Which State Is Spending More Budget On Education?
Public Education Spending by State – Education spending refers to the money spent by public schools. This may include teacher and administrator salaries, supplies, building maintenance, field trips, etc. These numbers refer to how much money has a direct impact on public school students.
- New York schools spend the most on K-12 education per pupil.
- California spends the most on postsecondary education.
- New York also spends the second-most on K-12 education in terms of a percentage of local taxpayer income.
- Alaska K-12 schools spend the most in terms of a percentage of taxpayer income.
- District of Columbia K-12 public school students receive the second-most expensive education.
- District of Columbia K-12 schools spend the least in terms of a percentage of local taxpayer income.
- North Carolina makes the most of its funding for K-12 education, having the least funds per pupil leftover after spending on students.
|State||K-12 Spending||Postsecondary Spending|
|District of Columbia||$22,832||$27,142|
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- 1 Which state spends most on education in India?
- 2 Which is No 1 city for education in India?
- 3 Which state is No 2 in education in India?
- 4 Which state ranks in education?
- 5 Which state is poor in education in India?
- 6 Which is the top 1 educated district?
- 7 Where do students spend most of their money?
Which state spends most on education in India?
Per capita education expenditure is the amount of expenditure done on education during the year, The highest per capita expenditure is for the state of Lakshadweep.
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Which country spends the most per student on education?
Education Funding Sources – The U.S. spending estimate includes money spent by public sources, such as federally guaranteed student loans and direct loans from the Department of Education, and private funds. Private funds include fees and expenses paid by parents and students and private student loans, which are not federally guaranteed.
Several countries outspent the United States for elementary and secondary education, including Austria, Norway, and Luxembourg, which spent $13.931, $14,353, and $20,900, respectively, in 2015. Luxembourg spends the most per student at the elementary/secondary level, and Mexico spends the least at $3,300 per student.
The United States also spent less of its total wealth on education than many of its counterparts. In terms of the percentage of the gross domestic product (GDP) spent on education, the United States, at approximately 6.2%, trailed Norway, New Zealand, the United Kingdom, Colombia, and Chile.
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Who is number 1 state in education?
1. Massachusetts – Massachusetts has the best-ranked public schools in the United States and is the second-most educated state, just behind the District of Columbia. About 90.40% of Massachusetts adults have a high school diploma, and 42.90% have a Bachelor’s degree or higher.
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What state is ranked 50 in education?
|State||Academic Performance Rank||Overall Rank|
Which is No 1 city for education in India?
The following list shows the Education Quotient of a city, though it is not necessarily a measure of the education density the size of the city automatically has a larger number of institutes. This list shows the quality of education in the particular city since the more institutes listed in India’s 1000 Most Trusted according to city and the quality of education offered in the city. The place for India’s best education hub is a tie between Delhi and Mumbai, both contributing the maximum number of institutes among India’s 1000 Most Trusted, both with 89 each. Bangalore, already quite prominent for being an education hub, unsurprisingly gets the privilege of being India’s second best educational hub with 77 institutes listed in the top 1000 Most Trusted.
Read: Top 15 Most Trusted Colleges in India Chennai is the third best education hub in the country with 63 institutions listed among India’s 1000 Most Trusted. Ahmedabad ranks as the fourth best education hub in India with 52 institutions among the top 1000. Kolkata, the city which has some of India’s oldest institutes, lists 41 among India’s 1000 Most Trusted making it the fifth best education hub in India.
Indore is the sixth best education hub rank in India with 39 institutions. Jaipur and Vishakapatnam tie for the rank as the seventh best education hub in India with 34 institutions each. India’s eighth best education hub is Coimbatore with 30 educational institutes listed among India’s most trusted.
- Bhopal and Lucknow both take ninth place with 27 institutes each in the Most Trusted list.
- India’s tenth best education hub position is taken by three cities together – Jodhpur, Kota and Nagpur, with each having 23 education institutes listed among India’s 1000 Most Trusted.
- To know more about the cities, click here,
Top 10 cities:
Delhi / MumbaiBangaloreChennaiAhmedabadKolkataIndoreJaipur / VizagCoimbatoreBhopal / LucknowJodhpur / Kota / Nagpur
Which is the No 1 education in India?
1- ECOLE GLOBALE INTERNATIONAL GIRLS SCHOOL, DEHRADUN – Ecole Globale International Girls’ School, Dehradun Ecole Globale International Girls School was established in 2012 and is run under the Asian Educational Charitable Trust. The institution serves exclusively for the holistic development of girls who proudly call themselves ‘Ecoliers’.
Ecole has one of the most beautiful campuses across India. Ecole Globale is considered one of the best schools in India. The Campus spreads across 40 acres of land, is situated amidst open green pastures providing the children with a perfect setting for learning in a serene and eco-friendly environment.
The school campus also provides five spacious boarding houses along with amply equipped sports amenities, medical facilities, and a messing hall. At EGIGS, they believe in maintaining the utmost cleanliness and proper maintenance of the academic and non-academic spaces.
The education is provided to the students from 4th to grade 12th. The students are also given an option to choose between the Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) and Cambridge International Education (CIE), keeping in mind their educational background and their future goals. Ecole Globale has been ranked 6th in India in ‘Peer and Parent Surveys’ conducted by the Education World Magazine.
The institution has also been ranked among the ‘ Best Boarding School in India for Girls, The students are kept under CCTV Surveillance 24*7 to ensure their safety. Some laboratories and AC classrooms are provided. Meals are offered as per the requirements of the students to maintain a healthy lifestyle.
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Which state has most teachers in India?
UP, Bihar, West Bengal highest teacher shortage – The ‘State of the Education Report for India: No Teachers, No Class’ based on government data states that 11.16 lakh teaching posts are lying vacant in schools across the country, which is 19% of the total teaching posts sanctioned.69 percent of vacant posts are in schools located in rural areas.
- Among states, Madhya Pradesh has the highest number of single-teacher schools (21,077).
- While, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar and West Bengal have the highest number of vacant teaching posts.
- UP has 3.3 lakh, Bihar has 2.2 lakh and West Bengal has 1.1 lakh posts vacant.
- The report, also states that while teacher availability has improved, pupil-teacher ratios are still adverse in secondary schools.
This third edition of the State of Education Report focused on the theme of teachers, teaching and teacher education, underscores that the work of teaching is complex. It attempts to provide an understanding of key aspects of the teaching profession, provides a profile of the 9.6 million teaching workforce, as well the challenges of their intricate teaching routine and their professional development.
- India has made enormous strides in the education sector in the past decades and teachers have been integral, in this progress.
- The National Education Policy 2020 recognizes and identifies teachers as the heart of the learning process, and that is why we decided to dedicate the 3rd edition of our State of the Education Report for India, to them.
Without teachers, there can be no class,” Eric Falt, Director, UNESCO New Delhi.
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Which country is best to study education?
2. Canada –
Reasons: World-class education, increasing job demand, high quality of life, and immigration opportunities
A teaching career isn’t something one can try and opt-out of at any time. As cliche as it sounds, it is a calling, and choosing this profession is pretty much one’s life’s purpose. If you’re looking to take your Bachelor’s in Education abroad, Canada is just about the ideal country for you.
University of Toronto University of British Columbia McGill University
The University of Toronto even ranked 3rd place among thousands of universities worldwide. Fourteen other universities joined the QS Ranking list. After completing your studies in Canada, you also need not worry about looking for places to work. The country sees an increasing demand for teachers in the near future.
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Which country’s students study the most?
Which are the most searched for countries for studying overseas?
|The Top 10 Countries for Studying Abroad||Number of countries searching to study here the most|
Which countries students study most?
Society Education & Science
Premium Premium statistics Industry-specific and extensively researched technical data (partially from exclusive partnerships). A paid subscription is required for full access. The United States was the top host destination for international students worldwide.
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Which state is No 2 in education in India?
Kerala, Maharashtra, Punjab top Modi government’s school performance index for states Representational image | ANI
- New Delhi : Kerala, Punjab, Chandigarh, Maharashtra, Gujarat, Rajasthan, and Andhra Pradesh have emerged as the top seven states and union territories (UTs) in terms of performance in school education, shows a new report released by the union Ministry of Education (MoE) Thursday.
- The Performance Grading Index (PGI) report 2020-21 measures the performance of states on the basis of parameters including learning outcomes, infrastructure and facilities and governance, among others.
- The states were graded on different band levels, starting from 951-1000 or Level 1 score, down to 550 or Level 10, which was the lowest level.
- Kerala, Maharashtra and Punjab received the highest individual scores among all states and UTs, 928 out of 1000, making it to Level 2 of the PGI.
- “A total of 7 States and UTs, including Kerala, Punjab, Chandigarh, Maharashtra, Gujarat, Rajasthan, and Andhra Pradesh have attained Level 2 (score 901-950) in 2020-21 as compared to none in 2017-18,” stated the MoE report.
- In the past four years since the PGI was introduced in 2017-18, no state has ever made it to Level 1 of the index.
The report added: “A major purpose of the PGI is creation of an environment that would nudge each State/UT to improve its performance continuously.” According to the report, data over the years has shown that there has been improvement in the performance of all states and UTs. Also read :
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Which state ranks in education?
|States||Education Index||Base year ranks|
Which state is the lowest in education?
Not all states are equal when it comes to education, At least, that’s according to a new report from WalletHub, which found the most and least educated states in the U.S. in 2022. For its report, WalletHub compared all 50 U.S. states based on 18 measurements such as share of adults aged 25 and older with at least a high school diploma, quality of school system, blue ribbon schools per capita, public high school graduation rate and NAEP Math & Reading test scores.
- ENTREPRENEUR, AGE 13, ENCOURAGES KIDS TO NEVER STOP STUDYING WalletHub also found how states ranked within some of those specific measurements.
- For example, the personal finance website found that Montana has the highest percentage of high school diploma holders, while California has the lowest percentage.
Colorado had the highest percentage of associate’s degree holders or college-experienced adults, while Massachusetts had the highest percentage of bachelor’s degree holders. BEST CITIES FOR FOOTBALL FANS THIS YEAR: REPORT Meanwhile, West Virginia was found to have both the lowest percentage of associate’s degree holders or college-experienced adults and the lowest percentage of bachelor’s degree holders, according to WalletHub.
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Which state has the best economy?
These are the best and worst state economies As mounting recession risks threaten to slow the growth of the U.S. economy, not all states are faring equally. A recent study from ranked the 50 U.S. states and D.C. by economic performance and health. The analysis used data from the Bureau of Labor Statistics and the U.S.
Census to evaluate each state on 28 metrics, including unemployment rates, exports, and the ability to develop startup companies. Washington topped the list of best state economies, ranking third on economic activity, seventh on economic health, and second on innovation potential. Utah and California rounded out the top three state economies.
At the bottom of the list were Louisiana, Alaska, and West Virginia. “There actually isn’t a striking regional trend,” WalletHub analyst Jill Gonzales wrote to Yahoo Finance. “The top three ranking states are in the West — Washington, California, and Utah, but they’re followed by two East Coast states, Massachusetts and New Hampshire.” As states emerge from downturns caused by the coronavirus pandemic, several experts expressed that vaccination rates and public health measures were key to stimulating recovering economies.
- The factors driving vaccination rates also drive the other economic outcomes,” University of Oklahoma Professor Gregory Burge wrote to Yahoo Finance in an email, warning against drawing conclusions from correlation.
- Having said all of that, the simple intuition that higher rates of vaccination are a good thing for both human and economic health in a state.” Given the availability of vaccines and booster shots, Burge also encouraged states to loosen remaining COVID restrictions.
“In my view, we are well past the point where the benefits of removing any restrictions on gatherings/travel outweigh the costs of removing those measures,” Burge wrote in the report. “A thoughtful complement to embracing this full return to normalcy would be continued support for subsidized vaccines/boosters — which should help maintain these more favorable conditions for public health and safety.” SEATTLE, WA – MAY 20: The Space Needle is seen near The Spheres at the Amazon.com Inc.
Tech and innovation fueling economic engines According to the results, more prosperous state economies tended to balance GDP growth with attentiveness to jobs, especially in the tech sector.New Hampshire’s economy, which ranked fifth overall, stood out for its ability to increase GDP while also maintaining a low unemployment rate.Other states like California and Washington, however, boasted strong state economies even though they experienced elevated unemployment rates.A key factor that uplifted the overall ranking for these states was their innovation potential, which can be measured by the number of independent inventor patents.”States that have a higher innovation potential can attract more highly skilled workers and potential entrepreneurs which have a positive impact on the economy,” Gonzales said.
Apple workers cheer as the first iPad customers walk through the door on the first day of Apple iPad sales at an Apple store in San Francisco, Saturday, April 3, 2010. Eager customers have been lining up outside Apple Stores and some Best Buys to be among the first to buy an iPad as sales started at 9 a.m.
Saturday in each time zone. (AP Photo/Paul Sakuma) That innovation potential was a differentiator for California, particularly in comparison to another economic and cultural hub: New York. Despite having the third-best state economy, California ranked 31st in economic health and tied for the sixth-highest (4.6%) in April.
Where California excelled, however, was in its innovation potential, which ranked third in the nation. New York fared even worse, according to the indicators, possessing the worst ranking on economic health, second-lowest government surplus, and high unemployment.
One of the differences between California and Massachusetts on one side and New York on the other is the innovation potential,” Gonzales said. “This is a lot higher in the first two states, mostly due to the larger percentage of jobs in STEM and high-tech industries. California and Massachusetts also fare better than New York in terms of economic health, as they have lower unemployment and a higher growth in state personal income.” BERKELEY, CALIFORNIA – MAY 02: Diesel trucks drive along Interstate 80 on May 02, 2022 in Berkeley, California.
(Photo by Justin Sullivan/Getty Images) In some cases, poor environments for tech innovation can stymie state economies with other positive attributes such as strong exports. Struggling economies like Louisiana and Alaska may excel in exports per capita, but their economies were curbed by floundering median household incomes and environments for startup companies.
- Another striking example is Virginia, where the median household income more than doubles that of the neighboring state of West Virginia — a state with a low level of startups, tech jobs, and individual patents.
- Limited growth potential can have a ripple effect across the and upward mobility.
- The benefits associated with a robust tech sector have led many states to offer incentives to attract companies within their borders.
George Mason University Professor Vincent Geloso, who contributed to the WalletHub research, wrote that “economic freedoms” such as tax cuts and deregulations “minimize downturns associated with exogenous shocks such as a pandemic” while also accelerating recovery.
- He attributed this to in-migration that encourages talent retention within states.
- Not all experts view competition among states for businesses as a plus, however.
- Burge noted that this “prisoner’s dilemma” leaves states “collectively worse off.” “Each state does what is in their own individual best interest, but the aggregation of those actions leads to a socially inferior outcome,” Burge wrote.
“It is basically the unraveling of the invisible hand principle – and a legitimate shortcoming of the way the US taxes businesses.” Luke is a producer for Yahoo Finance. You can follow him on Twitter, Follow Yahoo Finance on,,,,, and : These are the best and worst state economies
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Which state is poor in education in India?
India is among the ten fastest growing economies in the world, but the point is India is still having largest number in terms of illiterates, about 40% of the Indian’s are illiterates. Niraj, an endeavor from slums of Kolkata who cracked IIT-JEE despite his paved path and his elder brother is an employee in Blue chip company and his sister is commerce graduate ( 18-year-old Kolkata slum boy scripts IIT success story — Times of India ).
Not only Niraj there are lakhs of poor students who are capable of achieving success, but the problem is Our education in government schools, many bright minds go to labor work lack of facilities in schools. Government teacher children won’t be studying in a government school because he knows the quality of education in his school.
In an ordinary government school, the facilities are limited.
Many of the schools don’t meet the electricity.Sanitation.ToiletsLack of teachersLack of proper classroom.The scheme of afternoon food distribution won’t be regular.Funds are being swallowed.
According to a recent survey conducted in 780 Government Schools across 13 Indian States, key facilities (including toilets/ drinking water) were mostly found missing or in a poor condition. The survey further shows that while the RTE act called for sufficient infrastructure, less than 5% schools have all the 9 facilities mentioned in the act. The 2013–14 edition of the District Information System for Education (DISE) report shows that India’s schooling system is overwhelmingly skewed towards primary schools. There are five times more primary schools than there are secondary schools. At the state level, this discrepancy becomes even more stark. In the case of toilets, however, India fares quite well. According to DISE data, 86% schools in India have boys toilets while 91% have girls toilets. Most of the states have toilets in more than 80% of their schools. Among the worst performers are Arunachal Pradesh and Meghalaya. The average class size — or students per classroom — in India across the levels of schooling was 42. States such as Bihar and Jharkhand fare worse with an average of 78 and 67 students per classroom, respectively. Bihar’s secondary education facilities seem especially strained, with 97 students per class.
Jharkhand has that issue in higher secondary education with 94 students per class. The student-teacher ratio in India stands at 27.25:1 across all levels of schooling. This seems healthy in light of the Right to Education Act stipulation of a ratio of 30:1. However, the student-teacher ratio of 41:1 in higher secondary education needs some work.
Uttar Pradesh, in particular, needs to hire much more teachers as its ratio of 60:1 is well above the recommended level. The quality of the teachers is also important for learning outcomes. The DISE data shows that only 69% of all school teachers in the country have a graduate degree or more. However, around 91% of all higher secondary teachers in the country have a graduate degree or more. Only eight states have a proportion lower than this. The DISE data shows that only 6 out of every 10 schools in the country have access to electricity. State-level data throws up an even grimmer picture — one-third of states do not provide electricity to the majority of their schools. Bihar again is the worst offender with only 10% of its schools having access to electricity.
Out of 51,094 schools, 40,087 schools doesn’t meet electricity facility. This summer is very hot, how students can bear such a temperature its 45 degrees already. Tribal dominated district Urbhanj tops with 3,349 schools with no electricity. The irony is Odisha CM Naveen Patnaik home district stands next to Urbhanj in 2nd place with 2,083 schools with no electricity.About 78.45% schools don’t have electricity in Odisha.
Andhra Pradesh :
Out of a total number of 2739 schools in the Vizianagaram district of Andhra Pradesh, 1662 schools are yet to be provided with the facility of overhead tanks and running water. Many girls quote this has a big reason for dropping out of school. Remember it’s only one district there are 9 districts in Andhra Pradesh, who knows what is the status of remaining schools.
Meghalaya has failed to implement RTE(Right To Education) act 2009. In this particular state has the shortage of 17,000 teachers and over 70% of untrained staff. By the end of March 2016, there are 1748 primary and 224 upper primary schools are having only one teacher for each school with students of 7,769.85% of upper primary schools and 77% of primary schools are untrained and 68 schools don’t have Maths and science teachers.
The irony is Meghalaya has highest enrollment in the year 2011–12 with 96%, but they failed to universalise the elementary education because of lack of performance by the education department. These are just few examples and there are many more awful things in our Government Schools that needs to be taken care of.
We believe education reduces poverty, empowers women and helps prevent diseases. We at Saakshar Organisation are doing our part in improving the education system, Join us in building a better tomorrow and make significant difference.
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Which is the smartest city in India?
Cities Profile of Round 1 Smart Cities
|S.No.||Name Of City||Entry Date|
Which is the top 1 educated district?
Districts with Highest Literacy Rate
In which country do students spend the greatest amount of time in class?
Chile: Greatest Amount of Class Time – Chile has the highest average amount of school days worldwide for primary school students. These Chileans spend 1,007 hours a year behind a desk. Chile is at the top of Latin American countries in reading and math, so there is a payoff to all that instructional time.
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Where do students spend most of their money?
The characteristics of student spending generally include greater money spent on food, entertainment, electronic devices, and personal care products. Teenage spending often involves cash spent on clothing, music, movies, and video games. While many college students spend money on these same items, their expenses are often larger for this category of students.
Teenagers usually have access to food at home, so the bulk of their spending tends to revolve around entertainment and clothing. The teenage years present social pressures related to fitting in with peers and preserving a specific image. Wearing the right brand-name clothing and shoes as well as keeping up with the latest fashion trends is a large part of creating and preserving this image.
Teenage spending also often includes purchases of video games and music. These items are common components of social activities and interaction among teenagers. Spending money on coffee and other beverages may be one student expense. Student spending among college students is slightly different. Clothing and entertainment are large expenses for this group. Food, however, is one of the largest expenses for college students. Students text more frequently, which cause higher cell phone bills. College student spending patterns also include purchases of technological equipment and electronic gadgets. These items are sometimes needed for completing college coursework. A college student might buy a computer and a printer, for example, to write papers for his classes. Students are more likely to use credit cards to avoid immediate effects of spending. Student spending among college students typically also includes monthly charges for services. Paying for an Internet connection is one example. A cell phone service with text messaging and Internet access is a common expense for college students.
Some college students also pay for cable television and online subscriptions for movies. Advice for responsible student spending typically includes creating and adhering to a monthly budget and focusing on saving money, which are not common practices among students. Teenagers usually spend money given to them by parents or income earned through part-time jobs.
College students sometimes work in addition to attending classes, but they may also have access to student loans and grants. The absence of budgeting practices among college students often leads to credit card usage for expenses such as food and clothing.
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Which country spends the most time in school?
Indicator 24: Time in Formal Instruction – Time spent on instruction is a major influence on student achievement, but equally if not more important is how that time is spent, an influence not measured here. Time spent on mathematics and science instruction is an indicator of a student’s access to learning opportunities in these subject areas.
Compared with other countries, schools in the United States provided a relatively low number of instructional days during the 1990-91 school year (178), but had a relatively high number of hours of instruction per day (5.6). In the United States, the average number of hours of instruction per year (997) was either similar to or higher than the average in all but two of the countries reported, France and Taiwan. Japan provided relatively few hours of instruction per day (4.0), but had a long school year (220 days). Taiwan had both a relatively long school day and school year and, at 1,177 hours, had the highest number of average hours of instruction per year of all of the countries reported. The United States devoted a relatively large number of hours to both mathematics and science instruction each week (3.8 and 3.7 hours, respectively). These values were among the highest of the countries reported. In most of the countries for which data were available, 13-year-olds received more hours of mathematics instruction per week than science instruction. Students typically received between 3 and 4 hours of mathematics instruction each week, but, in half of the countries reporting data, they received 3 hours or less of science instruction.
Table 24: Time in formal instruction for 13-year-olds,1,2 by country: 1991 — Overall Instruction Mathematics Science – – – Average Average Average hours Average hours Average hours Country hours per day days per year per year per week per week — G-73 Canada 5.1 (0.01) 188 (0.2) 959 (-) 3.8 (0.03) 2.6 (0.03) France 6.2 (0.06) 174 (1.7) 1,079 (-) 3.8 (0.03) 2.9 (0.14) West Germany (former) 4 4.6 (-) 2195 (-) 1,007 (-) (-) (-) – – Japan 4.0 (-) 220 (-) 875 (-) (-) (-) (-) – – United States 5.6 (0.08) 178 (0.4) 997 (-) 3.8 (0.09) 3.7 (0.13) Other Hungary 3.7 (0.02) 177 (1.5) 655 (-) 3.1 (0.04) 3.5 (X) Ireland 5.4 (0.07) 173 (0.9) 934 (-) 3.2 (0.04) 2.7 (0.07) Israel 4.6 (0.11) 215 (2.2) 989 (-) 3.4 (0.06) 3.0 (X) Korea 4.4 (0.04) 222 (0.4) 977 (-) 3.0 (0.03) 2.4 (0.05) Soviet Union (former) 4.1 (0.04) 198 (2.1) 812 (-) 4.3 (0.03) 6.5 (0.01) Taiwan 5.3 (0.12) 222 (2.5) 1,177 (-) 3.4 (0.04) 4.1 (X) — -Not available.
X Jackknifed standard error is greater than,165. In Educational Testing Service, International Assessment of Educational Progress Learning Science, 1992, data and the accompanying standard errors were reported in minutes. For Hungary, Israel, and Taiwan, these standard errors were reported as “greater than 9.9.” When the values were transformed into hours, standard errors for these three countries became “greater than,165” (9.9 minutes is equivalent to,165 hours).1/ The average hours of instruction per day includes only the time students spend exposed to educational instruction and does not include time spent in lunch, extracurricular activities, homeroom, breaks between classes, and other noninstructional activities.
Thus the actual length of the school day may be considerably longer.2/ Jackknifed standard errors are in parentheses.3/ No data available for Italy and the United Kingdom.4/ Reflects 1990-91 school year.5/ Includes both full- and half-days. NOTE: See supplemental note to Indicator 24 for information on indicator calculation for Canada, the former West Germany, Israel, Japan, the former Soviet Union, and the United States.
SOURCE: All countries from Educational Testing Service, International Assessment of Educational Progress, Learning Mathematics, 1992; Learning Science, 1992; except the former West Germany: unpublished tabulations, International Association for the Evaluation of Educational Achievement (IEA) Study of Reading Literacy, 1992; and Japan: National Institute of Educational Research, Ministry of Education, Science, and Culture, Government of Japan, Monbusho, 1992.
Figure 24a: Average hours of formal instruction per year for 13-year-olds, by selected country: 1991 *1990-91 school year. SOURCE: All countries from Educational Testing Service, International Assessment of Educational Progress, Learning Mathematics, 1992; Learning Science, 1992; except the former West Germany: unpublished tabulations, International Association for the Evaluation of Educational Achievement (IEA) Study of Reading Literacy, 1992; and Japan: National Institute of Education Research, Ministry of Education, Science, and Culture, Government of Japan, Monbusho, 1992. *Countries are sorted in descending order by average number of hours of mathematics instruction each week. SOURCE: Educational Testing Service, International Assessment of Educational Progress, Learning Mathematics, 1992; Learning Science, 1992. See Supplemental Notes on Figure and Tables.
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