Who Introduced Modern Education In India?

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Who Introduced Modern Education In India
The Education System in India – GNU Project – Free Software Foundation In ancient times, India had the Gurukula system of education in which anyone who wished to study went to a teacher’s (Guru) house and requested to be taught. If accepted as a student by the guru, he would then stay at the guru’s place and help in all activities at home.

  1. This not only created a strong tie between the teacher and the student, but also taught the student everything about running a house.
  2. The guru taught everything the child wanted to learn, from Sanskrit to the holy scriptures and from Mathematics to Metaphysics.
  3. The student stayed as long as she wished or until the guru felt that he had taught everything he could teach.

All learning was closely linked to nature and to life, and not confined to memorizing some information. The modern school system was brought to India, including the English language, originally by Lord Thomas Babington Macaulay in the 1830s. The curriculum was confined to “modern” subjects such as science and mathematics, and subjects like metaphysics and philosophy were considered unnecessary.

Teaching was confined to classrooms and the link with nature was broken, as also the close relationship between the teacher and the student. The Uttar Pradesh (a state in India) Board of High School and Intermediate Education was the first Board set up in India in the year 1921 with jurisdiction over Rajputana, Central India and Gwalior.

In 1929, the Board of High School and Intermediate Education, Rajputana, was established. Later, boards were established in some of the states. But eventually, in 1952, the constitution of the board was amended and it was renamed Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE).

All schools in Delhi and some other regions came under the Board. It was the function of the Board to decide on things like curriculum, textbooks and examination system for all schools affiliated to it. Today there are thousands of schools affiliated to the Board, both within India and in many other countries from Afghanistan to Zimbabwe.

Universal and compulsory education for all children in the age group of 6-14 was a cherished dream of the new government of the Republic of India. This is evident from the fact that it is incorporated as a directive policy in article 45 of the constitution.

  • But this objective remains far away even more than half a century later.
  • However, in the recent past, the government appears to have taken a serious note of this lapse and has made primary education a Fundamental Right of every Indian citizen.
  • The pressures of economic growth and the acute scarcity of skilled and trained manpower must certainly have played a role to make the government take such a step.
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The expenditure by the Government of India on school education in recent years comes to around 3% of the GDP, which is recognized to be very low. “In recent times, several major announcements were made for developing the poor state of affairs in education sector in India, the most notable ones being the National Common Minimum Programme (NCMP) of the United Progressive Alliance (UPA) government.

  • The announcements are; (a) To progressively increase expenditure on education to around 6 percent of GDP.
  • B) To support this increase in expenditure on education, and to increase the quality of education, there would be an imposition of an education cess over all central government taxes.
  • C) To ensure that no one is denied of education due to economic backwardness and poverty.

(d) To make right to education a fundamental right for all children in the age group 6–14 years. (e) To universalize education through its flagship programmes such as Sarva Siksha Abhiyan and Mid Day Meal.” ()
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Why was modern education introduced in India?

Critically examine the motives behind British efforts towards the expansion of modern education system. Topic : Modern Indian history from about the middle of the eighteenth century until the present- significant events, personalities, issues.1. Critically examine the motives behind British efforts towards the expansion of modern education system.

  • Why the question:
  • The question is from the static portions of Modern history portions of GS paper I.
  • Key Demand of the question:
  • Discuss the motives behind British efforts towards the expansion of modern education system and analyse them critically.
  • Directive:
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Critically examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we have to look into the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications.

  1. Structure of the answer:
  2. Introduction:
  3. Briefly explain the expansion of modern education system in the British times.
  4. Body:

Critically analyse the development of modern education; The company wanted some educated Indians who could assist them in the administration of the land. Also, they wanted to understand the local customs and laws well. Explain the events that classify the point that motives behind British efforts towards the expansion of modern education system were not merely to educate Indians but to have educated class of Indians for their benefit.

  • British wanted to introduce modern western education to serve their economic interests as English education would convince Indians about the superiority of British goods which were machine made, it would make Indians recognize the advantages of trade and commerce.
  • Conclusion: Conclude with significance of it to Indian system.

: Critically examine the motives behind British efforts towards the expansion of modern education system.
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What is a modern education?

Which one is better than best – Both the types of education have their own place and importance. We cannot declare any type of education good or bad. The traditional was good in its period and the modern education is good in its period. Actually, it depends on the person.

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It depends on what the person wants to learn. If a person wants to learn about his customs and religion, then definitely traditional education is better for him. On the other hand, if a person wants to learn about science or mathematics, then modern education is good for him. Both the type of the educations is equally important.

Traditional educated is often associated with our culture. And it is good or we can say it is important to learn about own culture. Everyone should what are their traditions, culture and the stories and beliefs of their religion. In the same way, it is equally important to catch up with world in terms of the modern developments which are occurring today.
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Who is the father of education society?

Modern History: Development of Modern Education During British Rule in India

Two early social theorists share credit as the fathers of educational psychology. These are Max Weber and Emile Durkheim.
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How did the British contribute to the rise of modern India?

Britain’s major contribution to India’s economic development throughout the era of crown rule was the railroad network that spread so swiftly across the subcontinent after 1858, when there were barely 200 miles (320 km) of track in all of India.
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