What Is Food Myths In Physical Education Class 12?


What Is Food Myths In Physical Education Class 12
Food myths mean a legendary story about food with or without a determinable basic of fact or a natural explanation.
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What are food supplements Class 12 physical education?

C. Food Intolerance – Food intolerance is that when a person has difficulty in digesting a particular food. Symtoms : Nausea, Vomiting, Pain in joints, headache and rashes on skin, Diarrhoea, sweating, palpitations, burning sensations on the skin stomach.

  • Food Intolerance means the individual elements of certain foods that can not be properly processed and absorbed by our digestive system.
  • The main cause of food intolerance is the complete absence of enzymes responsible for breaking down or absorbing the food elements.
  • Food intolerance can cause nausea, stomach pain, diarhhoea, vomiting, gas cramps,heartburn, headaches, irritability, etc.

Causes : Absence of activity of enzymes responsible for breaking down the food elements. These are usually innate sometimes diet related or due to illness. Management : Change in diet causing reaction some therapies like fructose intolerance therapy, lactose intolerance therapy, lislamine intolerance therapy can be applied.D.

Food Myths/Dieting Myths 3.6 Sports Nutrition (Fluid & Meal in take, pre, during the post Competition) Nutrition before competition: At least a week before the competition sportsperson should take complex carbohydrate food which usually helps in increasing glycogen store. The fuel for the muscle is usually provided in meals 3-4 days prior to the competition.

The diet should depend on the intensity of the activity. The diet should be rich carbohydrate, low in fat and protein. Two hours before the competition a high carbohydrate energy drink can be considered sufficient. Nutrition during competition: It is important to stay hydrated and maintain sugar level so that sportsperson may not undergo fatigue.

If the duration of the competition is more than 60 mins than ½ to 1 cup carbohydrate drink after 10-20 mins and if the duration is less than 60 mins than carbohydrate drink after every 20-30 mins. Nutrition after competition: After competition it is important to recover properly, so the first preference should be given to replacement of fluid loss and this can be easily done by the intake of water or replacement drink.

Meals after competition should be taken within 2 hours. For best glycogen restoration 100-200 grams of carbohydrate along with lean protein like meat or chicken should be taken. It will help in building, maintaining, and repairing of muscles. Atleat 20 gms of protein is required after completion for complete recovery.
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What is food in physical education?

Physical Education Class 12 Notes Chapter 2 Sports and Nutrition – Balanced Diet and Nutrition A balanced diet is that which contains the proper amount of each nutrient. A balanced diet consists of all essential food constituents i.e. protein, carbohydrates, fats, vitamins and minerals in correct proportion.

Nutrition is the science that deals with food and its uses by the body. Food supplies the energy for every action our body undertakes, from eating bananas to running a race. Food also provides material that our body needs to build and repair its tissues and to regulate the functions of its organs and systems.

The chemicals in food which our body needs and are essential for the growth and replacement of tissues are called nutrients. Macro and Micro Nutrients Macro Nutrients The macro nutrients include carbohydrates, proteins and fats. Carbohydrates Carbohydrates are the main source of energy in all activities that we do.

  • The elements of carbohydrates are carbon, hydrogen and oxygen.
  • Carbohydrates are organic compounds which are important for our digestive process.
  • They require less water in diet.
  • There primary function is to provide energy to the body, especially to the brain and nervous system.
  • There are two main types of carbohydrates i.e.

simple carbohydrates and complex carbohydrates. Proteins Proteins are the basic constituents of our cells. They are large molecules, so they cannot get directly into our blood. So, they turned into amino acid by our digestive system. There are 23 amino acid and only 9 are available in diet.

  • Proteins form tissues, repair the broken tissues, regulate balance of water and oxygen etc.
  • They are body building foods.
  • Foods rich in proteins are eggs, meat, fish and dairy products as well as pulses, nuts and cereals Fats Fats contain hydrogen, carbon and oxygen.
  • These are the most concentrated source of energy in food.

Fats have a very high energy content. Foods rich in fats are butter, oil, sausage, cheese, fish, chocolate, olives and nuts. If we permanently take too little exercise, we become overweight or even ill. Many fats are unhealthy such as trans-fats in deep fried foods.

Micro Nutrients Micro nutrients are vitamins, minerals and secondary plant compounds. Vitamins Vitamins are compounds of carbon which are essential for the normal growth and working of the body. They are required in very small quantities. Many of them can be stored in the body for months or even years but others need to be freshly absorbed every day.

There are two groups of vitamins i.e. fat soluble and water soluble Fat Soluble Vitamins The vitamins that are composed of carbon, hydrogen and oxygen and are soluble in fats such as vitamin A, vitamin D, vitamin E and vitamin K. The fat soluble vitamins are explained below

  • Vitamin A This is essential for normal growth of the body. Deficiency of vitamin A leads to night blindness and also affects the kidneys, nervous system and digestive system. Sources are milk, curd, ghee, egg yolk, fish, tomato, papaya, green vegetables, orange, spinach, carrot and pumpkin.
  • Vitamin D This is essential for the formation of healthy teeth and bones. The presence of this vitamin in the body enables it to absorb calcium and phosphorus. Its deficiency causes rickets, softness of bones and teeth diseases. Sources are egg yolk, fish, sunlight, vegetables, cod liver oil, milk, cream and butter.
  • Vitamin E This is essential in increasing the fertility among men and women as well as proper functioning of adrenal and sex glands. Its deficiency causes weakness in muscles and heart. Sources are green vegetables, sprouts, coconut oil, dry and fresh fruits, milk, meat, butter and maize.
  • Vitamin K This is helpful in the clotting of blood. Its deficiency causes anaemia and blood does not clot easily. Sources are cauliflower, spinach, cabbage, tomato, potato, wheat, egg and meat.

Water Soluble Vitamins The vitamins that are composed of nitrogen, sulphur and are soluble in water such as vitamin B complex, vitamin C.

Vitamin B Complex There are 12 vitamins in this group, some of them are Bj, B2, B3, B6 and B12. They are necessary for growth, proper functioning of heart, liver, kidney and maintains smooth skin. Its deficiency causes Beri-Beri disease. Pellagra and also decreases immunity.

Sources are wheat, milk, nuts, peas, egg yolk and sprouts.

  • Vitamin B, (Thiamin) Vitamin Bt or Thiamin, helps to release energy from foods, promotes normal appetite, and is important in maintaining proper nervous system function.
  • Vitamin B2 (Riboflavin) Riboflavin or Vitamin B2, helps to release energy from foods, promotes good vision, and healthy skin. It also helps to convert the amino acid tryptophan (which makes up protein) into niacin.
  • Vitamin B3 (Niacin) Vitamin B3 or niacin works with other B-complex vitamins to metabolise food and provides energy for the body. Vitamin B3 is involved in energy production, normal enzyme function, digestion, promoting normal appetite, healthy skin and nerves.
  • Vitamin B6 (Pyridoxine) Vitamin B6 is a key factor in protein and glucose metabolism as well as in the formation of haemoglobin. Haemoglobin is a component of red blood cells-it carries oxygen. Vitamin B is also involved in keeping the lymph nodes and thymus gland healthy.
  • Vitamin B12 (Cobalamin) Vitamin B12 is also known as Cobalamin, aids in the building of genetic material, production of normal red blood cells, and maintenance of the nervous system.
  • Vitamin C Vitamin C is also called Ascorbic acid, which is a water-soluble vitamin and cannot be stored in the body. Most plants and animals can produce their own vitamin C but humans cannot. Vitamin C is needed for proper growth, development, and to heal wounds. It is used to make the collagen tissue for healthy teeth, gums, blood vessels and bones. Deficiency of vitamin C causes scurvy.

Minerals Minerals contain elements needed by our body in small quantities. But these are essential for proper growth and functioning of the body. A shortage of minerals can have severe effects on health. For example, a long-term shortage of foods containing iodine in people leads to thyroid gland diseases. Some of the important minerals are mentioned below

  1. Iron It is important for the formation of haemoglobin. Its deficiency leads to anaemia and sources are meat, eggs and dry fruits.
  2. Calcium It is needed for the formation of strong bones, teeth and also for clotting of blood and muscle contraction. Its deficiency causes rickets, asthma and sources are milk, egg yolk, cheese and orange.
  3. Phosphorus It is required for development of strong bones and teeth and also for making energy. Its sources are egg, fish, meat and unpolished rice.
  4. Potassium It is important for growth and keeping cells and blood healthy. Its deficiency weakens the muscles of the body and sources are carrot, beet root, onion, tomato, orange and mango.
  5. Sodium It is needed for the proper functioning of the nervous system. Its sources are milk and milk products, meat and eggs.
  6. Iodine It is essential for proper thyroid function. Its deficiency causes goitre and sources are seafood and salt.
  7. Fluorine It is important to make the enamel (polish) of the teeth hard and prevents dental caries.
  8. Copper It is helpful in red blood cells,connective tissue and nerve fibre formation and functioning.
  9. Zinc It is required for insulin production and also for functioning of male prostate, digestion and metabolism.
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Nutritive and Non-Nutritive Components of Diet Food components whether they are nutritive (providing calories) or non-nutritive (not providing calories) are needed to a multitude of food and beverages. They not only provide a sweet flavour to foods, they are also used to preserve foods (in jams or jellies), provide body bulk and texture (in ice-cream and baked goods), enhance other flavours (like salty) and aid in fermentation (in’breads and pickles).

  1. The nutritive components of diet are proteins, carbohydrates, fats, vitamins and minerals.
  2. Non-nutritive components do not contribute to the energy, calories or nutrition of the body.
  3. Some non-nutritive components are essential for the body while others harm the body.
  4. Colour compounds, flavour compounds, food addictives, plant compound, water, roughage or fibre are some non-nutritive components of diet.

Eating for Weight Control This means eating the right amount of food that contains all the essential nutrients required by the body in proper quantities. Eating too much can lead to obesity and too less can lead to underweight. Therefore eating the right amount will lead to healthy weight.

  • A Healthy Weight The most accurate assessment of your ideal weight takes into account the composition of your body, how much of your weight is lean body mass (muscles and bones) and how much is body fat.
  • For optimum health, body fat should be no more than 20% of total weight for men and 30% for women.

A person is maintaining healthy weight or not, can be checked with the help of BMI Body Mass Index (BMI) is a measure of body fat calculated on the basis of height and weight. This method applies to both adult men and women. To calculate BMI, take the weight in kilograms and divide it by height taken in metres.

Then divide the number once again by height. For example, BMI is to be calculated by using the body mass index formula, for Height = 1.70 m, weight = 70 kg BMI calculation = \(\frac \) \(\frac } =\frac =24.22\) Once the BMI number is determined, the following table is used for determining whether the person is of normal weight, overweight, underweight or obese.

BMI Weight status Below 18.5 Underweight 18.5-24.9 Normal 25.0-29.9 Overweight 30.0 and above Obese From the table, the score 24.22 shows normal weight status. The Pitfalls of Dieting People use various techniques of weight loss such as taking diet pills, fasting, reducing calories consumption, exercise etc.

  1. Eating too Little In dieting people take just 1500-1800 calories per day. But this is not sufficient to meet the daily requirements. This may result in massive weight loss and other related health problems.
  2. More Drinking than Eating In order to reduce calorie consumption, more drinks are taken like sweetened juices, sodas, tea and coffee with sugar. These increase the weight.
  3. Skipping Meals Not taking breakfast, lunch, dinner or proper meals reduces the metabolic rate. Then the body starts conserving energy, the next time it gets food. This also results in more intake of calories in next meal.
  4. Intake of Labelled Foods By taking foods that are labelled as Tow fat, Tow sugar, Tow calories’ may not produce proper results. For example, drinking more tea with sugarfree results in more intake of tea and hence greater calorie consumption.
  5. Not Performing Exercises No exercises reduce the level of metabolism drastically and there is no burning of calories. In that case dieting will not be effective.

Food Intolerance Food intolerance is the intolerance of certain elements in some foods that cannot be properly processed by our digestive system. It is pretty common to have an adverse reaction to a certain food, but in most cases it is an intolerance rather than a true allergy.

  • Usually comes on gradually.
  • May only happen when you eat a lot of a particular food.
  • May only happen if you eat the food often.

Myths about Foods Various food myths are prevailing in India as well as over the world. What, when and how often to eat are questions confusing many people. People believe in these myths because the myths seem credible. However, now that we have advanced scientific knowledge, we can dispel these myths. The most common food related myths which are still prevalent in contemporary society are

  • Potatoes make us fat.
  • Fat-free products help in reducing weight.
  • Avoid eggs because they increase the cholesterol level.
  • Drinking water while eating makes us fat.
  • Don’t consume milk immediately after eating fish.
  • Starve yourself if you want to lose weight.
  • Exercising makes you eat more.

Sports Nutrition Sports nutrition is the study and practice of nutrition, that deals with the nutrition requirement of sportspersons. Sports nutrition plays an important role to attain excellence in sports. The appropriate proportion of vitamins, minerals, carbohydrates, fats, proteins and fibres are essential for the proper nutrition of a sportsperson.

  • As a result of the higher amount of physical activities in sports, athletes require more nutrients to keep the energy level adequate.
  • During a sports training session, an athlete tends to lose a lot of fluids and electrolytes.
  • Fluid loss negatively affects the sports performance of an athlete if not replaced in time.

Thus, it is vital to drink enough water and electrolytes after a training session. Effects of Diet on Performance A proper diet is the intake of appropriate types and adequate amounts of foods and drinks to supply nutrition and energy for the maintenance of body cells, tissues and organs and to support normal growth and development.

  • Age, Sex and Body Surface Area Diet differs from age to age. Youngsters need different types of food both in quality as well as quantity as compared to older people who need diet in less quantity and with lesser fats.
  • Types and Duration of Activity Diet also depends on types of activities that we do and their duration.
  • Eating Habits and Social Customs Eating habits and social customs also affect the diet of an individual.
  • Climate Factors Food varies in different climates, like the diet is different in summers as compared to winters
  • Health Status and Growth If you are in a good state of health then you will have good diet, whereas an unhealthy individual cannot have a similar diet,,

Pre, During and Post-Competition Fluid and Meal Intake Nowadays sportsmen and women follow a controlled diet, particularly on the day of competition. Although diet doesn’t turn poor, athletes into great ones, a proper diet makes the difference between performing poorly and tapping your full potential.

  • sustaining energy
  • boosting
  • performance
  • hydrating the body
  • preserving muscle mass and
  • speeding recovery after competition.

Nutrition Requirement during Competition What you eat or drink during competition, or a training session is important under specific circumstances. Light meals are recommended and carbohydrates should be consumed in gel form. Sports drinks may be useful since they have electrolytes that help speed hydration and recovery.

  • Many endurance athletes prefer to drink water and eat fruit and other foods to supply their energy even on really long runs.
  • If you are exercising intensely for longer than two hours, especially in the heat, do not rely on water alone.
  • This will decrease your performance and your recovery.
  • Use commercial carbohydrate drinks 15-20 minutes before the start of the competition.

The Post-Competition Meal Post-workout nutrition can help you

  • recover
  • re-hydrate
  • refuel
  • build muscle and
  • improve future performance.

Ideally, a large, high-carbohydrate meal should be eaten within two hours of the finish of competition. Bananas and dried fruits are good immediately following a match, as are sandwiches and high-carbohydrate drinks. A main meal severed hours later might consist of bread, pasta, potatoes and rice as well as other simple sugars like cakes, sweets and proteins.

  1. Consume carbohydrates within 15 minutes after the competition is over.
  2. Then within 1-2 hours consume 100-200 gm carbohydrates and 20 gm proteins.
  3. Food Supplements for Children Food supplements, also known as dietary supplements, are nutrients that are added to your diet.
  4. They provide vitamins, minerals, herbs, amino acids, enzymes and other beneficial substances.

Taking a balanced diet regularly will not require the need of taking food supplements. Food supplements are taken by children when they feel that their diet is not proper. Advantages of various food supplements are

  • Supplements can contribute to improve muscular strength, endurance and overall physical performance.
  • Food supplements can also prevent a variety of diseases and health conditions.
  • Protein supplements available as powders, shakes or bars, provide high quality protein to your diet and boost your protein intake.
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Disadvantages of various food supplements are

  • Vitamin A toxicity, for example, can cause liver damage, blurred vision, headaches, bone pain and swelling, drowsiness and nausea.
  • Supplements can also interact with medications which can cause unwanted side effects and decrease the efficacy of the medicine.
  • Fat-soluble vitamins can accumulate in your fat tissue if you regularly take in more than you need.

Precautions which can be taken for food supplements are

  • For optimal benefit, consult your doctor about the right dietary supplements for you. Find out more about the supplement ingredients before you purchase the product.
  • Avoid dietary supplements with megadoses of any ingredient, particularly vitamin A, vitamin D and iron. A megadose is one that exceeds the recommended dietary intake. Although megadoses can be beneficial for the treatment of certain health conditions, they can also cause toxicity symptoms.
  • Finally, stop taking any supplement if you experience an unpleasant side effect and never combine supplements with medication or other supplements without your doctor’s recommendations.

We hope the given CBSE Class 12 Physical Education Notes Chapter 2 Sports and Nutrition will help you. If you have any query regarding NCERT Physical Education Class 12 Notes Chapter 2 Sports and Nutrition, drop a comment below and we will get back to you at the earliest. : Class 12 Physical Education Notes Chapter 2 Sports and Nutrition
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What is function of food in physical education?

Activity 1.3: Find the Foods –

Project skill: Solving a word puzzle to remember the words and foods of the 4 Food Groups.
Life skills:
  1. CommunicatingWorking with others
  2. Recognising self-worth
PencilsCopies of the Find the Foods Handout
Preparation: Ask everyone to bring pencils for use in this activity.

Make enough copies of the Find the Foods Handout so that each group may have one. Introduction 1. Explain that group members will solve a word puzzle to remember the words and foods in the 4 Food Groups. Experience 2. Ask the youth to form small groups of 2 or 3, depending on how many copies of the Find the Foods handout you have.3.

  1. Hold up a copy of Find the Foods handout and read aloud the two paragraphs above the puzzle.
  2. Show them one example of how the words can be found in the puzzle (horizontally, vertically or diagonally) by drawing a line around it.4.
  3. Give a copy of the Find the Foods handout to each group.
  4. If you think it might be helpful, explain the directions again and ask if they have any questions.

Process 5. Let everyone go ahead and find the hidden words, drawing a line around each word.6. Move among the groups and help any that are having difficulty understanding what they should do, but do not solve the puzzle for them. The completed Food Search puzzle should look like the example shown on the right 7. When all the groups have completed the activity, ask everyone to come together again as a whole group. Apply 8. Guide a discussion by asking the following questions:

  • What did you learn from this activity?
  • Describe how you communicated with each other as you did this activity.
  • Could you have improved the way you communicated?
  • How can you use what you have learned from this activity?

Handout: Find the Foods This activity is to learn some nutrition vocabulary words in a fun and easy way. The activity also helps us to learn how to communicate with others in a team as we work to solve the puzzle. Directions: The 4 Food Groups are very important for our bodies to grow and function properly.



  • Notes
  • _ _
  • _
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    What do you mean by balanced diet class 12 physical education?

    A balanced diet is a diet containing all nutrients (carbohydrates, fats, proteins, vitamins, etc.) in the right quantities. A balanced diet helps us in various ways: provides us with important nutrients required for the growth of body. helps us to stay fit and free from diseases.
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    What is food supplement and examples?

    dietary supplement, any vitamin, mineral, herbal product, or other ingestible preparation that is added to the diet to benefit health, Dietary supplements are used worldwide and represent a broad category of ingestible products that are distinguishable from conventional foods and drugs,

    In the United States, dietary supplements are defined as products (other than tobacco ) intended to supplement the diet that contain at least one of the following ingredients: vitamin, mineral, herb or botanical (including extracts of herbs or botanicals), amino acid, metabolite, or any combination thereof.

    In short, products such as multivitamins, garlic tablets, fish oil capsules, probiotics, natural weight-loss aids, and certain types of energy drinks are examples of dietary supplements. In the United States, dietary supplements must be labeled as such and must be intended for oral administration only, whether as tablets, capsules, powders, or liquids.

    In addition, dietary supplements must not include chemical compounds that have been approved as drugs or licensed as biologics, unless the compound was previously marketed as a dietary supplement or a food. Supplements are often sold alongside conventional over-the-counter medications in retail outlets.

    While dietary supplements are not intended to treat, cure, mitigate, or prevent any disease, many consumers often view them as substitutes for conventional medications. More than 50 percent of the U.S. population uses some type of dietary supplement on a regular basis.
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    What are food supplements give example?

    Many adults and children in the United States take one or more vitamins or other dietary supplements, In addition to vitamins, dietary supplements can contain minerals, herbs or other botanicals, amino acids, enzymes, and many other ingredients,
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    What is food answer short answer?

    Food is any nutrient-rich material consumed or absorbed by humans, animals, or plants in order to sustain life and growth. The major sources of food are animals and plants. It is consumed because it provides energy and nourishment and keeps humans and animals healthy.
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    What is food short note?

    This article is about food for all organisms. For food for humans, see Human food, For other uses, see Food (disambiguation), “Foodstuffs” redirects here. For the New Zealand grocery company, see Foodstuffs (company), Food is any substance consumed by an organism for nutritional support. Food is usually of plant, animal, or fungal origin, and contains essential nutrients, such as carbohydrates, fats, proteins, vitamins, or minerals, The substance is ingested by an organism and assimilated by the organism’s cells to provide energy, maintain life, or stimulate growth.

    1. Different species of animals have different feeding behaviours that satisfy the needs of their unique metabolisms, often evolved to fill a specific ecological niche within specific geographical contexts.
    2. Omnivorous humans are highly adaptable and have adapted to obtain food in many different ecosystems.

    The majority of the food energy required is supplied by the industrial food industry, which produces food with intensive agriculture and distributes it through complex food processing and food distribution systems. This system of conventional agriculture relies heavily on fossil fuels, which means that the food and agricultural system is one of the major contributors to climate change, accountable for as much as 37% of total greenhouse gas emissions,
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    What is food definition example?

    Food, substance consisting essentially of protein, carbohydrate, fat, and other nutrients used in the body of an organism to sustain growth and vital processes and to furnish energy. The absorption and utilization of food by the body is fundamental to nutrition and is facilitated by digestion.
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    What are food fads and food fallacies?

    Examples of food fads and food fallacies –

    serving fried and Jollof rice during occasions Children should not eat egg
    The fast food crazy that leads to monotonous feeding Pregnant women should not eat banana
    Using imported low quality baby food instead of high equality locally Pregnant women should not eat snails

    Food and Nutrition 2, Nov/Dec.2007
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    What are the 3 main functions of food?

    video 14.3 There are three important functions of food. The first one is nutrition absorption. The second one is satisfying our psychological needs. The last one is physical adjustments. In this session, I would like to briefly introduce these three functions.

    Nutrition absorption refers to the function of meeting our basic needs. As we all know, our bodies need food to function properly. The nutrients of foods can provide energy to 60 trillion cells in our bodies so we can grow and be active and healthy. In other words, the first function of food is to keep us alive.

    As we are capable of making a comfortable living, we put more focus on how to create a better eating experience.94.6 The mouthfeel, looks, and smell of food play a major role in food selection. And sometimes we are willing to pay more for some food items.

    1. For example, it seems that a chocolate cake with edible gold dust on it can signal the wealth and strength of its consumers.119.5 This is the second function of food: satisfying psychological needs Let’s do a simple test.
    2. What comes to your mind when I say “Black forest gateau”? You might answer “A cake decorated with chocolate shavings and a cherry.” It’s an interesting brain mechanism that when we see a word label “Black forest gateau”, the image of a chocolate cake immediately comes to our mind.

    A simple word label can trigger the pleasantness of food. That’s why food producers put more effort into stimulating consumers’ senses. However, according to epidemiologic studies, these efforts could make foods become superstimulus, which is highly related to some chronic illnesses.195.1 For instance, there are many restaurants near Taipei Medical School, every time I pass by these restaurants, I can smell the aroma of braised pork over rice and other food.

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    The aroma of food attracts people to eat. And while having a meal, sometimes the food is so delicious that we can’t help eating more and then increase excess energy intake. Under the circumstance, if we indulge ourselves in food, according to the epidemiologic studies in the past 50 years, we will be vulnerable to chronic diseases.

    The report of the 10 leading causes of death shows that at least 5 causes are related to our habits, especially our eating habits.262 If you keep eating foods which are sources of the supernormal stimulus, you might end up killing by them. When such an unhealthy diet habit become a common problem these days, 275 the last function of food: physical adjustment, becomes more and more important.

    • People want to figure out whether they can eliminate risk factors by adjusting their diet plan.
    • More and more people pay attention to health preservation.
    • People start to eat nutrient-dense food and even simplify their lifestyle.301.5 This is the last function of food: physical adjustment.
    • By consuming nutrient-dense food, our bodies can produce energy to repair themselves.

    It can prevent us from disease, give us a good complexion and even longer lifespan.325.1 As was stated above, the three functions of food are: nutrition absorption, satisfying psychological needs, and physical adjustment. It’s practically a human instinct that we all want a good living quality and a long life span.

    So when we were acknowledged that eating plays a major role in health preservation, we start to value dietary supplements. So foods claim to promote health become popular nowadays. What benefits does food serve? In this video, Prof. Huang will explain three functions of food. The first one is nutrition absorption.

    Nutrients provide energy to our bodies so we can grow and be active and healthy. In other words, the first function of food is to keep us alive. The second one is satisfying our psychological needs. Since food provides tastes and flavor, food serves a function to affect one’s sense and behavior.

    1. He gives an example of a chocolate cake.
    2. It’s delicious but not a must for the body to survive.
    3. The last function is physical adjustments.
    4. By consuming nutrient-dense food, our bodies can produce energy to repair themselves.
    5. It can prevent us from disease, give us a good complexion and even longer lifespan.

    So when we were acknowledged that eating plays a major role in health preservation, we start to value dietary supplements. So foods claim to promote health become popular nowadays. How do you think that food can affect one’s health and behavior? Can you give some examples? This article is from the free online
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    What are the causes of food intolerance Class 12 physical education?

    Enzyme deficiency : A food intolerance usually means that a person has an enzyme deficiency. Enzymes are substances in the body that enable people to digest food. If a person has an enzyme deficiency, their body cannot digest certain foods properly.
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    What is the full meaning of balance diet?

    Top Definitions Quiz Examples Cultural

    This shows grade level based on the word’s complexity. This shows grade level based on the word’s complexity. noun a diet consisting of the proper quantities and proportions of foods needed to maintain health or growth. QUIZ WILL YOU SAIL OR STUMBLE ON THESE GRAMMAR QUESTIONS? Smoothly step over to these common grammar mistakes that trip many people up.
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    What is the main concept of balance diet?

    Eating a healthy, balanced diet is an important part of maintaining good health, and can help you feel your best. This means eating a wide variety of foods in the right proportions, and consuming the right amount of food and drink to achieve and maintain a healthy body weight.
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    What is food supplement meaning?

    Food supplements are concentrated sources of nutrients (i.e. mineral and vitamins) or other substances with a nutritional or physiological effect that are marketed in “dose” form (e.g. pills, tablets, capsules, liquids in measured doses). A wide range of nutrients and other ingredients might be present in food supplements, including, but not limited to, vitamins, minerals, amino acids, essential fatty acids, fibre and various plants and herbal extracts.

    Food supplements are intended to correct nutritional deficiencies, maintain an adequate intake of certain nutrients, or to support specific physiological functions. They are not medicinal products and as such cannot exert a pharmacological, immunological or metabolic action. Therefore their use is not intended to treat or prevent diseases in humans or to modify physiological functions.

    In the EU, food supplements are regulated as foods. Harmonised legislation regulates the vitamins and minerals, and the substances used as their sources, which can be used in the manufacturing of food supplements. For ingredients other than vitamins and minerals, the European Commission has established harmonised rules to protect consumers against potential health risks and maintains a list of substances which are known or suspected to have adverse effects on health and the use of which is therefore controlled.
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    What are the 5 types of supplements?

    Nowadays, a trip to your local health store can be overwhelming. Even if you know what to look for — and you may not — there are so many options. And every capsule and powder claims to give you healthier joints, help you burn fat quicker, give you stronger lifts, or even help you live longer.

    • However, with a little know-how, you can easily save your money on worthless supps and invest in products that will benefit your life and workouts.
    • The Council for Responsible Nutrition, a Washington D.C.-based trade association that represents supplement manufacturers, states five popular types of supplements: vitamins/minerals, specialty, herbal, sports nutrition, and weight management,

    In this handy guide, we’ll run through each and tell you what you should look for in each, as well as provide some examples.
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    What is the other name of food supplements?

    What are food suplements? – The idea behind food supplements, also called dietary or nutritional supplements, is to deliver nutrients that may not be consumed in sufficient quantities. Food supplements can be vitamins, minerals, amino acids, fatty acids, and other substances delivered in the form of pills, tablets, capsules, liquid, etc.1 Supplements are available in a range of doses, and in different combinations.

    1. However, only a certain amount of each nutrient is needed for our bodies to function, and higher amounts are not necessarily better.
    2. At high doses, some substances may have adverse effects, and may become harmful.
    3. For the reason of safeguarding consumers’ health, supplements can therefore only be legally sold with an appropriate daily dose recommendation, and a warning statement not to exceed that dose.

    Supplement use varies in Europe. For example it is common in Germany and Denmark (43% and 59% of the adult population respectively) but is less so in Ireland and Spain (23% and 9% respectively). Women use supplements more than men.2, 3, 4, 5, 6
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    What is the difference between food and supplements?

    Supplements vs. whole foods – Supplements aren’t intended to replace food. They can’t replicate all of the nutrients and benefits of whole foods, such as fruits and vegetables. Whole foods offer three main benefits over dietary supplements:

    • Greater nutrition. Whole foods are complex, containing a variety of the micronutrients your body needs.
    • Essential fiber. Whole foods, such as whole grains, fruits, vegetables and legumes, provide dietary fiber. Dietary fiber can help reduce the risk of type 2 diabetes, colorectal cancer, stroke and heart disease.
    • Protective substances. Many whole foods contain chemicals that promote health, such as antioxidants — substances that slow down a natural process leading to cell and tissue damage.

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    Why are food supplements used?

    What a food supplement is – A food supplement is defined as ‘any food the purpose of which is to supplement the normal diet and which is a concentrated source of a vitamin or mineral or other substance with a nutritional or physiological effect, alone or in combination and is sold in dose form’.

    vitamins minerals amino acids essential fatty acids fibre various plants and herbal extracts

    Food supplements are intended to correct nutritional deficiencies, maintain an adequate intake of certain nutrients, or to support specific physiological functions. They are not medicinal products and as such cannot exert a pharmacological, immunological or metabolic action.
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    What are the advantages of food supplements Class 12?

    The advantages of Food supplement are :- 1. Food supplements provide the substances to complete diet.2. Food supplements ensure they get the substances and Vitamins in sufficient quantity as per requirements.
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    What is supplements called in simple words?

    1.a. : something that completes or makes an addition. : dietary supplement. : a part added to or issued as a continuation of a book or periodical to correct errors or make additions.
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    What are 3 types of supplements?

    Common supplements include: Vitamins (such as multivitamins or individual vitamins like vitamin D and biotin). Minerals (such as calcium, magnesium, and iron). Botanicals or herbs (such as echinacea and ginger).
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    What called supplements?

    A product that is added to the diet. A nutritional supplement is taken by mouth, and usually contains one or more dietary ingredient (such as vitamin, mineral, herb, amino acid, and enzyme). Also called dietary supplement.
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