What Did Hari Singh Think About Getting An Education?

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What Did Hari Singh Think About Getting An Education
Answer: Hari Singh realised the importance of education he was receiving from Anil. He knew that learning how to read and write and being a literate person would open doors to many opportunities. He was sure that he would then be able to earn more than a few hundred rupees he had in hand at that time.
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What does Hari Singh think about education?

What did hari Singh think when What did hari Singh think when he was standing alone on the deserted platform ? Posted by Chirag Prajapati 2 years, 2 months ago When Hari Singh stood alone on the deserted platform he started to think about Anil. He thought about himself and the life he has been living.

The money he had stolen from Anil was the largest amount of money he had stolen ever. With that money, he could have enjoyed a life of Arab but he chooses to move back to Anil. Hari Singh realized that what education would give to him can never be bought by the amount of money. He remembered that Anil was the person who had trusted him, sheltered him, and had promised to teach him.

In return, he had robbed him and ran away. Hari Singh didn’t go inside the train and planned to move back to Anil. : What did hari Singh think when
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What did Hari say about the importance of education?

Q.1. Why did Hari Singh not make many friends? Ans. Hari Singh did not have friends as he believed that friends were more trouble than help. Moreover, he did not want to make anyone curious.Q.2. Why did Hari Singh decide to come back to Anil? Ans. Had Singh decided to come back to Anil because he felt that when Anil would come to know about the theft, he would feel sad, not for the loss of money but for the loss of trust.

He did not want to lose his trust.Q.3. Why did Hari Singh choose Anil to be his next victim? Ans. H ari Singh was an experienced thief. He found Anil, a wrestler an easy-going, kind and simple man, the correct person for his purpose. He found him an easy target to win confidence.Q.4. Why did Had Singh not go to his friend’s house or a hotel just after he missed the train? Ans.

Hari Singh did not have any friends and he did not want to make anyone curious about staying at one of the small hotels near the station.Q.5. Why was it difficult for Han Singh to rob Anil? Ans. It was difficult to rob Anil because he was the most trusting person Hari Singh has ever met.

  1. According to Hari Singh, it’s easy to rob a greedy man because he can afford to be robbed but it’s difficult to rob a careless man because he doesn’t even notice that he’s been robbed and that takes all the pleasure out of the work.Q.6.
  2. Why did Hari Singh tell lies about cooking? Ans.
  3. Hari Singh said that he could cook but when he cooked the meal at night, it was so terrible that Anil gave it to a stray dog and told him to be off.

But then Anil patted him and said that he would teach him to cook.Q.7. Why was the thief able to steal from Anil easily? Ans. A nil was a person who trusted Hari Singh easily. Also, he seemed to be a slightly careless person. Thus, his gullibility and trusting nature made it easy for Hari to rob him.Q.8.

Why did Had Singh tell lies about cooking? Ans. Hari Singh knew that Anil would hire him only if he could cook. However, Hari did not know how to cook. Still, as he wanted to somehow rob Anil, he told the lie to gain entry into Anil’s house.Q.9. Why did Hari Singh feel bad after stealing the money? Ans.

Anil had trusted Hari Singh completely and also taught him how to cook. Anil also) started teaching him how to read and write. Thus, when Hari stole money from Anil, conscience pricked him as he had broken Anil’s trust.Q.10. What are the different reactions of the people when they are robbed? Ans.

  1. According to Had Singh, different people react differently upon being robbed.
  2. The greedy man displays fear, the rich man shows anger, and the poor man shows acceptance.
  3. However, a trusting man like Anil would be sad due to the loss of trust.Q.11.
  4. Why did Anil decide to pay Hari Singh regularly? Ans.
  5. Anil handed Hari Si h fifty-rupee note as payment for his services.

He went on to that since he had started making money, he would pay Hari regularly. However, I knew about Hari and did not want him to be tempted again for want of money.Q.12. Describe Had Singh, the young and successful thief. Ans. Had Singh was a fifteen-year-old boy who had already gained much expertise in the field of thievery.

  • He knew how to find prospective victims, and used his intelligence to get close to them.
  • Even when he was being taught how to read and write, his first thought was how he could use it to his benefit while thieving.Q.13.
  • Why did Anil hire Hari Singh? Ans.
  • Anil hired Had Singh because Had Singh himself expressed his desire to work for him.

When Anil told him that he could not pay him, Had Singh asked him if he could feed him. Anil replied that if he knew how to cook, then he may work for him.Q.14. How did Had Singh realize that Anil knew about his theft? Ans. Anil gave him a fifty rupees note in the morning, which was still damp from the night’s rain.

  1. Anil told him that he would start teaching him how to write full sentences and smiled at him.
  2. This made Had Singh realize that Anil knew everything.Q.15.
  3. What was Anit’s job? What did he usually do with the money he earned? Ans.
  4. Anil was a writer.
  5. He wrote articles for magazines.
  6. He had no regular source of income.

He earned by fits and starts. When he earned some money, he would go out to celebrate.Q.16. What does the thief say about the reactions of different types of people when they were robbed? Ans. Hari Singh had found that a greedy man’s face showed panic. The rich man showed anger and the poor man showed a sense of resignation.Q.17.

How did he think Anil would react when he discovered the theft? Why did he think so? Ans. Hari Singh thought that when Anil would come to know of the theft, his face would show a touch of sadness. It would not be for the loss of money but for the loss of trust.Q.18. What made him come back to Anil? Ans.

Anil had been teaching Hari Singh to read and write. He thought that without education, he would remain only a thief. But with education, he would become a big, clever and respected man. This made him come back to Anil.Q.19. What did Anil give him in the morning? In what condition was it? Ans.

  1. Anil gave him a fifty-rupee note in the morning.
  2. It was still wet from the night’s rain.Q.20.
  3. How did the thief realised that Anil knew that it had been stolen? Ans.
  4. Anil gave a fifty rupee note to the thief.
  5. It was still wet from the night’s rain.
  6. So, the thief realised that And knew that it had been stolen.Q.21.

How did the thief know that Anil had forgiven him? Ans. And did not express in any way that he knew about the stealing. Moreover, he promised to pay him regularly. He also promised to continue with his leaching hint full sentences.Q.22. Why did the thief smile without any effort towards the end of the story? Ans.

The thief was under tension that his master would be angry with him for stealing the money. But Anil did not express any anger. He said that he would pay him regularly and would remain to continue teaching him full sentences. This made him tension free and he smiled without any effort.Q.23. Why. according to Hari, is it difficult to rob a careless man? Ans.

Hari thinks that it is difficult to rob a careless man. Sometimes he does not even notice that he has been robbed. This takes out the joy of robbing him.Q.24. Why did Hari Singh think of doing some real work? Ans. By ‘real work’ Hari Singh means stealing.

  1. He wants to steal Anil’s money because he has not stolen anything for a long time.
  2. Secondly, Anil is a careless mail.
  3. If Han Singh did not steal his money, he would waste it on useless things.Q.25 What made him think that he could live like an oil-rich Arab for some time? Ans.
  4. Hari Singh was a poor boy.

He stole Anil’s bundle of notes. It was a sum of 600 rupees. Hari Singh thought that he could live in luxury like an oil-rich Arab for some time on this stolen money.Q.26. Why should he find friends to be more trouble than help? Ans. Hari Singh was a very poor boy.

  1. Those whom he knew were also poor like him.
  2. So, he thought that friends would be troublesome.Q.27.
  3. Why did he feet’ nervous about going back to Anil’s room? Ans.
  4. Hari Singh decided to go back to Anil and replace the stolen money under the mattress.
  5. But he felt nervous about going there.
  6. He thought that it was much easier to steal something than to return it undetected.Q.28.

How was Hari Singh’s ‘appealing smile’ at the end different from similar smiles of his on earlier occasions? Ans. On earlier occasions, Hari Singh’s ‘appealing smile’ had been artificial. It was full of flattery. But in the end, his smile was real. It was natural and appealing.Q.29.

Who is ‘I’ in this story? Why did he change his name every month? Ans. In this story ‘I’ is a boy thief of 15 years. He often changed his name every month to avoid being caught by the police and his former employers. This time he tells that his name is Han Singh.Q.30. Why did Hari Singh smile in his most appealing way? Ans.

Hari Singh cooked food for Anil. He did not know anything about cooking. Anil could not eat it. He threw it to a stray dog. He asked the boy to go away from his house. But the boy did not want to leave him. So, he smiled in his most appealing way.Q.32. Why was the thief grateful to Anil? Ans.

  1. The thief was grateful to Anil because he gave him a job.
  2. Secondly, he promised to teach him to read and write.Q.33.
  3. Why did he want to become an educated man? Ans.
  4. He was an uneducated person.
  5. He made his living by stealing and cheating others.
  6. He thought if he were educated there would be no limit to what he would achieve.Q.34.

Who was the narrator or the boy thief, Had Singh? Ans. Hari Singh was a thief. Even at the age of fifteen, he was a seasoned, experienced and a successful thief. He used to change his name every month to avoid the police and his former employers. He knew all the tricks of his trade.

  • He knew how to steal money even when the money was tucked under the victim’s bed.Q.35.
  • How and when did Hari Singh meet Anil? Ans.
  • Hari Singh met Anil during a wrestling match.
  • He found Anil easy going, kind and simple enough to suit his purpose.
  • Anil’s trusting nature could help him with stealing.
  • Therefore, he offered himself to work for Anil.

Anil had no regular income and couldn’t afford to pay him. But still Had Singh exploited Anil’s generosity and he forced Anil to keep him in his house.Q.36. Anil couldn’t afford to pay Hari Singh. Why did he allow Hari Singh to stay with him? Ans. Hari Singh offered himself to work for Anil.

  1. Anil didn’t have a regular income and couldn’t afford to pay him regularly.
  2. Hari Singh wanted to exploit such a kind-hearted and simple man like Anil.
  3. He lied that he knew how to cook.
  4. Anil was forced to allow Hari Singh to stay with him in his house.Q.37.
  5. Why was it so difficult for Had Singh to rob a trusting and unsuspecting person like Anil? Ans,
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The fifteen-year-old thief, Han Singh was an experienced and a fairly successful hand. It was easy to rob a greedy man because he could afford to be robbed. But it was very difficult to rob a careless and unsuspecting man like Anil. The unsuspecting Anil didn’t even notice that he had been robbed.

  1. That could take all the pleasure out of the work of theft.Q.38.
  2. Why did Had Singh justify himself to rob Anil? Ans.
  3. No doubt, Han Singh was experienced and clever enough to justify his actions.
  4. He justified the robbing of a careless and unsuspecting man like Anil.
  5. Hari Singh told himself that he was out of practice.

He must rob. If he didn’t take the money, Anil would waste it on his friends. Moreover, Anil didn’t pay him.Q.39. Why did Hari Singh lie that he knew how to cook? Why did Anil have to throw the food cooked by Hari to the stray dogs? Ans. Hari Singh had carefully chosen a kind, careless and unsuspecting target in Anil.

  • When Anil asked if he knew how to cook, Hari Singh replied that he did.
  • He deliberately lied.
  • The food he prepared was really terrible.
  • Anil had to throw it away to the stray dogs.Q.40.
  • How did Hari Singh feel working for Anil? Did Anil know that Hari Singh was making a little money from purchases? Ans,

Hari Singh felt quite pleasant working for Anil. He would make tea for him in the morning. He would take his time for the day’s supplies. Usually, Hari would make a profit of about a rupee a day. Anil; mew about the stealing. But he allowed Had to do so because he couldn’t afford to pay him regularly.

  • He didn’t mind it.Q.41.
  • How did Anil get that substantial money that he brought home in a bundle? How did it tempt Hari Singh? Ans,
  • Anil had no regular income.
  • He wrote for magazines.
  • One day he came home with a small bundle of notes.
  • He had just sold a book to a publisher.
  • Hari saw Anil tuck the money under the mattress of his bed.

Such a large amount of money and his unsuspecting master made Had Singh decided to steal it.Q.42. How did Hari Singh steal the money that Anil got from selling his book to a publisher? Ans. Had Singh saw with his own eyes how Anil tucked the bundle of money under the mattress of his bed.

  1. When Anil was asleep, Had Singh crept up to the bed.
  2. He slid his hand under the mattress and drew the money out of the bundle without making a sound.
  3. Anil sighed in his sleep and turned on his side, towards him.
  4. Han Singh got startled and quickly came out of the room.Q.43.
  5. Describe Had Singh’s dilemma at the station.

Why didn’t he jumped into a compartment of the Lucknow Express when he could? Ans. When he reached the station, Hari Singh did not stop at the ticket office because he never bought a ticket earlier. The Lucknow Express was just moving out. He could have jumped into one of the carriages.

  • But he hesitated.
  • Perhaps, he had not made a final decision in this regard.Q.44,
  • What did Hari Singh think when he was standing alone on the deserted platform? Ans.
  • The train had gone.
  • Had Singh was in a dilemma.
  • He was standing alone on the deserted platform.
  • He had no idea where to spend the night.
  • He had no friends.

Nor did he want to go to a hotel. The only person whom he knew and who could perhaps help him was the man whom he had robbed a few hours ago.Q.45. What did Hari Singh do in the ‘maidan’ and how did the notes become damp? Ans. From the station, Had Singh found himself in the ‘maidan’.

He sat down on a bench. The November night was chilly. The heavy rain added to Han Singh’s discomfort. His shirt and pajamas stuck to his skin. He sat down in the shelter of the clock tower. He felt for the notes. They were damp from the rain.Q.46. How did Hari Singh forget about his education in the excitement of his theft? What did he think about it in the end? Ans.

Anil taught Had Singh to write his name. He also promised to teach him making complete sentences and adding numbers. In his excitement of the theft, he forgot all about his education. But good sense prevailed and in the end, he realised that education could give him respect and much more money.Q.47.

  • Did Hari Singh understand the value of education? How can you prove it? Ans.
  • Hari Singh clearly understood the value of education.
  • Education could bring him respect, status and money.
  • If he learned how to write like an educated person, the sky would be the limit for him.
  • In the heat and excitement of the theft, he forgot all about it.

He decided to have an education at any cost and went back to Anil.Q.48. How and when did Hari Singh put the stolen money back at the same place from where he had stolen? Did Anil know it? Ans. Hari Singh came back to Anil’s room. He was feeling quite nervous.

He crept to the head of the bed. His hand found the edge of the mattress. He slipped the notes under the mattress. Yes, Anil was aware of everything that was taking place in the room.Q.49. Why didn’t Anil hand Had Singh over to the police even when he knew all about the theft? Ans. Anil was careless and unsuspecting but not a fool.

He knew how the boy stole money out of daily shopping. He also knew all about the theft of his 600 rupees. He could have easily handed him over to the police. However, he didn’t want to ruin Had Singh’s life. He wanted to give an education to the unfortunate boy.
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Why did Hari Singh want to become an educated?

Footprints Without Feet – This story has been written by Ruskin Bond. The story has a simple plot with important message. There is a small time thief who befriends a struggling author; in the plans of making a steal. Anil; the struggling author is a good fellow who wants to teach Hari Singh how to read and write.

  • Gradually, Anil develops trust in Hari Singh.
  • But Hari Singh has been waiting for the right moment to make a killing by doing what he is best at.
  • After stealing money from Anil, Hari Singh tries to go away forever.
  • But some inner voice stops him from doing so.
  • He returns to Anil because he wants to live a life of respect.

Anil does not show that he knew about the incident and accepts Hari Singh with open arms. Thus, a well intentioned person tries to reform a teenager who had diverted from the correct path. Question 1: What are Hari Singh’s reactions to the prospect of receiving an education? Do they change over time? What makes him return to Anil? Answer: Hari Singh’s reactions to the prospect of receiving an education change over time.

When he started living with Anil he wanted to be literate so that he could become a more cunning cheat. Later on there is a change in his heart. He wants to earn respect in life. Probably he is influenced by the calm in Anil’s life. Although, both of them depend on irregular sources of income, but Anil seems to be more satisfied.

Hari Singh develops a desire to be part of the civilized society. Question 2: Why does not Anil hand the thief over to the police? Do you think most people would have done so? In what ways is Anil different from such employers? Answer: The wetness of notes must have given the idea of Hari Singh’s act to Anil.

  1. But Anil is pleased with the fact that Hari returned whatever he had stolen.
  2. This must have given him a hope for Hari Singh’s desire to change.
  3. That is why he did not hand over Hari to police.
  4. People like Anil are hard to find.
  5. Most people would have reacted in predictable ways by thrashing Hari Singh and calling police.

Anil is different because he wants his servant to become literate. He wants his servant to lead a respectable life in future. Question 3: Do you think people like Anil and Hari Singh are found only in fiction, or are there such people in real life? Answer: Both Anil and Hari Singh are rare in society.

  1. Especially the changed Hari Singh after he decides to go back to Anil is difficult to find.
  2. Question 4: Do you think it a significant detail in the story that Anil is a struggling writer? Does this explain his behaviour in any way? Answer: Hari Singh’s observation about Anil getting irregular income and Anil’s statement about his sale of a book to a publisher indicates that he is a struggling writer.

He lives life according to the flow of money he gets at a given time. When he gets the money he enjoys eating out with his friends. When he is having less money then he even doesn’t accept paying salary to Hari Singh. Question 5: Have you met anyone like Hari Singh? Can you think and imagine the circumstances that can turn a fifteen-year-old boy into a thief? Answer: I have met several people who help needy people and help them specially in becoming literate.

Fifteenth year is a very dangerous phase of life as it is teenage. A deep scar on mind or a deep sense of greed can make criminal out of ordinary boys and girls. There is a chance of Hari Singh getting a sound rebuke from his parents for asking some costly thing. Or there is equal chance of Hari Singh spoiling his consumption pattern beyond his means.

Question 6: Where is the story set? Which language or languages are spoken in these places? Do you think the characters in the story spoke to each other in English? Answer: The story is set in Uttar Pradesh somewhere near Lucknow. The town is having an important railway station as express trains have stoppage over there.
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What are Hari Singh’s reaction to the prospect of receiving and education class 10?

Answer: Hari Singh’s reactions to the prospect of receiving an education change over time. When he started living with Anil he wanted to be literate so that he could become a more cunning cheat. Later on there is a change in his heart. He wants to earn respect in life.
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Did Hari Singh want to become an educated man?

Expert-Verified Answer He wanted to be a literate person so that he would be as equal as all intelligent merchants and thiefs. He also wanted to extend his thief rule and also wanted that by educating he may get more ideas to rob one.
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What was Hari Singh reaction to the prospect of receiving education?

Think about it. – 1. How does the thief think Anil will react to the theft? Solution : The thief thought that on discovering the theft, Anil’s face would show a touch of sadness. The sadness would not be for the loss of money, but for the loss of trust.2.

What does he say about the different reactions of people when they are robbed? Solution : In his short career as a thief, he had made a study of men’s faces when they lost their goods. He said that the greedy men showed fear; the rich men showed anger and the poor men showed acceptance.3. Does Anil realize that he has been robbed? Solution : Yes, Anil had realized that he had been robbed.

He knew this probably because all the notes were wet and damp from the rain. However, he did not say anything to the thief and behaved normally.4. What are Hari Singh’s reactions to the prospect of receiving an education? Do they change over time? (Hint: compare, for example, the thought: “I knew that once I could write like an educated man there would be no limit to what I could achieve” with these later thoughts: ‘Whole sentences, I knew, cloud one day bring me more than a few hundred rupees.

  1. It was a simple matter to steal − and sometimes just as simple to be caught.
  2. But to be a really big man, a clever and respected man, was something else.”) What makes him return to Anil? Solution : Hari Singh’s reactions to the prospect of receiving an education change over time.
  3. When he started living with Anil he wanted to be literate so that he could become a more cunning cheat.
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Later on there is a change in his heart. He wants to earn respect in life. Probably he is influenced by the calm in Anil’s life. Although, both of them depend on irregular sources of income, but Anil seems to be more satisfied. Hari Singh develops a desire to be part of the civilized society.5.

Why does not Anil hand the thief over to the police? Do you think most people would have done so? In what ways is Anil different from such employers? Solution : Anil does not hand the thief over to the police because he has put the money back at its place. It shows that he realized his fault. He wants to make amends for his ways.

He must have felt guilty with himself. Anil wants to give him one more chance and therefore forgives him.No, in today’s world most people would not have done so. Although it must be done but such sort of patience and compassion are rarely found now a days in this human world.
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What Krishna says about education?

1. The true meaning of education: – We may derive the true meaning of education through the virtuous knowledge (Satwika Gyan) as emphasized by Krishna (18:20). Virtuous knowledge is that through which we perceive unity in diversity and sense the Brahma (i.e., God or Parmeshwar) in all the creatures on this earth.

  1. Image Source: i.ytimg.com Thus we may accept according to the philosophy of Gita that true education is that which helps one to see the existence of God (i.e., Brahma) in the soul of an individual Arjun was delusioned at the start of the battle.
  2. Rishna (his Guru) helps him to see the whole epitomised in one individual Krishna, i.e., God Himself.

Thus Krishna tries to help Arjun to see point that he (Arjun) cannot kill any one’s soul which resides in Brahma (God) Himself.
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Why is education important class 7?

It develops our analytical skills, character and overall personality. Education helps a person in nourishing his present and future by ensuring aim of the life. Quality and importance of the education is increasing day by day.
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What was Anil thinking towards education?

Ncert Solutions for Class 10 English Chapter 2 – The Thief’s Story How does the thief think Anil will react to the theft? The thief thought that on discovering the theft, Anil’s face would show a touch of sadness. The sadness would not be for the loss of money, but for the loss of trust.

  1. What does he say about the different reactions of people when they are robbed? In his short career as a thief, he had made a study of men’s faces when they lost their goods.
  2. He said that the greedy men showed fear; the rich men showed anger and the poor men showed acceptance.
  3. Does Anil realize that he has been robbed? Yes, Anil had realized that he had been robbed.

He knew this probably because all the notes were wet and damp from the rain. However, he did not say anything to the thief and behaved normally. What are Hari Singh’s reactions to the prospect of receiving an education? Do they change over time? (Hint: compare, for example, the thought: “I knew that once I could write like an educated man there would be no limit to what I could achieve” with these later thoughts: ‘Whole sentences, I knew, cloud one day bring me more than a few hundred rupees.

It was a simple matter to steal − and sometimes just as simple to be caught. But to be a really big man, a clever and respected man, was something else.”) What makes him return to Anil? Initially, when Anil offered to educate him, he thought of it as a bright prospect for himself. He knew that once he could write such as an educated man, there would be no limit to what he could achieve in his field.

For him, the motivation behind getting educated was robbing people. However, later, when he had stolen Anil’s money and then missed his train in which he would have escaped, he realized that he had completely forgotten about the whole sentences that Anil had promised to teach him to write.

  • He thought about getting educated in a different light.
  • He thought that it was a simple matter to steal and be caught, but to be a really big, clever and respected man was something else.
  • He was inspired by the trusting and simple nature of Anil.
  • This motivation to earn someone’s trust and be respectable made him return to Anil.

Why does not Anil hand the thief over to the police? Do you think most people would have done so? In what ways is Anil different from such employers? Anil does not hand over the thief to the police because he realized that Hari had learnt his lesson and had changed for the better.

Otherwise, he would never have come back and kept the money at the same place from where he had stolen it. Anil even knew how Hari cheated him of a rupee a day while buying the day’s supplies. But he never said anything to him. This is such a case where most people would have handed him over to the police.

Anil was different from such employers because he was a modest and trusting man. He had offered to teach Hari how to cook and also to educate him. When he found out that Hari had stolen the money, but had kept it back, he knew that it was Hari’s conscience that had made him do so.
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What is the importance of literacy and education when does Hari finally Realise this?

Answer: Hari Singh realised the importance of education he was receiving from Anil. He knew that learning how to read and write and being a literate person would open doors to many opportunities. He was sure that he would then be able to earn more than a few hundred rupees he had in hand at that time.
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Why did Hari Singh choose?

Solution : Hari Singh was an experienced thief. He found Anil, a wrestler an easy-going, kind and simple man, the correct person for his purpose. He found him an easy target to win confidence.
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What benefit did Hari see in becoming literate?

Hari Singh realised the importance of education he was receiving from Anil. He knew that learning how to read and write and being a literate person would open doors to many opportunities. He was sure that he would then be able to earn more than a few hundred rupees he had in hand at that time.
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What Rabindranath Tagore thought about education?

I f one thing is said to have not changed since time immemorial, it is the greatest esteem for knowledge and respect for the learned in our society. Had there been no evolutionary development of speech and spread of knowledge through language, it’s difficult to imagine how humanity would have flourished.

  1. This could be one reason why even in the 21st century parents constantly strive towards providing better education to their children.
  2. Unfortunately, the Indian education system at present is jay-walking.
  3. In-spite of being home for great philosophies on education, the system is failing to pick up messages from the subtle frequencies of great philosophers.

Our divine poet, Rabindranath Tagore was born during a period of strife in pre-independence India. He stood for the development of a free mind, free knowledge and a free nation. Even as a young boy he could sense that school was nothing but a dead routine and lifeless.

  1. He regarded schools as mills of rote learning with no freedom for creativity.
  2. Schooling almost had no influence in his life.
  3. According to him, the primary objective of education was to enable the preservation of the perfect symphony between one’s life and the world outside.
  4. There are four fundamental principles in Tagore’s educational philosophy; naturalism, humanism, internationalism and idealism.

Shantiniketan and Visva Bharathi are both based on these very principles. He insisted that education should be imparted in a natural surroundings. He believed in giving children the freedom of expression. He said, “Children have their active subconscious mind which like a tree has the power to gather its food from the surrounding atmosphere”.

He also said that an educational institution should not be ” a dead cage in which living minds are fed with food that’s artificially prepared. Hand work and arts are the spontaneous over flow of our deeper nature and spiritual significance”. According to him, “Education means enabling the mind to find out that ultimate truth which emancipates us from the bondage of dust and gives us wealth not of things but of inner light, not of power but of love.

It is a process of enlightenment. It is divine wealth. It helps in realization of truth”. The aim of education is to bring about perfection of man by dispelling ignorance and ushering in the light of knowledge. It should enable us to lead a complete life – economic, intellectual, aesthetic, social and spiritual.

The main objective of his school – Shantiniketan was to cultivate a love for nature, to impart knowledge and wisdom in one’s native language, provide freedom of mind, heart and will, a natural ambience, and to eventually enrich Indian culture. For Tagore, religion was an ideal. His ‘Visva Bharathi World University’ stood for his nobility of soul.

In the pamphlet named ‘The Centre of Indian Culture’, the poet expresses the ideals of Visva Bharathi. There he writes, ‘In education, the most inspiring atmosphere of creative activity is important. Primary function of the institution must be constructive; scope must be for all kinds of intellectual exploration.

Teaching must be one with culture, spiritual, intellectual, aesthetic, economic and social. True education is to realize at every step how our training and knowledge have an organic connection with our surroundings”. Tagore says, “We should know that the great task of our institution is to provide for the education of the mind and all the senses through various activities”.

Referring to religion, Rabindranath Tagore likens an educational institution to ‘a wide meeting place where all sects may gather together and forget their differences’. In the memorandum of association of the Visva Bharati, Tagore writes the objectives as, “To study the mind of man in its realization of different aspects of truth from diverse points of view, the culture of Visva Bharati is the culture of man and its keynote lies in the truth that human personality is not a mean trifle, it is also the Divine personality”.

He also lays emphasis on the learner’s contact with nature. Apart from physical activity, nature teaches a man more than any institution. Educational institutions should realize the importance of this fact and inculcate co-curricular activities to good effect. Tagore believes that, one of the main aims of education is to prepare the individual for the service of the nation and education stands for human regeneration, cultural representation, harmony and intellectualism.

Educational institutions should build on the power of thinking and imagination in an individual and help turn herself/himself into a self-sustained building block of human society and a creative canvas of nation on the whole. To quote Tagore: “A day will come when the unvanquished man will retrace his path of conquest, despite all barriers, to win back his lost heritage”.

  • Let us hope that the same quote applies to our Indian education system.
  • Tagore’s foresight on natural environment as background to child’s education is much needed at present because of the lack of breathing space in the current school curriculum.
  • A child is bogged down to amass grades and marks throughout its schooling, which also builds pressure on the parents.

Not to even mention school fees that are shooting through the roof, the present schooling gives lesser importance to the well-being of a child. We have reached the point where most schools are run without even playgrounds. If we keep tripping without trying to learn from failures, we might end up with a dislike for the very process of walking, and thereby miss all the pleasures of the gift of evolution.
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What was Mahatma Gandhi ji’s view on education?

Gandhi’s concept of education and its ethical perspectives for the development of peace By Dr. Akham Hemabati Devi Gandhi was a utopian; he tried to bring ‘the Kingdom of God on the earth (Ram Rajya) where truth and non-violence would be guiding principles.

His utopianism arose out of his love for humanity. “Gandhi was humanist, shall we say from the first moment of his self consciousness.” 1 He firmly believed that the goodness of the individual formed the constituent part of the goodness of the society. Like John Ruskin, he considered ‘man’ is the most important to bring a peaceful and harmonious society.

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He says, “The individual is the one supreme consideration.” 2 “Man is neither mere intellect, nor the gross animal body, nor the heart or soul alone. A proper and harmonious combination of all the three is required for making of the whole man and constitutes the true economics of education.” 3 His concept of political system is closely connected with education.

  1. In a good political system, there must be the element of goodness necessarily present in every man.
  2. There is the need of a proper education system to the individuals in order to bring out such element of goodness.
  3. He talks about education is more comprehensive than that of the literal meaning.
  4. He says, “By education I mean an all round drawing out of the best in child and man-body mind and spirit.

Literacy is not the end of education not even the beginning. It is one of the means whereby man and women can be educated. Literacy in itself is no education.” 4 He thought that education is closely associated with the socio-economic development of the society.

He took up scheme for basic education in which vocational training or work experience is the utmost important. It is due to the fact that it stimulates the human mind for creative thinking or dignity of manual labour. He thought that such creative thinking should be taken up from primary to higher level education.

His view on basic education is greatly influenced by his philosophy of satya (truth), ahimsa (non-violence), firm belief in God, dignity of labour. The Kothari Commission also followed Gandhi’s ideal of vocational training in education. This commission says, “We recommend that work experience should be introduced as an integral part of all India education-general or vocational.

We define work experience as participation in productive work in school, in the home, in a workshop, on a farm, in a factory or in any other productive situation.” 5 This commission re-emphasizes the Gandhian principle of learning by doing in the modern education. The main aim of education is the development of human personality.

He expanded fourfold personality in the individual that is body, mind, heart and spirit. True education stimulates the spiritual, intellectual and physical strength of the individual. His view on education of heart which brings the idea of sympathy, fellowship and deep feelings of love.

The aim of education is not only to produce good individual but also one must understand one’s own responsibilities in which one lives. It is closely related to Hindu concept of varnashram dharma. One who understood his or her responsibilities would lead to the spirit of social consciousness and social mindedness.

Then, all the activities of such persons will have a social content as well as co-operation to others. He talks about education in terms of discipline. It is regarded as one of the most important parts and parcels of education. Without discipline, the sound education system is impossible.

  • It is a quality that one’s self can lead to the regulation of one’s intellectual, moral, spiritual and social behaviour.
  • It is stated that the goal of education consists of character-building.
  • Such character-building requires the moral, intellectual and social behaviour under all circumstances i.e., strength of personality, the virtue of compassion, kindness, fair-mindedness and the spirit of dedication.

Gandhi strongly holds that education is not end in itself but it is the most powerful weapon which creates all persons of genuine characters. There is degeneration of education when the qualities of truthfulness, firmness, tolerance are absence from it.

  • True education is life process which helps in cultivating the spirit of co-operation, tolerance, public spirit and a sense of responsibility.
  • All these qualities are considered as disciplines for the development of human personality.
  • Such disciplines can create the harmonious balance between the individuals and social aim of education.

His principle of ‘learning by doing’ tries to stimulate the individual’s mind to think creatively, independently and critically. His great emphasis on work-culture to the students from the primary stage to higher stage is to enable the students to start producing from the time he started his training.

So, his primary information of basic education is Head, Heart and Hand rather than Reading, Writing and Arithmetic. Gandhi also maintains that education is essential for the attainment of the goal of peace. It can be attained only through morality and ethics. According to Gandhi, education is the realization of the best in man – body, soul and spirit.

He maintained that education must be based on ethics and morality. Ethics and morality are integral to Gandhi’s life. All his thoughts, actions and speeches are based on these two concepts. From the ethical perspective, education may be considered as a means of attainment of salvation.

It helps to the path of the complete peace. Peace is the absence of violence and hostile thought. As a daily practitioner of non-violence, Gandhi right from his earlier stage considered that non-violence is an indivisible, important and essential part of education. We cannot be separated education from ethics, morality and spiritualism.

For this purpose Gandhi has given some rules for all students so as to ensure that morality and righteousness always be considered as an essential part of their education. Regarding this, such rules can make to right thinking, self-control, service to the society, respect to others and constant awareness for their duties and responsibilities.

Today, the world is suffering from immense crisis from many sides. Crimes, conflict, hatred and distrust between one community and another, hunger, unemployment, poverty and literacy, paucity of resources and pollution of environment, deforestation and desertification, swelling number of migrants and refugees, ethnic and sub-national violence, terrorism, drug trafficking, AIDS etc., all these altogether make a grave danger to peace.

The present day crisis is greater than the crisis that occurred during the time of Gandhi. The world is now full of violence. With the advancement of science and technology human being has invented many new technologies which are very helpful in our life.

In some other ways, some selfish people who used it as a weapon for gaining his desire wish and pleasures. An action done under the motives of selfishness is a kind of violence. Purity of means is an essential condition of realizing good ends. If a good end is to be attained, it is also essential that the means adopted for the realization of the end is also good.

He says, “if one takes care of the means, the end will take care of itself.” 6 End and means are the two important concepts in Gandhian philosophy which play very important implication for his doctrine of truth and non-violence. His principle of aparigraha is one of the most important to bring simple and peaceful living, co-operation with one another.

However, in our present day society we are facing so many conflicts. One of them is based on our knowledge which has been separated from work-ethics. Knowledge is separated in thought, in life as well as in market values by faulty psychology, faulty sociology and faulty economics respectively. Education plays an important role which helps to equip individuals with the skills and attitudes that are necessary in order to adapt in changing situations and to add the creative spirit in the task of social change.

What are Hari Singh’s reactions to the prospect of receiving an education? || The Thief’s Story ||

‘Work and knowledge should go together’ is the Gandhian principle of education. The educational systems try to develop the individual soul and mind, courage and self-reliance, cultivate the highest intellectual, scientific, moral and ethical accomplishments.

  1. Gandhi’s concept of education is of quite significance in the contemporary situation.
  2. His philosophical concept of education is entirely based on the development of human personality, to maintain the discipline, to create the manual work with learning and to develop the culture of the peace.
  3. He was a great educationist and an individualist par excellence.

He knew that education is the most important means in the society which can be used as an instrument of socio-economic progress, material advancement, political evolution and moral development of an individual. Gandhi’s whole philosophy and work was based on ethics and morality.

His concept of education is also founded on ethics and morality. It may be said that his concept of education has full of religious ideas. His idea of religion is different from common concept. His concept of religion is ‘service of humanity’. For the spirit of religions he propounded ‘Nai Talim’ or ‘basic education’.

This new education system, Archarya Kriplani says, ‘.is the coping stone of Gandhi’s social and political edifice’. His philosophical thought on education is highly pedestal that creates the socio-economic development of the society. We can draw a conclusion that his concept of education is not only the eradication of illiteracy but learning by doing.
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What does Hari Singh say about?

Answer: According to Hari Singh, different people reacted differently upon being robbed. The greedy man displays fear, the rich man shows anger, and the poor man shows acceptance.
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What was Anil thinking towards education?

Ncert Solutions for Class 10 English Chapter 2 – The Thief’s Story How does the thief think Anil will react to the theft? The thief thought that on discovering the theft, Anil’s face would show a touch of sadness. The sadness would not be for the loss of money, but for the loss of trust.

What does he say about the different reactions of people when they are robbed? In his short career as a thief, he had made a study of men’s faces when they lost their goods. He said that the greedy men showed fear; the rich men showed anger and the poor men showed acceptance. Does Anil realize that he has been robbed? Yes, Anil had realized that he had been robbed.

He knew this probably because all the notes were wet and damp from the rain. However, he did not say anything to the thief and behaved normally. What are Hari Singh’s reactions to the prospect of receiving an education? Do they change over time? (Hint: compare, for example, the thought: “I knew that once I could write like an educated man there would be no limit to what I could achieve” with these later thoughts: ‘Whole sentences, I knew, cloud one day bring me more than a few hundred rupees.

  1. It was a simple matter to steal − and sometimes just as simple to be caught.
  2. But to be a really big man, a clever and respected man, was something else.”) What makes him return to Anil? Initially, when Anil offered to educate him, he thought of it as a bright prospect for himself.
  3. He knew that once he could write such as an educated man, there would be no limit to what he could achieve in his field.

For him, the motivation behind getting educated was robbing people. However, later, when he had stolen Anil’s money and then missed his train in which he would have escaped, he realized that he had completely forgotten about the whole sentences that Anil had promised to teach him to write.

  1. He thought about getting educated in a different light.
  2. He thought that it was a simple matter to steal and be caught, but to be a really big, clever and respected man was something else.
  3. He was inspired by the trusting and simple nature of Anil.
  4. This motivation to earn someone’s trust and be respectable made him return to Anil.

Why does not Anil hand the thief over to the police? Do you think most people would have done so? In what ways is Anil different from such employers? Anil does not hand over the thief to the police because he realized that Hari had learnt his lesson and had changed for the better.

Otherwise, he would never have come back and kept the money at the same place from where he had stolen it. Anil even knew how Hari cheated him of a rupee a day while buying the day’s supplies. But he never said anything to him. This is such a case where most people would have handed him over to the police.

Anil was different from such employers because he was a modest and trusting man. He had offered to teach Hari how to cook and also to educate him. When he found out that Hari had stolen the money, but had kept it back, he knew that it was Hari’s conscience that had made him do so.
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