What Are The Two Modern Concept Of Physical Education?
The first requisite for national and for individual development is the physical education. There are many- problems that confront physical education and the most important one is the lack of appreciation of the fact on the part of the public in general and the educational authorities in particular.
As a matter of fact our people have been rather slow to recognize that exercise and perspirations are the bye-product of physical education. In some of the progressive countries of the world physical education has been accorded’. High status in education. Unfortunately in our country, no real and effective beginning has been made so far in this direction.
The reason it seems is that, there is no national professional organization worth its name that has interpreted modern physical education. Not understanding the real concept of physical education people still talk about it in terms of drill, physical training, physical culture, sports, gymnastics etc.
- Even the educationists and the educational administrators, who are in the helm of affairs, are totally unmindful of the educative potentialities of physical education.
- Not taking into consideration the substantial contribution that physical education makes towards the education of the child physical, mental, moral, social and emotional; they only take in to account superficially, the one aspect of physical education that is the development of skill in games and sports, merely on winning teams etc.
Once the concept of physical education is correctly, thoroughly and most wholesomely interpreted to the people in general and educational administrators in particular, its other problems would take care of themselves. Modern Concept of Physical Education: Physical education in its modern concept is broader and more meaningful.
There is no doubt that it is conducive to build up organic health but it is helpful in developing mental and emotional health and social qualities that are considered to be desirable by the society. It provides that much of energy which is so very necessary for every person to withstand the wear and tear of the struggle for existence.
Physical education is not confined to some forms of drill and regular exercises, but emphasizes on the physical fitness value. Physical development and mental development are inter-related and go together. Locke emphasized, “A sound mind in a sound body is a short but full description of a happy state in the world’.
Ilpatrick has detained it as “A way of education through motor activity and related experiences and its subject matter is primarily ways of behaving”. The capable and intelligent leadership during play periods can guide and help children to develop desirable way of behaving towards their team mates, opponents, officials, spectators and in regard to the solution of problems that arise during games and intelligent decision based on reason rather than on prejudices and emotions.
According to Modular Commission, “Physical education is not more drill or a series of regulated exercises. It includes all forms of physical activities and games which promote the development of body and mind”, Kothari Commission opined, “Physical education contributes not only to the physical fitness but also to physical efficiency, mental alertness and the development of certain qualities like perseverance, team spirit, leadership, discipline tolerance, obedience to rules, moderation in victory and balance in defeat”.
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- 0.1 What are the 2 main goal of physical education?
- 0.2 What are the two aspects of physical education?
- 1 What are the 2 types of goals in an exercise program?
- 2 What are the 2 aspects of physical development?
- 3 What are the two types of physical development?
- 4 What is the modern definition of physical education?
- 5 What are the types of concept learning?
- 6 What is 21st century education concepts?
What are the concepts of physical education?
Position Physical Education is “education through the physical”. It aims to develop students’ physical competence and knowledge of movement and safety, and their ability to use these to perform in a wide range of activities associated with the development of an active and healthy lifestyle.
- It also develops students’ confidence and generic skills, especially those of collaboration, communication, creativity, critical thinking and aesthetic appreciation.
- These, together with the nurturing of positive values and attitudes in PE, provide a good foundation for students’ lifelong and life-wide learning.
Direction Curriculum development is an on-going improvement process. In the PE KLA, we would
build on strengths to inspire curriculum changes in the light of the new educational trend;
cultivate in students generic skills, positive values and attitudes, in addition to physical competence, for lifelong and life-wide learning; and
encourage schools to make flexible use of time, space, resources and facilities available to enrich their school-based curriculum.
ul> Curriculum Documents What’s New Teacher Education Programmes Collaborative Research & Development (“Seed”) Projects Bulletin Board References & Resources Links Teachers’ Eligibility to Teach PE Contact Us Questions & Answers Healthy Lifestyle – Physical Activities “Active Students, Active People” Campaign
What are the 2 main goal of physical education?
Goals of Physical Education
Goal 1 : Acquire a range of movement skills to participate in a variety of physical activities. Goal 2 : Understand and apply movement concepts, principles and strategies in a range of physical activities. Goal 3 : Demonstrate safe practices during physical and daily activities with respect to themselves, others and the environment. Goal 4 : Display positive personal and social behaviour across different experiences. Goal 5 : Acquire and maintain health-enhancing fitness through regular participation in physical activities. Goal 6 : Enjoy and value the benefits of living a physically active and healthy life.
: Goals of Physical Education
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What are the two aspects of physical education?
Physical fitness can be defined in two categories: health related and motor related.
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What is the old and new concept of physical education?
The old concept of physical education would in all respects mean today as Education through physical activities. newer and modern concept of physical education is that it is. Education through movement.
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What are the 3 concepts of education?
1.1 Concepts of Learning Concepts of learning can be found through a reflection on the mechanisms of how knowledge relates to realities in society. Within an educational framework, there tends to be three core concepts of learning: Constructivism, Bloom’s Taxonomy, and Epistemology.
Throughout these concepts, the roots of the understanding of learning are present in the field of education, but also in other disciplines, including psychology, ethics, philosophy, and science. Constructivism, in some cases, goes as far back as the German philosopher, Immanuel Kant; however, it is Carl Rogers who explains constructivism or constructive learning this way: “Every individual exists in a continually changing world of experience in which he is the center.” Basic conceptualization is that knowledge.
In the beginning, is subjective and constructed from perceptions about our society leading to mutually agreed-upon conventions. Constructivism attempts to strive for meaning, is social, and attempts to develop a personal understanding through reflection, analysis, and a gradual building of layers or depths of knowledge.
The role of constructivism in the framework of the teacher and students is for the teacher to allow the students to reflect on their subjective experiences toward some form of objective learning outcome. Through experience and reflection, students could then obtain a type of significant, or new knowledge that is quantifiably better than previously.
Glasersfeld suggests the notion of radical constructivism in which all learning is constructed, and empirically, all humans organize learning. Glasersfeld’s analysis of this notion suggests that the way learning can be acquired is subjective, but the concept of constructive learning and organization is objective.
Moving forward from construction, how might people organize their knowledge through a constructive model? Consider the cognitive tool of Bloom’s Taxonomy, which uses a set of three hierarchical levels of cognitive, affective, and psychomotor domains, and is one of the most recognized learning theories in the field of education.
Bloom, Engelhart, Furst, Hill, and Krathwohl outline their goal of achieving these models through a biological lens of creating a taxonomy: “the use of the taxonomy as an aid in developing a precise definition and classification of such vaguely defined terms of ‘thinking’ and ‘problem solving’ would enable a group of schools to discern the similarities and differences among the goals of their different instructional programs.” The organization of the hierarchy is developed through a needs-based model and outlines baseline needs for baseline learning, eventually graduating to more focused and succinct objectives of analysis and creation. For the third concept of learning, a foundation, or origin story needs to be understood regarding cognition and constructivism in order to comprehend the nation of knowledge. Epistemology is the rationalization and justification of knowledge, considering all factors of education, life, and society.
This could also be traced back to Plato and his academy, but a more contemporary example would be from the ideas of John Locke, who suggests that knowledge is founded on the grounds of ideas and actions, which provide the innate ability of the human being to understand. Smith, Babich, and Lubrick state that the scientific method of teaching creates an epistemological consensus through a level of empiricism and rationality.
Conceptualizing how people learn considers the epistemology and rational implications of a learning theory, or concept, that determines where the learning is coming from, and what the objective would be for the future. With regard to learning, one factor that stands out is the behaviour of learning.
Alexander, Schallert, and Reynolds conceptualize ‘questioning’ as being a constant dimension of the learning cycle. De Houwer, Barnes-Holmes, and Moors define learning behaviour through changes on the scale of genetic adaptation and environmental changes. Ultimately, learning is engaging and challenging.
In order to understand learning theories and how they can be shaped in the classroom, these ideas need to be combined. Further, understanding how learning can be shaped requires cognizance of these concepts in order to develop a philosophy of teaching and learning.
- Different concepts of learning relate to the way it is being implemented in schools.
- Emily Boudreau, from the Harvard Graduate School of Education, proposed new modes of learning through experiential methods, such as gamifying education, storytelling, and moving the classroom outside of the walls of the school building.
Along with the different concepts, they need to be connected with effective modes of learning. This connects to the organizational hierarchy of Bloom’s Taxonomy which is described below in an interactive video. Use this video to compare your own learning, to the examples presented.
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What are the 2 types of goals in an exercise program?
With the first month of a new calendar year behind us, many people might be losing steam when it comes to sticking to their New Year’s resolutions. Why? Because people either set unrealistic goals that leave them discouraged or fail to hold themselves accountable through tracking their progress, Lindsay Ogden, a NASM-certified personal trainer at the health club chain Life Time, tells Health.
- Specific : The goal is clear and defined. For example, “workout three times a week” rather than “exercise more.”
- Measurable : There’s a way to track your progress, which could be logging the weights you lift or the distance you run each week.
- Attainable : This goal can be feasibly reached within the set time frame. Very few people could train for a marathon in two weeks, but many could over a couple of months.
- Relevant : There’s a “why” driving your motivation to reach the goal. Maybe you want to feel stronger, more flexible, or manage an underlying condition.
- Timely : The goal has a deadline whether it’s four weeks or six months.
Ogden also recommends adding an “E” for emotion : in other words, what will it feel like to achieve the goal? Will you feel more confident? Empowered? “Emotion will make it more real,” she says. If you already have a specific goal in mind, that’s great.
If not, here are 10 fitness goals devised by personal trainers you may want to tackle. Consistency is key for building exercise habits and seeing results, but staying motivated can be tough, especially if you’ve been inactive for a while, Mike Donavanik, an NSCA-certified strength and conditioning specialist and founder of the fitness app Sweat Factor tells Health,
This is why he recommends setting a smaller goal that you know you can stick to, like three workouts a week, You can achieve this by scheduling your sweat sessions in advance—bust out your planner and mark at least 12 days next month that you know you’ll have the time to exercise.
- Then, set phone reminders on those days so you can remember to pack gym clothes or shoes if need be.
- For some added accountability, share your goal with a friend, or better yet, start a challenge to see who can plow through those 12 workouts sooner.
- Once the first month is up, Donavanik says you can reassess and adjust your goal: maybe next month you aim for 16 workouts.
This goal is great for someone who hasn’t exercised in a while and is looking to improve their cardiovascular health, Hannah Clausen, NASM-CPT, director of coaching for Macros Inc tells Health, Building cardiovascular endurance improves bone, heart, and immune health while reducing the risk of heart disease and type 2 diabetes.
While one mile may seem daunting, Clausen suggests focusing initially on shorter distances at first—like ¼ or ½ mile. Then, gradually increase the distance each week by ⅛ mile and track your progress by writing down how long you were able to run without stopping. Rather than worrying about speed, Clausen advises you to maintain an easy, steady pace.
But when you need that little extra push, use mental mini-goals like committing to running one more block, or until the song you’re listening to ends. Since the best exercise is the one you can stick to, try different workouts every month until you find what you enjoy.
Plus, varying your workouts will challenge your body, work new muscles, and build different skills, so you’re more likely to see results, Elizabeth Treese, a NASM-certified Personal Training Manager at Life Time tells Health. To achieve this goal, create a list of different workouts you would like to try, whether it’s yoga, running, kickboxing, or even rebounding (aka trampolining).
Then, look into class schedules at local gyms or fitness boutiques, and schedule ahead of time. As a bonus, many will offer new student or first-class specials. If you would rather stay at home or in the neighborhood, you can also find a local running group or a free trial for an online fitness app.
Unlike other cardiovascular exercises such as running, walking is easier on the joints. Plus, keeping a brisk pace ensures you reap similar health benefits like reduced stress and better immune function, However, achieving a strict 10,000 steps a day may seem daunting. Therefore, try focusing on an average for the month so you can ease some of the pressure because let’s be honest: some days it’s okay to just sit on your couch.
Since daily steps vary from day to day, Clausen recommends scheduling longer walks ahead of time, say, on weekends, or when you know you have a lighter workload. You might also want to keep a pair of sneakers in your work bag, car, or under your desk.
That way, you’re always prepared to squeeze in lunch break strolls. Then, record your daily step totals in a fitness journal or app. You’ll be hard-pressed to find a better exercise for increasing your upper body strength than push-ups, according to Becky Miner, NASM-CPT, a nutrition coach for Macros Inc.
That’s because this simple, classic move engages muscles in your chest, shoulders, abs, and arms all at once. Plus, they require no special equipment and can be done anytime, any place. Therefore, try setting a goal for how many you want to be able to complete after a month or so whether that’s one no-knee push-up or 10.
- Incline push-ups against a stable counter, bench, or chair. The more parallel to the floor you are, the harder this variation will be.
- Knee push-ups : This is just like a regular push-up but your knees are on the floor at a 45-degree angle.
- Combo push-ups: If knee push-ups are a bit too easy, but you still can’t do a traditional one, try starting in the classic position. Then, (slowly) lower yourself all the way to the floor and push back up with your knees on the mat.
Start with whatever modification you can do 10 reps of three sets of, says Treese. Once you increase your rep count to 15, switch to a more challenging version. Once you’re determined to reach a fitness goal, it can be easy to want to push your body every day.
However, rest days are crucial not only because we all need a good Netflix binge, but also because your muscles do, too! These breaks are actually when muscles repair themselves so they can become stronger, Kollins Ezekh, a NASM-certified personal trainer and owner of Mayweather Boxing + Fitness in Los Angeles says.
How many rest days you need depends on you and your training, but as a general rule, Clausen advises allotting two days off a week. If you’re new to an activity (or new to working out in general) you may need even more. “Listen to your body,” says Chris Musser, a certified personal trainer at Crunch West Hollywood,
- When you’re feeling really exhausted or sore after a workout, then plan an extra rest day.
- Exercise tends to release cortisol, a stress hormone, and if you already have a lot of cortisol from other life stressors, you could be wearing your body down even more.” And, if you feel good, you can still incorporate light movement into your rest days like taking a walk or doing some gentle yoga, Treese says.
While stretching may not torch calories or give you six-pack abs, it’s still a crucial component of fitness. In fact, according to the National Academy of Sports Medicine, stretching increases flexibility improves range of motion, and reduces inflammation—all of which help stave off injury.
- The ideal time to lengthen those ligaments and tendons is after a workout when your body is already loosened and warmed up, Musser says.
- Plus, “Stretching offers a nice transition for your body and mind from a workout state back to a resting state,” he adds.
- You should spend about 25% of your workout recovering, according to Ezekh.
So if you’ve allotted one hour for exercise, spend the last 15 minutes stretching. He recommends stretching muscles you specifically worked that day and holding each stretch for 15 to 45 seconds. For example, if you wrapped up a run, stretch your hamstrings by reaching for your toes.
Or, if you’ve just finished an ab-heavy Pilates session, lengthen your abdominals with a cobra or sphinx pose. Just be sure to breathe deeply during your stretch and never push yourself to the point of pain, Ezekh says. Planks are a great full-body exercise that work muscles in your chest, arms, legs, and most famously, your core (aka your abdominal and back muscles).
The importance of a strong core goes beyond aesthetics: it maintains proper posture which reduces back pain and other injuries. While planks may be stationary, that doesn’t mean they aren’t hard. To work your way up to your one-minute goal, hold a plank two to three times a week.
- Start with 20 to 30 seconds and then up the duration by 5-second increments, Ezekh says.
- You can also begin on your knees and work your way up to a plank on your toes.
- Drinking enough water is crucial for preventing dehydration, which can hinder your workout by causing fatigue, dizziness, and even fainting, according to the National Library of Medicine.
That’s why it’s important to drink plenty of water throughout the day, so you’re already hydrated by the time you start sweating out, says the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), How much water a person should drink daily will vary depending on their activity level, diet, body weight, and even the climate of where they live.
- In general, though, men should aim to consume 3.7 liters (or 15.5 cups) of water and women should aim for 2.7 liters (or 11.5 cups), per the US National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine’s guidelines.
- However, those recommendations also include fluids you take in from foods, which is why you don’t have to meet them through water intake alone.
To make sure you’re drinking enough H20, buy a big reusable water bottle you can carry with you and fill it up throughout the day. You may even want to make a goal to finish one liter by a certain time so you’re not guzzling it all right before bed. While running a 5k is a more advanced fitness goal, it’s perfect for someone who may feel more motivated with a race day marked in their calendars.
- It’s also great for those who have always wanted to run a half marathon or marathon, but need to work up their endurance and stamina, Clausen says.
- The key is to give yourself enough time to train: find a race that’s at least 12 weeks out and aim to run three times a week, Clausen says.
- If you can, recruit a running buddy, who can lend a sense of accountability — not to mention, make the experience more social and fun.
If you’re struggling to meet a fitness goal, it’s okay. Instead of beating yourself up, thank your body for all it has helped you accomplish. Then, reassess whether your current goals are realistic for you right now or if they need to be adjusted. “Give yourself a ‘clean slate policy’,” says Treece.
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What are the 2 aspects of physical development?
From sitting up on their own to throwing a ball, children gradually develop the physical skills needed for their adult lives. Physical development includes both growth and the ability to use muscles and body parts for particular skills. Both gross (large muscle movements) and fine (small movements) motor skills contribute to physical development, and children often learn a set of skills by a certain age. Physical development experiences and activities are crucial in the early years and are cited as one of the three prime areas of learning and development in the Early Years Statutory Framework (EYFS), The EYFS states that early education programmes should: “provide opportunities for young children to be active and interactive; and to develop their co-ordination, control, and movement. Children must also be helped to understand the importance of physical activity and to make healthy choices in relation to food.” If you are worried your child is not meeting these developmental milestones by the recommended age, you can engage your child in some physical activities to reach these goals. Step 1 – Determine which developmental milestones you would like to address and are appropriate for your child’s age The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention provide a list of these milestones through age 5 years, and your child’s physician will also have a list. Step 2 – Write down a list of activities that will aid your child’s physical development for each milestone Choose activities that will address more than one skill. For example, playing baseball will increase muscle strength through holding the bat, improve the gross motor skills needed for swinging a bat and develop hand-eye coordination by hitting the ball. Make sure your activities are developmentally appropriate for your child; for example, a 12-month-old child cannot hop on one foot, so don’t use an activity that requires this action. Step 3 – Encourage independence with your child If you go out, don’t let them sit in the stroller, but rather make them walk. If your child is old enough to feed themselves, let them eat finger foods or use a spoon. Step 4 – Engage your child in music and movement activities March to a song with a strong beat to encourage steadier gait. Practice jumping, spinning, hopping, crawling or tiptoeing to a lively tune. Purchase a keyboard or drum and let your child explore the instrument and play along with their favourite songs. Step 5 – Foster fine motor skills through art and tactile experiences If it’s age-appropriate, let your child cut with scissors or grab small pieces of construction paper to glue to a larger sheet of paper. Draw circles and squares to practice the fine motor skills needed for writing. String beads onto a piece of yarn to make a necklace or bracelet. Place pebbles, pearls or plastic objects inside a box of sand and let your child dig through the sand with his fingers to pick up the objects. Step 6 – Play sports and enjoy outdoor activities Try a game of football to aid both coordination and the gross motor movements of the legs. Teach your child to ride a bike or a tricycle when age-appropriate. At CREC, we offer a postgraduate Physical Activity in the Early Years Module that takes a look at the young developing child through the lens of movement, physical activity and sport. Designed to support practitioners to combine their creativity, critical reflection, knowledge and experience in order to improve outcomes for children, develop their own practice and grow as professionals, this module is suitable for anyone working with children from birth to 7 years. To find out more about the course, visit our MA Module page > Physical Activity in Early Childhood Article from Global Post
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What are the two types of physical development?
Physical Development Introduction to physical development Physical development is divided into two areas, growth and development. Growth is the physical changes of, the increase in size, height and weight. Development is how children gain control over their physical actions to do complicated and difficult activities more skilfully and easily.
- Growth and development are linked because the development and improvement of physical skills depends on the size of the child and their muscular strength.
- Physical development will usually follow a sequence even though the age may vary.
- There are factors that can affect this sequence, such as a disability.
Physical development is divided into fine motor skills and gross motor skills. : Physical Development
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What are 2 aspects of physical health?
Physical Health Aspects. Physical health involves many aspects of life such as: sleeping well, eating well, being physically active, having good hygiene, and getting enough relaxation.
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What is the modern concept of basic education?
Modern Education – Modern education is very different from the traditional education. The education which is taught in the schools today is the modern education. Modern education teaches about the skills required today that is the skills of science and technology, science of medical science etc.
- In addition to listening, the modern education includes writing, visualizing, imagining, and thinking skills.
- This type of education also includes written tests to examine if the students are learning properly or not.
- This is done in a very formal way.
- The methodology used for teaching is very interactive.
Modern education is just an evolution of the traditional education which was imparted to the students a few years back.
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What is the modern definition of physical education?
: instruction in the development and care of the body ranging from simple calisthenic exercises to a course of study providing training in hygiene, gymnastics, and the performance and management of athletic games
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What is physical education in modern time?
Physical education makes the immunity of our body stronger and so makes body more beautiful. Man’s body develops very naturally from the prenatal stage to the old age. When this natural development is accompanied with some physical exercises it improves the energy level of the body.
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What are the four concepts of education?
A central argument is that if education is to succeed in its tasks, curriculum as its core should be restructured or repacked around the four pillars of learning: learning to know, learning to do, learning to live together, and learning to be.
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Why are concepts important in education?
What are the benefits of using and thinking about key concepts in teaching and learning? – Key concepts help develop a teacher’s understanding. Thinking carefully about key concepts can help you and your subject department better understand the nature of the discipline you teach and help your learners make progress.
- Ey concepts help develop learners’ understanding.
- Talking about key concepts and their role in planning within a department helps you focus on what is important within your subject and how you will help learners make progress in understanding these things.
- Ey concepts help develop understanding.
- Teaching and planning with key concepts in mind prevents learning being about gathering information.
It helps to develop understanding by offering opportunities to link, review and put knowledge into context (see diagram below). In this way, awareness of key concepts can help deepen learners’ knowledge and understanding. Of course, learners should also be able to apply the skills that are needed to work successfully within a discipline.
Key concepts help to develop powerful knowledge. Powerful knowledge is knowledge that is embedded within a subject and made available to all learners. In the book ‘Knowledge and the Future School’, educationalist Michael Young argues that ‘In acquiring subject knowledge they are joining those ‘communities of specialists’ each with their different histories, traditions and ways of working.’ (Young, 2015.) Access to this powerful knowledge means a student in a physics class should be aiming to think and behave like a physicist, a student in a geography class should be aiming to think and behave like a geographer and so on.
Key concepts help with this because conceptual knowledge, factual knowledge and skills together create a distinct subject discipline through which learners can progress. Key concepts help to connect learning. A key concept will often link one topic to another.
In economics, the key concept of ‘opportunity cost’ links other areas of the curriculum such as production possibility frontier and the theory of comparative advantage. The diagram below (adapted from ‘Approaches to learning and teaching Science’ ) shows the relationship between some factual knowledge and a key concept in biology.
At first, the factual knowledge could seem unrelated to a learner. By keeping the key concept in mind when planning and teaching, it is possible for the learner to make links and put their understanding into context. As their teacher, you have to help learners see these links, as this will not necessarily happen without guidance.
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What is the concept of education system?
An education system comprises everything that goes into educating state-school students at the state, district, or community levels. The education system generally refers to public and private schooling from early years through to secondary school programs. Schools or regional school districts are typically the smallest recognized form of an education system and states are the largest.
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What are the types of concept learning?
Over the years, there have been many theories of concept learning. According to behavioral theories such as Connectionism, Contiguity Theory, or Drive Reduction Theory, concept learning was primarily a function of contiguity and stimulus/response generalization.
Bruner proposed one of the first cognitive theories that involved thinking processes (i.e., hypothesis formation). Hunt (1962) outlined one of the first information processing models that was based on the simple classification of attributes. Merrill & Tennyson (1977) describe a model that focuses on attributes and examples and is based on Merrill’s Component Display Theory,
One of the major goals of this model was to reduce three typical errors in concept formation: overgeneralization, undergeneralization and misconception. Tennyson & Cocchiarella (1986) suggest a model for concept teaching that has three stages: (1) establishing a connection in memory between the concept to be learned and existing knowledge, (2) improving the formation of concepts in terms of relations, and (3) facilitating the development of classification rules.
This model acknowledges the declarative and procedural aspects of cognition (c.f., ACT ). Klausmeier (1974) suggests four levels of concept learning: (1) concrete – recall of critical attributes, (2) identity – recall of examples, (3) classification – generalizing to new examples, and (4) formalization – discriminating new instances.
Categorization has always been a central aspect of concept learning research (e.g., Rosch & Lloyd, 1978). Recent theory tends to include concept acquisition as part of the general reasoning processes involved in both inductive and deductive inferences.
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What is 21st century education concepts?
By Sara Hallerman, Colon Lewis, and Brad Dresbach We’ve all heard the term. Many of us even use it regularly. And we probably all have a gut feeling of what 21st century learning or a 21st century education is. But can we define it? It might be easier to define it by first explaining what a 21st century education is not (or what a 20th century education was—and still is in many places).
A 21st century education is not a bunch of students sitting quietly at desks, in neat rows, writing down every word that the teacher says or writes on the blackboard (or smartboard). It’s not teaching to the test, telling students what they need to memorize to get an A+, assuming every child is or should be on the same path, or measuring schools or teachers solely by average ACT scores and college acceptance rates.
And it’s not something that ends at 3:00 every day, or on Friday of every week, or even in the spring of each year. It’s a lifelong journey. As Dr. Kimberly Pietsch Miller, superintendent of Bexley City Schools (OH), said, “The finish line isn’t May of 12th grade.” Defining and delivering 21st century learning is a little messier than that.
It’s a little more complicated. A little more nuanced. A whole lot harder to assess. And when done correctly, it creates environments in which engaged students are actively shaping their learning. The role of educators in the 21st century should be helping every student learn how to learn. It’s inspiring creativity, encouraging collaboration, expecting and rewarding critical thinking, and teaching children not only how to communicate, but also the power of effective communication,
These are skills students need to develop in order to thrive in today’s and tomorrow’s dynamic workplace. To be clear, we’re not suggesting children no longer need the 3Rs, or STEM classes, or technical training for a vocational path. We’re simply saying that those things alone aren’t enough. And to do that, we need to look at everything in our school systems. What is necessary and unnecessary? Which aspects are developing skills that students can take with them for the rest of their lives, versus facts they need to know for the test? How are we intentionally developing competencies and skills we want our students to be able to build upon after graduation? At Battelle for Kids, we offer a number of resources to help deliver a 21st century education.
A Portrait of a Graduate Our national EdLeader21 network and statewide SOAR networks for visionary educational leaders The P21 network for businesses, organizations, and associations collaborating to accelerate 21st century learning
However, these resources and networks are only truly useful when all the educators, school leaders, district leaders, school board members, teachers, community members, and students have a shared understanding of what a 21st century education is, and more importantly, why providing and getting one is so crucial to the success of your school, your students, your community, our country, and our planet.
- So, what is a 21st century education? To a certain extent, it can’t be fully defined because it is constantly changing.
- But we do know a few things.
- A 21st century education is one that responds to the economical, technological, and societal shifts that are happening at an ever-increasing pace.
- It’s an education that sets children up to succeed in a world where more than half of the jobs they’ll have over their careers don’t even exist yet.
In short, it’s an education that provides students with the skills and competencies they need to thrive in the 21st century. Untitled Document Sara Hallerman Senior Director, EdLeader21, a Network of Battelle for Kids Colon Lewis, EdD Senior Director, Battelle for Kids Brad Dresbach Director, Battelle for Kids
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What are the 6 key concepts?
In History the key concepts are sources, evidence, continuity and change, cause and effect, significance, perspectives, empathy and contestability.
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What are the 5 concepts of physical activity?
There are five components of physical fitness: (1) body composition, (2) flexibility, (3) muscular strength, (4) muscular endurance, and (5) cardiorespiratory endurance. A well-balanced exercise program should include activities that address all of the health-related components of fitness.
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What are the 7 concepts of physical fitness?
JERRY Diaz, a certified National Academy of Sports Medicine personal trainer, said there are seven principles of exercise: individuality, specificity, progression, overload, adaptation, recovery, and reversibility. First on the list is individuality. According to North Carolina triathlon and swim coach Marty Gaal, everyone responds differently to training.
- Some are able to handle higher capacity training while others may respond better to higher intensity.
- Next on the list is specificity.
- Gaal said to improve one’s ability with any fitness goal, one must be very specific.
- To become a great pitcher, for example, running laps will help the person’s overall conditioning, but they will not develop the throwing skills or the power and muscular endurance required to execute a fastball 50 times in a game, Gaal added.
As for progression, it means that one must start from the bottom. For example, before you can swim the 500 freestyle, you must first build muscular endurance and learn to repeat the necessary motions, Gaal said. Overload is another principle of exercise.
- In order to increase strength and endurance, Gaal said you must add new resistance or time/intensity to your training session.
- He added that this principle works with progression.
- To run a 10-kilometer run, for example, athletes need to build up distance over repeated sessions in a reasonable manner in order to improve muscle adaptation as well as acquire strength/resiliency.
But it is also important to keep in mind that any demanding exercise attempted too soon could lead to injuries, Gaal said. Fifth on the list is adaptation. Over time, the body will become familiar to an exercise at a given level. This will result in less effort and less muscle breakdown.
Gaal said this is why a person who runs two miles for the first time will feel sore, but with adaptation, running the same distance will feel like a warm-up before the main workout. He said in order for the body to adapt, one needs to change the stimulus through higher intensity or longer durations. Then there’s recovery.
“The body cannot repair itself without rest and time to recover,” Gaal said. “Both short periods like hours between multiple sessions in a day and longer periods like days or weeks to recover from a long season are necessary to ensure your body does not suffer from exhaustion or overuse injuries.” As for reversibility, Gaal said when a person discontinues or stops performing a particular exercise such as running five miles or bench pressing 150 pounds 10 times, he or she will lose the ability to successfully complete that exercise again.
- The muscles will atrophy and the cellular adaptations will reverse.
- According to Gaal, you can slow this rate of loss substantially by conducting a maintenance/reduced program of training during periods when life gets in the way.
- Diaz said one must learn how to apply these principles to get a better understanding of one’s body and how to achieve success.
For professional fitness nutrition inquiries, contact Jerry Diaz through Instagram at @BBJ_Athletics or Facebook.
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What is the Concept of physical education essay?
Long Essay on Physical Education 500 Words in English – Long Essay on Physical Education is usually given to classes 7, 8, 9, and 10. In modern times, it is widely known that exercising regularly keeps one away from diseases and chronic illness. Therefore, the majority of the schools have included physical education in their curriculum.
- Besides, physical education has been given huge importance in schools and colleges to promote the stability of health and mind of the students.
- Physical education involves training the body for enhanced development of the body and mind.
- Physical activities are useful for individuals to improve their motor and cognitive skills through frequent and vigorous exercises, activities, athletics, and so on.
Witnessing the numerous advantages of physical education on the human body and its influence on people’s lives, it is tough to ignore its importance. Physical education assists the students in learning the importance of having a stable body and mind. The students also learn the benefits of frequent fitness exercises in their everyday schedule.
Since it results in a cheerful and excited mood, it is quite helpful for the children to stay fit, build strength in their muscles and enhance their stamina. Several types of research show that the confidence level of the students involved in everyday physical activities is high. Participating regularly in sports, either team or solo can be beneficial for the growth of an individual’s character.
Physical education acts as a motivation that drives students to take part in such activities and enjoy winning. It also teaches the students to take losses optimistically. Thus, leading to the progression of the entire personality and character of an individual.
- By encouraging the students to take part in several activities like sports, most team sports, physical education helps them improve their team skills.
- The students realize the advantage and importance of working as a part of the team.
- It also teaches them how to work cooperatively to obtain a specific objective.
Therefore, this helps to offer the students with better communication skills and the skill to mix up with people easily. Besides, it is known that the addition of physical education in schools has helped to bring out emotionally stability in students.
- So, the physical education instructors can play a vital role in helping the students to make up accurate decisions in life by pushing them towards a healthy routine.
- Several decisions taken up by the students in their early times tend to make a huge difference in their future or health emotionally.
- Physical education helps people to acquire a higher level of understanding regarding several aspects of one’s health.
In the present world, the increase in the rates of diseases likes, bulimia, anaemia, obesity, diabetes, etc. are high amongst the younger generation. Therefore, students learn to adopt a better diet through physical education. They learn to add nutrients and healthy foods in their diet rather than junk foods.
- Since through physical education, the students learn the demerits of unhealthy foods and their harmful effects.
- The importance of cleanliness and hygiene is also highlighted through physical education.
- The students get to learn about the health benefits that they can achieve through proper personal hygiene.
It also helps the students relax and learn to relieve excess stress.
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What is the Concept of physical education class 11?
According to the Central Advisory Board of Physical Education and Recreation, ‘Physical education is the process of education through physical activities. It is the development of the total personality of the child to its fullness and perfection in body, mind and spirit.’
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