Which State In India Facilitated Education For Girls?
Best performing states for girls’ education in India – On the other side of the coin, a data released by the government shows that Kerala is the best-performing state for the education of girls. A survey named Household Social Consumption: Education was published by the Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation (MoSPI) in January 2020 has named Kerala as possessing the highest age-specific attendance ratio (ASAR) for women including urban and rural areas from the pre-primary level to pre-university education.
ASAR implies the percentage of women attending educational institutions irrespective of the class or level they are studying in. Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Telangana and Tamil Nadu are listed as having high ASARs. The report went on to add that attendance covered both formal and non-formal education.
“The non-formal education included ‘Non-formal Education Centre’ (NFEC), ‘Total Literacy Campaign’ (TLC), ‘Adult Education Centres’ (AEC) and other non-formal education,” the report added. At the pre-primary level, besides Kerala, Punjab (57 per cent), Telangana (54 per cent), Tamil Nadu (54 per cent), Himachal Pradesh (53 per cent) and Delhi (50 per cent) were the next best performing states in the country.
- Coming to the Pre-university level, Himachal Pradesh (94.4 per cent), Uttarakhand (92.7 per cent), Telangana (92.1 per cent) and Tamil Nadu (91.6 per cent) followed Kerala next on the list.
- Nonetheless, Uttar Pradesh have a poor record as far as education is concerned as the state fares the worst record in India.
The state with the most population is ranked the lowest for both age groups with 22.7 per cent and 64.5 per cent ASAR. However, the Gross Enrollment Ratio of girls in the nation had, for the first time in history edged past boys across various levels.
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- 1 Which is the best performing state for education of girls?
- 1.1 Who started the education for girls in India?
- 1.2 Which is the first girls school in India?
- 1.3 Which gender is more educated in India?
- 1.4 Which gender is more in Kerala?
- 1.5 Which state has highest female literacy rate in India?
- 2 Which is the No 1 school in India for girls?
Which is the best performing state for education of girls?
These are the Indian states with the lowest female literacy rate The National Statistical Office (NSO) conducted a nationwide study on in India as part of the 75th round of National Sample Survey (NSS) – from July 2017 to June 2018 and it provides a comprehensive analysis of female literacy rates for every state of India, considering persons aged seven and above.
As per the report, India’s country-wide female literacy rate is 70.3%, while the male literacy rate is estimated at 84.7%. India’s average literacy rate stands at 77.7%, according to the NSO. Kerala tops the list with the highest female literacy rate of 95.2%, while Rajasthan is the worst performing state with only 57.6% of its female population being literate.
Literacy rate definition Literacy rate in a population refers to the percentage of literate individuals among persons aged seven and above. According to the 2011 Census, a person is considered as literate when they can read and write a simple message with understanding at least in any one language.
|State||Female Literacy rate||Male literacy rate||Overall literacy rate|
NSS survey from July 2017 to June 2018. The literacy rate in % is among persons of age seven and above and includes rural + urban areas. Indian states with the lowest female literacy rates As per the NSS report, Rajasthan has the lowest number of literate females in the state, with the female literacy percentage for the state pegged at 57.6%.
The other states that have recorded the lowest female literacy rates in India are Andhra Pradesh, Bihar, Uttar Pradesh, and Jharkhand. Rajasthan: Lowest female literacy The female literacy rate in the state is 57.6% putting the state in the lowest rung among all the states in India with regard to the number of educated females.
The overall literacy percentage in the state of Rajasthan, combining female and male literacy rates, is 69.7%. The male literacy rate in the state is 80.8%. However when you consider the overall literacy rate and the male literacy rate, Rajasthan fares better than Andhra Pradesh that has the nationwide lowest figures.
Andhra Pradesh stands second Bihar ranks as the third state with the low female literacy rate Uttar Pradesh is the fourth-worst performing state with respect to female literacy Jharkhand ranks fifth
The female literacy rate for Andhra Pradesh is 59.5%, which is a bit higher than that of Rajasthan. However, when it comes to overall literacy percentage and male literacy percentage, Andhra Pradesh is the worst performer in the country with the scores of 66.4% and 73.4% respectively.
The third member from the bottom with regard to female literacy percentage is Bihar scoring 60.5%. The state of Bihar has 79.7% male literacy rate and 70.9% overall literacy rate. Uttar Pradesh stands at the fourth rank in the country when it comes to poor female literacy rate, with 63.4%. The male literacy rate stands at 81.8% and the overall literacy percentage being 73%.
The fifth lowest female literacy rate is found in Jharkhand with the state scoring 64.7%. The state has 83% of literate males with the overall literacy score in the state pegged at 74.3%. : These are the Indian states with the lowest female literacy rate
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Who started the education for girls in India?
There are many things that hinder women from getting something as basic as an education. The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) says that poverty, geographical isolation, minority status, early marriage and pregnancy, gender-based violence, and traditional attitudes about the status and role of women are among the many obstacles that prevent women from fully exercising their right to participate in, complete, and benefit from education.
The result, the UNESCO’s Institute for Statistics reveals, is that there are 16 million girls in the world who will never set foot in a classroom. Why men need to play a role in women’s education Women also account for two-thirds of the 750 million adults without basic literacy, indicating that while boys in some regions of the world are equally disadvantaged, lack of access to education plagues girls more, clearly.
What’s equally evident is that to bring about concrete global changes, and bridge this gender gap in education, engaging men and boys in gender transformative programs or initiatives is of vital importance. This is primarily because women’s empowerment is not a goal that can be achieved in a vacuum.
- The everyday inequality and discrimination women face is directly associated with our relations with men, especially when it comes to accessing resources and decision-making.
- It’s therefore quite logical that eliminating these inequalities require equal, if not more, efforts by men and boys.
- Now if you’re assuming this is a new-fangled idea, think again.
History is testament to the fact that enlightened men—men who see women as equal partners with unlimited potential rather than subjects or objects to control—have played a huge role in helping women find their voice, make their stand and march towards liberation. Raja Ram Mohun Roy You may know this 19th century social reformer as the leader credited for the abolition of the Sati pratha—where a widow is burned alive on the funeral pyre of her dead husband—but there’s a lot more that Raja Ram Mohun Roy accomplished during his life.
When it comes to education reform, Roy was one of the leading Bengali intelligentsia who believed in teaching Indians Western science, literature, philosophy and medicine. Not only was he one of the founders of major educational institutions like Hindu College (later known as Presidency College), the City College, and numerous English Schools across colonial Calcutta, but also advocated the need for educating women.
Education Indian women was already a target set by Christian missionaries, but it was Roy who helped popularize the concept among the elite Hindus. His argument against those naysayers who believed educating women was against Hindu culture was to delve into the shastras and prove that women’s education formed a core of ancient Hindu traditions, and had led to near-mythical women scholars like Gargi and Maitreyi. Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar Quite like Roy, school textbooks celebrate Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar as the Indian reformer behind the Widow Remarriage Act of 1856. What many don’t know is that Vidyasagar was a social reformer who understood that a mere act of legislation cannot change the fate of women in the country, nor would it help women fight centuries of social oppression.
Educating women was, therefore, the larger, lifelong goal he tireless worked towards. As one of the leading educators of the time, Vidyasagar held power to lobby for schools for the Indian girl child, and the fact that he exercised this power to the hilt is a fact that cannot be denied. Vidyasagar organized a fund called the Nari Shiksha Bhandar, and led door-to-door campaigns asking families to allow their daughters to be enrolled in schools.
He frequently campaigned for women’s education through contemporary English and Bengali publications like the Hindu Patriot, Tattwabodhini Patrika and Somprakash. He not only opened 35 girls schools across Bengal, enrolling 1,300 girls successfully, but also helped JE Drinkwater Bethune establish the first permanent girls’ school in India, the Bethune School, in 1849. Jyotirao Phule The fact that Jyotirao Phule, and his wife, Savitribai Phule, were the pioneers of women’s education in India is well known. Phule’s lifelong drive for women’s education stemmed from his own personal experiences as a Dalit man living in 19th century India.
He realized that as long as the shudras, ati-shudras and women—all marginalized categories—were deprived of education, they would not be able to get a voice of their own, let alone develop as communities with self-respect and basic human rights. This idea was proved when Phule visited the Christian missionary school run by Cynthia Farrars in Ahmednagar (the institution where Savitribai also studied), and observed how much confidence the female students had gained.
So, in August 1848, Phule opened the first girls’ school in the house of Shri Bhide in Pune. It’s reported that on the very first day, nine girls from different social backgrounds enrolled at the school. Between 1848 and 1852, Phule and Savitribai opened 18 schools in and around Pune, all of them for girls as well as for children from Dalit families. Periyar EV Ramaswamy “Only education, self-respect and rational qualities will uplift the down-trodden,” the Dravidian social reformer EV Ramaswamy, popularly known as Periyar or Thanthai Periyar, is known to have quipped once upon a time—and never have words been truer, especially for women.
You may not know much about this social reformer, but the work he did to advocate for women’s rights, especially right to education, vocation and property, is unparalleled in Indian history. Not only did he argue that ideas like chastity should not be unfairly heaped on only women, but also believed that women should have unhindered access to education, especially vocational education.
A scholar of ancient Tamil literature, Periyar used instances from these texts to prove that education is a basic women’s right. Not only did he actively campaign for women’s education, but also wanted it to be holistic with an inclusion of physical activity so that women develop physical strength as well as mental acuity. BR Ambedkar Dr Bhimrao Ramji Ambedkar is popularly celebrated as the chief architect of the Indian constitution, and also as an icon for the Dalit rights movements in the country. But Ambedkar believed that women have a key role to play in the emancipation of oppressed communities, and this could be done by ensuring their own rights to property and education.
“I measure the progress of community by the degree of progress which women have achieved,” he said at the Second All-India Depressed Classes Women’s Conference held on 20 July, 1942. “I shall tell you a few things which I think you should bear in mind. Learn to be clean; keep free from all vices. Give education to your children.
Instill ambition in them. Inculcate on their minds that they are destined to be great. Remove from them all inferiority complexes.” To achieve these goals, Ambedkar advocated for women’s right to be educated along with men in the same schools and colleges, since it would ensure that both get the same quality of education.
He believed that women’s education could help them achieve two purposes: their own empowerment, and the empowerment of others through them. However, Ambedkar argued against professional or vocational education as per the British education system, since it aims at creating a clerical nature of workers.
His emphasis, instead, was on secular education for social emancipation and freedom so that depressed classes can enhance their social, economic and political status.
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When did education for girls start in India?
First woman of Indian Education The education system is flourished in the early centuries of civilization and then saw a constant downfall for about thousand years. The Indian education system finally perished during the time of the reign of British in India.
- Later when things started to stabilize and people again deviated to focus on educating the youth of the country a western education system took its footsteps in the Indian education scenario and lot of missionary schools started unfolding their education beliefs.
- This was also the time when Indian people started opening their own setups to increase the outreach of education to oppressed and underprivileged.
The only woman that stood out in that era also referred as the first woman educationist in India, is Mrs. Savitri bai Phule. Early life and inspiration Mrs. Phule was born in Naya Ganj oh Satara District in the state of Maharashtra in 1831. At the age of 9, she got married to one of the most iconic figures during the Indian freedom struggle who is Mahatma Jyoti Rao Phule.
- After her marriage, she got home schooled by her husband who was himself studying rom Scottish Mission High School of Pune and passed secondary education from the same school.
- After understanding the importance of education and seeing her husband declining a government job she got inspired and took an oath to help her husband in performing social reforms even at the cost of her life.
The first girls school Mrs Phule along with her husband started a school dedicated to girls in 1848 in Pune and became the headmistress and took the charge of the school. It was the time when educating a girl child was almost banned in India. She did voracious campaign and admitted various Brahmin girl children in her school along with girls from lower casts as well.
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Which is the first girls school in India?
Who among the following opened first school for girls?A. Jyotiba PhuleB. Ram Krishna ParamahamsaC. Swami Dayananda SaraswatiD. Raja Ram Mohan Roy Answer Verified Hint: In this question we will read about who opened the first school for girls and when. As the champion of women’s education in India, Jyotiba Phule is remembered.
He opened the first school for girls along with his wife Savitribai Phule. Complete answer: On 11 April 1827, Jyotiba Phule was born in Maharashtra. When he was only nine months old, his mother, Chimnabai, died. He was born in Mali caste of gardeners and vegetables growers and as his family business was of flower traders, he was allowed to work in the shop after primary education.
After he continued his studies and completed schooling in 1847. At the age of 13, he was married to Savitribai Phule. In 1848, the pair together opened a school for girls’ studies. After the opening of schools for children from the Dalit caste of Mahar and Mang, they were also initiated.
Jyotiba Phule was one of Maharashtra’s main social reformers. Since he has taken realistic steps to change society, he holds an influential role among social reformers. He was the Advocate of the Liberation of Women. He’s been battling for widow remarriage, girls’ education, and child marriage. On 1 st January 1848, Mahatma Jyotiba Phule and Savitribai Phule began India’s first girls’ school at Bhide Wada in Pune.
Savitribai Phule became the first women teacher of India in 1848 and opened a girls’ school with her husband Jyotiba Phule. She opened a shelter for destitute women in 1864 and was helped in the creation of Jyotiba Phule’s founding organization, Satyashodhak Samaj in 1873.
- Satyashodhak Samaj was founded on 24 September 1873 by Phule to concentrate on the rights of depressed classes such as women, the Shudra, and the Dalit.
- He rejected idolatry by this samaj, opposing the caste system.
- Hence, the correct answer is option (A).
- Note: Jyotiba Phule worked tirelessly to abolish untouchability and caste system and have made massive efforts to empower women and lower caste.
Another social reformer, Vithalrao Krishnaji Vandekar, gave him the title of ‘Mahatma’. : Who among the following opened first school for girls?A. Jyotiba PhuleB. Ram Krishna ParamahamsaC. Swami Dayananda SaraswatiD. Raja Ram Mohan Roy
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Which gender is more educated in India?
Premium Premium statistics Industry-specific and extensively researched technical data (partially from exclusive partnerships). A paid subscription is required for full access. As of 2021, India recorded a higher nationwide literacy rate among men than women, at respectively 84.4 percent of male population and 71.5 percent of female population.
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Which is better Tamil Nadu or Kerala?
Although the landscape may be similar to Sri lanka, Kerala would be relatively a better option than Tamil Nadu as there are more tourist options such as backwaters, beaches, palaces, cultural programes, spice plantation visits and elephant reserves.
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Why Kerala has more females?
State with Highest Sex Ratio – The National Family Health Survey (NFHS), the Citizen Registration System, the Sample Registration System, and the Health Management Information System have all been used to estimate the sex ratio in India.
According to information from the 2011 Census, there are 3.34 million people living in Kerala, up from 3.18 million in the 2001 Census.As of the 2011 India census, Kerala has a total population of 33,406,061, of which 16,027,412 are males and 17,378,649 are females.In 2001 the number of males was 15,468,614 out of the total population of 31,841,374, while that of females was 16,372,760.Compared to the previous decade, this decade saw an increase of 4.91% in the total population.Kerala accounts for 2.76% of India’s population as of 2011. In 2001 the percentage was 3.10%.According to the latest census data from Kerala, 90.67 percent of the houses are owned while 7.31% are rented.Overall 68.45% of couples in Kerala live in nuclear families. In 2011, 74.24 percent of the population of Uttar Pradesh had access to banking and non-banking finance corporations.Haryana currently has the lowest sex ratio in India, where it is only 879, while Kerala has the highest sex ratio (1084).Among all the Indian Union Territories, Daman and Diu have the lowest sex ratio (618) and Puducherry has the highest sex ratio (1037).Puducherry and Lakshadweep are the only two union territories with a sex ratio of more than 900 females per 1,000 males.
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Which gender is more in Kerala?
Kerala – Kerala; the prosperous state at the far edge of the great expanse of Indian land! It’s the ever flourishing land of exquisite beauty and plethora of nature’s gifts. With the lush green mountains, the azure Indian Ocean to the rolling plains populated with cultures and the people living it, Kerala claims its own unique place in vast country of India.
Apart from a great tourist spot, it also stands as an immensely progressive civilization. Owing to the great advancements over the years, no wonder it is one of the states in India to have maximum population density. With over 3 crores of Malayalees populating the Kerala land of over 30 thousand square kilometers of area, it ranks with the states having population density of more than 800, according to the Kerala census 2011.
It is also the state with the lowest positive population growth rate in India. Apart from the optimum population status, it also boasts of the highest literacy rate of more than 90%, which proves that not only Kerala has abundant manpower, but it also has quality minds.
Although Malayalam is the official language, English is widely spoken and taught in Kerala. Another excellent feature of the state shown from the Kerala census 2011 is its gender ratio, which shows that Kerala has more female population than male. That sets the state apart from most of the India. The total population of Kerala is almost equally divided between the urban and rural regions.
Kochi, Kozhikode, Thiruvananthapuram, Thrissur are some of the major urban areas in Kerala with large population, Thiruvananthapuram being the capital. That being said, the Population of Kerala, both urban and rural enjoys preserving and enjoying Kerala’s ethnicity by following its rich culture full of graceful classical dance forms, traditional carnatic music, martial arts, unique attires, legendary festivals and of course the widespread aroma of coconutty dosas, appams and the delicious seafood!
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Which Indian state has best education?
|States||Education Index||Reference year ranks|
Which state has highest female literacy rate in India?
Kerala has the highest female literacy rate of 92.07%.
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Which is the No 1 school in India for girls?
Welhams Girls School, Mayo College Girls, Scindia Kanya Vidyalaya, MGD Jaipur are few of the Best Boarding Schools in India for Girls.
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What is the current state of female education?
Women make up more than two-thirds of the world’s 796 million illiterate people. According to global statistics, just 39 percent of rural girls attend secondary school. This is far fewer than rural boys (45 percent), urban girls (59 percent) and urban boys (60 percent). Every additional year of primary school increases girls’ eventual wages by 10-20 percent. It also encourages them to marry later and have fewer children, and leaves them less vulnerable to violence. While progress has been made in reducing the gender gap in urban primary school enrolment, data from 42 countries shows that rural girls are twice as likely as urban girls to be out of school. In Pakistan a half-kilometre increase in the distance to school will decrease girls’ enrolment by 20 percent. In Egypt, Indonesia and several African countries, building local schools in rural communities increased girls’ enrolment. In Cambodia, 48 percent of rural women are illiterate compared to 14 percent of rural men. Rural women’s deficits in education have long-term implications for family well-being and poverty reduction. Vast improvements have been seen in the mortality rates of children less than 5 years old since 1990, but rural rates are usually much higher than urban ones. Data from 68 countries indicates that a woman’s education is a key factor in determining a child’s survival. Children of mothers with no education in the Latin American and Caribbean region are 3.1 times more likely to die than those with mothers who have secondary or tertiary education, and 1.6 more likely to die that those whose mothers have primary-level education.