What Was The Impact Of Western Education?


What Was The Impact Of Western Education
Impact of Western Education in India – Education in western countries has impacted India greatly. Many changes can be seen through the implication of this system in the country of India. They are like:

The emergence of the English language helps Indians of different languages to communicate with each other The thinking of western countries has entered the society of India and has marked consequences The field of Indian literature has also been influenced greatly Social awareness of various sections is noticeable after the entrance of western education

The above points show the impact of western education in India. The various fields related to social-cultural education flourished through this appearance. Visit to know more about How to Prepare for UPSC without Coaching
View complete answer

What is the impact of western education in Nigeria?


Western education has afforded Nigerians the possibility and attainment of independence from the British colonial masters. Nigerians then became educated enough to subtly pursue independence, thus giving birth to the first republic. This has been one of the greatest advantages.

    View complete answer

    What was the impact of western ideas on India?

    The effect of western culture is greatly seen in our customs, tradition, social and moral behavior, our love and respect for others. These days a person loves to live in freedom, he does not want to bind themselves in Indian customs and traditions.
    View complete answer

    What did Mahatma Gandhi say about western education class 8 short answer?

    Mahatma Gandhi said that western education was focused on and rather than, reading, writing, oral knowledge Right on! Give the BNAT exam to get a 100% scholarship for BYJUS courses reading, oral knowledge, writing No worries! We‘ve got your back. Try BYJU‘S free classes today! writing, oral knowledge. Suggest Corrections 7 : Mahatma Gandhi said that western education was focused on and rather than,
    View complete answer

    What means western education?

    researchClue.com IMPACT OF WESTERN EDUCATION IN THE TEACHING OF ISLAMIC EDUCATION IN NIGERIA CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1 BACKGROUND TO THE STUDY Western education is a system originated from the west and penetrated to the world after Islamic education in the earliest 15th century.

    • Its main approach was the modernization of social life through science and technological advancement (Farid, 2005).
    • Western system of education was first propagated by the missionaries and promoted by colonialist to different part of the globe, in their view for westernization and globalization in the name of modernity.

    It is a complete secular system that differentiated life and religion and focuses on materialism. It’s also rationalistic in its quest for knowledge as relied more on human ability of reason than spiritual inspiration. The preparation made to man in this system was very limited as it fall short in training only the body and the physique in this fair of life, therefore the modern western system does not consider the relationship between God and human as socially or intellectually relevance, hence revelation or the revealed knowledge, they are ignored even when modern secular subjects are introduced in the curriculum for the traditional older system (Rosnani, 2004).

    1. However, Islamic education is simply translated as ‘tarbiyyah al Islamiyyah ‘.
    2. It contained a concept of ” ta alim ” (instruction), tahadhib (rear or sustain) and other sub concepts like hikmah (wisdom), Adl (justice) Amanah (trust) and as the extreme is Khilafah (vicegerancy) and Ibadat (worship).
    3. The main sources in this type of education are the Quran and Hadith,

    Islamic education connotes whole life approach and signifies complete integration into man’s life, it emanation can be trace to the existence of man on earth of the holy Quran, It is the true system that first takes man from the darkness of ignorance and illiteracy to the light of knowledge and education, it shapes so many relevance and advantages not only to Muslims but to entire humanity.

    1. Islam faces education as an act of worship and a life long process (Hashim, 2004).
    2. Therefore, its philosophy, method, content and general curriculum are towards human successful integrative life.
    3. Education is an art that allows humans to accumulate every leaving experience in their life and subsequently transmit to a new generation.

    In Islam, the actual education which are required are the content of Quran and Hadith, because these are the motivations which derives the Muslim community so as to place due importance on advancement of knowledge which is borne out from the Quran and Hadith,

    • Islamic education can also be defined as a process of nurturing and training of the mind, the physique and the spirit of human based on Islamic values which are sourced from the Quran and Sunnah,
    • It is intended to bring forth humans who are God conscious and subservient only to Allah (Nor, 2012).
    • However, the Islamic education left many legacies to the west as it recorded a tremendous achievement in architecture, history, philosophy, medicine and all branches of liberal and natural sciences.

    The scientific and technological advancement of the modern world owe a lot to the research conducted by the Muslimscientist, Islamic education also predate the western education in Nigeria and Malaysia just as Islam has a longer history than Christianity in the world.

    In Nigeria, western education has greatly influenced the teaching of Islamic education considering the fact that most Islamic schools now adopt some western approach of education.1.2 STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM The secular system considers education as an engine for development; it sees education as the instrument of life, and believed for education as a means of individual and national development.

    It also viewed education as an element of continuous and harmonious human existence and wellbeing just as the case in Islamic world view. However, we may wish to consider Islamic education as a system of education, which entails ideological concept expounding the very nature of life (here and after), and prescribing the position of man and his role on earth.

    1. It is important to note that Islamic education is not synonymous with Islamic studies, which is just a subject in the Nigerian western-oriented educational system.
    2. The basic discernible difference is that Islamic studies is an academic subject offered in a formal school setting.
    3. Western education started winning popularity as a result of the patronage.

    Nasiru (1977) advances some other reasons for the prosperity of the Western education in Nigeria, namely, the payment of a monthly salary to the teachers from the parent body of the mission abroad, as against the economically strapped Mallamswho depended on voluntary gifts from the public as a means for their survival.

    1. Also the free education programme of the Christian missionaries towards western education development was elaborate than that of the Muslims, as they received financial and moral aid from Europe and could afford to give out books, slates, and writing materials freely to the students.
    2. In addition to this, appointments into government offices were made from the rank and file of school leavers and not the students of Islamic schools.

    On graduation, they could only perform at Islamic social gatherings like naming, marriage and burial programmes. However, the researcher seeks to analyze the impact of western education in the teaching of Islamic education.1.3 OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY The general objective of this study is to examine the impact of western education on the teaching of Islamic education and the following are the specific objectives:

    1. To examine the impact of western education on the teaching of Islamic education.
    2. To identify the differences between western education and Islamic education.
    3. To examine the factors that favour western education over Islamic education.
    1. What is the impact of western education on the teaching of Islamic education?
    2. What are the differences between western education and Islamic education?
    3. What are the factors that favour western education over Islamic education?
    1. 1.5 HYPOTHESIS HO: Western education does not influence the teaching of Islamic education
    2. HA: Western education does influence the teaching of Islamic education
    3. 1.6 SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY The following are the significance of this study:
    1. This study will be useful for the general public has it will enlighten on how western education has influenced the teaching of Islamic education by considering the factors that gave western education popularity over the Islamic education.
    2. This research will also serve as a resource base to other scholars and researchers interested in carrying out further research in this field subsequently, if applied, it will go to an extent to provide new explanation to the topic.

    1.7 SCOPE/LIMITATIONS OF THE STUDY This study on the impact of western education on the teaching of Islamic education will cover all the activities that promoted the fast growth and adoption of western education by the general public. This study will also consider its impact on the teaching and general output of Islamic education.

    • LIMITATION OF STUDY Financial constraint – Insufficient fund tends to impede the efficiency of the researcher in sourcing for the relevant materials, literature or information and in the process of data collection (internet, questionnaire and interview).
    • Time constraint – The researcher will simultaneously engage in this study with other academic work.

    This consequently will cut down on the time devoted for the research work.1.8 DEFINITION OF TERMS Education : the process of receiving or giving systematic instruction, especially at a school Western : originating from the West, in particular Europe or the United States.

    1. Western society” REFERENCES Farid S. A (2005).
    2. From Jamiah to University.
    3. Multiculturalism and Christian Muslim dialogue.
    4. International sociological association, National University Singapore. Hashim R. (2004).
    5. Educational dualism in Malaysia,
    6. Oxford University Press, Kuala Lumpur Malaysia.
    7. Nasiru, W.O.A.
    8. 1977), “Islamic Learning Among the Yoruba (1896-1963)”.

    An unpublished Doctoral Thesis of the Dept. of Arabic and Islamic Studies, University of Ibadan. Ibadan. Nor. A, (2012), “The Impact of Colonialism on the Muslim Educational System”. Al-Tawhid, Vol. IV. No.3. Rosnani E.A (2004). The Missionary Impact of Modern Nigeria.
    View complete answer

    What was the impact of West?

    Influence of western culture on Indian society India is a secular country where the people have the freedom to practice any religion and also to convert to another religion of their choice. So all the cultures are freely accepted and respected by the Indians.

    1. But the influence of western culture started in India during the 19th Century when the British established their Colony in the country-western culture considered as the most advanced culture on the globe has started surmounting its flavour on Indian roots.
    2. Indian culture which is one of the oldest richest culture in the world with very language custom belief ideas tab use codes instructions works of art architecture ritual ceremony acceptor India’s cultural history of several thousand years old and it shows continuity and subtle change with a strong third of Duty epitomized in the relative power of culture and unique display of unity in diversity.

    Which the conquest of European power and subsequent British rule in India has had a profound effect on western culture on Indian society. Western culture has made its presence in various forms.

    • Impacts of western culture on Indian Society:
    • There were different kinds of westernization one kind to emergence of a westernise subcultural pattern through a minority section of Indians who first came in contact with the western culture.
    • This includes the subculture of Indian intellectuals who not only adopted many cognitive patterns or way of thinking like this style but also supported its expansion.

    This impact of westernization was mainly in urban areas. But some villages are more westernised than urban areas. Consequences of western culture on Indian society Affected caste, joint family, marriage and other social structures.Introduced new institutions like press, Christian missionaries, etc.

    • Modern values like humanism, egalitarianism, secularism have entered Indian value systems.
    • Our criminal law has been reformed.
    • Evil customs like sati ended, Untouchability was abolished.
    • The concept of the welfare state was introduced and thus Governmental activities on welfare measures have expanded.
    • Far-reaching reforms in Hindu society through social reform movements like the Brahmo samaj etc.

    under inspired by the Western-educated middle class in India. Many political and cultural movements emerged like the movement for the eradication of caste spread of mass education. The emergence of an educated middle class as the vanguard of the freedom movement.

    1. Agents of Westernization British rule – The establishment of British rule brought about deep and far-reaching changes in the economic, political, educational, and cultural spheres in India.
    2. It offered some new avenues of social mobility to the scheduled castes, e.g., new economic opportunities, education, westernisation, conversion to Christianity and politicization.

    Indians employed in government offices or converts to Christianity.Those educated in modern schools and colleges. Some of them launched great movements like Raja Ram Mohan Roy, Tagore, Sir Syed Ahmad etc. Those who went to England for study or medical treatment.Those who lived in port towns.

    The tolerant spirit of Indians was largely responsible for the spread of Westernisation. There was no wholesale but only selective Westernisation. Old styles continued side by side. There was also a movement to preserve Indian values.(eg. The Arya Samaj) Influence of western culture on Indian society Influence of western culture on Caste We find that the traditional social organisation exemplified by the caste system has undergone several changes yet continues to exist in Indian society performing some old and some new functions.

    During the last few decades, as a result of the forces of modernisation, the ideology of caste has become less pervasive in an individual’s day to day life. Caste rituals have become increasingly a personal affair, rather than public due to changed circumstances of living, forces of industrialisation, and urbanisation.

    1. Impact of English education
    2. Changes in dress and food habits Supply of water through pipes – you cannot ask the caste of the person who sends water down the pipes.
    3. Impact on untouchability
    4. Impact on women
    5. The educational advancement of women Entry of women into all occupations Social reformers also helped the liberation of womenDiscarding pardah.
    6. Impact on social structure
    7. Career open to talent and no longer based on casteMoney and wealth regarded important decline of rituals
    8. Impact on marriage
    9. Marriage came to be regarded as a contract and not entirely a sacrament
    10. Influence on culture
    11. English words came to be used commonly – Daddy, mummy, cutting the cake culture; contrast the Indian custom of lighting a lamp with the western habit of blowing out the candlelight. Western gadgets freely used; Television, washing machine etc
    12. Impact of western literature on Indian literature, religion
    13. Art – cinema, western dance, musical instruments, modern religion – decline of superstition, ritualismRise is scientific belief
    14. Influence of western culture on Tribes

    The Westernisation of tribals had begun during the British colonial rule when they first came in contact with them. Not all tribes were subjected to the efforts of modernisation. There were many which continued to survive in their traditional modes till India’s Independence.

    The fate of traditional material culture and styles of tribes were to be ‘preserved’ as museum specimens. Attempts were made to synthesize the customary and modern laws. In all these efforts, the focus was on modernizing the tribals. Changes in style of life The changes in the style of life have followed two trends.

    They are changes in relation to the political system The political system, which developed during the British rule, gave increasing opportunities for the political articulation to the people of India, especially those who acquired western education. This facility was taken advantage of by the backward classes.

    • The advent of Independence and the introduction of adult franchise and more recently Panchayati Raj institutions have increased the access to power, especially political power, to the backward classes.
    • Such access led to a shift from Sanskritisation to competition for positions of higher bureaucratic and political power.

    Social Mobility through Westernisation The upwardly mobile untouchable castes adopted the lifestyle implied in Westernisation. This was facilitated by the prevalence of various non-Sanskritic traditions among them—such as, eating meat and drinking alcohol.
    View complete answer

    What are the characteristics of western education?

    A number of cultural characteristics have been identified with Western educational institutions, including individualization, bureaucratization, homogenization, universalism, meritocracy, and rationalization (Jarlais, 2009).
    View complete answer

    Who introduced western education?

    The introduction of western education in India can be attributed to Macaulay.
    View complete answer

    What is the positive effect of Western culture?

    2. Western Culture Helps People Find Out More About Other Countries’ History – Western culture also opens the door to discovering the rich history of other countries. Countries gained better awareness and knowledge of other countries. This newfound knowledge can benefit countries in several ways.

    • First and foremost, the countries’ respective citizens will gain a deeper understanding of one another.
    • By learning each other’s history, they may find similarities in struggles and issues they experienced.
    • Ultimately, it leads to a sense of camaraderie between them.
    • Second, alliances may form between these nations influenced by western culture.

    This partnership is especially beneficial for ensuring peace between the countries. During wartime, the members of this alliance could form a mutual defense agreement where all other allied nations could send help consisting of troops, arms, and supplies to the country under siege.
    View complete answer

    What is western education in India?

    In 1835, Lord Macaulay introduced a system of education for India, which was known as Macaulay’s System of Education. This system of education stated that Western education has to be promoted through the medium of English in India. As per Macaulay’s recommendation 42 schools were established by 1842.
    View complete answer

    What are the benefits of western education to the Indian people?

    1. It broadened up the minds of the people and made them think rationally instead of blindly supporting orthodox norms, values and superstitious beliefs. I made people more civilised.2.It introduced people to the new ideas and innovations which widened the periphery of learning.
    View complete answer

    How did western education help India?

    Western education helped the british becauseThey got workers and educated people required for management and developing and were sent abroadit helped the indians asthey taught them about freedom,equality,fraternity,etc and thus were born the revolutionaries of india that helped in bringing india to freedom.
    View complete answer

    Who wrote Western education?

    Book Description. This set reprints volumes 1, 2 and 3 of James Bowen’s A History of Western Education originally published by Methuen in the 1970s.
    View complete answer

    Who proposed Western education in India?

    Who introduced western education in India? (a)Lord Macaulay (b)James Princep(c)Robert Clive(d)Lord Canning Answer Verified Hint: The Britishers thought that it is the white man’s duty to spread the scientific knowledge and to initiate a better education system in their colonies.

    1. They started incorporating the western system of education in India by 1813.
    2. Complete answer: Lord Macaulay, the president of the General Committee of Public Instruction played the most important role in introducing the western system of education.
    3. However, the process started in 1813.
    4. They started incorporating the western system of education in India by 1813.

    Lord Macaulay is the one who is said to have introduced western education in India. Lord Macaulay in his book “Minute Upon Indian Education” opposed the publication of books in Sanskrit and Arabic. Through this western education, the Britishers were successful in creating a small section of Indian elites who were mainly from upper castes and now trained in English.

    1. These elites acted as the bridge between the Britishers and the rest of the Indians.
    2. They helped the British Government in administration and neutralized any revolutionary aspirations.
    3. In post-independence India, these elites formed the middle class which is even very dominant in modern India.
    4. Option “a” is the correct answer,

    Note: English was made the court language instead of Persian language. The printings of English books were done for free and they were available at cheaper rates. English education was better funded than the other learning system. : Who introduced western education in India? (a)Lord Macaulay (b)James Princep(c)Robert Clive(d)Lord Canning
    View complete answer

    What were the impact of western education in India?

    Impact of Western Education in India – Education in western countries has impacted India greatly. Many changes can be seen through the implication of this system in the country of India. They are like:

    The emergence of the English language helps Indians of different languages to communicate with each other The thinking of western countries has entered the society of India and has marked consequences The field of Indian literature has also been influenced greatly Social awareness of various sections is noticeable after the entrance of western education

    The above points show the impact of western education in India. The various fields related to social-cultural education flourished through this appearance. Visit to know more about How to Prepare for UPSC without Coaching
    View complete answer

    What is the importance of education in India Class 9?

    Education improves productivity and prosperity, and also improve enriched life experience. It does not only contribute towards the growth of the people but also the development of society as a whole. Education increases national income and other cultural richness.
    View complete answer

    What is Westernization and its impact on Indian society?

    Westernisation of Indian Society Westernisation of Indian Society! M.N Srinivas (1966) defines ‘westernisation’ in terms of the change in Indian society due to the impact of British rule in India. The areas of change include technology, dress, food, and changes in the habits and lifestyles of people.

    • Westernisation takes place at three levels:
    • (1) Primary,
    • (2) Secondary, and
    • (3) Tertiary.

    At the primary level were a minority of people who first came into contact with western culture, and were its first beneficiaries. The secondary level of westernisation refers to those sections of Indian society who came into direct contact with the primary beneficiaries.

    At the tertiary level are those who came to know indirectly about the devices introduced by the British. However, the spread of westernisation has been uneven and unequal among different sections of Indian society. Though Srinivas has mentioned humanitarianism and egalitarianism as its positive features, there are others who consider westernisation as a process of cultural and cognitive colonialism and as a model of an “impersonal, non-cultural and non-sovereign state”.

    Westernisation has contributed to the re-emergence of a pan-Indian culture on new grounds. Some areas of western impact include education, law, science, technology, new forms of politicisation, urbanisation, industrialisation, the press, means of transport and communication.Y.

    Singh calls the re-emergence of these institutional foci as the process of ‘cultural modernisation’. The western impact has brought about “a new great tradition of modernisation”. Certainly, this poses the problem of conflict between the indigenous tradition and the western tradition on Indian soil. A synthesis between the two has occurred, particularly in regard to the elite sections of Indian society.

    Today, ‘globalisation’ has far more impact on Indian society. In fact, India is in the process of becoming a global market/centre of economic and professional activities. At the initial stage, the western impact was peripheral and localised, as it remained confined to middle class people in the cities of Calcutta, Bombay and Madras.

    1. English education had two-fold impact:
    2. (i) Inculcation of the western values and ideologies among the educated people, and
    3. (ii) The rise of social and cultural reformation movements.

    Education was confined to the upper and middle class urban people. The British rule created a new consciousness and structure of values.

    • Westernisation has created the following as observed by Y. Singh (1973):
    • (1) The growth of a universalistic legal superstructure,
    • (2) Expansion of education,
    • (3) Urbanisation and industrialisation,
    • (4) Increased network of communication, and
    • (5) Growth of nationalism and politicisation of the society.

    These elements contributed to modernisation throughout the country. The judiciary, law courts, legislations (for prohibiting child marriage, infanticide and sati, etc.), law commissions and several other legal innovations relating to rules of marriage, family, divorce, adoption, inheritance, minorities, land rights, trade, commerce, industries, labour, etc., were enacted.
    View complete answer