What Is Primary And Secondary Education?


What Is Primary And Secondary Education
Organization – Education during childhood and early adulthood is typically provided through either a two- or three-stage system of childhood school, followed by additional stages of higher education or vocational education for those who continue their formal education:

  • Early childhood education at preschool, nursery school, or kindergarten (outside the U.S. and Canada)
  • Primary education at primary school or elementary school, and sometimes in the early years of middle school
  • Secondary education at secondary school or high school, and sometimes in the latter years of middle school
  • Higher education or vocational education

The following table introduces the main concepts, although terms and ages may vary in different places:

Age Educational stage 2-stage system 3-stage system ISCED
3–4 Early childhood education Preschool Preschool 0
5–6 Primary education Primary school Elementary school 1
10–11 Middle school 2
12–13 Secondary education Secondary school
16–17 High school 3

For additional ISCED stages of education, see ISCED,
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What is the difference between primary education and secondary education?

Summary – Primary Education vs Secondary Education – The major distinction between primary and secondary education is that primary education refers to the early stages of formal education following pre-school or kindergarten education, whereas secondary education refers to the final part of formal education following primary education.
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What is the meaning primary education?

This article needs to be updated, Please help update this article to reflect recent events or newly available information. ( October 2016 )

School children in primary education, Chile Total net enrollment rate in primary education, 2015 Primary education or elementary education is typically the first stage of formal education, coming after preschool / kindergarten and before secondary school, Primary education takes place in primary schools, elementary schools, or first schools and middle schools, depending on the location.
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What are primary and secondary schools?

Difference Between Primary School and Secondary School –

Primary School Secondary School
A primary school encourages the children to develop great spoken and writing skills. The focus is made majorly upon English as a medium of communication to prepare the students for higher-level education.
Students from the age of 5 can begin their primary schooling at their choices of best schools. The general age group for secondary school education is 12 years and above.
Primary schools introduce core subjects like science, maths, art, social studies at a very young age so that children get a better understanding of the subjects. Subjects like Science, Arts and Commerce are introduced to the students at secondary level so that students can identify their keen interests and pursue their career in the same.
Students are taught easy learning techniques to cover the valuable syllabus in a short time. The syllabus taught in schools in Pune is subjective and conceptual.
Students bring their own lunch in their funky lunch boxes. Students get a chance to explore the cafes and canteens.
The students learn exam patterns at a young age so that they are well prepared to take the exams. Students need to stick to the exam pattern and answer the examination questions accordingly.
Students are educated about basic behavioral patterns like taking care of their belongings, maintaining the decorum of the class, the importance of teamwork, etc. Students are taught the importance of handling multiple tasks simultaneously with great leadership qualities.

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What is secondary education example?

In the U.S., secondary education, commonly known as high school, typically includes grades 9-12. Secondary education students learn about general subjects, such as English, math and science, and complete elective courses.
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Which class is called primary?

Primary education or elementary education lasts 8 years in India. Pupils aged 6 to 14 complete the following 2 stages: primary stage, grade I-V; upper primary stage, grade VI-VIII.
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Is university called secondary education?

University – A university is a post-secondary educational institution which is authorized to grant degrees. Every university offers Bachelor’s Degree programs, and many also offer Master’s Degree programs and PhD programs.
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Is secondary education means high school?

Secondary Education – Secondary education in the Philippines is also known as high school, and it consists of two levels:

  • Lower Secondary Education (Junior High school): Grades 7 to 10
  • Upper Secondary Education (Senior High school): Grades 11 to 12
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There are different types of junior high school in the Philippines:

  • General secondary school: Consists of four levels mainly based on the American curriculum.
  • Vocational secondary school: Technical and vocational education programme offered by the government and private institutions.
  • *Science secondary schools: Research-orientated and specialised public high school for students with demonstrated maths and sciences skills.

In the new education system in the Philippines, the curriculum gained two additional years, now referred to as Senior High School. It is now compulsory for students to attend Senior High School, wherein the courses have two division:

  • Core curriculum subjects: Consists of 8 learning areas made up of 15 core courses.
  • Track subjects: Further divided into Applied Subjects and Specialisation Subjects. There are 7 Applied Subjects and 9 Specialisation Subjects.

By finishing Senior High School, students graduate equipped with knowledge and skills necessary for Higher Education or employment.
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Why is it called a primary school?

Local Education Authority Development Plans 1945-1966 – Search by county in ED 152 for Local Education Authorities’ (LEAs) development plans for post-war education in their area, as well as plans for future expansion. These were required under the stipulations of the 1944 Education Act.
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Why is it called a secondary school?

What is a Secondary School? – Secondary school refers to the schooling offered after a primary school, and before higher, optional education. Most countries offer part of secondary school as optional schooling in preparation for higher education.
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What age is secondary school?

Secondary education is for students aged 11 to 16. This includes the following school types:

Secondary schools Middle schools Upper schools Special schools University technical colleges

Secondary school types and corresponding school years

School type School years covered
Secondary school Years 7 to 11
Middle school Years 5 to 8
Upper school Years 9 to 11
University technical college Years 9 to 11

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What are subjects in secondary education?

Secondary School Subjects

Subject Grouping Subjects
2. Humanities and Social Sciences Economics Geography History World Literature
3. Sciences Biology Chemistry Physics
4. Mathematics Additional Mathematics Mathematics
5. Professional and Creative Art and Design Computer Science Information and Communication Technology Music

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What is another name for primary education?

Elementary education | Definition, Goals, & Facts elementary education, also called primary education, the first stage traditionally found in formal education, beginning at about age 5 to 7 and ending at about age 11 to 13. In the United Kingdom and some other countries, the term primary is used instead of elementary.

  • In the United States the term primary customarily refers to only the first three years of elementary education—i.e., grades 1 to 3.
  • Elementary education is often preceded by some form of preschool for age 3 to 5 or 6 and is often followed by,
  • Despite the many cultural and political differences among nations, the objectives and curriculum at least of elementary education tend to be similar.

Nearly all nations are officially committed to mass education, which is viewed as eventually including a full elementary education for all. An increasing agreement may therefore be found among nations to the effect that preparation for citizenship is one of the major objectives of elementary education.

In terms of curriculum, this objective suggests an emphasis on reading and skills, skills, and basic social studies and, In the system, children age 6 to 11 attend the école primaire élémentaire, The, which has a decentralized system of education, generally has nursery schools and kindergartens with the elementary schools.

The elementary-secondary sequence overall is 12 years long (not counting a one- or two-year kindergarten), but the subdivision of these years varies, including eight-four or six-six (elementary school and high school), six-three-three (elementary school,, and senior high school), and four-four-four (primary school, middle school, and high school), and some modifications of these patterns.

  • Compulsory education in begins at age 5 and continues to age 16.
  • Formal school attendance begins at age 5, when the child enters the two-year or department.
  • Thereafter students may attend junior school until age 11.
  • Some local authorities, however, have established “first” schools for pupils of ages 5 to 8, 9, or 10 and “middle” schools for various age ranges between ages 8 and 14.

In the elementary school, depending upon the province, may be 8, 7, or 6 years in length. In attendance begins at the age of 6 and extends to 15 in five states and to 16 in Tasmania. As a general rule, elementary and secondary education last six years each.

  • The contemporary school system consists of a three-year kindergarten, a six-year elementary school, a three-year lower secondary school, and a three-year upper secondary school.
  • In each state has a director of public education who, among his other tasks, is responsible for the inculcation of basic education through productive activity and local crafts to all children between the ages of 6 and 14.

In the Indian curricular system, the student may begin an eight-year elementary school at the age of 6 and may possibly move on to a three-year secondary school and a three-year, which the higher scholastic organization. Other national variations of the elementary school offer four- and six-year programs that are followed by a three-year junior secondary or middle school and a three-year secondary school.

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Elementary schools in most nations introduce the child first to the local and then systematically bring him into contact with larger, The way in which this is done, the relative emphasis on factual knowledge, the relative attention to the concept of, and the of pupil involvement in the design of the learning experiences may vary greatly from nation to nation or even between educational systems.

Nevertheless, the principle that a child’s learning should move from the immediate and familiar to the distant and unfamiliar appears to be widely accepted. Get a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content. Great variation therefore exists within nations and internationally regarding such characteristics as the degree of stress placed on textbook learning, the degree of religious and ideological training, and the relationship between teachers and students.

  • It should be noted that in some nations, such as Spain, Ireland, and some Muslim countries, religious and denominational influences control the school systems.
  • In other countries ( e.g., the United States), and other religious bodies maintain elementary, secondary, and higher schools separate from the public-school systems.

Viewed globally, several factors continue to be potent determinants of change in elementary education. One factor is the expansion of enrollments resulting from population growth and an increased public desire for the fruits of schooling. A second factor is the social pressure for equalizing educational opportunity between social classes, ethnic and racial groups, rural and urban populations, and the sexes.

There is a close relationship between the educational provisions of a country and its economic resources. This relationship shows up in such country-to-country comparisons as the percentages of children between the ages of 5 and 14 enrolled in school, the number who begin but soon drop out, the supply and qualifications of teachers, and so on.

In all of these respects, large sections of Africa,, and parts of Asia and the are disadvantaged when compared with most of Europe and with countries such as the United States, Canada, Japan, and Australia. The most critical problem of education in the world’s developing countries is that of providing elementary schooling for all or even most of their children, and the second most critical problem then becomes one of keeping those children in school.

  • The goal of, which is central to elementary education everywhere, is frustrated not only when a small percentage of the people go to school but also when relatively few of those who do advance beyond the first or second grade.
  • In some developing countries, for example, only one or two children out of five who go to school remain there until the fifth grade.

A concentration of enrollment in the first grade or two is characteristic of underdeveloped school systems, partly because of the dropout problem and partly because many of those who stay on fail to meet requirements for promotion to the next grade. Unfortunately, the rapid educational expansion that took place in many developing countries in the second half of the 20th century was offset by equally rapid population growth.

Each year more children go to school, but there are still more to be educated. Consequently, facilities and a supply of well-trained teachers lag far behind the seemingly endless need. An earlier preoccupation with the sheer quantitative problems of providing schooling for all children has been replaced in developed nations with a growing concern for persistent inequities in the quality of schooling provided various segments of the population.

What is Secondary school?, Explain Secondary school, Define Secondary school

Where responsibility for education is decentralized to small local units, the quality of schooling provided from to community often varies profoundly. Wealthy families often become dissociated from the educational needs of the rest of society because their children go to private schools.

Or they join others like themselves in suburbs where their taxes support small classes, ample supplies of learning materials and equipment, and relatively well-paid teachers. The that they left are disadvantaged in the struggle to provide quality schooling for all. In the second half of the 20th century, one of the most vigorously debated educational topics of the United States was whether children of the inner cities did indeed have equal educational opportunity so long as they were cut off, both in and out of school, from association with those more prosperous segments of the population that enjoyed the fruits of high-quality education owing to their greater financial resources.

: Elementary education | Definition, Goals, & Facts
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Is Class 10 primary or secondary?

The Secondary School –

The secondary stage of education covering 2-3 years of academic study starts with classes 8th-10th, consisting of students aged between 14-16 years. The schools that impart education up to 10th class are known as Secondary Schools, High Schools, Senior Schools, etc.

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    What is the difference between primary education and basic education?

    Basic education Whole range of educational activities, taking place in various settings, that aim to meet basic learning needs as defined in the World Declaration on Education for All (Jomtien, Thailand, 1990). According to ISCED standard, basic education comprises primary education (first stage of basic education) and lower secondary education (second stage).
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    Is GCSE primary or secondary?

    Changes in GCSEs in England – In 2015 the exams of the General Certificate of Secondary Education (GCSE) in England were changed. Please note: not in Wales and Northern-Ireland. Changes in GCSEs in England:

      The level of the exams has risen slightly. The exams are being held at the end of the programme (after 2 years) rather than mid-term. The grading system was adapted: A* to G were replaced by figures 9 to 1, with 9 being the highest grade. See also,

    After lower secondary education, students aged 17 to 19 can go to upper secondary education. They conclude it with exams for the General Certificate of Education (GCE) advanced subsidiary levels (AS levels) or advanced level (A levels). In upper secondary education, students can choose from 2 different levels:

    advanced subsidiary levels (AS levels); or advanced levels (A levels).

    AS levels involve approximately half the study hours compared with A levels, In addition, AS level exams are at a lower level than A level exams.

    : 1 year (AS levels), 2 years (A levels). Content: students themselves select their subjects, and also decide how many subjects they want to take exams in. A levels usually involve exams in 3 subjects, because British universities typically require 3 relevant A levels for admission. Diploma: General Certificate of Education (GCE) advanced subsidiary levels (AS levels) or advanced level (A levels).

    The evaluation of a GCE AS levels or GCE A levels will always take into account the results students have attained for both the GCE and the GCSE: We compare the combination of GCSEs and GCE AS levels to a diploma if:

    the GCSE was obtained with an of A* to C or 9 to 4 in at least 4 subjects; the GCE was obtained with an assessment of A* to C for at least 2 AS levels; the 2 AS levels were attained in ; these GCSE and GCE results were obtained in 6 different subjects; and 2 of these 6 different subjects are (preferably) mathematics and English.

    We compare the combination of GCSEs and GCE A levels to a diploma if:

    the GCSE was obtained with an of A* to C or 9 to 4 in at least 4 subjects; the GCE was obtained with an assessment of D or E for at least 2 A levels; the 2 A levels were attained in ; these GCSE and GCE results were obtained in 6 different subjects; and 2 of these 6 different subjects are (preferably) mathematics and English.

    We compare the combination of GCSEs and GCE A levels to a diploma if:

    the GCSE was obtained with an of A* to C or 9 to 4 in at least 3 subjects; the GCE was obtained with an assessment of A* to C for at least 3 A levels in ; these GCSE and GCE results were obtained in 6 different subjects; and 2 of these 6 different subjects are mathematics and English.

    Since 2015, the GCE exams have also been adjusted in England (note: not in Northern Ireland and Wales). The exams of the AS levels were disconnected from the A levels and no longer count towards the A level result. After completing an AS level, it is no longer possible to enrol in the 2nd year of an A level.

    academic subjects vocational subjects skills-based subjects.

    The academic and vocational subjects are relevant subjects because they contribute to admission to higher education. The skills-based subjects, on the other hand, are never ‘relevant subjects’. British universities do not accept these subjects as grounds for admission: they are non-academic subjects, also known as ‘non-preferred subjects’.
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    Is GCSE primary education?

    What GCSEs are – GCSE stands for General Certificate of Secondary Education. They are highly valued by schools, colleges and employers. The qualification mainly involves studying the theory of a subject, together with some investigative work, while some subjects also involve practical work.
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    Is matric primary education?

    Electives – Students usually choose a subject cluster (group) at the beginning of the 1st year (grade 9), which then includes the electives. Common subject clusters are:

    science (exact sciences, such as biology and chemistry); humanities (social sciences, such as civics and economics); technical (technical subjects, such as woodworking and electrical engineering).

    After obtaining the Secondary School Certificate or Matriculation Certificate, students can continue on to upper general secondary education. Or they choose instead. In Pakistan, upper secondary education is also known as higher secondary education or intermediate education.

    : 2 years (grade 11 and grade 12). Content: usually 7 exam subjects (see ‘Upper general secondary education curriculum’ below). Function of the diploma: access to, Diploma: Higher Secondary School Certificate or Intermediate School Certificate.

    We compare the Higher Secondary School Certificate with as final result to at least a diploma. We compare the Intermediate School Certificate with as final result to at least a diploma. Please note: ‘at least a VMBO-T diploma’ means that the qualification has a higher level than a VMBO-T diploma, but a lower level than a HAVO diploma.

    English; Urdu; Islamic studies or civics (for non-Muslims); Pakistan studies (history, geography, politics and culture of Pakistan) ; 3 electives.

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