Who Introduced Basic Education And When?


Who Introduced Basic Education And When
Mahatma Gandhi proposed his scheme of Basic Education (Nai Talim) in a well formulated approach to education in 1937 in his news paper ‘Harijan’.
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Who invented basic education system?

China – According to legendary accounts, the rulers Yao and Shun (ca.24th–23rd century BC) established the first schools. The first education system was created in Xia dynasty (2076–1600 BC). During Xia dynasty, government built schools to educate aristocrats about rituals, literature and archery (important for ancient Chinese aristocrats).

  1. During Shang dynasty (1600 BC to 1046 BC), normal people (farmers, workers etc.) accepted rough education.
  2. In that time, aristocrats’ children studied in government schools.
  3. And normal people studied in private schools.
  4. Government schools were always built in cities and private schools were built in rural areas.

Government schools paid attention on educating students about rituals, literature, politics, music, arts and archery. Private schools educated students to do farmwork and handworks. During the Zhou dynasty (1045–256 BC), there were five national schools in the capital city, Pi Yong (an imperial school, located in a central location) and four other schools for the aristocrats and nobility, including Shang Xiang,

  1. The schools mainly taught the Six Arts : rites, music, archery, charioteering, calligraphy, and mathematics.
  2. According to the Book of Rites, at age twelve, boys learned arts related to ritual (i.e.
  3. Music and dance) and when older, archery and chariot driving.
  4. Girls learned ritual, correct deportment, silk production and weaving.

It was during the Zhou dynasty that the origins of native Chinese philosophy also developed. Confucius (551–479 BC) founder of Confucianism, was a Chinese philosopher who made a great impact on later generations of Chinese, and on the curriculum of the Chinese educational system for much of the following 2000 years.

Later, during the Qin dynasty (246–207 BC), a hierarchy of officials was set up to provide central control over the outlying areas of the empire. To enter this hierarchy, both literacy and knowledge of the increasing body of philosophy was required: “.the content of the educational process was designed not to engender functionally specific skills but rather to produce morally enlightened and cultivated generalists”.

During the Han dynasty (206–221 AD), boys were thought ready at age seven to start learning basic skills in reading, writing and calculation. In 124 BC, the Emperor Wudi established the Imperial Academy, the curriculum of which was the Five Classics of Confucius.

  • By the end of the Han dynasty (220 AD) the academy enrolled more than 30,000 students, boys between the ages of fourteen and seventeen years.
  • However education through this period was a luxury.
  • The nine-rank system was a civil service nomination system during the Three Kingdoms (220–280 AD) and the Northern and Southern dynasties (420–589 AD) in China.
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Theoretically, local government authorities were given the task of selecting talented candidates, then categorizing them into nine grades depending on their abilities. In practice, however, only the rich and powerful would be selected. The Nine Rank System was eventually superseded by the imperial examination system for the civil service in the Sui dynasty (581–618 AD).
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What is the introduction of basic education?

Basic education Whole range of educational activities, taking place in various settings, that aim to meet basic learning needs as defined in the World Declaration on Education for All (Jomtien, Thailand, 1990). According to ISCED standard, basic education comprises primary education (first stage of basic education) and lower secondary education (second stage).
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Who invented basic education system in India?

How does the Indian education system work in modern times? – It’s an undeniable fact that education in modern India is different from that of the “Gurukula.” The curriculum is mostly taught in English or Hindi, computer technology and skills have been integrated into learning systems, and emphasis is more on the competitive examination and grades rather than moral, ethical and spiritual education.

The modern school system was brought to India, originally by Lord Thomas Babington Macaulay, in the 1830s. “Modern” subjects like science and mathematics took precedence, and metaphysics and philosophy were deemed unnecessary. Up until July 2020, the schooling system in India was based on the 10+2 system, which rewarded Secondary School Certificate (SSC) once completing class 10 th and Higher Secondary Certificate (HSC) by completing class 12 th,

As a result of the new National Education Policy (NEP), this has been replaced with the 5+3+3+4 system. The division of stages has been made to fall in line with the cognitive development stages that a child naturally goes through. India’s four-level compulsory education 1.

Foundation stage (ages 3 to 8) The five-year foundational stage of education, as per the NEP, comprises three years of preschool followed by two years of primary classes. This stage will involve age-appropriate play or activity-based methods and the development of language skills. For those working in early education, we have a course, English in Early Childhood: Learning Language Through Play, which can help you understand the role of play in language development and how to use play to teach language skills in a fun way to children.

You can also learn how to Prevent Manage Infections in Childcare and Pre-School with our free online course.
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In which year did basic education start?

Free Kerala SET Paper 1: Held on 10th January 2020 120 Questions 120 Marks 120 Mins Basic education was introduced in India by Gandhiji. Key Points

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Mahatma Gandhi was the founding father of Basic Education, The founding father of Basic education is the father of the nation, Mahatma Gandhi. Mahatma Gandhi introduced Basis education in his ashram in the year 1946, Basic education is a principle that states that knowledge and work aren’t separate,

Additional Information Mahatma Gandhi promoted an academic curriculum with the same name based on this pedagogical principle, It can be translated with the phrase ‘Basic Education for all. The term ‘Basic’ is critical in Basic Education. Basic comes from the term “Base”.

Pre-basic (up to six years ) Basic (from seven to fourteen years) Post-Basic (from fifteen to 18) University education Social and adult education

Latest Kerala SET Updates Last updated on Oct 25, 2022 Kerala SET application date extended to 31st October 2022 at 5pm. The exams for the Kerala SET will be conducted on 22nd January 2023. Candidates who qualify this exam can apply for teaching posts at Higher Secondary Schools in the state.
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What is basic education 1937?

Wardha Scheme of Basic Education 1937

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The Wardha Scheme of Basic Education was the consequence of Mahatma Gandhi’s realization of India’s non-effective education system. In 1931 Mahatma Gandhi for the first time attended the Second Round Table Conference (RTC) in London, where he highlighted the deterioration of the education system in India and held British education policy responsible, for the severe downfall of education in India.

Later, in 1937 Mahatma Gandhi published an article in his weekly Magazine ‘ Harijan ‘ about his viewpoints on the failing education system in India. He also wrote about the schemes that can be followed to expand the education system to every section of society.During the 1937 elections, the Indian National Congress (INC) candidates had projected free and compulsory education as one of their manifestoes.

Post their win, INC decided to take forward Gandhi’s Education scheme, published in ‘ Harijan ‘. Congress decided to officially propose the scheme with some modifications. Therefore, in this regard ‘ All India National Educational Conference ‘ was held at Wardha.

  1. Nationwide Free and Compulsory Education for 7 years
  2. Mother Tongue will be the Medium of Instruction
  3. Education will be centred around manual or productive work, not just for Degree and examination. Hence it integrated the Physical Environment, Social Environment, and Craft Work.

Based upon this meeting at Wardha, a committee under the chairmanship of Dr. Zakir Hussain was formed. The Committee submitted the first extensive National Basic Education Scheme in its report in March 1938, which is known as the Wardha Scheme of Basic Education, It is also called as Nai Talim/Basic Education/Buniyadi Talim (Shiksha)/ Buniyadi Shiksha.
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How many years is basic education?

What is the K to 12 Program? –

The K to 12 Program covers 13 years of basic education with the following key stages:

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Kindergarten to Grade 3 Grades 4 to 6 Grades 7 to 10 (Junior High School) Grades 11 and 12 (Senior High School)

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Who advocated for basic education in 1937?

“Wardha Scheme” is related to which of the followi Option 3 : Mahatma Gandhi The Correct answer is Mahatma Gandhi.

Wardha Scheme of Basic Education (1937) which is also known as Nai Talim / Buniyadi talim was the outcome of thinking of Mahatma Gandhi. He considered education as an effective instrument of national reconstruction.

Key Points

At the second round table conference in London in 1931, Mahatma Gandhi pointed out the ineffectiveness of primary education under the British rule. He held the British policy responsible for the painful situation of mass education in India. He criticized English education as it had created a permanent bar between the educated few and the majority, who were mainly illiterate. The origin of Gandhi’s Wardha scheme of basic education in 1937 can be traced back to the year 1937 when Mahatma Gandhi talked about this scheme of education in his weekly Harijan. By education, he meant all-round development of a person’s body, mind, and spirit. He proposed a system of self-supporting education. On July 31, 1937, Gandhi had published an article in the Harijan. Based upon this article, an all India National Education Conference was held on October 22 and 23, 1937. The conference is called Wardha Educational Conference and the president of this conference was Gandhi himself. The resolutions passed were as follows: ​

Free and compulsory education to be provided for 7 years at a nationwide scale. The mother tongue should be the medium of instruction. Throughout this period of 7 years, education should be around some forms of manual and productive work and for this purpose, a handicraft must be chosen, based upon the environment of the child. This system would generate the remuneration of the teachers.

A committee was appointed under the chairmanship of Dr. Zakir Hussain to formulate the scheme of basic education in India. The report submitted by the committee and published in March 1938, came to be known as the Wardha scheme of education.

Additional Information

The Work on the Wardha Scheme of Education (1937) was initiated mainly after independence and the basic scheme of education made decent progress for about a decade. But gradually due to several problems and challenges the Wardha Scheme of Basic Education (1937) could not remain permanent.

India’s #1 Learning Platform Start Complete Exam Preparation Daily Live MasterClasses Practice Question Bank Mock Tests & Quizzes Trusted by 3.4 Crore+ Students : “Wardha Scheme” is related to which of the followi
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Who is the father of education in Nigeria?

Babs Fafunwa

Aliu Babs Fafunwa
Died October 11, 2010 (aged 87) Abuja
Known for Education
Awards NNOM
Scientific career

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