Which Education Are No Fixed Curriculum?

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Which Education Are No Fixed Curriculum
Informal Education –

Informal education might be a parent showing a kid how to set up a dinner or ride a bike. Individuals can likewise get casual training by perusing numerous books from a library or instructive sites. Casual training is the point at which you are not concentrating on a school and don’t utilize a specific learning strategy. In this sort of training, cognizant endeavors are not included. It is neither pre-arranged nor purposeful. It very well might be scholarly at some commercial centre, lodging, or at home. In contrast to formal education, casual training isn’t bestowed by an establishment, for example, a school or school. Casual education isn’t offered by any fixed schedule. There is no set educational program required. Informal education comprises of encounters and living in the family or network. It can also be in form of a parent who is teaching a child about preparing a meal or to ride a baby vehicle. There is another way of getting informal education where people can acquire this type of education by reading many books whether from a library or different educational websites. Informal education means that a person does not study in any school and do not follow any particular learning method in educational setup. This type of education does not involve any conscious efforts. It is neither pre-planned nor deliberately executed. It may be learned at some marketplace, hotel, or home. Unlike formal education, informal education is not imparted by an institution such as a school or college. Informal education is not bound to any fixed timetable in any educational system. There is no set curriculum required. Informal education consists of experiences and living in the family or community.

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Which of the following type of education has no regular curriculum?

Non-formal Education MCQ – Objective Question Answer for Non-formal Education Quiz – Download Now! _ educational includes such learning situations which do not have curriculum, syllabus or certification but typically take place naturally as part of other activities.

  1. Special
  2. Formal
  3. Non – formal
  4. None of the above

The education system included all forms including formal, informal, special and non-formal education.

  • Non-formal education- It has not a well-defined set of features. The strategy does not require student attendance, decreasing the contacts between teacher and student and most activities take place outside the institution, like home-based reading and other assignments. This endowed with flexible curricula and methodology, capable of adapting to the needs and interests of students, for their own speed, pace and requirement.
  • Formal education: It is organized, guided by a formal curriculum, leads to a formally recognized credential such as a high school completion diploma or a degree. It is often guided and recognized by the government at some level. Teachers are usually trained as professionals in some way.
  • Informal education: It is a general term for education outside of a standard school setting. It is the wise, respectful, and spontaneous process of cultivating learning. It works through conversation, exploration, and enlargement of experience, It is the oldest form and its existence is as long as society itself. Formal and non-formal are plays later development. Informal education is characterized by a changed relationship between learner and teacher in an informal learning context.

Hence, n on-formal educational includes such learning situations which do not have curriculum, syllabus or certification but typically take place naturally as part of other activities. India’s #1 Learning Platform Start Complete Exam Preparation Daily Live MasterClasses Practice Question Bank Mock Tests & Quizzes Trusted by 3.4 Crore+ Students

  • Which of the following statements regarding non-formal education system is/are correct?
  • I. It has flexible curricula and methodology
  • II. It does not require student attendance, decreasing the contact between teacher and student
  1. Neither I nor II
  2. Only II
  3. Both I and II
  4. Only I

Education is not limited to preparation for life, but education is life itself.” It is through education that one can change the face of the world. Through education, one has the opportunity to learn both inside and outside of the school. That’s why it is open-ended and all-inclusive than schooling. NOTE : Refer to the table for further information

Points Definition
INFORMAL
  • Informal Education is a general term for education outside of a standard school setting.
  • Informal Education is the wise, respectful, and spontaneous process of cultivating learning.
  • It works through conversation, exploration, and enlargement of experience.
FORMAL
  • Organized, guided by a formal curriculum, leads to a formally recognized credential such as a high school completion diploma or a degree.
  • It is often guided and recognized by the government at some level.
  • Teachers are usually trained as professionals in some way.
NON-FORMAL
  • Non-formal Education (NFE) is any organized educational activity that takes place outside the formal educational system.
  • Usually, it is flexible, learner-centered, contextualized, and uses a participatory approach.
  • There is no specific target group for NFE; it could be kids, youth, or adults.
  • It is based on the learner, needs, and life.
  • It does not require student attendance, decreasing the contact between teacher and student

Hence, we conclude that both statements are true about non-formal education. India’s #1 Learning Platform Start Complete Exam Preparation Daily Live MasterClasses Practice Question Bank Mock Tests & Quizzes Trusted by 3.4 Crore+ Students Which of the following is a feature of non formal education?

  1. There is no specific goal
  2. Means of this education are correspondence courses, television, seminars, etc.
  3. It is given intentionally inside the usual formal system of education
  4. It is unstructured and unplanned

Option 2 : Means of this education are correspondence courses, television, seminars, etc. Non Formal education:

  • Education that is institutionalized, intentional, and planned by an education provider.
  • The defining characteristic of non-formal education is that it is an addition, alternative, and/or a complement to formal education within the process of the lifelong learning of individuals.
  • It is often provided to guarantee the right of access to education for all.
  • It caters to people of all ages, but does not necessarily apply a continuous pathway-structure; it may be short in duration and/or low intensity, and it is typically provided in the form of short courses, correspondence courses, workshops, or seminars.
  • Non-formal education mostly leads to qualifications that are not recognized as formal qualifications by the relevant national educational authorities or to no qualifications at all.
  • Education takes place outside the formal system on either a regular or an intermittent basis.
  • Non-formal education can cover programs contributing to adult and youth literacy and education for out-of-school children, as well as programs on life skills, work skills, and social or cultural development.

Hence, Means of non-formal education are correspondence courses, television, seminars, etc. India’s #1 Learning Platform Start Complete Exam Preparation Daily Live MasterClasses Practice Question Bank Mock Tests & Quizzes Trusted by 3.4 Crore+ Students Which of the following is not a feature of non formal education?

  1. There is no specific goal
  2. It is structured and planned
  3. Means of this education are correspondence courses, television, seminars, etc.
  4. It is given intentionally but outside the usual formal system of education

Option 1 : There is no specific goal Non Formal education:

  • Education that is institutionalized, intentional, and planned by an education provider.
  • The defining characteristic of non-formal education is that it is an addition, alternative, and/or a complement to formal education within the process of the lifelong learning of individuals.
  • It is often provided to guarantee the right of access to education for all.
  • It caters to people of all ages, but does not necessarily apply a continuous pathway-structure; it may be short in duration and/or low intensity, and it is typically provided in the form of short courses, workshops, or seminars.
  • Non-formal education mostly leads to qualifications that are not recognized as formal qualifications by the relevant national educational authorities or to no qualifications at all.
  • Education takes place outside the formal system on either a regular or an intermittent basis.
  • Non-formal education can cover programs contributing to adult and youth literacy and education for out-of-school children, as well as programs on life skills, work skills, and social or cultural development.

Hence, there is no specific goal that is not a feature of non-formal education. India’s #1 Learning Platform Start Complete Exam Preparation Daily Live MasterClasses Practice Question Bank Mock Tests & Quizzes Trusted by 3.4 Crore+ Students Which one of these statements is not true in case of non-formal education?

  1. It is learner oriented
  2. It is examination oriented
  3. It is life oriented
  4. It is need oriented

Option 2 : It is examination oriented Education is not limited to preparation for life, but education is life itself.” It is through education that one can change the face of the world. Through education, one has the opportunity to learn both inside and outside of the school. That’s why it is open-ended and all-inclusive than schooling. NOTE : Refer to the table for further information

Points Definition
INFORMAL
  • Informal Education is a general term for education outside of a standard school setting.
  • Informal Education is the wise, respectful, and spontaneous process of cultivating learning.
  • It works through conversation, exploration, and enlargement of experience.
FORMAL
  • Organized, guided by a formal curriculum, leads to a formally recognized credential such as a high school completion diploma or a degree.
  • It is often guided and recognized by the government at some level.
  • Teachers are usually trained as professionals in some way.
NON-FORMAL
  • Non-formal Education (NFE) is any organized educational activity that takes place outside the formal educational system.
  • Usually, it is flexible, learner-centred, contextualized, and uses a participatory approach.
  • There is no specific target group for NFE; it could be kids, youth, or adults.
  • It is based on learner, need and life.

Hence, we conclude that non-formal is not examination-oriented. India’s #1 Learning Platform Start Complete Exam Preparation Daily Live MasterClasses Practice Question Bank Mock Tests & Quizzes Trusted by 3.4 Crore+ Students Learning through correspondence is a type of:

  1. Life-long education
  2. Formal education
  3. Informal education
  4. Non-formal education

Option 4 : Non-formal education Learning is a sequence of events that we can recall for a long period, and hence, it offers experience and the behavioral changes through learning are relatively permanent. Key Points

  • Learning through correspondence is a type of Non-Formal education.
  • In non-formal education, education is offered through distance learning courses and has classes open to students of any age.

NOTE : Refer to the table for further information

Points Definition
INFORMAL
  • Informal Education is a general term for education outside of a standard school setting.
  • Informal Education is the wise, respectful, and spontaneous process of cultivating learning.
  • It works through conversation, exploration, and enlargement of experience.
FORMAL
  • Organized, guided by a formal curriculum, leads to a formally recognized credential such as a high school completion diploma or a degree.
  • It is often guided and recognized by the government at some level.
  • Teachers are usually trained as professionals in some way.
NON FORMAL
  • Non-formal Education (NFE) is any organized educational activity that takes place outside the formal educational system.
  • Usually, it is flexible, learner-centered, contextualized, and uses a participatory approach.
  • There is no specific target group for NFE; it could be kids, youth, or adults.

Hence, we conclude that learning through correspondence is a type of non-formal education. India’s #1 Learning Platform Start Complete Exam Preparation Daily Live MasterClasses Practice Question Bank Mock Tests & Quizzes Trusted by 3.4 Crore+ Students Learning is organized by educational institutions but non-credential refer to which type of education?

  1. Informal
  2. Non-formal
  3. School-based
  4. Formal

Non-formal education has emerged as an alternative system of education, Due to the limitation of a formal system of education and also because of individuals requirements and circumstances, a child may not be able to attend the school regularly. Non-formal education was organized to provide the facility of education to all the children who are not part of the formal system of education for whatever reason,

  • Learning is organized by educational institutions but non-credential.
  • It has flexible and suitable timings, s horter duration, the flexibility of participation, etc.
  • It is providing greater relevance to the needs of the target group.
  • It is equivalence to the school system.
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Informal Education

  • All the experiences gained by a child that can be used during lifetime are part of education, The education provided by the family, community, or media is called informal education. It is neither pre-planned nor deliberate,
  • The objectives of informal education are neither fixed nor formalized. Each family provides experiences to enable the child to learn its customs, traditions, beliefs, attitudes, and values but these differ from one family to another.

Formal Education

  • Formal Education is imparted by an institution or agency specially established for this purpose. Such an institution has its structure,
  • For example, school is an agency for formal education, The school has its structure and organization. It is governed by rules and regulations prescribed by the state,
  • It is not consciously planned without a fixed curriculum or method of teaching.
  • It has prescribed syllabus, curriculum, and methods of teaching.
  • It is a planned and formalized way of teaching the students.

Hence, we conclude that the above statement is related to non-formal education. India’s #1 Learning Platform Start Complete Exam Preparation Daily Live MasterClasses Practice Question Bank Mock Tests & Quizzes Trusted by 3.4 Crore+ Students Continuing education courses are an example of which of the following?

  1. Non-formal education
  2. Informal education
  3. Formal course
  4. High school education

Option 1 : Non-formal education Non-formal education has emerged as an alternative system of education for continuing education courses, Due to the limitation of a formal system of education and also because of individuals requirements and circumstances, a child may not be able to attend the school regularly.

  • Learning is organized by educational institutions but non-credential.
  • It has flexible and suitable timings, s horter duration, the flexibility of participation, etc.
  • It is providing greater relevance to the needs of the target group.
  • It is equivalence to the school system.

Informal Education

  • All the experiences gained by a child that can be used during lifetime are part of education, The education provided by the family, community, or media is called informal education. It is neither pre-planned nor deliberate,
  • The objectives of informal education are neither fixed nor formalized. Each family provides experiences to enable the child to learn its customs, traditions, beliefs, attitudes, and values but these differ from one family to another.

Formal Course: The formal course of learning has defined objectives, pre-determined course of topics, planned course of action, and systematically chosen methods or techniques. These sets of formal courses being taught in a formal setting (Formal education).

  1. There is no specific goal
  2. It is structured and planned
  3. Means of this education are correspondence courses, television, seminars, etc.
  4. It is given intentionally but outside the usual formal system of education

Option 1 : There is no specific goal Non Formal education:

  • Education that is institutionalized, intentional, and planned by an education provider.
  • The defining characteristic of non-formal education is that it is an addition, alternative, and/or a complement to formal education within the process of the lifelong learning of individuals.
  • It is often provided to guarantee the right of access to education for all.
  • It caters to people of all ages, but does not necessarily apply a continuous pathway-structure; it may be short in duration and/or low intensity, and it is typically provided in the form of short courses, workshops, or seminars.
  • Non-formal education mostly leads to qualifications that are not recognized as formal qualifications by the relevant national educational authorities or to no qualifications at all.
  • Education takes place outside the formal system on either a regular or an intermittent basis.
  • Non-formal education can cover programs contributing to adult and youth literacy and education for out-of-school children, as well as programs on life skills, work skills, and social or cultural development.

Hence, there is no specific goal that is not a feature of non-formal education. India’s #1 Learning Platform Start Complete Exam Preparation Daily Live MasterClasses Practice Question Bank Mock Tests & Quizzes Trusted by 3.4 Crore+ Students An organized and systematic learning activity that takes place outside the formal system is known as

  1. Informal education
  2. Uniform education
  3. Formal education
  4. Non-formal education

Option 4 : Non-formal education Education is not limited to preparation for life, but education is life itself.” It is through education that one can change the face of the world. Through education, one has the opportunity to learn both inside and outside of the school. That’s why it is open-ended and all-inclusive than schooling. NOTE : Refer to the table for further information

Points Definition
INFORMAL
  • Informal Education is a general term for education outside of a standard school setting,
  • Informal Education is the wise, respectful, and spontaneous process of cultivating learning.
  • It works through conversation, exploration, and enlargement of experience.
FORMAL
  • Organized, guided by a formal curriculum, leads to a formally recognized credential such as a high school completion diploma or a degree.
  • It is often guided and recognized by the government at some level.
  • Teachers are usually trained as professionals in some way.
NON-FORMAL
  • Non-formal Education (NFE) is any organized educational activity that takes place outside the formal educational system,
  • Usually, it is flexible, learner-centred, contextualized, and uses a participatory approach.
  • There is no specific target group for NFE; it could be kids, youth, or adults.
  • It is based on learner, need and life.

Hence, we conclude that the above statement is related to non-formal education. India’s #1 Learning Platform Start Complete Exam Preparation Daily Live MasterClasses Practice Question Bank Mock Tests & Quizzes Trusted by 3.4 Crore+ Students _ education is life oriented.

  1. Formal
  2. Non-formal
  3. Informal
  4. All of the above

Learning is a sequence of events that we can recall for a long period, and hence, it offers experience and the behavioural changes through learning are relatively permanent. NOTE : Refer to the table for further information

Points Definition
INFORMAL
  • Informal Education is a general term for education outside of a standard school setting.
  • Informal Education is the wise, respectful, and spontaneous process of cultivating learning.
  • It works through conversation, exploration, and enlargement of experience.
FORMAL
  • Organized, guided by a formal curriculum, leads to a formally recognized credential such as a high school completion diploma or a degree.
  • It is often guided and recognized by the government at some level.
  • Teachers are usually trained as professionals in some way.
NON-FORMAL
  • Non-formal Education (NFE) is any organized educational activity that takes place outside the formal educational system.
  • Usually, it is flexible, learner-centred, contextualized, and uses a participatory approach.
  • There is no specific target group for NFE; it could be kids, youth, or adults.
  • It is life-oriented as it is not limited to schooling.

Hence, we conclude that non-formal education is life-oriented. India’s #1 Learning Platform Start Complete Exam Preparation Daily Live MasterClasses Practice Question Bank Mock Tests & Quizzes Trusted by 3.4 Crore+ Students One of the statement given below is not related to non-formal education.

  1. It is learner oriented
  2. It is examination oriented
  3. It is life oriented
  4. It is need oriented

Option 2 : It is examination oriented Education is not limited to preparation for life, but education is life itself.” It is through education that one can change the face of the world. Through education, one has the opportunity to learn both inside and outside of the school. That’s why it is open-ended and all-inclusive than schooling. NOTE : Refer to the table for further information

Points Definition
INFORMAL
  • Informal Education is a general term for education outside of a standard school setting.
  • Informal Education is the wise, respectful, and spontaneous process of cultivating learning.
  • It works through conversation, exploration, and enlargement of experience.
FORMAL
  • Organized, guided by a formal curriculum, leads to a formally recognized credential such as a high school completion diploma or a degree.
  • It is often guided and recognized by the government at some level.
  • Teachers are usually trained as professionals in some way.
NON-FORMAL
  • Non-formal Education (NFE) is any organized educational activity that takes place outside the formal educational system.
  • Usually, it is flexible, learner-centred, contextualized, and uses a participatory approach.
  • There is no specific target group for NFE; it could be kids, youth, or adults.
  • It is based on learner, need and life.

Hence, we conclude that non-formal is not examination-oriented. India’s #1 Learning Platform Start Complete Exam Preparation Daily Live MasterClasses Practice Question Bank Mock Tests & Quizzes Trusted by 3.4 Crore+ Students

  1. Which of the following statements regarding non-formal education system is/are correct?
  2. I. It has flexible curricula and methodology
  3. II. It does not require student attendance, decreasing the contact between teacher and student
  1. Neither I nor II
  2. Only II
  3. Both I and II
  4. Only I

Education is not limited to preparation for life, but education is life itself.” It is through education that one can change the face of the world. Through education, one has the opportunity to learn both inside and outside of the school. That’s why it is open-ended and all-inclusive than schooling. NOTE : Refer to the table for further information

Points Definition
INFORMAL
  • Informal Education is a general term for education outside of a standard school setting.
  • Informal Education is the wise, respectful, and spontaneous process of cultivating learning.
  • It works through conversation, exploration, and enlargement of experience.
FORMAL
  • Organized, guided by a formal curriculum, leads to a formally recognized credential such as a high school completion diploma or a degree.
  • It is often guided and recognized by the government at some level.
  • Teachers are usually trained as professionals in some way.
NON-FORMAL
  • Non-formal Education (NFE) is any organized educational activity that takes place outside the formal educational system.
  • Usually, it is flexible, learner-centered, contextualized, and uses a participatory approach.
  • There is no specific target group for NFE; it could be kids, youth, or adults.
  • It is based on the learner, needs, and life.
  • It does not require student attendance, decreasing the contact between teacher and student

Hence, we conclude that both statements are true about non-formal education. India’s #1 Learning Platform Start Complete Exam Preparation Daily Live MasterClasses Practice Question Bank Mock Tests & Quizzes Trusted by 3.4 Crore+ Students _ educational includes such learning situations which do not have curriculum, syllabus or certification but typically take place naturally as part of other activities.

  1. Special
  2. Formal
  3. Non – formal
  4. None of the above

The education system included all forms including formal, informal, special and non-formal education.

  • Non-formal education- It has not a well-defined set of features. The strategy does not require student attendance, decreasing the contacts between teacher and student and most activities take place outside the institution, like home-based reading and other assignments. This endowed with flexible curricula and methodology, capable of adapting to the needs and interests of students, for their own speed, pace and requirement.
  • Formal education: It is organized, guided by a formal curriculum, leads to a formally recognized credential such as a high school completion diploma or a degree. It is often guided and recognized by the government at some level. Teachers are usually trained as professionals in some way.
  • Informal education: It is a general term for education outside of a standard school setting. It is the wise, respectful, and spontaneous process of cultivating learning. It works through conversation, exploration, and enlargement of experience, It is the oldest form and its existence is as long as society itself. Formal and non-formal are plays later development. Informal education is characterized by a changed relationship between learner and teacher in an informal learning context.

Hence, n on-formal educational includes such learning situations which do not have curriculum, syllabus or certification but typically take place naturally as part of other activities. India’s #1 Learning Platform Start Complete Exam Preparation Daily Live MasterClasses Practice Question Bank Mock Tests & Quizzes Trusted by 3.4 Crore+ Students Which one of these statements is not true in case of non-formal education?

  1. It is learner oriented
  2. It is examination oriented
  3. It is life oriented
  4. It is need oriented

Option 2 : It is examination oriented Education is not limited to preparation for life, but education is life itself.” It is through education that one can change the face of the world. Through education, one has the opportunity to learn both inside and outside of the school. That’s why it is open-ended and all-inclusive than schooling. NOTE : Refer to the table for further information

Points Definition
INFORMAL
  • Informal Education is a general term for education outside of a standard school setting.
  • Informal Education is the wise, respectful, and spontaneous process of cultivating learning.
  • It works through conversation, exploration, and enlargement of experience.
FORMAL
  • Organized, guided by a formal curriculum, leads to a formally recognized credential such as a high school completion diploma or a degree.
  • It is often guided and recognized by the government at some level.
  • Teachers are usually trained as professionals in some way.
NON-FORMAL
  • Non-formal Education (NFE) is any organized educational activity that takes place outside the formal educational system.
  • Usually, it is flexible, learner-centred, contextualized, and uses a participatory approach.
  • There is no specific target group for NFE; it could be kids, youth, or adults.
  • It is based on learner, need and life.
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Hence, we conclude that non-formal is not examination-oriented. India’s #1 Learning Platform Start Complete Exam Preparation Daily Live MasterClasses Practice Question Bank Mock Tests & Quizzes Trusted by 3.4 Crore+ Students : Non-formal Education MCQ – Objective Question Answer for Non-formal Education Quiz – Download Now!
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What are the examples of non-formal curriculum?

Formal, non-formal and informal learning – Linguistic Integration of Adult Migrants (LIAM) Educational systems exist to promote formal learning, which follows a syllabus and is intentional in the sense that learning is the goal of all the activities learners engage in.

Learning outcomes are measured by and other forms of assessment. Adult migrants engage in formal learning when they take a course in the language of their host community. If the course is based on an analysis of their needs, it will follow a syllabus that specifies the communicative to be achieved by successful learners.

The nature and scope of that repertoire should be reflected in whatever forms of assessment accompany the course. Non-formal learning takes place outside formal learning environments but within some kind of organisational framework. It arises from the learner’s conscious decision to master a particular activity, skill or area of knowledge and is thus the result of intentional effort.

But it need not follow a formal syllabus or be governed by external accreditation and assessment. Non-formal learning typically takes place in community settings: swimming classes for small children, sports clubs of various kinds for all ages, reading groups, debating societies, amateur choirs and orchestras, and so on.

Some non-formal learning arrangements become increasingly formal as learners become more proficient; one thinks, for example, of graded exams in music and other performing arts. Adult migrants engage in non-formal language learning when they participate in organised activities that combine the learning and use of their target language with the acquisition of a particular skill or complex of knowledge.

  1. Informal learning takes place outside schools and colleges and arises from the learner’s involvement in activities that are not undertaken with a learning purpose in mind.
  2. Informal learning is involuntary and an inescapable part of daily life; for that reason, it is sometimes called experiential learning,

Learning that is formal or non-formal is partly intentional and partly incidental: when we consciously pursue any learning target we cannot help learning things that are not part of that target. Informal learning, however, is exclusively incidental. These definitions and distinctions help us to understand the complexity of successful language learning.

  • When children acquire their first language they do so not because they are taught.
  • Their learning is an incidental result of their participation in family life, and the linguistic skills they develop and the concepts they master reflect the social practices of their immediate environment.
  • Similarly, adults are said to learn a second or subsequent language “naturalistically” when they do so by living among speakers of the language and interacting with them on a daily basis.

Their emerging communicative repertoire is shaped not by a conscious learning agenda but by their attempts to satisfy their social and material needs. These are both examples of informal learning. In either case informal learning may be supported by non-formal learning: intentional learning that is prompted, for example, by the explanations parents give to their children and adult learners receive from those with whom they interact.

  1. When children learn to read and write in their first language, they generally do so as part of their formal education and as a result of conscious effort; and when adult migrants attend a course in the language of their host community, they are aiming to achieve a prescribed level of proficiency.
  2. In both cases, however, intentional learning is usually accompanied by incidental learning; and the effects of incidental learning in formal educational contexts are reinforced by informal and non-formal learning in the world outside.

The literacy of young children benefits from their out-of-school engagement in the reading they undertake for pleasure or in pursuit of a special interest, and the proficiency of adult migrants in the language of the host community is likely to be enhanced when they have opportunities to interact informally with other speakers of the language.

  • These considerations prompt two questions.
  • First, how can those responsible for organising language courses for adult migrants ensure that their learners have opportunities to use the language outside the classroom and thus benefit from informal/non-formal learning? One obvious answer is to arrange cultural visits and social activities that bring the learners into informal contact with members of the host community.

Another is to encourage learners to participate in social activities, or to arrange such activities specifically for their benefit. Secondly, if adult migrants who have learnt the language of their host community “naturalistically” are required to demonstrate proficiency in that language in order to secure a residence permit or citizenship, can their informal/non-formal learning be recognised without requiring them to take a test? Any attempt to answer this question must consider alternative forms of assessment (the OECD has explored the recognition of non-formal and informal learning by adults in a ).

  1. At a time when many Council of Europe member states are receiving large numbers of adult refugees, the distinctions between formal, non-formal and informal learning help us to formulate radical and cost-effective responses to questions that have previously been answered in traditional ways.
  2. Instead of organising, for example, in the short term it makes much better sense, and is certainly more affordable, to involve volunteers in the organisation of social activities that promote non-formal and informal language learning.

If appropriately designed and efficiently implemented, such activities can provide migrant learners with a sound basis for participating in formal language courses at a later stage if that is judged to be desirable or necessary. DL : Formal, non-formal and informal learning – Linguistic Integration of Adult Migrants (LIAM)
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What are the three types of education?

There are three main types of education, namely, Formal, Informal and Non-formal.
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What is called education acquired without any specific purpose fixed and place?

What is called education acquired without any specific purpo Option 3 : Informal Education Free 80 Questions 80 Marks 50 Mins Education can mean different things to different people. Some people will see education as something that happens in a classroom, while others might see it as something that comes from life experiences.

Formal education Informal education Non-Formal Education

It is taught in a formal setting such as a classroom. It usually begins in elementary school and continues through secondary, higher secondary, graduate, postgraduate, doctorate, and post-doctorate. It confers certificates, degrees, and diplomas. Students who are usually grouped by age or education level are taught by professional teachers in a structured environment. The curriculum is planned and deliberate and often follows a strict syllabus created by the teacher or another education professional

Informal education does not include any defined purpose, subjects, fixed duration or location, or assessment criteria. It is the learning that is indirect and spontaneous and takes place from day-to-day activities, experiences, or situations. It covers everything from a parent teaching a child how to read or count in the home to being taught a skill by a friend. It consists of experiences and learning from being a part of a family and community as opposed to a structured classroom setting.

One would think that non-formal education would be similar to informal education based on its name, but it has more in common with formal education in that it often involves instruction from a teacher. However, it does not rely on a syllabus or any other set structure. If there is a structure in place, it is malleable by the teacher and can be customized to meet a student’s needs. Some examples of non-formal education include job training, adult education courses, fitness courses, and any one-on-one tutoring session that can be customized with the student in mind.

Hence, informal education acquired without any specific purpose, fixed period and place. India’s #1 Learning Platform Start Complete Exam Preparation Daily Live MasterClasses Practice Question Bank Mock Tests & Quizzes Trusted by 3.4 Crore+ Students : What is called education acquired without any specific purpo
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Which one of the following is not a type of curriculum?

Hence, we conclude that being student-oriented is not a type of curriculum.
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What are the four types of non-formal education?

NFE can be distinguished by reference to their relationship with the formal school and college system. These are: paranormal education, popular education, education for personal development and professional training.
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What is traditional curriculum example?

Traditional Curriculum Described – Traditional curriculum on the other hand is typically the teacher-centered delivery of instruction on certain topics to a classroom of learners. Success is often measured by proficiency of memorization and extensive testing of knowledge and skills comprehension.
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What are the different styles of education?

Home > News > How Effective are these Five Teaching Styles? 17 April 2015 | Posted by: innova Which Education Are No Fixed Curriculum Throughout the last century, traditional teaching methods have undergone significant changes; brought on by social, cultural and technological developments. In the contemporary classroom, five distinct teaching styles have emerged as the primary strategies adopted by modern teachers: The Authority Style, The Delegator Style, The Facilitator Style, The Demonstrator Style and The Hybrid Style. Which Education Are No Fixed Curriculum
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Who said no fixed aim of education?

1. Aims are proximate and there are no fixed and ultimate aims of education, according to Dewey.
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What is informal curriculum in education?

The Nature of Teaching informal curriculum is not standards-based and is more activity-focused than the formal curriculum. It was designed for nonformal educators who work in places like nature centers and host field days and 4-H clubs. The curriculum includes five 20-30 minute lessons that correspond with the nature-based curriculum topics of wildlife, mental health, nutrition, and physical activity. Unit 1 Chirp Chip Station Families will observe a demonstration of how to make a bird feeder. Families can also spend some time watching birds at a feeder already established and identify common birds.

Chirp Chirp Lesson (free pdf download) Assessment (pdf)

Unit 2 Gardening Station Families will learn together about where their food comes from. Families will connect with nature as they learn about how their food grows and may even result in trying new foods once harvested.

Garden Surprise Lesson (free pdf download) Garden Surprise Assessment (free pdf download)

Unit 3 Tree Talk Station Families will learn together about the trees in their environment. Learning about trees will support curiosity and interest in nature encouraging families to spend time together discovering nature while gaining the benefits of better health of spending time in nature.

Tree Talk Lesson (free pdf download) Tree Talk Assessment (free pdf download)

Unit 1 Chirp Chip Station Families will observe a demonstration of how to make a bird feeder. Families can also spend some time watching birds at a feeder already established and identify common birds.

Chirp Chirp Lesson (free pdf download) Assessment (pdf)

Unit 2 Gardening Station Families will learn together about where their food comes from. Families will connect with nature as they learn about how their food grows and may even result in trying new foods once harvested.

Garden Surprise Lesson (free pdf download) Garden Surprise Assessment (free pdf download)

Unit 3 Tree Talk Station Families will learn together about the trees in their environment. Learning about trees will support curiosity and interest in nature encouraging families to spend time together discovering nature while gaining the benefits of better health of spending time in nature.

Tree Talk Lesson (free pdf download) Tree Talk Assessment (free pdf download)

More Resources View The Education Store, Purdue Extension’s resource center, for more curriculum, activities and guides. More Resources View The Education Store, Purdue Extension’s resource center, for more curriculum, activities and guides.
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What is difference between formal and informal education?

The Role of Formal and Informal Education The role of formal and informal education (urbancow, iStockphoto) The role of formal and informal education (urbancow, iStockphoto) Formal education refers to systematic, curriculum-based, teacher-directed learning that happens within an institution such as a school, college, or university.
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What are the two types of curriculum in education?

There are two types of current curriculum models both of them are equally important when designing curriculums : Product Model – Here acquiring a better grade is of the prime objective. Process Model – Here the process of imparting the knowledge is considered important.
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What are the 5 types of curriculum?

The five basic types of curriculum are Traditional, Thematic, Programmed, Classical, and Technological. The most used curriculum can be found within these broader categories. Le – : Five Basic Types of Curriculum | Curriculum, Homeschool learning, Basic
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What is spiral curriculum in education?

A spiral curriculum can be defined as a course of study in which students will see the same topics throughout their school career, with each encounter increasing in complexity and reinforcing previous learning.
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How many curriculum are there in education?

A framework that will decide how and what children are taught in schools is being formulated and will decide how education in Indian schools could change very soon More ‘local flavour’, a focus on the Indian Knowledge System, appreciation of national heritage, and doing arts and craft that involve working with artisans.

These are just some of the notable features that could be part of the National Curriculum Framework for school education. The central government is currently formulating four national curricula: for school education, early childhood care and education, teacher education, and adult education. The school curriculum is being reworked after 16 years and will dictate the development of courses and textbooks.

The development of the curricula is also being touted as being unique since it is based on a bottom-up approach. The national framework will be based on State Curriculum Frameworks which will be devised on the basis of district-level consultations with various stakeholders.

  1. Additionally, the entire process will be paperless.
  2. Why does it matter? The national curriculum framework will decide what school students will learn and how they will be taught subjects.
  3. It will also determine how the next generation of textbooks used in schools will be formulated.
  4. The National Education Policy 2020 document observed that the previous national curriculum framework aimed to sensitise students on various issues and move away from rote learning.

However, the document noted that the framework lacked adequate emphasis on course flexibility and did not provide courses to promote culture and traditional practices. “For the first time this national curriculum framework has been envisaged based on a very wider consultation process and for the first time in the country, the states are on-boarded right from the very beginning in the process,” said Sridhar Srivastava, director, National Council of Educational Research and Training ( NCERT ).

  • Introducing the new technology platform to the nodal officers of various states/ UTs, Srivastava said the wider consultation would be done through various means like a mobile app survey.
  • The main purpose of this consultation is that we want to be richer by the experience and the local flavour of the States and UTs, their views on the NEP 2020,” he said.

This model is being cited as a break from the original model, where the national framework would be devised by the NCERT after consultations with focus groups. The bottom-up approach The four frameworks being planned will be based on 25 themes drawn from the National Education Policy 2020.

  • As per information accessed by TOI, 17 new areas have been identified for incorporation into school education.
  • Apart from local culture, focus areas will include knowledge about citizenship, greater flexibility in the choice of subjects in secondary classes, reduction of curricula to core essentials and multilingualism.

The NCERT has set August 2022 as the deadline for the finalisation of the school curriculum, after which the development of the textbooks will commence. Sharing the roadmap for the rollout with officials on November 27 and 29, NCERT said that states will conduct the consultations in every district in which 60 participants will be consulted offline and 80 online.

  1. The participants will include teachers, teacher educators, parents, students, community members, non-literate people and administrators of educational institutes.
  2. Apart from this, states are supposed to conduct a mobile app survey with anywhere between 500 and 6000 community members depending on the density of the population.

The NCERT has asked states to complete the district-level consultations as well as the mobile application survey within four weeks. The survey consists of 100 questions related to the implementation of the National Education Policy 2020. The survey is divided into four areas – 40 questions in school education and 20 questions each for early childhood care and education, teacher education and adult education.
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What is meant by actual curriculum?

Curriculum From GOETE Glossary A curriculum traditionally can be defined as (1) a document describing content, aims, and situations, (2) a curriculum system, which deals with the context of human action and curriculum decisions and (3) as an area of decisions.

  • Belonging to this, a curriculum theory is a set of related statements that gives meaning to a school’s curriculum by pointing out the relationships among its elements and by directing its development, its use, and its evaluation.
  • Whereas former theorists act on the assumption that a curriculum is based on norms and rules, the contemporary discussion focuses on to be operationalised in standards that are supposed to be evaluated.

This process is accompanied by a change of perspective from input to output. The aims had been repressed by the outcomes of pupils learning. Curricula no longer concentrate on what pupils should learn, but on what they should be able to do and what is necessary in daily action.

  • Three types of curriculum can be broadly differentiated: content, which is expected to be learned, the curriculum that is taught by teachers, and the curriculum that students actually learn.
  • The intended curriculum, which is also labelled as ›recommended‹, ›adopted‹, ›official‹, ›formal‹ ›planned‹ or ›explicit‹ curriculum is the body of content contained in official curriculum documents, list of courses, syllabuses and prospectuses.

The intended curriculum incorporates core knowledge and values students are expected to learn. It provides a map of theories, beliefs and intentions about schooling, teaching, learning and, The taught curriculum refers to formal and informal lessons taught in classrooms, it is what teachers do to convey content, ideas, skills and attitudes.

  1. It is also called as ›implicit‹, ›delivered‹ or ›operational‹ curriculum.
  2. Since teacher beliefs and classroom realities alter intended curriculum, there can be significant differences between intended and taught curriculum.
  3. Finally, learned curriculum, ›the actual‹ or ›received‹ curriculum, refers to the reality of students experiences, and defines what students have actually learned.

There can also be large gaps between what is taught and what is learned. The differences between intended, taught and learned curriculum may be conscious or unconscious. For instance, teachers may deliberately implement the curriculum in ways different from suggestions of policy makers or classroom realities may not match up to the intentions and expectations of curriculum designers.
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What is the curriculum in regular education?

The term curriculum refers to the lessons and academic content taught in a school or in a specific course or program. In dictionaries, curriculum is often defined as the courses offered by a school, but it is rarely used in such a general sense in schools.

Depending on how broadly educators define or employ the term, curriculum typically refers to the knowledge and skills students are expected to learn, which includes the learning standards or learning objectives they are expected to meet; the units and lessons that teachers teach; the assignments and projects given to students; the books, materials, videos, presentations, and readings used in a course; and the tests, assessments, and other methods used to evaluate student learning.

An individual teacher’s curriculum, for example, would be the specific learning standards, lessons, assignments, and materials used to organize and teach a particular course. When the terms curriculum or curricula are used in educational contexts without qualification, specific examples, or additional explanation, it may be difficult to determine precisely what the terms are referring to—mainly because they could be applied to either all or only some of the component parts of a school’s academic program or courses.

In many cases, teachers develop their own curricula, often refining and improving them over years, although it is also common for teachers to adapt lessons and syllabi created by other teachers, use curriculum templates and guides to structure their lessons and courses, or purchase prepackaged curricula from individuals and companies.

In some cases, schools purchase comprehensive, multigrade curriculum packages—often in a particular subject area, such as mathematics—that teachers are required to use or follow. Curriculum may also encompass a school’s academic requirements for graduation, such as the courses students have to take and pass, the number of credits students must complete, and other requirements, such as completing a capstone project or a certain number of community-service hours.

Generally speaking, curriculum takes many different forms in schools—too many to comprehensively catalog here. It is important to note that while curriculum encompasses a wide variety of potential educational and instructional practices, educators often have a very precise, technical meaning in mind when they use the term.

Most teachers spend a lot of time thinking about, studying, discussing, and analyzing curriculum, and many educators have acquired a specialist’s expertise in curriculum development—i.e., they know how to structure, organize, and deliver lessons in ways that facilitate or accelerate student learning.

To noneducators, some curriculum materials may seem simple or straightforward (such as a list of required reading, for example), but they may reflect a deep and sophisticated understanding of an academic discipline and of the most effective strategies for learning acquisition and classroom management,

For a related discussion, see hidden curriculum,
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What is a regular curriculum?

How it relates to Common Core State Standards and testing – Klaus Vedfeldt / Getty Images Updated on March 04, 2020 “Regular education” is the term often used to describe the educational experience of typically developing children. The content of this curriculum is defined in most states by state standards, many of which have adopted the Common Core State Standards,

These standards define the academic skills that students should acquire at each grade level. This is the Free and Appropriate Public Education against which the program of a student who receives special education is evaluated. In contrast, “general education” is used interchangeably with “regular education but is preferred, as it is politically correct to speak of “general education students” as opposed to “regular education students”,

“Regular” implies that special education students are irregular, or somehow flawed. While it’s the curriculum designed for all children which are meant to meet state standards (or if adopted, the Common Core State Standards), the General Education program is also the program which the state’s annual test — required by NCLB (No Child Left Behind) — is designed to evaluate.
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What is a non traditional curriculum?

Non-traditional education is education that is offered in ways other than common daytime college classrooms. There are many versions of non-traditional education, such as college-prep education, evening courses, independent learning, online learning, residencies, cross-registration and one-on-one learning.
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What is no formal education?

Introduction – Non-formal education refers to education that occurs outside the formal school system. Non-formal education is often used interchangeably with terms such as community education, adult education, lifelong education and second-chance education.

  • It refers to a wide range of educational initiatives in the community, ranging from home-based learning to government schemes and community initiatives.
  • It includes accredited courses run by well-established institutions as well as locally based operations with little funding.
  • As non-formal education is diverse, this element has many aspects in common with other elements, particularly Lifelong learning.

For the purposes of these guidelines, this element focuses on non-formal education for children and young people outside the regular school system. However, CBR personnel need to be aware that non-formal education reinforces marginalization and stigmatization, so if possible it should not be offered as the only educational option for children with disabilities.
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