get a State Pension if you have other income like a personal pension or a workplace pension, You might have to pay tax on your State Pension,
What is a single tier pension in the UK?
If you contribute entirely to the new single-tier scheme, it will replace today’s complicated state pension with a single amount based on 35 qualifying years of National Insurance contributions. If you have fewer than 35 years when you reach State Pension age you will get a pro-rata amount.
What is Circular 666?
PCDA Circular No.666: Implementation of One Rank One Pension (OROP) revision to the Defence Pensioners PCDA Circular No.666: Implementation of One Rank One Pension (OROP) revision to the Defence Pensioners Govt Emp Corner Circular No.666 Dated: 20.01.2023 1. The Chief Accountant, RBI, Deptt. of Govt, Bank Accounts, Central Office C-7, Second Floor, Bandra – Kurla COlllplex, P B No.8143, Bandra East Mumbai- 400051 2. All CMDs, Public Sector Bank.~.3. The Nodal Officers, ICICIIHDFC/AXIS/IDBI Banks 5.
Military and Air Attache, Indiun Embassy. Kuthmundu, Nepal 6. The PCDA (WC), Chandigarh 9. The Director of Treasury, All States 10. The Pay and Accounts Officer, Dellii Administration, R K Puram and Tis Hazari, 11. The Pay and Accounts Office, Govt. of Mahurushtra, Mumbai 12. The Post Master Kathuu (J&K). Cump Bell Buy.13.
The Principal Pay and Accounts Officer Andaman and Nicobar Administration Subject:-Implementation of One Rank One Pension (OROP) revision to the Defence pensioners w.e.f.01.07.2019. Reference:- Gol, MoD letters No. I ( I )/20 19/D(Pen/Pol)1V01-1I dated 20.01.2023.
- A copy of Government or Indiu, Ministry of Defence letter No.
- I (I )/20 19/D(Pen/Pol)1V01-1I dated 20.01.2023 and Gol, MoD letter No \(1)/20 I 9/D(Pen/ Pol dated 04.01.2023 on the above subject are forwarded herewith for information and necessary action which are self explanatory.2.
- The above Government letters have been issued to implement ‘One Rank One Pension’ (OROP) revision for Defence Pensioners/Family Pensioners in continuance to earlier Gov!.
order on the subject dated 03.02.2016 circulated vide this office Circular No.555 dated 04.02.2016. All the implementing instructions mentioned therein shall equally apply on this order until not specially specified herein.3. The revision of pension in terms of the above Government Orders shall be effective from 01.07.2019 and payment of arrears accrued on account of revision of pension, if any, shall be made in four equal half yearly instalments.
Do Roman soldiers get paid?
By Tom Welch – Volunteer Guide Since 1970, the Vindolanda site has given up some fabulous finds, in particular the famous wooden writing tablets, large amounts of leather shoes, tools, jewellery and many other artefacts together with approximately 2600 Roman coins, some dating back to the Roman republic.
Currency for most of the Roman Empire, including the republican period, consisted of gold, silver, bronze, orichalcum and copper coinage. During this period, currency saw many changes in form, denomination and composition. One of the prominent changes over time was the debasement and replacement of coins over the centuries.
Due to the geographical extent of the empire, Roman currency was widespread, and it was extensively used even up to the middle ages, serving as model for many systems of trade and goods’ exchange. The influence of Roman coinage extends to today. The word ‘mint’, for example, is linked to the manufacture of silver coins in Rome in 269 BCE, near to the temple of Juno Moneta, the goddess who became the personification of money. The Romans were heavily influenced by ideas from the Greek civilisation. One example of this is the adoption of Greek gods and Greek images on coins. The first Roman coin bearing the image of a person was that of Julius Caesar and, despite Caesar not being an ‘emperor’ in the proper sense of the term, his tradition continued throughout the Empire.
Coins bearing the image of the Emperor, signified not only his power but also the importance the state gave to the ruler, making him appear almost god-like. This was both publicity for the Emperor and Rome itself, a unifying display of the dominance of the Roman ways as well as an opportunity for the Emperor to demand loyalty.
The reverse of most Roman coins illustrated the manner in which the Emperor was closely associated with the gods and Roman victories in battle. On many coins, Emperors were clothed in armour with garlands on their heads. Some of the Emperors who ruled for a short period, made sure that their image appeared on the coins soon after their rise in status.
- Even today our British coins illustrate the monarch with a crown and on some earlier coins, Britannia displaying a similar dominance and power.
- Writing in the mid second century BCE, Polybius (1) estimated soldiers’ pay being around two obols (2) a day which during the year would equate to 120 denarii and for a cavalryman’s pay at 180 denarii.
Obviously, the value of the money and its purchasing power was dependent of the economic circumstances of the time. When Caesar came to power, he doubled the pay and the annual rate became 225 denarii and it remained at this rate until the time of Domitian.
Polybius tells us that substantial stoppages were deducted for food, clothing and replacement of alms. The net amount would have to be satisfactory or mutiny would have broken out, as in some cases it did. The next improvement in pay was made by Domitian, who increased the pay by one-third by adding a fourth stipendium.
Soldiers’ pay was made in three instalments of 75 denarii in January, May and September. Domitian changed the intervals to three monthly and thus increased pay to 300 denarii. Under Severus he raised pay once more to an estimated 450 denarii, Caracalla gave a substantial increase of 50% probably to 675 denarii.
- Dependent on what rank and position legionary and auxiliary soldiers held was relative to the pay scale, for example, duplicarius alae (3) and sesquiplicarius alae (4) received two and a half the basic rate.
- A Roman papyrus recovered dated around AD 192 provides evidence for payment to auxiliary troops at 100 denarii, which is one-third of legionary pay.
Centurion’s pay at the lowest level was in the region of 3,750 denarii a year with the primus pilus (5) earning as much as 15000 denarii, a pay which secured his services and marked his responsibility to the Emperor of the day. Emperors depended, amongst other factors, upon military loyalties, hence the pay rises when they came to power. The AD 213 fort constructed at Vindolanda by the Forth Cohort of Gauls, contains within the Headquarters ( principia) a strongroom and a secure pay office whereby soldiers would have assembled to receive their pay. This was indeed a bank doubling up as a pay office.
One could consider that this section of the building to be too elaborate, only to be used four times a year, therefore it is thought that it was used regularly by the soldiers to withdraw funds in between pay days. During excavations, a number of dice and board games have been found in all layers of the site’s occupation, which indicates that a lot of gambling was taking place.
There is also evidence at Chesters Fort that troopers escorted pay wagons from Eboracum (York). The first Roman bridge over the North Tyne was replaced around AD 160 to afford access across the river for heavy oxen drawn two wheeled wagons containing coinage and supplies.
- At the same time a strongroom was constructed in the Headquarters building at Chesters’.
- The coinage was drawn into the strongroom, deep rut marks, particularly on the left, can be found on the threshold of the double entrance doors to the building.
- It is possible that this was designed as a bank, containing coinage for more than just the fort at Chesters? And who better to escort the coins from Eboracum than cavalry troopers? It is interesting to note that Vindolanda was not isolated in the landscape, but part of a wider community with which it shared practices such as the handling and storing of money.
Under Roman rule, Britain saw the first established towns, which became centres of economic development as well as the large country villas and farms found in the South. The latter produced the cereals and meat products which would partially contribute to sustain a substantial military presence, particularly on the Northern Frontier.
The north, due to its remote geographical position and wild terrain, may not have been able to produce food sufficient to support the thousands of troops stationed there and therefore much of the foodstuffs were transported in, sometimes from as far away as the continent. In many ways, the economic activity conducted at forts on Hadrian’s Wall mirrored that taking place in small Roman towns.
An altar from the Vindolanda site records the curia Textoverdi, ‘the assembly of the Textoverdi’, which indicates that the vicus community was organised in such a way that copied some of the larger urban communities found further South, both on an economic and a socio-political level.
- The writing also contribute to illustrating the varied economic activity conducted at Vindolanda.
- Transaction taking place at the site involved not only the military, but also many merchants trading with the army and even indeed individual suppliers.
- The most interesting tablet (596) on this subject is a list of purchases that includes the prices and the unit cost of the goods in precise detail.
The goods listed from a saddle 12 denarii, two reins 3 ½ denarii each, a number of bags and bowls at various cost, 6 cloaks 11 ½ denari i each and several bolts of cloth of different colours. This blog has been written as part of our Roman Holiday Project.
- You can purchase our book – Coins of Roman Emperors found at Vindolanda or you can read another blog on coins from Vindolanda,
- 1) Polybius- Greek historian 200-118 BCE ‘The Histories’ (2) Four obols – represented 1denarii (3) Duplicarius alae – cavalry soldier receiving double pay, a lae – Cavalry unit of auxiliary troops (4) Sesquiplicarius alae -third in command to the Decurion (5) Primus pilus – Senior centurion (first spear) of the legion (6) Signifer -Standard-bearer also could be the legionaries banker and was paid twice the basic wage Bibliography 1 Vindolanda (Extraordinary records of daily life on the Northern Frontier) Robin Birley 2015 2nd Ed.2 Coronium Museum Guide Book 2015 3 Vindolanda’s Treasures.
Robin Birley 2008 4 Tabulae Vindolandenses 111 A.K. Bowman, J.D. Thomas, Writing Tablets 5 The Roman Soldier G.R. Watson Thames and Hudson 1982 6 Later Roman Britain. Stephen Johnson 1980 7 Roman Britain. Guy De La Bedoyere 8 Life and Letters on the Roman Frontier.
How many years do you serve in the Roman army?
How was the army organised? – Most soldiers in the Roman Empire came from countries outside Italy. There were soldiers from Africa, France, Germany, Spain and the Middle East.
Only men could be in the Roman Army, no women were allowed. There were two main types of Roman soldiers: legionaries and auxiliaries, The legionaries were the elite (very best) soldiers. A legionary had to be over 17 years old and a Roman citizen. Every new recruit had to be fighting fit – anyone who was weak or too short was rejected.
Legionaries signed up for at least 25 years’ service. But if they survived their time, they were rewarded with a gift of land they could farm. Old soldiers often retired together in military towns, called ‘colonia’, An auxiliary was a soldier who was not a Roman citizen. He was only paid a third of a legionary’s wage. Auxiliaries guarded forts and frontiers but also fought in battles, often in the front lines where it was the most dangerous.
Re-enactors with Roman shields.
How is higher pension calculated?
The formula to calculate higher pension is pensionable salary multiplied by pensionable years and divided by 70. It is important to note that the EPS pension amount is subject to a maximum monthly limit set by the government.
How many years do you need for pension?
Men born before 1945 and women born before 1950 – If you are a man born before 1945 or a woman born before 1950 you need:
more than 30 qualifying years to get the full basic State Pension a minimum number of years to get any State Pension
The minimum number of years is usually 11 years for men born before 1945 and 10 years for women born before 1950.
What is the Pcda circular number 667?
PCDA Circular No 667 Dated 28.02.2023: Subject:-Implementation of One Rank One Pension (OROP) revision to the Defencepensioners w.e.f.01.07.2019 PCDA Circular No 667 Dated 28.02.2023: Subject:-Implementation of One Rank One Pension (OROP) revision to the Defencepensioners w.e.f.01.07.2019 Govt Emp Corner कार्यालय रक्षा लेखा प्रधाननियंत्रक (पेंशन) द्रौपदी घाट प्रयागराज- 211014 O/ THE PRINCIPAL CONTROLLER OF DEFENCE ACCOUNTS (PENSIONS) DRAUPADI GHAT, PRAYAGRAJ- 211014 HIST: www.pedapension.nic.in, FAX Tele: 0532-2421877;2421879;2421880, Toll Free No: 1800-180-5325(Timing-9:30 AM to 6:00 PM) All CMDs, Public Sector Banks.
The Nodal Officers, ICICI/HDFC/AXIS/IDBI Banks The Chief Accountant, RBI, Deptt. of Govt, Bank Accounts, Central Office C-7, Second Floor, Bandra – Kurla Complex, P B No.8143, Bandra East Mumbai-400051 Military and Air Attache, Indian Embassy, Kathmandu, Nepal The PCDA (WC), Chandigarh The Director of Treasury, All States The Pay and Accounts Officer, Delhi Administration, RK Puram and Tis Hazari, The Pay and Accounts Office, Govt.
of Maharashtra, Mumbai The Post Master Kathua (J&K), Camp Bell Bay. The Principal Pay and Accounts Officer Andaman and Nicobar Administration Port Circular No 667 Dated: 28th Feb 2023 Subject:-Implementation of One Rank One Pension (OROP) revision to the Defence pensioners w.e.f.01.07.2019.
- Reference: This office Circular No.666 dated 20.01.2023 and MoD ID No.4(5)/2016- D(P/L) Vol-IV dated 27.02.2023.
- Government of India, Ministry of Defence letter No.1(1)/2019/D(Pen/Pol)/Vol-II dated 20.01.2023 and No.1(1)/2019/D(Pen/Pol) dated 04.01.2023 on the above subject have been issued in implementation of OROP w.e.f.01.07.2019.
This office has also issued necessary directive to all PDAs in implementation of same vide Circular No.666 dt 20.01.2023.2. Attention is invited to para 3 of this office Circular No.666 dt 20.01.2023 vide which it has been directed that payment of arrears accrued on account of revision of pension, if any, shall be made in four equal half yearly installments, however, all the family pensioners including those in receipt of Special/Liberalised Family Pension and all Gallantry award winners shall be paid arrears in one installment as stipulated earlier.3.
In pursuance to Hon’ble Court order dt 27.02.2023 w.r.t. MA No.219/2023 in WP(C) No.419/2016, MoD has issued directions vide MoD ID No.4(5)/2016-D(P/L) Vol-IV dated 27.02.2023 to pay full arrear in one instalment on account of OROP revision w.e.f.01.07.2019 to all eligible pensioners by 15th March 2023.
In order to ensure timely payment, arrears of payment may be authorised before 15th March 2023 (in one go).4. A copy of this circular along with the Government of India, Ministry of Defence ID No.4(5)/2016-D(P/L) Vol-IV dated 27.02.2023 are also available on the website of this Office (www.pedapension.nic.in).5.
What is the circular number 502?
Circular No.502 : Implementation of Government decision on the recommendations of the Committee of Secretaries – 2012 on the issues related to Defence Service Personnel and Ex-Servicemen- Enhancement of Ordinary Family Pension in respect of Pre-2006 JCOs/ORs Family Pensioners.