What Is The Function Of Education?
Learning Objectives –
- List the major functions of education.
- Explain the problems that conflict theory sees in education.
- Describe how symbolic interactionism understands education.
The major sociological perspectives on education fall nicely into the functional, conflict, and symbolic interactionist approaches (Ballantine & Hammack, 2009). Table 16.1 “Theory Snapshot” summarizes what these approaches say. Table 16.1 Theory Snapshot
|Theoretical perspective||Major assumptions|
|Functionalism||Education serves several functions for society. These include (a) socialization, (b) social integration, (c) social placement, and (d) social and cultural innovation. Latent functions include child care, the establishment of peer relationships, and lowering unemployment by keeping high school students out of the full-time labor force.|
|Conflict theory||Education promotes social inequality through the use of tracking and standardized testing and the impact of its “hidden curriculum.” Schools differ widely in their funding and learning conditions, and this type of inequality leads to learning disparities that reinforce social inequality.|
|Symbolic interactionism||This perspective focuses on social interaction in the classroom, on the playground, and in other school venues. Specific research finds that social interaction in schools affects the development of gender roles and that teachers’ expectations of pupils’ intellectual abilities affect how much pupils learn.|
- 1 What is the most important function of education?
- 2 What is the function of education in human life?
What is education and its function?
Left to right, from top: Lecture at the Faculty of Biomedical Engineering, Czech Technical University, in Prague, Czech Republic ; School children sitting in the shade of an orchard in Bamozai, near Gardez, Paktia Province, Afghanistan; Student participants in the FIRST Robotics Competition, Washington, D.C.; Early childhood education through USAID in Ziway, Ethiopia Education is a purposeful activity directed at achieving certain aims, such as transmitting knowledge or fostering skills and character traits,
These aims may include the development of understanding, rationality, kindness, and honesty, Various researchers emphasize the role of critical thinking in order to distinguish education from indoctrination, Some theorists require that education results in an improvement of the student while others prefer a value-neutral definition of the term.
In a slightly different sense, education may also refer, not to the process, but to the product of this process: the mental states and dispositions possessed by educated people. Education originated as the transmission of cultural heritage from one generation to the next.
- Today, educational goals increasingly encompass new ideas such as the liberation of learners, skills needed for modern society, empathy, and complex vocational skills,
- Types of education are commonly divided into formal, non-formal, and informal education,
- Formal education takes place in education and training institutions, is usually structured by curricular aims and objectives, and learning is typically guided by a teacher,
In most regions, formal education is compulsory up to a certain age and commonly divided into educational stages such as kindergarten, primary school and secondary school, Nonformal education occurs as addition or alternative to formal education. It may be structured according to educational arrangements, but in a more flexible manner, and usually takes place in community-based, workplace-based or civil society-based settings.
- Lastly, informal education occurs in daily life, in the family, any experience that has a formative effect on the way one thinks, feels, or acts may be considered educational, whether unintentional or intentional,
- In practice there is a continuum from the highly formalized to the highly informalized, and informal learning can occur in all three settings.
For instance, homeschooling can be classified as nonformal or informal, depending upon the structure. Regardless of setting, educational methods include teaching, training, storytelling, discussion, and directed research, The methodology of teaching is called pedagogy,
- Education is supported by a variety of different philosophies, theories and empirical research agendas,
- There are movements for education reforms, such as for improving quality and efficiency of education towards relevance in students’ lives and efficient problem solving in modern or future society at large, or for evidence-based education methodologies,
A right to education has been recognized by some governments and the United Nations, Global initiatives aim at achieving the Sustainable Development Goal 4, which promotes quality education for all.
View complete answer
What is the most important function of education?
The Functions of Education – Functional theory stresses the functions that education serves in fulfilling a society’s various needs. Perhaps the most important function of education is socialization, If children are to learn the norms, values, and skills they need to function in society, then education is a primary vehicle for such learning.
Schools teach the three Rs (reading, ‘riting, ‘rithmetic), as we all know, but they also teach many of the society’s norms and values. In the United States, these norms and values include respect for authority, patriotism (remember the Pledge of Allegiance?), punctuality, and competition (for grades and sports victories).
A second function of education is social integration, For a society to work, functionalists say, people must subscribe to a common set of beliefs and values. As we saw, the development of such common views was a goal of the system of free, compulsory education that developed in the nineteenth century.
Thousands of immigrant children in the United States today are learning English, US history, and other subjects that help prepare them for the workforce and integrate them into American life. A third function of education is social placement, Beginning in grade school, students are identified by teachers and other school officials either as bright and motivated or as less bright and even educationally challenged.
Depending on how they are identified, children are taught at the level that is thought to suit them best. In this way, they are presumably prepared for their later station in life. Whether this process works as well as it should is an important issue, and we explore it further when we discuss school tracking later in this chapter.
- Social and cultural innovation is a fourth function of education.
- Our scientists cannot make important scientific discoveries and our artists and thinkers cannot come up with great works of art, poetry, and prose unless they have first been educated in the many subjects they need to know for their chosen path.
Figure 11.6 The Functions of Education Schools ideally perform many important functions in modern society. These include socialization, social integration, social placement, and social and cultural innovation. Education also involves several latent functions, functions that are by-products of going to school and receiving an education rather than a direct effect of the education itself.
One of these is child care : Once a child starts kindergarten and then first grade, for several hours a day the child is taken care of for free. The establishment of peer relationships is another latent function of schooling. Most of us met many of our friends while we were in school at whatever grade level, and some of those friendships endure the rest of our lives.
A final latent function of education is that it keeps millions of high school students out of the full-time labor force, This fact keeps the unemployment rate lower than it would be if they were in the labor force. Because education serves so many manifest and latent functions for society, problems in schooling ultimately harm society.
View complete answer
What is the function of education in human life?
Educated person has a better understanding of society – Proper education improves people’s understanding of the world around them, making them less susceptible to the influence of others. Proper interpretation of information requires education, as it improves knowledge.
An educated person better understands their own and others’ purpose in society, and their rights. This leads to a better understanding of people, fewer conflicts and more tolerance for differences. Educated persons are harder to manipulate, which is conducive to the development of a more responsible society with fewer conflicts.
All this creates an environment where social justice can thrive, which entails:
Equal rights Equal opportunity Equal treatment
Education in society helps people to be more active in their struggle for a better quality of life. As the citizens’ understanding of the world around them grows, the entire society strives towards more efficient solutions to problems and the advancement of everyday life.
View complete answer
What is education function essay?
Education certainly determines the quality of an individual’s life. Education improves one’s knowledge, skills and develops the personality and attitude. Most noteworthy, Education affects the chances of employment for people. A highly educated individual is probably very likely to get a good job.
View complete answer
What are the 6 function of education?
Six Manifest Functions Of Education There are six manifest functions of education namely socialization, social control, social placement, transmitting culture, promoting social and political integration and as an agent of change (Javier et al, 2002).
Education also serves as an agent of social control. Schools teach us certain values such as, obedience, discipline, perseverance, respect and punctuality. Schools also teach us conformity; it encourages us to be good and to be a law abiding citizen. Education also serves s an agent in transmitting culture.
As an educational institution, schools perform conservable function in order to transmit the dominant culture. In going to school, the young generation is exposed to the belief, norms and values that had long been exist on a particular culture. Education also serves as an agent of change.
- Educational institution promotes social change, serving as meeting ground where the society’s distinctive belief as well as tradition is shared; thus, education stimulates and bring about desired social change in society.
- Education is one of the agents of socialization.
- In every one’s school years, he or she socialized as what the school institution urges to do.
In the primary and secondary school years, the students are taught about specific subject natters that are appropriate to the student’s age, level of skills, as well as their previous education experience. In the college years, more detailed knowledge of subjects are being focused with students; these are the subjects that they have previously studied while they are exposed into new areas of studies and research.
From the kindergarten up to college, the school institution teaches the students about their roles as students, about specific academic subjects and about political socialization. Education also serves as an agent of social placement.Schools identify the most qualified people that are suited for the particular positions in society Education also serves to promote social and political integration.
Educational institutions transfer the population that is composed of diverse ethnic and religious groups into a kind of society with people sharing at least a common identity. : Six Manifest Functions Of Education
View complete answer
What is education defination?
Education | Definition, Development, History, Types, & Facts Education refers to the discipline that is concerned with methods of and in schools or school-like environments, as opposed to various nonformal and informal means of, Beginning approximately at the end of the 7th or during the 6th century, became the first city-state in ancient Greece to renounce education that was oriented toward the future duties of soldiers.
- The evolution of Athenian education reflected that of the city itself, which was moving toward increasing democratization.
- Research has found that education is the strongest determinant of individuals’ occupational status and chances of success in adult life.
- However, the correlation between family socioeconomic status and school success or failure appears to have increased worldwide.
Long-term trends suggest that as societies industrialize and modernize, becomes increasingly important in determining educational outcomes and occupational attainment. Alternative forms of education have developed since the late 20th century, such as,, and many parallel or supplementary systems of education often designated as “nonformal” and “popular.” Religious institutions also instruct the young and old alike in sacred knowledge as well as in the values and skills required for participation in local, national, and transnational societies.
School vouchers have been a hotly debated topic in the United States. Some parents of voucher recipients reported high levels of satisfaction, and studies have found increased voucher student graduation rates. Some studies have found, however, that students using vouchers to attend private schools instead of public ones did not show significantly higher levels of academic achievement.
education, that is concerned with methods of and in schools or school-like as opposed to various nonformal and informal means of (e.g., rural development projects and education through parent-child relationships). Education can be thought of as the transmission of the values and accumulated knowledge of a society.
In this sense, it is equivalent to what social scientists term or enculturation. Children—whether conceived among tribespeople, the Florentines, or the middle classes of Manhattan—are born without, Education is designed to guide them in learning a, molding their behaviour in the ways of, and directing them toward their eventual role in society.
In the most primitive, there is often little formal learning—little of what one would ordinarily call school or classes or, Instead, the entire and all activities are frequently viewed as school and classes, and many or all adults act as teachers. As societies grow more complex, however, the quantity of knowledge to be passed on from one generation to the next becomes more than any one person can know, and, hence, there must evolve more selective and efficient means of cultural transmission.
- The outcome is formal education—the school and the specialist called the teacher.
- As society becomes ever more complex and schools become ever more institutionalized, educational experience becomes less directly related to daily life, less a matter of showing and learning in the of the workaday world, and more abstracted from practice, more a matter of distilling, telling, and learning things out of context.
This concentration of learning in a formal atmosphere allows children to learn far more of their culture than they are able to do by merely observing and imitating. As society gradually attaches more and more importance to education, it also tries to formulate the overall objectives, content, organization, and strategies of education.
Literature becomes laden with advice on the rearing of the younger generation. In short, there develop philosophies and theories of education. This article discusses the history of education, tracing the evolution of the formal teaching of knowledge and skills from prehistoric and ancient times to the present, and considering the various philosophies that have inspired the resulting systems.
functions of education
Other aspects of education are treated in a number of articles. For a of education as a discipline, including educational organization, teaching methods, and the functions and training of teachers, see ; ; and, For a description of education in various specialized fields, see ; ; ;,
For an analysis of educational philosophy, see, For an examination of some of the more important aids in education and the dissemination of knowledge, see ; ; ; ; ;, Some restrictions on educational freedom are discussed in, For an analysis of pupil attributes, see ; ;, The term education can be applied to primitive cultures only in the sense of, which is the process of cultural transmission.
A primitive person, whose culture is the totality of his universe, has a relatively fixed sense of cultural and timelessness. The model of life is relatively static and absolute, and it is transmitted from one generation to another with little deviation.
As for prehistoric education, it can only be inferred from educational practices in surviving primitive cultures. The purpose of primitive education is thus to guide children to becoming good members of their or band. There is a marked emphasis upon training for, because primitive people are highly concerned with the growth of individuals as tribal members and the thorough comprehension of their way of life during passage from prepuberty to postpuberty.
Get a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content. Because of the variety in the countless thousands of primitive cultures, it is difficult to describe any standard and uniform characteristics of prepuberty education. Nevertheless, certain things are practiced commonly within cultures.
- Children actually participate in the social processes of adult activities, and their participatory learning is based upon what the American anthropologist called, identification, and,
- Primitive children, before reaching puberty, learn by doing and observing basic technical practices.
- Their teachers are not strangers but rather their immediate,
In contrast to the spontaneous and rather unregulated imitations in prepuberty education, postpuberty education in some cultures is strictly standardized and regulated. The teaching personnel may consist of fully initiated men, often unknown to the initiate though they are his relatives in other clans.
- The may begin with the initiate being abruptly separated from his familial group and sent to a secluded camp where he joins other initiates.
- The purpose of this separation is to deflect the initiate’s deep attachment away from his and to establish his emotional and social anchorage in the wider web of his culture.
The initiation “curriculum” does not usually include practical subjects. Instead, it consists of a whole set of cultural values, tribal religion,, philosophy, history, rituals, and other knowledge. Primitive people in some cultures regard the body of knowledge the initiation curriculum as most essential to their tribal membership.
View complete answer
What is the real definition of education?
What is the real definition of education? As per Albert Einstein’s educational philosophy, education is not about learning facts, but training the mind for thinking about ideas, It is what remains after one has forgotten what he has learned in school.
The ideal purpose of education should be to create the capacity of integrated learning and an ability to use the knowledge intelligently. If we talk about the bigger picture, education works as a catalyst in reducing poverty, improving health, providing employment, eliminating gender inequality, and overall creating a sustainable planet.
Along with skill development, education also helps in inculcating human values. Though the million-dollar question is – Are schools enough to bring the ideal purpose into reality? As students, as parents, as educators, do we strongly feel so? Educational Psychology is vital in today’s complex education system as this branch designs new methods of learning for students (Sir Johann Herbart is the father of this field).
View complete answer