Who Introduced English Education In India Officially?
|English Education Act 1835|
|Council of India|
|Enacted by||Council of India|
The English Education Act 1835 was a legislative Act of the Council of India, gave effect to a decision in 1835 by Lord William Bentinck, then Governor-General of the British East India Company, to reallocate funds it was required by the British Parliament to spend on education and literature in India,
Previously, they had given limited support to traditional Muslim and Hindu education and the publication of literature in the then traditional languages of education in India ( Sanskrit and Persian ); henceforward they were to support establishments teaching a Western curriculum with English as the language of instruction.
Together with other measures promoting English as the language of administration and of the higher law courts (instead of Persian, as under the Mughal Empire ), this led eventually to English becoming one of the languages of India, rather than simply the native tongue of its foreign rulers.
In discussions leading up to the Act Thomas Babington Macaulay produced his famous Memorandum on (Indian) Education which was scathing on the inferiority (as he saw it) of native (particularly Hindu) culture and learning. He argued that Western learning was superior, and currently could only be taught through the medium of English.
There was therefore a need to produce—by English-language higher education—”a class of persons, Indian in blood and colour, but English in taste, in opinions, in morals and in intellect” who could in their turn develop the tools to transmit Western learning in the vernacular languages of India.
Among Macaulay’s recommendations were the immediate stopping of the printing by the East India Company of Arabic and Sanskrit books and that the company should not continue to support traditional education beyond “the Sanskrit College at Benares and the Mahometan College at Delhi” (which he considered adequate to maintain traditional learning).
The act itself, however, took a less negative attitude to traditional education and was soon succeeded by further measures based upon the provision of adequate funding for both approaches. Vernacular language education, however, continued to receive little funding, although it had not been much supported before 1835 in any case.
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When was the English Education Act passed in India?
The English Education Act was introduced in the year, No worries! We‘ve got your back. Try BYJU‘S free classes today! Right on! Give the BNAT exam to get a 100% scholarship for BYJUS courses No worries! We‘ve got your back. Try BYJU‘S free classes today! No worries! We‘ve got your back. Try BYJU‘S free classes today! Open in App Suggest Corrections 0 : The English Education Act was introduced in the year,
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Who is the founder of English education?
On this day in 1835, Lord Macaulay successfully westernised education in India; English was made the official language for the government and courts, and was adopted as the official medium of instruction. – Macaulay v/s traditional languages : Ever wondered why we use UK English in India? Thomas Babington, better known as Lord Macaulay, is the man who brought the English language and British education to India. His highly debatable introduction of the English language and the approach to minimalise the use of traditional languages makes an interesting read.
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Who is known as father of English?
|Portrait of Chaucer (19th century, held by the National Library of Wales )|
|Born||c. 1340s London, England|
|Died||25 October 1400 (aged 56–57) London, England|
|Resting place||Westminster Abbey, London, England|
|Spouse||Philippa Roet ( m.1366) |
|Children||4, including Thomas|
Geoffrey Chaucer (; c. 1340s – 25 October 1400) was an English poet, author, and civil servant best known for The Canterbury Tales, He has been called the “father of English literature”, or, alternatively, the “father of English poetry”. He was the first writer to be buried in what has since come to be called Poets’ Corner, in Westminster Abbey,
- Chaucer also gained fame as a philosopher and astronomer, composing the scientific A Treatise on the Astrolabe for his 10-year-old son Lewis.
- He maintained a career in the civil service as a bureaucrat, courtier, diplomat, and member of parliament.
- Among Chaucer’s many other works are The Book of the Duchess, The House of Fame, The Legend of Good Women, and Troilus and Criseyde,
He is seen as crucial in legitimising the literary use of Middle English when the dominant literary languages in England were still Anglo-Norman French and Latin, Chaucer’s contemporary Thomas Hoccleve hailed him as “the firste fyndere of our fair langage”.
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Who is the father of major English?
Geoffrey Chaucer: The Father of Modern English? Touted as the father of modern English by his contemporaries and later (even modern) critics, (1343-1400) remains one of the essential medieval writers that still has prevalence in our literary culture today.
Most well known as a poet, Chaucer worked as a bureaucrat, courtier, and diplomat, which exposed him to the courtly style of life that he explores, questions, and mocks in his works. Most notably, Chaucer wrote in his vernacular English, as opposed to Latin or French, and also translated many important Continental works, such as Boccacio’s The Decameron and Boethius’s Consolation of Philosophy into English,
The popularity of Chaucer’s works written in the London dialect of Middle English gave rise to this dialect’s prominence and eventual status as modern English’s predecessor. In his lifetime, Chaucer’s best known and most well-received work was, a story of two star-crossed lovers in Troy that fall upon misfortune through the insufficiency of language to convey their love for one another.
Modern audiences, however, know Chaucer best for his unfinished poem, which chronicles a group of pilgrims journeying to Canterbury Cathedral. The pilgrims agree to entertain themselves along the journey by telling each other tales; each agrees to tell two tales on both legs of the journey. Unfortunately, Chaucer completed only 24 tales before his untimely death.
The 24 Tales with which we are left, however, are exemplary in their discussion of genre, authorship, reader-response, and concern with dissemination of written material. Within each of the tales, Chaucer explores a variety of issues and constructs the tales in ways that are influenced by various Continental authors, specifically Dante, Boccacio, and French romantic poets.
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Why was English education introduced?
Who Introduced English Education In India? Lord Macaulay, sometimes known as Thomas Babington, introduced the English language and British education to India. His extremely controversial introduction to the English language and strategy to minimize the usage of traditional languages makes for an intriguing read.
- The English Education Act 1835, a regulatory act of the Council of India, brought changes to a decision made in 1835 by Lord William Bentinck, the then-Governor-General of the British East India Company, to reassign funds that the British Parliament had mandated the company to spend on education and literature in India.
- Before this, they had provided limited support for traditional Muslim and Hindu education and the publishing of literature in the then-traditional languages of education in India (Sanskrit and Persian); subsequently, they were to provide support for institutions teaching a Western curriculum in English.
- Together with other metrics promoting English as the language of management and of the higher law courts (rather than Persian, as being under the Mughal Empire), this eventually resulted in English becoming one of India’s official languages, as opposed to merely the mother tongue of its foreign rulers.
- In negotiations leading up to the Act, Thomas Babington Macaulay authored his infamous Memorandum on (Indian) Education, in which he criticized the (perceived) inferiority of indigenous (especially Hindu) culture and learning.
- He maintained that Western education was superior and could now only be taught through the English language.
- Therefore, it was necessary to build, via English-language higher education, “a class of individuals, Indian in blood and color, but English in taste, in ideas, in morals, and in intellect,” which in turn might develop the means to transfer Western knowledge in the vernacular languages of India.
- Macaulay suggested that the East India Company immediately cease producing Arabic and Sanskrit literature and that the company should cease supporting the education system beyond “the Sanskrit College at Benares and the Mahomedan College in Delhi” (which he considered sufficient to manage traditional learning).
- However, the legislation had a less critical stance toward conventional schooling and was quickly followed by other provisions based on appropriate support for both modalities.
- However, vernacular language education continued to get minimal money, although it had received little support before 1835.