Which Is The Campaign For Higher Education In India?

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Which Is The Campaign For Higher Education In India
Create awareness about ‘Har Ghar Tiranga’ campaign: UGC directs higher education institutions Which Is The Campaign For Higher Education In India Which Is The Campaign For Higher Education In India

The University Grants Commission (UGC) has asked all higher education institutions to create awareness amongst students, staff and other stakeholders about the ‘Har Ghar Tiranga’ campaign.The central government has launched this campaign under which people are being encouraged to hoist the tricolour at their houses to mark the 75 th anniversary of India’s independence.”The idea behind the campaign is to instill the feeling of patriotism in the hearts of people and reminisce the journey of India and those who have contributed towards creating this great nation,” UGC secretary Rajnish Jain stated in a letter to university vice-chancellors and college principals.Further, the Ministry of Culture has developed a website: where citizens are encouraged to upload a selfie with the tricolour.

: Create awareness about ‘Har Ghar Tiranga’ campaign: UGC directs higher education institutions
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What is the Har Ghar Tiranga campaign?

More than 6 crore Tiranga selfies uploaded on the Har Ghar Tiranga website under Har Ghar Tiranga Abhiyan Guinness World Record of World’s ‘Largest Human Image of a Waving National Flag’ created in Chandigarh with the participation of 5,885 people The entire nation has come together to make Har Ghar Tiranga Campaign a success.

This kind of enthusiasm from people across different walks of life is a symbol of unwavering spirit of unity and integrity of the nation : Shri G.K Reddy – Posted On: 16 AUG 2022 4:05PM by PIB Delhi Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi launched “Har Ghar Tiranga” campaign to encourage people to bring the Tiranga home and hoist it to celebrate 75 years of India’s Independence.

The idea behind the initiative was to strengthen the feeling of patriotism in the hearts of the people and to celebrate Azadi Ka Amrit Mahotsav in the spirit of Jan Bhagidari. States, Union Territories, and Ministries participated extensively in the campaign with full fervor.

NGOs and Self-Help Groups from various places also contributed towards making Har Ghar Tiranga, an iconic benchmark in the success path of Azadi Ka Amrit Mahotsav. Various events involving people from all walks of life were organized at locations connected with Freedom Struggle, to portray the patriotism and unity of the entire country.

Several new milestones like Guinness World Record of World’s ‘Largest Human Image of a Waving National Flag’ in Cricket Stadium, Sector 16, Chandigarh with the participation of 5,885 people have been created during the campaign. The event was organised by the NID Foundation and Chandigarh University to strengthen Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s ‘Har Ghar Tiranga’ campaign as part of Azadi Ka Amrit Mahotsav.

  • In another stupendous achievement, more than 6 crore Tiranga selfies have been uploaded on the Har Ghar Tiranga website till date.
  • The programme conceived in a hybrid format envisaged a physical & emotional connect with the flag itself in the personal context and also envisaged a collective celebration and amplification of patriotic fervour through the act of uploading a selfie on the special website created for this initiative.

( www.harghartiranga.com ). Also, to mark the celebrations under ‘Har Ghar Tiranga’ campaign as a part of ongoing ‘Azadi ka Amrut Mahotsav’, the District Administration Srinagar established a national record by displaying 1850-metre long National Flag at Bakshi Stadium to celebrate 75 years of Independence.

Shri G Kishan Reddy, the Union Minister for Culture, Tourism and Development of the North Eastern Region (DoNER) thanked the citizens of the country and said, ” The entire nation has come together to make Har Ghar Tiranga Campaign a success. This kind of enthusiasm from people across different walks of life is a symbol of unwavering spirit of unity and integrity of the nation”.

He added, ” The entire nation took part in Har Ghar Tiranga and more tham 6 crore selfies have been taken and uploaded with the Tiranga till date. It reflects our love and pride for this great Nation. I would request all those who have taken selfies with the Tiranga to continue uploading pictures on the Har Ghar Tiranga Portal to continue the festive spirit “.

Shri G Kishan Reddy, added “Thank You India, for furthering the clarion call of Hon’ble Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi ji to join the Har Ghar Tiranga movement”. He added, “Whenever the Prime Minister has made a call to the citizens of the nation, be it in asking those who do not require LPG subsidies to give it up or in recognising the efforts of the COVID-19 front line warriors or in the case of Har Ghar Tiranga, the people have responded with overwhelming enthusiasm”.

As India embarks on its 76th year of Independence wrapping up the 75 week countdown to 15th August, 2022 was the Har Ghar Tiranga initiative of the Government driven by the nodal Ministry for Azadi ka Amrit Mahotsav, the Ministry of Culture. — G Kishan Reddy (@kishanreddybjp) August 15, 2022 — G Kishan Reddy (@kishanreddybjp) August 15, 2022 The government of India had taken various steps to ensure the supply of flags across India.

  • Post Offices in the country started selling flags from 1st August 2022.
  • In addition, state governments also tied up with various stakeholders for the supply and sale of flags.
  • The Indian National Flag was also registered on the GeM portal.The government of India had also tied up with various e-commerce websites and self-help groups to streamline the process of the supply of the Flag.

The initiative of Azadi Ka Amrit Mahotsav was launched by Prime Minister Narendra Modi on 12th March 2021 to celebrate and commemorate 75 glorious years of Independence of India. Since its launch, the initiative has successfully showcased the magnificence of Indian culture all across the globe.

With over 60,000 events successfully held across 28 States, 8 UTs, and 150+ countries, the initiative of Azadi Ka Amrit Mahotsav is one of the largest programs ever organized in terms of scope and participation. The commemoration of 75 years of independence started on 12 th March 2021 as a 75-week countdown to 15th August, 2022 and will continue till 15 August, 2023.

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Who introduced higher education in India?

History of Higher Education in India India is believed to have had a functioning system of higher education as early as 1000 B.C. Unlike present day universities, these ancient learning centers were primarily concerned with dispersing Vedic education.

The modern Indian education system finds its roots in colonial legacy. The British Government used the university system as a tool of cultural colonization. Colonial efforts in higher education were carried out initially through the East India Company, followed by the British parliament and later under direct British rule.

The first institution of higher learning set up by the British East India Company was the Calcutta Madrasa in 1781. This was followed by the Asiatic Society of Bengal in 1784, Benaras Sanskrit College in 1791 and Fort William College in 1800. With the Charter Act of 1813, the British Parliament officially declared Indian education as one of the duties of the state.

The same act also removed restrictions on missionary work in British India, thus leading to the establishment of the evangelist Serampore College in 1818. Thomas Babbington Macaulay’s famously controversial Minute on Education (1835) reflected the growing support of a Western approach to knowledge over an Oriental one.

Soon after, in 1857, the first three official universities were started in Bombay (Mumbai), Calcutta (Kolkata) and Madras (Chennai). These universities were modeled after the University of London and focused on English and the humanities. The British control of the Indian education system continued until the Government of India Act of 1935 that transferred more power to provincial politicians and began the “Indianisation” of education.

  • This period witnessed a rise in the importance of physical and vocational education as well as the introduction of basic education schemes.
  • When India gained independence in 1947, the nation had a total of 241,369 students registered across 20 universities and 496 colleges.
  • In 1948, the Indian Government established the University Education Commission to oversee the growth and improvement of higher education.

In the 1960s and 1970s, the government increased its efforts to support higher education by not only setting up state-funded universities and colleges, but also providing financial assistance to private institutions, resulting in the creation of private aided/ grant-in-aid institutions.

  • Despite the leave of the British, Indian higher education continued to give importance to the languages and humanities until the 1980s.
  • Institutes of professional education like the Indian Institutes of Technology (IITs), Regional Engineering Colleges (REC) and Indian Institutes of Management (IIM) were some of the more prominent exceptions to this trend.

These institutions drew inspiration from reputed universities in the United States and also received foreign funding. Post 1980s, the changing needs of the economy, a growing middle class and an increased strain on government financial resources, slowed the growth of state-funded higher educational institutions.
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What is the main theme of Har Ghar Tiranga?

‘Har Ghar Tiranga’ is a campaign under the aegis of Azadi Ka Amrit Mahotsav to encourage people to bring the Tiranga home and to hoist it to mark the 75th year of India’s independence. Our relationship with the flag has always been more formal and institutional than personal.

  1. Bringing the flag home collectively as a nation in the 75th year of independence thus becomes symbolic of not only an act of personal connection to the Tiranga but also an embodiment of our commitment to nation-building.
  2. The idea behind the initiative is to invoke the feeling of patriotism in the hearts of the people and to promote awareness about the Indian National Flag.

To mark this momentous occasion, you are encouraged to hoist the flag in your homes from 13 th to 15 th August 2022. Apart from this, you can also ‘Pin a Flag’ virtually at https://harghartiranga.com, along with posting a ‘Selfie with Flag’ on the site.
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Who take care of higher education in India?

While the centre co-ordinates and fixed standards in higher and technical education, school education is the responsibility of state. Under the department of higher education there are several regulatory bodies and research councils which are responsible for the higher education in India.
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WHO launched Har Ghar JAL?

What is Har Ghar Gangajal project? –

Under the Har Ghar Gangajal project, the excess water of the Ganga will be stored in a reservoir which would then be treated and supplied to Rajgir, Gaya, and Bodh Gaya, the regions that have witnessed water scarcity for a long period.

: Bihar Chief Minister Nitish Kumar Launched Har Ghar Gangajal Project
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Is Har Ghar Tiranga compulsory?

New Delhi, 13th August 2022: ‘Har Ghar Tiranga’ campaign will start today (August 13) on the completion of 75 years of independence. This campaign will be run from August 13 to August 15. In such a situation, it is important to know the rules under the Flag Code of India related to the use and hoisting of the Indian flag.

  1. The use and display of the flag are governed by the Prevention of Insults to National Pride Act 1971 and the Flag Code of India 2002.
  2. The Flag Code of India was amended on January 26, 2002, and citizens were allowed to hoist the flag at their homes, offices and factories not only on national days but on any day.

But now, the citizens have to follow the rules and regulations regarding how to fly the national flag based on the law. The flag should always be rectangular and the ratio of length and height should be 3:2. Flag can be of any size, as long as it is in this ratio.

The Flag Code was amended through an order dated December 20, 2021. Now the use of machine-woven flags made of polyester is also permitted. Earlier, hand-spun and hand-woven fabrics of wool, cotton, silk, khadi, etc. were used. There is no restriction on hoisting the flag. It can be hoisted by common people, private institutions, educational institutions or others.

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It can be hoisted on any day, in any ceremony, respecting the flag. Earlier it was mandatory that if the flag is to be flown in the open area, it should be flown from sunrise to sunset. However, it was amended in July 2022 so that people can put up flags at their homes day and night. The flag should not be put on any vehicle. The flag may not be displayed in any vehicle except the vehicles of certain dignitaries. Only President, Vice President, Prime Minister, Cabinet Minister, Governor, Lieutenant Governor, Minister of State, Lok Sabha Speaker, Deputy Chairman of Rajya Sabha, Chief Justice of India, Judge of Supreme Court, Chief Justice of High Court, Judge of High Court can mount flags on the vehicles.

  1. When flying with the National flag with any other flag, care should be taken that the height of the National flag is at the top.
  2. While hoisting the flag, the saffron colour should always be kept on the top, when hoisted vertically, the saffron colour should be on the right side with respect to the flag.

A tattered flag should never be flown. The National Flag shall not be used in any dress or uniform or as any dress. The national flag shall not be placed on the ground, floor, or water and should not touch these things while hoisting. It should not be used to wrap anything or anyone.
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Which education is called higher education?

Read a brief summary of this topic – higher education, any of various types of education given in postsecondary institutions of learning and usually affording, at the end of a course of study, a named degree, diploma, or certificate of higher studies.

  1. Higher-educational institutions include not only universities and colleges but also various professional schools that provide preparation in such fields as law, theology, medicine, business, music, and art.
  2. Higher education also includes teacher-training schools, junior colleges, and institutes of technology.

The basic entrance requirement for most higher-educational institutions is the completion of secondary education, and the usual entrance age is about 18 years. ( See also college ; university,) The system of higher education had its origin in Europe in the Middle Ages, when the first universities were established.
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Which is the first Indian Higher Education Commission?

Future –

This section needs to be updated, Please help update this article to reflect recent events or newly available information. ( April 2020 )

In 2009, the Union Minister of Human Resource Development, Kapil Sibal made known the government of India’s plans to consider the closing down of the UGC and the related body All India Council for Technical Education (AICTE), in favour of a higher regulatory body with more sweeping powers.

This goal, proposed by the Higher Education and Research (HE&R) Bill, 2011, intends to replace the UGC with a National Commission for Higher Education & Research (NCHER) “for determination, coordination, maintenance and continued enhancement of standards of higher education and research”. The bill proposes absorbing the UGC and other academic agencies into this new organisation.

Those agencies involved in medicine and law would be exempt from this merger “to set minimum standards for medical and legal education leading to professional practice”. The bill has received opposition from the local governments of the Indian states of Bihar, Kerala, Punjab, Tamil Nadu and West Bengal, but has received general support.

  1. On 27 June 2018, the Ministry of Human Resource Development announced its plans to repeal the UGC Act, 1956.
  2. A bill was expected to be introduced in the 2018 monsoon session of the Parliament, which if passed would have led to the dissolution of the UGC.
  3. The bill also stipulated formation of a new body, the Higher Education Commission of India (HECI).

This form of the bill was ultimately dropped in the face of strong political opposition, and was reworked in 2019 in order to gain political consensus. As of mid-2020 the UGC continues to remain in existence. Ministry of Human Resource Development, MHRD, was renamed as ‘Ministry of Education’.

On 13 April 2022 The University Grants Commission of India (UGC India) announced to allow the students to complete two academic programmes simultaneously keeping in view the proposals outlined in the National Education Policy – NEP 2020 which emphasizes the need to enable multiple pathways to learning involving both formal and non-formal education modes.

In a joint notification with All India Council for Technical Education ( AICTE ), University Grants Commission advised Indian nationals & overseas citizens of India against pursuing higher education in Pakistan stating that any such student with a degree from an educational institution in Pakistan “shall not be eligible for seeking employment or higher studies in India”.The notification also stated that this will not be applicable to migrants who have been granted Indian citizenship and have obtained security clearance from MHA.
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Who wrote the higher education Act?

Adam Clayton Powell, Jr., reported out a new bill, H.R.9567, incorporating many of the provisions of H.R.3220 and many of the suggestions from higher education officials. On August 26, the bill passed the House and was sent on to the Senate.
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What is the motto of Har Ghar Tiranga?

The Central Theme of the programme is to inspire every Indians to hoist the National Flag at their home and to invoke the feeling of patriotism in the hearts of the citizen and promote awareness about our National Flag.
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What is the meaning of Har Ghar JAL?

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Har Ghar Jal (translation: Water To Every Household ) is a scheme initiated by the Government of India in 2019 with the aim to provide tap water to every rural household by 2024. Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharaman announced the scheme in 2019 union budget, Since its inception, the scheme has significantly improved household clean tap water availability in India.
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Who started Har Ghar Tiranga program?

Nearly 20 days before India’s 75th Independence Day, 34-year-old Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) volunteer Vinod Kumar was called in for a meeting by his supervisor. The meeting was organized to discuss the action plan for the ambitious Har Ghar Tiranga (“tricolor on every house”) program, under which Prime Minister Narendra Modi had asked Indian citizens to hoist the tricolor flag at their homes, click a photo with it, and upload the images, with a geotag, to a privately hosted website under the banner of the Ministry of Culture, as part of the Independence Day celebrations.

Umar, a member of the BJP IT Cell in the Mandi district of Himachal Pradesh, and whose name has been changed due to concerns about a backlash from his party, was told that he and his colleagues would have to convince residents in their area to participate. So, he spent the next several days crafting a social media policy, curating WhatsApp messages for local BJP groups, and helping party members design digital posters.

He also created a tricolor frame that could be used on Facebook profile pictures. His colleagues organized ” Tiranga marches ” in different neighborhoods, handing out free flags to citizens. Eventually, the team convinced nearly 4,000 people in the assigned area.

  • Umar himself uploaded details of nearly 200 people who did not have internet access.
  • He was just one of a vast army of BJP workers pushing the program.
  • Mayank Goel, BJP vice president for western Uttar Pradesh, one of the largest states in India, told Rest of World that, in his region alone, 50,000 party workers were on the ground for the implementation of the scheme.

By August 15, India’s Independence Day, nearly 60 million Indian citizens had uploaded their photos with the national flag on the website. About 50 million had geotagged the locations of their houses with their photos, and also shared their phone numbers to register on the portal.

  1. Now, digital rights activists are raising alarm bells as they believe that what seemed like an innocent voter outreach program was a scheme to collect citizens’ data, which can be misused.
  2. The idea of the Har Ghar Tiranga program was first discussed at a BJP convention, in the southern city of Hyderabad, on July 2, 2022.

The party hoped to reach 200 million people through this campaign, BJP leader Vasundhara Raje had said at the time. On July 6, the Ministry of Culture was appointed as the nodal body for its implementation, and, in the following weeks, the government aggressively publicized the program, including through changing Indian cellphone caller tunes on August 15 to a message asking people to upload photos.

“No country has ever executed such a massive scale of geotagging of its own citizens as we see in the Har Ghar Tiranga scheme,” Srinivas Kodali, a researcher with the Free Software Movement of India, told Rest of World, “Previously, some fragmented attempts have been made to geotag citizens with an intention of digital commerce; however, not at this scale with an intention of electioneering.” “No country has ever executed such a massive scale of geotagging of its own citizens.” The photographs, many of which were uploaded along with location information, are still publicly available on the website.

While the location information is not publicly available, it is retained by the website, which could lead to theft, hacking, and stalking. When siloed information, such as phone numbers, photographs, and location, is processed with other datasets, such as constituency population and voter preferences, it can make citizens vulnerable to “geo-propaganda,” Kodali said.

  1. Such minute details of individuals can be used to microtarget them in a way that we cannot even anticipate its impact.
  2. For instance, such data can be used to target entire neighborhoods of Muslims or people from opposition political beliefs,” he added.
  3. In 2015, Guyanese presidential candidate David Granger, who won the elections, used location-based ad targeting for his campaign, according to researchers at the University of Texas at Austin.

The researchers also noted that geotagging was used during the 2020 U.S. presidential elections to identify Catholics who frequently attended church services. These individuals were subsequently targeted with personalized ads by the Donald Trump campaign.

  • Digital rights organization Internet Freedom Foundation (IFF) has raised concerns over the privacy policy of the Har Ghar Tiranga website — particularly about who owns the submitted data, and what it could be used for.
  • The privacy policy seems like a collection of boilerplate clauses that have been thrown together,” Prateek Waghre, policy director at IFF, told Rest of World.

“Wherever possible, the policy tries to shift responsibility away from itself.” For instance, the privacy policy states that it will “protect within commercially acceptable means.” However, it does not define what these means are. Similarly, the language refers to a list of advertising partners, but their names are not disclosed.

The policy also suggests that Har Ghar Tiranga’s services and products can be purchased, but nothing is listed for sale. “It seems like if anyone is harvesting data from this website, they won’t care what the privacy policy says,” Waghre said. The website also uses cookies that track the browsing habits of users, Ayushman Kaul, a senior threat intelligence analyst with Logically, a technology company that specializes in analyzing and fighting disinformation, told Rest of World.

“It is a clear indicator that those behind the website seek to harvest additional data from users,” he said. “Moreover, the integration of a Google sign-in with the website could also potentially allow the website creators to harvest additional personal identifiable information from Indian citizens using the website.

By compiling together numerous such metadata and personal indicators, one can eventually create a comprehensive demographic and psychological profile of the entire population.” While most Indian government websites are hosted on official servers at nic.in, the Har Ghar Tiranga portal is hosted via Amazon web servers,

According to a press release published by Asian News International (ANI), Tagbin, a private company based in India, Singapore, and Dubai, is behind the website. It’s unclear where the data collected by the website is stored. The website also shares its IP address with more than 15 other websites, some with country code extensions from other parts of the world, leaving the private data of Indian citizens vulnerable to hacking.

  • Tagbin did not respond to an email from Rest of World.
  • The Har Ghar Tiranga website states that it does not knowingly collect any personally identifiable information from children under the age of 18.
  • However, many of the photos uploaded to the portal, all publicly available, show young kids.
  • When asked about the potential misuse of these images, BJP’s Goel told Rest of World that people upload their photographs on Facebook or Instagram all the time without concerns over privacy.

“When they upload it on the Har Ghar Tiranga website, then from where does this talk of privacy crop up? There is nothing private there. All these photographs are uploaded with consent. Modi ji gave a call and the whole nation followed him,” Goel said.

National spokespersons from the BJP did not respond to requests for comments. “Given the lack of a clear legal framework to safeguard personal data, this massive state-backed geotagging exercise should raise alarms.” India currently lacks data protection laws that could safeguard its citizens against digital risks.

In fact, on August 3, just days after the Har Ghar Tiranga program was launched, the Indian government unexpectedly withdrew a proposed data protection law, which had been working through parliament for almost three years. “Given the lack of a clear and comprehensive legal framework to safeguard personal data in India, the implementation of this massive state-backed geotagging exercise should raise alarms about privacy and digital rights of citizens,” Kaul of Logically added.

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The Ministry of Culture did not respond to an email from Rest of World, Mamta, a 54-year-old teacher in Uttar Pradesh’s Farrukhabad district, is among the millions of Indians who geotagged themselves on the website, along with her husband, and three other members of her family. As a token of appreciation, she, like all others who registered and shared their location on the website, received a “Har Ghar Tiranga Certificate” from the Ministry of Culture.

This certificate was a big motivator for Mamta — almost as if it were proof of her nationalism. “I feel proud, as if I have won a war. This act is towards the progress of our country, even if it is a small act,” she told Rest of World, “After all, Modi ji had asked to post and participate in this movement.” When asked about potential privacy concerns, she said, “I did not think much about it.” Like Mamta, millions of Indians ignored privacy concerns under the pretext of nationalism — or under the influence of the massive publicity exercise where film stars and cricketers encouraged participation in the program — and willingly uploaded their personal identification details on the Har Ghar Tiranga website.
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Who is the head of higher education?

A chancellor is a leader of a college or university, usually either the executive or ceremonial head of the university or of a university campus within a university system, In most Commonwealth and former Commonwealth nations, the chancellor is usually a ceremonial non-resident head of the university.

In such institutions, the chief executive of a university is the vice-chancellor, who may carry an additional title such as president (e.g. “president & vice-chancellor”). The chancellor may serve as chairperson of the governing body; if not, this duty is often held by a chairperson who may be known as a pro-chancellor,

In many countries, the administrative and educational head of the university is known as the president, principal or rector, In the United States, the head of a university is most commonly a university president. In U.S., university systems that have more than one affiliated university or campus, the executive head of a specific campus may have the title of chancellor and report to the overall system’s president, or vice versa.
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Which Organisation regulates higher education?

Ministry of Education, Department of Higher Education The University Grants Commission is a statutory organization established by an Act of Parliament in 1956 for the coordination, determination and maintenance of standards of university education. Apart from providing grants to eligible universities and colleges, the Commission also advises the Central and State Governments on the measures which are necessary for the development of Higher Education.
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Which State is first in Jal Jeevan Mission?

Goa becomes first Har Ghar Jal Certified state; PM Modi says, 10 crore rural households provided piped water connection under Jal Jeevan Mission. Prime Minister Narendra Modi on Friday said, 10 crore rural households of the country have been connected to piped clean water facility.
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Which State become 1st Har Ghar Jal State?

All 2.63 lakh rural households of Goa& 85,156 of Dadra & Nagar Haveli and Daman & Diu have access to potable water through tap connection – Posted On: 18 AUG 2022 6:23PM by PIB Delhi Goa and Dadra & Nagar Haveli and Daman & Diu (D&NH and D&D) becomes the first ‘Har Ghar Jal’ certified State and UT in the country respectively, where people from all the villages have declared their village as ‘Har Ghar Jal’ through a resolution passed by Gram Sabha, certifying that all households in the villages have access to safe drinking water through taps, ensuring that ‘No One is Left Out’.

  • All 2.63 lakh rural households of Goa & 85,156 of Dadra & Nagar Haveli and Daman & Diu have access to potable water through tap connection.
  • Jal Jeevan Mission is a flagship programme of Government of India which was announced from the ramparts of Red Fort by visionary Prime Minister on August 15, 2019.

The mission aims to make provision of potable tap water supply in adequate quantity, of prescribed quality and on regular & long-term basis to every rural household of the country by 2024. The program is implemented by Government of India in partnership with States/UTs. Despite various disruptions and challenges faced during COVID-19 pandemic, the consistent efforts by Panchayat representatives, Pani Samitis, District and State/UT officials of Goa and D&NH and D&D have led tothis achievement.All schools, anganwadi centres, public institutions including Gram Panchayat buildings, healthcare centres, community centres, ashramshalas, and other government offices have now access to potable water through tap connection. The process of certification has been detailed out in the Margdarshika of Jal Jeevan Mission according to which first of all, the field engineer submits a completion certificate regarding water supply scheme to the Panchayat during Gram Sabha meeting.

  • The villages confirm through a resolution of the Gram Sabha, that every household is getting regular supply of water of prescribed quality and not a single household is left out.
  • They also confirm that all schools, anganwadi centers and other public institutions also getting tap water.
  • Village Water and Sanitation Committee (VWSC) or paani samiti has been constituted in all the 378 villages of Goa and 96 villages of D&NH and D&D.

VWSC is responsible for operation, maintenance and repair of water supply infrastructure developed under ‘Har Ghar Jal’ programme. This sub-committee of Gram Panchayat also has the responsibility to collect user charge which will be deposited in the bank account and shall be used to pay honorarium of the pump operator and carry out minor repair work from time-to-time.

Water Quality is an important aspect of the mission and to ensure the same, at least five women in every village are trained to carry out water testing. Today more than 10 lakh women in the country have been trained to use Field Test Kits (FTKs) for testing the quality of water supplied in rural households.

More than 57 lakh water samples have been tested by these women using Field Testing Kits (FTKs) Following Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi’s vision of “Sabka Saath, Sabka Vikas, Sabka Vishwas aur Sabka Prayas”, more than 52% rural households in the country are now connected with tap water which was only 17% at the time of launch of this transformational mission on August 15, 2019.
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When was Jal Jeevan Mission declared?

‘Jal Jeevan Mission’ Scheme was declared in the Unio Free 10 Questions 10 Marks 7 Mins The correct answer is 2021 – 22, Key Points

In 2021-22, Rs 50,000 crore was allocated for the Jal Jeevan Mission. Launched in 2019, the Jal Jeevan Mission, a flagship programme of the Modi government, aims to provide tap water connections to rural households by 2024, So far, tap water connections have been given to 8.7 crore rural households. Jal Jeevan Mission is envisioned to provide safe and adequate drinking water t hrough individual household tap connections by 2024 to all households in rural India. The programme will also implement source sustainability measures as mandatory elements, such as recharge and reuse through grey water management, water conservation, and rainwater harvesting. The Jal Jeevan Mission will be based on a community approach to water and will include extensive Information, Education and communication as a key component of the mission. The Jal Jeevan Mission will be based on a community approach to water and will include extensive Information, Education and communication as a key component of the mission. JJM looks to create a jan andolan for water, thereby making it everyone’s priority.

India’s #1 Learning Platform Start Complete Exam Preparation Daily Live MasterClasses Practice Question Bank Mock Tests & Quizzes Trusted by 3.4 Crore+ Students : ‘Jal Jeevan Mission’ Scheme was declared in the Unio
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What is India’s 2022 Flag Code?

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What is Khadi flag?

Khadi and Village Industries Commission (KVIC) – KVIC is a statutory body, created in April 1957 in accordance with the ‘Khadi and Village Industries Commission Act of 1956′. It is an organisation under Ministry of Micro, Small & Medium Enterprises. The organisation seeks to plan, promote, organise, facilitate and assist in establishment and development of khadi & village industries across rural areas in association with other agencies involved in rural development.
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Can I hoist Indian flag at night?

Indian Flag Can Now be Flown Day and Night As Centre Amends Flag Code- Know All Details Here

  • Recently, the Ministry of Home Affairs changed the country’s flag law to facilitate the inauguration of the ‘Har Ghar Tiranga’ Campaign from August 13 to 15 as part of the ‘Azadi Ka Amrit Mahotsav,’ which will commemorate the country’s 75th anniversary of independence.
  • What is the Flag Code of India?
  • The Flag Code of India 2002 is a set of regulations and practices that govern how the Indian National Flag is used, displayed, and hoisted in the country.
  • It was enforced on January 26, 2002, replacing the provisions of The Emblems and Names (Prevention of Improper Use) Act, 1950, and The Prevention of Insults to National Honour Act, 1971, which covered actions involving the national flag prior to that date.
  • What exactly does the Flag Code say?
  • According to the Flag Code of India, 2002, a member of the public, private organization, or educational institute is permitted to fly the national flag on all days and events, ceremonial or otherwise, commensurate with the flag’s dignity and honor.

The code is broken into three sections. The first section provides an overview of the national flag. The second section discusses flag display by members of the public, private organizations, and other institutions. The third section discusses the display of the national flag by the federal and state governments, as well as their organizations/agencies.

  • Prior to the introduction of the 2002 code, the display of the national flag was governed by provisions of the Emblems and Names (Prevention of Improper Use) Act of 1950 and the Prevention of Insults to National Honour Act of 1971.
  • What Recent Changes have been made to the code? The Centre revised the Flag Code of India on July 20, 2022, allowing the national flag to be flown both during the day and at night if it is displayed in the open or on the property of a member of the public.

Previously, the tricolor could only be flown between sunrise and sunset. The government previously permitted the use of machine-made and polyester flags in an amendment dated December 30, 2021. Previously, such flags were not permitted. Join LAW TREND WhatsAPP Group for Legal News Updates-Click to Join Here are some pointers:

  • The Indian National Flag represents the hopes and aspirations of the people of India. It is the symbol of our national pride and there is universal affection and respect for, and loyalty to, the National Flag. It occupies a unique and special place in the emotions and psyche of the people of India.
  • The hoisting/use/display of the Indian National Flag is governed by the Prevention of Insults to National Honour Act, 1971 and the Flag Code of India, 2002. Some of salient features of the Flag Code of India, 2002 are listed below for the information of the public:
  • The Flag Code of India, 2002 was amended vide Order dated 305 December, 2021 and National Flag made of polyester or machine made Flag have been allowed. Now, the National Flag shall be made of hand spun and hand woven Or machine made, cotton/polyester/wool/silk khadi bunting.
  • A member of public, a private organization or an educational institution may hoist/display the National Flag on all days and occasions, ceremonial or otherwise, consistent with the dignity and honour of the National Flag.
  • The Flag Code of India, 2002 was amended vide Order dated 1 9th July, 2022 and clause (xi) of paragraph 2.2 of Part-Il of the Flag Code of India was replaced by the following clause:-

(x1) “where the Flag is displayed in open or displayed on the house of a member of public, it may be flown day and night;”

  • The National Flag shall be rectangular in shape.
  • The Flag can be of any size but the ratio of the length to the height (width) of the Flag shall be 3:2.
  • Whenever the National Flag is displayed, it should occupy the position of honour and should be distinctly placed.
  • A damaged or dishevelled Flag shall not be displayed.
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What Exactly Is the ‘Har Ghar Tiranga’ Campaign? Prime Minister Narendra Modi launched the “Har Ghar Tiranga” campaign on July 20, 2022, to convince people to carry the Tiranga home and hoist it to honor India’s 75th anniversary of independence. The initiative’s purpose is to instill patriotism in the people and have them observe Azadi Ka Amrit Mahotsav in honor of Jan Bhagidari.

Numerous events involving people from all walks of life will also be staged at various Freedom Struggle sites to demonstrate the nation’s unity and patriotism. The Indian government has made a number of steps to ensure that flags are available throughout the country. All Post Offices in the country must begin selling flags on August 1, 2022.

State governments have also collaborated with a variety of partners to provide and sell flags. The Indian National Flag has also been registered on the GeM platform.

  1. According to the PIB, the Indian government has engaged with a number of e-commerce platforms and self-help organizations to expedite the process of distributing the Flag.
  2. Written by-
  3. Rajat Rajan Singh
  4. Editor-in Chief at Law Trend
  5. Advocate at Allahabad High Court Lucknow

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What do we have to do in Har Ghar Tiranga?

Har Ghar Tiranga Campaign: How to Participate – Those who have accounts across social media platforms can participate by changing their profile pictures to that of the tricolour. Further, under the Har Ghar Tiranga campaign, citizens have to hoist the national flag as per the rules of the Flag Code of India.

The Flag Code is a set of rules and regulations devised by the government that pertains to the manufacturing, hosting, and disposing of, when the need arises, of the national flag. It also talks about the orientation, size, and base material of the flag. The code mentions various violations that can attract a fine or imprisonment as well.

Read | How Are 26 January and 15 August Flag Hoisting Different? Know Three Key Rules For instance, as per the Flag Code of 2002, the National flag should not be unfurled from a single masthead, touch the floor, fastened in a manner that may damage it, or displayed in an inverted manner.

  • Other restrictions include the national flag being used as a form of drapery, printed on handkerchiefs, or any dress material.
  • Under the Azadi Ka Amrit Mahotsav, from the 13th to the 15th of August, a special movement – ​​’Har Ghar Tiranga’ is being organised.Let us further this movement by hoisting the National Flag at our homes.

#MannKiBaat pic.twitter.com/NikI0j7C6Z — PMO India (@PMOIndia) July 31, 2022 Various states have taken steps and measures to mark the campaign as a successful one. In Maharashtra, the state government has asked state cooperation departments to ensure every housing society hoists the flag on Independence Day.

The same has been directed to all government and semi-government buildings. The city of Agra in Uttar Pradesh has claimed that a total of 20 crore households will be hoisting the national flag on the 75th anniversary of the Independence of India. The state government of Assam has pledged the manufacturing of 80 lakh tri-colour flags that will be distributed among households.

The government has assigned the job of manufacturing to a textile industry located in Bongaigaon which is working round the clock to achieve the mission. Read the Latest News and Breaking News here
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Was Har Ghar Tiranga campaign successful?

Why Har Ghar Tiranga resonated with citizens On August 13, while felicitating the Indian athletes who participated in the 22nd Commonwealth Games in United Kingdom, Prime Minister (PM) Narendra Modi touched upon the role of the Tricolour as a driving force in fostering unity and pride.

  • Addressing the athletes, the PM said that irrespective of the state, district, or village they belong to, their overwhelming desire is to perform their best for India.
  • The PM pointed out that the Tricolour served as a protective shield for those stranded in Ukraine (and were evacuated under the flag).

It became a symbol of protection and safety not only for Indians, but also for people of other countries who were evacuated from the battlefield by the Indian government. Nations that celebrate together bond together. So, the role of festivals in acting as a strong bond, uniting the people of India, cannot be overstated.

  • Moreover, national days such as Independence Day play a massive role in reminding us of the struggles and sacrifices our forefathers made to overthrow the British colonial empire.
  • With the successful completion of the Har Ghar Tiranga (a Tricolour in every home) campaign between August 13 and 15, this is an opportune moment to analyse why the programme resonated with citizens.

Over the last few months, various ministries of the central government, state governments, local bodies, non-governmental organisations, self-help groups, private organisations and citizens have been working towards making the Har Ghar Tiranga, a Jan Bhagidari campaign — a national citizen’s movement — with maximum community participation.

The role of governments has been that of facilitators — making appropriate changes to the flag code, ensuring the supply chain produces more than 200 million flags, and that these flags are available to every citizen. But it is the role of the citizen that needs to be acknowledged and applauded. Indians are inherently patriotic, and our national flag evokes pride, respect, and love.

At the same time, in a true democracy, people cannot be forced to celebrate events through unilateral government orders. Instead, people participate when they feel connected with the idea. Therefore, the success of Har Ghar Tiranga embodies the inherent patriotism of every Indian as symbolised in the Tiranga,

Most citizens believe that the government is empathetic and willing to do everything possible to provide basic infrastructure — toilets, housing, tap water, health care, roads, telecom, air and banking services. These are being provided not only in cities but across smaller towns and villages. The poor have seen that the government has put in its best efforts to ensure that the supply of food and basic amenities are not disrupted during the pandemic, and the world has acknowledged the Indian government’s handling of the pandemic as one of the best.

Every Indian now knows that the government will do whatever it takes to protect them anywhere in the world, whether in Yemen or Ukraine. At the same time, Indians are also aware that we have a government willing to acknowledge its shortcomings and work harder to address them.

At no time since Independence have more Indians felt that the nation is heading in the right direction than today. Not surprisingly then, Har Ghar Tiranga evoked an outpouring of expression and a sense of immense pride in the country. Regardless of their economic status, there is an inherent sense of optimism among people that India can grow to be one of the world’s most developed countries, with economic prosperity reaching its millions.

India is a land of festivals that reflect the country’s diverse culture. Traditional Indian festivals such as Dussehra, Ganesh Chaturthi, Pongal, Bonalu, Diwali, Durga Puja, Chhath Puja and many others are celebrated by entire communities. Many of these festivals are celebrated over many days before culminating in a grand finale, during which time the community unitedly performs activities that bond them.

  • We must also remember that this is done without significant government support and is a community initiative.
  • It is striking to note that across India, people adopted a similar approach to celebrating the Har Ghar Tiranga initiative.
  • Drawing from their own lived experiences of celebrating our traditional festivals, the event evolved into a series of community-based activities and programmes.

It became inclusive and had avenues for everybody to participate — debates, poster-making for children and students, bike rallies and flash mobs for the youth, and prabhat pheris (early morning rounds) and cultural programmes for adults and senior citizens.

The Har Ghar Tiranga campaign tapped into the traditional community festival-based syntax and semantics of the Indian people and this is a crucial reason for its success. Many people participated enthusiastically in the programme and adopted it as their own. From Kashmir to Kanyakumari, from Kibithu to Kutch, one could see the infectious energy and the sense of ownership with which India participated in the movement.

This can be attributed to what the flag signifies to every Indian. It could mean different things to different people. It signifies opportunities and hope for a brighter tomorrow for the youth. It encourages and inspires sportspersons to push harder in pursuit of glory for the country.

It sends a message to our soldiers that a country of 1.38 billion is behind them, and praying for their well-being. But all meaning eventually converges towards optimism and hope for the future of the country. The government’s performance over the last eight years gave the Har Ghar Tiranga initiative much-needed credibility, and the PM’s call to reach out to millions of Indians, led to near-universal participation from all walks of life.

As in the past, be it in the Give It Up Campaign where the PM urged people who do not require LPG subsidies to give them up or in asking Indians to pay their respects to the Covid-19 frontline workers, this time too, the aam janta (common people) responded positively to the PM’s clarion call with more than 60 million selfies with the Tricolour and almost near-universal participation.
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When should we remove Har Ghar Tiranga?

Har Ghar Tiranga: Here is how to appropriately dispose of the national flag Citizens should follow the rules stated in the Flag Code of India 2002 to remove and store the national flag or dispose of it after use on Independence Day. The government launched the ‘Har Ghar Tiranga’ campaign from August 13 to 15 urging all citizens to hoist the national flag in their homes to mark the 75 years of independence.

The campaign ended on Monday and those who participated in it will now have to bring down the Indian national flag and store or dispose of it respectfully. Dec 10, 2022 IST 4 Min(s) Read Dec 09, 2022 IST 3 Min(s) Read Dec 09, 2022 IST 3 Min(s) Read Dec 09, 2022 IST 4 Min(s) Read Here is a look at how the national flag can be stored or disposed of.

Storing the national flag The Ministry of Culture had earlier shared a guide on how to correctly fold the national flag. Through a tweet, the ministry laid down four steps to fold the national flag correctly.

Step 1: After bringing down the Indian national flag, it must be placed horizontally. Step 2: The two bands, saffron and green, will have to be folded beneath the white band. Step 3: The citizens need to fold the white band in such a manner that the Ashoka Chakra is visible with parts of the saffron and green bands. Step 4: They need to carry the folded Indian national flag in their arms or palms and store it in a safe place. Disposing of a damaged flag According to the Flag Code of India, a damaged or soiled national flag has to be destroyed “as a whole in private, preferably by burning or any other method considering the dignity of the National Flag.” Paper flags

Paper flags, mostly used by children, should not be discarded on the ground. Like damaged flags, the ones made of paper should be discarded in private, “keeping in mind the dignity of the National Flag.” Penalty and imprisonment Violations of the provisions laid down under the Prevention of Insults to National Honour Act, 1971, which also lays down rules to prevent insult to the national flag, can lead to fine or imprisonment up to three years.

  • Some of these rules are mentioned below.
  • The national flag cannot be used as a drapery in any form, except in state funerals or armed forces or other para-military forces funerals.
  • The flag cannot be part of a costume, uniform or accessory that is worn below the waist of any person.
  • The national flag cannot be used as embroidery or print on handkerchiefs, napkins, undergarments, cushions, or any dress material.

There can be no lettering or inscription on the national flag. The citizens must ensure that the flag does not touch the ground or the floor or trail in water intentionally. Flags cannot be used to cover a building. The tricolour cannot be displayed intentionally with the ‘saffron’ down.
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How to celebrate Har Ghar Tiranga in school?

Students hold the national flag and participated in a ‘Tiranga Rally’ to commemorate the 75th anniversary of India’s independence. Students made posters showing their undying spirit for the country. They also made political map of India by forming a chain.
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