What Are The Causes Of Obesity In Physical Education?

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What Are The Causes Of Obesity In Physical Education
Obesity is generally caused by eating too much and moving too little. If you consume high amounts of energy, particularly fat and sugars, but do not burn off the energy through exercise and physical activity, much of the surplus energy will be stored by the body as fat.
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What are the causes of obesity Class 12 physical education?

Physical Education Class 12 Notes Chapter 3 Yoga and Lifestyle – Asana as Preventive Measures Asana refer to the many positions in which a person sits or stands to do yoga. It is a Sanskrit word which means a ‘physical posture’. Various types of physical postures or asanas means bending and stretching the body.

This stimulates blood circulation, balance the nervous system, benefits the various systems running in our body like digestive system, nervous system, cardiovascular system, muscles, joints etc. Asanas are beneficial for the mind, psyche and chakras (energy centres) thus preventing from many types of lifestyle diseases.

Asanas also help in receiving stress, treating anxiety and make a person mentally rejuvenated. Obesity The excess weight or deposition of excess fats on body is called obesity. It leads to various diseases like diabetes, heart diseases, hypertension, lowered pulmonary functions, lowers life expectancy.

Obesity is a condition where your Body Mass Index (BMI) is higher than 30. There are various reasons of obesity such as lack of proper exercise, eating habits, psychological factors, endocrine glands problems, familial tendency. Males are at high risk during age 29 to 35 and females are at risk during the age 45 to 49.

The risk increases with age. Various asanas can be practised effectively to reduce the weight, control obesity and achieve normal healthy condition of body and mind. The major asanas to control obesity are Vajrasana, Hastasana, Trikonasana and Ardha Matsyendrasana.

It is done in sitting posture. Stand on the knees with the lower legs, together and stretched backwards, the two, big toes crossing each other. Lower the body and sit on your heels. Rest your buttocks on the heels and the thighs on the calf muscles. Keep the hands on the knees and keep the head straight. Concentrate on breathing, start inhalation and exhalation.

Benefits

Vajrasana modifies the blood flow in the lower pelvic region. It increases the. efficiency of the digestive system. It helps to prevent acidity and ulcers by improving the digestion. It is a good meditative pose for those suffering from sciatica and severe lower back problems. Supta Vajrasana strengthens the muscles in back, neck and chest regions. It expands the chest and is good for lung problems.

Contraindications

Vajrasana should not be practised by those suffering from severe knee pain. This asana should be avoided by recent surgery patients of legs or waist. If feel any pain in the ankles during Vajrasana, release the pose and massage the ankle with the hands.

Hastasana Procedure

Hastasana is done in a standing posture. Start with standing in Tadasana and twist the arms in a way that the palms are positioned away from the torso along with thumbs facing backward. Inhale and along with it brush away your arms out and towards the roof. Bring the arms parallel to one another and then without bending the shoulders push the palms, tightly together. Expand the elbows completely and reach upwards. Then slightly slant your head backwards and look at the thumbs. The shoulder blades need to be slithered down the spine Exhale along with tilting the torso towards the front from the joints of the hip into standing in a forward bending position.

Benefits

It stretches the complete body and provides a good massage to the arms, spine, upper and lower back, ankles, hands, shoulders, calf muscles and thighs. It stretches the Organs of the stomach, and as a result enhances the digestive system and increases the capacity of the lungs. This asana helps in enhancing the blood circulation of the body. It helps in enhancing the body postures. It helps in alleviating nervousness and melancholy along with providing asenSe of Achievement. It helps in tightening the abdomen and helps in easing sciatica.

Contraindications In case of shoulder or neck injuries, experiencing dizziness’ While staring’upwards and in case of any other medical concerns. Trikonasana Procedure

This is done in a standing posture. Stand erect with feet about 3 feet apart with knees straight. Raise both the hands till they are in line with each other, parallel to the ground. Inhale when you are raising the hands. Now bend towards the right and slightly bend the knees and touch the right foot with the hands. Look up at the left hand. Exhale when you are bending down to touch the foot. Keep the eyes open throughout the practice. Return to the standing position. Repeat this with the left hand touching the left foot. Practise as many rounds as is comfortable.

Beneits

Strengthens the legs, knees, ankles, arms and chest. Stretches and opens the lower back region, groin area, hamstrings, calves, shoulders, chest and spine. Increases mental and physical equilibrium. Helps improve digestion. Reduces anxiety, stress, back pain and sciatica Contraindications. Avoid doing this if suffering from migraine, diarrhoea, neck and back injuries. Those with high blood pressure may do this pose but without raising their hand overhead, as this may further raise the blood pressure.

Ardha Matsyendrasana (Half Spinal Twist Pose] Procedure

This is done in a sitting posture. Sit with legs straight and stretched in front of you. Bend the right leg, lift it and place it on the left side of the stretched left foot. Bend the left leg and bring close to the body. Place it under the right buttocks. Take the left arm around the right leg and grab the toes of the right leg with the left hand. Now turn towards the right and simultaneously move the right hand behind the back. Twist the back and the neck as far right as possible. Exhale while twisting the back and neck. Breathe normally and slowly in this position. Repeat with the other leg.

Benefits

It is one of the best poses to improve the flexibility of the spine. It stimulates the liver and kidneys. It stretches the shoulders, hips and neck. It energises the spine. It stimulates the digestive fire in the belly. It relieves menstrual discomfort, fatigue, sciatica and backache. It is therapeutic for asthma and infertility.

Contraindications

Avoid during pregnancy and menstruation due to the strong twist in the abdomen. People with heart, abdominal or brain surgeries should avoid this asana. Avoid those who are having peptic ulcer or hernia. Those with severe spinal problems should avoid. Those with mild slipped disc can benefit but in severe cases it should be avoided.

Diabetes Diabetes is a better known lifestyle disease. It has become an epidemic worldwide. Yoga helps a lot to control and prevent this disease. Different asanas help to stimulate the production of insuline that helps in controlling diabetes. The asanas to control diabetes are Bhujangasana Procedure

This is done in lying posture. Lie on the stomach and rest forehead on the floor. Keep the feet and toes together and touch the ground. Place the hands at shoulder level and palms on floor. Inhale and lift the head, chest, abdomen and keep the navel on the floor take five breaths at least. Exhale slowly come down to rest with hands below the head slowly.

Benefits

It improves the blood circulation and energises the heart. It decreases menstrual irregularities in females. It strengthens muscles of chest, shoulders, arms and abdomen. It is effective in uterine disorder. It improves the function of reproductive organ. It improves the function of liver, kidney, pancreas and gall bladder. It helps to lose weight. It relieves menstrual discomfort and improves fertility. It reduces headache, anxiety, insomnia and sinusitis. It reduces abdominal fats and helps metabolism.

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Contraindications

Pregnant women should avoid this asana. Avoid those who are suffering from slip disc or sciatica problem and asthma. Ulcer patients also avoid this asana.

Contraindications

Avoid during pregnancy. People having a hernia problem and backache should not do this asana. Avoid those who are suffering from ulcer, heart problem or any surgeries like spine and brain.

Paschimottanasana Procedure

This is done in sitting posture. Sit on the floor with the outstretched legs. Inhale and lengthen the abdomen then lift the chest. Exhale bend forwards from the hips. Keep the shoulders open and the head up. Reach forwards and hold the big toes in a lock with the middle and index fingers. Inhale, lengthen the torso, bring the sternum forward. Exhale, bring the chest and abdomen down to the thighs and the elbows out to the sides. Stay in this position for 5 deep breaths and relax the muscles while exhale. Focus on stretching the hamstrings rather than getting the head to the knees.

Benefits

It stretches hamstrings, spine, shoulders and hip joints. It massages the pancreas and improves It relieves menstrual discomfort and improves fertility. It reduces headache, anxiety, insomnia and sinusitis. It reduces abdominal fats and helps metabolism.

Contraindications

Pregnant women should avoid this asana. Avoid those who are suffering from slip disc or sciatica problem and asthma. Ulcer patients also avoid this asana.

Pawanmuktasana Procedure

This is done in lying position. Lie flat on the back and keep the legs, straight, relax breathe,deeply and regularly. Inhale slowly and lift the legs and bend in the knees. Bring upwards to the chest till the thigh touches to stomach. Hug the knees in place and lock the fingers. Place the nose tip between the knees. Exhale slowly and come back to the original position i,e. Shavasana. This is very beneficial for stomach as The results are very impressive.

Benefits

It cures acidity, indigestion and constipation. It is helpful for those suffering from. gastrointestinal problems, arthritis, pain, heart problems and waist pain. It strengthens back muscle and cures back pain. It is very beneficial for reproductive organs and for menstruation disorder.

Contraindications

Those who are suffering from high blood pressure, hernia, heart problems, slip disc and ulcer should avoid. During pregnancy and menstruation, women should avoid this.

digestion. Ardha Matsyendrasana Procedure

This is done in sitting posture. Sit straight with stretching the legs in front of you then fold the left leg properly. Place the ankle near the hip. Place the right leg towards the outside of the left knee on the ground. Keep straight the left hand, while taking it near the outside of the right knee and hold the right toe. Fold the right hand behind the back and look backwards. The same should be repeated in the alternate position from the other side also.

Benefits

It increases the flexibility and function of vertebrae of the spine. It helps to cure constipation and indigestion. It increases oxygen supply to the lungs. It is beneficial for slipped disc patients. It is helpful in treatment of diabetes, constipation, cervical, urinary, spinal problems.

Contraindications

Avoid during pregnancy and menstruation cycle. People with cardiac problem, abdominal or brain surgeries should avoid this asana. People having peptic ulcer or hernia should avoid. Avoid those who are having severe spinal problems and mild slipped disc.

Asthma Asthma is a universal chronic airway inflammatory disease of the air passage caused by excessive air sensitiveness and airflow obstruction. The disease can be managed, controlled and cured by performing various asanas that help in curing asthma. The asanas to control asthma are Sukasana Procedure

This is done in a sitting position. Sit cross legged on the floor or any other flat surface. Bring one foot over the opposite knee. Place both the palms on your knees and close your eyes. Breathe slowly and concentrate on the breathing pattern. Continue breathing in the same way for 5 minutes.

Benefits

It helps to make the back stronger and elongate the knees and ankles. It is beneficial for opening the muscles of groin, hips and the outer thighs. It relieves from physical and mental tiredness and eliminates worries from the person’s mind. It can relive from backache as well as pain. It is a good posture to sit for a long time.

Contraindications

In case of severe knee and back injury, it is required to sit over the folded blanket or take the assistance of the bolster or pillow. If face difficulties in this pose then try placing the blanket or bolster under the thighs.

Chakrasana Procedure

This is done in lying posture. Lie down properly and look upward. Bring the feet closer to the hips and bend knees upward; keep a distance of about one foot between the feet. Bring up the hands near to the ears and put the palms on the ground as the fingers facing on the shoulders. Gradually, lift up the body in air by balancing on feet and rotate the head backward along with hands slowly. Reach the final position by stretching the whole body to forming a position look like a semi-circle. Now maintain this position as longer as possible. To reach the normal position, slowly lower down the body to touch the ground and release the hands and feet.

Benefits

It helps to strengthen liver, pancreas, kidneys and heart. It is good for infertility, asthma and osteoporosis. It strengthens arms, shoulders, hands, wrists and legs buttocks, abdomen and spine. It stretches the chest and lungs. It helps to stimulate the thyroid and pituitary glands. It helps to increase energy and counteracts depression.

Contraindications

Those who are suffering from diarrhoea, heart problems and hernia should avoid this. Avoid during pregnancy. Avoid those who have wrist, ankles and spine pain. Hypertension or hypotension person should avoid this asana.

Gomukhasana Procedure

This is a standing asana. Stand straight with the feet together. Slowly lift the toes and place them back on the floor. Pull up the kneecaps and squeeze the thighs. Inhale and lift up from the waist. Breathe and hold for 4 to 8 breaths. Exhale and drop the shoulders down.

Benefits

It improves body posture and reduces flat feet problem. Knees, thighs and ankles become stronger. Buttocks and abdomen get toned. It helps to alleviate sciatica. It also makes spine more agile. It helps to increase height and improve balance. It regulates digestive, nervous and respiratory systems

Contraindications

Avoid during headaches. Avoid during insomnia. Avoid during low blood pressure.

Vajrasana

It is done in sitting posture. Stand on the knees with the lower legs together and stretched backwards, the two big toes crossing each other. Lower the body and sit on your heels. Rest your buttocks on the heels and the thighs on the calf muscles. Keep the hands on the knees and keep the head straight. Concentrate on breathing, start inhalation and exhalation.

Benefits

It enhances blood circulation. It helps to improve digestion. Food gets digested well if one sits in Vajjasana after taking meals. It relieves excessive gas trouble or pain. Nerves of legs and thighs are strengthened. It helps to make knee and ankle joints flexible. It prevents from certain rheumatic diseases.

Contraindications

Avoid if acute trouble or stiffness in foot, ankle and knees. Avoid during slip disc conditions.

Pawanmuktasana Procedure

This is done in lying position. Lie flat on the back and keep the legs straight, relax, breathe deeply and regularly. Inhale slowly and lift the legs and bend in the knees. Bring upwards to the chest till the thigh touches to stomach. Hug the knees in place and lock the fingers. Place the nose tip between the knees. Exhale slowly and come back to the original position i.e. Shavasana. This is very beneficial for stomach abs. The results are very impressive.

Benefits

It helps to strengthen the back. It massages the abdominal muscles. It helps in digestion. It reduces belly fat.

Contraindications

Those who are suffering from high blood pressure, hernia, heart problems, slip disc and ulcer should avoid. During pregnancy and menstruation, women should avoid this.

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Ardha Chakrasana Procedure

This is a standing asana. Stand straight and arms alongside the body. Balance the weight equally on both feet. Breathing in, extend the arms overhead, palms facing each other. Bend backwards, push the pelvis forward, keeping the arms in line with the ears, elbows and knees straight, head up and lifting the chest towards the ceiling. Breathing out, bring the arms down and relax.

Benefits

It stretches the front upper torso. It tones the arms and shoulder muscles.

Contraindications

Avoid during headache. Avoid during serious back injury.

Bhujangasana Procedure

This is done in lying posture. Lie on the stomach and rest forehead on the floor. Keep the feet and toes together and touch the ground. Place the hands at shoulder level and palms on floor. Inhale and lift the head, chest, abdomen and keep the navel on the floor and take five breaths at least. Exhale slowly and come down to rest with hands below the head slowly.

Benefits

It increases immunity. It strengthens the back muscles and spinal cord. It helps to cure lumbago and lower back pain problems. It helps to cure kidney related diseases. It gives fast cure for disorders of ovaries in women.

Contraindications

Avoid during pregnancy. People having a hernia problem and backache should not do this asana. Avoid those who are suffering from ulcer, heart problem or any surgeries like spine and brain.

We hope the given CBSE Class 12 Physical Education Notes Chapter 3 Yoga and Lifestyle will help you. If you have any query regarding NCERT Physical Education Class 12 Notes Chapter 3 Yoga and Lifestyle, drop a comment below and we will get back to you at the earliest. : Class 12 Physical Education Notes Chapter 3 Yoga and Lifestyle
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What is obesity class 12 physical education?

Obesity is a disorder in which excessive body fat has accumulated that increases the of health problems. It occurs when the body mass index is 25 or greater.
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What is obesity class 11 physical education?

Obesity is a condition that occurs in an individual due to excess accumulation of fat due to a fat-rich diet. If a person’s body weight is at least 20% higher than it should be, he or she is considered obese.
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What is obesity the cause of?

Overview – Obesity is a complex disease involving an excessive amount of body fat. Obesity isn’t just a cosmetic concern. It’s a medical problem that increases the risk of other diseases and health problems, such as heart disease, diabetes, high blood pressure and certain cancers.

There are many reasons why some people have difficulty losing weight. Usually, obesity results from inherited, physiological and environmental factors, combined with diet, physical activity and exercise choices. The good news is that even modest weight loss can improve or prevent the health problems associated with obesity.

A healthier diet, increased physical activity and behavior changes can help you lose weight. Prescription medications and weight-loss procedures are additional options for treating obesity.
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What are three causes of obesity?

Obesity is a complex disease that occurs when an individual’s weight is higher than what is considered healthy for his or her height. Obesity affects children as well as adults. Many factors can contribute to excess weight gain including eating patterns, physical activity levels, and sleep routines. Social determinants of health, genetics, and taking certain medications also play a role.
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What is the largest cause of obesity?

What causes obesity and overweight? – The fundamental cause of obesity and overweight is an energy imbalance between calories consumed and calories expended. Globally, there has been:

an increased intake of energy-dense foods that are high in fat and sugars; and an increase in physical inactivity due to the increasingly sedentary nature of many forms of work, changing modes of transportation, and increasing urbanization.

Changes in dietary and physical activity patterns are often the result of environmental and societal changes associated with development and lack of supportive policies in sectors such as health, agriculture, transport, urban planning, environment, food processing, distribution, marketing, and education.
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What are the causes of obesity 11th class?

– Eating more calories than you burn in daily activity and exercise — on a long-term basis — can lead to obesity. Over time, these extra calories add up and cause weight gain. But it’s not always just about calories in and calories out, or having a sedentary lifestyle. While those are indeed causes of obesity, some causes you can’t control. Common specific causes of obesity include:

genetics, which can affect how your body processes food into energy and how fat is stored growing older, which can lead to less muscle mass and a slower metabolic rate, making it easier to gain weight not sleeping enough, which can lead to hormonal changes that make you feel hungrier and crave certain high-calorie foods pregnancy, as weight gained during pregnancy may be difficult to lose and might eventually lead to obesity

Certain health conditions can also lead to weight gain, which may lead to obesity. These include:

polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), a condition that causes an imbalance of female reproductive hormonesPrader-Willi syndrome, a rare condition present at birth that causes excessive hunger Cushing syndrome, a condition caused by having high cortisol levels (the stress hormone) in your system hypothyroidism (underactive thyroid), a condition in which the thyroid gland doesn’t produce enough of certain important hormones osteoarthritis (OA) and other conditions that cause pain that may lead to reduced activity

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What are the symptoms of obesity in physical education?

Causes and symptoms – Although obesity can be a side effect of certain hormonal disorders or use of certain medications, the primary cause of obesity in children and adolescents is excess calorie consumption coupled with a sedentary lifestyle. Children and adolescents living in the twenty-first century are the most inactive generation ever.

The majority of schools no longer offer daily physical education classes; and active leisure activities, such as bicycle riding, have been replaced by sedentary activities, such as television watching and playing computer games. Studies have documented dramatic changes in childhood food consumption from the 1970s to 2004.

Fast foods and foods eaten at other restaurants have increased by 300 percent since 1977, and soft drink consumption has also increased significantly. In addition, standard meal portion sizes and snacking have increased. Obesity is the result of a complex interaction of genetics and environmental factors.

Genetics influence how the body regulates appetite and metabolism, while certain environmental factors encourage excess calorie consumption. The body requires a certain amount of energy for basic metabolism and to support additional physical activity. When calories consumed from food and beverages equal calories expended during physical activity, body weight is maintained.

When calories consumed exceed calories expended, weight gain results. To gain one pound, 3,500 additional calories must be consumed. In American society, excess calories are easily consumed just by drinking soft drinks and eating “supersized” fast food meals.

A sedentary lifestyle results in far fewer calories being burned daily. The major symptoms of obesity are excessive weight gain and the presence of large amounts of fatty tissue. Obesity can cause a number of other conditions, including type 2 diabetes, hypertension, high cholesterol, joint pain, asthma, hypothyroidism, and gallstones.

Type 2 diabetes, previously referred to as adult-onset diabetes, has increased dramatically in children, and this increase has been directly linked to obesity.
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What is obesity in physical fitness?

Introduction – Obesity represents a significant public health concern with one-third of adults classified as living with obesity in the United States. It correlates with cardio-metabolic comorbidities that can decrease the quality of life. Researchers have proposed that exercise is an important lifestyle measure to maintain a healthy weight.

This review will cover the role of exercise in obesity and fitness. Obesity is an excessive fat accumulation in adipose tissues and is defined by a body mass index (BMI) of 30 kg/m2 and above. Individuals in the BMI range of 25 to 30 kg/m2 are categorized as overweight while a BMI of 40 kg/m2 and above is regarded as morbid obesity.

Obesity correlates with an individual’s increased risk of cancers, stroke, metabolic disease, heart failure, and other cardiovascular conditions, highlighting the need to reduce the incidence and prevalence of obesity. Chronic low-grade inflammation associated with obesity is hypothesized to have associations with adverse cardio-metabolic side effects.

  • Although short-term inflammation is beneficial to initiate an immune response, chronically elevated levels of inflammation exhaust the immune system and contribute to immune dysfunction.
  • Researchers posit that this inflammation is stimulated by the excess adipose tissue, which has consistently shown to play a role as an active endocrine organ.
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Reducing adipose tissue is one of the ways to reduce weight in individuals with obesity, and is necessary to mitigate negative cardio-metabolic co-morbidities in obesity. Two methods exist that can effectively decrease adipose tissue and include:

  • Dietary modification
  • Energy expenditure modification (i.e., exercise)

Thus, increasing energy expenditure can help reduce excess adipose tissue and obesity. The current guidelines put out by the American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM) include either aerobic or anaerobic exercise. Aerobic exercise (i.e., running, cycling, rowing, etc.) is an exercise that exhausts the oxygen in the muscles, but oxygen consumption is sufficient to supply the energy demands placed on the muscles and does not need to derive energy from another source.

On the other hand, anaerobic exercise (or resistance exercise, i.e., weight lifting) is oxygen consumption that is not sufficient to supply the energy demands placed on the muscles, and muscles must break down other energy supplies, such as sugars, to produce energy and lactic acid. Physical activity (PA), is included in the exercise, although it does not necessarily include structured exercise plans/sessions.

The measurement of exercise is conducted in “metabolic equivalent tasks” (METs), which roughly equate to the effort and energy expenditure it takes for an individual to sit quietly. Physical activity is frequently incorporated into different lifestyle interventions, highlighting the need for regular amounts of physical activity throughout the day.
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What is obesity and examples?

Key facts –

Obesity is defined as excessive body fat that increases your risk of health problems. A person with obesity has a body mass index (BMI) over 30, while a person who is overweight has a BMI between 25 and 30. Most people with obesity and people who are overweight take in more energy from food and drink than they use up with physical activity. In most cases, a kilojoule-controlled diet and regular physical activity will help you to lose weight and feel healthier. If you are struggling to lose weight with diet and exercise, speak to your doctor about other treatments that may help.

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What is obesity in simple words?

What Does It Actually Mean to Be Overweight or Obese? – At their most basic, the words “overweight” and “obesity” are ways to describe having too much body fat. The most commonly used measure of weight status today is the body mass index, or BMI.

BMI uses a simple calculation based on the ratio of someone’s height and weight (BMI = kg/m 2 ). Decades of research have shown that BMI provides a good estimate of “fatness” and also correlates well with important health outcomes like heart disease, diabetes, cancer, and overall mortality.

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What is obesity in PDF?

Introduction: Obesity is defined as an abnormal or excessive fat accumulation that presents a risk to the health. The main cause of weight gain and obesity is the imbalance between the amount of calories you take in and the calories you burn.
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How can you prevent obesity class 11 physical education?

Solution –

Avoid fast foods, fried items, and meat with more fat. Eat fruits and vegetables, legumes, whole grains, and nuts. Do regular physical exercises. Don’t play games on computers and mobile phones. Have proper sleep time.

Concept: Obesity and Its Prevention Is there an error in this question or solution? Advertisement Remove all ads Chapter 1: Food – Evaluation Q V.3. Q V.2. Q V.4.
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Why obesity is a problem?

Weight Problems Take a Hefty Toll on Body and Mind – In the old spiritual, “Dem Bones,” each body part is linked to the next one in line: the thigh bone to the knee bone, the knee bone to the leg bone, and so on. But one body “part”-weight-is connected to virtually all of the others.

A healthy weight sets the stage for bones, muscles, brain, heart, and others to play their parts smoothly and efficiently for many years. Excess weight, especially obesity, diminishes almost every aspect of health, from reproductive and respiratory function to memory and mood. Obesity increases the risk of several debilitating, and deadly diseases, including diabetes, heart disease, and some cancers.

It does this through a variety of pathways, some as straightforward as the mechanical stress of carrying extra pounds and some involving complex changes in hormones and metabolism. Obesity decreases the quality and length of life, and increases individual, national, and global healthcare costs.

  1. The good news, though, is that weight loss can curtail some obesity-related risks.
  2. 1) Losing as little as 5 to 10 percent of body weight offers meaningful health benefits to people who are obese, even if they never achieve their “ideal” weight, and even if they only begin to lose weight later in life.

Entire books have been written detailing the effects of obesity on various measures of health. This article briefly summarizes associations between obesity and adult health.
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What is obesity summary?

Obesity URL of this page: https://medlineplus.gov/obesity.html Obesity means having too much body fat. It is different from being overweight, which means weighing too much. The weight may come from muscle, bone, fat, and/or body water. Both terms mean that a person’s weight is greater than what’s considered healthy for his or her height.

  • Obesity happens over time when you eat more calories than you use.
  • The balance between calories-in and calories-out differs for each person.
  • Factors that might affect your weight include your genetic makeup, overeating, eating high-fat foods, and not being physically active.
  • Obesity increases your risk of diabetes, heart disease, stroke, arthritis, and some cancers.

If you have obesity, losing even 5 to 10% of your weight can delay or prevent some of these diseases. For example, that means losing 10 to 20 pounds if you weigh 200 pounds. NIH: National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases

(National Institutes of Health)

The information on this site should not be used as a substitute for professional medical care or advice. Contact a health care provider if you have questions about your health. Learn how to cite this page : Obesity
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What are the basic causes of obesity?

Obesity is generally caused by eating too much and moving too little. If you consume high amounts of energy, particularly fat and sugars, but do not burn off the energy through exercise and physical activity, much of the surplus energy will be stored by the body as fat.
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What are the 4 factors that cause obesity?

Obesity is a complex disease that occurs when an individual’s weight is higher than what is considered healthy for his or her height. Obesity affects children as well as adults. Many factors can contribute to excess weight gain including eating patterns, physical activity levels, and sleep routines. Social determinants of health, genetics, and taking certain medications also play a role.
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What causes obesity answer?

Causes – Although there are genetic, behavioral, metabolic and hormonal influences on body weight, obesity occurs when you take in more calories than you burn through normal daily activities and exercise. Your body stores these excess calories as fat.

  1. In the United States, most people’s diets are too high in calories — often from fast food and high-calorie beverages.
  2. People with obesity might eat more calories before feeling full, feel hungry sooner, or eat more due to stress or anxiety.
  3. Many people who live in Western countries now have jobs that are much less physically demanding, so they don’t tend to burn as many calories at work.

Even daily activities use fewer calories, courtesy of conveniences such as remote controls, escalators, online shopping and drive-through banks.
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What is obesity Is it a disease explain your answer Class 12?

– Doctors consider obesity to be a condition in which a person develops excess body fat, also known as adipose tissue. Sometimes doctors may use the term “adiposity.” This term describes the state of excess fat tissue in the body. Carrying this extra fat can cause health complications, including type 2 diabetes mellitus, high blood pressure, and coronary heart disease.
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