When Was Education Included In Concurrent List?

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When Was Education Included In Concurrent List
Transferred Subjects – Through the 42nd Amendment Act of 1976 Five subjects were transferred from State to Concurrent List. They are:

  1. Education
  2. Forests
  3. Weights & Measures
  4. Protection of Wild Animals and Birds
  5. Administration of Justice

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In which list education is included in India?

Under the Constitution of India legislative section is divided into three lists; Union List, State List and Concurrent List. Among the 52 items education is one of the item in Concurrent List.
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In which year the education item was transferred from State list to Concurrent List?

Union List, State List, Concurrent List – Introduction – As mentioned earlier, Article 246 deals with the 7th Schedule of the that mentions three lists named as Union List, State List and Concurrent List which specify the divisions of power between Union and States. The key features of Union List, State List & Concurrent List are mentioned in the tables below:

7th Schedule of Indian Constitution – Union List
It originally had 97 subjects. Now, it has 100 subjects
Centre has exclusive powers to makes laws on the subjects mentioned under the Union List of Indian Constitution
The Union List signifies the strong centre as it has more subjects than state list
It contains more important subjects than included in any of the other two lists
All the issues/matters that are important for the nation and those requiring uniformity of legislation nationwide are included in the Union List
The dominance of Union List over State List is secured by the Constitution of India as in any conflict between the two or overlapping, the Union List prevails
Law made by the Parliament on a subject of the Union List can confer powers and impose duties on a state, or authorise the conferring of powers and imposition of duties by the Centre upon a state
There are 15 subjects in the Union List on which Parliament has an exclusive power to levy taxes
88th Amendment added a new subject in the Union List called ‘taxes on services.’
‘s jurisdiction and powers with respect to matters in the Union list can be enlarged by the Parliament

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7th Schedule of Indian Constitution – State List It has 61 subjects. Earlier, it had 66 items. shifted below mentioned five subjects from State list to Concurrent List:

  • Education
  • Forests
  • Protection of wild animals and birds
  • Weights and measures and
  • Administration of justice, constitution and organisation of all courts except the Supreme Court and the High Courts
The laws can be made on the subjects enumerated under the State List of the Indian Constitution exclusively by the State legislatures. However, all these can be done only under ‘Normal Circumstances.’ Article 249 gives Parliament the power to legislate concerning a subject enumerated in the State List in the national interest Parliament can legislate on subjects that are enumerated under the State List on three conditions:

  • When passes resolution
  • During a national emergency (Article 250)
  • When two or more states pass a resolution requesting Parliament to legislate on subjects under State List

Note:

  1. On states’ resolution, the law made is only applicable to such states that passed a resolution. However, other states can too adopt it by, passing the same resolution.
  2. The law made by the Parliament on States’ resolution can be amended or repealed by the Parliament only and not the states:
    • For the implementation of International Agreements
    • During
The matters of regional and local importance and the matters which permits diversity of interest are specified in the State List There are 20 subjects in the State List on which states’ legislatures have an exclusive power to levy taxes The 69th Constitutional Amendment Act of 1991 made special provision in relation to National Capital. Laws cannot be made by Delhi government on three subjects under State List named as – Public Order, Police & Land

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7th Schedule of Indian Constitution – Concurrent List It has 52 subjects enumerated under it 42nd amendment Act 1976 shifted below mentioned five subjects from State list to Concurrent List:

  • Education
  • Forests
  • Protection of wild animals and birds
  • Weights and measures and
  • Administration of justice, constitution and organisation of all courts except the Supreme Court and the High Courts
The concept of ‘Concurrent List’ in the Indian Constitution has been borrowed from the Constitution of Australia Central Government and State Government both can make laws on the subjects mentioned under the Concurrent List While both Central and State Government can legislate on subjects mentioned under Concurrent List, however, in case of any conflict, the law made by the Central Government prevails The matters on which uniformity of legislation throughout the country is desirable but not essential are enumerated in the concurrent list There are 03 subjects in the Concurrent List on which both Central and state governments have the power to levy taxes

Over the years, polity has been one of the key subjects within the from which questions have been asked in the prelims and mains examination. Schedules of the Indian Constitution is a very important part of this subject.
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Why education has been placed in Concurrent List?

Education was put in concurrent list through which constitut Free 10 Questions 10 Marks 6 Mins

The legislative section of the Indian constitution is divided into three lists including union, state and concurrent list. In beginning, the Indian constitution had defined ‘education’ as a subject of state matter but in 1976, it was transferred to the concurrent list through the enactment of the 42nd amendment.

All three lists of the constitution:

UNION LIST STATE LIST CONCURRENT LIST
Has subjects of National importance. Has subjects of local and state importance. Has subjects of common interest both to Centre and State
Union alone can make laws. State Govt. alone can make laws. Both the Centre and State can frame laws.
Defence, Banking, Currency, Foreign affairs and communication Police, trade, commerce agriculture and irrigation. Education, Forest, Trade Union, Marriage, Adoption and Succession.

Hence, we can say that Education was put on the concurrent list through the enactment of the 42nd amendment. India’s #1 Learning Platform Start Complete Exam Preparation Daily Live MasterClasses Practice Question Bank Mock Tests & Quizzes Trusted by 3.4 Crore+ Students : Education was put in concurrent list through which constitut
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Which amendment made education in the Concurrent List?

42nd Constitutional Amendment shifting education from State to Concurrent list is ‘a poisonous tree’, HC told November 07, 2022 10:13 pm | Updated 10:13 pm IST – CHENNAI The 42 nd Amendment to the Constitution through which education was moved from the State list to the Concurrent list during the 1976 Emergency is a “poisonous tree” that has borne many harmful fruits, such as the National Education Policy (NEP) 2020 introduced by the Centre, the Madras High Court was told on Monday during the arguments on a case challenging the validity of the amendment.

  1. Appearing before a Full Bench of Justices R.
  2. Mahadevan, M.
  3. Sundar and Senthilkumar Ramamoorthy, senior counsel N.R.
  4. Elango, representing Aram Seyya Virumbu Trust, said it was during the second Emergency period (1975) that the Parliament passed the House of the People (Extension of Duration) Act on February 16, 1976, extending the duration of the fifth Lok Sabha by one year.

During such an extended tenure and under the rigours of the Emergency, the Constitution (44 th Amendment) Bill, 1976 was introduced, and it eventually got passed as the Constitution (42 nd Amendment) Act in September 1976. Through this Act, various amendments were made to the Constitution but the statement of objects and reasons did not disclose why ‘Education’ was being moved from the State to the Concurrent list, he pointed out.

  1. Arguing that a mention about the intention behind a law in the statement of objects and reasons was not a mere formality, Mr.
  2. Ilango said even the courts often relied upon such statements to ascertain the objective behind enactment of laws.
  3. Though as many 20 State legislatures, excluding Tamil Nadu and Meghalaya, which were then under Governor’s rule, too had ratified the amendment, those legislatures were also unaware of the object.
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“If without any reason an amendment had been made, that kind of amendment is to be tested as to whether it has been correctly presented before the members of the House for their consideration. Even the States were not informed why this amendment had been proposed.

  • If you give no reasons at all, that legislative process is to be faulted,” the senior counsel said and recalled that in 1978, the Lok Sabha agreed to shift ‘Education’ back to State list but the Rajya Sabha did not.
  • Even in 1978, there was irregularity of procedure, he said and claimed that even as on date, it was the State governments that were spending more on education than the Centre.

He said, in 2005-06, the financial contribution of State governments towards education was 83% and only 17% was contributed by the Centre. In 2018-19, the State governments increased their contribution to 92% and only 8% was from the central government.

Further, expressing surprise over the incumbent Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) government supporting the Constitutional amendment brought in during the Emergency, Mr. Ilango said this should be the only issue on which the Centre had agreed with what was done during the Congress rule. He also said the present case filed by the petitioner trust was completely apolitical, and it was a body administered by jurists, journalists and medical professionals.

Since he could not complete his arguments, the judges adjourned the hearing to Tuesday for him to continue and be followed by senior counsel Kapil Sibal and Advocate General R. Shunmugasundaram for the State government. In the meantime, senior counsel N.L.

  1. Rajah and advocates Suhrith Parthasarathy as well as Mutharasu urged the court to permit three of their clients to implead themselves as parties to the case and assist the Bench in taking a decision in the matter. Mr.
  2. Rajah, representing former Anna University vice-chancellor E.
  3. Balagurusamy, contended that all the State governments which had ratified the 42 nd Constitutional Amendment must also be made respondents to the present case.

However, Mr. Elango argued that the Madras High Court could not exercise jurisdiction over other States. He also said that it was the court and not the petitioner who had made the Government of Tamil Nadu a party to the present case. Mr. Parthasarathy, representing K.P.

Subramanian, a 78-year-old retired professor of Anna University, supported the petitioner’s case and contended that the State governments alone would be best placed to determine how best to frame an education policy for the regions within their jurisdiction, and it was the State governments which could truly bear in mind the cultural and linguistic requirements of their respective domains.

After hearing them, the judges decided to take a call on the impleading petitions during the further proceedings of the case. “We shall see the trajectory that the case takes and then take a call on the impleading petitions,” Justice Sundar told the counsel.
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What is 42nd constitutional amendment?

Amendment of the Preamble – The original text of the Preamble before the 42nd Amendment The 42nd Amendment changed the description of India from a “sovereign democratic republic” to a “sovereign, socialist secular democratic republic”, and also changed the words “unity of the nation” to “unity and integrity of the nation”.B.R.

Ambedkar, the principal architect of the Constitution, was opposed to declaring India’s social and economic structure in the Constitution. During the Constituent Assembly debates on framing the Constitution in 1946, K.T. Shah proposed an amendment seeking to declare India as a “Secular, Federal, Socialist nation”.

In his opposition to the amendment, Ambedkar stated, “My objections, stated briefly are two. In the first place the Constitution is merely a mechanism for the purpose of regulating the work of the various organs of the State. It is not a mechanism where by particular members or particular parties are installed in office.

What should be the policy of the State, how the Society should be organised in its social and economic side are matters which must be decided by the people themselves according to time and circumstances. It cannot be laid down in the Constitution itself, because that is destroying democracy altogether.

If you state in the Constitution that the social organisation of the State shall take a particular form, you are, in my judgment, taking away the liberty of the people to decide what should be the social organisation in which they wish to live. It is perfectly possible today, for the majority people to hold that the socialist organisation of society is better than the capitalist organisation of society.

But it would be perfectly possible for thinking people to devise some other form of social organisation which might be better than the socialist organisation of today or of tomorrow. I do not see therefore why the Constitution should tie down the people to live in a particular form and not leave it to the people themselves to decide it for themselves.

This is one reason why the amendment should be opposed.” Ambedkar’s second objection was that the amendment was “purely superfluous” and “unnecessary”, as “socialist principles are already embodied in our Constitution” through Fundamental Rights and the Directive Principles of State Policy.
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Which of the following subject was included in the Concurrent List in 1976?

Which among the following subjects of the 7th schedule were transferred from the state list to concurrent list via an amendment of the constitution? Educatio Q. Which among the following subjects of the 7th schedule were transferred from the state list to concurrent list via an amendment of the constitution? Education Protection of wild animals and birds Constitutional and organization of lower judiciary Select the correct option from the codes given below: Answer: 1, 2 & 3 Notes: The 42nd Amendment Act of 1976 transferred five subjects to Concurrent List from State List, that is, (a) education, (b) forests, (c) weights and measures, (d) protection of wild animals and birds, and (e) administration of justice; constitution and organisation of all courts except the Supreme Court and the high courts.
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When was the education amendment passed?

In a Nutshell – The Legislative Branch, Congress enacted Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972, which requires that no person be excluded from participation in, denied the benefits of, or subjected to discrimination on the basis of sex under “any education program or activity receiving Federal financial assistance.” It authorizes any federal agency that provides such assistance to issue regulations to enforce the prohibition of sex discrimination.

It also allows termination of financial assistance when an institution does not voluntarily comply. The Executive Branch, In 1975, the United States Department of Health, Education and Welfare (which became the Department of Education and is referred to here as the Department) issued implementing regulations requiring every educational institution that receives federal financial assistance to file a document assuring its compliance with Title IX.

The Judicial Branch, The Supreme Court of the United States ruled in 1984 that Title IX’s non-discrimination and compliance requirements apply to any educational institution that receives federal financial assistance through grants provided directly to its students.

  1. At that time, the requirement applied only to the specific program or activity receiving federal assistance.
  2. In this instance the program was student financial aid.
  3. The Legislative Branch,
  4. In early 1988, the Senate and House of Representatives each responded to the Supreme Court decision by passing legislation (Civil Rights Restoration Act of 1987) which clarifies that a “program or activity,” for purposes of Title IX and other civil rights laws, refers to “all operations” of an institution whenever federal financial assistance is extended to “any part” of the institution.

The Executive Branch, On March 16, 1988, President Reagan vetoed the legislation on grounds that it “vastly and unjustifiably expand the power of the ederal government over the decisions and affairs of private organizations.” The Legislative Branch,
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Why Defence has been included in the Union list and education in the Concurrent List?

Union List includes subjects of national importance such as defence of the country, foreign affairs, banking, communications and currency. They are included in this list because we need a uniform policy on these matters throughout the country.
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What is the 14th Amendment in education?

Your Right to Equality in Education Getting an education isn’t just about books and grades – we’re also learning how to participate fully in the life of this nation. (We’re tomorrow’s leaders after all!) But in order to really participate, we need to know our rights – otherwise we may lose them.

  • The highest law in our land is the U.S.
  • Constitution, which has some amendments, known as the Bill of Rights.
  • The Bill of Rights guarantees that the government can never deprive people in the U.S.
  • Of certain fundamental rights including the right to freedom of religion and to free speech and the due process of law.
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Many federal and state laws give us additional rights, too. The Bill of Rights applies to young people as well as adults. And what I’m going to do right here is tell you about EQUAL TREATMENT, DO ALL KIDS HAVE THE RIGHT TO AN EQUAL EDUCATION? Yes! All kids living in the United States have the right to a free public education.

  1. And the Constitution requires that all kids be given equal educational opportunity no matter what their race, ethnic background, religion, or sex, or whether they are rich or poor, citizen or non-citizen.
  2. Even if you are in this country illegally, you have the right to go to public school.
  3. The ACLU is fighting hard to make sure this right isn’t taken away.

In addition to this constitutional guarantee of an equal education, many federal, state and local laws also protect students against discrimination in education based on sexual orientation or disability, including pregnancy and HIV status. In fact, even though some kids may complain about having to go to school, the right to an equal educational opportunity is one of the most valuable rights you have.
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What is the education Amendment Act of 1972?

Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972 Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972 (Title IX) prohibits sex (including pregnancy, sexual orientation, and gender identity) discrimination in any education program or activity receiving federal financial assistance.

What conduct is prohibited by Title IX? The Title IX regulation states that “except for provided elsewhere in this part, no person shall, on the basis of sex, be excluded from participation in, be denied the benefits of, or be subjected to discrimination under any academic, extracurricular, research, occupational training, or other education program or activity operated by a recipient which receives,

Federal financial assistance, (b) Specific prohibitions. Except as provided in this subpart, in providing any aid, benefit, or service to a student, a recipient shall not, on the basis of sex: (1) Treat one person differently from another in determining whether such person satisfies any requirement or condition for the provision of such aid, benefit, or service; (2) Provide different aid, benefits, or services or provide aid, benefits, or services in a different manner; (3) Deny any person any such aid, benefit, or service; (4) Subject any person to separate or different rules of behavior, sanctions, or other treatment; (5) Discriminate against any person in the application of any rules of appearance; (6) Apply any rule concerning the domicile or residence of a student or applicant, including eligibility for in-state fees and tuition; (7) Aid or perpetuate discrimination against any person by providing significant assistance to any agency, organization, or person which discriminates on the basis of sex in providing any aid, benefit or service to students or employees; (8) Otherwise limit any person in the enjoyment of any right, privilege, advantage, or opportunity.” 45 C.F.R.

  1. Denying admission of a person into an educational or training program on the basis of sex;
  2. Disqualifying a person for a research position on the basis of sex when it is irrelevant to ability to perform the job;
  3. Providing unequal educational resources to students of one sex compared to another;
  4. Engaging in gender –based or sexual harassment such as making unwelcome sexual comments, advances, and/or name-calling on the basis of sex.

Federal courts and agencies have found that Title IX prohibits sex-based harassment, including sexual harassment, when such harassment is sufficiently serious as to limit the ability to participate in and benefit from a program or activity. Click here for more information on sex-based harassment. Some examples of sexual harassment by entities receiving HHS funds include but are not limited to:

  1. Unwelcome and inappropriate advances to students and employees of a research lab funded by HHS made by professors, employees, researchers, teachers, and/or students;
  2. Sexual assault of a student or employee by a doctor or other medical staff in a student sports medicine program or other clinical setting that receives HHS funding.

Who is covered by Title IX? Title IX prohibits sex discrimination in the education programs and activities of entities that receive federal financial assistance. These programs and activities include “all of the operations of, a college, university, or other postsecondary institution, or a public system of higher education.” 20 U.S.C.

  • § 1687(2)(A); see also 45 C.F.R.
  • § 86.2(h).
  • Therefore, Title IX’s nondiscrimination protections apply to student recruitment, admissions, educational programs (including individual courses), research, housing, counseling, financial and employment assistance, health and insurance benefits and health services.

The federal agency that provides the federal financial assistance has jurisdiction over Title IX complaints. The Office for Civil Rights (OCR) at the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services has jurisdiction over Title IX claims of discrimination against entities that receive federal financial assistance through HHS.

  1. Colleges and universities, including all of the programs they operate, regardless of which program receives federal financial assistance from HHS. For example, a university would be covered by Title IX if:
    1. The university’s medical center receives Medicare reimbursements from the Center for Medicare & Medicaid Services;
    2. The university’s biology department receives grants from the National Institutes of Health;
    3. The university’s medical, dental, or nursing programs receive funds from the Health Resources and Services Administration.
  2. Education programs and activities of entities that are not colleges or universities but receive federal financial assistance from HHS for their educational program or activity. For example:
    1. Head Start educational programs for young children funded by the Administration for Children & Families
    2. Hospital professional training clinical programs that receive HHS funding;
    3. Fatherhood programs providing job training, financial education and other educational programs that receive grants through the Administration for Children & Families.

HHS OCR also has jurisdiction under Section 1557 of the Affordable Care Act (Section 1557) to investigate complaints of sex discrimination in health programs and activities of recipients of federal financial assistance and other covered entities. Click here for more information about Section 1557.

  • What should I do if I believe I have been discriminated against under Title IX? You can file a complaint with OCR if you have been subjected to sex discrimination, including sexual harassment, in an education program or activity that may have received HHS funds.
  • We will promptly inform you as to whether we have jurisdiction to investigate your complaint.

If we determine that the entity named in your complaint does not receive HHS funds, but receives funds from a different federal agency, we will forward the complaint to the appropriate agency. Certain types of complaints may be forwarded to another agency.

The U.S. Department of Justice (DOJ) regulations generally require referral of individual employment complaints of sex discrimination to the U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC). If there is a pattern and practice of employment discrimination or if the complaint alleges discrimination in employment and in other practices of a recipient, then OCR can investigate the complaint.

If you are not sure about whether OCR has jurisdiction to investigate your complaint, file a complaint with our office and we will help answer your questions through the complaint intake process and our initial evaluation of the complaint. For more information on how to file a complaint, click here,

  1. Please note that Title IX specifically prohibits retaliation for filing a discrimination complaint.
  2. When investigating a complaint, OCR informs all recipients of the prohibition on retaliation.
  3. In addition, during the complaint process, OCR will seek the complainant’s consent to reveal his/her identity or identifying information, if necessary, to investigate the complaint.

Consent is voluntary, and it is not always needed to investigate a complaint. Failure to provide consent, however, may make it difficult to investigate some aspects of the complaint. How does OCR resolve my complaint? If OCR determines that it has jurisdiction, OCR will investigate the complaint or, in some cases, refer the complaint to an agency with joint jurisdiction.

When OCR identifies a violation or compliance concern, it will work with the recipient to achieve compliance with the law. Depending on the scope of the changes required, complaints can be resolved through voluntary compliance letters or agreements requiring the recipient to develop policies, monitoring, notification, and training, which also resolve the specific incidents alleged in the complaint.

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If voluntary compliance cannot be achieved, OCR can issue a formal findings letter and refer the case to DOJ or begin administrative proceedings to revoke federal funds. What are some examples of OCR enforcement actions under Title IX :

  • Voluntary Resolution Agreement with Michigan State University
  • STEM Case Western *
  • STEM Einstein *
  • STEM South Carolina *

*This content is undergoing a Section 508 review. If you need immediate assistance accessing this content, please submit a request to [email protected], Content will be updated pending the outcome of the Section 508 review. Where can I get more information?

  • Title IX Final Rule
  • Title IX Regulations Addressing Sexual Harassment (Unofficial Copy) PDF
  • Title IX: U.S. Department of Education Title IX Final Rule Overview PDF
  • Summary of Major Provisions of the Title IX Final Rule PDF
  • Fact Sheet: Final Title IX Regulation
  • Questions and Answers Regarding the Department’s Final Title IX Rule

Resources for those receiving or affected by NIH-funded STEM and research:

  • Anti-Sexual Harassment
  • NIH Awardee Organizations and Those Who Work There
  • Expectations, Policies and Requirements
  • Additional Information on Sexual Harassment Policy (Sept 19, 2019)

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Which Amendment introduced the right to education?

Departmen of School Education & Literacy The Constitution (Eighty-sixth Amendment) Act, 2002 inserted Article 21-A in the Constitution of India to provide free and compulsory education of all children in the age group of six to fourteen years as a Fundamental Right in such a manner as the State may, by law, determine.

The Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education (RTE) Act, 2009, which represents the consequential legislation envisaged under Article 21-A, means that every child has a right to full time elementary education of satisfactory and equitable quality in a formal school which satisfies certain essential norms and standards.

Article 21-A and the RTE Act came into effect on 1 April 2010. The title of the RTE Act incorporates the words ‘free and compulsory’. ‘Free education’ means that no child, other than a child who has been admitted by his or her parents to a school which is not supported by the appropriate Government, shall be liable to pay any kind of fee or charges or expenses which may prevent him or her from pursuing and completing elementary education.

  • Compulsory education’ casts an obligation on the appropriate Government and local authorities to provide and ensure admission, attendance and completion of elementary education by all children in the 6-14 age group.
  • With this, India has moved forward to a rights based framework that casts a legal obligation on the Central and State Governments to implement this fundamental child right as enshrined in the Article 21A of the Constitution, in accordance with the provisions of the RTE Act.

The RTE Act provides for the:

Right of children to free and compulsory education till completion of elementary education in a neighbourhood school. It clarifies that ‘compulsory education’ means obligation of the appropriate government to provide free elementary education and ensure compulsory admission, attendance and completion of elementary education to every child in the six to fourteen age group. ‘Free’ means that no child shall be liable to pay any kind of fee or charges or expenses which may prevent him or her from pursuing and completing elementary education. It makes provisions for a non-admitted child to be admitted to an age appropriate class. It specifies the duties and responsibilities of appropriate Governments, local authority and parents in providing free and compulsory education, and sharing of financial and other responsibilities between the Central and State Governments. It lays down the norms and standards relating inter alia to Pupil Teacher Ratios (PTRs), buildings and infrastructure, school-working days, teacher-working hours. It provides for rational deployment of teachers by ensuring that the specified pupil teacher ratio is maintained for each school, rather than just as an average for the State or District or Block, thus ensuring that there is no urban-rural imbalance in teacher postings. It also provides for prohibition of deployment of teachers for non-educational work, other than decennial census, elections to local authority, state legislatures and parliament, and disaster relief. It provides for appointment of appropriately trained teachers, i.e. teachers with the requisite entry and academic qualifications. It prohibits (a) physical punishment and mental harassment; (b) screening procedures for admission of children; (c) capitation fee; (d) private tuition by teachers and (e) running of schools without recognition, It provides for development of curriculum in consonance with the values enshrined in the Constitution, and which would ensure the all-round development of the child, building on the child’s knowledge, potentiality and talent and making the child free of fear, trauma and anxiety through a system of child friendly and child centered learning.

: Departmen of School Education & Literacy
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What did Indian education mean from 1776 to 1926?

1776-1926: Indian education means “assimilation” – The United States of America entered into over 370 treaties with various Indian nations over the course of its history from 1778 through 1871. These treaties created trust responsibilities for the federal government with the Indian people, just as it is included agreements that the federal government would provide education, health, technical, and agricultural services to the tribes.

Until 1926, Indian education was viewed as a “civilizing” or “assimilation” process. The “assimilationists” saw the non-reservation boarding school as the best way to make young Indian children accept white men’s beliefs and value systems. The most well-known of all the non-reservation boarding schools was the school established in Carlisle, Pennsylvania, by Col.

Richard Henry Pratt in 1879. His goal was complete assimilation.

Students had to wear standard uniforms Boys had their long hair cut Students were given new names Traditional foods were abandoned Students were not allowed to speak their native languages, even to each other

Conversion to Christianity was deemed essential. Carlisle had a football team so the boys could learn the American value of winning. Holidays such as Columbus Day, Thanksgiving, New Year’s, and Memorial Day were used to further indoctrinate Indian youths into white culture.
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Which subject was included in the Concurrent List in 1976?

Which among the following subjects of the 7th schedule were transferred from the state list to concurrent list via an amendment of the constitution? Educatio Q. Which among the following subjects of the 7th schedule were transferred from the state list to concurrent list via an amendment of the constitution? Education Protection of wild animals and birds Constitutional and organization of lower judiciary Select the correct option from the codes given below: Answer: 1, 2 & 3 Notes: The 42nd Amendment Act of 1976 transferred five subjects to Concurrent List from State List, that is, (a) education, (b) forests, (c) weights and measures, (d) protection of wild animals and birds, and (e) administration of justice; constitution and organisation of all courts except the Supreme Court and the high courts.
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Which Constitution amendment in 1976 placed education on the current list?

Which subject was transferred from State List to Concurrent List by the 42nd Constitutional Amendment in 1976?(A) Education(B) Local self-government(C) Agriculture(D) Irrigation Answer Verified

Hint: The 42nd Amendment Act was enacted in 1976, reorganizing the Seventh Amendment to ensure that the subjects of the State list such as education, forestry, wildlife and bird protection, the administration of justice, and weights and measures were transferred to the Concurrent List. Complete solution: Hence, the correct answer is option A. Note:

The Seventh Schedule to the Constitution of India includes powers that will be overseen by the union and the state government. The clause is divided into three categories: Union List, State List and Concurrent List. Unlike the governments of the United States, Switzerland or Australia, the remaining power remains in the Federal Government, as in the Canadian federal government.

Through the 42nd Amendment Act of 1976, Five subjects were transferred from State to Concurrent List. They are:(1)Education(2)Forests(3)Weights & Measures(4)Protection of Wild Animals and Birds(5)Administration of Justice.The similarities are interesting but not essential to the same list. If any provision of legislation passed by the State Legislature is detrimental to any provision of legislation enacted by Parliament with the power to legislate, or to any provision of legislation in respect of one of the provisions of Concurrent, of that country, or, as the case may be, the existing law will apply and the law enacted by the Legislature, to the point of abhorrence, shall be null and void.

: Which subject was transferred from State List to Concurrent List by the 42nd Constitutional Amendment in 1976?(A) Education(B) Local self-government(C) Agriculture(D) Irrigation
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