What Is Yoga In Physical Education Class 12?

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What Is Yoga In Physical Education Class 12
Physical Education Class 12 Important Questions Chapter 3 Yoga and Lifestyle Physical Education Class 12 Important Questions Chapter 3 Yoga and Lifestyle is part of, Here we have given Physical Education Class 12 Important Questions Chapter 3 Yoga and Lifestyle.1 Mark Questions Question 1.

It helps to prevent acidity and ulcers by improving the digestion. It is a good meditative pose for those suffering from sciatica and severe lower back problems.

Question 4. Explain the contraindication of Hashana. Answer: In case of shoulder or neck injuries, experiencing dizziness while staring upwards and in case of any other medical concerns. Question 5. Discuss the two contraindications of Trikonasana. Answer: Two contraindications of Trikonasana are as follows

Avoid doing this if suffering from migraine, diarrhoea, low or high blood pressure. Avoid if having a problem of neck and back injuries.

Question 6. What do you understand by the Ardha Matsyendrasana? Answer: Ardha Matsyendrasana or the half spinal twist. pose is one the main asanas practised in hatha yoga. This yoga helps in stimulating the liver. It is also therapeutic for asthma and infertility etc. Question 7. Discuss any two benefits of. Paschimottasana. Answer: Two benefits of Paschimottasana are as follows

It helps to remove constipation and digestive disorder. It reduces headache, anxiety and insomnia.

Question 8. Write any two benefits of Pawanmuktasana. Answer: Two benefits of Pawanmuktasana are as follows

It helps to strengthen the back muscles and cure back pain. It cures acidity, indigestion and constipation.

Question 9. Write any two benefits of the Gomukhasana. Answer: The two benefits of Gomukhasana are as follows

It is helpful in the treatment of sciatica. It enhances the workings of the kidneys by stimulating it, thus helping those suffering from diabetes.

Question 10. State two contraindication of Tadasana. : Answer: The two contraindications of Tadasana are as follows

Avoid during insomnia. Avoid during low blood pressure.

3 Marks Questions Question 11. Explain Yoga and Asana. Answer: Yoga The term yoga is derived from the. Sanskrit word ‘Yuj’. Yoga means union of the individual consciousness or soul with the universal consciousness or spirit: Yoga is not only a physical exercise but the infinite potentials of the human mind and soul.

The science of yoga imbibes the complete essence of the way of life. Asana It refers to the position in which a person sits/stands to do yoga. Asanas are beneficial for the muscles, joints, cardiovascular system, nervous system and lymphatic system. It prevents from lifestyle diseases. It strengthens and balances the entire nervous system.

Question 12. State the benefits and contraindications of Bhujangasana in the context of diabetes. Answer: There are many benefits as well as contraindications of Bhujangasana. These are as follows Benefits

It improves blood circulation and energises the heart. It decreases menstrual irregularities in females. It strengthens muscles of chest, shoulders, arms and abdomen. It is effective in uterine disorder. It improves the function of reproductive organ. It improves the function of liver, kidney, pancreas and gall bladder. It helps to lose weight.

Contraindications

Avoid during pregnancy. People having a hernia problem and backache should not do this asana. Avoid those who are suffering from ulcer, heart problem or any surgeries like spine and brain.

Question 13. Explain the procedure of Pawanmuktasana. Answer: There are following ways to do this asana

This is done in lying position. Lie flat on the back and keep the legs straight, relax, breathe deeply and regularly. Inhale slowly and lift the legs and bend in the knees. Bring upwards to the chest till the thigh touches to stomach. Hug the knees in place and lock the fingers. Place the nose tip between the knees. Exhale slowly and come back to the original position i.e. Shavasana. This is very beneficial for stomach abs. The results are very impressive.

Question 14. Explain the procedures of Paschimottasana. Answer: There are following ways to do this asana

This is done in sitting posture. Sit on the floor with the outstretched legs. Inhale and lengthen the abdomen then lift the chest. Exhale, bend forward from the hips. Keep the shoulders open and the head up. Reach forwards and hold the big toes in a lock with the middle and index fingers. Inhale, lengthen the torso, bring the sternum forward. Exhale, bring the chest and abdomen down to the thighs and the elbows out to the sides. Stay in this position for 5 deep breaths and relax the muscles while exhaling. Focus on stretching the hamstrings rather than getting the head to the knees.

Question 15. Write detail about the benefits of Hastasana. Answer: There are some benefits of Hastasana as follows

It stretches the complete body and provides a good message to the arms, spine, upper and lower back ankles, hands, shoulders, calf muscles and thighs. It stretches the organs of the stomach and as a result, enhances the digestive system and increases the capacity of the lungs. This asana helps in enhancing the blood circulation of the body. It helps in enhancing the body postures. It helps in alleviating nervousness and melancholy along with providing a sense of achievement. It helps in tightening the abdomen and helps in easing sciatica.

Question 16. State the contraindication of Gomukhasana and Bhujangasana. Answer: There are following contraindications of Gomukhasana

Those who are suffering from shoulder, knee or back pain should avoid this. Suffering from any kind of knee injury/problem avoid this.

There are following contraindications of Bhujangasana

Avoid during pregnancy. People having a hernia problem and backache should not do this asana. Avoid those who are suffering from ulcer, heart problem or any surgeries like spine and brain.

Question 17. Discuss the procedure of Tadasana for back pain. Answer: There is the procedure of Tadasana as follows

This is a standing asana. Stand straight with the feet together. Slowly lift the toes and place them back on the floor. Pull up the kneecaps and squeeze the thighs. Inhale and lift up from the waist. Breathe and hold for 4 to 8 breaths. Exhale and drop the shoulders down.

Question 18. Explain the benefits and contraindications of Vakrasana. Answer: There are following benefits of Vakrasana

It reduces belly fat. It improves the function of both spinal cord and nervous system. It controls diabetes and strengthens kidneys. It kindles adrenal gland to function properly. It helps to control waist, back pain and chronic back pain.

Contraindications

Avoid if suffering from ulcer and enlargement of liver. Avoid suffering from severe back pain, ulcer and hernia.

5 Marks Questions Question 19. Elaborate the benefits of asanas of Sukasana, Tadasana and Shalabhasana. Answer: There are various benefits of these asanas Benefits ‘of Sukasana

It helps to make the back stronger and elongate the knees and ankles. It is beneficial for opening up of the groin, hips as well as the outer thigh muscles. It relieves from physical and mental tiredness, strengthens the state of peacefulness and eliminates worries from the person’s mind. It can relive from backache as well as pain.

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Benefits of Tadasana

It improves body posture and reduces flat feet problem. Knees, thighs and ankles become stronger. Buttocks and abdomen get toned. It helps to alleviate sciatica. It also makes the spine more agile. It helps to increase height and improve balance. It regulates digestive, nervous and respiratory systems.

Benefits of Shalabhasana

It is beneficial in spine problem. It is helpful for backache and sciatica pain. It is helpful to remove unwanted fats around the abdomen, waist, hips and thighs. It can cure cervical spondylitis and spinal cord ailments. It gives flexibility to the back muscles and spine. It can strengthen the shoulders and neck muscles.

Question 20 Explain the contraindications of Trikonasana, Ardha, Matsyendrasana and Bhujangasana. Answer: Contraindications of Trikonasana

Avoid doing this if suffering from migraine, diarrhoea, neck and back injuries. Those with high blood pressure may do this pose but without raising their hand overhead, as this may further raise the blood pressure.

Contraindications of Ardha Matsyendrasana

Avoid during pregnancy and menstruation due to the strong twist in the abdomen. People with heart, abdominal or brain surgeries should avoid this asana. Avoid those who are having peptic ulcer or hernia. Those with severe spinal problems should avoid. Those with mild slipped disc can benefit but in severe cases it should be avoided.

Contraindications of Bhujangasana

Avoid during pregnancy. People having a hernia problem and backache should not do this asana. Avoid those who are suffering from ulcer, heart problem or any surgeries like spine and brain.

Question 21. What are the procedure of Tadasana, Pawanmuktasana and Ardha Chakrasana? Answer: Procedure of Tadasana

This is a standing asana. Stand straight with the feet together.: Slowly lift the toes and place them back on the floor. Pull up the kneecaps and squeeze the thighs. Inhale and lift up from the waist. Breathe and hold for’4 to 8 breaths. Exhale and drop the shoulders down.

Procedure of Pavyanmuktasana

This is done in a lying position. Lie flat on the back and keep the legs straight, relax breathe deeply and regularly. Inhale slowly and lift the legs and bend in the knees. Bring upwards to the chest till the thigh touches to stomach. Hug the knees in place and lock the fingers. Place the nose tip between the knees. Exhale slowly and come back to the original position i.e. Shavasana. This is very beneficial for stomach abs. The results are very impressive.

Procedure of Ardha Chakras ana

This is a standing asana. Stand straight and arms alongside the body. Balance the weight equally on both feet. Breathing in, extend the arms overhead, palms facing each other. Bend backwards, push the pelvis forward, keeping the arms in line with the ears, elbows and knees straight, head up, and lifting the chest towards the ceiling. Breathing out, bring the arms down and relax.

Question 22. Elucidate the benefits and contraindication of Vakrasana and Vajrasana. Benefits of Vakrasana Answer:

It reduces belly fat. It improves the function of both the spinal cord and nervous system. It controls diabetes and strengthens kidneys. It kindles adrenal gland to function properly. It helps to control waist back pain and chronic back pain.

Contraindications of Vakrasana

Avoid if suffering from ulcer and enlargement of the liver. Avoid suffering from severe back pain, ulcer and hernia.

Benefits of Vajrasana

It enhances blood circulation. It helps to improve digestion. Food gets digested well if one sits in Vajrasana after taking meals. It relieves excessive gas trouble or pain. Nerves of legs and thighs are strengthened. It helps to make knee and ankle joints flexible. It prevents certain rheumatic diseases.

Contraindications of Vajrasana

Avoid if acute trouble or stiffness in foot, ankle and knees. Avoid during slip disc conditions.

Value-Based Question Question 23. Yoga is vital for healthy and happy life. When we do yoga postures, our body gets sufficient stretching and strain. Stretching is very important for active and healthy lifestyle. Secondly when we do yoga, the blood circulation and pulse rate maintain normal.

  • Yoga and asanas gives peace of mind.
  • That’s why yoga is important.
  • Yoga is the only form of physical exercise which brings a change in your overall personality.
  • It is not just for body to weight loss, better immune system, but it develops our personality as well (stress free, peace of mind, positive attitude).

It revitalises and re-energises both mind and body if one is committed and pursues it regularly. In a nutshell how we breathe, is necessary for life, in the same way yoga is necessary to channelise our body and mind. It enlightens our inner chakras and makes the body functioning systematically.

  • I) Why yoga is important for happy life? (ii) How did yoga help to develop our personality? Answer: (i) Yoga is the source of vital and inner energy of our body and mind.
  • It gives us peace of mind which ultimately helps to revitalise our lifestyle.
  • Ii) As we know that yoga is very much helpful for peace and to revitalise the body.

Doing yoga makes immune system strong, strong physique, stress-free etc. Therefore, it helps to develop our personality. We hope the Physical Education Class 12 Important Questions Chapter 3 Yoga and Lifestyle help you. If you have any query regarding Physical Education Class 12 Important Questions Chapter 3 Yoga and Lifestyle, drop a comment below and we will get back to you at the earliest.
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What is yoga in physical education?

– Yoga is an ancient practice that involves physical poses, concentration, and deep breathing. A regular yoga practice can promote endurance, strength, calmness, flexibility, and well-being. Yoga is now a popular form of exercise around the world. According to a 2017 national survey, one in seven adults in the United States practiced yoga in the past 12 months.
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What is yoga CBSE?

Originated in ancient India, Yoga typically means ‘union’ between the mind, body, and spirit. It involves the practice of physical postures and poses, which is also referred to as ‘asana’ in Sanskrit.
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What are the benefits of yoga class 12 physical education?

Procedure, benefits and contraindications for Trikonasana – First of all stand with your legs apart. Then raise the arm sideways up to the shoulder level. Bend the trunk sideways and raise the right hand upward. Touch the ground with left hand behind left foot.

  • After sometime, do the same asana with opposite arm in the same way.
  • Benefits a) It strengthens the legs, knees, arms and chest.
  • B) It helps in improving digestion and stimulates all body organs.
  • C) It increases mental and physical equilibrium.
  • D) It reduces stress, anxiety, back pain and sciatica.
  • E) It helps in increasing height.
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f) It helps in reducing obesity. g) It enhances blood circulation. h) It is also helpful in reducing extra fat around the waistline.
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How many types of asanas are there in yoga class 12 physical education?

Asana is one of the eight limbs of classical Yoga and states that poses should be steady and comfortable, firm yet relaxed. The yoga asanas gently encourage us to become more aware of our body, mind, and environment. The 12 basic poses or asanas are much more than just stretching.

  • They open the energy channels, chakras and psychic centers of the body while increasing flexibility of the spine, strengthening bones and stimulating the circulatory and immune systems.
  • Along with proper breathing or pranayama, asanas also calm the mind and reduce stress.
  • With regular practice one can increase overall physical and mental health and the aid in the prevention of diseases such as diabetes, hypertension and arthritis.

In time, the poses consciously becomes a mental exercise in concentration and meditation.
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What is called yoga?

What is yoga? – Yoga is a Sanskrit word translated as “yoke” or “union.” To yoke means to draw together, to bind together; or to unite. Its aim is to yoke or create a union of the body, mind, soul, and universal consciousness. This process of uniting the physical, mental, emotional, and spiritual aspects of ourselves is what allows yogis to experience deep states of freedom, peace and self-realization.

Yoga is an ancient system of physical, mental and spiritual practices that have been passed down through the generations from teacher to student. Yogic practices include breathing techniques, postures, relaxation, chanting, and other meditation methods. There are many different styles of yoga, each with their own unique focus and approach to creating a unitive state.

Its origins are traced back thousands of years to the Upanishads, a collection of yogic texts dating from roughly 800 BC to 400 AD. While the word “yoga” was first mentioned in the Rigveda, but the first time it was used with its modern meaning is in the Katha Upanishad,

  1. This ancient spiritual text was written sometime between the 5th and 3rd century BCE.
  2. The Yoga Sutras is one of the most famous text on the fundamentals of yoga and was written by Patanjali around 200 BCE.
  3. In this foundational text, he defines yoga in sutra 1.2 as: yogash chitta-vritti-nirodhah,
  4. This translates as “Yoga is the cessation of the whirling fluctuations of the mind.” This cessation of thoughts is the result of a dedicated and consistent practice of yoga,

By calming our mental chatter, this contemplative practice connects to the source of our being where we can experience the unity of our own self, as well as the unity of everything else around us.
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Why is yoga in physical education?

Yoga as P.E. – As a part of the effort to get our schools and students moving, yoga provides one way of enriching the standard Physical Education curriculum to be at once more inclusive and more relevant to students of any age. Not only does yoga build upon basic tenants of physical fitness, such as muscle strength, bone strength, and flexibility, but it does so in a way that is developmentally appropriate, accessible, and non-competitive for students of diverse capacities.
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What is yoga and its types?

Yin Yoga: – Yin yoga is a slow-paced style in which poses are held for five minutes or longer. Even though it is passive, yin yoga can be quite challenging due to the long duration holds, particularly if your body is not used to it. The purpose is to apply moderate stress to the connective tissue – the tendons, fascia and ligaments – with the aim of increasing circulation in the joints and improving flexibility.

Yoga works on the level of one’s body, mind, emotion and energy. This has given rise to four broad classifications of Yoga: karma yoga, where we use the body; bhakti yoga, where we use the emotions; gyana yoga, where we use the mind and intellect; and kriya yoga, where we use the energy. All the ancient commentaries on Yoga focus on performing the Yoga under the direction of a Guru.

The reason being that only a Guru can mix the appropriate combination of the four fundamental paths, as is necessary for each seeker. Now-a-days, millions and millions of people across the globe have been benefitted by practicing Yoga on daily basis which has been preserved and promoted by the great eminent Yoga Masters from ancient time to this date.The practice of Yoga is flourishing, and growing more vibrant every day.
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What is yoga and its benefits?

1. Yoga improves strength, balance and flexibility. – Slow movements and deep breathing increase blood flow and warm up muscles, while holding a pose can build strength. Try it: Tree Pose Balance on one foot, while holding the other foot to your calf or above the knee (but never on the knee) at a right angle. Try to focus on one spot in front of you, while you balance for one minute.
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What are the 5 major types of yoga?

Types of yoga include hatha, Iyengar, vinyasa, hot yoga, and ashtanga. For an aerobic workout, a vinyasa class might be the best to boost your heart rate. If you’re looking for a more meditative class, ashtanga focuses on mindful movement.

Yoga is a South Asian spiritual practice involving body movement, breathing exercises, and meditation. In the US, most yoga classes focus on the asana, or body movement, aspect of yoga. There are many styles of yoga, like vinyasa and ashtanga, that have evolved over time, each with its own benefits for your body and mind.
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Who named yoga?

Yoga’s history has many places of obscurity and uncertainty due to its oral transmission of sacred texts and the secretive nature of its teachings. The early writings on yoga were transcribed on fragile palm leaves that were easily damaged, destroyed or lost.

  • The development of yoga can be traced back to over 5,000 years ago, but some researchers think that yoga may be up to 10,000 years old old.
  • Yoga’s long rich history can be divided into four main periods of innovation, practice and development.
  • Pre-Classical Yoga The beginnings of Yoga were developed by the Indus-Sarasvati civilization in Northern India over 5,000 years ago.
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The word yoga was first mentioned in the oldest sacred texts, the Rig Veda. The Vedas were a collection of texts containing songs, mantras and rituals to be used by Brahmans, the Vedic priests. Yoga was slowly refined and developed by the Brahmans and Rishis (mystic seers) who documented their practices and beliefs in the upanishads, a huge work containing over 200 scriptures.

  • The most renowned of the Yogic scriptures is the Bhagavad-Gîtâ, composed around 500 B.C.E.
  • The Upanishads took the idea of ritual sacrifice from the Vedas and internalized it, teaching the sacrifice of the ego through self-knowledge, action ( karma yoga ) and wisdom (jnana yoga).
  • Classical Yoga In the pre-classical stage, yoga was a mishmash of various ideas, beliefs and techniques that often conflicted and contradicted each other.

The Classical period is defined by Patanjali’s Yoga-Sûtras, the first systematic presentation of yoga. Written some time in the second century, this text describes the path of RAJA YOGA, often called “classical yoga”. Patanjali organized the practice of yoga into an “eight limbed path” containing the steps and stages towards obtaining Samadhi or enlightenment.

Patanjali is often considered the father of yoga and his Yoga-Sûtras still strongly influence most styles of modern yoga. Post-Classical Yoga A few centuries after Patanjali, yoga masters created a system of practices designed to rejuvenate the body and prolong life. They rejected the teachings of the ancient Vedas and embraced the physical body as the means to achieve enlightenment.

They developed Tantra Yoga, with radical techniques to cleanse the body and mind to break the knots that bind us to our physical existence. This exploration of these physical-spiritual connections and body centered practices led to the creation of what we primarily think of yoga in the West: Hatha Yoga,

  • Modern Period In the late 1800s and early 1900s, yoga masters began to travel to the West, attracting attention and followers.
  • This began at the 1893 Parliament of Religions in Chicago, when Swami Vivekananda wowed the attendees with his lectures on yoga and the universality of the world’s religions.

In the 1920s and 30s, Hatha Yoga was strongly promoted in India with the work of T. Krishnamacharya, Swami Sivananda and other yogis practicing Hatha Yoga. Krishnamacharya opened the first Hatha Yoga school in Mysore in 1924 and in 1936 Sivananda founded the Divine Life Society on the banks of the holy Ganges River.

Rishnamacharya produced three students that would continue his legacy and increase the popularity of Hatha Yoga: B.K.S. Iyengar, T.K.V. Desikachar and Pattabhi Jois. Sivananda was a prolific author, writing over 200 books on yoga, and established nine ashrams and numerous yoga centers located around the world.

The importation of yoga to the West still continued at a trickle until Indra Devi opened her yoga studio in Hollywood in 1947. Since then, many more western and Indian teachers have become pioneers, popularizing hatha yoga and gaining millions of followers. Timothy Burgin is a Kripalu & Pranakriya trained yoga instructor living and teaching in Asheville, NC. Timothy has studied and taught many styles of yoga and has completed a 500-hour Advanced Pranakriya Yoga training. Timothy has been serving as the Executive Director of YogaBasics.com since 2000.

  1. He has authored two yoga books and has written over 500 articles on the practice and philosophy of yoga.
  2. Timothy is also the creator of Japa Mala Beads and has been designing and importing mala beads since 2004.
  3. Disclosure: YogaBasics.com participates in several affiliate programs.
  4. As an Amazon Associate, we earn from qualifying purchases.

When you click on external links, we may receive a small commission, which helps us keep the lights on.
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What is yoga in physical education class 11?

The term yoga is derived form a Sanskrit word ‘Yuj’ which means join or union. In fact joining the individual self with the divine or universal spirit is called yoga. It is a science of development of man’s Consciousness.
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What is physical yoga called?

4. Hatha – Hatha yoga is a generic term that refers to any type of yoga that teaches physical postures. Nearly every type of yoga class taught in the West is Hatha yoga. When a class is marketed as Hatha, it generally means that you will get a gentle introduction to the most basic yoga postures.
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What type of activity is yoga?

Yoga is considered an anaerobic exercise. It is not an aerobic exercise in the same category as walking, running, biking, or using an elliptical machine.
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What is yoga and its types?

Yin Yoga: – Yin yoga is a slow-paced style in which poses are held for five minutes or longer. Even though it is passive, yin yoga can be quite challenging due to the long duration holds, particularly if your body is not used to it. The purpose is to apply moderate stress to the connective tissue – the tendons, fascia and ligaments – with the aim of increasing circulation in the joints and improving flexibility.

  1. Yoga works on the level of one’s body, mind, emotion and energy.
  2. This has given rise to four broad classifications of Yoga: karma yoga, where we use the body; bhakti yoga, where we use the emotions; gyana yoga, where we use the mind and intellect; and kriya yoga, where we use the energy.
  3. All the ancient commentaries on Yoga focus on performing the Yoga under the direction of a Guru.

The reason being that only a Guru can mix the appropriate combination of the four fundamental paths, as is necessary for each seeker. Now-a-days, millions and millions of people across the globe have been benefitted by practicing Yoga on daily basis which has been preserved and promoted by the great eminent Yoga Masters from ancient time to this date.The practice of Yoga is flourishing, and growing more vibrant every day.
View complete answer

What is yoga class 11 physical education?

The term yoga is derived form a Sanskrit word ‘Yuj’ which means join or union. In fact joining the individual self with the divine or universal spirit is called yoga. It is a science of development of man’s Consciousness.
View complete answer

What is yoga and its benefits?

1. Yoga improves strength, balance and flexibility. – Slow movements and deep breathing increase blood flow and warm up muscles, while holding a pose can build strength. Try it: Tree Pose Balance on one foot, while holding the other foot to your calf or above the knee (but never on the knee) at a right angle. Try to focus on one spot in front of you, while you balance for one minute.
View complete answer