When Was The Secondary Education Commission Formed?


When Was The Secondary Education Commission Formed

Secondary Education Commission – Wikipedia

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Who established Secondary Education Commission?

Secondary Education Commission The established the Secondary Education Commission on 23 September 1952 under the chairmanship of Dr. Lakshmanaswamy Mudaliar. It was called the Mudaliar Commission after him. The commission recommended diversifying the, adding an intermediate level, introducing three-tier undergraduate courses, etc.
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When was All India Secondary Education Commission established?

Mudaliar Commission in Brief

Commission Mudaliar Commission
Known as Secondary Education commission
Appointment Appointed by the Govt. Of India on the recommendation of CABE on 23rd September, 1952
Chairman Dr. Lakshman Swami Mudaliar
Secretary A.N. Basu

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Which formula is given in Secondary Education Commission?

Three language formula is suggested by Option 3 : Indian Education Commission 1964-1966 Free 120 Questions 120 Marks 120 Mins The correct answer is Kothari Commission, Key Points

The formula is enunciated in the 1968 National Policy Resolution. Which provided for the study of Hindi, English, and regional language of the respective States, In the NEP 2020, it was decided to push for the three-language formula, to promote multilingualism and national unity. Three-Language Formula (Kothari Commission 1968)

First language: It will be the mother tongue or regional language. Second language: In Hindi-speaking states, it will be other modern Indian languages or English.

In non-Hindi-speaking states, it will be Hindi or English.

Third Language: In Hindi-speaking states, it will be English or a modern Indian language.

In the non-Hindi-speaking state, it will be English or a modern Indian language.

Hence, three language formula is suggested by Indian Education Commission 1964-1966. National Education Commission (1964-1966), popularly known as Kothari Commission Additional Information

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The Kothari Commission was appointed by the Government of India to overhaul the Indian Education sector, It was formed on 14 July 1964, It was formed under the Chairmanship of Daulat Singh Kothari, He was the then chairman of the University Grants Commission (UGC). It was dissolved on 29 June 1966, Kothari Commission was the sixth commission in India, post-independence, but it was the first commission mandated to comprehensively deal with India’s education sector, In a span of 21 months, the Commission had interviewed 9000 people who were working as scholars, educators and scientists. The Report was submitted by the Kothari Commission on 29th June 1966 to M.C.Chagla, the then minister of education,

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What is the another name of secondary education?

Definition – Secondary education is in most countries the phase in the education continuum responsible for the development of the young during their adolescence, the most rapid phase of their physical, mental and emotional growth. It is at this very education level, particularly in its first cycle, where values and attitudes formed at primary school are more firmly ingrained alongside the acquisition of knowledge and skills.

—  From UNESCO, Secondary Education Reform: Towards a Convergence of Knowledge Acquisition and Skills Development, 2005 The 1997 International Standard Classification of Education (ISCED) describes seven levels that can be used to compare education internationally. Within a country these can be implemented in different ways, with different age levels and local denominations.

The seven levels are:

  • Level 0 – Pre-primary education
  • Level 1 – Primary education or first stage of basic education
  • Level 2 – Lower secondary or second stage of basic education
  • Level 3 – (Upper) secondary education
  • Level 4 – Post-secondary non-tertiary education
  • Level 5 – First stage of tertiary education
  • Level 6 – Second stage of tertiary education
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Within this system, Levels 1 and 2 – that is, primary education and lower secondary – together form basic education, Beyond that, national governments may attach the label of secondary education to Levels 2 through 4 together, Levels 2 and 3 together, or Level 2 alone.

These level definitions were put together for statistical purposes, and to allow the gathering of comparative data nationally and internationally. They were approved by the UNESCO General Conference at its 29th session in November 1997. Though they may be dated, they do provide a universal set of definitions and remain unchanged in the 2011 update.

The start of lower secondary education is characterised by the transition from the single-class-teacher, who delivers all content to a cohort of pupils, to one where content is delivered by a series of subject specialists. Its educational aim is to complete provision of basic education (thereby completing the delivery of basic skills) and to lay the foundations for lifelong learning.

  • entry after some 6 years of primary education
  • the requirement for more highly qualified teachers teaching only within their specialism
  • exit to Level 3 courses, or vocational education, or employment after 9 or more total years of education.

The end of lower secondary education often coincides with the end of compulsory education in countries where that exists. (Upper) secondary education starts on the completion of basic education, which also is defined as completion of lower secondary education.

  • entry after some 9 years of basic education
  • typical age at entry is between 14 and 16 years
  • all teachers have level 5 qualifications in the subject they are teaching
  • exit to Level 4 or 5 courses or to direct employment.

More subjects may be dropped, and increased specialism occurs. Completion of (upper) secondary education provides the entry requirements to Level 5 tertiary education, the entry requirements to technical or vocational education (Level 4, non tertiary course), or direct entry into the workplace.

In 2012 the ISCED published further work on education levels where it codified particular paths and redefined the tertiary levels. Lower secondary education and (upper) secondary education could last between 2 and 5 years, and the transition between two often would be when students were allowed some subject choice.

Terminology for secondary schools varies by country, and the exact meaning of any of these varies. Secondary schools may also be called academies, colleges, gymnasiums, high schools, lyceums, middle schools, preparatory schools, sixth-form colleges, upper schools, or vocational schools, among other names.
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Who is first the Kothari Commission?

Core group

No. Designation Name
1 Chairman D.S. Kothari
2 Member Secretary J.P. Naik
3 Associate Secretary J.F. McDougall
4 Member A.R. Dawood

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Who gave Kothari Commission?

Introduction – Kothari Commission was formed on July 14, 1964 under the chairmanship of Dr.D.S. Kothari, which is why it is also known as the Kothari Commission. After its creation, the Government of India expressed the view that the Commission would provide assistance and appropriate suggestions to the Government of India in policy formulation of national education.

Official Name National Education Commission, 1964
Formed in July 14, 1964
Reports Submitted on June 29, 1966
Chairman Dr. Dulat Singh Kothari (D.S Kothari)
Total Members 17
Headquarters New Delhi, India
Purpose To remove the defects in the existing education system
Main Objective (s) To review the Indian education system and provide appropriate suggestions to the Government of India for its improvement.

The commission collects various information to improve the education system of India and presents it to the Government of India and makes recommendations to the government in the formulation of education policy. The commission presents the real education level of the country and exchanges various suggestions for improvement in it.
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Who was the chairperson of Secondary Education Commission 1948?

S. Radhakrishnan was the Chairman of the University Education Commission (1948).
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Who is the commissioner of basic and secondary education?

Jigem Johannes, Commissioner of Basic and Secondary Education.
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