## Ex Or Gate Truth Table ## What is the truth table of ex or gate?

Ex-OR Gate Truth Table. The 2-input XOR gate is also recognised as the Inclusive-OR gate because when both inputs say A and B are set to logic high(1), the output appears as ‘0’ or low i.e in the XOR function, the logic output ‘1’ is achieved only when either A=’1″ or B=’1″ but not both together at the same point.

#### What is the formula for ex or gate?

With NAND Gates – Let us now see how we can implement the XOR Gate using NAND Gates. For this, we have to re-write the above XOR Boolean Equation.

1. Q = A B + A B
2. Q = A B + A B + A A + B B
3. Q = (A + B) ( A + B )
4. Q = (A + B) ( A + B ) = (A + B) (A’ + B’)
5. Applying de Morgan’s Law on the second term in the above equation, we get:
6. Q = (A + B) ( A B )
7. Now we need to implement this circuit using NAND gates.
8. Q = A ( A B ) + B ( A B ) = A (AB)’ + B (AB)’
9. Taking complement on both sides, we get:
10. Q = (A ( A B ) + B ( A B ))’ = (A (AB)’ + B (AB)’)
11. Q = (A ( A B ))’ (B ( A B ))’ = (A (AB)’) (B (AB)’)
12. Finally, once again, apply complement on both sides.
13. Q = (A ( A B )’)’ (B (A B)’)’ = ((A (AB)’)’ (B (AB)’)’)’

This equation looks like it can be implemented using NAND Gates. We need totally our NAND gates. The following image shows the XOR Gate implemented using NAND Gates.

#### What is the truth value of XOR gate?

Truth Table: The output of an XOR gate is high (1) only when exactly one of its inputs is high (1). If both of an XOR gate’s inputs are low (0), or if both of its inputs are high (1), then the output of the XOR gate is low.

#### Is XOR a universal gate?

Exercise : Digital Electronics – Section 4 46. Assertion (A): XOR gate is not universal gate. Reason (R): It is not possible to realize any Boolean function using XOR gates only. Both A and R are correct and R is correct explanation of A Both A and R are correct but R is not correct explanation of A Explanation: A universal gate is one which can be used to realize any Boolean function using that type of gates only. where d is Resolution in volts. Resolution in volts = volts per step = 0.01V 0r 10mV. 49. The number of bits in EBCDIC is Explanation: EBCDIC is an 8 bit code.

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## What are the laws of XOR?

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XOR gate truth table
Input Output
A B A XOR B
0
1 1
1 1
1 1 0

XOR gate (sometimes EOR, or EXOR and pronounced as Exclusive OR ) is a digital logic gate that gives a true (1 or HIGH) output when the number of true inputs is odd. An XOR gate implements an exclusive or ( ) from mathematical logic ; that is, a true output results if one, and only one, of the inputs to the gate is true. If both inputs are false (0/LOW) or both are true, a false output results. XOR represents the inequality function, i.e., the output is true if the inputs are not alike otherwise the output is false.

A way to remember XOR is “must have one or the other but not both”. An XOR gate may serve as a “programmable inverter” in which one input determines whether to invert the other input, or to simply pass it along with no change. Hence it functions as a inverter (a NOT gate) which may be activated or deactivated by a switch.

### Logic Gates, Truth Tables, Boolean Algebra AND, OR, NOT, NAND & NOR

XOR can also be viewed as addition modulo 2. As a result, XOR gates are used to implement binary addition in computers. A half adder consists of an XOR gate and an AND gate, The gate is also used in subtractors and comparators, The algebraic expressions or or all represent the XOR gate with inputs A and B, The behavior of XOR is summarized in the truth table shown on the right.

### What is the difference between an OR and XOR gate?

ones and zeros Let’s take a minute to breakdown bitwise operators. Bitwise operators are operators that operate on ints and uints at the binary level. ints and uints 0 represents closed or off or false.1 represents open or on or true. The binary operators take two inputs, or arguments, and returns one output. The inputs can only be 0 or 1. AND When we use the AND operator, we are effectively saying, if the first argument and the second argument are true, then the result is true, or 1. Otherwise the result is false, or 0.0 AND 0 = 0 1 AND 0 = 0 0 AND 1 = 0 1 AND 1 = 1 AND is represented by the ampersand – 1 & 1 = 1 OR Now the OR operator is saying, if the first argument or the second argument are true, then the result is true.0 OR 0 = 0 1 OR 0 = 1 0 OR 1 = 1 1 OR 1 = 1 OR is represented by the vertical bar (pipe) – 1 | 1 = 1 XOR Lastly, the XOR (exclusive OR) operator is saying, if either input is true, then the result is true, but if both inputs are true, then the result is false. Another way to say it is, if one, but not both arguments are true, then the result is true. Or, we could say, if the number of true inputs is odd, then the result will be true. You choose.0 XOR 0 = 0 1 XOR 0 = 1 0 XOR 1 = 1 1 XOR 1 = 0 XOR is represented by the upwards caret – 1 ^ 1 = 1 Before we finish let’s use the XOR operator on a set of eight digits, a byte.01011000 XOR 10111001 => 11100001 If you’ve ever worked with circuits, transistors, computers, code or electricity, you might see how useful these three operators can be.

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### What is the difference between OR gate and ex or gate?

OR gate is only used for summation purpose while Exor gate can be used in staircase switches and comparison circuits. OR gate can not be used in parity circuits while Exor gates can be used in parity generation/ detection as well as Error detecting circuits.

#### Why is XOR so powerful?

Usefulness in cryptography – The primary reason XOR is so useful in cryptography is because it is “perfectly balanced”; for a given plaintext input 0 or 1, the ciphertext result is equally likely to be either 0 or 1 for a truly random key bit. The table below shows all four possible pairs of plaintext and key bits.

XOR Cipher Trace Table

Plaintext Key Ciphertext
0 0 0
0 1 1
1 0 1
1 1 0

Other logical operations such and AND or OR do not have such a mapping (for example, AND would produce three 0’s and one 1, so knowing that a given ciphertext bit is a 0 implies that there is a 2/3 chance that the original plaintext bit was a 0, as opposed to the ideal 1/2 chance in the case of XOR)

## What makes an XOR gate?

Truth table for an XOR gate

Input A Input B Output
false false false
false true true
true false true
true true false

An XOR gate (sometimes referred to by its extended name, Exclusive OR gate) is a digital logic gate with two or more inputs and one output that performs exclusive disjunction, The output of an XOR gate is true only when exactly one of its inputs is true,

If both of an XOR gate’s inputs are false, or if both of its inputs are true, then the output of the XOR gate is false, If an XOR gate has more than two inputs, then its behavior depends on its implementation. In the vast majority of cases, an XOR gate will output true if an odd number of its inputs is true,

However, it’s important to note that this behavior differs from the strict definition of exclusive or, which insists that exactly one input must be true for the output to be true, The truth table for an XOR gate with two inputs appears to the right.

#### How is XOR used?

(e X clusive OR ) A Boolean logic operation that is widely used in cryptography as well as in generating parity bits for error checking and fault tolerance. XOR compares two input bits and generates one output bit. The logic is simple. If the bits are the same, the result is 0. If the bits are different, the result is 1.

#### Can an XOR gate have more than 2 inputs?

You can find a XOR gate that have more than two inputs, but they are not actually a 3 input XOR. They XOR input A and B and the result of them ‘R’ is then XOR with input C. And the result of R XOR C is then XOR with input 4 and so on.

### What is the truth table of logic gates?

The NOT operator – Since any Boolean variable can only be either 0 or 1 (Boolean algebra is a two- state system) then if it is 0 its complement is 1 and vice versa. The NOT gate performs this operation (of producing the complement of a variable) on a logic signal, so if A is input to the NOT gate then the output is represented by Y = A ¯ Therefore if A = 0 then Y = 1, or else A = 1 and Y = 0 (there are only two possibilities).

• The truth table of a logic system (e.g.
• Digital electronic circuit) describes the output(s) of the system for given input(s).
• The input(s) and output(s) are used to label the columns of a truth table, with the rows representing all possible inputs to the circuit and the corresponding outputs.
• For the NOT gate there is only one input (hence one input column, A ), which can only have two possible values (0 and 1), so there are only two rows.3 As there is only one output, Y, there is only one output column.

The truth table for the NOT gate in Table 1.2 shows that Y = 1 if A = 0, and Y = 0 if A = 1. So Y = A ¯, the complement of A, The NOT gate is also sometimes referred to as an inverter due to the fact that it complements (inverts) its input. Table 1.2,

#### What is the difference between XOR and OR?

ones and zeros Let’s take a minute to breakdown bitwise operators. Bitwise operators are operators that operate on ints and uints at the binary level. ints and uints 0 represents closed or off or false.1 represents open or on or true. The binary operators take two inputs, or arguments, and returns one output. The inputs can only be 0 or 1. AND When we use the AND operator, we are effectively saying, if the first argument and the second argument are true, then the result is true, or 1. Otherwise the result is false, or 0.0 AND 0 = 0 1 AND 0 = 0 0 AND 1 = 0 1 AND 1 = 1 AND is represented by the ampersand – 1 & 1 = 1 OR Now the OR operator is saying, if the first argument or the second argument are true, then the result is true.0 OR 0 = 0 1 OR 0 = 1 0 OR 1 = 1 1 OR 1 = 1 OR is represented by the vertical bar (pipe) – 1 | 1 = 1 XOR Lastly, the XOR (exclusive OR) operator is saying, if either input is true, then the result is true, but if both inputs are true, then the result is false. Another way to say it is, if one, but not both arguments are true, then the result is true. Or, we could say, if the number of true inputs is odd, then the result will be true. You choose.0 XOR 0 = 0 1 XOR 0 = 1 0 XOR 1 = 1 1 XOR 1 = 0 XOR is represented by the upwards caret – 1 ^ 1 = 1 Before we finish let’s use the XOR operator on a set of eight digits, a byte.01011000 XOR 10111001 => 11100001 If you’ve ever worked with circuits, transistors, computers, code or electricity, you might see how useful these three operators can be. 