Who Is The Education Minister Of Arunachal Pradesh 2022?

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Who Is The Education Minister Of Arunachal Pradesh 2022
Council of Minister

Name Designation Constituency Photos
Shri Pema Khandu Chief Minister All Department not assigned to Deputy Chief Minister and any Cabinate Minister 3-Mukto(ST)AC
Shri Chowna Mein Deputy Chief Minister Finance, Planning & Investment, Power etc 46-Chowkham (ST)AC Who Is The Education Minister Of Arunachal Pradesh 2022
Shri Wangki Lowang Minister, Public Health Engineering and Water Supply, DoTCL 54-Namsang(ST) AC
Shri Honchun Ngandam Minister, Rural Works 60-Pongchau-Wakka (ST)AC
Shri Kamlung Mosang Minister, Urban Development, Food & Civil Supplies etc. 50-Miao (ST) AC
Shri Alo Libang Minister, Health & Family Welfare Social Welfare, Women & Child Development, Social Justice, Empowerment & Tribal Affairs. 34-Tuting-Yingkiong(ST)AC
Shri Bamang Felix Minister, Home and Inter State Border Affairs, Rural Development & Panchayati Raj & Parliamentary Affairs. 19-Nyapin (ST) AC
Shri Tumke Bagra Minister, Industries, Skill Development,Textile & Handicrafts etc 30-Along west (ST) AC
Shri Mama Natung Minister, Sports, Youth Affairs & W.R.D 11-Seppa west (ST) AC
Shri Tage Taki Minister, Agriculture, Horticulture, Animal Husbandary & Veterinary, Dairy Development, Fisheries. 17-Ziro Hapoli (ST) AC
Shri Taba Tedir Minister, Education, Cultural Affairs, Department of Indigenous Affairs. 16-Yachuli (ST) AC
Shri Nakap Nalo Minister, Tourism, Transport and Civil Aviation. 22-Nacho (ST) AC

Council of Minister
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Who is the governor of Arunachal Pradesh 2022?

Governor of Arunachal Pradesh
Incumbent B.D. Mishra since 3 October 2017
Style His Excellency
Residence Raj Bhavan ; Itanagar
Appointer President of India
Term length Five Years
Inaugural holder Bhishma Narain Singh
Formation 20 February 1987 ; 35 years ago
Website http://arunachalgovernor.gov.in/

Arunachal Pradesh is in northeast India. The governor of Arunachal Pradesh is a nominal head and representative of the president of India in the state of Arunachal Pradesh, The governor is appointed by the president for a term of five years. The current governor is B.D. Mishra,
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Who is education minister in AP?

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Shri. Audimulapu Suresh Honurable Minister Minister of Municipal administration and Urban development Government of Andhra Pradesh Incumbent Assumed office 11 April 2022 Preceded by Botsa Satyanarayana Education Minister Government of Andhra Pradesh In office 8 June 2019 – 7 April 2022 Chief Minister Y.S. Jaganmohan Reddy Preceded by Ganta Srinivasa Rao Succeeded by Botsa Satyanarayana Member of Legislative Assembly Incumbent Assumed office 23 May 2019 Preceded by David Raju Palaparthi Constituency Yerragondapalem In office 2014–2019 Preceded by B N Vijay Kumar Succeeded by T.J.R. Sudhakar Babu Constituency Santhanuthalapadu In office 2009–2014 Preceded by Newly Created Succeeded by David Raju Palaparthi Constituency Yerragondapalem Personal details Born 27 April 1964 (age 58) Markapur Nationality Indian Political party YSR Congress Party Other political affiliations Indian National Congress Spouse T.H. Vijaya Lakshmi Children Audimulapu Vishal and Audimulapu Shristi. Parents
  • Audimulapu Samuel George (father)
  • Theresamma Cherukuri (mother)
Occupation Politician

Audimulapu Suresh (born 27 April 1964) is a former civil servant turned politician, and a member of fourteenth Andhra Pradesh Legislative Assembly, He represents Yerragondapalem Constituency in Andhra Pradesh and is a member of Y.S.R. Congress Party,
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How many districts are there in Arunachal Pradesh 2022?

The Lower Dibang Valley district, with its headquarter at Roing is the youngest of the fifteen districts of Arunachal Pradesh.
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Who is the first CM of Arunachal Pradesh?

List of chief ministers of Arunachal Pradesh

No Name Party
1 Prem Khandu Thungan Janata Party
2 Tomo Riba People’s Party of Arunachal
Vacant (President’s rule) N/A
3 Gegong Apang Indian National Congress

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Who is the present CM of Arunachal Pradesh?

Pema Khandu (born 21 August 1979) is an Indian politician and the Chief Minister of Arunachal Pradesh.
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Who is new education minister of India?

Notes –

  1. ^ Minister of State till 10 August 1962
  2. ^ Minister of State
  3. ^ Minister of State

Latest News : Mr Dharmendra Pradhan, Honorable Minister of Education of India will receive th 14th February 2022 Mr Schönenberger Claudius, Professor in France who revolutionize the learning process of Indian History by the launching of Evnseries.com on last Diwali.
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Who is Speaker of AP?

Designations and present members – The present assembly is the Fifteenth Legislative Assembly of Andhra Pradesh.

Designation Name
Governor Biswabhusan Harichandan
Speaker Tammineni Sitaram
Deputy Speaker Kona Raghupathi
Leader of the House (Chief Minister of State) Y.S. Jagan Mohan Reddy
Leader of the Opposition N. Chandrababu Naidu

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How many MLA are there in Arunachal Pradesh?

Arunachal Pradesh Legislative Assembly Legislature of Arunachal Pradesh state in India Arunachal Pradesh Legislative Assembly TypeType Term limits 5 yearsLeadership Speaker, since Deputy Speaker, since Leader of the House (), since Deputy Chief Minister, since Leader of the Opposition Vacant StructureSeats 60 Political groups (52) (52)

  • (48)
  • (4)

Opposition (7)

  • (4)
  • (1)
  • (2)

Vacant (1)

Vacant (1)

Elections Last election Next election Meeting placeVidhan Bhavan,, Website The Arunachal Pradesh Legislative Assembly is the state legislature of in, The seat of the is at, the capital of the state. The Legislative Assembly comprises 60 directly elected from single-seat constituencies.
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Which is the largest district of Arunachal Pradesh?

Arunachal Pradesh is an Indian State located in the Northeastern region of India. Arunachal Pradesh State is established on 20-Feb-1987. The largest city in Arunachal Pradesh is Itanagar. Total area of Arunachal Pradesh is 83,743 km² including unknown rural area and unknown urban area.

  1. As per 2011 stats, Arunachal Pradesh has a population of 13,83,727 peoples, out of which urban population is 3,17,369 while rural population is 10,66,358.
  2. There are about 2,70,577 houses in the state, including 70,367 urban houses and 2,00,210 rural houses.
  3. English is the official language of Arunachal Pradesh, which is spoken by the majority of the population.

As per ISO 3166-2:IN standard – the ISO code of Arunachal Pradesh is IN-AR, Arunachal Pradesh state is further divided in to districts for administrative purposes. Dibang Valley is the largest district of arunachal pradesh covering area of 9129 km² while Tawang is the smallest district of arunachal pradesh covering area of 2172 km².
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How many DC are there in Arunachal Pradesh?

As of July 2020, Arunachal Pradesh comprised 26 districts, with more districts proposed. Most of the districts are inhabited by various tribal groups, The latest and presently valid official map of districts of Arunachal Pradesh, after the most recent new districts were last announced on 30 August 2018, is in the external links.
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What is the old name of Arunachal?

ARUNACHAL PRADESH, situated in the north eastern part of India is 83,743 sq km in area and has a long international border with Bhutan to the west (160 km), China to the north and north-east (1,080 km) and Myanmar to the east (440 km). It stretches from snow-capped mountains in the north to the plains of Brahmaputra valley in the south.

Arunachal is the largest state area wise in the north-eastern region, even larger than Assam which is the most populous. It is a land of lush green forests, deep river valleys and beautiful plateaus. The land is mostly mountainous with Himalayan ranges along the northern borders criss-crossed with mountain ranges running north-south.

These divide the State into five river valleys : the Kameng, the Subansiri, the Siang, the Lohit and the Tirap. All these rivers are fed by snows from the Himalayas and countless rivers and rivulets except Tirap which is fed by Patkai Range. The mightiest of these rivers is Siang, called Tsangpo in Tibet, which becomes Brahmaputra after it is joined by the Dibang and the Lohit in the plains of Assam. High mountains and dense forests have prevented intercommunication between tribes living in different river valleys.

  • Isolation imposed by geography has led different tribes with several dialects to live and flourish with their distinct identities.Nature has endowed the people with a deep sense of beauty which finds delightful expression in their songs, dances and crafts.
  • Trees of great size, plentiful climbers and abundance of cane and bamboo make Arunachal evergreen.

Tropical rain forests are to be found in the foothills and the hills in the east on the border with Myanmar. Northern most border is covered with Alpine forests. Amidst the highly rugged terrain, there are green forests and plateaus. The climate varies from hot and humid in the Shivalik range with heavy rainfall. Arunachal Pradesh became a full-fledged State on February 20, 1987. Till 1972, it was known as the North-East Frontier Agency (NEFA). It gained the Union Territory status on January 20, 1972 and renamed as Arunachal Pradesh. On August 15, 1975 an elected Legislative Assembly was constituted and the first Council of Ministers assumed office.
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Who is father of Arunachal Pradesh?

Daying Ering Daying Ering Chairman, Ering Commission In office 1964–1967President Personal detailsBorn ( 1929-12-11 ) 11 December 1929Runne,,, Died21 June 1970 (1970-06-21) (aged 40), Political partyNEFA SangamSpouseOdam EringChildren Daying Ering (1929–1970) was an Indian politician from, He was the chairman of the Ering Commission which heavily influenced the country’s system.
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Who is the first woman MP of Arunachal Pradesh?

Nyari Welly
Member of the Arunachal Pradesh Legislative Assembly from Seppa constituency
In office 1980–1988
Personal details
Born 2 October 1945 Beyong village, Seppa Sub-Division
Died 21 October 1988 (aged 43)
Nationality Indian
Political party People’s Party of Arunachal, Indian National Congress

Nyari Welly (2 October 1945 – 21 October 1988 ) was an Indian politician. She was the first woman elected to the Arunachal Pradesh Legislative Assembly,
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How many MP seats are there in Arunachal Pradesh?

Summary

State/Union Territory Lok Sabha seats Reserved for the Scheduled Castes
Andhra Pradesh 25 4
Arunachal Pradesh 2
Assam 14 1
Bihar 40 6

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Who is Indian No 1 cm?

List of longest-serving Indian chief ministers

# Chief Minister Term length
1 Pawan Kumar Chamling (b.22 September 1949) 24 years, 165 days
2 Jyoti Basu (8 July 1914 – 17 January 2010) 23 years, 137 days
3 Naveen Patnaik* (b.16 October 1946) 22 years, 279 days
4 Gegong Apang (b.8 July 1949) 22 years, 250 days

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Who is the No 1 cm in AP?

Chief ministers of Andhra Pradesh (from 2014)

No. Name Term of office
5 days N/A
1 N. Chandrababu Naidu 30 May 2019
2 Y.S. Jagan Mohan Reddy Incumbent

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Who is finance minister of India 2022?

Minister of Finance Vitta Mantrī
Emblem of India
Flag of India
Incumbent Nirmala Sitharaman since 31 May 2019
Ministry of Finance
Style The Honourable
Abbreviation FM
Member of Cabinet Cabinet Committee on Security
Appointer President on the advice of the Prime Minister
Inaugural holder R.K. Shanmukham Chetty
Formation 15 August 1947

The Minister of Finance ( Vitta Mantrī ) (or simply, the Finance Minister, short form FM ) is the head of the Ministry of Finance of the Government of India, One of the senior offices of the Union Cabinet, the finance minister is responsible for the fiscal policy of the government.

A key duty of the Finance Minister is to present the annual Union Budget in Parliament, detailing the government’s plan for taxation and spending in the coming financial year, Through the Budget, the finance minister also outlines allocations to all the ministries and departments. The Minister is assisted by the Minister of State for Finance and the junior Deputy Minister of Finance,

There have been a number of Ministers of Finance that went on to become the Prime Minister ; Morarji Desai, Charan Singh, Vishwanath Pratap Singh and Manmohan Singh and also to serve as the President ; R.Venkataraman and Pranab Mukherjee, Several Prime Ministers have also gone on to hold the position of Minister of Finance.
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Who is the central governor of India 2022?

Few personalities are so close yet so distant to India’s populace as the Governor of the Reserve Bank and few evocative of his awe and mystique: close, because virtually every individual, be he ever so poor or so rich, carries on his person the promise and signature of the Governor.

Distant because central bankers are traditionally conservative and publicity shy. Awe they command as the custodian of the country’s reserves and defenders of the external value of the currency. And, mystique they possess as purveyors of money, the commodity all desire but so few understand. Behind the mist, and shorn of the public perception, the personality of the governor assumes importance in a specific context, the governor, more than any public or private functionary in the country, has the mandate of securing the monetary stability of the country.

This impinges on the day to day life of ordinary citizens.

Sir Osborne Smith 01-04-1935 to 30-06-1937
Sir Osborne Smith was the first Governor of the Reserve Bank. A professional banker, he served for over 20 years with the Bank of New South Wales and 10 years with the Commonwealth Bank of Australia before coming to India in 1926 as a Managing Governor of the Imperial Bank of India. His stewardship of the Imperial Bank won him recognition in banking circles in India. However, his outlook on policy issues like the exchange rates and interest rates was at variance with that of the Government. He resigned prior to the completion of his term of office of three and a half years. Sir Osborne, however, did not sign any bank notes during his tenure.

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Sir James Taylor 01-07-1937 to 17-02-1943
Sir James Braid Taylor was a member of the Indian Civil Service and had served for over a decade in the Currency Department of the Government of India, initially as a Deputy Controller, later as Controller of the Currency, and thereafter as additional secretary in the Finance Department. He was closely associated with the preparation and piloting of the Reserve Bank of India Bill. He served as Deputy Governor of the Bank prior to his appointment as the Governor. His stewardship saw the Bank through the war years and the financial experiments it engendered and catalysed, including the decisive break away from a silver currency to fiat money. His second term came to an end with his sudden demise.

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Sir C D Deshmukh 11-08-1943 to 30-06-1949
Chintaman Dwarkanath Deshmukh, a member of the Indian Civil Service, was the first Indian Governor of the Bank. His association with the Bank commenced in 1939, when he was appointed Government’s liason officer. He later served as Secretary and thereafter in 1941 as Deputy Governor of the Bank. On the demise of James Taylor, he took over stewardship of the Bank and was appointed Governor in August, 1943. During his tenure as Governor, he represented India at the Bretton Woods negotiations in 1944, saw the transition to Independence and the partition of the country and the division of the assets and liabilities of the Reserve Bank between India and Pakistan. He helped the smooth transition of the Bank from a shareholder’s institution to a State owned organisation, when the Bank was nationalised on 1st January 1949. He later held the office of Union Finance Minister between 1950-56.

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Sir Benegal Rama Rau 01-07-1949 to 14-01-1957
Sir Benegal Rama Rau, a member of the Indian Civil Service, was the longest serving Governor of the Bank. Prior to joining the Bank he served as the Indian Ambassador to the United States. His tenure witnessed the commencement of the Planning Era as well innovative initiatives in the spheres of co-operative credit and industrial finance. The recommendations of the All India Rural Credit Survey Committee appointed during his tenure led to the transformation of the Imperial Bank of India to State Bank of India. The proportional reserve system of note issue was replaced by a minimum reserve system to give the Bank greater flexibility. He resigned in the middle of January 1957 before his second extended term of office expired due to differences with the Finance Minister.

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K G Ambegaonkar 14-01-1957 to 28-02-1957
K.G. Ambegaokar, a member of the Indian Civil Service, served as Finance Secretary prior to his appointment as Deputy Governor. On the resignation of B. Rama Rau, he was appointed as the interim Governor till H V R Iengar could take over. He forged closer connections between agricultural enterprise and the Reserve Bank’s operations. K G Ambegaonkar did not sign any bank notes.

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H V R Iengar 01-03-1957 to 28-02-1962
H V R Iengar, a member of the Indian Civil Service, served for a brief while as the Chairman of State Bank of India, before being appointed as the Governor of the Reserve Bank. His tenure witnessed India’s shift to decimal coinage from the earlier system. The period saw conscious efforts to consolidate the banking industry. The Bank acquired powers in September 1960 to enforce amalgamations and delicensing of banks. The Bank was also active in catalysing medium term lending to industry by commercial banks by invoking the concept of refinance which led to the establishment of the Refinance Corporation for Industry Ltd. Deposit Insurance for bank deposits was introduced in 1962 making India one of the earliest countries to experiment with Deposit Insurance. In the sphere of monetary policy, the variable cash reserve ratio was used for the first time as were the selective credit controls.

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P C Bhattacharya 01-03-1962 to 30-06-1967
P C Bhattacharya, a member of the Indian Audit and Account Service, served as Secretary in the Finance Ministry and later as Chairman of the State Bank of India prior to his appointment as Governor. His tenure saw the establishment of the Industrial Development Bank of India (1964), and the establishment of the Agricultural Refinance Corporation (1963) and the Unit Trust of India (1964). Other developments were the introduction of the Credit Authorisation Scheme as an instrument of Credit Regulation, the devaluation of the Rupee in 1966, with a package of measures including import liberalisation and elimination of export subsidies.

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L K Jha 01-07-1967 to 03-05-1970
L K Jha, a member of the Indian Civil Service, served as Secretary to the Prime Minister, prior to his appointment as Governor. During his tenure, social controls over commercial banks were introduced as an experiment in 1968, as a part of which a National Credit Council was established. Shortly thereafter, 14 major commercial banks were nationalised in 1969, a step which did not have the endorsement of the Reserve Bank. Amongst other developments, gold controls were brought on a statutory basis; Deposit Insurance was in principle extended to Cooperative banks; the Lead Bank Scheme was introduced to facilitate credit delivery, and the setting up of the Agricultural Credit Board.L K Jha was appointed India’s Ambassador to the United States in May 1970 prior to the completion of his term as Governor.

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B N Adarkar 04-05-1970 to 15-06-1970
B N Adarkar held the post of Governor during the interregnum till S Jagannathan could take over as Governor. He was a professional economist and served for many years in the office of the Economic Adviser of the Government of India and also held important positions in the Ministry of Commerce & Industry prior to his appointment as the Deputy Governor of the Bank. He also served as India’s Executive Director at the IMF and as Deputy Governor, he played an active role in the establishment of the National Institute of Bank Management.

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S Jagannathan 16-06-1970 to 19-05-1975
S Jagannathan was a member of the Indian Civil Service. He had served with the Central Government and thereafter as India’s Executive Director at the World Bank, prior to being appointed as the Governor. His tenure of office was characterised by a very active monetary policy in the wake of unprecedented inflation in the country following the oil shock, an exponential expansion of banking offices in pursuance of one of the important objectives of nationalisation; the establishment of Credit Guarantee Corporation of India, the setting up of State Level Bankers’ Committees and the shift to floating rates regime. He relinquished office to take up the post of the Indian Executive Director at the IMF.

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N C Sen Gupta 19-05-1975 to 19-08-1975
N C Sen Gupta was appointed Governor for three months till K R Puri could assume office. Prior to his appointment as the Governor, he was working as Secretary to the Department of Banking of the Ministry of Finance.

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K R Puri 20-08-1975 to 02-05-1977
K R Puri served as the Chairman and Managing Director of the Life Insurance Corporation of India before his appointment as Governor. During his tenure, Regional Rural Banks were set up; the Asian Clearing Union commenced operations; the twenty point economic programme was announced and operationalised and a new money supply series introduced.

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M Narasimham 02-05-1977 to 30-11-1977
M Narasimham was the first and so far the only Governor to be appointed from the Reserve Bank cadre, having joined the Bank as a Research Officer in the Economic Department. He later joined the Government and prior to his appointment as Governor he served as Additional Secretary, Department of Economic Affairs. He had a short tenure of seven months. He later served as Executive Director for India at the World Bank and thereafter at the IMF after which he served in the Ministry of Finance as Secretary. He was chairperson of the Committee on the Financial System, 1991 and the Committee of Banking Sector Reforms, 1998.

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Dr. I G Patel 01-12-1977 to 15-09-1982
Dr. I G Patel an economist and administrator, joined the Reserve Bank as Governor after serving as Secretary in the Ministry of Finance and thereafter at the UNDP. His tenure witnessed the demonetisation of high denomination notes as well as the “gold auctions” conducted by the Bank on behalf of Government of India. During his tenure six private sector banks were nationalised, targets for priority sector lending introduced, and the Deposit Insurance and Credit Guarantee Corporations were merged, and a Departmental reorganisation was undertaken in the Bank. He played an active role in availing of the IMF’s Extended Fund Facility in 1981 due to balance of payments difficulties. This represented the largest arrangement in IMF’s history at the time.

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Dr. Manmohan Singh 16-09-1982 to 14-01-1985
Dr Manmohan Singh, academic and administrator, had served as Secretary Finance as well as Member Secretary of the Planning Commission prior to his appointment as Governor, During his tenure comprehensive legal reforms were carried out related to the banking sector and a new chapter introduced in the Reserve Bank of India Act and the Urban Banks Department was set up. After his tenure in the Bank, he served in various capacities before being appointed Finance Minister. His tenure as Finance Minister was notable for the fact that he heralded in liberalisation and comprehensive reforms in India.

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A Ghosh 15-01-1985 to 04-02-1985
A Ghosh was the Deputy Governor of the Bank since 1982 when he was appointed Governor for a brief period of 15 days till R N Malhotra could take over. He was earlier the chairman of Allahabad Bank prior to his appointment as the Deputy Governor of the Bank. He was also a Director of the Industrial Development Bank of India and the governing body of the National Institute of Bank Management.

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R N Malhotra 04-02-1985 to 22-12-1990
R.N. Malhotra, a member of the Indian Administrative Service, served as Secretary, Finance and Executive Director of the IMF. prior to his appointment as Governor. During his tenure efforts were made to develop the money markets and new instruments were introduced. The Discount and Finance House of India, the National Housing Bank were set up and the Indira Gandhi Institute of Development Research inaugurated. In the field of rural finance, the Service Area Approach was adopted as an approach catalyse the flow of credit through commercial banks.

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Venkitaramanan 22-12-1990 to 21-12-1992
S Venkitaramanan, a member of the Indian Administrative Service, had served as Finance Secretary and adviser to the Government of Karnataka prior to his appointment as Governor. The country faced difficulties related to the external sector during his tenure. His adroit management saw the country tide over the balance of payments crisis. His term also saw India adopt the IMF’s stabilisation programme where the Rupee underwent a devaluation and the launch of the programme of economic reforms.

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Dr. C Rangarajan 22-12-1992 to 22-11-1997
Dr. C Rangarajan was a professional economist. Prior to his appointment as the Governor, he held charge as Deputy Governor for over a decade. He was also a member of the Planning Commission and a member of the Tenth Finance Commission. His tenure as Governor saw unprecedented central bank activism to put in place a comprehensive set of measures to strengthen and improve the competitive efficiency of the financial sector. New institutions and instruments were introduced and changes in exchange rate management culminated in the establishment of a unified exchange rate. In the field of monetary policy, his tenure saw the historic memorandum signed between the Bank and the Government whereby a cap was put on the automatic finance by the Bank to the Government in the form of ad hoc treasury bills.

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Dr. Bimal Jalan 22-11-1997 to 06-09-2003
Dr. Bimal Jalan, served as Chief Economic Advisor to Government of India, Banking Secretary, Finance Secretary, Member Secretary of Planning Commission, and Chairman of the Economic Advisory Council to the Prime Minister prior to being appointed as Governor. He had also represented India on the Executive Boards of the IMF and the World Bank. During his tenure, India weathered the Asian Crisis and has seen the consolidation of the gains of liberalisation and economic reforms. The monetary policy process was demystified and central bank communications marked a perceived shift towards transparency. This period has seen a slew of measures to strengthen the banking sector, establish new institutions and introduce new instruments. The period has been characterised by the strengthning of the balance of payments and forex position,low inflation and soft interest rates.

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Dr. Y V Reddy 06-09-2003 to 05-09-2008
Dr. Yaga Venugopal Reddy the twenty-first Governor, is a member of the Indian Administrative Service. He has spent most of his career in the areas of finance and planning. He served as Secretary (Banking) in Ministry of Finance, Additional Secretary, Ministry of Commerce, Joint Secretary in Ministry of Finance in Government of India, Principal Secretary, Government of Andhra Pradesh and had a a six year tenure as Deputy Governor of the Reserve Bank of India. Prior to his appointment as the Governor, Dr. Reddy was India’s Executive Director on the Board of the International Monetary Fund. Dr. Reddy has made significant policy contributions in the areas of financial sector reforms; trade finance; monitoring of balance of payments and exchange rate; external commercial borrowings; centre-state financial relations; regional planning; and public enterprise reform and has been closely associated with institution building. He has several publications to his credit mainly in areas relating to finance, planning and public enterprises.

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Dr.D. Subbarao 05-09-2008 to 04-09-2013
Dr.D. Subbarao took over on September 5, 2008 as the 22nd Governor of the Reserve Bank of India. Dr. Subbarao has been appointed for a three-year term. Prior to this appointment, Dr. Subbarao was the Finance Secretary in the Ministry of Finance, Government of India. Dr. Subbarao has earlier been Secretary to the Prime Minister’s Economic Advisory Council (2005-2007), lead economist in the World Bank (1999-2004), Finance Secretary to the Government of Andhra Pradesh (1993-98) and Joint Secretary in the Department of Economic Affairs, Ministry of Finance, Government of India (1988-1993). Dr. Subbarao has wide experience in public finance. In the World Bank, he worked on issues of public finance in countries of Africa and East Asia. He managed a flagship study on decentralisation across major countries of East Asia including China, Indonesia, Vietnam, Philippines and Cambodia. Dr. Subbarao was also involved in initiation of fiscal reforms at the state level. Dr. Subbarao has written extensively on issues in public finance, decentralisation and political economy of reforms. Born on August 11, 1949, Dr. Subbarao holds a B.Sc (Hons) in Physics from the Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur and M.Sc in Physics from the Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur. Dr. Subbarao also holds an MS degree in Economics from Ohio State University. He was a Humphrey fellow at MIT during 1982-83. He has a Ph.D. in Economics with thesis on fiscal reforms at the sub-national level. Dr. Subbarao was a topper in the All India Civil Service examination for entry into Indian Administrative Services and Indian Foreign Services in 1972. He was one of the first IITians to join the civil service.

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Dr. Raghuram Rajan 04-09-2013 to 04-09-2016
Dr. Raghuram Rajan assumed charge as the 23rd Governor of the Reserve Bank of India on September 4, 2013. Prior to this, he was the Chief Economic Advisor, Ministry of Finance, Government of India and the Eric J. Gleacher Distinguished Service Professor of Finance at the University of Chicago’s Booth School. Between 2003 and 2006, Dr. Rajan was the Chief Economist and Director of Research at the International Monetary Fund. Dr. Rajan’s research interests are in banking, corporate finance, and economic development, especially the role finance plays in it. He has co-authored Saving Capitalism from the Capitalists with Luigi Zingales in 2003. He then wrote Fault Lines: How Hidden Fractures Still Threaten the World Economy, for which he was awarded the Financial Times-Goldman Sachs prize for best business book in 2010. Dr. Rajan is a member of the Group of Thirty. He was the President of the American Finance Association in 2011 and is a member of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences. In January 2003, the American Finance Association awarded Dr. Rajan the inaugural Fischer Black Prize for the best finance researcher under the age of 40. The other awards he has received include the global Indian of the year award from NASSCOM in 2011, the Infosys prize for the Economic Sciences in 2012, and the Center for Financial Studies-Deutsche Bank Prize for financial economics in 2013. Born on February 3, 1963, Dr. Rajan is married to Radhika and has two children.

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Dr. Urjit R. Patel 04-09-2016 to 11-12-2018
Dr. Urjit R. Patel assumed charge as the twenty-fourth Governor of the Reserve Bank of India effective September 4, 2016 after serving as Deputy Governor since January 2013, He was re-appointed as Deputy Governor on January 11, 2016 after completion of his first three-year term of office. Among his assignments as Deputy Governor, Dr. Patel chaired the Expert Committee to Revise and Strengthen the Monetary Policy Framework. Representing India, he actively participated in steering the signing into force of the inter-governmental treaty and the Inter-Central Bank Agreement (ICBA) among the BRICS nations, which led to the establishment of the Contingent Reserve Arrangement (CRA), a swap line framework among the central banks of these countries. Dr. Patel has also served at the International Monetary Fund (IMF). He was on deputation from the IMF to the Reserve Bank during 1996-1997, and in that capacity he provided advice on development of the debt market, banking sector reforms, pension fund reforms, and evolution of the foreign exchange market. He was a Consultant to the Ministry of Finance (Department of Economic Affairs), Government of India, from 1998 to 2001. He has also had other assignments in the public and private sectors. Dr. Patel has worked closely with several central and state government high level committees, including the Task Force on Direct Taxes (Kelkar Committee), the High Level Expert Group for Reviewing the Civil & Defence Services Pension System, the Prime Minister’s Task Force on Infrastructure, the Group of Ministers on Telecom Matters, the Committee on Civil Aviation Reforms and the Ministry of Power’s Expert Group on State Electricity Boards. Dr. Patel has several publications in the areas of Indian macroeconomics, monetary policy, public finance, the Indian financial sector, international trade, and regulatory economics. Dr. Patel has a Ph.D in economics from Yale University, an M. Phil from University of Oxford and a B. Sc. from the University of London.

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Shri Shaktikanta Das 12-12-2018 to date
Shri Shaktikanta Das, IAS Retd., former Secretary, Department of Revenue and Department of Economic Affairs, Ministry of Finance, Government of India assumed charge as the 25th Governor of the Reserve Bank of India effective December 12, 2018. Immediately prior to his current assignment, he was acting as Member, 15th Finance Commission and G20 Sherpa of India. Shri Shaktikanta Das has vast experience in various areas of governance in the last 38 years. Shri Das has held important positions in the Central and State Governments in the areas of Finance, Taxation, Industries, Infrastructure, etc. During his long tenure in the Ministry of Finance, Government of India, he was directly associated with the preparation of as many as 8 Union Budgets. Shri Das has also served as India’s Alternate Governor in the World Bank, Asian Development Bank (ADB), New Development Bank (NDB) and Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB). He has represented India in international fora like the IMF, G20, BRICS, SAARC, etc. Shri Shaktikanta Das is a postgraduate from St. Stephen’s College, Delhi University.

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What is the area of Arunachal Pradesh in 2022?

ARUNACHAL PRADESH, situated in the north eastern part of India is 83,743 sq km in area and has a long international border with Bhutan to the west (160 km), China to the north and north-east (1,080 km) and Myanmar to the east (440 km). It stretches from snow-capped mountains in the north to the plains of Brahmaputra valley in the south.

  • Arunachal is the largest state area wise in the north-eastern region, even larger than Assam which is the most populous.
  • It is a land of lush green forests, deep river valleys and beautiful plateaus.
  • The land is mostly mountainous with Himalayan ranges along the northern borders criss-crossed with mountain ranges running north-south.

These divide the State into five river valleys : the Kameng, the Subansiri, the Siang, the Lohit and the Tirap. All these rivers are fed by snows from the Himalayas and countless rivers and rivulets except Tirap which is fed by Patkai Range. The mightiest of these rivers is Siang, called Tsangpo in Tibet, which becomes Brahmaputra after it is joined by the Dibang and the Lohit in the plains of Assam. High mountains and dense forests have prevented intercommunication between tribes living in different river valleys.

Isolation imposed by geography has led different tribes with several dialects to live and flourish with their distinct identities.Nature has endowed the people with a deep sense of beauty which finds delightful expression in their songs, dances and crafts. Trees of great size, plentiful climbers and abundance of cane and bamboo make Arunachal evergreen.

Tropical rain forests are to be found in the foothills and the hills in the east on the border with Myanmar. Northern most border is covered with Alpine forests. Amidst the highly rugged terrain, there are green forests and plateaus. The climate varies from hot and humid in the Shivalik range with heavy rainfall. Arunachal Pradesh became a full-fledged State on February 20, 1987. Till 1972, it was known as the North-East Frontier Agency (NEFA). It gained the Union Territory status on January 20, 1972 and renamed as Arunachal Pradesh. On August 15, 1975 an elected Legislative Assembly was constituted and the first Council of Ministers assumed office.
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Who is a governor?

Executive – GOVERNOR State executive consists of Governor and Council of Ministers with Chief Minister as its head. The Governor of a State is appointed by the President for a term of five years and holds office during his pleasure. Only Indian citizens above 35 years of age are eligible for appointment to this office.

Executive power of the State is vested in Governor. Council of Ministers with Chief Minister as head aids and advises Governor in exercise of his functions except in so far as he is by or under the Constitution required to exercise his functions or any of them in his discretion. In respect of Nagaland, Governor has special responsibility under Article 371 A of the Constitution with respect to law and order and even though it is necessary for him to consult Council of Ministers in matters relating to law and order, he can exercise his individual judgement as to the action to be taken.

Similarly, in respect of Arunachal Pradesh, Governor has special responsibility under Article 371H of the Constitution with respect to law and order and in discharge of his functions in relation thereto. Governor shall, after consulting Council of Ministers, exercise his individual judgement as to the action to be taken.

These are, however, temporary provisions if President, on receipt of a report from Governor or otherwise is satisfied that it is no longer necessary for Governor to have special responsibility with respect to law and order, he may so direct by an order. Likewise, in the Sixth Schedule which applies to tribal areas of Assam, Meghalaya, Tripura and Mizoram as specified in para 20 of that Schedule, discretionary powers are given to Governor in matters relating to sharing of royalties between district council and state government.

Sixth Schedule vests additional discretionary powers in Governors of Mizoram and Tripura in almost all their functions (except approving regulations for levy of taxes and money lending by non-tribal by district councils) since December 1998. In Sikkim, Governor has been given special responsibility for peace and social and economic advancement of different sections of population.
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Who is the vice governor of India 2022?

Current Indian lieutenant governors –

Union territory (past lieutenant governors) Elected legislature? Name Portrait Took office (tenure length) Appointed by Ref
Andaman and Nicobar Islands ( list ) Admiral Devendra Kumar Joshi 8 October 2017 ( 5 years, 61 days) Ram Nath Kovind
Delhi ( list ) ( Legislative Assembly ) Vinai Kumar Saxena 26 May 2022 ( 196 days)
Jammu and Kashmir ( list ) ( Legislative Assembly ) Manoj Sinha 7 August 2020 ( 2 years, 123 days)
Ladakh ( list ) R.K. Mathur 31 October 2019 ( 3 years, 38 days)
Puducherry ( list ) ( Legislative Assembly ) Tamilisai Soundararajan (additional charge) 18 February 2021 ( 1 year, 293 days)

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