How To Create File In Linux?

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How To Create File In Linux
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

touch

Example of touch usage
Original author(s) AT&T Bell Laboratories
Developer(s) Paul Rubin, Arnold Robbins, Jim Kingdon, David MacKenzie, Randy Smith, TSC, Microware, Apple, Digital Research, Novell, Kris Heidenstrom
Initial release January 1979 ; 44 years ago
Written in C
Operating system Unix, Unix-like, Plan 9, Inferno, FLEX, OS-9, Classic Mac OS, Windows, DR DOS, AROS, FreeDOS, ReactOS, KolibriOS, IBM i
Platform Cross-platform
Type Command
License coreutils : GPLv3+ FreeDOS: GPLv2 ReactOS: BSD-4-Clause BusyBox : GPL-2.0-only Toybox : 0BSD Plan 9: MIT License

In computing, touch is a command used to update the access date and/or modification date of a computer file or directory, It is included in Unix and Unix-like operating systems, TSC ‘s FLEX, Digital Research / Novell DR DOS, the AROS shell, the Microware OS-9 shell, and ReactOS, The command is also available for FreeDOS and Microsoft Windows,

How to create new file in Linux?

Using the “cat” command – Normally we use the ” cat ” command to read the contents of a file; however, we can also use this command to create a new file. Let’s see how. To create a new file, run the ” cat ” command and then use the redirection operator “>” followed by the name of the file. Now you will be prompted to insert data into this newly created file. Type a line and then press “Ctrl+D” to save the file. $ cat > secondFile.txt Welcome to Tutorialspoint! The above command will create a new file called “secondFile.txt” and save it with the content “Welcome to Tutorialspoint”. Again, use the ” ls ” command to verify if the new file has been created or not. $ ls hello.txt newdirectory secondFile.txt Next, use the “cat” command to see the contents of “secondFile.txt”. $ cat secondFile.txt Welcome to Tutorialspoint!

How do I create a file in Unix Linux?

4 Ways to Create a File in Unix This wikiHow teaches you different ways to create a new file at the Unix command prompt. To quickly create a blank file, use the touch command. To create a new text file from scratch, try the Vi text editor or the cat command. If you want to duplicate an existing file, use the cp (copy) command.

  1. 1 Open a terminal window. If you’re using a window manager, you can usually press Ctrl + Alt + T to open a new terminal window. If not, log into the system on which you want to create a file through the console.
  2. 2 Use cd to change to the desired directory. If you’re already in the directory where you’d like to create the file you can skip this step. Advertisement
  3. 3 Type touch newfilename and press ↵ Enter, Replace newfilename with the desired file name. This creates a new blank file with that name in the current directory.
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  1. 1 Open a terminal window. If you’re using a window manager, you can usually press Ctrl + Alt + T to open a new terminal window. If not, log into the system on which you want to create a file through the console.
  2. 2 Type cat > newfilename and press ↵ Enter, Replace newfilename with whatever you’d like to call your new file. This opens a new blank line.
  3. 3 Type some text. Anything you type here will be added to the file.
  4. 4 Press ↵ Enter to move to a blank line. You’ll need to be on a blank line to finish the cat command.
  5. 5 Press Ctrl + D, This saves the file to the current directory with the name you entered.
    • To view the vile, type cat filename and press ↵ Enter,
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  1. 1 Open a terminal window. If you’re using a window manager, you can usually press Ctrl + Alt + T to open a new terminal window. If not, log into the system on which you want to create a file through the console.
  2. 2 Use cd to change to the desired directory. You’ll want to be in the directory where you’d like to store your new file before opening the text editor.
  3. 3 Type vi and press ↵ Enter, This opens the Vi (or Vim, depending on the version of Unix you’re using) text editor.
    • To edit a specific text file with Vi, type vi filename’ instead.
  4. 4 Press i to enter input mode. Vi has two modes—insert mode and command mode. You must be in input mode to type text into the new file.
  5. 5 Type some text (optional). If you want to create a blank file you can just skip this step. Otherwise, type any text you wish to add now.
    • You can’t use your mouse or the arrow keys in Vi. If you make a mistake when typing, you’ll need to run a command in command mode. Press Esc to make the arrow keys available, use them to move the cursor to the location of the mistake, and then use any of these commands:
      • x deletes the character under the cursor.
      • dw deletes the current word.
      • dd deletes the entire line.
      • r replaces the letter under the cursor with the next one you type. This will automatically put you back into input mode after use.
      • See How to Learn Vi to learn about more Vi commands.
  6. 6 Press Esc when you’re ready to save the file. This places you into command mode.
  7. 7 Type :w newfilename and press ↵ Enter, Replace newfilename with the name of the file. This saves the file to the current directory.
    • If you want to keep editing the file, press i to go back into input mode.
    • The next time you want to save the file, you can just type :w in command mode (no file name necessary).
  8. 8 Press q and press ↵ Enter to quit Vi. This returns you to the command line.
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  1. 1 Open a terminal window. If you’re using a window manager, you can usually press Ctrl + Alt + T to open a new terminal window. If not, log into the system on which you want to create a file through the console.
  2. 2 Use cd to change to the desired directory (optional). You’ll be using the cp (copy) command to copy an existing file to another new file. You’ll either need to move to the directory that contains the original file or know its full path.
  3. 3 Type cp originalfile newfile and press ↵ Enter, Replace originalfile with the name of the file you want to copy, and newfile with the name of the desired new file. This creates a new file that contains the contents of the old file.
    • Use the full path to the file if you’re working with files outside of the current working directory (e.g., cp /home/maria/textfile1 /home/maria/contracts/textfile2 ).
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Ask a Question Advertisement Written by: wikiHow Technology Writer This article was co-authored by wikiHow staff writer,, Nicole Levine is a Technology Writer and Editor for wikiHow. She has more than 20 years of experience creating technical documentation and leading support teams at major web hosting and software companies.

  • Co-authors: 13
  • Updated: November 29, 2022
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Thanks to all authors for creating a page that has been read 74,470 times. : 4 Ways to Create a File in Unix

How to create a new file?

How to create a new file with File Manager –

  1. Log in to your account Hosting Summary,
  2. Click on File Manager in the left panel.
  3. Select the directory for the new folder, then New and New File. How To Create File In Linux
  4. Name the new file and choose the extension type you want. How To Create File In Linux
  5. Your new file is now visible. How To Create File In Linux

What is make file in Linux?

Unix Makefile Tutorial Makefile is a program building tool which runs on Unix, Linux, and their flavors. It aids in simplifying building program executables that may need various modules. To determine how the modules need to be compiled or recompiled together, make takes the help of user-defined makefiles. This tutorial should enhance your knowledge about the structure and utility of makefile.

How to create a file in Ubuntu?

Touch fileName – Create an empty file. cat > filename – To create a new text file under Ubuntu, use the cat command followed by the redirection symbol ( > ) and the name of the file you want to create. Press Enter, then type the text and once you are done, press the CRTL+D to save the file.

How do I create a,txt file?

Ms Windows: Notepad – The easiest way to create a text file in Windows is to open up the Notepad software program on your computer. The Notepad is a text editor included with Microsoft Windows. The Windows Notepad program can be found by following either of the steps below:

Click Start In the Run or Search box, type Notepad and press enter.

Or

Click Start Open All Programs → Accessories, then click on the Notepad shortcut.

Once Notepad is open, you may create and store your new,txt file!

How to create a folder in Linux?

Create a directory – Before creating a new directory, use the pwd command to understand where you are in the filesystem: $ pwd /home/localuser I’m in the localuser’s home folder (and you’re probably in whatever user’s home directory you’ve logged in as).

Checking for files with the ls command, I see that I have none: $ ls $ Create a new directory as the starting point for this article’s exercises. The command to create a new directory is mkdir, Check its options and available parameters: $ mkdir -help Usage: mkdir, DIRECTORY. Create the DIRECTORY(ies), if they do not already exist.

Mandatory arguments to long options are mandatory for short options too. -m, -mode=MODE set file mode (as in chmod), not a=rwx – umask -p, -parents no error if existing, make parent directories as needed -v, -verbose print a message for each created directory -Z set SELinux security context of each created directory to the default type -context like -Z, or if CTX is specified then set the SELinux or SMACK security context to CTX -help display this help and exit -version output version information and exit The basic syntax for using this command is mkdir (replace with the desired name of your directory).

Before creating any directory or file, remember that most Linux filesystems are case-sensitive. That means a resource named Dir or File is different from dir or file, which is also different from DIR or FILE, Bash interprets the name exactly as you spell it. Create a new directory called mydir, change to it with the cd command, and list its contents: $ mkdir mydir $ file mydir mydir: directory $ ls -l drwxrwxr-x.2 localuser localuser 6 Jun 9 14:47 mydir $ cd mydir/ $ pwd /home/localuser/mydir $ ls -l total 0 You’ve just created a new directory, confirmed that it is indeed a directory-type object with the file command, entered the directory, and verified that it is empty.

To create more than one directory simultaneously, specify the names of the new directories after mkdir with a blank space between them: $ mkdir dir1 dir2 dir3 $ ls -l total 0 drwxrwxr-x.2 localuser localuser 6 Jun 9 14:57 dir1 drwxrwxr-x.2 localuser localuser 6 Jun 9 14:57 dir2 drwxrwxr-x.2 localuser localuser 6 Jun 9 14:57 dir3 $ ls -R,: dir1 dir2 dir3,/dir1:,/dir2:,/dir3: You created three new empty directories.

What is Linux command?

What Is a Linux Command? – A Linux command is a program or utility that runs on the command line. A command line is an interface that accepts lines of text and processes them into instructions for your computer. Any graphical user interface (GUI) is just an abstraction of command-line programs.

For example, when you close a window by clicking on the “X,” there’s a command running behind that action. A flag is a way we can pass options to the command you run. Most Linux commands have a help page that we can call with the flag -h, Most of the time, flags are optional. An argument or parameter is the input we give to a command so it can run properly.

In most cases, the argument is a file path, but it can be anything you type in the terminal. You can invoke flags using hyphens ( – ) and double hyphens ( – ), while argument execution depends on the order in which you pass them to the function. Did you know that 90% of all cloud infrastructure and hosting services use Linux? 🤯 For this reason alone, it is crucial to be familiar with popular Linux commands.

Does new file () create a file?

How to Create a File in Java In Java, creating a file is easy by using pre-defined classes and packages. There are three ways to create a file.

  • Using File.createNewFile() method
  • Using FileOutputStream class
  • Using File.createFile() method

Java File.createNewFile() method The File.createNewFile() is a method of File class which belongs to a java.io package. It does not accept any argument. The method automatically creates a new, empty file. The method returns a boolean value:

  • true, if the file created successfully.
  • false, if the file already exists.

When we initialize File class object, we provide the file name and then we can call createNewFile() method of the File class to create a new file in Java. The File.createNewFile() method throws java.io.IOException if an I/O error occurred. It also throws SecurityException if a security manager exists and its SecurityManager.checkWriter(java.lang.String) method denies write access to the file.

  • The signature of the method is: public boolean createNewFile() throws IOException We can pass the file name or absolute path or relative path as an argument in the File class object.
  • For a non-absolute path, File object tries to locate the file in the current directory.
  • Example The following example creates a new, empty text file.

The first run creates music.txt successfully while on the second run it failed. We can create any type of file by changing the file extension only. import java.io.File; import java.io.IOException; public class CreateFileExample1 else } catch (IOException e) } } Output When file does not exists. When file already exists.

How do I create a plain file?

Windows users – Tip To create an empty file (0 bytes), it must be a plaintext file, Other types of documents, such as a blank,doc (word processor file) or a blank Excel (spreadsheet), won’t work. The reason for this is that they contain extra data that structure and identify the file, even if you haven’t entered any data into the document.

What is mv command in Linux?

The mv command moves files and directories from one directory to another or renames a file or directory. If you move a file or directory to a new directory, it retains the base file name. When you move a file, all links to other files remain intact, except when you move it to a different file system.

What is make file command?

The “make” Command and “Makefiles”. – Ram Naraian The make Command and Makefiles:- Although, as you will see, the make command has a lot of built-in knowledge, it can’t know how to build your application all by itself. You must provide a file that tells make how your application is constructed.This file is called the makefile.

  1. The makefile most often resides in the same directory as the other source files for the project.
  2. You can have many different makefiles on your machine at any one time.
  3. Indeed, if you have a large project, you may choose to manage it using separate makefiles for different parts of the project.
  4. The combination of the make command and a makefile provides a very powerful tool for managing projects.

It’s often used not only to control the compilation of source code, but also to prepare manual pages and to install the application into a target directory. The Syntax of Makefiles:- A makefile consists of a set of dependencies and rules, A dependency has a target (a file to be created) and a set of source files upon which it is dependent.

The rules describe how to create the target from the dependent files. Typically, the target is a single executable file. The makefile is read by the make command, which determines the target file or files that are to be made and then compares the dates and times of the source files to decide which rules need to be invoked to construct the target.

Often, other intermediate targets have to be created before the final target can be made. The make command uses the makefile to determine the order in which the targets have to be made and the correct sequence of rules to invoke. Options and Parameters to make:- The make program itself has several options.

  • The three most commonly used are 1) -k, which tells make to keep going when an error is found, rather than stopping as soon as the first problem is detected.
  • You can use this, for example, to find out in one go which source files fail to compile.2) -n, which tells make to print out what it would have done without actually doing it.3) -f,which allows you to tell make which file to use as its makefile.

If you don’t use this option, the standard version of make looks first for a file called makefile in the current directory. If that doesn’t exist, it looks for a file called Makefile. If you want to call a file name XYZ, then you can call it by -f options,

  • Dependencies and Target:-
  • The dependencies specify how each file in the final application relates to the source files.
  • Target is usually a executable file which get created after execution of make command.

For Eg. Suppose a program contains below source files. main.c,2.c,3.c,a.h,b.h and c.h In make file write these rules by writing the target,a colon, space or tab, then a tab or space separated list of files that are required to create a target file. //The dependency list of the above program is as follows.

myapp: main.o 2.o 3.o main.o: main.c a.h 2.o: 2.c a.h b.h 3.o: 3.c a.h b.h c.h This says that target myapp is depends on main.o,2.o and 3.o (dependencies for myapp target). target main.o is depends on main.c and a.h (dependencies for main.o target) target 2.o is depends on 2.c,a.h and b.h (dependencies for 2.o target) target 3.o is depends on 3.c,a.h,b.h,and c.h (dependencies for 3.o target) This set of dependencies gives a hierarchy showing how the source files relate to one other.

You can see quite easily that, if b.h changes, you need to revise both 2.o and 3.o, and because2.o and 3.o will have changed, you also need to rebuild myapp. Rules:- The second part of the makefile specifies the rules that describe how to create a target,

In the example in the previous section, what command should be used after the make command has determined that 2.o needs rebuilding? It may be that simply using gcc -c 2.c is sufficient. Syntax of makefiles:- The difference between a space and a tab, All rules must be on lines that start with a tab ; a space won’t do.

Because several spaces and a tab look much the same and because almost everywhere else in Linux programming there’s little distinction between spaces and tabs, this can cause problems. Also, a space at the end of a line in the makefile may cause a make command to fail.

A simple makefile (name Makefile1):- myapp: main.o 2.o 3.o gcc -o myapp main.o 2.o 3.o main.o: main.c a.h gcc -c main.c 2.o: 2.c a.h b.h gcc -c 2.c 3.o: 3.c b.h c.h gcc -c 3.c You invoke the make command with the -f option because your makefile doesn’t have either of the usual default names of makefile or Makefile,

If you invoke this code in a directory containing no source code, you get this message: $make -f Makefile1 make: *** No rule to make target ‘main.c’, needed by ‘main.o’. Stop. $ The make command has assumed that the first target in the makefile, myapp, is the file that you want to create.

  • It has then looked at the other dependencies and, in particular, has determined that a file called main.c is needed.
  • Because you haven’t created this file yet and the makefile does not say how it might be created, make has reported an error,
  • So now create the source files and try again.
  • Because you’re not interested in the result, these files can be very simple.

The header files are actually empty, so you can create them with touch: $touch a.h $touch b.h $touch c.h main.c contains main, which calls function_two and function_three, The other two files define function_two and function_three, The source files have #include lines for the appropriate headers, so they appear to be dependent on the contents of the included headers.

It’s not much of an application, but here are the listings: /* main.c */ #include #include “a.h” extern void function_two(); extern void function_three(); int main() /* 2.c */ #include “a.h” #include “b.h” void function_two() /* 3.c */ #include “b.h” #include “c.h” void function_three() Now try make again: $make -f Makefile1 gcc -c main.c gcc -c 2.c gcc -c 3.c gcc -o myapp main.o 2.o 3.o $ This is a successful make.

How It Works:- The make command has processed the dependencies section of the makefile and determined the files that need to be created and in which order. Even though you listed how to create myapp first, make has determined the correct order for creating the files.

  1. It has then invoked the appropriate commands you gave it in the rules section for creating those files.
  2. The make command displays the commands as it executes them.
  3. You can now test your makefile to see whether it handles changes to the file b.h correctly: $touch b.h $make -f Makefile1 gcc -c 2.c gcc -c 3.c gcc -o myapp main.o 2.o 3.o $ The make command has read your makefile, determined the minimum number of commands required to rebuild myapp, and carried them out in the correct order.

Now see what happens if you delete an object file: $rm 2.o $make -f Makefile1 gcc -c 2.c gcc -o myapp main.o 2.o 3.o $

  1. Again, make correctly determines the actions required.
  2. Comments in a Makefile:-
  3. A comment in a makefile starts with # and continues to the end of the line.
  4. Macros in a Makefile:-

Even if this was all there was to make and makefiles, they would be powerful tools for managing multiple source file projects. However, they would also tend to be large and inflexible for projects consisting of a very large number of files. Makefiles therefore allow you to use macros so that you can write them in a more generalized form.

  1. You define a macro in a makefile by writing MACRONAME=value, then accessing the value of MACRONAME by writing either $(MACRONAME) or $,
  2. Some versions of make may also accept $MACRONAME,
  3. You can set the value of a macro to blank (which expands to nothing) by leaving the rest of the line after the = blank.

Another problem with Makefile1 is that it assumes the compiler is called gcc, On other UNIX systems, you might be using cc or c89, If you ever wanted to take your makefile to a different version of UNIX, or even if you obtained a different compiler to use on your existing system, you would have to change several lines of your makefile to make it work.

Macros are a good way of collecting all these system dependent parts, making it easy to change them. Macros are normally defined inside the makefile itself, but they can be specified by calling make with themacro definition. for example, make CC=c89. Command-line definitions like this override define s in the makefile.

When used outside makefiles, macro definitions must be passed as a single argument, so either avoid spaces or use quotes like this: make “CC = c89 “. //A makefile with macro:- //Here’s a revised version of the makefile, Makefile2, using some macros: all: myapp # Which compiler CC = gcc # Where are include files kept INCLUDE =,

# Options for development CFLAGS = -g -Wall –ansi # Options for release # CFLAGS = -O -Wall –ansi myapp: main.o 2.o 3.o $(CC) -o myapp main.o 2.o 3.o main.o: main.c a.h $(CC) -I$(INCLUDE) $(CFLAGS) -c main.c 2.o: 2.c a.h b.h $(CC) -I$(INCLUDE) $(CFLAGS) -c 2.c 3.o: 3.c b.h c.h $(CC) -I$(INCLUDE) $(CFLAGS) -c 3.c If you delete your old installation and create a new one with this new makefile, you get $rm *.o myapp $make -f Makefile2 gcc -I.

-g -Wall -ansi -c main.c gcc -I. -g -Wall -ansi -c 2.c gcc -I. -g -Wall -ansi -c 3.c gcc -o myapp main.o 2.o 3.o $

  • Macro Definition
  • $? List of prerequisites (files the target depends on) changed more recently than the current targe
  • $@ Name of the current target
  • $< Name of the current prerequisite
  • $* Name of the current prerequisite, without any suffix
  • Multiple Targets:-

It’s often useful to make more than a single target file, or to collect several groups of commands into a single place. You can extend your makefile to do this. In the following example, you add a clean option that removes unwanted objects and an install option that moves the finished application to a different directory. //Multiple targets //Here’s the next version of the makefile,Makefile3: all: myapp # Which compiler CC = gcc # Where to install INSTDIR = /usr/local/bin # Where are include files kept INCLUDE =, # Options for development CFLAGS = -g -Wall –ansi # Options for release # CFLAGS = -O -Wall –ansi myapp: main.o 2.o 3.o $(CC) -o myapp main.o 2.o 3.o main.o: main.c a.h $(CC) -I$(INCLUDE) $(CFLAGS) -c main.c 2.o: 2.c a.h b.h $(CC) -I$(INCLUDE) $(CFLAGS) -c 2.c 3.o: 3.c b.h c.h $(CC) -I$(INCLUDE) $(CFLAGS) -c 3.c clean: -rm main.o 2.o 3.o install: myapp @if ; \ then \ cp myapp $(INSTDIR);\ chmod a+x $(INSTDIR)/myapp;\ chmod og-w $(INSTDIR)/myapp;\ echo “Installed in $(INSTDIR)”;\ else \ echo “Sorry, $(INSTDIR) does not exist”;\ fi There are several things to notice in this makefile. First, the special target all still specifies only myapp as a target. Thus, when you execute make without specifying a target, the default behavior is to build the target myapp. The next important point concerns the two additional targets, clean and install, The clean target uses the rm command to remove the objects. The command starts with -, which tells make to ignore the result of the command, so make clean will succeed even if there are no objects and the rm command returns an error. The rules for making the target “clean” don’t specify clean as depending on anything; the rest of the line after clean: is blank. Thus the target is always considered out of date, and its rule is always executed if clean is specified as a target. The install target is dependent on myapp, so make knows that it must create myapp before carrying out other commands for making install, The rules for making install consist of some shell script commands. Because make invokes a shell for executing rules and uses a new shell for each rule, you must add backslashes so that all the script commands are on one logical line and are all passed together to a single invocation of the shell for execution. This command starts with an @sign, which tells make not to print the command on standard output before executing the rule. Managing Libraries with make:- When you’re working on larger projects, it’s often convenient to manage several compilation products using a library, Libraries are files, conventionally with the extension,a (for archive ), that contain a collection of object files. The make command has a special syntax for dealing with libraries that makes them very easy to manage. The syntax is lib(file.o), which means the object file file.o, as stored in the library lib.a, The make command has a built-in rule for managing libraries that is usually equivalent to something like this:,c.a: $(CC) -c $(CFLAGS) $< $(AR) $(ARFLAGS) $@ $*.o The macros $(AR) and $(ARFLAGS) normally default to the command ar and the options rv, respectively. The rather terse syntax tells make that to get from a.c file to an,a library it must apply two rules: 1) The first rule says that it must compile the source file and generate an object.2) The second rule says to use the ar command to revise the library, adding the new object file. So, if you have a library fud, containing the file bas.o, in the first rule $< is replaced by bas.c, In the second rule $@ is replaced by the library fud.a and $* is replaced by the name bas. //Managing Libraries: makefile:- all: myapp # Which compiler CC = gcc # Where to install INSTDIR = /usr/local/bin # Where are include files kept INCLUDE =, # Options for development CFLAGS = -g -Wall –ansi # Options for release # CFLAGS = -O -Wall –ansi # Local Libraries MYLIB = mylib.a myapp: main.o $(MYLIB) $(CC) -o myapp main.o $(MYLIB) $(MYLIB): $(MYLIB)(2.o) $(MYLIB)(3.o) main.o: main.c a.h 2.o: 2.c a.h b.h 3.o: 3.c b.h c.h clean: -rm main.o 2.o 3.o $(MYLIB) install: myapp @if ; \ then \ cp myapp $(INSTDIR);\ chmod a+x $(INSTDIR)/myapp;\ chmod og-w $(INSTDIR)/myapp;\ echo "Installed in $(INSTDIR)";\ else \ echo "Sorry, $(INSTDIR) does not exist";\ fi Notice how we allow the default rules to do most of the work. Now test your new version of the makefile $rm -f myapp *.o mylib.a $make -f Makefile5 gcc -g -Wall -ansi -c -o main.o main.c gcc -g -Wall -ansi -c -o 2.o 2.c ar rv mylib.a 2.o a - 2.o gcc -g -Wall -ansi -c -o 3.o 3.c ar rv mylib.a 3.o a - 3.o gcc -o myapp main.o mylib.a $touch c.h $make -f Makefile5 gcc -g -Wall -ansi -c -o 3.o 3.c ar rv mylib.a 3.o r - 3.o gcc -o myapp main.o mylib.a $ How it works:- You first delete all the objects and the library and allow make to build myapp, which it does by compiling and creating the library before linking main.o with the library to create myapp, You then test the dependency rule for 3.o, which tells make that, if c.h changes, then 3.c must be recompiled. It does this correctly, compiling 3.c and updating the library before re-linking to create a new myapp executable file. : The "make" Command and "Makefiles". - Ram Naraian

How do I create a new file and copy content in Linux?

There are a couple different ways to copy and paste content when you’re working on your computer. If you spend more time in the user interface of your device, you’ll probably use your mouse to do this. You can copy files by right-clicking on the file and selecting “Copy”, then going to a different directory and selecting “Paste”.