Education System In India Consists Of How Many Levels?
The School System – India is divided into 28 states and 7 so-called “Union Territories”. The states have their own elected governments while the Union Territories are ruled directly by the Government of India, with the President of India appointing an administrator for each Union Territory.
As per the constitution of India, school education was originally a state subject —that is, the states had complete authority on deciding policies and implementing them. The role of the Government of India (GoI) was limited to coordination and deciding on the standards of higher education. This was changed with a constitutional amendment in 1976 so that education now comes in the so-called concurrent list,
That is, school education policies and programmes are suggested at the national level by the GoI though the state governments have a lot of freedom in implementing programmes. Policies are announced at the national level periodically. The Central Advisory Board of Education (CABE), set up in 1935, continues to play a lead role in the evolution and monitoring of educational policies and programmes.
There is a national organization that plays a key role in developing policies and programmes, called the National Council for Educational Research and Training (NCERT) that prepares a National Curriculum Framework. Each state has its counterpart called the State Council for Educational Research and Training (SCERT).
These are the bodies that essentially propose educational strategies, curricula, pedagogical schemes and evaluation methodologies to the states’ departments of education. The SCERTs generally follow guidelines established by the NCERT. But the states have considerable freedom in implementing the education system.
The National Policy on Education, 1986 and the Programme of Action (POA) 1992 envisaged free and compulsory education of satisfactory quality for all children below 14 years before the 21st Century. The government committed to earmark 6% of the Gross Domestic Product (GDP) for education, half of which would be spent on primary education.
The expenditure on Education as a percentage of GDP also rose from 0.7 per cent in 1951-52 to about 3.6 per cent in 1997-98. The school system in India has four levels: lower primary (age 6 to 10), upper primary (11 and 12), high (13 to 15) and higher secondary (17 and 18).
- The lower primary school is divided into five “standards”, upper primary school into two, high school into three and higher secondary into two.
- Students have to learn a common curriculum largely (except for regional changes in mother tongue) till the end of high school.
- There is some amount of specialization possible at the higher secondary level.
Students throughout the country have to learn three languages (namely, English, Hindi and their mother tongue) except in regions where Hindi is the mother tongue and in some streams as discussed below. There are mainly three streams in school education in India.
- Two of these are coordinated at the national level, of which one is under the Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) and was originally meant for children of central government employees who are periodically transferred and may have to move to any place in the country.
- A number of “central schools” (named Kendriya Vidyalayas) have been established for the purpose in all main urban areas in the country, and they follow a common schedule so that a student going from one school to another on a particular day will hardly see any difference in what is being taught.
One subject (Social Studies, consisting of History, Geography and Civics) is always taught in Hindi, and other subjects in English, in these schools. Kendriya Vidyalayas admit other children also if seats are available. All of them follow textbooks written and published by the NCERT.
- In addition to these government-run schools, a number of private schools in the country follow the CBSE syllabus though they may use different text books and follow different teaching schedules.
- They have a certain amount of freedom in what they teach in lower classes.
- The CBSE also has 141 affiliated schools in 21 other countries mainly catering to the needs of the Indian population there.
The second central scheme is the Indian Certificate of Secondary Education (ICSE). It seems that this was started as a replacement for the Cambridge School Certificate. The idea was mooted in a conference held in 1952 under the Chairmanship of Maulana Abul Kalam Azad, the then Minister for Education.
The main purpose of the conference was to consider the replacement of the overseas Cambridge School Certificate Examination by an All India Examination. In October 1956 at the meeting of the Inter-State Board for Anglo-Indian Education, a proposal was adopted for the setting up of an Indian Council to administer the University of Cambridge, Local Examinations Syndicate’s Examination in India and to advise the Syndicate on the best way to adapt its examination to the needs of the country.
The inaugural meeting of the Council was held on 3rd November, 1958. In December 1967, the Council was registered as a Society under the Societies Registration Act, 1860. The Council was listed in the Delhi School Education Act 1973, as a body conducting public examinations.
Now a large number of schools across the country are affiliated to this Council. All these are private schools and generally cater to children from wealthy families. Both the CBSE and the ICSE council conduct their own examinations in schools across the country that are affiliated to them at the end of 10 years of schooling (after high school) and again at the end of 12 years (after higher secondary).
Admission to the 11th class is normally based on the performance in this all-India examination. Since this puts a lot of pressure on the child to perform well, there have been suggestions to remove the examination at the end of 10 years.
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- 1 What is 10 2 3 2 system of education?
- 2 What are three levels of education?
- 3 What are class 1 to 5 called?
- 4 What is the highest level of education?
How many levels of education are there?
For the stages of educational knowledge expected of students at various ages in England, Wales, Northern Ireland and Gibraltar, see Key Stage, Educational stages are subdivisions of formal learning, typically covering early childhood education, primary education, secondary education and tertiary education,
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What is a level in education in India?
University of Cambridge General Certificate of Education (GCE) ‘A’ Levels / Edexcel GCE ‘A’ Levels and Other GCE ‘A’ Level Examinations conducted by Cambridge International Examinations / British Examining Bodies
International General Certificate of Secondary Education (IGCSE) or General Certificate of Secondary Education (GCSE) or GCE ‘O’ Levels (11 years of schooling), equated to the 10 th grade of an Indian Board Advanced Subsidiary (AS) Level (12 years of schooling), equated to the 11 th grade of an Indian Board GCE ‘A’ Levels (13 years of schooling), equated to the 12 th grade of an Indian Board
Eligibility Requirements Candidate seeking admission to the Undergraduate (UG) courses offered at Manipal Academy of Higher Education (MAHE) should have completed
Minimum 5 (Five) passes at IGCSE / GCSE / GCE ‘O’ Levels including English and minimum 2 / 3 (Two / Three) passes at GCE Advanced Level (‘A’ Levels) Should meet the subject-wise eligibility as laid down by the respective statutory bodies / councils / university Minimum 3 (Three) passes in the GCE ‘A’ Levels in case of Professional Courses / Programs (like Medical, Dental, Engineering, Pharmacy, Architecture, Nursing etc.) Candidate intending to join the medical / dental programs are required to have studied the subject of English at the ‘AS’ Level Candidates applying for MBBS, BDS, BSc Nursing and BArch courses to obtain the Equivalence Certificate from Association of Indian Universities (AIU), New Delhi Candidates applying for B Tech, in addition to the ‘A’ Level scores should submit SAT II subject scores
Grades converted to Marks
|80 – 89
|70 – 79
|60 – 69
|50 – 59
|40 – 49
What is 10 2 3 2 system of education?
The first 10 years is further subdivided into 8 years of elementary education (5 years Primary School and 3 years Middle School), 2 years of Secondary education followed by 2 years of Higher Secondary Schools or Junior colleges.
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What are three levels of education?
The benefit of our approach is that human capital stock is decomposed according to the level of achieved education (primary, secondary and tertiary).
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What are class 1 to 5 called?
The Primary School Programme at Dhirubhai Ambani International School comprises of Lower and Upper Kindergarten (LKG and UKG) years and Classes I to IV. The Middle School Programme covers Classes V to VII. In classes LKG to VII, the School follows an integrated curriculum, drawing on the programmes of the Council for the Indian School Certificate Examinations and international examination boards.
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What is class 1 to 10 called?
Levels or Stages of Education in India today Education in India follows a uniform structure of school education which is known as the 10+2 system. This system is being followed by all Indian States and Union Territories. But not all of them follow a distinct pattern as per the system.1.
Pre Primary Stage – Pre primary education in India is provided to children between 3–6 years by Kindergarten, Playway or Play Schools. These schools have varying terminology for different levels of classes, beginning from – Pre-Nursery, Nursery, KG, LKG (Lower Kindergarten) and UKG (Upper Kindergarten).
Most of the pre-primary education in India is provided by private schools.2. The Primary Stage – Primary education in India offered by both private and government schools usually consist of students aged between 5 to 12 years. The duration of study in this stage is 4-5 years.
- Common subjects include English, Hindi, Mathematics, Environmental Science and General Knowledge.
- Sometimes also termed as Elementary Education, it is free in government schools but it is paid in the private schools.
- The Government has made elementary education compulsory for children between the age group of years 6 and 14.
Most of the primary education provided by primary schools in India is imparted from class 1 st to class 4 th or 5 th, Some of the states/UTs which follow 1 st to 5 th class of primary education are Andhra Pradesh, Arunachal Pradesh, Bihar, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Madhya Pradesh, Manipur, Orissa, Punjab, Chandigarh, Delhi, Karaikal and Yanam regions of Pondicherry etc.
Some of the states/UTs which follow 1 st to 4 th classes of primary education are Assam, Goa, Gujarat, Karnataka, Kerala, Maharashtra, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland, Dadra & Nagar Haveli, Daman & Diu, Lakshadweep and Mahe region of Pondicherry 3) The Middle Stage – Middle stage of education covering 3-4 years of academic study is formed by 5 th -8 th class consisting of students aged between 12 to 14 years.
The schools which impart education up till 8 th class are known with various names like – High School, Senior School. Some of the states/UTs which follow 5 th -7 th class of middle stage are Assam, Goa, Gujarat, Karnataka, Kerala, Dadra & Nagar Haveli, Daman & Diu, Lakshadweep etc.
Some of the states/UTs which follow 6 th -8 th class of middle stage are Arunachal Pradesh, Haryana, Madhya Pradesh, Punjab, Andaman & Nicobar Islands, Chandigarh, Delhi etc.4) The Secondary Stage – Secondary Stage of education covering 2-3 years of academic study starts with classes 8 th -10 th, consisting of students aged between 14-16 years.
The schools which impart education up till 10 th class are known as Secondary Schools, High Schools, Senior Schools etc. Some of the states/UTs which follow 8 th -10 th class of secondary stage are Goa, Gujarat, Karnataka, Kerala, Dadra & Nagar Haveli, Daman & Diu, Lakshadweep etc.
Some of the states/UTs which follow 9 th -10 th class of secondary stage are Punjab, Rajasthan, Sikkim, Tamil Nadu, Andaman & Nicobar Islands, Chandigarh, Delhi, Karaikal region of Pondicherry etc.5) Senior Secondary Stage – Senior Secondary Education in India is of only 2 years. There is uniformity on this level of education in terms of duration and classes i.e.
all the States/UTs follow this 10+2 pattern. Senior Secondary Schools in India include classes 11 th to 12 th, consisting students aged between 16-18 years. At this level of education students have the freedom to choose their preferred stream and subjects.
They can pursue Arts, Commerce, Science (medical & non medical). The schools which provide education up till 12 th class are commonly known as Senior Secondary Schools or Higher Secondary Schools. Some universities and colleges also offer the education of these classes.6) Undergraduate Stage – Undergraduate education in India is of 3-4 years.
Undergraduate stage of education is also known as higher education in India. Students studying in this level, generally begin their education from 18 onwards. As per one estimate 88% of undergraduate education is provided by Colleges in India. Majority of the undergraduate courses of 3 years duration belong to field of arts, humanities, science etc.
and majority of 4 years of duration belong to the field of agriculture, engineering, pharmaceutical sciences technology. However, there are courses belonging to fields of architecture, law and medicine whose duration is 5 years.7) Postgraduate Stage – Postgraduate education in India is of 2-3 years. Postgraduate stages of courses are known as Masters courses or Doctorate courses.
Masters course are usually of 2 years duration and doctorate (research) courses are of 3 years duration. Also referred as higher education, 56% of post-graduate education is imparted through colleges. PG education in India is largely provided by universities in India.
- PG education caters largely to a specific field or sub field of any preferred discipline.
- Thus, one can specialise in any of preferred subjects at this level.
- Those who are interested in conducting large amount of research work pursue these courses.
- Adult Education in India – Adult Education in India comes under the purview of the Department of School Education and Literacy.
The Bureau of Adult Education and National Literacy Mission under the Department functions as the Secretariat of the, National Literacy Mission was set up on 5th May,1988 to impart a new sense of urgency and seriousness to adult education. The Directorate of Adult Education provides necessary technical and resource support to the NLMA.
Distance Education in India – Distance education provided by institutes is controlled by the Distance Education Council of India. Distance education is helpful to those who cannot join regular schools or colleges. At the school level, National Institute of Open Schooling offers education through distance learning.
While, at the college or university level, Open universities provides distance education. Distance education can also be pursued online via internet. Some like the Birla Institute of Technology and Science (BITS) provides online education through – BITS Virtual University.
- Homeschooling in India – Homeschooling isn’t widespread in India and neither it is widely accepted.
- This type of alternative education It is considered for handicapped or those who are unable to attend regular school due to various factors.
- While some use Montessori method, Unschooling, Radical Unschooling, Waldorf education or School-at-home.
Others prefer CBSE, NIOS or NOS and IGCSE prescribed syllabus. : Levels or Stages of Education in India today
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What are the 2 levels of education?
Level 1 – Primary education or first stage of basic education. Level 2 – Lower secondary or second stage of basic education.
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What is the highest level of education?
When it comes to planning for college and your educational future, it’s important to consider all the steps between you and your goals. Chief among these is the depth of knowledge you’d like to attain on a given subject. Are you looking to lay the basic groundwork or forge new ideas in your field? How you answer that question can largely determine the degree or degrees you choose to pursue.
- Associate degree
- Bachelor’s degree
- Master’s degree
- Doctoral degree
It’s important to think of college degrees in order for a few reasons. For starters, knowledge for a bachelor’s degree differs dramatically from what’s required for a doctoral degree. By moving through the degrees in order, you leverage previous academic knowledge to address new challenges.
Prior education can form a strong foundation for future learning. It’s also important to consider the different time and financial requirements of each degree type, as well as a given degree’s impact on your career prospects. You might, for example, research what education is typically required for a position in your desired field.
This can help you figure out the level of education you need to earn to reach your goals. Whether looking to move on to a bachelor’s degree or join the workforce right away, many students take advantage of the flexibility and affordability of an associate degree.
Associate degrees are beyond a high school diploma but short of a bachelor’s degree. In terms of coursework, they tend to take about 60 credit hours per semester or two years for students to complete. (Curious to learn more? Read ” How long does it take to get an associate degree? ” on our blog!) Associate of Arts (AA) and Associate of Science (AS) Both AA and AS degrees provide a strong entry point into a field of study.
They often serve to help students transfer their education into a bachelor’s degree to further their studies and enter the workforce. Examples include:
- Business Fundamentals
- Criminal Justice
Associate of Applied Arts (AAA) and Associate of Applied Science (AAS) AAA and AAS degrees are similar to the other associate degrees but tend to incorporate a more hands-on experience in the classroom. If you’re looking for work, chances are you’ve noticed that a common prerequisite for employment in many fields is the completion of a bachelor’s degree program.
- With this degree, you demonstrate a strong, foundational level of know-how related to your field.
- A bachelor’s degree is one of the most commonly required degrees for employment, but that doesn’t mean it’s easy to achieve.
- A bachelor’s degree will likely take about four years to complete.
- In that time, students take a deep dive into their field of study, often undergoing several semesters’ worth of courses that include lectures, examinations and hands-on experience.
In a traditional four-year bachelor’s degree program, students take general education classes primarily during their first two years of schooling. These classes are meant to give students a broad base of knowledge outside their particular specialization.
- Many students choose to start getting their general education requirements out of the way by taking these classes at a community college.
- They can then transfer those credits when matriculating at a college or university.
- Bachelor of Arts (BA) A BA represents the completion of an undergraduate program that focuses on a discipline in the arts or humanities.
What distinguishes a BA from other types of bachelor’s degrees is that it tends to emphasize each student’s exploration of a given subject. While a BA program has many required classes, students pursuing a BA tend to have more leeway as to how they plan and complete their studies.
- Creative writing
Bachelor of Science (BS) As opposed to the more philosophical nature of a BA that focuses on the humanities, a Bachelor of Science degree tends to focus more on science and math. While some subjects can be studied in both BA and BS programs, the latter will likely focus more on a singular path of study with less emphasis on courses in other subjects.
If you have a specific academic focus in mind and aren’t as interested in learning about other liberal arts subjects, then a BS program may be more aligned with your goals. These programs tend to home in on the practical application of a course of study, which can help you when you enter the workforce.
- Business administration
- Health management
Bachelor of Fine Arts (BFA) A BFA is a specific kind of bachelor’s degree pursued by students in the arts, particularly performing arts, visual arts and music. What distinguishes BFA programs from BA programs? A BFA tends to include more hands-on work in a studio setting and less emphasis on examinations and lectures.
Wondering what comes after you graduate with a bachelor’s degree? While many students stop after they earn an undergraduate degree, other graduates — motivated by employment requirements or simply a curious mind — opt to go back to college to go further with their subject of choice. Typically, master’s programs take about 30 to 60 semester credits or about two to three years to complete.
Some master’s programs are shorter and can be earned in a year, depending on the college. Regardless of which program you choose, it should be noted that a bachelor’s degree in a relevant field of study is almost always a prerequisite to pursuing a master’s degree.
- Classes in a master’s program are more rigorous than in a bachelor’s degree program.
- These classes build upon the knowledge gained during a bachelor’s degree program and introduce students to more specialized and distinct subjects in their field of study.
- The class sizes tend to run on the smaller side compared with undergraduate classes, and they might emphasize group discussions over lectures and require a capstone or thesis project.
Three common types of master’s degrees are:
- Master of Arts (MA)
- Master of Science (MS)
- Master of Fine Arts (MFA)
For brevity, we won’t break down the differences between the types of master’s degrees, but the distinction is essentially the same as those between the bachelor’s degrees. An MA tends to focus on subjects in the arts, while an MS focuses on a scientific subject and its practical applications. In addition to those listed above, here are more types of master’s degrees:
- Master of Business Administration (MBA)
- Master of Library Science (MLS)
- Master of Public Administration (MPA)
- Master of Public Health (MPH)
- Master of Social Work (MSW)
- Master of Laws (LLM)
- Master of Arts in Liberal Studies (MLS)
- Master of Music (MM)
- Master of Education (MEd)
- Master of Engineering (MEng)
- Master of Architecture (MArch)
Each of these degrees represents a specialization within a field, whether that be an MPH for public health or an MSW for social work. While the curriculum, rigor and requirements of each master’s program differ, they commonly require a bachelor’s degree in the field of study, or a related field.
In addition, some programs require professional experience in the given field. The top of the academic degree hierarchy, a doctoral degree represents the most in-depth education within a discipline. Upon completion of a rigorous program, doctoral students are designated as authoritative experts in their field.
Completing a doctoral program isn’t just a feather in your cap. Doctoral graduates in 2020 had lower unemployment rates and higher median weekly earnings than individuals with less education. As the level of attainment is so high, doctoral degree programs expect a lot from prospective students.
- Most doctoral programs require the achievement of a bachelor’s degree and master’s degree.
- Upon entering a doctoral program, students face a difficult but rewarding curriculum in their subject before culminating their studies with a dissertation or an applied project in the case of a practitioner doctoral degree (like those offered at University of Phoenix).
A dissertation is at the heart of any doctoral program. A final project of sorts, a dissertation requires doctoral students to conduct research, present their conclusions to faculty in their program, and defend those conclusions. This process can take months, and many doctoral students fail to complete their degree precisely because of how difficult dissertations are.
- For those who do successfully complete their dissertation, however, they are rewarded with a doctoral degree, as well as the honorific title of “doctor.” Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) The most commonly known and recognized doctoral degree is the Doctor of Philosophy, or PhD.
- Despite the name, these degrees are not exclusively conferred on students of philosophy.
Instead, a PhD is a research degree that can be completed in a number of subjects. Less focused on applying learned skills in the marketplace, research in a PhD program is focused on enriching a specific field. Original research is often a requirement for graduation in this kind of program.
PhD students often work at the outer bounds of their field to uncover new discoveries. Practitioner doctoral degrees In contrast to PhDs, other doctoral degrees focus on practical applications within a specific industry. University of Phoenix, for example, does not offer a PhD, but rather doctoral degrees designed for scholar practitioners.
Some examples are:
- Doctor of Business Administration (DBA)
- Doctor of Health Administration (DHA)
- Doctor of Education (EdD)
- Doctor of Nursing Practice (DNP)
Now that you’ve learned the college degree levels in order, we hope that you feel better equipped to plot out your educational future. Most students start by earning an associate degree or a bachelor’s degree before moving on to a graduate degree, such as a master’s and/or doctoral degree.
A bachelor’s degree, and it generally takes about four years to complete. Students may choose to return to college to pursue a master’s degree program after getting their bachelor’s degree. That would be a doctoral degree, which represents one of the highest levels of educational attainment within a particular field.
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What are the levels of education in Guyana?
Guyana’s education system comprises the following educational levels: nursery, primary, secondary, technical and vocational education, teacher training and university.
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