What Is The Education System In America?


What Is The Education System In America
Elementary and Secondary (K-12) Education Elementary School: Runs for 6-7 years starting in Kindergarten through to Grade 5 or 6. Middle School: Runs for 2-3 years starting in Grade 6 or 7 through to Grade 8. High School: Runs for 4 years starting in Grade 9 through to Grade 12.
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How is the education system in USA?

Education in United States of America

National education budget (2016–17)
Budget $1.3 trillion (7.2% of GDP) (public and private, all levels)
Per student more than $11,000 (2005)
General details
Primary languages American English
System type Federal, state, private
Literacy (2003 est.)
Total 99%
Male 99%
Female 99%
Enrollment (2020 )
Total 49.4 million
Primary 34.1 million 1
Secondary 15.3 million 2
Post secondary 19 million 3
Secondary diploma 91% (among 25-64 year-olds, 2018)
Post-secondary diploma 46.4% (among 25-64 year-olds, 2017)
1 Includes kindergarten 2 Includes middle school and high school 3 Includes graduate school

Education in the United States is provided in public and private schools and by individuals through homeschooling, State governments set overall educational standards, often mandate standardized tests for K–12 public school systems and supervise, usually through a board of regents, state colleges, and universities.

The bulk of the $1.3 trillion in funding comes from state and local governments, with federal funding accounting for about $260 billion in 2021 compared to around $200 billion in past years. Private schools are free to determine their own curriculum and staffing policies, with voluntary accreditation available through independent regional accreditation authorities, although some state regulation can apply.

In 2013, about 87% of school-age children (those below higher education ) attended state-funded public schools, about 10% attended tuition and foundation-funded private schools, and roughly 3% were home-schooled. By state law, education is compulsory over an age range starting between five and eight and ending somewhere between ages sixteen and eighteen, depending on the state.

This requirement can be satisfied in public or state-certified private schools, or an approved home school program. Compulsory education is divided into three levels: elementary school, middle or junior high school, and high school, Numerous publicly and privately administered colleges and universities offer a wide variety in post-secondary education.

Post-secondary education is divided into college, as the first tertiary degree, and graduate school. Higher education includes public research universities, private liberal arts colleges, historically black colleges and universities, community colleges, for-profit colleges, and many other kinds and combinations of institutions.

College enrollment rates in the United States have increased over the long term. At the same time, student loan debt has also risen to $1.5 trillion. According to a 2016 report published by the U.S. News & World Report, of the top ten colleges and universities in the world, eight are American. The United States spends more per student on education than any other country.

In 2014, the Economist Intelligence Unit rated U.S. education as 14th best in the world. The Programme for International Student Assessment coordinated by the OECD currently ranks the overall knowledge and skills of American 15-year-olds as 31st in the world in reading literacy, mathematics, and science with the average American student scoring 487.7, compared with the OECD average of 493.

  1. In 2014, the country spent 6.2% of its GDP on all levels of education—1.0 percentage points above the OECD average of 5.2%.
  2. In 2017, 46.4% of Americans aged 25 to 64 attained some form of post-secondary education.48% of Americans aged 25 to 34 attained some form of tertiary education, about 4% above the OECD average of 44%.35% of Americans aged 25 and over have achieved a bachelor’s degree or higher.

The United States ranks 3rd from the bottom among OECD nations in terms of its poverty gap and 4th from the bottom in terms of poverty rate.
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Does USA have a good education system?

The education system in US is considered the superior system in the world. This is because they offer a rich and wide range of choices for international students. The most enticing attribute of the US education system is its versatility.
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What is 12th grade called in USA?

United States – The twelfth grade is the twelfth school year after kindergarten, It is also the last year of compulsory secondary education, or high school, Students are often 17–18 years old. Twelfth graders are referred to as Seniors, Many students consider the twelfth grade, also known as the senior year of high school, a year to relax and prepare for the transition out of their old lives into college/university or the workplace.

Others take advantage of the opportunity to complete additional higher-level courses, such as Advanced Placement and International Baccalaureate, to earn credits for college/university. Math courses normally include Precalculus, Trigonometry, Advanced Placement Calculus, Advanced Placement Statistics, or Probability,

Science courses include Advanced Placement Chemistry, Advanced Placement Biology, Advanced Placement Environmental Science, or Advanced Placement Physics B, Advanced Placement Physics C: Mechanics, or Advanced Placement Physics C: Electricity and Magnetism,

Social Studies courses include Government, Economics, Advanced Placement United States Government and Politics, Advanced Placement Comparative Government and Politics, Advanced Placement Psychology, Advanced Placement European History, Advanced Placement United States History, Advanced Placement Microeconomics, or Advanced Placement Macroeconomics,

English classes include Advanced Placement English Literature and Composition, Film and Literature, Sports and Literature, or Contemporary Literature. Popular works studied include Beowulf, The Canterbury Tales, Pygmalion, The Handmaid’s Tale, Frankenstein, Othello, Inferno, Goethe’s Faust, Hamlet, and Brave New World, as well as works of Romantic poets such as Edgar Allan Poe, John Keats, William Wordsworth, and Emily Dickinson,

Art classes include Advanced Placement Art History, Advanced Placement Studio Art, Advanced Placement Music Theory, Applied art in Theatre, Music Theory For Garage Band Musicians, IB Musical Analysis, IB Theatre Arts, Advanced Technical Theatre, Advanced Photography, Advanced Ceramics, Fashion Design and Illustration, Theatre Dance, Jazz Dance, IB Dance Studies Madrigal Singers, Jazz Singers, or Wind Ensemble,

Technology classes include Advanced Placement Computer Science, Java, Advanced Web Design, and C++ Programming. Business classes include College Marketing, College Entrepreneurship, Sports and Entertainment Marketing, College Preparatory Interview Classes, and Advanced Fundamentals in Business.
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How US education system is the best?

What Is The Education System In America Many families all over the world aspire to and strive for an American education for their children. That’s because American schools are well known for providing high-quality education through a balanced, tried-and-tested curriculum. The US education system is informed by cutting-edge research, which helps develop students into critical thinkers with well-rounded social-emotional skills.

Generally speaking, American education combines facts, figures, and data with an open-ended, problem-solving-based curriculum that involves collaboration, trial-and-error methodologies and risk-taking. And it opens up students to unlimited opportunities, not only in the US but also globally. Sending your child to an American school means they’ll learn the skills and confidence necessary to enter schools, colleges, and universities in the United States or anywhere else in the world.

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But how can you know if American education is right for your child? In this post, we’ll answer some questions about the American education system, including:

  1. How is the American education system structured?
  2. What are the goals and outcomes of American schooling?
    • Balanced approach to literacy
    • Everyday Math skills
    • Practical and authentic learning
    • Character development program
  3. Why should you consider an American education for your child?

Read on to learn more, or click on the links above to skip to each section.
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Which country is number 1 in education?

Today, there are many sources that analyse and evaluate the performance of education systems around the world. And while higher education and universities are often under the brightest spotlight, with sources such as Times Higher Education´s World University Rankings and QS Top Universities bringing out related data each year, we are up to the challenge of expanding that focus.

  1. In this article, we would like to present you with a ranking of the ten best education systems, worldwide, based on information provided by U.S.
  2. News & World Report.
  3. Through a combination of scores based on the level of development of a public education system, the people´s willingness to attend university and the opportunity to receive top-quality tuition, the team behind the list below managed to rank a set of countries from Australia, Europe and North America,

To make things more interesting, we have included a comparison of the latest 2020 results with the previous from 2019, with the sole aim of determining some differences while searching for explanations:

Top 10 Best Countries for Education
2020 2019
1. The United States The United Kingdom
2. The United Kingdom The United States
3. Canada Canada
4. Germany Germany
5. France France
6. Switzerland Australia
7. Australia Switzerland
8. Sweden Sweden
9. The Netherlands Japan
10. Denmark The Netherlands

according to data from U.S. News & World Report Right at the top, we can see that the US has passed the UK to claim the top position, highlighting a trend that we commented on in our recently updated article Best universities in Europe 2020. Affected by a difficult political situation, several higher education institutions from the United Kingdom suffered from a drop in their latest rankings this year.

  1. However, while we never mentioned anything about the United States in that text due to the European focus, here we can say that even more American universities saw their ranks going in the wrong direction for similar reasons, and in both cases following a reduced number of international students.
  2. Perhaps, the fact that the results from the table above are based on education systems as a whole has helped the USA with reaching pole position, while for number three, four and five no surprises seem to have come up.

Immediately after that, we witness an overtake from Switzerland followed by a rank-up by the Netherlands, Japan´s exit from the 2020 list and the arrival of Denmark. In the area of higher education, the strong presence of European destinations – with the total rising to seven countries this year, can be explained with the current opportunities offered by their public systems.

In Denmark, Germany and Sweden you can study a variety of programmes, including many in English, free of charge, given that you are coming from the EU, EEA or Switzerland, or any other third country at German state universities! There is often a student union fee applied, however, that can be best described to minor when opposed to tuition fee – usually coming with the benefit of accounting for different discounts.

Furthermore, higher education institutions in Europe take up excellent ranking positions, globally. A fact which is also confirmed by the two respected sources we mentioned in the introduction, Times Higher Education´s World University Rankings and QS Top Universities.

  • Notably, the former lists six of the seven European countries starring in this article in the elite group of the Top 60 of the world, with only Denmark missing out a place.
  • Even more, each country is also represented by one or more public universities! And before you start thinking that Australia, Canada and the United States have not received the attention they deserve, here is some food for thought regarding, once again, their respective higher education systems.

From last to first, the US is home to the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, or MIT, which has now been holding the #1 spot for the eighth time in a row in the rankings of QS Top Universities. Despite the on-going difficult political situation, the United States of America has actually constantly remained a strong competitor within the global top.

  • Recently, Canada, by contrast, had representatives advance a few positions according to THE´s World University Rankings, with a total of 30 listed universities, including the best performing University of Toronto ranked #18.
  • Finally, Australia registered increasing levels of internationality as stated by QS, with five Australian higher education institutions holding excellent positions in the Top 50 for 2020.

As a conclusion, it would be interesting to see whether any changes take place in 2021 in the top ten countries with the best education systems in the world – mostly related to the expansion of competitors from Asia, mostly Mainland China, and also South America with Brazil.P.S.
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How long is a school day in America?

Average number of hours in the school day and average number of days in the school year for public schools, by state: 2007–08
State Average number of hours in the school day Average number of days in the school year
United States 6.64 180
Alabama 7.03 180
Alaska 6.48 180

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Is education in the US free?

Public school is free in the United States The city, state, or federal government fund public schools so you do not have to pay. Education law says everyone has a right to free education.
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What age do Americans go to college?

What is the difference between a College and a University? This confuses me because the words seem to mean very different things in my home country. – Answer: In the United States, the word “school” describes any place where people learn. You can call a college a “school.” You can even call a university a “school.” You can use the word “school” for any English language institute, undergraduate or graduate program, or secondary (“high”) school. U.S. university or college follows after high school or secondary school. A college in the U.S.A. is not a high school or secondary school. College and university programs begin in the thirteenth year of school when a student is 17 or 18 years old or older.
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What age do Americans finish school?

What are the U.S. education levels? In the United States, public school usually starts between age 4 and 6 and continues until around age 17 to 18. You can also send your children to pre-school at an earlier age. Learn about the different,, and for students new to the USA. What Is The Education System In America In the United States, the law requires all children to go to school. Elementary, middle, and high school are all free if your child attends, The ages of the students for each grade can,
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How long is college in America?

Undergraduate studies – Following high school, students can choose to study a bachelor’s (or “undergraduate”) degree at a college or university. Find a bachelor’s degree, Bachelor’s degrees in the USA typically take 4 years to complete. The first 2 years include common required courses, such as math, history, literature, and communications.
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Who is #1 in education in the US?

Education Rankings

Rank State Pre-K-12
1 New Jersey New Jersey 1
2 Massachusetts Massachusetts 2
3 Florida Florida 16
4 Washington Washington 11

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What is the biggest problem with the U.S. education system?

The Failure of American Public Education | John Hood Many American critics believe that the major problem with public education today is a lack of focus on results. Students aren’t expected to meet high standards, the argument goes, and the process of education takes precedence over analyzing education results in policy-making circles.

This is a valid argument (as far as it goes). Indeed, it can be taken one important step further. We not only fail to hold individual students accountable for poor performance, we have also failed to hold the entire government-controlled school system accountable for its performance since at least World War II.

Public education is itself a failure. Why shouldn’t individual students follow its example? The history of reform efforts in American public education is replete with half-hearted measures, with almost comical misdiagnoses of education problems, with blame-shifting, and with humbug.

Everyone is an expert (most have, of course, suffered through the very system they want to reform). At any one time during the course of school reform, an illusion of debate often obscures a surprising consensus on the heralded “magic bullet” of the decade—be it school centralization or progressive education or preschool education or computerizing the classroom—that will solve America’s education problems.

These magic bullets always misfire. But instead of changing their weapon, policy-makers simply put another round in the chamber, foolishly believing that the newest fad will succeed despite the failures of its predecessors. Some critics believe that public education reforms fail because they are compromised or sabotaged by the education lobbies—teacher associations, administrators, and the legislators in their pockets.

  1. There is certainly some truth to that explanation, as we shall see.
  2. But in many cases, attributing the failure of reform to subversion merely exonerates that reform.
  3. Most reform ideas are either irrelevant or destructive of education.
  4. They would fail whether organized political interests opposed them or not.

Many conservatives believe that American public education is in poor shape today because of cultural and social trends, most beginning in the 1960s, which destroyed classroom discipline, the moral basis for education, and a national consensus on what students should learn.

Again, there is some truth in this proposition, but ultimately it fails to explain why American students do not possess the communication and computational skills they need today to succeed in college or in the working world. Furthermore, many free-market thinkers believe that applying market competition to the will solve many of America’s educational problems.

I’m sympathetic to this argument, but it ignores the role of government policies other than student assignment to schools, which inhibit school success. When government policy continues to impose rigid personnel rules, bureaucracy, regulations, and a mandate to use education to engineer social or political outcomes, a school cannot successfully impart the needed skills, knowledge, and perspective to its students—whether these students choose to be there or not.

  • Lastly, the rhetoric of school reform often ignores the crucial role of individual decisions (by students, by parents, by business owners, by educators) in determining educational outcomes.
  • You can lead a horse to water, the old adage goes, but you can’t make him drink.
  • It’s a folksy way of imparting an important individualist truth.

Providing students opportunities at school does not guarantee success if students watch television rather than do their homework—and parents let them. By assuming that any set of reform ideas can magically create a well-educated citizenry, we oversell the role of policy-making.
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Why USA is better than other countries for study?

Inherit the Prestige of an American Degree – The US is still the best choice for international students and this is largely because of the prestige of having a US-certified university degree. Higher study programs in the US are known for their exceptional standard of quality in terms of learning experiences, intellectual rigor, and innovative practices.
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Which country has best students?

Top 20 Countries with Best Education System in the World

Rank Country Quality Index
1 United Kingdom 78.2
2 United States 72
3 Australia 70.5
4 Netherlands 70.3

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How long is summer break in America?

Summer vacation or summer break is a school break in summer between school years and the break in the school academic year. Students are off anywhere between three weeks to three months. Depending on the country and district, staff might be partially or fully excluded.

  • In the United States, summer break is approximately two and a half months, with students typically finishing the school year between late-May and mid-June and starting the new year between late-August and early-September.
  • About 4 percent of public schools in the U.S.
  • Use a balanced calendar that operates year-round with a shorter summer break.

In Spain, Portugal, the Republic of Ireland, Italy, Greece, Georgia, Lithuania, Latvia, Lebanon, Romania and Russia, the summer break is normally three months, compared to three to six weeks (sometimes 3 months) in Australia, Brazil, the United Kingdom, Pakistan, Bangladesh, India, Denmark, the Netherlands, Slovakia and Germany,
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What grade is a 17 year old in USA?

Year / Grade Placement

Age UK Years US/International Grades
14 – 15 Year 10 9th Grade (Freshman)
15 – 16 Year 11 10th Grade (Sophomore)
16 – 17 Year 12 / Lower 6th 11th Grade (Junior)
17 – 18 Year 13 / Upper 6th 12th Grade (Senior)

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Why do Americans go to school so early?

The school bus problem – Why do American high schools generally start so early? One large part of the answer: school buses. A lot of school districts re-use the same buses to pick up students from different schools: first the high schoolers, then the middle schoolers, and finally the elementary schoolers.

  • In South Carolina, the order is generally reversed, which is why it is among the “latest” states on this map.
  • Early school starts are not the only cause of teenage drowsiness, but they are a crucial factor — especially because natural sleep cycles make it difficult for post-puberty teenagers to fall asleep before 11 pm.

A poll by the National Sleep Foundation found that 59 percent of 6th through 8th graders and 87 percent of high school students got less than the recommended amount of sleep (8.5 to 9.5 hours) on school nights. In the words of America’s leading soporific publication Sleep Review, the average American adolescent is “chronically sleep-deprived and pathologically sleepy”.

Adolescents with sleep debt and/or disrupted sleep-wake cycles may suffer from poor judgment, lack of motivation, and overall reduced alertness, leading to poor academic performance.There is a bidirectional relationship between sleep disturbances and mood disorders, especially depression.Irregular and insufficient sleep in high school students has been found to predict certain types of risky behavior such as drunk driving, smoking, taking drugs, and delinquency.Adolescents with insufficient sleep have an increased risk of suicidal ideation.Several studies found links between sleep deprivation and obesity. One study estimates that for each hour of sleep lost (over a long period of time), the odds of being obese increased by 80 percent.Sleep deprivation leads to metabolic perturbations that increase the risk of type 2 diabetes.Sleepiness increases the risk of traffic accidents. Young people are particularly affected. A 1995 study found that 55 percent of crashes due to drowsiness were caused by drivers 25 years or younger.

Because of all those reasons, not just the AAP but also the CDC recommends later school start times and urges parents to advocate for them. Fortunately, this has met some success. In 2019, California Governor Gavin Newsom signed into law Bill 328, which requires middle schools to begin no earlier than 8:00 am and high schools no earlier than 8:30 am.

  1. It will go into effect in 2022.
  2. If the measure proves successful, other states may consider similar moves.
  3. And there is some evidence that starting school later is beneficial.
  4. Around 400 school districts around the country have already moved their start time to 8:30 or later, often resulting in dramatically improved test scores, attendance rates, and graduation rates.

(One Texas school district reported an 11 percent increase in its graduation rate.) Subscribe for counterintuitive, surprising, and impactful stories delivered to your inbox every Thursday The map by u/1ew is found here on the Data is Beautiful subreddit. Strange Maps #1103 Got a strange map? Let me know at, Follow Strange Maps on Twitter and Facebook,
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Which education system is better India or USA?

US education system: Levels – In India, successive educational programs are primary, secondary, higher-secondary, graduation (Bachelor’s degree), master’s, and doctoral studies. In contrast, the various levels of the US education system include elementary school, middle school, high school, and then higher education.
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Is school in America easy?

Exchange students view US high schools as sports-obsessed and not very challenging WASHINGTON (AP) — Easier classes, less homework and lots of sports — this is how American high schools are viewed by students from other countries studying in the U.S. Easier classes, less homework and lots of sports — this is how American high schools are viewed by students from other countries studying in the US. Despite a push in recent years to make the US education system more competitive and effective, foreign exchange students continue to view American high school experience as much less stimulating, according to a study published Wednesday.

You get this feeling — the kids from abroad come here, they spend a year, they think that school is easier here,” said Tom Loveless, a fellow with the Brown Center on Education Policy with the Brookings Institutions. “We think we have made great strides in making our schools more challenging, here is at least one outside group that is in fact saying they are not terribly challenging.” While the findings appear to corroborate international student assessment tests, in which American schools trail behind many developed countries, some experts disputed the methodology and the underlying principles of Loveless’ study, saying that foreign exchange students did not represent typical teenagers in their home countries and that the focus on sports wasn’t necessarily a bad thing.

In the survey conducted last spring, 259 teenagers from various countries compared their experience in American schools to that in their home countries. All the students were in the US as part of the AFS Intercultural Programs, an international youth exchange organization.

Forty-four percent of respondents said US students spend “much less” time on schoolwork than at their home countries, while 21% thought they spend “a little less.” Asked how difficult their classes are in the US, 66% said they are “much easier” and 24% said “a little easier.” The results were similar compared to a similar study Loveless conducted in 2001, but the differences were more pronounced.

Asked about the importance of sports for US students, 64% of respondents said it is “much more” important to do well in sports in the US and 23% said “a little more” important. By contrast, 16% said the focus on math was “much less” in America and 32% said it was “a little less,” while 40% believed it was the same as in their home countries.

  1. Finally, 53% of respondents felt it is “much less” important to US teens to study a second language and 27% said it was “a little less” so.
  2. So the kids are saying, in terms of my peer groups in my home country, our peer culture rewards success at math more than it does in the US and it does not reward sports so much,” Loveless said.

But Jack Buckley, senior vice president for research and evaluation at American Institutes for Research, said that the methodology for Loveless’ study does not make sense. “It’s unlikely that foreign exchange students are a particularly representative sample of their home countries,” Buckley said, adding that such students are likely more ambitious, come from wealthier families and thus attend better schools.

AFS said that its one-year program in the US can cost up to $16,000, though some students get scholarships. Buckley also noted that American high schools can be drastically different from one another. He cited an international student achievement study called PISA which last year ranked the US 25th out of 50 participating countries, below Canada, Britain and Poland.

While the average math score for the entire country was 470, the wealthiest schools scored 530, similar to Japan and Finland, while the poorest schools scored 427, on par with Chile and United Arab Emirates. “Anybody who tells you they generalize about American high schools by just looking at ratings and a few numbers is underestimating the variability in American education,” Buckley said.

Martin Carnoy, professor at the Graduate School of Education at Stanford University, said that while some parents abroad like their kids to concentrate solely on homework, in the American culture many parents believe that playing sports makes one a well-rounded person and teaches them important social skills such as teamwork and perseverance.

Also, it makes them feel good. “We do put more emphasis on sports, we do put more emphasis on other activities, it’s fun!” Carnoy said. “You are a teenager, have a good time, the rest of life is going to be hard. I don’t know If it’s such a condemnation of our school system.

It depends what you want.” Abdalla Fadhili Abdalla, 16, an exchange student from Kenya agreed with Loveless’ findings, saying he found his US high school to be less demanding than at home — the days are shorter, there are fewer subjects and less homework. “School is easier here and harder in Kenya, I have a lot of homework in Kenya,” Abdalla said.

At the same time, he enjoys weightlifting at his Maryland high school, saying: “I think it’s kind of good to combine sports and studies.” : Exchange students view US high schools as sports-obsessed and not very challenging
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What grade is a 17 year old in USA?

Year / Grade Placement

Age UK Years US/International Grades
14 – 15 Year 10 9th Grade (Freshman)
15 – 16 Year 11 10th Grade (Sophomore)
16 – 17 Year 12 / Lower 6th 11th Grade (Junior)
17 – 18 Year 13 / Upper 6th 12th Grade (Senior)

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Which country has the best education system in America?

Table of Content

Rank Country Quality Index
1 United States 78.2
2 United Kingdom 72
3 Australia 70.5
4 Netherlands 70.3

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