How Can 3D Printing Change Education?


How Can 3D Printing Change Education
As professionals across almost every industry—healthcare, aerospace, engineering, manufacturing, and entertainment—continue to increase investment in 3D printing, the technology becomes an ever greater part of our daily lives. Many educational programs have recognized this and incorporated 3D printing into their curricula, but widespread integration of additive manufacturing into education programs will rely on greater awareness of the many benefits of 3D printing for education. From K-12 schools to post-graduate college programs, 3D printing is a way for educators to encourage more active participation in the learning process. Though research studies abound on different learning styles and the effectiveness of diverse teaching methods, so much of traditional education still relies on rote memorization of reading material.3D printing offers a way for students to truly connect to the subject matter by physically manipulating ready-printed teaching aids or by designing tools themselves.

For K-12 students especially, this hands-on aspect of 3D printing in the classroom helps improve engagement and participation. To put this theory into practice, Formlabs partnered with Tech Boston Academy, a public high school in Dorchester, Massachusetts that focuses primarily on technology education.

Over the course of a 13-week program, Formlabs employees gave lectures and guided the students through a project-based course, culminating in a ‘hackathon’ where students designed, modeled, and 3D printed a tool. The students were able to problem-solve and use CAD skills to develop a solution, then bring their ideas into reality with the Formlabs 3D printers. FormEd program participants from Boston Tech Academy in the Formlabs Experiential Hub. These types of in-person interactions are invaluable for developing young adults. In today’s educational environment, however, face-to-face instruction isn’t always possible.3D printing ensures that each student has access to the hands-on tools they need and gives teachers the power to change those tools or print extra if necessary.

  • Our curriculum is very physical.
  • We need machines, building tools, and laser cutters.
  • So one of the casualties of going through the pandemic was that we couldn’t do much physical modeling or physical objects,” says Michael Silver, an architecture professor at the University of Kentucky,
  • Relying on his previous experience with Formlabs 3D printers in the university’s labs, Silver brought a Form 2 home with him, had students send him their STL files, and printed their models out to be discussed at the final evaluation for the class.

“We were able to continue to make physical objects during the period of quarantine.3D printing gave us the ability to still physically implement a prototype during quarantine with everybody only meeting through Zoom and doing remote learning,” Silver said.

Dental school is expensive, no matter what country you’re in. Part of that cost is due to the highly specialized tools that dental students need to learn. Dr. Gülşah Uslu, an instructor in the dental school at Canakkale Onsekiz Mart University in Turkey, began using 3D printers as a way to reduce costs and source a set of tools for each student, rather than ask students to share.

Typically, dental students go through a hands-on training program before they treat their first patient under supervision in the clinic. This training is either conducted on artificial anatomical models or on extracted teeth, both of which are expensive and difficult to procure. Formlabs reseller BTech Innovation has printed 13,000 anatomically accurate teaching aids. Hands-on learning is a major tenet of Morrison Tech’s program, which partners with local industry leaders to deliver a practical, experience-based curriculum. Morrison Tech President Chris Scott sees 3D printing as a way to accelerate a typical manufacturing process, benefiting both the students learning how to 3D print in their classes today, and the companies they’ll one day be a part of.

We can see things much more clearly, and indicate where problems may occur, or what may not work or may not feel right to the consumer,” Scott said. “A secondary goal is how can we bring products to market more quickly and more aggressively, and I think that’s where additive manufacturing really starts to shine.

We can shorten that design cycle.” As Scott sees it, hands-on learning through 3D printing allows students to identify issues with the things they’re working on much more quickly than working only in a digital medium. Morrison Tech has integrated 3D printing into their curriculum for years, and it has not only benefited students by accelerating their learning, but by preparing them for jobs in the manufacturing industry through Morrison Tech’s many partnerships with local giants like Wahl Clippers, John Deere, and Caterpillar. The Form 3L and Form 2 printers at Morrison Tech. Programs like Morrison Tech partner with local industry leaders for mentorship and internship opportunities. These types of ‘town and gown’ relationships are invaluable for students looking to secure references, practical experience, and real-world problem-solving skills.3D printing is becoming an ever more important part of that practical experience as manufacturers are scaling their 3D operations and looking for skilled employees.3D printing provides students an accessible way to meaningfully contribute to the workplace during internships and entry-level positions.

  1. Traditional large manufacturing methods rely on expensive equipment and structured workflows—students were relegated to observing the structure or were given menial tasks.
  2. With 3D printing, students can take ownership and leverage their CAD skills to design a product idea or a repair part, something the current workforce might not have the time or the knowledge base to do.

The students gain valuable experience and skills, while the business gains new perspectives and practical solutions at no cost. The Fuse Series printers are ideal for both functional prototyping and industrial quality end-use production—perfect for students to contribute meaningfully in internships and with local businesses. It’s not just large businesses that can benefit—students at Penn State’s Innovation Hub partner with local start-ups and small manufacturers to 3D print low-volume end-use parts.

One project involved students printing small widgets for a local business owner that couldn’t afford a tool made for such a small volume. The students were able to take a real-world budgetary issue, and devise a solution through 3D printing—replacing an injection molding process with a direct 3D printed part.

Innovation Hub Director Ryan Mandell told us, “A local business owner wanted to print 20 plastic parts, so we looked at the array of Formlabs materials, found a match, and determined it was possible to run 20 plastic widgets in one build on the Form 3L,

They had been turned down by injection molding companies because 20 parts was too small-scale, so it was the perfect 3D printing use case.” Students at the Hub were able to provide tangible consulting and manufacturing services for this local business owner and by doing so, helped the local community and bolstered their resume.

At Yavapai College, Matthew Mintzmyer, Director of Aerospace Science, 3D Printing and Manufacturing, prepares students for careers in every industry—his recent graduates went on to careers in dental medicine, props work for the Mandalorian television show, and architecture, among many others.

  1. There are tons of applications.
  2. People that aren’t in the 3D printing business in schools, they’re behind the curve.
  3. It teaches you critical thinking, math, creativeness—everything.
  4. You don’t need $100,000 to get started, these printers are affordable,” says Mintzmyer.
  5. Mintzmyer leverages his 3D printers to improve Yavapai students’ experience, but also grow industry opportunities.

COBOD, a concrete 3D printing construction firm, sends every new technician to Yavapai to learn how to service, operate, and maintain large industrial concrete 3D printers. This business opportunity for Yavapai is entirely because of Mintzmyer’s early investment and adoption of 3D printing technology.

He uses Formlabs SLA and SLS 3D printers to print prototypes, jigs, end-use parts, and repairs for various pieces of other 3D printers. Students at Yavapai get a first-hand view of what it takes for a lucrative career in a burgeoning industry, and get to participate in the training programs alongside the COBOD engineers.

Never before have different disciplines been so interconnected. With increasing digitalization, traditionally disparate elements of a product’s lifecycle, like ideation and manufacturing, have more crossover.3D printing is a large part of this—it speeds up product lifecycle stages to such a degree that the entire evolution can be streamlined, with disciplines blending into each other and improving upon one another.

This type of collaboration within a business is also evident in educational institutions’ makerspaces and fabrication labs. Drexel University’s Westphal College of Media Arts and Design offers programs for students hoping to pursue anything from Animation to Fashion to Virtual Reality, and their centrally located Hybrid Making Lab offers opportunities for every type of project.

The Making Lab director Erik Sundquist told us, “students will use it for everything from architectural models, fashion design, accessories, hardware for garments we have a few students interested in making fully 3D printed articulated fabrics.” A product design senior thesis project (left) and a sculpture class’s 3D scanned and printed fish bones (right) at Drexel’s Hybrid Making Lab. (photos courtesy of Drexel Hybrid Making Lab). Sundquist sets up the space so that students are trained, then run the space themselves, responsible for teaching other students, no matter if the project is a different discipline than their own. “It’s more democratic that way and better for interdisciplinary learning,” says Sundquist.

  • He sees students in fashion majors asking for help from engineering students and product design majors for articulating pieces, and vice versa.
  • The centrally located lab is perfect for students to collaborate, share ideas, and exchange expertise, and 3D printing is the impetus behind these types of impromptu brainstorming sessions.

A fashion major might see the overall picture, like a chain mail dress, but need an engineering student’s help in designing the tolerances between each chain link, or choosing which technology to use for a support-less print structure.3D printing can empower students to try new clubs or associations and take their skills from the classroom into a new application. A mold (left picture, left hand) used for molding a carbon fiber steering wheel enclosure (left picture, right hand) and a prototype of a complex topology optimized mount (right picture), both printed on a Form 3 SLA 3D printer. Access to accurate, reliable, and easy-to-use 3D printers has allowed the TU Berlin team to expand their output—they annually produce three cars, from design to race, within the school year. This technology has enabled a team of young students to work on something they’re passionate about, and deliver not just one, but three performance products on an international stage each year.

  • The skills they develop and the sense of ownership and empowerment they feel wouldn’t be possible if they had to outsource much of their work, or rely on supervisors to operate more expensive machines.
  • The affordability and accessibility of the Formlabs 3D printers empower their creativity and productivity.

Educators have a monumental task before them, and determining which technology is the best for their curriculum can be an added stress. This section will review the various 3D printers for schools and help clarify which 3D printer is best for different courses and priorities.

Perhaps still the most ubiquitous type of 3D printer in education, FDM 3D printers build parts by melting and extruding thermoplastic filament, which a printer nozzle deposits layer by layer in the build area. Its advantages lie in its scalability and affordability, as well as the straightforward nature of the technology, which makes it an easy concept to grasp for school children just learning how to design in CAD.

Though manufacturers do make expensive FDM printers that can cost upwards of $50,000, most units used by educators cost around $1,000-$4,000. FDM printers can deliver parts quickly and through an intuitive visual process—making them a great entry-point for younger students.

  1. Once the students begin to design functional parts and multi-part assemblies however, the lower quality surface finish and precision begins to pose a problem.
  2. The lower part quality and more narrow range of materials also means that the applications FDM printers can support are limited, especially in a research or higher educational environment.

FDM 3D printers are one part of the 3D printing puzzle and a great starting point, but should be taught in concert with other, more advanced types of 3D printing. Educators were initially slow to adopt traditional SLA printers when prices put them out of reach of a typical school budget.

  1. Then, as desktop SLA 3D printers like the Form 2 and Form 3 made the technology accessible and proved their reliability and professional quality, they’ve become relied-upon tools in every educator’s toolkit.
  2. SLA printers are versatile and suitable for many applications due to their superior surface finish, range of material options, and pinpoint accuracy.
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The isotropic nature of SLA parts also sets them apart from other technologies, and makes SLA the front runner in watertight parts printing. The Form 3L can fit many students’ projects into the large build volume at one time, making it a helpful addition for makerspaces during high-traffic times at the end of the semester. For research labs, the variety of high-performance materials means that a printer can be added for a specific project, then used again and again as new projects crop up, simply by switching to whatever material is most appropriate—from high- temperature fluidics, to transparent and biocompatible cell scaffolding, to impact-resistant fixtures and casings.

In open areas like fabrication labs or makerspaces, the variety of materials continues to shine along with the large build volume possible on the Form 3L, Multiple students’ projects can be fit into one build volume of the same material, then switched out for a new material and new group of students projects.

The resin handling and cartridge system streamlines maintenance and operations. Traditionally the most expensive out of the three main types of plastic 3D printing technologies, SLS 3D printers, like the Formlabs Fuse Series, create functional prototypes and durable end-use parts with high-performance mechanical properties.

The technology uses a high-powered laser to selectively sinter small powder particles in the shape of a crosssection of the desired file, then repeats the process layer by layer, building the part while each layer is supported by the surrounding powder bed. Before the Fuse Series, SLS 3D printers cost $200,000 at the minimum and often much more, putting it out of reach for most university operating budgets.

Some engineering and manufacturing programs were able to secure grant funding for these units, but the large footprint, complex workflow, and expensive required infrastructure meant that very few students had the opportunity to use them. With the introduction of the Fuse 1 in 2020, educators at every level were finally able to bring industrial quality SLS in-house, giving their students the opportunity to create end-use parts for real-world applications, and providing them with powder-bed 3D printing experience. A member of the NOAA AOML lab installs a subsurface autonomous sampler to gather data on wild coral species (left). Inside the NOAA AOML lab, a coral tank monitoring device encased in a Fuse 1 printed SLS part (right). Each educational institution will have its own preferences and abilities for making 3D printers accessible to students. For most universities, the addition of 3D printing labs is managed by department heads, while at others, large grants might be given to create a multi-disciplinary space open to all.3D printers can improve the learning experience in any situation, whether used in small research labs for specific projects, or in large makerspaces, fabrication labs, innovation hubs, or entrepreneurial incubation centers. Research labs vary widely in scope, size, and subject matter, but because they’re all dedicated to advancing scientific understanding, cutting-edge technology like 3D printing has been incorporated for years. At the University of Hawaii’s Nanotechnology Lab, an undergraduate student is in charge of operating and maintaining the Form 3 and Form 3L SLA printers that help undergrads, post-graduates, and doctoral candidates create research materials.

The largest use-case for the printers in the lab is for sacrificial compaction molds for high-performance ceramic nanomaterials. “We needed to have a solution where we could prototype and make molds very rapidly with structural integrity and smooth surface finish. We had the Form 3, and were very happy—it has the biggest legitimate catalog of materials to print from.

As far as the Form 3L, we wanted the big form factor for big ceramic molds,” the student told us. At the University College of London School of Pharmacy, the printers are used for visualization tools of anatomical parts. A model of a gastrointestinal tract, for example, is used to help students understand how food (and medicine) are processed and passed through the body, which helps in their understanding of how to safely medicate patients.

The accuracy of the Formlabs printers allow researchers to create lifelike models of extremely complex systems in the body. “I use the Formlabs 3D printer to print molds for medical devices for a ventilation therapy project,” said Zaid Muwaffak Hassan, a PhD student in the UCL Hilton Lab. “It’s very easy to use, very accurate, and has really high details.” In the lifesciences, accuracy and precision can mean all the difference for these students.

Their projects are real life-saving devices and practices. Having accurate tools that properly represent the body, or have the biocompatibility necessary for skin or mucosal contact, is integral to their success, and therefore the health of their patients.

Makerspaces and fabrication labs are generally open to large, varied groups of students, and some also open their doors to the surrounding community, professors, or local K-12 programs. It’s because of this unpredictability in usage that planning ahead and budgeting are difficult for makerspace directors.

Even when only open to university or college students, the busiest times might be limited to just the end of the semester when final projects are due.3D printers for makerspaces have therefore traditionally been a quantity over quality consideration—directors need to make sure that when everyone comes rushing in, they can use a 3D printer with minimal oversight, scheduling, or training.

  1. For many years, this led to large installations of FDM printers being the main (or sometimes only) technology available in makerspaces.
  2. In the past five years, however, 3D printers like the Form 3+, Form 3B+, Form 3L, and Fuse Series have gained popularity for a number of reasons.
  3. The Formlabs suite of printers combines the industrial power and accuracy of expensive 3D printers with the ease of use and affordability of entry-level machines.

Additionally, the diverse range of materials available means that a makerspace can offer one printer with multiple appropriate materials for engineering, product design, jewelry, fashion, materials science, or manufacturing students. The intuitive workflow enables students to quickly pick up the necessary operating knowledge and the reliability of the SLA and SLS print engines ensures that very little maintenance or oversight is required. The MakerSpaceUSNA advanced section, housing Form 3 and Form 2 printers, as well as FDM printers. At the United States Naval Academy’s MakerSpaceUSNA, every single student, regardless of major, is exposed to FDM, SLA, and SLS technologies. MakerSpace director Captain Brad Baker has added to his fleet of Formlabs machines steadily over the years, touting the reliability and consistency of the machines as major reasons for his continued investment.

  • The failure rate on our SLA printers is extraordinarily low.
  • I tell, ‘wait until you get to SLS.’ On SLS, it’s almost 0.
  • Virtually no failures, material properties are good, and the accuracy is really good,” says Baker.
  • Though many universities include entrepreneurial courses in finance or management as part of a typical business school curriculum, fewer of them offer hardware product design and development support outside of curriculum coursework.

Recently, some schools have sought to set themselves apart by providing extensive support and resources for small businesses, especially hardware and product design entrepreneurs. At the University of British Columbia in Vancouver, Canada, the HATCH Venture Builder is a collaborative institute that supports teams of students and alumni through advisory teams, office space, wet labs, and a state-of-the-art makerspace.

  • The Hatch provides 3D printers like the Form 3 and a range of materials, as well as advice and mentorship on product design and go-to-market strategy.
  • They rely on professional 3D printers from Formlabs to help incubator members present a high-quality, functional prototype or end-use part to potential investors and manufacturers.

At Penn State, Mandell and the Innovation Hub strives to provide, “access to the best tools possible in order for individuals and groups to develop a strong proof-of-concept, to generate investment in their idea.” Education is about preparedness for the future—not just the future careers of the students, but the future of our society, which will inevitably be created by them.

  • Investing in that future, by providing high-quality tools and resources to these students, is the best way to ensure that the future stays bright for everyone.
  • There is no doubt that 3D printing will have a major role to play, and we’re already seeing the benefits of the technology; there are 3D printed homes, prosthetics, surgical devices, drones, hearing aids, and electric engine components.

Every educator needs to incorporate 3D printing to provide the opportunity to learn more about the technology that’s shaping the world. To speak to the Formlabs Education team and learn more about 3D printers in education, contact our team below.
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How did printing help in education?

Printing presses have been integral to education since their creation. From making it easier to access and spread information by mass producing textbooks and other scholarly works, to making diagrams and other visual materials available, the printing press has proved its importance.
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How will 3D printing enhance teaching and learning in communication studies?

3D Printing in Schools – Educators can include 3D printing at all school levels, from primary through to secondary (high school).3D printing technologies enable educators to provide students with accurate physical prototypes, which provides practical, hands-on knowledge useful for understanding scientific concepts.

Find out about applying 3D printing to STEM learning in the dedicated STEM learning section of this page. Using 3D-printed objects during oral presentations and demonstrations can improve students’ public-speaking abilities. Public speaking skills become crucial when students enter the workforce. Educators can also use 3D-printed visualizations to improve spatial education.

A study in China from 2014 found that 3D printing significantly improved spatial learning. Overall, much of the research on 3D printing in education highlights how 3D-printed artifacts provide learning benefits that are not achievable with screen- or paper-based learning.

  1. Improved understanding comes through touching and physically observing 3D-printed objects.3D printing promotes learning through exploration instead of outdated methods that only focus on learning from textbooks.
  2. It is crucial to get a 3D printer that is suitable for how you want to use this technology to educate students.

Schools need robust printers built for the demands of daily classroom use while also being affordable and user-friendly. Our expert team can advise you on a suitable 3D printer for your school.
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How will 3D printing enhance teaching and learning in humanities?

Abstract.3D printing technology is a powerful learning tool that can involve students in active learning, design thinking, and problem solving. It creates opportunities for integrating science, engineering, technology and mathematics with other disciplines.
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What is 3D technology in education?

3D Technology in Education: A Game-Changer There are numerous advantages to using 3D technology in education.3D technology is one tool that helps pupils better understand and perceive things in our present educational system. Saras-3D, Inc’s Founder & CEO, Bipin Dama, even says that 3D technology improves students’ academic achievement.

  • Excerpts Can you tell us about Saras-3D’s beginnings? Current pedagogy is predominantly focused on rote memorization.
  • While it delivers short-term results in terms of academic scores, it falls short of the long-term goal of providing the stimuli that would encourage critical and analytical thinking, which, in turn, would create the next generation of STEM thinkers and innovators.

Our goal with Saras-3D was to fill in this lacuna. We spent years researching how we could elevate and transform the learning experience in a way that would reignite a student’s curiosity and supercharge their potential. This was how Genius 3D Learning was conceived and launched earlier this year.

  1. It is India’s first interactive stereoscopic 3D solution that takes a hands-on, experiential approach to science and mathematics concepts that fosters deeper understanding and retention.
  2. What was the motivation behind developing e-learning solutions for Indian students based on 3D technology? How do you use Saras-3D to bridge the gaps in the Indian education system? Several studies have shown that using 3D technology has a positive impact on the performance of students through a deeper understanding of concepts, 2X faster learning and better retention, thus helping them achieve their academic goals.
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With schools closed due to the pandemic and students studying at home (SFH) becoming the norm, students face new challenges today, such as lower levels of engagement and interest as a result of the passive nature of instruction.The situation has been further complicated by poor internet penetration.

In its Remote Learning Reachability Report 2020, UNICEF pointed out that just 24 per cent of Indian households have internet connections to access e-education, with a large rural-urban divide that would widen the learning gap. Saras-3D has been able to embrace this new normal and address these issues with the Genius 3D Learning Solution.

It helps students take a more active approach to learning with its hands-on, interactive visualization-based learning experience. Students can play with 3D models that help them dive deeper into each topic and make recalling the concepts considerably easier.

The best part? You don’t need an internet connection to access the content! We launched it as a solution for parents and students and are now also exploring partnering with schools and institutes throughout India to combine it with their existing methods. Could you please give us an overview of the Genius 3D Learning solution? How have you tailored this approach to suit the Indian educational system? Genius 3D Learning is based on stereoscopy, a technology that combines special eyeglasses with a booster box to create a three-dimensional, interactive experience.

Students can learn twice as fast by interacting with realistic, scaled models that depict the topic the way it exists in real life. This is because they are actively learning through doing rather than passively learning about a topic. The blended experience also includes topic overviews, 3D videos, ample quizzes, and analytics.

The ultimate result is two-fold; students master skills swiftly, and parents relax, knowing their children are engaged, actively reaching their academic goals. To align it with the Indian educational system, we have curated the courses for 10th, 11th, and 12th standard subjects – Physics, Chemistry, Biology and Mathematics.

These are based on the NCERT curriculum and also help students to ace competitive exams like JEE and NEET. How can Genius 3D Learning offer students the competitive edge they need while studying for JEE/NEET? By fully aligning with JEE and NEET, students are able to master the required skills and knowledge at a faster pace.

  1. Genius 3D mimics the in-classroom experience through virtual labs and 3D videos and blends them with learning fundamentals like theory lessons, quizzes, and analytics.
  2. Students can practice taking tests and use analytics to track their progress and pinpoint the skills they still need to master in order to ace the test.

How do you see the growth of 3D-based e-learning in India after the pandemic? While the pandemic has expanded the prevalence of online learning classes and paved the way for technological advancements in our education system, it’s also made us all aware of how difficult it is to study from home.

  • It’s clear that students who can study from home effectively will have a distinct advantage.
  • Even after the pandemic, when schools reopen, parents will still want to give their children the tools they need to study from home effectively.
  • Now that more schools are aware of the possibilities that edtech can bring, they will be more likely to partner and invest in tools like Saras-3D to expand the ways they actively engage students in the classroom.

: 3D Technology in Education: A Game-Changer
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How do 3D models help in learning?

Will 3D Content Benefit Your Course? – Academic fields of study that engage with artifacts, specimens, and anatomical structures can benefit from 3D content.3D models also offer new ways to engage with materials—using features like cutaway visualization, surface curvature measurement, and multispectral analysis. For example:

Organic Chemistry students can engage with protein molecules on the web or in virtual reality, Art history classes could examine a 3D sculpture virtually, instead of traveling to a museum.3D makes it possible to walk through historical architecture at human scale, as Harvard undergraduates did in the Spring 2020 semester.

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How did the invention of printing affect education?

Printing Press and Its “Impact” on Literacy The advent of the printing press over five hundred years ago may be described as one of the few major significant events in mankind’s history in terms of the greatest impact on literacy. Before paper and print were invented, oral communication was the only method in which information was gathered and distributed.

Even though this bound the community together, it did not allow the community to grow and there were no methods of accurately storing and retrieving information. Further, if the community moved on or perished so did their historical records and knowledge. Although the following technologies involved the written word in the form of papyrus scrolls and manuscript codex as examples, it was still quite time consuming and limited to the upper literate elite class of society.

When the printing press was invented there was a shift from the laborious manuscript making to the codex print allowing many copies of written work to be quickly created, in turn providing greater access to information for all and providing the framework for the gradual transformation of societal literacy.

  • The concept of printing was first conceived and developed in China and Korea.
  • Although the concept was conceived by the eastern nations, the first mechanized printing press was invented by a German metalworker named Johann Gutenberg in 1452.
  • Gutenberg did not invent the printing press but rather conceived the idea of movable type which is actually an aggregation of three distinct technologies utilized by humans for many centuries before Gutenberg (Jones 2007).

This can be described as a form of remediation of previous communication technologies. Bolter defines remediation when a, “newer medium takes place of an older one, borrowing and reorganizing the characteristics of writing in the older medium and reforming its cultural space.” (Bolter, 2001, p.23).

  • Gutenberg combined the technologies of paper, viscous oil-based ink and the wine press to print books thereby allowing for the mass production and distribution of written work.
  • As a result of the printing press, there was no longer the need for the laborious manuscript copying and production of the written word.

The printing press allowed for the democratizing of knowledge as a greater number of individuals were provided access to more information. Through the printing press, written work was more uniform in its viewing format. The mechanization of the printing press achieved more regular spacing and hyphenation of the print.

  1. Bolter, 2001).
  2. Prior to the printing press, the written word was individually scribed with no standard format, with inconsistent writing, grammar and handwriting.
  3. The printing press led to more consistent spelling, grammar and punctuation.
  4. McLuhan, 1962).
  5. Through this uniformity and reliability of the written work, readers were able to consistently interpret the writer’s thoughts and ideas.

While the printing press did not have any significant immediate effects on societal literacy, over the next few decades as more information through the written word was accessible and disseminated, this technology advanced mass literacy as demonstrated through a drastic rise in adult literacy throughout Europe.

Prior to the printing press, books were quite expensive as it was a laborious task to hand-scribe each book. As a result, only the wealthy upper elite class could afford such books and therefore the literate were mainly found at this class level. However, with the invention of the printing press creating nearly identical books of quality at an economical price, books were now more affordable and available to the general public.

It is estimated that by 1500 there were “fifteen to twenty million copies of 30,000 to 35,000 separate publications.” (McLuhan, 1962, p.207) Further, some scholars claim that the invention of the printing press has been a significant force in transforming an oral medieval culture to a literate one or one which focuses more on silent and private reading (McLuhan 1962, Havelock 1963, Ong 1982).

  • However, other scholars such as Eisenstein (1983) argue that the development of the printing press did not change medieval Europe as it was literate before the invention of the printing press.
  • Print did not bring about a monumental shift from orality to literacy, but rather changed Europe from one type of literate society to another.

While there is still debate in this area, one can agree that the printing press technology has had a profound effect on literacy within Europe. The printing press has also been described as a driving factor in creating significant cultural and religious transformations throughout Europe.

Eisenstein (1997) discusses the shift from manuscript to print in relation to three movements, namely the Scientific Revolution, Renaissance and the Reformation. With the invention of the printing press, the scientists were more readily able to share and exchange information. Further, as diagrams were hand drawn, detailed diagrams and sketches would be time consuming and the printing press would easily reproduce many copies with ease.

By being able to quickly reproduce diagrams, pictures and tables for mass consumption and readership, scholars were more eager to take the time to produce accurate and useful illustrations. The dissemination of scientific knowledge through the use of the printing press further increased literacy as more individuals would have increased access to such knowledge and would be readily available for the next person to continue or build on previous research.

The printing press was an agent of change in terms of educational practice. It transformed the relationship between educator and student. “Previous relations between masters and disciples were altered. Students who took full advantage of technical texts which served as silent instructors. Young minds provided with updated editions, especially of mathematical texts began to surpass not only their own elders but the wisdom of ancients as well.” (Eisenstein, 1979, p.689).

Lastly, many works were produced in the Latin language and thereby the printing press assisted in promoting this language. However, very few individuals knew how to read Latin and so over time and with the demand by the ever increasing literate public, a growing number of written works were being translated from Latin and slowly replaced by the vernacular language of each area.

From 1520, many printers turned their offices into workshops for translators. (Febre & Martin.1997: 271-272). In providing written work in an individual’s native language, this further positively impacted literacy rates as there were less obstacles in access to the written word. With the invention of the printing press, the most immediate effect was the output of a greater number of books at a more economical cost to the general public.

Over the longer term however, books would not only increase literacy rates due to the increased availability and access but also would help begin the spread of political and religious movements within Europe. It is without a doubt the printing press has had an impact on societal literacy rates but to what extent is still debated.

  1. Currently we are experiencing a similar monumental shift in education in a new form of technology with the Internet.
  2. Hopefully we can learn from the implementation of the printing press and in conjunction with the Internet beneficially understand the growth, development and impact on literacy.
  3. References Bolter, J.D.

(2001). Writing Space: Computers, hypertext, and the Remediation of Print. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence, Erlbaum Associates Inc. Eisenstein, E.L. (1997). The Printing Press as an Agent of Change. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Eisenstein, E.L. (1993). The Printing Revolution in Early Modern Europe.

  • Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  • Febvre, L & Martin, H. (1997).
  • The Coming of the Book.
  • London: Verso.
  • Havelock, E.A. (1963).
  • Preface to Plato.
  • Cambridge: Harvard University Press. Jones, B. (2007).
  • Manuscripts, Books, and Maps: The Printing Press and a Changing World.
  • Retrieved from McLuhan, M.
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(1962). The Gutenberg Galaxy: The Making of Typographic Man. Toronto: University of Toronto Press. Ong, W.J. (1982). Orality and Literacy: Technologizing of the Word. New York: Routledge. This entry was posted in, Bookmark the, : Printing Press and Its “Impact” on Literacy
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What are concepts of print in education?

Print awareness (also called concepts of print) is the understanding that print carries meaning, that books contain letters and words.
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What are print materials in education?

Print material – consists of all written material, excluding non-print resources, which convey planned course information. Examples of print resources include, but are not limited to: textbooks, workbooks, reference books, newspapers, journals and magazines.
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What is the impact of 3D printing on tertiary education?

3D printing can enable new levels of innovation – When you have a versatile technology and you put it in the hands of extremely motivated users, you have a perfect recipe for innovation.3D printing has the potential to enable a broad range of activities including groundbreaking curriculum, interdisciplinary collaboration, and advanced research projects.

  1. Many startups have even sprung up on campus thanks to the opportunities provided by 3D printing technology.
  2. One company that has taken that opportunity and ran with it is PROTECT3D.
  3. Founded by former Duke University Football players, they make custom athletic equipment by scanning the anatomy of a player and using those scans to design and print protective gear.

What makes PROTECT3D such an inspiring story is that the origin of the company came when Duke Quarterback Daniel Jones fractured his clavicle and had to undergo corrective surgery. Kevin Gehsmann and Clark Bulleit were his teammates at the time and they saw the opportunity of 3D printing and were able to design and print a pad that protected his collarbone and allowed him to get back on the field in just 3 weeks.
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What are the positive impacts of 3D printing?

(and disadvantages) TL;DR : The main advantages of 3D printing are: reducing costs, less waste, reduce time, get an competitive advantage, reduce errors, confidentiality, production on demand. Disadvantages As far as recent inventions go, the advantages of 3D printing make it one of the most promising technologies.

  1. The additive technology is one of the biggest advantages of 3D printing, it opens a whole new way in which product are created and it offers a lot of advantages compared to the traditional manufacturing methods.
  2. There are many different types of 3D printing technologies available, but the benefits of 3D printing discussed here are applicable to the whole industry.

Through fast design, high levels of accuracy and the ability to make informed decisions, the following 3D printing advantages make this technology a real prospect for businesses but also highlight its importance in future production techniques.
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How will 3D printing enhance teaching and learning in mathematics?

Mathematics – Mathematics impacts almost every element of our daily lives, so it is no wonder that it is one of the core STEAM subjects. The subject helps students to develop reasoning and analytical skills as well as logical problem-solving dexterity.

  • However, one difficulty faced in teaching mathematics is presenting abstract mathematical concepts and ideas to students in an engaging way.
  • The use of 3D printing to teach math is a natural fit.
  • With 3D printing, teachers can easily explain mathematical concepts in a new and exciting way, stimulating the interest of students.

By demonstrating numbers, shapes and structures in 3D, ideas are brought to life. Through visualization and observation, 3D printing allows both teacher and students to gain fresh insight and depth to their learning.3D printing can be used to understand mathematics in a whole new way, visualizing everything from basic geometry to fractals.

Concepts can be converted from theoretical models into physical ones. This enables students to visually and tangibly experiment with a variety of mathematical concepts. Such tactile hands-on learning leads to a deeper understanding and an inspired classroom. Helping students to further develop important skills like design thinking, problem solving and critical analysis.

Still, putting 3D printing into practice in the classroom can be tricky. One of the barriers is time and knowledge to plan and use the technology as well as how to incorporate it into the curriculum. With this in mind, Y Soft worked with educators from all over the world to create be3D Academy.
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How can print media enhance teaching and learning?

Media can also provide a density of information and richness of cultural input not otherwise possible in the classroom, they can help students process information and free the teacher from excessive explanation, and they can provide contextualization and a solid point of departure for classroom activities.
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Why is 3D learning important?

What is Three-Dimensional Learning? – Three-Dimensional Learning shifts the focus of the science classroom to environments where students use disciplinary core ideas, crosscutting concepts with scientific practices to explore, examine, and explain how and why phenomena occur and to design solutions to problems.

  1. Joe Krajcik, one of the developers of the NRC Framework, NGSS, and IQWST, has presented around the country on what makes teaching with Three-Dimensional Learning different.
  2. Here is an overview presentation, along with examples from different grades and topics: Overview Grade 6 Earth Science Grade 7 Biology Grade 7 Chemistry “Perhaps the most significant shift in the Framework for K – 12 Science Education and NGSS is that students need to makes sense of phenomena or design solutions for problems by scientific and engineering practices, disciplinary core ideas and crosscutting concepts working together.

The working together of the three dimensions to make sense of phenomena and design solution to problems is referred to as 3-dimensional learning. It represents an entirely new way of thinking about and enacting science teaching. Don’t think of the practices and crosscutting concepts in service of helping students understand the disciplinary core ideas.

  • Rather, the three work together to help students make sense of phenomena or design solutions.
  • Making sense of phenomena and designing solutions drives the teaching and learning process.
  • When I taught high school chemistry I use to try my best to help students to learn important science concepts.
  • Inquiry was always a service to help learn the content.

But the Framework and NGSS, based upon the research literature, clearly point out that you cannot learn scientific content (core ideas and crosscutting concepts) separate from engaging in the practice. Another way of expressing this is that learners best build a deeper understanding of scientific content when engaged in practices, and practices are learned best when used with scientific ideas.

We learn content by engaging in practices and we learn to practice by using science content to make sense of phenomena or design solutions to the problems. Three-Dimensional Learning should seem different to you, as it does to me. My understanding of three-dimensional learning has grown tremendously since I first started working on the Framework and on the NGSS.

The NGSS and three-dimensional learning should seem different and in many respects, it should seem revolutionary. The NGSS is structured differently from how we taught in the past and it should and will change what happens in science classrooms. Three-dimensional learning shifts the focus of the science classrooms to environments where students use disciplinary core ideas, crosscutting concepts with scientific practices to explore, examine, and explain how and why phenomena occur and to design solutions to problems.” Additional Resources: • NGSS: Overview of 3 Dimensions • NRC Framework describes “Integrating the Three Dimensions” • NSTA Blog:”How to Select and Design Materials that Align to the Next Generation Science Standards”
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What is 3D printing in higher education?

3D-printing makes learning active, empowering students to use critical thinking skills when creating their models. Engaging students in a hands-on environment supports different learning styles: Both tactile and visual learners benefit greatly from 3D-printing.
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Why is 3D modeling important to students?

8 Reasons Why Students Should Try 3D Modeling – Bricsys Blog Digital technology might be booming today, but it does not stop 2D images from dominating most design websites, magazines, and multimedia. Many young artists and designers are still stuck with this model, as it is the fastest and easiest way to communicate and explore ideas visually – from sketching to drawing and finally rendering.3D modeling, which involves the creation of three-dimensional objects using specialized software, is often used for high-quality production.

  1. It is usually the duty of Computer Aided Styling specialists.
  2. Students who are interested in designing tend to avoid 3D modeling because of its complexity and time-consuming process.
  3. Aside from that, there is more technical know-how required than creativity.
  4. Despite the intricacy, design students should approach 3D modeling with an open mind, as it can allow them to explore their creativity, improve efficiency, and increase the quality of their designs.

Below are some of the reasons why every student should learn 3D modeling.
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Where and how 3D printing is used in teaching and education additive manufacturing?

The sections that follow describe the six main ways in which 3DP is being used: (1) to teach students about 3DP; (2) to teach educators about 3DP; (3) as a support technology during teaching; (4) to produce artefacts that aid learning; (5) to create assistive technologies; and (6) to support outreach activities.
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How does 3D printing improve people’s lives?

2. The Medical World Will be Turned Upside-Down – From surgery to prosthetics to medications, 3D printing has the power to revolutionize the world of medicine.3D printing is already being used for prosthetics. Research firm Not Impossible Labs is already using the technology to print prosthetics for amputees in war-torn regions at a total cost of under $100.3D printing could make prosthetics cheaper for everyone, changing the lives of amputees worldwide.3D printing is also being used for surgery, with replicas of hearts and organs being used to help surgeons prep.
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What are the advantages of 3D learning resources?

Posted by on February 9, 2009 Some thoughts on the advantages of 3D environments (virtual worlds) for learning. Advantages of 3D Immersive Learning

Learner cues on visual, auditory and spatial elements of 3D environment which leads to better recall and application of learning. Learner rehearses on-the-job behavior in an environment as close to job environment as possible. (Realistic learning environment) Allows learners at a distance to be in the same place to practice behaviors (not just online at the same time). Learners become emotionally involved in the learning due to realism. Experienced learners can explore more possibilities of dialogue than in a scripted simulation. Sense of “being there” for the learner.

Advantage of 3D Worlds Over Virtual Classroom

Learners stay more focused (not as likely to check email). Learners are immersed in learning environment. Learners must act and behave as if in actual environment. Integrates learning into environment similar to which it must be applied. Learners are vested in avatar and in situation. Learners are placed in the appropriate context to apply the learning.

Am I on the right track? Is anything missing? What do you think? _ Catalog of Recommended Books, Games and Gadgets Recommended Games and Gadgets Recommended Books Content Guide
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Why is 3D printing important for kids?

– 3D printing allows children to visualize their imaginative concepts. In addition, understanding of 2D to the 3D conversion will be helpful to students. And with the implementation of the Arts into STEM education, this way of improving Art skills becomes a real benefit for children of all ages.
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How is 3D used in classroom?

Make learning active – Pupils learn best through interaction and application. By doing rather than by reading a book or listening to a lecture. As such, 3D printers are an excellent way to deploy experiential learning and give pupils more hands-on experiences.
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Where and how 3D printing is used in teaching and education additive manufacturing?

The sections that follow describe the six main ways in which 3DP is being used: (1) to teach students about 3DP; (2) to teach educators about 3DP; (3) as a support technology during teaching; (4) to produce artefacts that aid learning; (5) to create assistive technologies; and (6) to support outreach activities.
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