Why Is Education Needed In A Democracy?

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Why Is Education Needed In A Democracy
Why Democracy Needs Education As a millennial I am often confronted with politics, wether it be in the news or in discussion with others. Democracy and education are words that are often used together in different contexts, but that brings up the question: why does democracy need education? Role of Education Currently, our generation feels unheard by society.

A lot of young people feel that their interests and needs are not listened to and this results in a low participation. On top of that, we just don’t understand politics enough to feel we can actively participate. The solution to this lays mainly with education. Education plays a big role in democracy because it empowers people.

Making knowledgable decisions about your future should be something everybody should be involved in and educated about. Not only this, but education also plays a main role in changing perspective which is important when you’re young and at the start of your life.

Sustaining Democracy It is about educating someone not only on an intellectual level. Not only this but also on a personal level so that one can shape their personal beliefs and values into a powerful tool. This will eventually change the world around them. Acknowledging each persons individuality is seeing the true meaning of democracy.

I, amongst many other millennials, acknowledge that in democracy it is not about having people come together with the same opinion but, bringing together people with different voices and making them sound like a choir. Singing as one but all with their own voice and their own contribution to a melody called democracy.

Eventually, this will lead to a sustaining democracy. Skillset I believe that the skill-set the new generation needs to develop includes communication and critical thinking. These two skills are incredibly important in this new society. When these are developed there will be a higher participation rate in politics.

Thus, the quality of democracy will improve. Conclusion So now that we are aware of the needed skill-set to be active participants in politics and society, we have to implement it through education. This is the toughest task of all, but using education to raise the future democratic citizens and leaders is incredibly important during this time.
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What should be the aim of education in a democracy answer?

What is Democratic education? – Why Is Education Needed In A Democracy Democratic education allows the decentralization of education and aims to empower students to exercise self-determination in terms of their education. It means that students are allowed to choose what and how they will study within the given framework of community greater leverage and also make them accountable.

This falls within the scope of democratic values which ensures freedom, equality and justice for all irrespective of their social, regional, religious, or ethnic background. It allows the development of society on a new plane where individual members are concerned with society rather than unjustified individual goals that makes people status-conscious and power-hungry.

Thus dematerialism aids the promotion of democratic education where individuals’ importance and recognition to society gains precedence over individual status, power and wealth control.
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What is the meaning of education in democracy?

The basis of democratic education is in certain rights of students, which EUDEC defines as follows (based on the 2005 Resolution of the 13th International Democratic Education Conference (IDEC), Berlin, Germany): In any educational institution, students have the right

to make their own choices regarding learning and all other areas of everyday life. In particular, they may individually determine what to do, when, where, how and with whom, so long as their decisions do not infringe on the liberty of others to do the same. to have an equal share in the decision making as to how their organisations – in particular their schools – are run, and which rules and sanctions, if any, are necessary.

Democratic education is defined by this organisation as education conducted in keeping with the above Resolution. Democratic education is education which most appropriately meets the needs of the learner, the community and society. It does this through developing reflective individuals who are collaborative problem-solvers and creative flexible thinkers.

  • Just what the world of constant political turmoil and emergent technologies needs.
  • Democratic education can apply to learners of all ages in any learning environment.
  • That said, a significant focus is placed on democratic schools and children as that is where a lot of the formal education in our societies takes place.

These schools are communities where Article 12 of the UN convention on the rights of the child, which states that children have a right to have a say on matters which affect them, is fully realised. These learning communities, whatever they are, whoever they are for, are all unique from each other. Why Is Education Needed In A Democracy And, in this individuality they all share the following elements:

Firm foundations in a values culture of equality and shared responsibility. Respect breeds respect. Trust breeds trust. Compassion breeds compassion. Tolerance breeds tolerance. Listening breeds listening.

Collective decision-making where all members of the community, regardless of age or status, have an equal say over significant decisions such as school rules, curricula, projects, the hiring of staff and even budgetary matters.

Self-directed discovery ; Learners choose what they learn, when, how and with whom they learn it. Learning can happen inside or outside of the classroom, through play as well as conventional study. The key is that the learning is following the students intrinsic motivation and pursuing their interests.

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What is the role of education in democracy in India?

Aims in Democratic Education : – Education in a democracy is meant not for a microscopic minority but for a macroscopic majority. It should be broad-based embracing all the ingredients of philosophy, psychology, sociology, biology etc. The main aim of education in a democracy is to produce democratic citizens who can not only understand objectively the plethora of social, political, economic and cultural problems but also form their own independent judgement on these complicated problems.

  1. It must inculcate in them the spirit of tolerance and ignite the courage of convictions.
  2. It must aim at creating in them a passion for social justice and social service.
  3. It must equip in them with the power of judgement, scientific thinking and weighing the right and the wrong.
  4. Education aims at enabling the pupils to be social minded human beings capable of managing their own affairs and living with others adequately.

It enables them to realize their hidden potentialities fully, for a fully developed person can contribute his/her bit to the success of democracy. Prof.K.G. Saiyidain viewed that education must be so oriented that it will develop the basic qualities of character which are essential for the functioning of democratic life.

  • The Secondary Education Commission (1952-53) have spelt out the following aims of democratic education:
  • (i) Democratic Citizenship:
  • In orders to foster democratic citizenship, education should aim at the following:
  • (a) Clear Thinking:
  • Education should aim at developing capacity for clear thinking which entails power of discrimination of truth from falsehood.
  • (b) Clearness in Speech and Writing:
  • It is needed for free discussion, persuasion and better exchange of ideas among people.
  • (c) Art of Living with the Community:
  • Education should aim at nourishing the art of living with the community which requires the qualities like discipline, co-operation, social sensitiveness and tolerance.
  • (d) Sense of True Patriotism:
  • It takes three things which are:
  • (i) A sincere appreciation of the social and cultural achievements of one’s country,
  • (ii) a readiness to recognize its weaknesses frankly,
  • (iii) a resolve to serve it to the best of one’s ability and
  • (iv) to subordinate one’s interests to the broader national interests.
  • (e) Development of Sense of World Citizenship :

Education seeks to develop in children a sense of universal brotherhood of man and develops an awareness in them that they are not the citizen of one’s own country rather citizens of the world. All are members of a global world just like one family.

  1. (ii) Improvement of Vocational Efficiency :
  2. The second aim of our educational system is the improvement of vocational efficiency which includes creation of right attitude to work, promotion of technical skills and efficiency.
  3. (iii) Development of Personality :
  4. The third aim is the development of personality which includes discovering of hidden talents, cultivating rich interests in art, literature and culture necessary for self-expression and assigning a place of honour to the subjects like art, craft, music, dance and hobbies in the curriculum.
  5. (iv) Training in Leadership:

A democracy cannot run smoothly without efficient and effective leadership. Therefore, it is one of the important aims of democratic education that it should train an army of people who will be able to assume the responsibility of leadership in social, political, economic, industrial or cultural fields.

  • (i) The Objectives of Self-realization:
  • Obtaining an inquisitive mind, ability in speech, reading, writing, arithmetic, seeing and hearing, acquiring the necessary knowledge regarding good health, formation of healthy habits, acquiring healthy means of recreation, utilization of leisure-hours, developing aesthetic interest and character.
  • (ii) Objectives of Human Relationships :
  • Respect for humanity, friendship, co-operation, courtesy, polite behaviour, appreciation of family life, skill in family management and establishing democratic relationship in family.
  • (iii) Objectives of Economic Efficiency:
  • Acquiring skill in chosen occupations, knowledge on different occupations, choice of one’s own vocation of life, maintaining one’s vocational skill occupational efficiency, occupational adjustment, maintaining one’s economic system of life properly etc.
  • (iv) Objectives of Civic Responsibility :
  • Understanding various social processes, to be tolerant, performing duties of a citizen, faith in social justice and democratic principles, abiding of law making correct judgement, development of world citizenship etc.

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What is the impact of education on democracy?

Education ensures to take efficient decisions in supporting the understanding of democracy and enhances the benefit of society. It is observed that individuals are able to make decisions in favor of society and perform social attitudes and behaviors facilitating living together, as the level of education increases.
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What is the importance of educating for democracy and equity?

Why is democratic education important? While also improving student performance, a Democratic Education also provides students with an opportunity to build skills to help them become active and responsible citizens in society after graduation. It is argued this helps them function as adults in a democratic society.
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What is the most important responsibility of an education system in a democratic society?

Why Is Education Needed In A Democracy The purpose of education in a democratic society is to instill the values of cooperation, fairness and justice into the hearts of our students. I would argue that these values are essential to maintaining and improving a functioning democracy in any country.

In Canada, our democracy is in serious need of a shake up. We have rising inequality due to an economic system based on competition and profit, we have a Prime Minister who is acting more and more like an authoritarian dictator and we have followed pace with the United States in dismantling the public good over the last forty years.

As a social studies teacher, and a concerned citizen, I often ask myself what do I want my students to be able to contribute to in their lives. Of course I want them to have successful lives in which they are able to follow their passions but I also want them, regardless of their profession, to be able to contribute to our democracy in some way.

Democracy is at the heart of my teaching practice as I see my classroom as a microcosm of what our world could be. I want to create the conditions in my classroom where the principles of democracy reign supreme. I want my students to participate in the process of establishing class rules and culture. I want my students to have a voice in how they can demonstrate their knowledge as well as how they are assessed academically.

In other words, I want to share the power in the classroom with my students. Now, for many teachers reading this you may be thinking that I’m crazy to give up “control” in my classroom. But what we have to understand as educators is that our jobs is not to “control” students but to empower them to be critically thinking democratic citizens.

Teachers must do away with any form of authoritarian teaching method and embrace a more democratic approach to ensure that our students understand that the work of democracy is important and worth while. We have to understand as teachers that even in democratic spaces we still have the authority to ensure the classroom is a safe space for all students but that we engage in dialogue with our students about the reasons for any decision we make and ask for student feedback on how the classroom is run.

We can’t run our schools and classrooms like a dictatorship and then pretend to think that our students will be prepared to be active citizens participating in our democratic system. We also have to ensure that we present democracy as a system and process that is always happening by being involved in our communities and institutions.

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Voting every election is only one aspect of being an active democratic citizen. Part of our responsibilities as citizens is to work with others collaboratively to accomplish shared goals and dreams. Any rights or freedoms that have been granted by politicians have rarely come independent of citizens demanding them as part of a larger social movement.

We have a crisis of democracy in Canada and Alberta with low voter turnouts and a lack of community in many areas. In Alberta, as students have began demanding Gay-Straight Alliances over more than the past decade it has made many social-conservatives in the province uneasy to say the least.

These students are exercising their democratic voice and this week the province has decided that they will not protect this democratic right as the province has chosen to make the very political decision to strike a “balance” between those advocating for GSA’s and those who wish to suppress the voice of marginalized students in our schools.

Democracy is not for the faint of heart and it is something that must be protected by citizens of any country. Our schools must be places where students have a voice that is heard and they must be able to take action on issues that they care about. If we adults seek to limit or silence student voice in our schools and education system then we are condemning our democracy to further degradation.

Bringing Democratic Education to your Classroom and School What is Democratic Education Democratic Classrooms

Dan Scratch is a social studies teacher at Inner-City High School in Edmonton, Alberta. He is a social justice advocate and believes that education can be used as a tool to empower youth to become critically engaged citizens who use their power to transform their lives and participate in the world around them.
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What should be the aim of education in a democracy Class 11?

Class 11 Education Chapter 1 Concept and Aims of Education – Also, you can read the SCERT book online in these sections Solutions by Expert Teachers as per SCERT ( CBSE ) Book guidelines. These solutions are part of SCERT All Subject Solutions, Here we have given Assam Board/NCERT Class 11 Education Chapter 1 Concept and Aims of Education Solutions for All Subject, You can practice these here 10.

What is meant by education for individuality? How far do you accept this view? Ans: According to Percy Nunn the ardent advocates of individuality life aims at the fullest development of individuality and therefore education should aim at developing the individuality of the child. In his words “educational efforts, it would seem be limited to securing for every one the conditions under which individuality is most completely developed, that is to enabling him to make his original contribution to the variegated whole of human life as fully and as truly characteristics as his nature permits, the from of contribution being left to the individual as something which each must in living an by living forge out himself.

” The individualistic ideal of education emphasises individuals excellence and personal self-realisations. I accept this view due to its some advantages. These are : (1) Biological support : The biologists believe that every individual is different from the other.

  1. In the words of prof.G.
  2. Thompson, “Education is for the individual, its function being to enable the individual to survive and live out its complete life.
  3. Education is imparted to preserve the individual life.
  4. Community exists for the individual, not the individual for the community.
  5. Therefore, individual and not society should be the centre of all educational efforts and activities :” (2) Naturalists’ support : Naturalists like Nunn and Rousseau believe that the aim of education should be the autonomous development of the individual.

They stress that education should be imparted according to the nature of the individual. (3) Psychologists ‘ support : According to psychology, every individual has his own unique personality. Every individual differs from the other in terms of mental abilities and talents.

  • The task of education should be to help in the development of the innate powers of an individual.
  • 4) Spiritualists’ support : The spiritualist believes that every individual is a separate entity and responsible for his own actions.
  • The chain task of education should therefore, be to help the individual in self-realisation.11.

Explain the social aim of education with its merits and demerits. Ans: John Dewey, the pragmatic philosopher has put forward a broad aim of education which is known as the socialistic aim. According to this socialistic theory the claims of society are always above the claims of the individual members composing the society.

  1. Therefore, every scheme of education should try to prepare individuals for social living.
  2. In fact the school should be a “miniature society” and everything taught in the school should have social bearing.
  3. Education is really a strong instrument of social change.
  4. The champions of these ideals maintain that society as a proper personal entity has the absolute right to dictate what should be the intimate aim of education.

Every individual should try to contribute as far practicable towards social welfare and social progress. Merits of social aim : Educationists have stressed on the social aim of education for the following reasons : (1) Man is a social animal and therefore, he develops through social contacts.

It is not possible for an individual to live without society. Raymonth believes that the ‘isolated individual is a figment of the imagination ‘. (2) John Dewey, the chief supporter of this aim believes that education should develop in each and every individual social efficiency which must be achieved by the positive use of individual powers and capacities in social occupations.

Such a person is not a burden on society but contributes to its developments. He also follows the moral and social standards of conduct. (3) Gandhi who also supported this aim had formulated the basic scheme with the objective of making people realise that education was not only for their individual benefits but also for the needs of a predominantly rural and agrarian population.

  • Demerits of social aim: (1) Some educationists are of the view that the social basis of human nature is not instinctive but habitual.
  • We can change the habit of an individual, but not his instincts.
  • Education helps us to the develop good habits to lead a healthy social life.
  • 2) Social aim if carried to the extreme reduces the individual to a mere entity.

(3) The extreme notion of the all powerful state or society ignores the legitimate needs, desires and interests of the individual and suppresses his creative power. (4) It makes the individual only a tool in the hands of the govt, and demands unquestioning obedience and loyalty from the individual.

Sl. No. Contents
Chapter 1 Concept and Aims of Education
Chapter 2 Stages of Human Development
Chapter 3 School and its Organizations
Chapter 4 (A) Psychology and Education
Chapter 4 (B) Education Psychology and its Significance
Chapter 5 Physical Basis of Mental Life
Chapter 6 Bases and Direction of Human Behaviour
Chapter 7 Primary Education in India and Assam

12. Make a difference between individual and social aim of Education. Ans: The difference between individuals and social aim of education can be discussed under the following points: (1) Basis : Individual aim of education is based on biological heredity of man.

  1. While the social aim of education is based on social heredity of man.
  2. 2) Power of freedom : Individuals aim of education entrust complete freedom to the individual.
  3. While the social aim of education entrust complete freedom and power to the state.
  4. 3) Believes : Individual aims of education believe social development as a sub originate to the individual development.

While the social aim of education believes individual development as a sub-originate to the social development. (4) Dependent : Individual aim of education is dependent on the philosophy of naturalism. The social aim of education depends on the physiology of pragmatism.13.

The individual and social aim of education are not contradictory but complementary to each other. Discuss the statement. Ans: As man is potentially divine, education should help the individual to develop his potentialities to such an extent that he is in a position to perfect himself. Man should therefore be educated as man.

If education fails to realize the unique potentialities of each man, it will harm him as well as the society. Progressive thinkers feel that when individuals are developed society will automatically be developed. Great socio-culture changes have been brought in this world by the personal influencing of exceptional individuals.

  • For example, no one can deny the contribution of people like Buddha.
  • Mahatma Gandhi, Lenin, Martin Luther King etc.
  • Have had tremendous influence on the life of the people.
  • People live these create society and preserve, purify and promote and transmit culture to the young generation.
  • Therefore, the aim of education should be to develop individuality.

Bertrand Russell rightly said that, “Education of the individual is a fair thing than the education of the citizen. ” By instinct, man is social. The sociological approach stresses that the development of an individual should be thought of in relation to his society and culture.

Dewey maintained that education should produce socially efficient individuals who are socially aware and culturally refined. Every individual in the society must be vocationally efficient or else he will be a parasite in the society. He should also be tolerant towards others and he is aware about the rights and duties of a citizen.

Hence, the social aim of education gives more importance to social heredity. The individual and social aims of education are contradictory to each other. Some one say that a synthesis of education for individuality and education for the development of the state is not possible.

In their extreme from both the aims are undesirable and not at all. Conducive for the enhancement of either the individual or the society because unrestricted freedom produces undisciplined and selfish people and on the other hand subordination of individuals by the state results in the suppression of one’s potentialities.

In reality, however, the argument that the two aims are contradictory is baseless. Events in history have proved that there have been unparalleled individual achievements in the field of art, literature, science, philosophy etc. Percy Nunn one of the chief exponents if the individual aim admitted that ‘individuality develops only in a social environment where it can feed on common interests and common activities “.

Aristotle also said that, “The individual human being was not only a rational but a social and political animal, and because of this he had always lived in some kind of society. ” Thus it follows that a person develops as a human being in a community, a family, a village or in a city state. Neither the individual nor the society should be regarded as superior to each other.

Instead the individual is essential for the society and the latter is necessary for the individual. John Dewey rightly said that, ‘The individual who is able to be educated is a social individual and the society is an organic union of individuals.14. What is the vocational aim of education? What makes this aim so important for society.

Ans: One of the most important aims of education in the present society is the vocational aim. In today’s world earning one’s livelihood is considered to be the most honourable experience of his life. Parents expect their children to be educated enough to earn a respectable being this makes them self-sufficient in life and consequently develops self satisfaction, mental and moral strength and self confidence vocational aim of education makes education a purposely activity.

It helps to develop various interests and arouses thoughts and feelings in the minds of the young students. Vocational aim again helps in placing a person in the right vocation and instills the right attitude to work. This aim increases the industrial competency of a person without which he becomes a parasite in the society.

Advancement of science and technology and rapid industrialization has emphasized the importance of the vocational aim of education. When the people of a national become vocationally efficient, there is economic progress and consequently political and social stability. Mahatma Gandhi said “True education ought to be for children a kind of insurance against unemployment”.

Education Now: Educating for Democracy

So preparation for a vocational is an important part of our education. Vocational education bridges the gulf between the rich and poor people. The education of the advanced countries lay special emphasis on developing the vocational efficiency of the people.

According to John Dewey “Education is meaningful only when it aims at some vocation or employment.” Today’s child should grow up to be a responsible citizen tomorrow and one of his main responsibilities is to earn a living. Hence the importance of the vocational aim of education cannot be ignored.15.

What should be the aim of education in a democracy? Ans: The word Democracy is derived from two Greek words – “Demos” (which means people) and “kratos’ ‘ (which means power), From this we can easily define democracy as the power of the people. Henderson once remarked that ‘Democracy is based upon infinite value and worth of human personality and belief that men are capable of managing their own affairs in such a way as to promote the welfare of all and that they should have the freedom to do so.

  1. The basic principle underlying democracy is the importance of individuality and respect for his freedom.
  2. The main characteristic of democracy as: (1) Affirming the dignity of the individual.
  3. 2) Equality (3) Liberty (4) Fraternity According to the University commission education is the great test instrument of social emancipation.
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The relationship between education and democracy is education of the masses. Because the success of democracy depends upon the civic consciousness of the people regarding various problems confronting the society. The democracy and the responsibility of the school are great.

  1. Therefore the aims of education is democracy must be formulated on the basis of the following viz.
  2. 1) Widespread expansion of education.
  3. 2) Preparing future citizens for economic productivity and self dependence.
  4. 3) Training for leadership.
  5. 4) Training for good citizenship.
  6. 5) Aiming at complete development of personality.

(6) Freedom for thought and actions. (7) Training for national discipline. (8) Educating for national integration. (9) Educating for social emancipation. (10) Preparing for international understanding. (11) Accelerating the process of modernization. (12) Educating for social equality and justice. Why Is Education Needed In A Democracy Hi, I’m Dev Kirtonia, Part-Time Blogger, Web Designer & Digital Marketer. Founder of Dev Library. A website that provides all SCERT, NCERT, and BA, B.com, B.Sc with Post Graduate Notes & Suggestions, Novel, eBooks, Biography, Study Materials, and more. Pages: 1 2 3
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Who wrote education for democracy?

Education and Democracy

Author Adam R. Nelson
Published 2001 (University of Wisconsin Press)
Pages 440
ISBN 978-0-299-17140-7
Dewey Decimal 370

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What should be the aim of education in a democracy Class 11?

Class 11 Education Chapter 1 Concept and Aims of Education – Also, you can read the SCERT book online in these sections Solutions by Expert Teachers as per SCERT ( CBSE ) Book guidelines. These solutions are part of SCERT All Subject Solutions, Here we have given Assam Board/NCERT Class 11 Education Chapter 1 Concept and Aims of Education Solutions for All Subject, You can practice these here 10.

What is meant by education for individuality? How far do you accept this view? Ans: According to Percy Nunn the ardent advocates of individuality life aims at the fullest development of individuality and therefore education should aim at developing the individuality of the child. In his words “educational efforts, it would seem be limited to securing for every one the conditions under which individuality is most completely developed, that is to enabling him to make his original contribution to the variegated whole of human life as fully and as truly characteristics as his nature permits, the from of contribution being left to the individual as something which each must in living an by living forge out himself.

” The individualistic ideal of education emphasises individuals excellence and personal self-realisations. I accept this view due to its some advantages. These are : (1) Biological support : The biologists believe that every individual is different from the other.

  • In the words of prof.G.
  • Thompson, “Education is for the individual, its function being to enable the individual to survive and live out its complete life.
  • Education is imparted to preserve the individual life.
  • Community exists for the individual, not the individual for the community.
  • Therefore, individual and not society should be the centre of all educational efforts and activities :” (2) Naturalists’ support : Naturalists like Nunn and Rousseau believe that the aim of education should be the autonomous development of the individual.

They stress that education should be imparted according to the nature of the individual. (3) Psychologists ‘ support : According to psychology, every individual has his own unique personality. Every individual differs from the other in terms of mental abilities and talents.

The task of education should be to help in the development of the innate powers of an individual. (4) Spiritualists’ support : The spiritualist believes that every individual is a separate entity and responsible for his own actions. The chain task of education should therefore, be to help the individual in self-realisation.11.

Explain the social aim of education with its merits and demerits. Ans: John Dewey, the pragmatic philosopher has put forward a broad aim of education which is known as the socialistic aim. According to this socialistic theory the claims of society are always above the claims of the individual members composing the society.

Therefore, every scheme of education should try to prepare individuals for social living. In fact the school should be a “miniature society” and everything taught in the school should have social bearing. Education is really a strong instrument of social change. The champions of these ideals maintain that society as a proper personal entity has the absolute right to dictate what should be the intimate aim of education.

Every individual should try to contribute as far practicable towards social welfare and social progress. Merits of social aim : Educationists have stressed on the social aim of education for the following reasons : (1) Man is a social animal and therefore, he develops through social contacts.

  1. It is not possible for an individual to live without society.
  2. Raymonth believes that the ‘isolated individual is a figment of the imagination ‘.
  3. 2) John Dewey, the chief supporter of this aim believes that education should develop in each and every individual social efficiency which must be achieved by the positive use of individual powers and capacities in social occupations.

Such a person is not a burden on society but contributes to its developments. He also follows the moral and social standards of conduct. (3) Gandhi who also supported this aim had formulated the basic scheme with the objective of making people realise that education was not only for their individual benefits but also for the needs of a predominantly rural and agrarian population.

  1. Demerits of social aim: (1) Some educationists are of the view that the social basis of human nature is not instinctive but habitual.
  2. We can change the habit of an individual, but not his instincts.
  3. Education helps us to the develop good habits to lead a healthy social life.
  4. 2) Social aim if carried to the extreme reduces the individual to a mere entity.

(3) The extreme notion of the all powerful state or society ignores the legitimate needs, desires and interests of the individual and suppresses his creative power. (4) It makes the individual only a tool in the hands of the govt, and demands unquestioning obedience and loyalty from the individual.

Sl. No. Contents
Chapter 1 Concept and Aims of Education
Chapter 2 Stages of Human Development
Chapter 3 School and its Organizations
Chapter 4 (A) Psychology and Education
Chapter 4 (B) Education Psychology and its Significance
Chapter 5 Physical Basis of Mental Life
Chapter 6 Bases and Direction of Human Behaviour
Chapter 7 Primary Education in India and Assam

12. Make a difference between individual and social aim of Education. Ans: The difference between individuals and social aim of education can be discussed under the following points: (1) Basis : Individual aim of education is based on biological heredity of man.

While the social aim of education is based on social heredity of man. (2) Power of freedom : Individuals aim of education entrust complete freedom to the individual. While the social aim of education entrust complete freedom and power to the state. (3) Believes : Individual aims of education believe social development as a sub originate to the individual development.

While the social aim of education believes individual development as a sub-originate to the social development. (4) Dependent : Individual aim of education is dependent on the philosophy of naturalism. The social aim of education depends on the physiology of pragmatism.13.

  • The individual and social aim of education are not contradictory but complementary to each other.
  • Discuss the statement.
  • Ans: As man is potentially divine, education should help the individual to develop his potentialities to such an extent that he is in a position to perfect himself.
  • Man should therefore be educated as man.

If education fails to realize the unique potentialities of each man, it will harm him as well as the society. Progressive thinkers feel that when individuals are developed society will automatically be developed. Great socio-culture changes have been brought in this world by the personal influencing of exceptional individuals.

  1. For example, no one can deny the contribution of people like Buddha.
  2. Mahatma Gandhi, Lenin, Martin Luther King etc.
  3. Have had tremendous influence on the life of the people.
  4. People live these create society and preserve, purify and promote and transmit culture to the young generation.
  5. Therefore, the aim of education should be to develop individuality.

Bertrand Russell rightly said that, “Education of the individual is a fair thing than the education of the citizen. ” By instinct, man is social. The sociological approach stresses that the development of an individual should be thought of in relation to his society and culture.

  1. Dewey maintained that education should produce socially efficient individuals who are socially aware and culturally refined.
  2. Every individual in the society must be vocationally efficient or else he will be a parasite in the society.
  3. He should also be tolerant towards others and he is aware about the rights and duties of a citizen.

Hence, the social aim of education gives more importance to social heredity. The individual and social aims of education are contradictory to each other. Some one say that a synthesis of education for individuality and education for the development of the state is not possible.

In their extreme from both the aims are undesirable and not at all. Conducive for the enhancement of either the individual or the society because unrestricted freedom produces undisciplined and selfish people and on the other hand subordination of individuals by the state results in the suppression of one’s potentialities.

In reality, however, the argument that the two aims are contradictory is baseless. Events in history have proved that there have been unparalleled individual achievements in the field of art, literature, science, philosophy etc. Percy Nunn one of the chief exponents if the individual aim admitted that ‘individuality develops only in a social environment where it can feed on common interests and common activities “.

Aristotle also said that, “The individual human being was not only a rational but a social and political animal, and because of this he had always lived in some kind of society. ” Thus it follows that a person develops as a human being in a community, a family, a village or in a city state. Neither the individual nor the society should be regarded as superior to each other.

Instead the individual is essential for the society and the latter is necessary for the individual. John Dewey rightly said that, ‘The individual who is able to be educated is a social individual and the society is an organic union of individuals.14. What is the vocational aim of education? What makes this aim so important for society.

  • Ans: One of the most important aims of education in the present society is the vocational aim.
  • In today’s world earning one’s livelihood is considered to be the most honourable experience of his life.
  • Parents expect their children to be educated enough to earn a respectable being this makes them self-sufficient in life and consequently develops self satisfaction, mental and moral strength and self confidence vocational aim of education makes education a purposely activity.

It helps to develop various interests and arouses thoughts and feelings in the minds of the young students. Vocational aim again helps in placing a person in the right vocation and instills the right attitude to work. This aim increases the industrial competency of a person without which he becomes a parasite in the society.

Advancement of science and technology and rapid industrialization has emphasized the importance of the vocational aim of education. When the people of a national become vocationally efficient, there is economic progress and consequently political and social stability. Mahatma Gandhi said “True education ought to be for children a kind of insurance against unemployment”.

Education Now: Educating for Democracy

So preparation for a vocational is an important part of our education. Vocational education bridges the gulf between the rich and poor people. The education of the advanced countries lay special emphasis on developing the vocational efficiency of the people.

According to John Dewey “Education is meaningful only when it aims at some vocation or employment.” Today’s child should grow up to be a responsible citizen tomorrow and one of his main responsibilities is to earn a living. Hence the importance of the vocational aim of education cannot be ignored.15.

What should be the aim of education in a democracy? Ans: The word Democracy is derived from two Greek words – “Demos” (which means people) and “kratos’ ‘ (which means power), From this we can easily define democracy as the power of the people. Henderson once remarked that ‘Democracy is based upon infinite value and worth of human personality and belief that men are capable of managing their own affairs in such a way as to promote the welfare of all and that they should have the freedom to do so.

  • The basic principle underlying democracy is the importance of individuality and respect for his freedom.
  • The main characteristic of democracy as: (1) Affirming the dignity of the individual.
  • 2) Equality (3) Liberty (4) Fraternity According to the University commission education is the great test instrument of social emancipation.
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The relationship between education and democracy is education of the masses. Because the success of democracy depends upon the civic consciousness of the people regarding various problems confronting the society. The democracy and the responsibility of the school are great.

  1. Therefore the aims of education is democracy must be formulated on the basis of the following viz.
  2. 1) Widespread expansion of education.
  3. 2) Preparing future citizens for economic productivity and self dependence.
  4. 3) Training for leadership.
  5. 4) Training for good citizenship.
  6. 5) Aiming at complete development of personality.

(6) Freedom for thought and actions. (7) Training for national discipline. (8) Educating for national integration. (9) Educating for social emancipation. (10) Preparing for international understanding. (11) Accelerating the process of modernization. (12) Educating for social equality and justice. Why Is Education Needed In A Democracy Hi, I’m Dev Kirtonia, Part-Time Blogger, Web Designer & Digital Marketer. Founder of Dev Library. A website that provides all SCERT, NCERT, and BA, B.com, B.Sc with Post Graduate Notes & Suggestions, Novel, eBooks, Biography, Study Materials, and more. Pages: 1 2 3
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What should be the aim of education in democratic India?

Essay on the Aims of education in democratic India We are now in a position to make a statement on the educational aims in modern democratic India in the context of our national system of education. A national system of education is always inspired by the social, political and economic conditions prevailing in the country.

  1. It implies mobility of students and teachers.
  2. It also implies the quality of education based on national heritage and national values.
  3. Aims of education must be in conformity with cherished national goals.
  4. The first-ever statement on aims of education for democratic India was made by the Secondary Education Commission in its Report published in 1953.

The Commission stated that education which is national in character must develop in its citizens’ habits, attitudes and qualities of character and equip them to bear the burden of life in the changing economic structure.1. Development of Democratic Citizenship.

  • It is a challenging responsibility with education to carefully train every citizen for democratic citizenship.
  • Such training involves development of multi-sided qualities.
  • A) Capacity for clear thinking.
  • A democratic citizen should have the understanding and the intellectual integrity to distinguish truth from falsehood and facts from propaganda.

Education should train the young scholar to reject fanaticism and prejudices. Highlights 1. Educational aim in modern democratic India must be in the context of our national system of education.

  • 2. The Secondary Education Commission made the first ever statement of educational aims for democratic India:
  • (i) Development of democratic citizenship.
  • (ii) Improvement of vocational efficiency.
  • (iii) Development of personality.
  • (iv) Education for leadership.

3. Aims stated by I.E.C.

  1. (i) Increasing productivity.
  2. (ii) Social and national integration.
  3. (iii) Accelerating the process of modernisation.
  4. (iv) Developing social, moral and spiritual values.
  5. 4. Evaluation:
  6. (i) Work experience a convincing case.
  7. (ii) Teaching of science rightly emphasised.
  8. (iii) Timely emphasis on vocationalisation.
  9. (iv) Emphasis on moral and spiritual values.

(b) Receptivity to new ideas. Education must aim at broadening the intellectual horizon of young scholars. It must enable them to accept the inflow of new ideas that can help in strengthening democratic forces. (c) Clearness in speech as well as in wilting.

  1. Education must develop the quality of clearness in speech as well as in writing.
  2. This quality is essential for successful living in democracy which is based not on force but on free discussion and persuasion.
  3. D) True Patriotism.
  4. Education in a democracy must foster the development of a sense of true patriotism.

True patriotism involves three things:

  • (i) A sense of appreciation of the social and cultural achievements of one’s country.
  • (ii) A readiness to recognise its weaknesses frankly and to work hard to overcome them.
  • (iii) An earnest desire to serve one’s country to the best of one’s ability by subordinating individual interests to broader national interests.

2. Improvement of Vocational Efficiency. Education must aim at increasing the productive or vocational efficiency of young students. In order to achieve this aim, there should be much greater emphasis on crafts and productive work. Diversification of courses should be introduced at the secondary stage so that a large number of students may take up agricultural, technical, commercial or other practical courses which will train their varied aptitudes.

This will also enable them to take up vocational pursuits at the end of the secondary schools course.3. Development of Personality. Education should develop literary, artistic and cultural interests of the students. These are necessary for self-expression and for the full development of human personality.

For this purpose subjects like art, craft, music, dancing etc. should be included in the scheme of studies.4. Education for Leadership. In order to make democracy function successfully, it is essential to inculcate the qualities of leadership in our youth.

  1. Education should train the youth to provide leadership in the social, political, industrial and cultural fields.
  2. Othari Education Commission and Educational Objectives In its Report which appeared in 1966, the Kothari Education Commission observed that education must become a powerful instrument of social, economic and cultural transformation.

For this purpose, the Commission suggested the following objectives of education: 1. Increasing productivity.2. Social and national integration.3. Accelerating the process of modernisation.4. Developing social, moral and spiritual values. (1) Education for Increasing Productivity.

The Commission suggested that education must be related to productivity to increase national income. In order to create a link between education and productivity, the following programme has been suggested by the Commission: (i) Science Education. In order to enhance productivity, science education “must become an integral part of school education, and ultimately some study of science should become a part of all courses in the humanities and social sciences at the university stage.” (ii) This will develop understanding of basic principles, problem-solving attitude; promote the ability to apply these principles to problems of life and to encourage the spirit of enquiry and experimentation.

(ii) Work Experience. According to the Commission, work experience implies participation in productive work in school, in the home, in a workshop, on a farm, in a factory or in any other productive situation. In the programme of relating education to life productivity, this work-experience must be introduced as an integral part of all education, general and vocational.

Iii) ‘Forward Look’ in Work Experience. Every attempt should be made to link work experience to technology and industrialisation, including agriculture. The education of a student is not held to be complete unless he participates in some type of work-experience in real life conditions. It is in this way that education can pay high dividends.

This ‘forward look’ in work experience is important for a country which has embarked on a programme of industrialisation. (iv) Vocationalisation of Secondary Education. Every attempt should be made to give a vocational bias to secondary education and to increase the emphasis on agricultural and technological education at the university stage.

  • This will surely bring education into closer relationship with productivity.
  • This is of special significance in the Indian education where education has so far been training the youth for the so called white-coller professions.
  • 2) Education for Social and National Integration.
  • According to the Commission, social and national integration is an important objective of a national system of education.

The Commission has suggested the following steps for strengthening the nation through education: (a) The Common School System. In the opinion of the Commission, “If our educational system is to become a powerful instrument of national development in general and social and national integration in particular, we must march towards the goal of a common school system of public education.

  1. 1. which will be open to all children irrespective of caste, creed, community, religion or social status; where access to good education will depend, not on wealth or class, but on talent;
  2. 2. which will maintain adequate standards in all schools and provide at least a reasonable proportion of quality instruction
  3. 3. In which no tuition fee will be charged; and

4. Is which would meet the needs of the average parent?” This system should effectively be implemented in a phased programme spread over 20 years. (b) Social and National Service. The Commission felt that the existing educational system increases the sad gulf between the educated and the uneducated classes, between the intelligentsia and the masses.

  • (c) This can become an instrument to build character, improve discipline, inculcate faith in the dignity of manual labour and develop a sense of social responsibility.”
  • The Commission has suggested the following two main forms in which such service can be organised:
  • (i) Encouraging and enabling students to participate in community living on the school or college campus; and (ii) Providing opportunities of participation in programmes of community development and national service.

(c) Evaluation of Language Policy. The development of a proper language policy can also assist in social and national integration.

  1. (d) Promoting National Consciousness. According to the Commission, education must aim at promoting national consciousness by-
  2. (i) Promoting understanding and re-evaluation of our cultural heritage;
  3. (ii) Creating a strong faith in future;
  4. (Hi) Developing international understanding;

(iv) Inculcating Democratic Values. The educational programme in schools and colleges should be designed to inculcate democratic values. (3) Education for Modernisation. The present century has seen great advancement in scientific and technical knowledge as a result of exploration of knowledge.

  • (i) Education should awaken curiosity, develop proper interests, attitudes, and build up such essential skills as independent study and capacity to think and judge for one.
  • (ii) Education should create adequate and competent intelligentsia to meet the needs of the day.
  • (4) Education for Social, Moral and Spiritual Values.
  • The national system of education should emphasise the cultivation of fundamental social, moral and spiritual values. For this purpose the Commission has suggested the following steps:

(a) The Central and State Governments should adopt measures to introduce education in moral, social and spiritual values in all institutions under their control. This should be done on the lines recommended by the University Education Commission and Committee on Religious and Moral Instruction.

The privately managed institutions should also follow on the same steps. (b) In order to develop social, moral and religious values, some periods should be provided in the time-table. Instruction of this type should be given by general teachers. (c) The University Departments of Comparative Religions should show special concern about this aspect of education.

(d) It is necessary to promote a tolerant study of all religions so that its citizens can understand one another better and live together amicably. : Essay on the Aims of education in democratic India
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What is the aim of democracy Class 6?

The main aim of democracy is the reduction of inequality. Democracies are based on political equality. All individuals have equal weight in electing representatives.
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