What Is Zero Year In Education?


What Is Zero Year In Education
Zero Year means that year in a student’s academic record which may not be taken into account for purpose of Time-Bar.
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What do you mean by zero session?

Session 0 is a planning session where the gaming group collaboratively lays the groundwork for a new campaign. Often, this session involves the group deciding the game/campaign they want to play, managing expectations, establishing house rules, determining setting details, and creating characters.
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What is academic year length?


  • Academic Evaluation
  • The Academic Evaluation Report is a report of a student’s academic progress towards the completion of a specified program and specialization.
  • Academic Sanction

Academic sanction is the penalty applied to students who fail to make payment, or suitable arrangements for payment, of their University account. Students on academic sanction may not receive semester examination results or official transcripts; may not receive clearance to graduate; and/or may not be allowed to register for a subsequent semester.

  1. Academic Session
  2. See Academic Term.
  3. Academic Term

An academic term is an independent academic period of 15 weeks. Also referred to as a semester (see definition below). Academic Year An academic year is two semesters; undergraduate traditionally classified as first year (freshman), second year (sophomore), third year (junior), or fourth year (senior).

  • Add Period
  • The add period opens prior to the beginning of the semester where students are permitted to add courses for the current semester.
  • Assigned Grade
  • An assigned grade is a numerical grade based on the instructor’s recommendation and granted at the discretion of the Program Committee to students who have not completed course requirements.
  • Audit

An audit is registration in a course for which degree or diploma credit is not sought. Audited courses are not reported on the official transcript or academic record.

  1. Baccalaureate
  2. Baccalaureate refers to an undergraduate degree awarded by the University upon successful completion of the requirements of a program.
  3. Certificate (Degree Level)
  4. See Secondary Area of Study.
  5. Class Days

Class days are used to express deadlines. Class days are calculated from the start of the regular class schedule. (See Schedule of Dates). Class Level Class level is a determination of a student’s progression in an academic program by credit weights with increments of 2.50 credits.

  • Clearance to Graduate
  • Clearance to graduate denotes that an applicant for graduation has satisfied all program requirements and is recommended for graduation.
  • Cohort Year

Cohort year refers to the academic calendar year for your first admission to the university OR the calendar year for subsequent admission to a new program or readmission to the same program or a new program. Tuition fees are assessed based on this assigned year.

  1. Compassionate Grounds
  2. Compassionate grounds are reasons of a serious personal nature which, subject to the approval of a committee or authorized person, justifies a variation of the rules in the case of a particular student.
  3. Confers
  4. Grants degrees.
  5. Convocation

The ceremony at which degrees are granted. The conferral date of degrees coincides with convocation dates for semesters in which a convocation ceremony is observed.

  • Core Course
  • A core course is one which is listed in a schedule of studies in the Undergraduate Calendar and identified as being a required course for a program.
  • Corequisite
  • A corequisite is a course where the content is integrated with that of another course such that the courses must be taken simultaneously.
  • Course

A course is an organized unit of study extending over a semester, (e.g. Introductory Macroeconomics ).

  1. Course Attempt
  2. A course attempt reflects the situation where a student has completed courses either satisfactorily or unsatisfactorily.
  3. Course Equate

Equate indicates a course identical to the one under which it is listed. The course may have been re-numbered or may be cross-listed under two subject areas. Students will not be permitted to register in both equated courses. Course Level Course level denotes the seniority of a course.1000-level and 2000-level courses are considered first and second year courses.3000-level and 4000-level courses are considered senior level courses.

Course Load Course load denotes the total weight of the credits in which a student is enrolled determining part-time or full-time status. Courses taken via Letter of Permission are not used to calculate course load. Course Restriction A restriction is a “rule” that is placed on the computer system (Colleague) at the direction of an academic department so that particular students may or may not register in particular courses.

The course may be restricted because there is sufficient over-lap in content with another course so that it is inappropriate for the student to take a similar course for credit. In a different instance, the course may be restricted by “Instructor Consent” so that the student must discuss the special requirements of the course with the instructor before enrolling.

  • Course Section
  • A course section is a subgroup of a course that denotes time and location.
  • Course Selection
  • Course selection is the process by which students select course sections for the succeeding semesters.
  • Credit
  • A credit is a unit of academic measurement equivalent to a single-weighted one-semester course.
  • Credit Standing
  • Credit standing (CRD) denotes that the student has successfully completed a course, but was not assigned a numerical grade.
  • Cumulative Average
  • Cumulative Average is calculated by dividing the weighted course total by the total credit attempts over all semesters (see Weighted Course Total).
  • Degree Program
  • See Program and Baccalaureate.
  • Deferred Privilege
  • A deferred privilege (DEF) is a temporary extension of time granted at the discretion of a Program Committee to a student for completion of the requirements of a course, normally for illness or compassionate reasons.
  • Diploma (Degree-Level)
  • See Secondary Area of Study.
  • Diploma Program Calendar
  • The Diploma Program Calendar is an annual publication containing official information about Associate Diploma Programs and regulations of the University of Guelph and Ridgetown campus.
  • Drop Deadline
  • Students can drop one-semester courses from their schedule up until the last day of classes.

The deadline to drop two-semester courses is the last day of classes in the second semester. See Two-Semester Courses.

  1. Elective
  2. An elective is a course, acceptable within the program but chosen at the discretion of the student.
  3. Equate
  4. See Course Equate.
  5. Faculty Advisor
  6. See Chapter VII – Academic Advising.
  7. Grade Report

A grade report is released by the Registrar to each student at the conclusion of a semester via WebAdvisor. It notes the courses attempted and the grades assigned (if applicable).

  • Hiatus
  • See Withdrawal.
  • In-course Student
  • In-course refers to a student enrolled in a program of study at the University.
  • Mailing Address
  • The mailing address is a temporary address used for mailing if one is recorded; otherwise the home address is used.
  • Minor
  • See Secondary Area of Study.
  • New Student
  • New student refers to a student who has never before been registered at the University of Guelph.
  • Prerequisite

A prerequisite is a prior requirement for entry into a course. Where a course is specified as a prerequisite, pass standing in the course is required. Priority Access Priority Access is the process by which a department implements course restriction rules in order to limit registration in a course where enrolment demand habitually exceeds course capacity and where there is demonstrated need to restrict access to a particular cohort of students on a priority basis.

  1. Program Counsellor
  2. See Chapter VII – Academic Advising.
  3. The Program Counsellor is someone who assists students in the development of educational plans which are realistic and compatible with their life goals by helping to identify and assess alternatives and consequences of decisions, and providing interpretation of regulations applying to the specific degree program.
  4. Reading Weeks and Study Breaks
  5. Reading weeks and study breaks are designated periods where normal class schedules and academic requirements are suspended for a period of time.
  6. Registration
  7. Registration is the official enrolment of students in the University for a particular semester, and includes the selection of course sections and the payment of tuition fees and, where appropriate, other University fees.
  8. Required to Withdraw
  9. See Rustication.
  10. Restricted Elective
  11. A restricted elective is a course which must be chosen from a stated group of courses to satisfy the program requirements.
  12. Restriction
  13. See Course Restriction
  14. Rustication
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A defined period of time during which an individual is not eligible to register in their academic program as a result of an academic review decision. After the period of rustication the individual must apply for re-admission to the University of Guelph.

  • Schedule of Dates
  • A list of significant dates at the University, developed using policies approved by Senate.
  • Schedule of Studies

A schedule of studies is the requirements for specializations, majors, minors, and various levels of concentration of study within a degree program, including programs without specialization. Schedules of studies are completed within a specific degree program and must normally be declared by the start of semester 3.

Students need to be aware that progress within a program and graduation with a degree from that program depends upon a) the degree program requirements, and b) the requirements for the declared schedule of studies. Secondary Area of Study An identified set and sequence of courses, and/or other units of study, research and practice within an area of disciplinary or interdisciplinary study, which is completed on an optional basis while fulfilling the requirements for the awarding of a degree, and may be recorded on the graduate’s academic record.

The curriculum of a secondary area of study may be composed of elements of the core course offerings of a major, or may be a coherent package of courses organized around a theme, a course of study that bridges two or more disciplines, and/or a training program for a particular skill.

  1. Semester Average
  2. Semester Average is calculated by dividing the weighted course total by the total credit attempts in the semester (see Weighted Course Total).
  3. Semester Level
  4. See Class Level.
  5. Session
  6. An independent academic period within the summer semester of seven (7) weeks.
  7. Specialization
  8. For specialization see schedule of studies.
  9. Subject
  10. A subject is a defined sector of study composed of 1 or more courses within a discipline.
  11. Supplemental Privilege
  12. Supplemental privileges are granted at the discretion of the Program Committee, and in consultation with the instructor, affording a student who has received a failing grade on the original course attempt, the opportunity to obtain credit for the course while retaining the original failing grade.
  13. Transcript

A transcript is an official document prepared by the Registrar recording a student’s courses and grades. After convocation, the degree earned including the area(s) of specialization (major, minor, area of concentration, area of emphasis), graduation standing, and the conferral date are noted on the transcript.

  • Undergraduate Calendar
  • The undergraduate calendar is an annual publication containing official information about the undergraduate academic programs and regulations of the University.
  • Weekdays
  • Days of the week other than Saturday or Sunday.
  • Weighted Course Total
  • Weighted Course Total is the sum of the credit weights multiplied by the grade received in each course.
  • Withdrawal
  • Withdrawal of registration for an academic term after the start of classes.
  • Withdrawal with Failure

Withdrawal with failure may be applied to a course or an academic term. The notation “WF” will appear against the course(s) in the grade field on the official transcript. : Glossary
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What is zero hour in school?

These are classes that are offered before the actual school day begins from 7:10am-8:00am. The purpose of offering ZERO HOUR classes is to open up student’s schedules to fit more classes that a student might want to take. This is an opportunity for students to take more classes that interest them.
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How long is a session zero?

2. Scheduling – People are busy! It’s great to figure out the logistics right off the bat with the following questions.

  • How long can the group reasonably commit to playing this campaign? Sure you may want it to last for years, but start small. A few months is a good goal that won’t scare away brand new players who actually do stuff besides think about D&D.
  • How often can everyone meet? Weekly is great, but twice per month is the reality for most groups of 4 or more players.
  • How long should a session last? About 3 hours is normal, but if you only meet once a month (and if your group is up for it), consider going for those 6+ hour marathons!
  • Where will you meet, or what virtual tabletop will you use?
  • What’s the preferred day of the week and session start time? And how long will you wait for that last person to show up? This might seem like overkill, but it keeps your players accountable—not having a regularly scheduled game time is the #1 killer of D&D groups.
  • Finally, under what conditions will you cancel your game night? What do you do with the character of an absent player? I included a few suggestions for how to handle these points in the checklist because different groups have different methods. And this idea leads right into the most important section

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How do I know my academic year?

What is a calendar year and what is an academic year? A Calendar year ranges from 1 January through to 31 December. An Academic year is comprised of two Teaching Periods, January to June, and July to December. Each Teaching Period includes the main 13-week Study Period (SP) and 10-week Trimesters as well as block and/or intensive study period.
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What is the academic year of 2022?

The Directorate of Education has informed that the academic year 2022-23 for students of Class I to X and XII will begin from June 6 and will conclude on April 29, next year.
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What is the difference between academic year and year of study?

Year of study means an academic year, or the equivalent, comparable to at least 30 semester (45 quarter) hours of graduate or undergraduate credit. year of study means the total aggregate of the course units undertaken by a student within a session.
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Is zero period good?

Attending a zero period course will allow students to take another class or elective throughout the year or it will allow for upperclassmen to have a free period at some point in the year. This is extremely helpful to maintaining a short school day as well as maintaining a support period every single day.
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What does zero mean in high school?

One Destructive Course Option: Zero Period The author’s rationale for eliminating a predawn class period was to benefit student health, but his decision sparked a tempest BY GLENN W. “MAX” MCGEE / School Administrator, May 2018

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Max McGee (center), at commencement with students at Henry M. Gunn High School in Palo Alto, Calif., the school where he eliminated the add-on class period before the official start of the school day.

Despite overwhelming scientific evidence on teenagers’ need for sleep, the profound impact of sleep deprivation and an alarming rise in teen anxiety, depression and suicide, high schools continue to offer what has come to be known as “zero periods.” A zero period is a class period scheduled before the official start of the regular school day — usually starting between 7 and 7:30 a.m.

These classes are popular among ambitious students who wish to add classes to their schedule, perhaps another Advanced Placement course, an appealing elective or even a core class. They also are attractive to students who want to leave school early at the end of the day for jobs, sports or escape as well as for students who just want a free period later in the day.

So what’s the problem with this scheduling option? If kids enroll in zero period, can’t they just go to sleep earlier? Shouldn’t it be their choice to take zero period? An Arms Race As a superintendent who eliminated zero period over the vociferous objection of several students at Henry Gunn High School in Palo Alto, Calif., amidst intense community debate and discussion, I came to understand both the perceived benefits of zero period and its detrimental impact.

  1. The impact far outweighed any of the above benefits.
  2. I am a staunch supporter of student voice, interscholastic athletics and especially part-time work as a growth opportunity.
  3. However, zero period has become one more nuclear weapon in the destructive “performance arms race” in secondary school education today.

As such, it ought to be disarmed. At Gunn, one of two high schools in the Palo Alto district, students who enrolled in zero period classes already were high-achieving, yet most believed the extra AP class or additional elective would make them more appealing to top-tier colleges with their increasingly selective admissions practices.

  • Not having zero period put them at a competitive disadvantage, Gunn students argued.
  • With their school literally in the long shadow of Stanford University, the students’ high school experience was being driven by college admissions and the intense pressures they felt from parents and peers, as well as those self-imposed, to be accepted through early admission by Stanford, MIT, the Ivies, Cal Tech and the University of Chicago — or better yet, all of the above.

Students were sacrificing sleep and much more in this arms race. The “much more” was serious. The levels of depression, the hospitalizations for suicide risk and documented suicide ideation were alarming. To be sure, zero period was not the single cause but was undoubtedly one contributing factor, one more ICBM, one more warhead, one more weapon of destruction.

Visible Harm Zero period also was creating caffeine-dependent kids. Getting the least amount of sleep became an admirable mark of honor as did the creative ways of staying awake that relied on coffee and, likely for some, stimulants. Not every student managed to stay awake, however, and student survey data showed that sleep deprivation was causing students to fall asleep in class, to make some really poor choices outside of class and even to miss school.

The additional homework load also led to more cheating on homework, which in turn became the gateway to a culture of academic dishonesty. Zero period also was inherently inequitable. Buses did not operate for zero period so students needed their own transportation, a luxury not afforded to many of our less-affluent families.

  1. Moreover, free breakfast was not available prior to or following zero period so students from families that qualified for free and reduced-price meals would need to forgo breakfast.
  2. This was a choice they were not inclined to make, so zero period classes became the realm of the affluent.
  3. Zero period was one more opportunity denied to the poor who already struggled for a modicum of equitable access.

A Preservation Fight I knew all of this but still could not fathom why students supported it so strongly. They let me know. As the superintendent, I spent a lot of time at Gunn High School and knew many students. Following a suicide cluster, I met with several in large and small groups where I heard about the stress, the competition, the extraordinary pressure to achieve and excel to get into the top-tier colleges.

Students told me that, yes, their parents were the source of some pressure but often they were their own worst enemies. Admission to their top college choice, they admitted, was a driving factor and from their perspective, zero period would give them one more leg up. They spoke of having to take as many AP courses as possible, to include electives that would “look good” on college applications and to pack their resumes with activities, athletics and service work.

Thus, they needed zero period to fit all of this into their traditional six-period day. From personal conversations, focus group sessions and surveys, I also learned that the primary reason for taking zero period was to have a break during the school day.

Students complained that the traditional schedule wore them out, that they did not have an open period to complete homework, meet with a teacher or just “chill.” They were physically and mentally exhausted. My “aha” moment arrived when I realized we should both eliminate zero period and create a block schedule.

With the support of some members on the Palo Alto school board, most administrators and a few faculty and students, in a matter of six months we were able to do so, but not without consternation and courage. At the board meeting following the announcement that zero period was being eliminated, more than 20 students lined up to vent their anger, and they were joined by a handful of parents and even a couple of faculty members.

They started an online petition for reinstatement and launched protests. Offsetting the complaints, however, was solid support from pediatricians, Stanford professors and several other parents. At a board meeting, medical professionals delivered compelling testimony supporting the decision to end zero period with more than 80 signing a letter in support.

The highlight of the evening came in the wee hours following the meeting when a parent emailed: “Thank you for sticking to your decision to eliminate zero period academics. We appreciate the respect you showed the students who attended, your honest and direct response and your desire to keep the dialogue moving in a positive direction.

It’s so important for the community to see concrete action.” Positive Aftermath As a result of eliminating zero period and adopting a block schedule with four courses per day, Gunn changed for the better. A year later, students reported during focus groups they had less regular homework and were getting more sleep.

Student surveys indicated that fewer than 10 percent still had concerns about homework being manageable. Parents remarked that the school felt tangibly different — less pressured, more friendly, more supportive and more caring. Teachers were not affected and even those who initially opposed the block schedule found they could do more with longer classes and could use the longer free periods to grade, to do professional learning community work and to meet with students.

  • Gunn’s graduating seniors continued to get into the most selective colleges, to receive exceptional scores on SAT and ACT exams and to retain their ranking as the No.1 high school in California, according to Niche, a Pittsburgh-based company that generates comprehensive rankings.
  • As for after-school jobs and extracurriculars, students managed to find time for both, and more students than ever received athletic scholarships.
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The perennially challenged varsity football team even won as many games in 2017 as they had in 2013, 2014 and 2015 combined! Powerful Countermeasure Zeroing out zero period was one of the more challenging decisions I faced as superintendent in Palo Alto, but I’d consider it one of my best toward supporting student mental health and wellness.

Parents wrote: “Thank you for your fortitude in limiting/eliminating zero period and keeping the focus on the wellness of our kids.” Likewise, in their letters of support, the 93 pediatricians, psychiatrists, therapists from private practices, the Stanford School of Medicine, Lucile Packard Children’s Hospital, UCSF Hospital and elsewhere called the scheduling move a “necessary public health measure.” Their endorsement cited the American Academy of Pediatrics’ view that it is “an effective countermeasure to chronic sleep loss” and “has a wide range of potential benefits to students with regard to physical and mental health, safety, and academic achievement.” Given what they knew and what we all should know about the need for sleep, it is time for education leaders to stand up to vocal objections from various factions to eliminate zero period.

I, for one, slept well after making the decision and more importantly, so will your students. MAX MCGEE, a retired superintendent, is Midwest president of The ECRA Group in Schaumburg, Ill. Twitter: @glennmaxmcgee
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What is called zero Hour?

Midnight, or 00:00.
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What are lines and veils?

Lines and veils is a safety tool that originally appeared in the Sex and Sorcery supplement for Ron Edwards ‘ Sorcerer, Lines and veils lets players flag up content that they don’t want to appear in a game at all (lines) and content that can appear but should be handled sensitively or off-screen (veiled). Community content is available under CC-BY-SA unless otherwise noted.
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How long was the longest DND session?

The record seems to be 209 hours (= 8 days, 17 hours). According to this Reddit post, Reddit user JustOneAmongMany asked Guinness about an alleged 1985/6 record. Guinness responded on September 4, 2018 with this message: Thank you for contacting Guinness World Records.
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What is the academic year for students?

Meaning of academic year in English. the period of time each year when people attend school, college, or university, usually starting in September : He will be transferring to a new school for the next academic year. In the academic year 2019-2020, 140,000 students were enrolled at the college.
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How many months has an academic year?

Academic year start and end dates – For the majority of students, each academic year will run from 1 September to 31 August but there are 4 official start dates in each academic year with each lasting 12 months. You can find the one which applies to you based your course start date.

If your course starts between: Your academic year will run from:
1 August and 31 December 1 September to 31 August
1 January and 31 March 1 January to 31 December
1 April and 30 June 1 April to 31 March
1 July and 31 July 1 July to 30 June

Your university or college will be able to confirm your course start date if you don’t know it.
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What is one academic year?

One academic year means the total of the summer term that immediately precedes the first semester or quarter of the fall term, and the two consecutive semesters or three quarters that immediately follow that summer term. Each semester or quarter is approximately the same length.’ Sample 1.
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What month will school year 2022 2023 start?

V. GENERAL GUIDELINES – The School Year 2022-2023 shall formally start on Monday, August 22, 2022, and end on Friday, July 7, 2023. There shall be a total of 203 days or as may be determined by further issuance/s in case of changes in the school calendar due to unforeseen circumstances.

  • No inspections, tools, or any additional requirements to re-open schools and to implement 5 days in-person classes shall be required, except for the compliance with the usual pre-pandemic regulatory permits and licenses, as required by law or ordinances.
  • Classes are immediately suspended during observances of regular and special national holidays as stipulated by the law, as well as, local holidays which have been duly declared by law or Presidential Proclamation.
  • This DepEd Order (DO) shall apply regardless of the COVID-19 alert level that the Inter-Agency Task Force for the Management of Emerging Infectious Diseases or the Department of Health (DOH) may impose in the areas where schools are situated.

In the Alternative Learning System (ALS), learning intervention shall formally open on the same date, August 22, 2022. The program duration will be dependent on the learner’s educational background or existing knowledge level prior to, Private schools and state/local universities and colleges (SUCs/LUCs) offering basic education have the choice to implement or deviate from this school calendar.
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When should the academic year start?

The first term of the schooling for the 2021-22 academic year will be from July 1 to October 9 – The department of public instruction (DPI) on Friday announced that the 2021-221 academic year will begin from July 1. In a detailed circular to all the districts, the department said that the new year will begin from July 1 and all the schools have been directed to hold the admission process from June 15 to August 31.

  1. Also read: Karnataka cancels II PUC examination; SSLC exams in 3rd week of July All schools in Karnataka have been directed by the DPI to display the details of fee structure, availability of seats and other admission details on the notice board.
  2. Besides, schools have been asked to take appropriate measures for starting online classes.

The first term of the schooling for the 2021-22 academic year will be from July 1 to October 9. The second term will be held from October 21 to April 30, 2022. A total of 223 academic days have been made available to the schools during this academic year.
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Is academic year and semester the same?

A semester is a calendar that divides the academic year into 15 – 17 week terms. There are generally two semesters per academic year: Fall (beginning in August or September) and Spring (beginning in January).
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What is the meaning of zero zero hour?

1. : the hour at which a planned military operation is scheduled to start. : the time at which a usually significant or notable event is scheduled to take place.
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What does session 1 and session 2 mean?

There is no difference between session 1 and session 2 admission process. It is the same which includes filling the application form according to the criteria and sending it to the college with required supporting documents.
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What is a session 0 Reddit?

Session 0 is just about setting your game up for success, so that will look different for every table. I agree. I think this checklist is a great starting point, to be sure. As others have mentioned, it should also include safety tools.
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