How To Improve Education System In Bihar?


How To Improve Education System In Bihar
Eight measures proposed to improve education in Bihar

  • Voluntary Forum for education (RTE Forum, Bihar Chapter – a consortium of CSOs and INGOs, experts and politically influential persons in the field of education came together for a 10th State level education conference to understand the current status of Right to Education (RTE) implementation in Bihar with its achievements, gaps and challenges.
  • The conference discussed the gaps in a wholesome and holistic manner and concerns related to the school infrastructure, the training and development needs of teachers, role of Integrated Child Development Services (ICDS) centers in pre-school preparedness and child development in comparison to the private schools along with updation of pedagogy involving the SCERT etc.
  • The agenda of the conference covered the entire academic journey of a child starting from the ICDS, primary schools, middle schools, high and higher secondary schools to University level education.

During the conference, Caritas India was invited to share her experience for the improvement of education in Bihar. Ms. Shalinee Nashcar, Caritas India Officer suggested few necessary measures based on Caritas India education projects, Roshini and Hamari Pathshala from the grass wellbutrin online no prescription Desegregate data of student population like rat of student drop outs and factors like livelihood induced migration, child marriages, gender discrimination which help the state education department in addressing the educational needs of the migrant population through Alternative Innovative Education centre (AIEs) – a provision under RTE and Bihar Governemnt.

  • The end result is to make all students part of regular formal school.
  • Pedagogy – Review and enhance teaching methods in both formal regular school and AIE’s centres to make it more interactive incorporate technology meaning.
  • If we compare private schools and rural government schools, the former starts teaching computers as early as class 5 while government schools not necessarily have such provisions.

This becomes important since this addresses the concern of self confidence among children from both schools and their overall capacity in terms of employability. In line with the National Education Policy (input) the component of education must be revisited in the ICDS so as to enable private school like preschool such as nursery, LKG before being enrolled in class 1.

  1. Embolden teacher’s accountability of teaching against other ad-hoc responsibilities.
  2. Financial monitoring to be inbuilt in the policy as most of the time school infrastructure passed by SMC or Gram Sabhas does not get implemented due to inadequate/misappropriations of funds.
  3. Monitoring mechanism of teachers performance be incorporated in the education policy and it be linked to their annual appraisal process.
  4. Review the ‘No detention clause’ and its implications against overall academic performance of the students
  5. Boost Teacher-Student ratio and recruit subject expert teachers especially for students from class 5 onwards.
  6. Caritas India has been further invited to be part of the Stocktaking meeting at Delhi level in March vibramycin online no prescription

: Eight measures proposed to improve education in Bihar
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How is the education system in Bihar?

Quality of Education in Bihar – According to the 2011 census of India, Bihar has an overall literacy rate of 61.35 %, The male literacy rate of the state is 60.32%. The literacy rate of females is 33.57% which is much lesser than males in the state. The literacy rate is lower than the overall national average of 74.04%.

  • Bihar has 13.1% Private-unaided colleges.
  • Also, as per the survey of All India Survey of Higher Education (AISHE), Bihar has recorded the lowest gender proportion where female to male teachers’ ratio is 1:4 which is in percentage terms 75.3% for male and only 24.7% for female teachers.
  • Modern Bihar has an inadequate educational infrastructure creating a huge mismatch between demand and supply.
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This problem is further compounded by increases in population. The craving for higher education among the general population of Bihar has led to a migration of the student community from the state. However, in the recent years, the capital of Bihar has emerged as one of the major centres of learning in India. Patna imparts education in fields like technology, medicine, management, law, and fashion. Institutions of national repute have opened up in Patna increasing the opportunities in higher education in the state capital.

Course level Number of Enrolments
Under Graduate 1394296
Diploma 29019
PG Diploma 900
Certificate 4404
Integrated 1852
Post Graduate 77957
PhD 2228

Enrolment in Private and Government Colleges

Colleges Number of Enrolments
Private Un-Aided 87
Private Aided 95
Government 484

Specialization-wise number of colleges in Bihar

Specialization Number of colleges
General 480
Agriculture 6
Architecture 1
Arts 2
Commerce 1
Computer Application 1
Education/Teacher Education 54
Engineering and Technology 27
Fine Arts 1
Law 16
Management 2
Medical 17

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Why is the education system weak in Bihar?

History of Education – Historically, Bihar has been a major centre of learning, home to the ancient universities of Nalanda ( est.450 CE), Odantapurā (est.550 CE) and Vikramashila (est.783 CE). Nalanda and Vikramshila universities were destroyed by Islamic invader Bakhtiyar Khilji in 1200 CE.

Bihar saw a revival of its education system during the later part of the British rule, when Patna University, the seventh oldest university of the Indian subcontinent, was established in 1917. Some other centres of high learning established under British rule are Patna College (est.1839), Bihar School of Engineering (est.1900; now known as National Institute of Technology, Patna ), Prince of Wales Medical College (est.1925; now Patna Medical College and Hospital ), Science College, Patna (est.1928), Patna Women’s College, Bihar Veterinary College (est.1927), and Imperial Agriculture Research Institute (est.1905; now Dr.

Rajendra Prasad Central Agriculture University, Pusa ). The Patna University, one of the oldest universities in Bihar, was established in 1917, and is the 7th oldest university of the Indian subcontinent. Second oldest engineering college of India known as NIT Patna was established as survey training school in 1886 and later renamed as Bihar College of Engineering in 1932.

Subsequently, Indian government upgraded Bihar College of Engineering to National Institute of Technology (NIT) status in 2004 and granted Institute of National Importance status in 2007 in accordance with the National Institutes of Technology Act, 2007, Bihar was one of the key educational hub of east India before independence.

In the 1960s major educational reforms were implemented to streamline the education structure of state by the then education minister and educationist late Satender Narain Sinha ; however the phenomenal changes were short-lived as the successive governments failed to implement it.

  1. In 1964 Bihar School of Yoga was established at Munger,
  2. Bihar has an inadequate educational infrastructure creating a huge mismatch between demand and supply.
  3. This problem is further compounded by increases in population and governance issue specially during Lalu – Rabri era but revived after Nitish kumar became Chief minister.

Improved governance has led to an economic revival in the state through increased investment in infrastructure, better health care facilities, greater emphasis on education, and a reduction in crime and corruption. The craving for higher education among the general population of Bihar has led to a migration of the student community from the state.

This has led to a “flooding” of students to seek educational opportunities in other states, such as New Delhi and Karnataka, even for graduation level college education. Researchers found out that 37.8% of Bihar’s teachers could not be found during unannounced visits to schools, the worst teacher absence rate in India and one of the worst in the world.

In spite of the inadequate investment on education in Bihar, compared to other poorer Indian states, the students have done well.
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Who is the No 1 school in Bihar?

St Michaels High School – Established in 1858, St Michaels High School is considered one of the best schools in Bihar. It is a private and unaided school, located in Digha Ghat, Patna. The school has an affiliation with the Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE).
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What is the rank of Bihar in education?

States Education Index Base year ranks
Base year
Uttar Pradesh 32.81 18
Telangana 34.7 17
Bihar 30 19

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Which city is most educated in Bihar?

Bihar has a total literacy rate of 69.83%. Overall Male and Female literacy rate is 70.32% and 53.57% respectively. Total Rural literacy rate is 43.9%. In rural areas of Bihar, Male and Female literacy rate is 57.1 and 29.6 respectively. Total Urban literacy rate is 71.9.

  • In urban areas of Bihar, Male and Female literacy rate is 79.9 and 62.6 respectively.
  • Total number of literates in Bihar is 3,16,75,607 which consists 2,09,78,955 Male and 1,06,96,652 Female.
  • Rohtas has highest Literacy Rate of 73.37% followed by Patna (70.68%) and Bhojpur (70.47%).
  • Sitamarhi has lowest Literacy Rate of 51.08% followed by Purnea (51.18%) and Katihar (52.24%).

A recent survey by Pratham rated the receptivity of Bihari children to their teaching as being better than those in other states. Bihar is striving to increase female literacy, now at 53.3%. At the time of independence, women’s literacy in Bihar was 4.22%.
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What are the development issues in Bihar?

Bihar : Towards a Development Strategy The challenge of development in Bihar is enormous due to persistent poverty, complex social stratification, unsatisfactory infrastructure and weak governance; these problems are well known but not well understood.

  1. The people of Bihar – civil society, businessmen, government officials, farmers, and politicians – also struggle against an image problem that is deeply damaging to Bihar’s growth prospects.
  2. An effort is needed to change this perception, and to search for real solutions and strategies to meet Bihar’s development challenge.

The main mesage of this report is one of hope. There are many success stories not well known outside Bihar that demonstrate it strong potential, and could in fact provide lessons for other regions. A boost to economic growth, improved social indicators, and poverty reduction will require a multi-dimensional development strategy that builds on Bihar’s successes and draws on the underlying resilience and strengths of its people. Full Text of the Report (1.10mb) Table of Contents Executive Summary Chapter I : Development Challenges & Poverty in Bihar Chapter II : Improving the Climate for Investment and Growth Chapter III : Strengthening Public Finances Chapter IV : Governance and Public Administration in Bihar Chapter V : Service Delivery and Poverty Alleviation Policies Chapter VI : Towards a Development Strategy Annexure 1 : Poverty in Bihar : trends and correlates Annexure 2 : Some examples of transfer of funds to the state Annexure 3 : Issues in civil service reform
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Which district of Bihar is rich?

The most important problem that economy of Bihar is facing is concerned with the growing trend in disparities in development within Bihar. The extent of disparities can be better understand with the help of Gross District Domestic Product (GDDP) and Per Capita GDDP (Govt. of India, 2007). As such, the data related the GDDP and per capita GDDP are presented. It can be seen from the table that GDDP of Jehanabad and Arwal district has registered Rs.43,336. However, Patna has the highest GDDP amounting to Rs.291,482 lakh during 1998-99 at the constant price of 1993-94. This has increased to Rs.314,274 lakh during 1999-2000. Next to Patna is Muzaffarpur which has its GDDP amounting to Rs.157,831 lakh during 1998-99 but decreased to Rs.146,241 during the year 1999-2000. The lowest GDDP has been found in the district of Sheohar amounting to Rs.9,562 lakh in 1998-99 and Rs.10,874 lakh in 1999-2000. As such, Sheohar is the smallest district in the State from the point of view of GDDP. It can be noticed from the table that there are large variations in the GDDP between the districts. The highest level is Rs.314,274 in 1999-2000 in the Patna district whereas the lowest level is noted in Sheohar district having GDDP of Rs.10,874 lakh. Likewise, it can be noted from the table that the per capita GDDP in Jehanabad district is Rs.2975 indicating very low level of income. There are large variations in the per capita GDDP also. It is found that the per capita income is highest in Patna district (Rs.6958) followed by Rohtas (Rs.4615), Begusarai (Rs.4,414), Munger (Rs.4,285), Buxar (Rs.4285), Nalanda (Rs.3,879), Bhabhua (Rs.3,894) and Bhojpur (Rs.3,728). The lowest in the ladder is Sheohar (Rs.2,219), followed by Gopalganj (Rs.2,800), Araria (Rs.2,879), Madhubani (Rs.2,880), Sitamarhi (Rs.2,955), Saran (Rs.2,966), Darbhanga (Rs.2,970), Jahanabad and Arwal (Rs.2,975) and Siwan (Rs.3,067). Analysis reveals that barring Patna, the districts with per capita GDDP fall in the rice belt of Rohtas, Bhabhua, Buxar and Bhojpur, which have assured irrigation from Sone canal system. The backward districts of Sheohar, Siwan, Gopalganj and Sitamarhi fall in adverse climatic areas. Gross District Domestic Product (GDDP) and Per Capita GDDP at Constant (1993-94) Price

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District GDDP at Constant (1993-94) Prices (Rs. In Lakh) Per Capita GDDP at Constant (1993-94) Price (Rs.)
1998 – 99 1999 – 2000 1998 – 99 1999 – 2000
Patna 291482 314274 6638 6958
Nalanda 85609 89249 3791 3879
Bhojpur 87863 80340 4176 3728
Buxar 54965 57758 4193 4285
Rohtas 107516 108693 4689 4615
Bhabhua 46220 47934 3861 3894
Gaya 115172 121354 3565 3651
Jahanabad & Arwal 43336 43197 3067 2975
Nawada 53474 55962 3187 3235
Aurangabad 65043 67585 3480 3515
Saran 96813 92857 3171 2966
Siwan 81737 80142 3203 3067
Gopalganj 60317 57968 2987 2800
Muzaffarpur 157831 146241 4493 4058
E. Champaran 103848 113650 2827 3010
W. Champaran 109320 105718 3855 3623
Sitamarhi 63550 75464 2565 2955
Sheohar 9562 10874 2017 2219
Darbhanga 91270 93530 2984 2970
Madhubani 100928 99057 3009 2880
Munger 45019 47527 4172 4321
Sheikhpura 20109 19163 4129 3817
Jamui 27421 29070 3594 3736
Lakhisarai 40679 42781 3139 3202
Khagaria 38796 38653 3255 3153
Bhagalpur 84563 86239 3712 3689
Banka 49544 54161 3268 3488
Saharsa 41561 45511 2975 3160
Supaul 51480 58891 3164 3518
Madhepura 46923 48958 3297 3346
Purnia 74041 80125 3155 3305
Kishanganj 37193 41277 3092 3331
Araria 53898 58566 2729 2879
Katihar 77394 81446 3478 3557

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Who is the poorest district in Bihar?

Even though Bihar has the lowest per capita income in the country at Rs 5,772 against the national average of Rs 22,946, Patna recorded a per capita of Rs 30,441. Detailed Solution.

District Per Capita Income
Begusarai 45540
Munger 21019
Bhagalpur 15886
Sheohar 11383

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Who is the CBSE topper of Bihar?

What lies ahead for Sreeja? – Talking about her future, Sreeja says that she has a keen interest in science and has already taken admission in Science Stream at DAV-Public School – BSEB, Patna. Along with Class 11, she has already commenced her preparation for JEE Main 2022 Exam.

She wants to become an Electrical Engineer in future and wants to join IIT Madras for her further studies. Her success in Class 10 Board Exams clearly shows the talent that she possesses and the hard work she is ready to put in, to transform it into excellence. Her story of overcoming not only academic hurdles but also personal challenges and tragedies to become Bihar CBSE 10th Topper is surely an inspiration to everyone.

Also Read: CBSE 10th Topper Interview 2022: Meet Mayank Yadav from Noida who scored 500/500 to Bag the 1st Rank REGISTER FOR RESULTS UPDATES Get the Latest Education News updates on Indian Board, College, University Exam results and College News updates here.
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Why do we need to improve our education system?

Importance of improving the system of education – Governments all over the world are assured of a secure future for their children. This is because they are in the business of making lives better and moving from one level to a higher one. This way, children are inspired to study hard as they have to increase their capabilities.

This is a better way of making them forget their worries back home. It also helps them concentrate fully on their studies and nothing else. Also, it gives them a sense of self-confidence that will keep them walking towards the right direction. Motivational talks every now and then will also inspire them to reach for the stars.

It is not a false hope of achieving the best but only a way to help them chart their own destiny.
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