First Round Table Conference


Which was the first round table conference?

References –

  1. ^ Legg, Stephen (2020). “Imperial Internationalism: The Round Table Conference and the Making of India in London, 1930–1932”, Humanity,11 (1): 32–53. doi : 10.1353/hum.2020.0006, ISSN 2151-4372,
  2. ^ Jump up to: a b Wolpert, Stanley (2013). Jinnah of Pakistan (15 ed.). Karachi, Pakistan: University Press.p.107. ISBN 978-0-19-577389-7,
  3. ^ Wolpert, Stanley (2012). Shameful Flight (1st ed.). Karachi, Pakistan: Oxford University Press.p.5. ISBN 978-0-19-906606-3,
  4. ^ Ramsay Macdonald, The Awakening of India (1909) advocated progress towards Indian self-government.
  5. ^ MacDonald Papers file 112/1/67, C Sanger, Malcolm MacDonald: End of Empire (1995), p.79.
  6. ^ 12 December 1930, Carl Bridge, Holding India to the Empire: the British Conservative Party and the 1935 Constitution (new Delhi: Sterling, 1988). Hoare was in direct correspondence with Viceroy Lord Irwin and Sir Malcolm Hailey, Governor of United Provinces, where Gandhi lived.
  7. ^ Jump up to: a b Indian Round Table Conference Proceedings, Government of India.1931.
  8. ^ Christopher Lee (2018), Viceroys: the creation of the British (London: Constable)
  9. ^ Speech March 1931, Constitutional Club, W S Churchill
  10. ^ Jump up to: a b Prof M. Ikram, Rabbani. Pakistan studies (2nd ed.). Lahore, Pakistan: Caravan Book house. pp.100–101.
  11. ^ 15 December 1930, Macdonald Diary; David Marquand, Ramsay MacDonald (London: Jonathan Cape, 1977)
  12. ^ Menon, V.P. (1957). Transfer of Power in India, Orient Longman Ltd.p.44. ISBN 9788125008842, Retrieved 2015-05-29,
  13. ^ Robert D Pearce, The Turning Point in Africa: British Colonial Policy 1938-1948 (London: Cass, 1982), p.43.
  14. ^ “mr Gandhi demanded that as one of the conditions for his accepting their fourteen points, they should oppose the claims of the Depressed Classes, and the smaller minorities.” Dr. Ambedkar letter to The Times of India, 12 October 1931.
  15. ^ Collected Writings of Mahatma Gandhi, 51.; Robin J. Moore, The Crisis of Indian Unity 1917–1940, p.289.
  16. ^ C.Keer, Dr Ambedkar: Life and Mission, (1971) p.178–9.

Who convened first round table conference?

The first Round Table Conference convened by Labour Government Prime Minister Ramsay McDonald from 12 November 1930 to 19 January 1931 in London. The Round Table Conference officially inaugurated by His Majesty George V on November 12, 1930, in Royal Gallery House of Lords at London.

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Who attended all 3 round table conference?

Hint: The three Round Table Conferences of 1930–32 were a series of peace conferences organized by the British Government and Indian political personalities to discuss constitutional reforms in India. Complete answer: Round table conferences were conducted as per the recommendation of Jinnah to Viceroy Lord Irwin and Prime Minister Ramsay MacDonald, and by the report submitted by the Simon Commission in May 1930.

Demands for Swaraj, or self-rule, in India had been growing increasingly strong. The first Round Table Conference started when M.K Gandhi and Jawaharlal Nehru were in jail. So nehru did not attend the conference. Dr.B.R. Ambedkar fought for the upliftment of down trodden classes who faced discrimination from olden times.

He always strived for the betterment of lower castes and he was the only person who attended all the three round table conferences. Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel attended a round table conference in London with Gandhi. In 1932, after the unsuccessful Round Table Conference in London Patel was jailed at Yerwada Jail in Pune with Gandhi.

Dr. Rajendra Prasad did not attend the round table conference but after failure of conference with arrest of Gandhiji, dr.Rajendra Prasad was also arrested. Therefore the correct answer is B. Dr.B.R. Ambedkar. Note: B.R. Ambedkar and Tej Bahadur Sapru took part in all the three round table conferences. Mahatma Gandhi took part in the Second Round Table Conference.

Round table conference failed because of the opposition from other parties representing British India such as Muslim league, princely states and Ambedkar. They had their own vested interests and the announcement of Reservation of seats for depressed class acted as a nail in the coffin.

Who did not participate in the first round table conference?

The Indian National Congress did not take part in the First Round Conference. The reason for boycotting the conference was that Congress leaders were imprisoned for their involvement in the Civil Disobedience Movement. During this, the demand for ‘Swaraj’ was also started.

When was the first round table conference boycotted?

The First Round Table Conference presided over by Ramsay Mc Donald, was held on November 12th, 1930, to discuss constitutional reforms in India. The Indian National Congress boycotted it as part of the 1930 Civil Disobedience Movement.

What is the meaning of round table conference?

Definitions of round-table conference. a meeting of peers for discussion and exchange of views. synonyms: round table, roundtable. type of: conference, group discussion. a discussion among participants who have an agreed (serious) topic.

Who refused to meet Gandhi?

Churchill Refuses To Meet Gandhiji – It is customary that when a person visits a new country or town, he calls on the important people of that place. And in accordance with this practice, Gandhiji wanted to call on Mr. Churchill. But Mr. Churchill refused to see him, saying, ‘I am not prepared to meet that half-naked fakir of India as long as he does not learn how to dress properly.’ Bapu was not upset by Mr.

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What is the purpose of a round table?

The general purpose of a roundtable is to hold a close discussion and exploration of a specific topic. A roundtable, holding all participants on equal footing, aims to confront issues rather than people. The individual aim of a roundtable discussion will vary in practice.

What is the origin of the Round Table?

Legend – The Round Table first appeared in Wace ‘s Roman de Brut, a Norman language adaptation of Geoffrey’s Historia finished in 1155. Wace says Arthur created the Round Table to prevent quarrels among his barons, none of whom would accept a lower place than the others.

Layamon added to the story when he adapted Wace’s work into the Middle English Brut in the early 13th century, saying that the quarrel between Arthur’s vassals led to violence at a Yuletide feast. In response, a Cornish carpenter built an enormous but easily transportable Round Table to prevent further dispute.

Wace claims he was not the source of the Round Table; both he and Layamon credited it instead to the Bretons, Some scholars have doubted this claim, while others believe it may be true. There is some similarity between the chroniclers’ description of the Round Table and a custom recorded in Celtic stories, in which warriors sit in a circle around the king or lead warrior, in some cases feuding over the order of precedence as in Layamon. King Arthur’s knights, gathered at the Round Table, see a vision of the Holy Grail, From a manuscript of Lancelot and the Holy Grail (c.1406) The Round Table takes on new dimensions in the romances of the late 12th and early 13th century, where it becomes a symbol of the famed order of chivalry which flourishes under Arthur.

In Robert de Boron ‘s Merlin, written around 1200, the magician Merlin creates the Round Table in imitation of the table of the Last Supper and of Joseph of Arimathea ‘s Grail Table. Made of silver, the Grail Table was used by the followers of Arimathea after he created it as directed by a vision of Christ, and was taken by him to Avalon (later identified with Glastonbury Tor, but this connection was not mentioned by Robert ).

This version of the Round Table, here made for Arthur’s father Uther Pendragon rather than Arthur himself, has twelve seats and one empty place to mark the betrayal of Judas ; this seat, must remain empty until the coming of the knight who will achieve the Grail. “Sir Galahad is brought to the court of King Arthur”, Walter Crane ‘s illustration for King Arthur’s Knights, abridged from Le Morte d’Arthur by Henry Gilbert (1911) The prose cycles of the 13th century, the Lancelot-Grail (Vulgate) Cycle and the Post-Vulgate Cycle, further adapt the chivalric attributes of the Round Table but make it and its fellowship much larger, with many more seats and usually dozens of members at any given time.

Here it is the perfect knight Galahad, rather than Percival, who assumes the empty seat, now called the Siege Perilous, Galahad’s arrival marks the start of the Grail quest as well as the end of the Arthurian era. In these works the Round Table is kept by King Leodegrance of Cameliard after Uther’s death; Arthur inherits it when he marries Leodegrance’s daughter Guinevere,

Other versions treat the Round Table differently, for instance Arthurian works from Italy like La Tavola Ritonda ( The Round Table ) often distinguish between the knights of the “Old Table” of Uther’s time and those of Arthur’s “New Table”. In the Post-Vulgate, the Table is eventually destroyed by King Mark during his invasion of Logres after the deaths of Arthur and almost all of the Knights, many of whom in fact had killed each other, especially in internal conflicts at the end of the cycle.

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What is another name for a round table conference?

synonyms for Round Table –

brainstorming buzz session conference council discussion group forum panel

On this page you’ll find 7 synonyms, antonyms, and words related to Round Table, such as: brainstorming, buzz session, conference, council, discussion group, and forum.

Who did not participate in Second Round Table Conference?

The Second Round Table Conference in November 1931. In this conference 31 delegates including Pyarelal Nayyar, Sarojini Naidu, Annie Besant, Mahadan Mohan Malviya, Mahadev Desai, B.R Ambedkar, participated. But Jawaharlal Nehru did not participate. Hence the correct answer is Jawahar Lal Nehru.

Who among the following did not participate in the civil disobedience movement?

The industrial working classes had not participated in the Civil Disobedience Movement in large numbers, except in the Nagpur region. As the industrialists came closer to the Congress, workers stayed aloof.