What Is The Aim Of Research In Education?

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What Is The Aim Of Research In Education
What is Educational Research? – Educational research is a type of systematic investigation that applies empirical methods to solving challenges in education. It adopts rigorous and well-defined scientific processes in order to gather and analyze data for problem-solving and knowledge advancement.J.W.

Best defines educational research as that activity that is directed towards the development of a science of behavior in educational situations. The ultimate aim of such a science is to provide knowledge that will permit the educator to achieve his goals through the most effective methods. The primary purpose of educational research is to expand the existing body of knowledge by providing solutions to different problems in pedagogy while improving teaching and learning practices.

Educational researchers also seek answers to questions bothering on learner motivation, development, and classroom management.
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What is the aim of research in education Mcq?

Research Methodology MCQ 1) Who was the author of the book named “Methods in Social Research”?

  1. Kerlinger
  2. CR Kothari
  3. Goode and Hatt
  4. Wilkinson

Answer: c) Goode and Halt Explanation: The book named “Methods in Social Research” was authored by Goode and Hatt on Dec 01, 1952, which was specifically aimed to improve student’s knowledge as well as response skills.2) What is the major attribute of Correlation Analysis?

  1. Association among variables
  2. Difference among variables
  3. Regression among variables
  4. Variations among variables

Answer: a) Association among variables Explanation: Mainly the correlational analysis focus on finding the association between one or more quantitative independent variables and one or more quantitative dependent variables.3) What is the name of the conceptual framework in which the research is carried out?

  1. Research hypothesis
  2. Synopsis of Research
  3. Research paradigm
  4. Research design

Answer: d) Research design Explanation: A conceptual framework can be understood as a Research design that you require before research.4) What is the main role of research in education?

  1. To upsurge one’s social status.
  2. To increase one’s job prospects.
  3. To augment one’s personal growth.
  4. To help an applicant in becoming a renowned educationalist.

Answer: d) To help an applicant in becoming a renowned educationalist Explanation: Educational research can be defined as an assurance for reviewing and improving educational practice, which will result in becoming a renowned educationalist.5) Which of the following features are considered as critical in qualitative research?

  1. Collecting data with the help of standardized research tools.
  2. Design sampling with probability sample techniques.
  3. Collecting data with bottom-up empirical evidence.
  4. Gathering data with top-down schematic evidence.

Answer: c) Collecting data with bottom-up empirical evidence. Explanation: In qualitative research, we use an inductive methodology that starts from particular to general. In other words, we study society from the bottom, then move upward to make the theories.6) How is random sampling helpful?

  1. Reasonably accurate
  2. An economical method of data collection
  3. Free from personal biases
  4. All of the above

Answer: d) All of the above Explanation: In random sampling, for each element of the set, there exist a possibility to get selected.7) A research intends to explore the result of possible factors for the organization of effective mid-day meal interventions. Which research method will be most appropriate for this study?

  1. Descriptive survey method
  2. Historical method
  3. Ex-post facto method
  4. Experimental method

Answer: c) Ex-post facto method Explanation: Mainly in the ex-post facto method, the existing groups with qualities are compared on some dependent variable. It is also known as quasi-experimental for the fact that instead of randomly assigning the subjects, they are grouped on the basis of a particular characteristic or trait.8) Tippit table refers to as _

  1. Table of random digits
  2. The table used in sampling methods
  3. The table used in statistical investigations
  4. All of the above

Answer: d) All of the above Explanation: Tippit table was first published by L.H.C Tippett in 1927.9) In order to pursue the research, which of the following is priorly required?

  1. Developing a research design
  2. Formulating a research question
  3. Deciding about the data analysis procedure
  4. Formulating a research hypothesis

Answer: b) Formulating a research question Explanation: Before starting with research, it is necessary to have a research question or a topic because once the problem is identified, then we can decide the research design.10) The format of thesis writing is the same as in

  1. Writing of Seminar representation
  2. Preparation of research paper/article
  3. A research dissertation
  4. Presenting a workshop/conference paper

Answer: c) A research dissertation Explanation: The format of thesis writing is similar to that of a research dissertation, or we can simply say that dissertation is another word for a thesis.11) Which one among the following statements is false in the context of participatory research?

  1. It recognizes knowledge as power
  2. It is a collective process of inquiry
  3. It emphasizes people as experts
  4. Its sole purpose is the production of knowledge

Answer: d) Its sole purpose is the production of knowledge Explanation: Participatory action research is a kind of research that stresses participation and action.12) Which one among the following statement is true in the context of the testing of hypotheses?

  1. It is only the alternative hypotheses that can be tested.
  2. It is only the null hypotheses that can be tested.
  3. Both the alternative and the null hypotheses can be tested.
  4. Both the alternative and the null hypotheses cannot be tested.

Answer: b) It is only the null hypothesis that can be tested. Explanation: Hypotheses testing evaluates its plausibility by using sample data.13) What are the conditions in which Type-I error occurs?

  1. The null hypotheses get accepted even if it is false
  2. The null hypotheses get rejected even if it is true
  3. Both the null hypotheses as well as alternative hypotheses are rejected
  4. None of the above

Answer: b) The null hypotheses get rejected even if it is true Explanation: The Type-I Error can be defined as the first kind of error.14) Research and Development become the index of development of the country. Which of the following reasons are true with regards to this statement?

  1. R&D targets human development
  2. R&D can enhance people’s standard of living in the country
  3. R&D reflects the actual economic and social conditions being prevailed in the country
  4. All the above

Answer: d) All of the above. Explanation: No explanation.15) What does the longitudinal research approach actually deal with?

  1. Long-term research
  2. Short-term research
  3. Horizontal research
  4. None of the above

Answer: a) Long-term research Explanation: In general, the longitudinal approach is long-term research in which the researchers keep on examining similar individuals to detect if any change has occurred over a while.16) What do you understand by the term “Anusandhan”?

  1. Goal-oriented
  2. Following an aim
  3. Attaining an aim
  4. Praying to achieve an aim

Answer: b) Following an aim Explanation: No explanation.17) Evaluation Research is concerned with _

  1. How well are we doing?
  2. Why are we doing?
  3. What are we doing?
  4. None of the above

Answer: a) How well are we doing? Explanation: Instead of focusing on the process, the evaluation research measures the consequences of the process, for example, if the objectives are met or not.18) Which of the following does not correspond to characteristics of research?

  1. Research is not passive
  2. Research is systematic
  3. Research is not a problem-oriented
  4. Research is not a process

Answer: d) Research is not a process Explanation: Research is an inspired and systematic work that is undertaken by the researchers to intensify expertise.19) Which of the following options are the main tasks of research in modern society?

  1. To learn new things
  2. To keep pace with the advancement in knowledge
  3. To systematically examine and critically analyze the investigations/sources with the objective
  4. All of the above

Answer: d) All of the above Explanation: Research is an inspired and systematic work that is undertaken by the researchers to intensify expertise.20) What is the main aim of interdisciplinary research?

  1. To over simplify the problem of research
  2. To bring out the holistic approach to research
  3. To create a new trend in research methodology
  4. To reduce the emphasis on a single subject in the research domain

Answer: b) To bring out the holistic approach to research Explanation: Particularly in interdisciplinary research, it combines two or more hypothetical disciplines into one activity.21) The main aim of the scientific method in the research field is to _

  1. Improve data interpretation
  2. Confirm triangulation
  3. Introduce new variables
  4. Eliminate spurious relations

Answer: d) Eliminate spurious relations Explanation: Scientific research aims to build knowledge by hypothesizing new theories and discovering laws.22) A researcher is interested in studying the prospects of a particular political party in an urban area. So, what tool should he prefer for the study?

  1. Rating Scale
  2. Interview
  3. Questionnaire
  4. Schedule

Answer: c) Questionnaire Explanation: Since it is an urban area, so there is a probability of literacy amongst a greater number of people. Also, there would be numerous questions over the ruling period of a political party, which cannot be simply answered by rating.

  1. Casual Comparative Research
  2. Historical Research
  3. Descriptive Research
  4. Experimental Research

Answer: b) Historical Research Explanation: One cannot generalize historical research in the USA, which has been done in India.24) How to judge the depth of any research?

  1. By research title
  2. By research duration
  3. By research objectives
  4. By total expenditure on research

Answer: c) By research objectives Explanation: Research objectives concisely demonstrate what we are trying to achieve through the research.25) Who can successfully conduct Research?

  1. Someone who is a hard worker
  2. Possesses post-graduation degree
  3. Has studied research methodology
  4. Possesses thinking and reasoning ability

Answer: c) Has studied research methodology Explanation: Anyone who has studied the research methodology can undergo the research.26) Which of the following is not the method of Research?

  1. Survey
  2. Historical
  3. Observation
  4. Philosophical

Answer: c) Observation Explanation: Mainly the research method comprises strategies, processes or techniques that are being utilized to collect the data or evidence so as to reveal new information or create a better understanding of a topic.27) A research problem is feasible only when

  1. It has utility and relevance
  2. It is new and adds something to knowledge
  3. It is researchable
  4. All of the above

Answer: d) All of the above Explanation: A research problem can be defined as a statement about the area of interest, a condition that is required to be improved, a difficulty that has to be eradicated, or any disquieting question existing in scholarly literature, in theory, or in practice that points to be solved.28) Circle graphs are used to show

  1. How is one part related to other parts?
  2. How various sections share in the whole?
  3. How is one whole related to another whole?
  4. How are various parts related to the whole?

Answer: d) How are various parts related to the whole? Explanation: A circle graph helps in visualizing information as well as the data.29) Authenticity of a research finding is its

  1. Validity
  2. Objectivity
  3. Originality
  4. All of the above

Answer: b) Objectivity Explanation: No explanation.30) Which one is called non-probability sampling?

  1. Quota sampling
  2. Cluster sampling
  3. Systematic sampling
  4. Stratified random sampling

Answer: a) Quota sampling Explanation: In non-probability sampling, all the members do not get an equal opportunity to participate in the study.

  • 31) What does a good thesis involve?
  • a) Reducing punctuations as well as grammatical errors to minimalist b) Correct reference citations c) Consistency in the way of thesis writing
  • d) Well defined abstract
  • Select the answers from the codes given below:
  1. b), c) and d)
  2. a), b), c) and d)
  3. a), b) and c)
  4. a), b) and d)

Answer: B. a), b), c) and d) Explanation: All of the above.32) Which one among the following statements is correct in context to research? a) Research refers to a series of systematic activity or activities undertaken to find out the solution to a problem.

  1. d) It enhances knowledge.
  2. Select the correct answer from the codes given below:
  1. a), b), c) and d)
  2. a), b) and c)
  3. b), c) and d)
  4. a), c) and d)

Answer: A. a), b), c) and d) Explanation: All of the above.33) On what basis did Jean Piaget give his theory of cognitive development of humans?

  1. Evaluation Research
  2. Fundamental Research
  3. Applied Research
  4. Action Research

Answer: b) Fundamental Research Explanation: Jean Piaget, in his cognitive-developmental theory, proposed the idea that children can actively construct knowledge simply by exploring and manipulating the world around them.34) What are the core elements of a dissertation?

  1. Introduction; Data Collection; Data Analysis; Conclusions and Recommendations
  2. Executive Summary; Literature Review; Data Gathered; Conclusions; Bibliography
  3. Research Plan; Research Data; Analysis; References
  4. Introduction; Literature Review; Research Methodology; Results; Discussions and Conclusions
  • Answer: d) Introduction; Literature Review; Research Methodology; Results; Discussions and Conclusions
  • Explanation: The core elements of the dissertation are as follows:
  • Introduction; Literature Review; Research Methodology; Results; Discussions and Conclusions

35) “Sampling Cases” can be defined as

  1. Sampling using a sampling frame
  2. Identifying people who are suitable for research
  3. Literally the researcher’s brief case
  4. A sampling of people, newspapers, television programs etc.

Answer: d) A sampling of people, newspapers, television programs etc. Explanation: In general, sampling in case study research involves decisions made by the researchers regarding the strategies of sampling, the number of case studies, and the definition of the unit of analysis.36) Which technique is generally followed when the population is finite?

  1. Systematic Sampling Technique
  2. Purposive Sampling Technique
  3. Area Sampling Technique
  4. None of the above

Answer: a) Systematic Sampling Technique Explanation: Systematic sampling can be understood as a probability sampling method in which the members of the population are selected by the researchers at a regular interval.37) Research problem is selected from the standpoint of

  1. Social relevance
  2. Financial support
  3. Researcher’s interest
  4. Availability of relevant literature

Answer: a) Social relevance Explanation: No explanation.38) The F-test:

  1. Is essentially a two-tailed test.
  2. Is essentially a one-tailed test.
  3. Can be one-tailed as well as two-tailed depending on the hypotheses.
  4. Can never be one tailed test.

Answer: c) Can be one-tailed as well as two-tailed depending on the hypotheses Explanation: An F-test corresponds to a statistical test in which the test statistic has an F-distribution under the null hypothesis.39) Which one among the following is the most comprehensive source of population data?

  1. Census
  2. National Sample Surveys
  3. Demographic Health Surveys
  4. National Family Health Surveys

Answer: a) Census Explanation: Census is an official survey that keeps track of the population data.40) The process not needed in experimental research is

  1. Controlling
  2. Observation
  3. Reference collection
  4. Manipulation and replication

Answer: b) Observation Explanation: No explanation.41) What are those conditions where a research problem is not viable?

  1. It is new and adds something to knowledge
  2. It can be researched
  3. It has utility and relevance
  4. It contains dependent and independent variables
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Answer: d) It contains dependent and independent variables Explanation: A research problem can be defined as a statement about the concerned area, a condition needed to be improved, a difficulty that has to be eliminated, or a troubling question existing in scholarly literature, in theory, or in practice pointing towards the need of delivering a deliberate investigation.42) How can we enhance the research objective?

  1. By making it more valid
  2. By making it more reliable
  3. By making it more impartial
  4. All of the above

Answer: d) All of the above Explanation: The research objectives must be concisely described before starting the research as it illustrates what we are going to achieve as an end result after the accomplishment.43) Action-research can be understood as _

  1. A longitudinal research
  2. An applied research
  3. A kind of research being carried out to solve a specific problem
  4. All of the above

Answer: c) A kind of research being carried out to solve a specific problem Explanation: In general, action research is termed as a philosophy or a research methodology, which is implemented in social sciences.44) On what basis can one formulate the assumptions?

  1. The cultural background of the country
  2. Universities
  3. Some specific characteristics of castes
  4. All of the above

Answer: a) The cultural background of the country Explanation: An assumption can be identified as an unexamined belief, which we contemplate without even comprehending it. Also, the conclusions that we draw are often based on assumptions.45) Which one among the following falls under the category of research development?

  1. Descriptive Research
  2. Philosophical Research
  3. Action Research
  4. All of the above

Answer: d) All of the above Explanation: No explanation.46) What is the use of Factorial Analysis?

  1. For setting the hypotheses
  2. To understand the difference between two variables
  3. To understand the relationship between two variables
  4. To understand the difference between various variables

Answer: b) To understand the difference between two variables Explanation: Factor analysis can be understood as a statistical method that defines the variability between two variables in terms of factors, which are nothing but unobserved variables.47) What is the best-suited name for a process that doesn’t necessitate experimental research?

  1. Manipulation
  2. Controlling
  3. Content analysis
  4. Observation

Answer: a) Manipulation Explanation: In an experimental research design, whenever the independent variables (i.e., treatment variables or factors) decisively get altered by researchers, then that process is termed as an experimental manipulation.48) Which one among the following variables cannot be expressed in quantitative terms?

  1. Numerical Aptitude
  2. Marital Status
  3. Socio-economic Status
  4. Professional Attitude

Answer: d) Professional Attitude Explanation: A professional attitude is an ability that inclines you to manage your time, portray a leadership quality, make you self-determined and persistent.49) The “Sociogram” technique is used to study _

  1. Vocational Interest
  2. Human Relations
  3. Professional Competence
  4. Achievement Motivation

Answer: b) Human Relations Explanation: The term sociogram can be defined as a graphical representation of human relation that portrays the social links formed by one particular person.50) Which one among the following phrases does not correspond to the meaning of research as a process?

  1. Problem Solving
  2. Trial and Error
  3. Objective Observation
  4. Systematic Activity

Answer: c) Objective Observation Explanation: The research process comprises classifying, locating, evaluating, and investigating the data, which is required to support your research question, followed by developing and expressing your ideas. Next Topic : Research Methodology MCQ
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Which of the following was the main aim of education?

Hence the chief aim of education was the realization of the fundamental truths of life, to solve the problems of death by merging the self in the Universal to avoid change, decay, and dissolution.
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What are the benefits of educational research?

Research in education has enabled significant progress to be made in curriculum development and reform, educating learners with difficulties, understanding the individual differences and preferences and in adapting methods of instruction to the needs of individual learners.
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How does research improve education?

BASIC RESEARCH IN COGNITIVE SCIENCE – Research has enriched knowledge of learning and teaching in many ways. One of these is knowledge about early development of thinking, reading, and mathematics skills. A number of the basic theories of the development of cognitive processes presented in this section informed the design of programs discussed below.

  1. In some cases, the findings of cognitive researchers have reinforced traditional practices used to assist children in acquiring reading and mathematics skills.
  2. For instance, the practice of reading with a child and discussing the story has been shown to build cognitive skills of summarizing, clarifying, predicting, and questioning.

But just as often, cognitive researchers working in areas such as artificial intelligence and expert systems have suggested new approaches to teaching. For many years the principles espoused by B.F. Skinner dominated human experimental psychology. His approach was based on determining the relationships between observable stimuli and observable responses, with little consideration for what went on in between.

  • Since the late 1960s, however, the emphasis has shifted to the study of cognitive processes, modeling what the mind knows and how it knows—an approach that is more compatible with providing guidance for teaching and learning.
  • According to Resnick (1987a:7): Suggested Citation: “RESEARCH AND THE IMPROVEMENT OF EDUCATION.” National Research Council.1992.

Research and Education Reform: Roles for the Office of Educational Research and Improvement, Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/1973. × Cognitive scientists—including researchers in psychology, computer science, linguistics, neuroscience, and anthropology—have differentiated and expanded understanding of how thought and knowledge develop and interact.

The notion of schemata, first discussed by Bartlett in 1932, has reemerged as a principal concept. A schema is a mental framework for acquiring and organizing new knowledge and skill and interpreting new experience; it also contains both the elements of knowledge and the rules for relating the elements.

The development of expertise involves more than the acquisition of new knowledge, it involves the remodeling of one’s prior perspective. According to cognitive theorists, individuals have several schemata, each of which may result in a different interpretation of an event.

  1. Thinking skills are sets of strategies for analysis and self-regulation that build on prior knowledge and experience and generate increasingly complex frameworks for understanding (Chipman et al., 1985; Glaser, 1984; Resnick, 1989).
  2. Some aspects of thinking are common across domains; others are quite specialized and domain specific (Benton and Kiewra, 1987).

And thinking is influenced by social support, shared experience, and role models (Brown and Palincsar, 1989; Rogoff and Lave, 1984). In the past it was believed that young children were essentially empty vessels to be filled with knowledge, and when faced with unfamiliar problems, their errors were the result of random guessing.

Work in cognitive science has since shown that many errors made by children in the first grade of school are based on the consistent application of incorrect rules (Brown and VanLehn, 1982; Fisher and Bullock, 1984). With this new understanding of learning processes, cognitive scientists began to explore and categorize faulty rules, looking for the principles underlying the errors made in different learning tasks.

The results of this work have provided the ability to identify the cause of children’s errors and to design instructional strategies to eliminate them. One approach to supporting cognitive development in young children is guided intervention, a collaborative process based on shared experiences and understanding (Vygotsky, 1978).

  1. In this approach, children develop thinking and subject-related skills through guided, social contact with adults.
  2. The adult models a behavior that is slightly beyond the child’s current capabilities, coaches the child in the behavior, and guides him or her in reflecting on the new experience for purposes of mastering the behavior.

In this way, the child acquires not only the new skill but also the adult’s understanding of the skill. Another important line of research in cognitive science is modeling the knowledge structures and judgments of experts and novices and then comparing the two as a way to understand the nature of expertise and the training needed to turn novices into experts.

For example, Chi et al. (1981) have examined the differences in the knowledge structures and problem Suggested Citation: “RESEARCH AND THE IMPROVEMENT OF EDUCATION.” National Research Council.1992. Research and Education Reform: Roles for the Office of Educational Research and Improvement, Washington, DC: The National Academies Press.

doi: 10.17226/1973. × approaches of expert and novice physicists to better understand how the acquisition of knowledge and rules affects problem-solving strategies. The schemata and algorithms used by experts can be studied by using such methods as cognitive task analysis or think-aloud protocols (Newell and Simon, 1972).

According to Glaser et al. (1991), models representing stages in the progression from novice to expert skill would be useful in guiding the learning process. The principles of cognitive science have provided important guidance to the developers of many promising programs on curriculum design and teaching approaches.

Two examples are Cognitively Guided Instruction and Reciprocal Teaching (described below).
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What are the aims and objectives of research?

A research aim is a broad statement indicating the general purpose of your research project. It should appear in your introduction at the end of your problem statement, before your research objectives. Research objectives are more specific than your research aim.
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What is the importance of research?

Curiosity leads to research – Research is what propels humanity forward. It’s fueled by curiosity: we get curious, ask questions, and immerse ourselves in discovering everything there is to know. Learning is thriving. Without curiosity and research, progress would slow to a halt, and our lives as we know them would be completely different.
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Why is research important in education this time?

It’s the most important tool for expanding our knowledge – Research is an integral part of education for teachers and students alike. It’s our most important tool for expanding our knowledge and understanding of different topics and ideas.

  • Educators need to be informed about the latest research to make good decisions and provide students with quality learning opportunities.
  • Research provides educators with valuable information about how students learn best so they can be more effective teachers.
  • It also helps us develop new methods and techniques for teaching and allows educators to explore different topics and ideas in more detail.
  • For students, research allows them to explore new topics and develop critical thinking skills along with analytical and communication skills.

In short, research is vital in education because it helps us learn more about the world around us and improves the quality of education for everyone involved.
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What is the aim of MCQ?

A multiple choice question, with days of the week as potential answers Multiple choice ( MC ), objective response or MCQ (for multiple choice question ) is a form of an objective assessment in which respondents are asked to select only correct answers from the choices offered as a list.

The multiple choice format is most frequently used in educational testing, in market research, and in elections, when a person chooses between multiple candidates, parties, or policies. Although E.L. Thorndike developed an early scientific approach to testing students, it was his assistant Benjamin D.

Wood who developed the multiple-choice test. Multiple-choice testing increased in popularity in the mid-20th century when scanners and data-processing machines were developed to check the result. Christopher P. Sole created the first multiple-choice examination for computers on a Sharp Mz 80 computer in 1982.
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What is research Mcq answer?

Meaning & Definition of Research MCQ – Objective Question Answer for Meaning & Definition of Research Quiz – Download Now! During research when we avoid speculative and metaphysical approaches and instead concentrate on studying observable facts, it is called:

  1. Feminism
  2. Ethnomethodology
  3. Constructionism
  4. Positivism
  • Research can be defined as the systematic investigation into the study of a subject in order to establish facts and arrive at new findings and conclusions.
  • Key Points
  • According to Kuhn,1962, ” Research paradigm is the set of common beliefs and agreements shared between scientists about how the problems should be understood and addressed,”
  • Positivism :
    • This approach propounded that the standards of science should be applied to social analysis.
    • It is more of a quantitative approach,
    • This approach tends to be very black and white.
    • It relies heavily on scientific evidence,
    • It claims that all knowledge must be verified through scientific methods,
    • It denies intuition, theological, and metaphysical knowledge.
    • During research when we avoid speculative and metaphysical approaches and instead concentrate on studying observable facts. Hence, this is the correct answer.
    • It relies on these aspects of science –
      • Science is deterministic,
      • Science is mechanistic,
      • Science uses methods,
      • Science deals with empiricism,

​Hence during research when we avoid speculative and metaphysical approaches and instead concentrate on studying observable facts, it is called Positivism. Additional Information

  • Feminism :
    • It is an ideology that supports women’s rights and aims to establish fair and just relations between the sexes.
    • It incorporates the position that societies prioritize the patriarchal point of view.
    • It is an interdisciplinary approach to issues of equality and equity-based on gender.
  • Ethnomethodology :
    • It is a theoretical approach in sociology.
    • It is based on the belief that you can discover the normal social order of society by disrupting it.
    • It focuses on the way people make sense of their world,
  • Constructionism :
    • It is a learning theory that advocates a student-centered learning modal,
    • It was developed by Seymour Papert,
    • This theory believes that children construct their new knowledge by constructing physical and manipulative materials.
    • It believes that learning happens through making.

India’s #1 Learning Platform Start Complete Exam Preparation Daily Live MasterClasses Practice Question Bank Mock Tests & Quizzes Trusted by 3.4 Crore+ Students Research is

  1. Searching again and again
  2. Finding solution to any problem
  3. Working in a scientific way to search for truth of any problem
  4. None of the above

Option 2 : Finding solution to any problem Research:

  • It is the systematic investigation into and study of materials and sources in order to establish facts and reach new conclusions.
  • It consists of two words, ‘re’ means again and ‘search’ means ‘to find out’.
  • It means the creation of new knowledge and/or the use of existing knowledge in a new and creative way so as to generate new concepts, methodologies and understandings.

Based on the Objectives of research:

  • It is a finding to get an answer to a question
  • It is an effort to get familiar with a new phenomenon
  • Review and synthesize the existing knowledge
  • The research aims to explore knowledge
  • It is an investigation to find out the solution to a problem
  • Research also investigate an existing problem
  • Research generates new method, plan, system, etc

Therefore, Research is finding the solution to any problem. India’s #1 Learning Platform Start Complete Exam Preparation Daily Live MasterClasses Practice Question Bank Mock Tests & Quizzes Trusted by 3.4 Crore+ Students Which one of the following statements is not correct?

  1. Any person can do research
  2. Research may be without a hypothesis.
  3. Research requires library facilities
  4. Research is not always systematic
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Option 4 : Research is not always systematic Below are the definition of Research:

  1. Best and Kahn, in their book Research in Education, define research “as the systematic and objective analysis and recording of controlled observations that may lead to the development of generalization, principles or theories, resulting in prediction and possibly ultimate control of events.”
  2. Busha in his publication Research Methods in Librarianship says that Research is ” a systematic quest for knowledge that is characterized by disciplined inquiry. An efficient and effective approach to expand knowledge is the conduct of special, planned, and structured investigations.”
  3. According to the Random House Dictionary of the English Language, Research is a systematic inquiry into a subject in order to discover or revise facts, theories, etc.

Thus, research is always systematic. 1. Any person can do research : Any person who wants to explore their curiosity and commit to scholarly investigations in an area of interest, pose new questions, or present new ways of thinking about a given issue or topic, is creative and open to making discoveries can do research.2.

  1. Research may be without a hypothesis: An hypothesis is a specific statement of prediction.
  2. It describes in concrete (rather than theoretical) terms what you expect will happen in your study.
  3. Not all studies have hypotheses.
  4. Sometimes a study is designed to be exploratory (inductive research).
  5. There is no formal hypothesis, and perhaps the purpose of the study is to explore some areas more thoroughly in order to develop some specific hypothesis or prediction that can be tested in future research.

Descriptive studies don’t need a hypothesis.3. Research requires library facilities: Easy access to high-quality content is a key foundation for good research which is facilitated by libraries. Libraries are a physical manifestation of the values of the academy and of scholarship.

  1. to create knowledge
  2. to construct reality
  3. to solve problems
  4. all of the above

Option 2 : to construct reality Research Purpose:

  1. The research purpose is a statement of “why” the study is being conducted, or the goal of the study.
  2. Th e goal of a study might be to identify or describe a concept or to explain or predict a situation or solution to a situation that indicates the type of study to be conducted (Beckingham, 1974).

Therefore, the purpose of the research is to construct reality. Confusion Points

Research facilitates the creation of knowledge as it involves investigation and experimentation. It helps to construct reality by testing hypotheses and generalizing findings. Research conducted to solve any immediate problem of theory or practice at hand is known as applied research. But its main purpose is to construct reality.

India’s #1 Learning Platform Start Complete Exam Preparation Daily Live MasterClasses Practice Question Bank Mock Tests & Quizzes Trusted by 3.4 Crore+ Students A mature researcher is one –

  1. Whose hypothesis and thesis are identical
  2. Who maintains critical gap between hypothesis and thesis
  3. Who has an open mind about the results
  4. Whose hypothesis is very often rejected

Option 3 : Who has an open mind about the results In the Encyclopedia of Social Sciences, Research is defined as “the manipulation of things, concepts or symbols for the purpose of generalization to extend, correct or verify knowledge whether that knowledge aids in the construction of a theory or in practice of an art.” Qualities of a good researcher:

  1. An analytical mind
  2. Curious
  3. Commitment
  4. Inquisitiveness
  5. Thirst for knowledge
  6. Innovativeness
  7. Adaptability
  8. Focus
  9. Perseverance
  10. Collaborative
  11. Integrity
  12. Foresightedness

A mature researcher is the one who has the above qualities and an open mind about the results. He should be able to dispel prejudice. He should not conceive any pre-conceived notion; rather he should maintain objectivity while gathering information. Thus, option 3 is the correct answer.

  1. Adoption of ‘Scientific Method’ for creation and application of knowledge
  2. Adoption of critical and constructive thinking for solution of problems
  3. Arriving at generalisations based on observed data
  4. Search for universal truths of life

Option 1 : Adoption of ‘Scientific Method’ for creation and application of knowledge Searching it, again and again, means Re-search, Research is defined as human activity based on intellectual application in the investigation of the matter. The primary purpose for applied research is discovering, interpreting, and the development of methods and systems for the advancement of human knowledge on a wide variety of scientific matters of our world and the universe.

  • Research can use the scientific method, but need not do so. Research is an art of scientific investigation. It is regarded as a systematic effort to gain new knowledge.
  • The dictionary meaning of research is “a careful investigation or inquiry especially through search for new facts in any branch of knowledge”.
  • Definition of Research comprises defining and redefining problems, formulating hypothesis or suggested solutions; collecting, organizing and evaluating data; making deductions and reaching conclusions; and at last, carefully testing the conclusions to determine whether they fit the formulating hypothesis.

Hence, the best possible meaning of Research is adoption of ‘Scientific Method’ for creation and application of knowledge. India’s #1 Learning Platform Start Complete Exam Preparation Daily Live MasterClasses Practice Question Bank Mock Tests & Quizzes Trusted by 3.4 Crore+ Students In the list of statements given below which of them offer a suitable definition of research? Give your answer by selecting from the code.

  1. 1) Research means a repeated search.
  2. 2) Research is basically an answer to a question.
  3. 3) Research provides an authentic solution to a problem.
  4. 4) Research is an endeavour to prove one’s hypothesis.
  5. 5) Research is a meaning-giving process.
  6. 6) Research means drawing a sample from a defined population.
  1. 1, 2, and 3
  2. 2, 3, and 6
  3. 1, 4, and 6
  4. 2, 3, and 5

Research is a systematic inquiry towards understanding a complex social phenomenon or a process. Based on the research problem, the selection of research methods by the researcher may vary. Key Points There are various definitions of research given by various people some of them are mentioned below:

  • In the Encyclopaedia of Social Sciences, Research is defined as “the manipulation of things, concepts or symbols for the purpose of generalization to extend, correct or verify knowledge whether that knowledge aids in the construction of a theory or in the practice of an art.”
  • Best and Kahn, in their book Research in Education, define research “as the systematic and objective analysis and recording of controlled observations that may lead to the development of generalization, principles or theories, resulting in prediction and possibly ultimate control of events.”
  • Busha in his publication Research Methods in Librarianship says that Research is “a systematic quest for knowledge that is characterized by disciplined inquiry. An efficient and effective approach to expand knowledge is the conduct of special, planned, and structured investigations.”
  • Cook outlines research as an honest, exhaustive, intelligent search for facts and their meanings or implications, with reference to a problem. He sees the word ‘Research’ as an acronym, each letter of the word, standing for a particular aspect as given below:
    • R = Rational way of thinking
    • E = Expert and Exhaustive treatment
    • S = Search and solution
    • E = Exactness
    • A = Analysis
    • R = Relationship of facts
    • C = Critical observation, Careful panning, Constructive attitude, and Condensed generalization
    • H = Honest and Hardworking
  • Ranganathan describes research to represent a critical and exhaustive investigation to discover new facts, to interpret them in the light of known ideas, theories, and laws, to revive the current laws and theories in the light of the newly discovered facts to apply the conclusion to practical purpose.

Important Points According to all these definitions of research, we can broadly sum up that research is:

  • An intellectual activity of a high order;
  • An investigation of a phenomenon, event or activity;
  • Aims to discover data and facts and their interpretations;
  • To arrive at conclusions to formulate new theories and laws or revise the already established theories and laws;
  • To communicate the results for peer review;
  • To be accepted or rejected before adding this new knowledge to the already existing general pool of knowledge;
  • An organized inquiry to explain the unexplained phenomenon; and
  • To correct the misconceived facts.

Therefore, research can be defined as an authentic meaningful process to find the answer to a problem. India’s #1 Learning Platform Start Complete Exam Preparation Daily Live MasterClasses Practice Question Bank Mock Tests & Quizzes Trusted by 3.4 Crore+ Students

  • Which of the following statements best reflect the meaning and characteristics of research?
  • Code:
  • (a) Research means challenging the status quo.
  • (b) Research is an endeavor to collect facts and information.
  • (c) Research is a synthesis of deductive and inductive processes.
  • (d) Research means proving one’s assertions and beliefs.
  • (e) Research is a careful review of reported studies.
  • (f) Research is a critical and passionate search for knowledge.
  1. (a), (b) and (c)
  2. (b), (d) and (e)
  3. (a), (e) and (f)
  4. (a), (c) and (f)

Option 4 : (a), (c) and (f) According to Creswell, ‘research is a process of steps used to collect and analyze information to increase our understanding of a topic or issue.’ The term research comprises two words, ‘re’ and ‘search’, ‘Re’ means again and ‘search’ means to find out. There are various definitions of research given by various people some of them are mentioned below:

  • In the Encyclopaedia of Social Sciences, Research is defined as “the manipulation of things, concepts or symbols for the purpose of generalization to extend, correct or verify knowledge whether that knowledge aids in the construction of a theory or in the practice of an art.”
  • Best and Kahn, in their book Research in Education, define research “as the systematic and objective analysis and recording of controlled observations that may lead to the development of generalization, principles or theories, resulting in prediction and possibly ultimate control of events.”
  • Busha in his publication Research Methods in Librarianship says that Research is “a systematic quest for knowledge that is characterized by disciplined inquiry. An efficient and effective approach to expand knowledge is the conduct of special, planned, and structured investigations.”
  • Cook outlines research as an honest, exhaustive, intelligent search for facts and their meanings or implications, with reference to a problem. He sees the word ‘Research’ as an acronym, each letter of the word, standing for a particular aspect as given below:
    • R = Rational way of thinking
    • E = Expert and Exhaustive treatment
    • S = Search and solution
    • E = Exactness
    • A = Analysis
    • R = Relationship of facts
    • C = Critical observation, Careful panning, Constructive attitude, and Condensed generalization
    • H = Honest and Hardworking
  • Ranganathan describes research to represent a critical and exhaustive investigation to discover new facts, to interpret them in the light of known ideas, theories, and laws, to revive the current laws and theories in the light of the newly discovered facts to apply the conclusion to practical purpose.

According to all these definitions of research, we can broadly sum up f ew characteristics of research are:

  • It is an empirical, analytical, and systematic process of inquiry and investigation to increase knowledge.
  • Research gains familiarity with a new phenomenon or develops a new insight into a phenomenon.
  • The research investigates some existing problems and offers solutions to it.
  • Research can be done on a specific observation, moving to a more generalized theory (inductive) or we can think of a theory of our interest and then narrow it down into more specific hypotheses that we can test (deductive).
  • Researches keep developing knowledge and contributing new ideas in a field.
  1. Thus, the correct statement that best reflects the meaning and characteristics of research are:
  2. (a) Research means challenging the status quo.
  3. (c) Research is a synthesis of deductive and inductive processes.
  4. (f) Research is a critical and passionate search for knowledge.

India’s #1 Learning Platform Start Complete Exam Preparation Daily Live MasterClasses Practice Question Bank Mock Tests & Quizzes Trusted by 3.4 Crore+ Students During research when we avoid speculative and metaphysical approaches and instead concentrate on studying observable facts, it is called:

  1. Feminism
  2. Ethnomethodology
  3. Constructionism
  4. Positivism
  • Research can be defined as the systematic investigation into the study of a subject in order to establish facts and arrive at new findings and conclusions.
  • Key Points
  • According to Kuhn,1962, ” Research paradigm is the set of common beliefs and agreements shared between scientists about how the problems should be understood and addressed,”
  • Positivism :
    • This approach propounded that the standards of science should be applied to social analysis.
    • It is more of a quantitative approach,
    • This approach tends to be very black and white.
    • It relies heavily on scientific evidence,
    • It claims that all knowledge must be verified through scientific methods,
    • It denies intuition, theological, and metaphysical knowledge.
    • During research when we avoid speculative and metaphysical approaches and instead concentrate on studying observable facts. Hence, this is the correct answer.
    • It relies on these aspects of science –
      • Science is deterministic,
      • Science is mechanistic,
      • Science uses methods,
      • Science deals with empiricism,

​Hence during research when we avoid speculative and metaphysical approaches and instead concentrate on studying observable facts, it is called Positivism. Additional Information

  • Feminism :
    • It is an ideology that supports women’s rights and aims to establish fair and just relations between the sexes.
    • It incorporates the position that societies prioritize the patriarchal point of view.
    • It is an interdisciplinary approach to issues of equality and equity-based on gender.
  • Ethnomethodology :
    • It is a theoretical approach in sociology.
    • It is based on the belief that you can discover the normal social order of society by disrupting it.
    • It focuses on the way people make sense of their world,
  • Constructionism :
    • It is a learning theory that advocates a student-centered learning modal,
    • It was developed by Seymour Papert,
    • This theory believes that children construct their new knowledge by constructing physical and manipulative materials.
    • It believes that learning happens through making.

India’s #1 Learning Platform Start Complete Exam Preparation Daily Live MasterClasses Practice Question Bank Mock Tests & Quizzes Trusted by 3.4 Crore+ Students _ has established a close relationship between the growth of thinking and the developmental of mathematical concepts.

  1. Research
  2. Tests
  3. Equation
  4. Demonstration

The three basic groups of mathematical concepts that are essential in all topics included in the mathematics curriculum at the elementary school level are number and operations on numbers, spatial thinking and measurement, Note that:

  • The mathematical concepts and processes at different levels, especially at the primary level, are arranged from simpler to complex order.
  • Such arrangement is associated with the development of their thinking abilities and with the growth of the learner.
  • Research has established a close relationship between the growth of thinking and the development of mathematical concepts.
  • As a teacher, one should be aware of such relationship so that one can develop an understanding of the strength and difficulties of every child in one’s class in their learning of mathematics concepts and can take appropriate facilitating steps in that direction.
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Hence, we conclude that a close relationship between the growth of thinking and the development of mathematical concepts is established in ​Research. India’s #1 Learning Platform Start Complete Exam Preparation Daily Live MasterClasses Practice Question Bank Mock Tests & Quizzes Trusted by 3.4 Crore+ Students One of the main aims of science is :

  1. Persuasion
  2. Prediction
  3. Post diction
  4. Assertion
  1. One of the main aims of science is Prediction,
  2. Prediction is a statement about what will happen or might happen in the future.
  1. Persuasion is an umbrella term of influence. Persuasion can attempt to influence a person’s beliefs, attitudes, intentions, motivations, or behaviors. It is a branch of Social Psychology,
  2. Postdiction involves explanation after the fact has occurred. It is antonym (opposite) of Prediction.
  3. Assertion is a confident and forceful statement of fact or belief.
  1. While all 4 are related to science, the main aim of science is Prediction,
  2. If scientists wouldn’t have predicted that global warming will result in the melting of glaciers which will ultimately pose threat to human life, no efforts would have been made to protect the earth from the harmful effects of climate change.
  3. This prediction has given a chance to elongate life on earth. Thus, predictions are very important as it gives us time to adapt and modify before-hand.

India’s #1 Learning Platform Start Complete Exam Preparation Daily Live MasterClasses Practice Question Bank Mock Tests & Quizzes Trusted by 3.4 Crore+ Students The best meaning of Research is

  1. Adoption of ‘Scientific Method’ for creation and application of knowledge
  2. Adoption of critical and constructive thinking for solution of problems
  3. Arriving at generalisations based on observed data
  4. Search for universal truths of life

Option 1 : Adoption of ‘Scientific Method’ for creation and application of knowledge Searching it, again and again, means Re-search, Research is defined as human activity based on intellectual application in the investigation of the matter. The primary purpose for applied research is discovering, interpreting, and the development of methods and systems for the advancement of human knowledge on a wide variety of scientific matters of our world and the universe.

  • Research can use the scientific method, but need not do so. Research is an art of scientific investigation. It is regarded as a systematic effort to gain new knowledge.
  • The dictionary meaning of research is “a careful investigation or inquiry especially through search for new facts in any branch of knowledge”.
  • Definition of Research comprises defining and redefining problems, formulating hypothesis or suggested solutions; collecting, organizing and evaluating data; making deductions and reaching conclusions; and at last, carefully testing the conclusions to determine whether they fit the formulating hypothesis.

Hence, the best possible meaning of Research is adoption of ‘Scientific Method’ for creation and application of knowledge. India’s #1 Learning Platform Start Complete Exam Preparation Daily Live MasterClasses Practice Question Bank Mock Tests & Quizzes Trusted by 3.4 Crore+ Students In the list of statements given below which of them offer a suitable definition of research? Give your answer by selecting from the code.

  • 1) Research means a repeated search.
  • 2) Research is basically an answer to a question.
  • 3) Research provides an authentic solution to a problem.
  • 4) Research is an endeavour to prove one’s hypothesis.
  • 5) Research is a meaning-giving process.
  • 6) Research means drawing a sample from a defined population.
  1. 1, 2, and 3
  2. 2, 3, and 6
  3. 1, 4, and 6
  4. 2, 3, and 5

Research is a systematic inquiry towards understanding a complex social phenomenon or a process. Based on the research problem, the selection of research methods by the researcher may vary. Key Points There are various definitions of research given by various people some of them are mentioned below:

  • In the Encyclopaedia of Social Sciences, Research is defined as “the manipulation of things, concepts or symbols for the purpose of generalization to extend, correct or verify knowledge whether that knowledge aids in the construction of a theory or in the practice of an art.”
  • Best and Kahn, in their book Research in Education, define research “as the systematic and objective analysis and recording of controlled observations that may lead to the development of generalization, principles or theories, resulting in prediction and possibly ultimate control of events.”
  • Busha in his publication Research Methods in Librarianship says that Research is “a systematic quest for knowledge that is characterized by disciplined inquiry. An efficient and effective approach to expand knowledge is the conduct of special, planned, and structured investigations.”
  • Cook outlines research as an honest, exhaustive, intelligent search for facts and their meanings or implications, with reference to a problem. He sees the word ‘Research’ as an acronym, each letter of the word, standing for a particular aspect as given below:
    • R = Rational way of thinking
    • E = Expert and Exhaustive treatment
    • S = Search and solution
    • E = Exactness
    • A = Analysis
    • R = Relationship of facts
    • C = Critical observation, Careful panning, Constructive attitude, and Condensed generalization
    • H = Honest and Hardworking
  • Ranganathan describes research to represent a critical and exhaustive investigation to discover new facts, to interpret them in the light of known ideas, theories, and laws, to revive the current laws and theories in the light of the newly discovered facts to apply the conclusion to practical purpose.

Important Points According to all these definitions of research, we can broadly sum up that research is:

  • An intellectual activity of a high order;
  • An investigation of a phenomenon, event or activity;
  • Aims to discover data and facts and their interpretations;
  • To arrive at conclusions to formulate new theories and laws or revise the already established theories and laws;
  • To communicate the results for peer review;
  • To be accepted or rejected before adding this new knowledge to the already existing general pool of knowledge;
  • An organized inquiry to explain the unexplained phenomenon; and
  • To correct the misconceived facts.

Therefore, research can be defined as an authentic meaningful process to find the answer to a problem. India’s #1 Learning Platform Start Complete Exam Preparation Daily Live MasterClasses Practice Question Bank Mock Tests & Quizzes Trusted by 3.4 Crore+ Students Which one of the following is the main purpose of research?

  1. to create knowledge
  2. to construct reality
  3. to solve problems
  4. all of the above

Option 2 : to construct reality Research Purpose:

  1. The research purpose is a statement of “why” the study is being conducted, or the goal of the study.
  2. Th e goal of a study might be to identify or describe a concept or to explain or predict a situation or solution to a situation that indicates the type of study to be conducted (Beckingham, 1974).

Therefore, the purpose of the research is to construct reality. Confusion Points

Research facilitates the creation of knowledge as it involves investigation and experimentation. It helps to construct reality by testing hypotheses and generalizing findings. Research conducted to solve any immediate problem of theory or practice at hand is known as applied research. But its main purpose is to construct reality.

India’s #1 Learning Platform Start Complete Exam Preparation Daily Live MasterClasses Practice Question Bank Mock Tests & Quizzes Trusted by 3.4 Crore+ Students Which one of the following statements is not correct?

  1. Any person can do research
  2. Research may be without a hypothesis.
  3. Research requires library facilities
  4. Research is not always systematic

Option 4 : Research is not always systematic Below are the definition of Research:

  1. Best and Kahn, in their book Research in Education, define research “as the systematic and objective analysis and recording of controlled observations that may lead to the development of generalization, principles or theories, resulting in prediction and possibly ultimate control of events.”
  2. Busha in his publication Research Methods in Librarianship says that Research is ” a systematic quest for knowledge that is characterized by disciplined inquiry. An efficient and effective approach to expand knowledge is the conduct of special, planned, and structured investigations.”
  3. According to the Random House Dictionary of the English Language, Research is a systematic inquiry into a subject in order to discover or revise facts, theories, etc.

Thus, research is always systematic.1. Any person can do research : Any person who wants to explore their curiosity and commit to scholarly investigations in an area of interest, pose new questions, or present new ways of thinking about a given issue or topic, is creative and open to making discoveries can do research.2.

Research may be without a hypothesis: An hypothesis is a specific statement of prediction. It describes in concrete (rather than theoretical) terms what you expect will happen in your study. Not all studies have hypotheses. Sometimes a study is designed to be exploratory (inductive research). There is no formal hypothesis, and perhaps the purpose of the study is to explore some areas more thoroughly in order to develop some specific hypothesis or prediction that can be tested in future research.

Descriptive studies don’t need a hypothesis.3. Research requires library facilities: Easy access to high-quality content is a key foundation for good research which is facilitated by libraries. Libraries are a physical manifestation of the values of the academy and of scholarship.
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Is the aim of the study the research question?

Formulating research aim and objectives in an appropriate manner is one of the most important aspects of your thesis. This is because research aim and objectives determine the scope, depth and the overall direction of the research. Research question is the central question of the study that has to be answered on the basis of research findings.

Research aim emphasizes what needs to be achieved within the scope of the research, by the end of the research process. Achievement of research aim provides answer to the research question. Research objectives divide research aim into several parts and address each part separately. Research aim specifies WHAT needs to be studied and research objectives comprise a number of steps that address HOW research aim will be achieved.

As a rule of dumb, there would be one research aim and several research objectives. Achievement of each research objective will lead to the achievement of the research aim. Consider the following as an example: Research title: Effects of organizational culture on business profitability: a case study of Virgin Atlantic Research aim: To assess the effects of Virgin Atlantic organizational culture on business profitability Following research objectives would facilitate the achievement of this aim:

Analyzing the nature of organizational culture at Virgin Atlantic by September 1, 2022 Identifying factors impacting Virgin Atlantic organizational culture by September 16, 2022 Analyzing impacts of Virgin Atlantic organizational culture on employee performances by September 30, 2022 Providing recommendations to Virgin Atlantic strategic level management in terms of increasing the level of effectiveness of organizational culture by October 5, 2022

Figure below illustrates additional examples in formulating research aims and objectives: What Is The Aim Of Research In Education Formulation of research question, aim and objectives Common mistakes in the formulation of research aim relate to the following: 1. Choosing the topic too broadly, This is the most common mistake. For example, a research title of “an analysis of leadership practices” can be classified as too broad because the title fails to answer the following questions: a) Which aspects of leadership practices? Leadership has many aspects such as employee motivation, ethical behaviour, strategic planning, change management etc.

An attempt to cover all of these aspects of organizational leadership within a single research will result in an unfocused and poor work. b) An analysis of leadership practices in which country? Leadership practices tend to be different in various countries due to cross-cultural differences, legislations and a range of other region-specific factors.

Therefore, a study of leadership practices needs to be country-specific. c) Analysis of leadership practices in which company or industry? Similar to the point above, analysis of leadership practices needs to take into account industry-specific and/or company-specific differences, and there is no way to conduct a leadership research that relates to all industries and organizations in an equal manner.

Accordingly, as an example “a study into the impacts of ethical behaviour of a leader on the level of employee motivation in US healthcare sector” would be a more appropriate title than simply “An analysis of leadership practices”.2. Setting an unrealistic aim, Formulation of a research aim that involves in-depth interviews with Apple strategic level management by an undergraduate level student can be specified as a bit over-ambitious.

This is because securing an interview with Apple CEO Tim Cook or members of Apple Board of Directors might not be easy. This is an extreme example of course, but you got the idea. Instead, you may aim to interview the manager of your local Apple store and adopt a more feasible strategy to get your dissertation completed.3.

  1. Choosing research methods incompatible with the timeframe available,
  2. Conducting interviews with 20 sample group members and collecting primary data through 2 focus groups when only three months left until submission of your dissertation can be very difficult, if not impossible.
  3. Accordingly, timeframe available need to be taken into account when formulating research aims and objectives and selecting research methods.

Moreover, research objectives need to be formulated according to SMART principle, where the abbreviation stands for specific, measurable, achievable, realistic, and time-bound.

Ineffective (incomplete) research objectives SMART research objectives
Study employee motivation of Coca-Cola To study the impacts of management practices on the levels of employee motivation at Coca-Cola US by December 5, 2022
Analyze consumer behaviour in catering industry Analyzing changes in consumer behaviour in catering industry in the 21 st century in the UK by March 1, 2022
Recommend Toyota Motor Corporation management on new market entry strategy Formulating recommendations to Toyota Motor Corporation management on the choice of appropriate strategy to enter Vietnam market by June 9, 2022
Analyze the impact of social media marketing on business Assessing impacts of integration of social media into marketing strategy on the level of brand awareness by March 30, 2022
Finding out about time management principles used by Accenture managers Identifying main time-management strategies used by managers of Accenture France by December 1, 2022

Examples of SMART research objectives At the conclusion part of your research project you will need to reflect on the level of achievement of research aims and objectives. In case your research aims and objectives are not fully achieved by the end of the study, you will need to discuss the reasons. My e-book, The Ultimate Guide to Writing a Dissertation in Business Studies: a step by step assistance offers practical assistance to complete a dissertation with minimum or no stress. The e-book covers all stages of writing a dissertation starting from the selection to the research area to submitting the completed version of the work within the deadline. John Dudovskiy
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