Why Is Education A Complicated Process?

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Why Is Education A Complicated Process
Explanation: Learning is a complex process. It is personal to each child and is the process of making sense of and using new information and experiences. Children do this when they make connections between the experiences and knowledge they already have and new information they encounter.
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Why education is a complex process?

Learning is an ongoing process that is simultaneously biological and cultural. Each individual learner functions within a complex developmental, cognitive, physical, social, and cultural system. Learning also changes the brain throughout the life span.
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What is the main problem with education?

Adapted and expanded from a paper I wrote on the prompt, “What is the biggest problem facing education today?” The only bad thing about dogs who read is they drool on the pages when excited about an idea ( credit to /u/blrghh ) The biggest problem facing education today is the lack of innovation and mobility in higher education. Because of a number of private and public factors, colleges and universities have turned into massive private businesses with multi million dollar athletic departments and multi billion dollar endowments.

( Powell ) Dean’s act as global CEOs trying to improve their ever-growing balance sheets. ( Powell ) Students are seen as customers with low price sensitivity. With student loans funding irresponsible and unsustainable debt fueled growth. ( International Monetary Fund ) Universities are doing an increasingly poor job preparing students for the current workforce and adapting to the rapid rate of technological change.

( Abel, Dietz and Su ) Students leave higher education unprepared for what the workforce will look like in coming decades. If these trends continue unchecked, the continued decline of the American educational system is certain. Reform is necessary to prepare for the future.

  1. Schools are positioned perfectly to take advantage of a combination of public and private sector factors that have fueled this increase in monolithic structure.
  2. Their tax deference under Section 501(c)(3) of the Internal Revenue Code allows schools to eschew the largest drain on income traditional businesses face.

( Exemption Requirements — 501(c)(3) Organizations ) Early 21st century monetary policy and easy lending has opened the doors for a tremendous boom in student loans. Banks and organizations have access to capital at historic low interest rates ( IMF ).

Access to cheap capital has subsequently increased the availability of debt. The US Federal Reserve states “Between 2001 and 2016, the real amount of student debt owed by American households more than tripled, from about $340 billion to more than $1.3 trillion.” Likewise, the demand for educated workers has risen with the increase in technology over the last century.

( Chun ) Increasing the likelihood of students being willing to take on large amounts of debt to facilitate their education. At the same time, many of the checks that are naturally imposed in free markets do not apply to educational institutions. There is no direct incentive to “create value for shareholders,” no short selling of educational stocks, no public quarterly reports.

If a Dean or an administration makes poor decisions, the lack of visibility and transparency prevents free market accountability from holding them responsible in any meaningful way. Mistakes made in strategic decisions are often unaccounted for or left unchecked for years. Student loans have likewise ballooned into a $1.4 trillion market ( Federal Student Loan Portfolio ), primarily issued and insured by the U.S.

Department of Education. The actual assets are mostly held by government agencies like Sallie Mae and PHEAA making them the federal government’s largest asset. With a neigh-infinite balance sheet, the US Government is directly subsidizing a private industry with loans (IWP).

These conflicting incentives make it increasingly unlikely that the dean or administration will take risks or deviate from the status quo in order to stay relevant. As Naseem Talib talks about in “Antifragile.” The strength of the community is often due to the strength in innovation by individual members.

Risk taken by an individual is beneficial to the whole of the community. An ecosystem is strong when there are many new organisms striving to compete and succeed.( Talib ) The reason startups can be successful when competing against companies with greater resources is that they can iterate and change quickly to adapt to changing market forces in consumer demand in a way that monolithic legacy organizations can’t.

( Eric Ries ) This is well illustrated through Facebook’s unofficial motto “move fast and break things.” Indeed the organizations that are successfully transitioning from old managerial practice is to new fast moving decentralize systems are the companies that are the most successful in today’s modern economy.

( Beauchamp, Rose, et al.) Deans and college administrators do not have the incentives in place to facilitate change or adoption of new ideas. Their bloated compensation packages incentivise safe, traditional approaches with marginal improvements. ( Sarros, et al ) In an increasingly volatile world academic institutions are continuing to present old information and seek to improve outdated metrics.

This process of optimizing a legacy system that is struggling to keep up is akin to adding an air intake to a Camry. Unfortunately, the current system results in the vast majority of college degrees failing to prepare students for work in the current global economy. ( Abel, Dietz and Su ) More and more college graduates are working in the fields that traditionally did not require a bachelor’s degree.

This trend has risen significantly since the 2001 recession. ( Abel, Dietz and Su ) A red queen scenario of educational creep. The necessity of a college education is greater than ever but it seems that colleges are increasingly failing to prepare students for entering the workforce.

  • Jack Ma, Chairman and founder of Alibaba, seventh largest company in the world and China’s second largest company in terms of market cap emphasizes the value of specialized education in numerous interviews.
  • In one such interview at the World Economic Forum ( Jack Ma: You’re Supposed to Spend Money on Your People ), he emphasizes the importance of educational programs that directly apply to in demand jobs and skills.

In a rapidly changing world, this focus on developing and continuing to train employees is critical to the long term success of any private enterprise. As the current educational model fails to provide these skills and knowledge increasing amounts of employers are developing siloed educational programs to actually train their employees.

On a national level, as automation and computer intelligence increases, massive swaths of the low skill job market are at risk of being replaced by robots and computers. In Yuval Noah Harari’s book, “Homo Deus,” he discusses the potential for 40% mass unemployment leading to the rise of what he calls “the useless class”.

People with no value to industry, business, or society as a whole. While the rise of an entire “useless class” seems an unlikely scenario, change is inevitable. Economists describe these coming changes due to increases in computer processing and technology as “the Fourth Industrial Revolution.” ( World Economic Forum, The Future of Jobs Report ) Previous “revolutions” include the steam engine, the age of science and mass production, and the rise of digital technology.

( Encyclopedia Britannica ) The common parable of John Henry vs. the Steam Engine holds many similarities to modern day doomsayers of mass unemployment. While many were displaced and unemployed by these technological advances. New jobs, previously unimagined, cropped up enmasse. Train engineers, factory production workers, and computer programmers.

This trend is likely to continue. A common factor in all these previous industrial revolutions is new demands on educational institutions. The skill sets to be successful after each subsequent revolution changed. Educational systems previously unthought of emerged and thrived under the guidance of new technologies.

  1. A professor from the early 1900’s would never have imagined the rise of networking or computers.
  2. Pre steam engine theorists would not have considered teaching locomotion or steam engineering widely.
  3. Alec Ross, previous Senior Advisor for Innovation to Secretary of State Hillary Clinton, discusses in his book ” The Industries of the Future ” the likely advent of new industries in robotics, genetics, coding and big data over the next 30 years.

Being able to train and educate populations quickly and effectively in these new domains will prove to be tremendously important. The value of a quality education system is magnified as the US fights to stay at the forefront of industry during this period.

The reemergence of Malthusian, Populist, Nationalist, and Socialist doctrine in modern parlance ( Galston ), and the generally pessimistic outlook ( Larry Summers ) on the American economy, one is painted a picture of England and France in the early 1800s. Fixed classes, landlords, capitalists, and laborers all bicker and fight with adversarial interests.

Gary Rhodes in his paper ” Market Models, Managerial Institutions, and Managed Professionals ” discusses the worrisome trends of the American educational system at the turn of the century, “we again face the challenge of mitigating economic excesses, this time of global, hypercapitalism.

The more higher education is modeled and reconstructed on a private, corporate market model, the less it can play such a mitigating role, and the more it itself contributes to the sharp polarization that promotes social upheaval.” This does not need to be the case. Education can be used to contribute to the betterment of the entire population.

However, an increase in the transactional nature of education will only deepen our growing “polarization” to the point of no return. As Friedrich List said “on the threshold of a new phase in the development of their country, statesmen should be prepared to take the long view, despite the need to deal also with matters of immediate urgency.” (Edinburgh Review) Is it a reform of policies, transparency around stewardship of trusts, realignment of incentives between student and administration, or new models of educational administration? Likely, all need to change in order to improve educational outcomes.

  1. Changes at the college level will have ripple effect across the american educational system.
  2. The purpose of the American primary and secondary educational system is increasingly to prepare students for postsecondary education.
  3. If colleges make changes, so will primary education.
  4. A lack of mobility at the college level has second order effects across the entire American educational system.

Our elected parties must take into account the precipice at which we stand. The acceleration of technological systems, global trends towards populism, general political unrest, and growing distrust of government itself all increase the difficulty of the choices that must be made.

But necessity demands a better long term solution to education than the current model. A failure to act in a calculated and forward looking way will have dramatic consequences for all American citizens. So what’s the Solution? Adam Smith cites improved production as the key to economic betterment. ( Wealth of Nations ) Support for the expansion into the American Frontier proved immensely valuable.

(Henry Charles Carey) Similar to the way the untapped resources of the American frontier in 1835 seemed infinite, the potential of technology as we currently understand it also appears infinite. Undoubtedly it is not, but seeing that we are at the forefront of a global frontier our steering and governance would be well served to adopt similar policies.

An open land grab into global cyberspace, fueled by government sponsored educational programs. Student loans are an ungainly behemoth. But, the same levels of investment into professors and the institutions themselves would be a massive infrastructural asset. Keeping the focus of investment on STEM educational programs to retrain much of the workforce into relevant growth industries would help to keep America at the forefront of the technology world for the next generation.

A decentralized educational approach would accomplish many of the goals and mitigate many of the issues presented earlier. Regional specialization of educational centers can help currently enfeebled regions regain relevance. We have already accumulated $1.4 trillion in debt to fund a multitude of educational programs with middling impact.

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Calculated investment can not only keep America at the forefront of this burgeoning industrial revolution, it can be used to rebuild communities left behind by the last. Detroit can be revitalized as a manufacturing and research hub for robotics. Local expertise in automotive production would provide a valuable asset to jump start American development in a burgeoning industry.

West Virginia coal mines can aid the development of new battery technology with their local deposits of Nickel, Magnesium, and other minerals. Sun drenched Arizona and New Mexico can provide an ample research and testing ground for new solar technology.

Florida and the Gulf Coast can provide a central hub for developing predictive weather models and will be directly impacted by the success of that research. China and other nations have been pursuing a similar strategy since the early 2000’s to great success. ( Wu ) Our success as a global nation in the 21st century depends upon adopting similar policies.

The one true fuel the American Economy depends upon is growth. In every industrial revolution growth of industry has spurred prosperity to new heights. Instead of cannibalizing its own citizens with debt and burdening them with a subpar education in diminishing fields, the focus should turn to unexplored frontiers and how we can support expansion and innovation into them.

The United States needs to decide if education is a business, then it should be run like a business. With proper accounting practices, taxes, reporting, and limited oversight in a market that has transparency. Government half measures and band-aid solutions will only deepen the trench of problems that are forming around our current educational systems.

The best solution appears to be a combination of both. Stewardship and constraint on the level of national policy, and autonomy and freedom on a local level. Our current model is unsustainable and will disadvantage the United States in the future. Reform of education is necessary to prepare the United States in the coming years.

Works Cited Abel, Jaison R. and Deitz, Richard and Su, Yaqin, Are Recent College Graduates Finding Good Jobs? (January 1, 2014). Current Issues in Economics and Finance, Vol.20, №1, 2014. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2378472 Bauer, Philipp and Riphahn, Regina T., “Kindergarten Enrollment and the Intergenerational Transmission of Education”.

IZA Discussion Paper №4466. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1486968 Beauchamp, Rose, et al. “Reorganization without Tears.” McKinsey & Company, www.mckinsey.com/business-functions/organization/our-insights/reorganization-without-tears, Carey, Henry Charles.

  • A Study in American Economic Thought.
  • Aplan, 1931.
  • Chun, Hyunbae.
  • Information Technology and the Demand for Educated Workers: Disentangling the Impacts of Adoption versus Use.” The Review of Economics and Statistics, vol.85, no.1, 2003, pp.1–8.
  • JSTOR, JSTOR, www.jstor.org/stable/3211618,
  • Exemption Requirements — 501(c)(3) Organizations.” Internal Revenue Service, www.irs.gov/charities-non-profits/charitable-organizations/exemption-requirements-section-501c3-organizations,

“Federal Student Loan Portfolio.” Federal Student Aid, 25 Sept.2018, studentaid.ed.gov/sa/about/data-center/student/portfolio, Galston, William A. “The Rise of European Populism and the Collapse of the Center-Left.” The Brookings Institution, 8 Mar.2018, www.brookings.edu/blog/order-from-chaos/2018/03/08/the-rise-of-european-populism-and-the-collapse-of-the-center-left/,

  1. Harari, Yuval N.
  2. Homo Deus: A Brief History of Tomorrow.
  3. New York: Harper, 2016.
  4. Industrial Revolution.” Encyclopædia Britannica, Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc., 9 Oct.2018, www.britannica.com/event/Industrial-Revolution,
  5. Institute of International Education. (2018).
  6. International Student Enrollment Trends, 1948/49–2017/18.” Open Doors Report on International Educational Exchange.

Retrieved from http://www.iie.org/opendoors “Jack Ma: You’re Supposed to Spend Money on Your People.” YouTube, World Economic Forum, 18 Jan.2017, www.youtube.com/watch?v=WsQ7ysVt-0A, List, Friedrich. “The German Zollverein.” Edinburgh Review, 1844, p.177.

  • Powell, Farran.
  • 10 Universities With the Biggest Endowments.” U.S.
  • News & World Report, U.S.
  • News & World Report, 2018, www.usnews.com/education/best-colleges/the-short-list-college/articles/10-universities-with-the-biggest-endowments,
  • Rawat, Seema and Sanjay Meena.
  • Publish or perish: Where are we heading?” Journal of research in medical sciences : the official journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences vol.19,2 (2014): 87–9.

Ries, Eric. The Lean Startup: How Constant Innovation Creates Radically Successful Businesses. Penguin Books Ltd, 2011. Rhoades, Gary. “Market Models, Managerial Institutions, and Managed Professionals.” International Higher Education, no.13, 1998, doi:10.6017/ihe.1998.13.6453.

Rhoades, Gary, and Sheila Slaughter. “Academic Capitalism, Managed Professionals, and Supply-Side Higher Education.” Social Text, no.51, 1997, pp.9–38. JSTOR, JSTOR, www.jstor.org/stable/466645, Rodrik, Dani. “The ‘Paradoxes’ of the Successful State.” European Economic Review, vol.41, no.3–5, June 1997, pp.411–442., doi:10.1016/s0014–2921(97)00012–3.

Ross, Alec. The Industries of the Future. New York, NY: Simon & Schuster, 2016. Sarros, James C., et al. “The Academic Dean: a Position in Need of a Compass and Clock.” Higher Education Research & Development, vol.17, no.1, Nov.1998, pp.65–88., doi:10.1080/0729436980170104.
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Why is education as a concept difficult to define?

Why is education such a difficult concept to define?What is a concept? What is a contested concept? – A-Level Psychology Extracts from this document. Why is education such a difficult concept to define? What is a concept? What is a contested concept? What is it about education that makes it a contested concept? There are many things which make education a contested concept.

Firstly, the term ‘education’ can mean different things to different people. There is no one right definition of it. Therefore, we can only provide substantive, not factual based information. What are value positions? (Values or Value judgements) Values There are many different definitions of the term ‘value’.

It can mean the ‘quality that renders something desirable or valuable’. Steiner saw a child as having 3 developmental stages: Firstly, he believed that until the age of seven, the focus of children’s learning should be on drawing, playing, story telling, nature, natural things and all this should be done within the home environment.

He also believed that you should not teach children under seven how to read and that writing should not be taught before reading. Furthermore, the child should have the same teachers for seven years and the child should only concentrate on one subject at a time. Moreover, the teacher should not teach set beliefs and encourage learning for its own sake and not just for exams.

He believed that there should be no pressure to read and write and that children shouldn’t be forced to learn before they were ready. He believed in a varied curriculum according to specific children and he treated each child as an individual in his own right.

  • Finally, you have the cognitive stage.
  • This was aimed at children of 14+ and consisted of a routine with academic work in the mornings.
  • The children would study one subject at a time.
  • For example, they would study History for two to three weeks before going onto another subject, such as Geography.
  • Like Froebel, Steiner considered the child as a whole, thinking that each stage of learning was fostered by the interaction of the prior experience.

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: Why is education such a difficult concept to define?What is a concept? What is a contested concept? – A-Level Psychology
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Which is complex process in education?

Learning is a complex process. It is personal to each child and is the process of making sense of and using new information and experiences. Children do this when they make connections between the experiences and knowledge they already have and new information they encounter. Learning is the product of doing.
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Is teaching a complex process?

Teaching is a complex and demanding professional task. The success of teachers in their work has direct implications for the quality of learning of their students. Nevertheless, given this complexity, achieving success in teaching cannot be guaranteed in all cases.
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What is the biggest barrier to education?

Barriers to Education | All In School

BARRIERS TO EDUCATION The comprehensive research by the Out-of-School Children Initiative provides insight into the reasons children do not attend school – the barriers that exclude them from accessing educational opportunities.Once the barriers have been identified, it is possible for the initiative to work with local and national education officials to design policies and strategies that will allow more children to attend school and complete a full course of education.

The initiative views the barriers in the context of their sources. For example, some barriers are created by those who supply education such as schools and education ministries. Other barriers are developed by those who demand education such as children, parents and families. MOST COMMON BARRIERS TO PRIMARY EDUCATION Start clicking on this interactive wheel to learn more about educational barriers that out-of-school children face globally : Barriers to Education | All In School
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What challenges do students face in education?

What problems at school are worrying you? – Everyone worries about things that happen at school from time to time. Lots of people, like you, will experience something difficult or have to work through a problem during school. There’s a lot of pressure to get good results, make lots of friends, do well in every subject and be a ‘good student’.

finding schoolwork difficult, or having problems concentrating in class if others are noisy and disruptive exam stress tricky relationships with friends and friendship groups finding lunchtime difficult, particularly if you have eating problems, anorexia or bulimia not getting on with teachers, or feeling like you are labelled as ‘trouble’ bullying

Artwork credit: @stacieswift. Blue, light pink and turquoise flowers sit on a dark green background with some leaves between the flowers. In front of the flower and leaves is a scroll with text that reads: ‘you’re not failing’ with not underlined.

receiving inappropriate comments from classmates or teachers; when these are of a sexual nature it is known as sexual harassment – look at Childline’s website for more information and advice problems at home – your parents’ relationship, sibling issues, a housing problem or simply feeling unsupported returning to school after having time away to look after your mental or physical health going to school with anxiety, depression, OCD or any other mental health condition going back to school after being excluded, expelled or suspended specific difficulties such as dyslexia, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), dyspraxia, or autism

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If you are experiencing any these problems, you might find that it is affecting how you feel both when you’re at school and at home. Remember, you are not alone. There are people who will listen to you and support you through these difficult times. Please remember that, although school is important, it isn’t worth sacrificing your mental health for.
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Why teaching is the most difficult?

Every career can be challenging and some can be misunderstood. Every job can be tough to adjust to, and it may take years of practice before you gather enough experience. One of the most difficult careers out there in the world is teaching. We all went to school and all our lives have been touched by a teacher.

It’s a difficult and stressful job, but have you ever noticed why your teachers are still able to smile and enjoy teaching despite all the challenges that come with it? Career advisors from NewCareerIdeas.com say that the best career for any individual is the one that makes one’s heart happy no matter how hard it could get.

The truth is, teaching is a lot harder than we expect. However some people still underestimate how tough a teaching career can be. Writers from Assignmentgeek.com helped us to compile information on this subject. Here are some of the reasons why teaching can be a difficult career:

Things have to be changed all the time in order to improve the quality of teaching

The best thing about teachers is that they really do love teaching. It’s a tough job, and you wouldn’t survive it if you don’t have the passion for it. However, there are times when teachers are made to feel like they’re limited to perpetually-changing guidelines and standards that they must rewrite, rework and resubmit.

People assume that teaching is easy

Many movies where teachers are depicted may cause people to think that teaching is an easy job. When we were children, we think that our teachers are relaxed, that the lessons are too easy for them, that their activities are planned without too much fuss.

What we don’t know is that they have already spent hours to create an environment that will be conducive to learning, They don’t let us see how hard they’ve worked on these things, so we readily assume that their job is easy. Some students even treat their teachers as enemies. Little do they know that these people lose sleep worrying about them.

Most of the time, they just want the best for their students, and they are willing to do anything to be able to help them.

It requires a lot of dedication

Compared to other professions that also require training and education, the stress that teachers go through each day can be significantly greater. Sometimes, they even have to spend their own money on school supplies. They don’t really go on vacation during summers.

Instead, they spend their free time preparing for the upcoming school year. They also don’t get off work early, but they do start the day earlier than everyone else. You might be discouraged about pursuing teaching, but you have to remember that it is a rewarding job. You may see jobs that pay better or significantly easier for ads.

However, in this profession, you get to meet exciting people, develop your skills, and help shape a future generation. Teaching is a difficult career, but it can be very fulfilling, knowing that you have touched lives. If you see your teacher today, it might be a great idea to smile, say thank you, or give him/her a hug.
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Why is education not accessible to all?

Marginalisation and poverty – For many children who still do not have access to education, it is notable because of persisting inequality and marginalization. In developing and developed countries alike, children do not have access to basic education because of inequalities that originate in sex, health and cultural identity (ethnic origin, language, religion). Why Is Education A Complicated Process Factors linked to poverty such as unemployment, illness and the illiteracy of parents, multiply the risk of non-schooling and the drop-out rate of a child by 2. Undeniably, many children from disadvantaged backgrounds are forced to abandon their education due to health problems related to malnutrition or in order to work and provide support for the family.
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What is a complicated process?

A complex process is a system of separate series of events or relationships, which somehow relate to each other and create a larger whole.
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What is complex education knowledge?

Teaching complex skills Learning of competencies can be considered as complex learning (Van Merriënboer and Kirschner, 2013).

  1. ‘A competency (or ability) is a combination of complex cognitive and higher order skills, highly integrated knowledge structures, interpersonal and social skills, and attitudes and values. Acquired competencies by the students can be applied in a variety of situations (i.e. transfer) and over an unlimited span (i.e. life-long learning)”.
  2. “Complex learning involves: * integrating knowledge, skills and attitudes; * coordination of the different constituent skills of a competency; * transferring of what is learned to daily life and work settings.”
  3. “The driving force in complex learning is the use of authentic learning tasks. Such tasks are instrumental in helping learners to integrate knowledge, skills and attitudes, stimulate the coordination of skills constituent to solving problems or carrying out tasks and facilitate the transfer of what is learned to new and often unique tasks and problem situations.”
  4. “Offer a model about how to solve certain problems, case studies or issues”.
  5. “Possible educational methods in which student learn to apply competencies are problem based education, project education, case-method, evidence based method, innovation projects etc.”

References

J.J.G.van Merriënboer and P.A. Kirschner (2013) Ten steps to complex learning, Second Edition. Routledge.

: Teaching complex skills
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What is complexity in education?

Complexity theory is a theory of learning systems that provides a framework for those interested in examining how systems develop and change.
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What’s education as a process?

Education is a process that happens at both the individual level of each human being and the global level of total humanity, which never ceases to participate in the educational process. Education is a social and historical category; no society has failed to have an educational system.
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What is education as a process?

Abstract. Seeing education as a process lays the foundations for adopting approaches which will remove uncertainty from what happens within education. Part of this is the adoption of learning outcomes. This can be seen as a consequence of a managerialist discourse which seeks control over educational processes.
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What are complex processes?

A complex process is a system of separate series of events or relationships, which somehow relate to each other and create a larger whole.
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What is complexity education?

Complexity theory is a theory of learning systems that provides a framework for those interested in examining how systems develop and change.
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How education is a continuous process?

Continuous learning is process of life, pinnacle of the attitude and vision of the universe. The day we stop learning new things professionally / personally, literally, it would be the end of life. The learning is the only thing which distinguish humans from animals.

  • Being a human, we have a great privilege to think.
  • Thinking is a great thing we all can do.
  • I would remember a great quote from Respected APJ Abdul Kalam regarding learning “Learning gives creativity, creativity leads to thinking, thinking provides knowledge, knowledge makes you great”.
  • This is all a process, if we stop learning and thinking, then there is no creativity and knowledge in our life.

Therefore, every human being should struggle beyond anything in order to learn new things. It is not necessary that we should visit Universities and B Schools to learn and it is not that we should only master in few academics / technical courses. Your life is the best teacher.

Nobody can replace such a great teacher. Every life is a great example, we can surely learn many things. However, it is our attitude which makes us different from rest of the people. I could still proudly remember my childhood days, where there was no electricity at all at my home, I used to read at lamp or under the lamppost.

Now a days if we see, people cannot live 5 minutes without electricity, TV or Wi-Fi etc (including me 😉 ). I know these would compliment / helpful in your learning, sometimes, I do feel they are killing the thinking / learning ability of the individuals.

  1. Most of the time we are depending too much on “google” for small things.
  2. What I would like to convey is, the knowledge will not come up with money or the above mentioned items, it should only come up within yourself.
  3. All your inner abilities and intuitions would drive you towards learning spree.
  4. Continuous learning not just attaining a Certification or completing an academic course or achieving an admission in an University.

It is a continuous process comes with us till the end of our life. Certifications / Degrees / Admissions are part of the process, they should only motivate us in our further learning. Continuous learning is a process which is surrounded by your attitude to learn and share the knowledge, academic curiosity, reading & practicing, creativity, thinking ability and extending your knowledge levels. All these are very important in making you perfect personality.

Many people once they passed any certification or attained a degree, they would feel they have achieved the pinnacle of life. However, in reality, it is not. It is only a small part in the life long learning process. Learning need not necessarily be limited to technical knowledge, configuration, but, it could be anything like your driving, showing humility towards the environment / others, learning a new skill or even it could be correlated to the relations in life.

From every failure, we should be able to learn a new thing. Even from tennis ball we can learn the best things of life, it clearly shows, how to bounce back in life, candle tells us how to give light to the people even its life is diminishing. Therefore, please let us not limit learning just to a subject, if we are able to see it with a wide range of thinking, then the whole world looks very small. SAP Consultant is also not an exception for continuous learning. SAP is a ocean, it would take few months to few years to get adequate knowledge on a particular module. There are multiple areas where one can choose to expand from their base module. If they are really interested they could expand cross-functional knowledge as well.

  1. The above diagram would give a very good idea.
  2. In addition, there are also number of Industry Solutions (IS) components available in SAP.
  3. You should also look into those additional components, if they would give you any additional and potential career opportunities.
  4. In SAP, it is always required to look for extended skills and knowledge levels.
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Just depending on a single module may not always be good idea, as the number of resources that are increasing in the market, the technology might be getting redundant or missing the chance to become a competent SAP Consultant. Therefore, it is always necessary to look into what additional skills would complement our core skills.

How would you achieve your continuous learning in your career? This is the biggest question. Usually many companies will have Personal Development Plan (Plan). Unless, it is very serious by few professionally managed companies, in most of the companies this is a joke. You would be asked to prepare your Personal Development Plan for the next year and it would be compared with actual achievement.

In most of the cases, this would be just like a paper work. The companies should seriously look into the purpose of PDP and if they are really able to help the employees in developing their skills, otherwise, it would be wastage of paper. For the time being, let us forget the PDP, you need to write what skills / areas that needs to be improved.

Then we need to put them on the paper, including, what are the possibilities available in order to develop those skills, what kind of skill level that is intended to achieve, what are the resources available to achieve this and what is the time frame that this skill can be achieved. You need to track your learning performance, probably every quarter, to check whether you are going in the right direction.

Please do not look at your company to give you a training, if so, you would never get that skill in your life time. Try to gather the resources on the internet and try to learn on your own. If your company is supporting your learning, then it would be a bonus and needs to be appreciated.

  1. There are many ways that you can learn on a continuous basis.1.
  2. On-Job Experience The best learning is your on-job experience.
  3. This is the most effective way of learning and the knowledge will be carried with you for a very long term.
  4. For example, if you are part of an end to end implementation project, you would get enormous amount of experience and the exposure you get on job would give you the most effectiveness and lasts for long.

No other experience / training would be able to supersede this effectiveness. Therefore, it is your responsibility to give your best at job and explore much in order to attain the real learning. The more explore yourself in work would help you in turn with invaluable knowledge.2.

  1. Formal Training Formal training is also one of the best way to learn the things at a much faster rate.
  2. If you are learning the skills from the experts, then you would tend to follow their instructions in a very easy way.
  3. Particularly, if they are technical courses, then there is a limitation how much you can learn on your own.

For those type of courses, definitely formal training would be a handy. Wherever, there is a possibility of getting formal training, you should make use of it.3. Reading Literature Reading is the best the quality for human being, whatever be profession you are in.

  1. If you are not yet a reading freak, then you must immediately switch your modes to a great reader.
  2. There are different literature available SCN, SAP Help, Service Market Place, Building Blocks etc.
  3. Furthermore, you would having lot of SAP materials, project documents, business process documents, user guides, test scripts etc.

The more you read, the more it would be good for you. If you are free for sometime, please do not waste your time at Canteen or Cafeteria, just spend yourself productive reading something. Learning at least one thing by reading, then surely you be a master over a period time.4.

Practice on the System If you have access to the system, then you should consider it as a great privilege. Many people are not even fortunate enough to have the access to SAP system. Therefore, if you have access to SAP system, you should make full use of that. Try as much as practice that you can. Make use of building blocks and how to documents etc.

that are available. Some of these documents are really good, even a fresher can start learning, just by following the instructions given in the documents. Write down a plan for next one month, track your practice performance on a daily basis. I am confident if you practice like this on a daily basis, you would surely get adequate confidence to handle the complex scenarios.5.

  1. Mentoring People You should always consider that the mentoring is a great opportunity.
  2. You should not hold back yourself to mentor people around you.
  3. The mentoring will not only develops the good human relations, but also give you a chance to refresh your knowledge and skills.
  4. Mentoring need not necessarily be technical mentoring, it would be guiding, directing, monitoring, advising or motivating the people around you.

This would give you a confidence that you can be a good constructor. When people start believing your abilities, then it gives you an additional boost to your inner abilities, this is the great starting point for a new journey.6. Sharing Knowledge The more you share your knowledge, it would come back to you with double knowledge.

Therefore, you should never hesitate yourself to share your knowledge. There are many people who are always reluctant to share their knowledge because of their insecurity feeling. If somebody is in need to know something, explain them with the best possible way, it would definitely give you a benefit.

Whatever, you are explaining to the other people would be remembered by you for life long. If you read something you could tend to forget in 10 days, if you see something, you could tend to forget in 10 months, but, if you explain something, surely, you would remember it for 10 years.

Therefore, learn something by sharing your knowledge.7. Attending Seminars There are number of seminars / conferences you would see, something like Tech-Eds, SAP Sapphires, ASUG Annual Conferences or other related conferences. I understand they are really expensive, but whenever there is a chance and you have ability to participate, you should always make use of it.

Particularly, if you go to Tech-Eds, you would see lot of excitement and you will be refreshed with number of new technologies happening around SAP. It is the main reason some of the companies would send their employees or encourage to attend these type of events.

Try to attend these event and update your knowledge levels.8. Discussion with Peers SAP is a ocean and if somebody says they are champions, then just forget those words. Knowing few transaction codes / programs, does not make anybody a champion. If you practice 10 times more than me, then you would get better skills than me, if somebody practice 10 times more than you, then that person would be a master.

Therefore, we should not hesitate to discuss with peers and colleagues. There is no rule that we should know every things. Sometimes, even senior consultants would learn few things from the junior consultants. It is always a good practice to keep your discussions open with peers / colleagues, it would really help you in your learning.9.

Attain industry knowledge Being a SAP consultant, you would be expected to work in different industries like Public Sector, Utilities, FMCG, Banking, Chemical, Metal, Oil etc. Therefore, it is not just configuring and testing some SAP transactions. We should always update our business process knowledge and industry knowledge relating to various industries.

I understand it would take years and years to master the industry knowledge relating to a single industry, however, at least we should have basic understanding about different industries. Therefore, it would always be good idea to read various journals / annual accounts or watching videos would be helpful to a greater extent.10.

Leadership qualities Please do not think that leadership is something related to the top management. Every individual is a leader in his / her own abilities. Therefore, learning the leadership qualities is always a continuous process. Leadership does not mean that you need to command somebody. You need to take the ownership of the situation an able to direct, protect and guide your sub-ordinates.

The foremost quality of the leader is believing in your own abilities first, then you should direct others. When you are in knowledge driven industry, you should have enough confidence in your knowledge levels to drive them towards the common goal of succeeding the project.
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Why educational technology is a complex and integrated process?

THE DEFINITION OF EDUCATIONAL TECHNOLOGY Dwi Setiyawan (1507042027) The Definition Educational Technology can be defined as an abstract concept or as a field of practice. First, the definition of the concept, Educational technology is the study and ethical practice of facilitating learning and improving performance by creating, using, and managing appropriate technological processes and resources.

  1. Educationa l technologyis a theory about how problemsin human learning are identified andsolved.
  2. Educationa ltechnology is a field involved in applying a complex, integrated process to analyze and solve problems in human learning Educational technology is a profession made up of an organized effort to implement the theory, intellectual technique, andpractical application of educational technology.

Elements of the Definition Each of the key terms used in the definition will be discussed as to their intended meaning in the context of the definition,

Ethical practice Facilitating Improving Using Managing Appropriate Processes Resources.

Conclusion The concept of educational technology must be distinguished from the field and the profession of educational technology. Educational technology is a complex, integrated process involving people, procedures, ideas, devices, andorganization, for analyzing problems and devising, implementing, evaluating, and managing solutions to those problems, involved in all aspects of human learning.

Ineducational technology, the solutions to problems take the form of all the Learning Resources that are designed and / orselected and / orutilized to bring about learning; these resources are identified as Messages, People, Materials, Devices, Techniques, and Settings. The processes for analyzing problems, anddevising, implementing and evaluating solutions are identified by the Educational Development Functions of Research-Theory, Design, Production, Evaluation-Selection, Logistics,Utilization, and Utilization – Dissemination.

The processes of directing or coordinating one or more of these functions are identified by the Educational Management Functions of Organization Management and Personnel Management. References Gagne, Robert M (ed).2010. Instructional Technology: Foundations.

New York: Routledge. ISBN 0-89859-626-2 Januszweski, Alan and Molenda, Michael.2008. Educational Technology: A definition with commentary. New York: Routledge. ISBN 978-0-8058-58-60-0 Luppicini, Rocci.2005. A Systems Definition of Educational Technology in Society. Educational Technology & Society, 8 (3), 103-109.

Stošić, Lazar.2015. The importance of educational technology in teaching. (IJCRSEE) International Journal of Cognitive Research in Science, Engineering and Education Vol.3, No.1 : THE DEFINITION OF EDUCATIONAL TECHNOLOGY
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