What Is Tri-Polar Process Of Education?


What Is Tri-Polar Process Of Education
The tripolar process of education was propagated by Free 10 Questions 10 Marks 10 Mins Education As A Tri-Polar Or Three-Dimensional Process: Modern View: The modern concept of education is said to be ‘three-dimensional, This process involves three things- the teacher, the taught and the social environment. It was propagated by John Dewey.

It is maintained that all education takes place in the society and social setting. The whole environment of the individual becomes the source of education. The teacher consciously designs and plans educational experiences in the light of the social environment. Education has to cater to the individual as well as the social needs. His instincts, urges, impulses and tendencies have to be directed towards the socially desirable channels. This is possible when the child participates in the social situations and there is an interaction between him and the environment. Thus, the third factor or dimension is ‘social environment’ or social milieu.

Hence, we conclude that the Tripolar theory was propagated by John Dewey. India’s #1 Learning Platform Start Complete Exam Preparation Daily Live MasterClasses Practice Question Bank Mock Tests & Quizzes Trusted by 3.4 Crore+ Students : The tripolar process of education was propagated by
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What is meant by education as tri-polar process?

The modern concept of education includes the social setting in which the educator and educand interact. Education involves an interaction between the educator, educand and the social environment. Therefore, it is said to be that education is tripolar.
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What are the three polar of education?

In this way, the process of education contains three poles, namely -(1) The Teacher, (2) The child, and (3) The society.
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Who considered education as a tri-polar process?

Education as a Tripolar Process: – The educational process not only has a psychological side involving the educator and the educand, but it also has sociological aspects too. According to John Dewey, education has two aspects (1) Psychological and (2) Sociological.

He asserts that the development of a child does not take place in a vacuum. He has to live in and for the society, he belongs to. It takes place in and through the society in which the teacher and child both lives. True education comes through the stimulation of the educand’s endowments by the demands of the social situation in which he/she finds themselves in.

The educator is required to stimulate the educand’s power in the total social setting. It is the society which will determine the aims, contents and method of teaching. Thus, the Social aspects of educational process become more important than the psychological aspects.

The Teacher The Child Educational Environment or society

These three factors actively co-operate in the efficient and successful working of the educational process. What Is Tri-Polar Process Of Education The Teacher: In this process of education a teacher role is two-fold. Firstly, being the important factor of the educational environment, He influences the personality of the learner through his own magnetic personality. Secondly, as a builder of the educational environment, he provides suitable experiences to the learner to develop and use fully his skills and capacities to achieve the good of his own self and the welfare of his society of which he is an integral part.

  1. By his own attitude and behaviour, the teacher builds the character of learners and infuses in them respect for moral and spiritual values.
  2. He must be aware of the modern strategies and techniques of teaching and be capable of using them to the best of his knowledge to make teaching-learning more effective.

The Learner: Education should develop the personality of the learner according to their need, interest and ability. Everything concerning education is now child-centred. The Aims, Methods of teaching, curriculum are based on student’s interest. No Teacher can be successful in his activities if he fails to understand the learner with which he is to deal with.

  1. To make teaching natural and effective the teacher should not be the master of content only but also known fully well the stages of development and their characteristics.
  2. Educational Environment or the society (The social Forces): The social forces provided by the social environment/Society supply the materials to the teacher and they are taught in the form of the curriculum in schools which is again framed in the light of the needs and demand of the society.

Thus, the school functions according to the needs and cultural background of the society and modifies the society by providing leaders and reformers and acts as a social agency and an agency of social control. School plays a tremendous role in strengthening the society and its members.

  • Schools must be able to cater to the present needs of society.
  • It is the most powerful instruments of social change.
  • But unfortunately, today many schools are participating in the race of competition and have become profit/business-oriented.
  • The school are the main agent of social change that can eliminate various social evils and problems.

This can be made possible only when the schools of today would stand realizing that their primary responsibility is not just to prepare the students for the sake of student’s own life, but to prepare them to work as leaders and reformers for the sake of whole society.
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What is tri-polar system?

Having or involving three centers of military, economic or political power.
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What are the 3 purpose of education?

SAP BrandVoice: What Is The Purpose Of Education? education (Photo credit: Sean MacEntee) By Kim Jones, CEO, From an early age, we’ve been told that education is the key to one’s success in life, Study hard! Get good grades! Go to college! And by making education freely available to all children, we’re giving everyone an equal opportunity to succeed in life.

But the path to success and even middle-class existence is no longer so straightforward, if indeed it ever was. At, a notable conference, the well-known professor and visionary scholar Nicholas Negroponte stated, “No matter what global problem you are dreading, whether it’s the elimination of poverty, whether it’s the creation of peace, whether its solving environmental energy problems, the solution- whatever it is- multiple solutions, the solutions always include education, never is it without an education component and sometimes cannot be done without education.” And he went on to state, “The children should be making things.

The children should be writing computer programs. They should be learning by doing. The thing is not to learn excel or such programs, it is to learn to learn.” It’s Personal But what is the purpose of education? Is education about preparing students for a specific career? Or is it about teaching students lifelong values, discipline, and the ability to explore new ideas and to think independently? Over the decades, the following have all been :

  • To prepare children for citizenship
  • To cultivate a skilled workforce
  • To teach cultural literacy
  • To help students become critical thinkers
  • To help students compete in a global marketplace

While these are related goals, they demonstrate the diversity of expectations and prioritization that society and its educators must manage. Education does not have a single purpose; it serves multiple objectives, and the relative importance of each of these objectives can be very personal.

The varied emphasis is a result of the diverse economic, social, spiritual, cultural, and political realities of our individual lives. Likewise, how we deliver instruction 1, and how we measure success in school as a predictive indicator of our future success in society and, indeed, one could argue the metrics for society’s success as a whole, must be updated to match.

It’s Ever Changing In his book,, Daniel Pink argues that, as a society, we have transcended the so-called Knowledge Age and are now in a Conceptual Age where our problems no longer have a single verifiable answer. Success in the Knowledge Age was mainly determined by a “SAT-ocracy”: a series of tests throughout the education system that required logic and analysis to identify a single correct answer.

This does not meet the needs of the Conceptual Age, which requires creativity, innovation and design skills. He further asserts that education is still firmly geared towards the needs of the Information Age, a quickly disappearing era. It’s as if our children are moving along an assembly line, where we diligently instill math, reading, and science skills and then test them to see how much they retained, making sure they meet all the “standards” of production.

Today, a successful member of society must bring something different to the table. Individuals are valued for their unique contributions and their ability to think creatively, take initiative and incorporate a global perspective into their decisions.

  • The Trillion Dollar Question
  • With a widespread awareness of the basic frame conditions outlined above, the question is when is our mainstream education system going to adapt to the needs of our post-modern society ?
  • I believe that we all have a role to play in coming up with a satisfactory answer to this question.
  • Footnote:
  1. Curriki believes that post-modern education requires drawing on a much wider range of sources for curricular materials in the personalized pursuit of knowledge. This means going well beyond the textbook. We are pleased to be a leader in hosting thousands upon thousands of curated open source educational resources, available to anyone on the planet with an Internet connection. Already over 7 million individuals – educators, students, parents, and lifelong learners – have accessed materials at,
  2. This article is written in collaboration with research initiative.

: SAP BrandVoice: What Is The Purpose Of Education?
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Who was presented the evolution process as tri polar process?

The tripolar process of education was propagated by Free 10 Questions 10 Marks 10 Mins Education As A Tri-Polar Or Three-Dimensional Process: Modern View: The modern concept of education is said to be ‘three-dimensional, This process involves three things- the teacher, the taught and the social environment. It was propagated by John Dewey.

It is maintained that all education takes place in the society and social setting. The whole environment of the individual becomes the source of education. The teacher consciously designs and plans educational experiences in the light of the social environment. Education has to cater to the individual as well as the social needs. His instincts, urges, impulses and tendencies have to be directed towards the socially desirable channels. This is possible when the child participates in the social situations and there is an interaction between him and the environment. Thus, the third factor or dimension is ‘social environment’ or social milieu.

Hence, we conclude that the Tripolar theory was propagated by John Dewey. India’s #1 Learning Platform Start Complete Exam Preparation Daily Live MasterClasses Practice Question Bank Mock Tests & Quizzes Trusted by 3.4 Crore+ Students : The tripolar process of education was propagated by
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What was the motivation for the polar system?

Applications – Polar coordinates are two-dimensional and thus they can be used only where point positions lie on a single two-dimensional plane. They are most appropriate in any context where the phenomenon being considered is inherently tied to direction and length from a center point.

  1. For instance, the examples above show how elementary polar equations suffice to define curves—such as the Archimedean spiral—whose equation in the Cartesian coordinate system would be much more intricate.
  2. Moreover, many physical systems—such as those concerned with bodies moving around a central point or with phenomena originating from a central point—are simpler and more intuitive to model using polar coordinates.
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The initial motivation for the introduction of the polar system was the study of and,
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What is bipolar and tripolar process of education?

Free CUET/DU General Knowledge Mock Test 10 Questions 50 Marks 7 Mins To understand an abstract concept like education, one is required to explicate its meaning or nature from the point of view of the functions such concepts perform or the contexts in which such concepts are appropriately used.

Etymologically, the word “Education” is derived from the Latin words “educare”, “educere” and “educantum”.

Important Points The nature of education may be enumerated as under:

Education is both unipolar as well as bipolar in nature. According to John Adams education has two aspects: the Teacher and the Child hence it is bipolar in nature. John Adams opines that education is a bipolar process because there is a constant interaction between the teacher and the taught or educator and educand. John Dewey, defined, education as a tripolar process. The Tripolar process of education considers that the development of the child takes place in and through the society, in which the teacher and the child live together. Thus, it is society that will determine the aims, contents, and methods of teaching. In this way, the process of education contains three poles, namely-(1) The Teacher, (2) The child, and (3) The society. The tripolar process of education is a systematic and continuous process. It takes place throughout life and no matter at what stage is a child or the learner is, education can take place and it affects his/her growth accordingly through a systematic institution and regulation.

Hence, it is clear that John Adams opines that education is a bipolar process because there is a constant interaction between the teacher and the taught or educator and educand. Last updated on Sep 27, 2022 The NTA (National Testing Agency) has released the CUET Phase VI Admit Card.

  1. The exam will be conducted at 489 examination centres across India.
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How does tripolar of education work define each part and its significance to one another?

MEANING DEFINITION AND CHARACTERISTICS OF EDUCATION – UNIT STRUCTURE 1.0 Objectives 1.1 Introduction 1.2 Nature and Meaning of Education 1.2.1 Meaning of Education 1.2.2 Definition of Education 1.2.3 Nature of Education 1.3 Scope and Functions of Education 1.3.1 Scope of Education Relation with other Disciplines Areas of Education ` Types of Education 1.3.2 Functions of Education 1.4 Characteristics of Education 1.5 Summary 1.6 Exercise 1.7 References 1.0 OBJECTIVES After studying this unit, you will be able to: • define the term education and derive its meaning • explain meaning and describe the nature of education • understand the scope of education • discuss the various functions of education • formulate and verify the characteristics of education 1.1 INTRODUCTION Human life is the best creation of God, has got two aspects: the biological and the socio-cultural.

  • Biological aspect is found in plant and animal life.
  • But the socio-cultural aspect is the rare distinction of human life alone.
  • It is only man who is capable of being educated.
  • Education in its general sense is a form of learning in which the knowledge, skills, and habits of a group of people are transferred from one generation to the next through teaching, training, or research.

Education frequently takes place under the guidance of others. Any experience that has a formative effect on the way one thinks, feels, or acts may be considered educational. Education is commonly divided into stages such as preschool, primary school, secondary school and then college, university or apprenticeship.

  1. Hence, through education, he tries to seek new ideas and new ways of life.
  2. It is again through education that he promotes his intelligence and adds his knowledge with which he can move the world for good or for evil, according to his wishes.
  3. Thus, he attempts to understand himself in relation to the world about him and to transmit that knowledge succeeding generations.

1.2 NATURE AND MEANING OF EDUCATION 1.2.1 Meaning of Education The word “education” is traced to different sources of derivation. According to the one view the word education is derived from Latin word “educo” means ‘I lead out’ here E means ‘out of’ while ‘duco’ means ‘I lead’ in other words it means ‘I lead out of darkness into light’ and here ‘I’ denotes the teacher.

The hindi word Vidya or vidyā (Sanskrit: विद्या) primarily means science, learning, philosophy, knowledge, and scholarship, any knowledge whether true or false. Its root is vid (Sanskrit: विद्), which means “to reason upon”, knower, finding, knowing, acquiring or understanding. There is another view that the word ‘education’ is derived from the word ‘educare’, meaning ‘to rear’ ‘to bring up’ ‘to nourish’.

This meaning implies that the child is lacking and she is to be brought up with certain preconceived ideas. for which, she is to be fed with knowledge in proper way so that, child or student can utilize his innate power to achieve his ends in other words, it means that the child is to be brought up according to certain aims and ends in view.

The modern educationalists, the child is not to accept imposition, but has to observe, think and draw conclusions for him. Therefore, education means ‘to lead out’, ‘to lead forth’, or ‘to unfold the hidden talents of man’. It is very much the art of developing and cultivation the various powers of mind, physical, mental and moral.

However, it should be noted clearly that nothing can be drawn, unless something is put before hand, means the growth of the child will not take automatically, it needs certain knowledge and experience, so we have to give him knowledge and experience before we expect to draw out the best in the child.

  • Hence, education can be looked upon a process of providing desirable knowledge and experience to the child so as to develop his inner powers to the maximum possible extent.
  • In other words, ‘education’ means both the acquisition of knowledge and experience as well as the development of skills, habits, and an attitude which helps a person to lead a full and worthwhile life in this universe.

It is in fact, a process of training the individual through various experiences of life, so as to draw out the best in him. According to Mahatma Gandhi, “By education I mean an all-round drawing out of the best in the child and man- Body, mind and spirit.

  1. It is one of the means whereby man and women can be educated.
  2. Literacy in itself is no education.” All-round means, Man is neither mere intellect nor the gross animal body, nor the gross animal body, nor the heart or soul alone.
  3. A proper and harmonious combination of all these is required for the making of the whole man.

The modern tendency is to regard education as a bipolar (two-way) process involving interplay of educator (teacher) and educand (student) during which the educator’s personality acts on the educand to modify his/her development. The educator consciously and deliberately tries to develop the educand along definite lines by modifying his/her behaviour.

According to Dewey, education is the process of living through the continuous reconstruction of experiences. It is the development of all those capacities in the individual which will enable him to control his environment and fulfill his possibilities. Dewey also states that education is a psychological and sociological process.

Psychological aspect involves the study of the child’s urges and powers. It furnishes the material and gives the starting point for education. Sociological aspect emphasises participation of the individual in the social consciousness of the race. This socialisation begins at birth and continuously shapes and affects the individual’s personality and thinking.

So, we can rightly say that the role of the educator is to shape and modify the personality of the educand according to the needs and demand of the society. Education is the process of development of an individual from infancy to maturity and so we can rightly say that life is education and education is life.

In the narrower sense, education includes inly those deliberately planned and chosen influences which effect changes to bring about better adjustment of human nature with surroundings. Education should make an individual self-reliant and selfless. Education is higher and finer than mere instructions.

Instruction includes communication knowledge or acquisition of useful skill. Instruction is an essential educational instrument.1.2.2 DEFINITION OF EDUCATION Formally, education can be defined as (in Oxford dictionary): • The action or process of educating or of being educated a stage of such a process.

• The knowledge and development resulting from the process of being educated a person of little education. • The field of study that deals mainly with methods of teaching and learning in schools. Definition of Education by Indian philosophers and ancient Indian scripts: • Education is something, which makes a man self-reliant and self-less.

– Rigveda • Education is that whose end product is salvation. – Upanishada • Education means development of self-contentment. -Kannada • Education is the process of the individual mind getting to its full possible development it is a long school, which lasts a life time. -Zakir Hussain • Education is the manifestation of divine perfection already existing in man.

-Vivekananda 1.2.3 NATURE OF EDUCATION According to John Dewey, Education is the process of living through continuous reconstruction of experiences. Based on this ideology, nature of education is as follows: • Education is life-long process- Education is life long process because every stage of life of an individual is important from educational point of view.

Education is a systematic process- It refers to transact its activities through a systematic institution and regulation. • Education is development of individual and the society- It is called a force for social development, which brings improvement in every aspect in the society. Education should be relevant to life situations.

• Education is modification of behaviour- Human behaviour is modified and improved through educational process. It brings about integrated development of individuals. • Education is a training- Human senses, mind, behaviour, activities; skills are trained in a constructive and socially desirable way.

Education is instruction and direction- It directs and instructs an individual to fulfil his desires and needs for exaltation of his whole personality. • Education is life- Life without education is meaningless and like the life of a beast. Every aspect and incident needs education for its sound development.

• Education is continuous reconstruction of our experiences- As per the definition of John Dewey education reconstructs and remodels our experiences towards socially desirable way. • Education is a power and treasure in human being through which he is entitled as the supreme master on the earth.

  • Education is a tripolar process- It includes interrelation between the Educator (teacher), the Educand (student) and the Society.
  • Therefore, the role of education is countless for a perfect society and man.
  • It is necessary for every society and nation to bring holistic happiness and prosperity to its individuals.

CHECK YOUR PROGRESS 1) The three poles of the education system are Teacher- Pupil- Society. Justify their position.2) Formally define the term Education and state its meaning in the Indian context. 1.3 SCOPE AND FUNCTIONS OF EDUCATION 1.3.1 SCOPE OF EDUCATION Scope means range of view, outlook, field or opportunity of activity operation and application.

  1. Education has a wider meaning and application.
  2. The facets of the scope of education are as follows: • Relation with other disciplines • Areas of Education • Types of Education Relation with Other Disciplines 1.
  3. Education and Philosophy: Philosophy of education covers aims of education, nature of education, importance of education, function of education.
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It’s very old and essential part of education.2. Education and Psychology: Main aim of education is the development of child. Psychology helps to understand the child better and development of child with respect of physical, mental, emotional, social adjustment, individual difference, personality, thinking, reasoning, problem solving.3.

Education and Sociology: A child lives in the society so it is important for him to know about the society, the nature of society, type of society, interdependence between culture and society.4. Education and History: It is also important to know background, origin, development, growth and aspect of the subjects.

And also, education system method of teaching during ancient period, medieval period, British period and modern period.5. Education and Economics: For the growth of business and market the world class economical education is important for each and important.6.

  • Education and Political Science: Political systems have influenced the theory and practices of education from the very beginning.
  • The influence of politics has been instrumental in educating people to fight against exploitation, injustice and to protect their Human Rights as an individual, citizen and a consumer.7.

Education and Population Studies: Viewing at the undesirable growth of population, an awareness is created through population education.8. Education and Environmental Studies: Ecological balances have drawn the attentions of intelligence today. So, looking at the environmental problems study of environment education has great importance. Areas of Education Till now we have seen the relation of education with various disciplines and have enriches the concept of education and understood the role of education in each field of study.

  1. The following are the areas of study under education.1.
  2. Educational Philosophy: Philosophy is an integral part of our life.
  3. Philosophy provides the fundamental principles and education implements these principles in the area of Educational Philosophy.2.
  4. Educational Sociology: School is a miniature society.

The teacher is a social engineer who attempts to bring about the social change through her students and their parents with whom the teacher has a constant interaction. Through Educational Sociology, one can understand how the public institutions and individual experiences affect education and its outcomes.

  • It is mostly concerned with the public schooling systems of modern industrial societies, including the expansion of higher, further, adult, and continuing education.3.
  • Educational Psychology: Educational psychology is the branch of psychology concerned with the scientific study of human learning.4.
  • Method of Teaching: In ancient time the pupil were passive listeners but now they actively participate with the teacher in the process of education.

So the skill and proficiency of different teaching methods needs to be developed.5. History of Education: It records the stages in the development of education in relation to different aspects and the role of revolutionary teachers and philosophers who have contributed in shaping the education system of the entire world.6.

Comparative Education: It is the comparison of education systems and educational policies of different countries with a view to facilitating the educational comparison of the structure, operation, aims, methods, practices of different countries.7. Educational Management: Educational management refers to the administration of the education system in which a group combines human and material resources to supervise, plan, strategize, and implement structures to execute an education system.8.

Educational Technology: Educational technology is the use of both physical hardware, software, and educational theoretic to facilitate learning and improving performance by creating, using, and managing appropriate technological processes and resources. Types of Education Educational thinkers, scholars and philosophers have divided education into different into different types and categories.

Among those the most popular division is types based on institution. According to this division education can be of following types: 1. Formal Education Formal education is the type of education which is provided in certain institutions like school, college, universities etc. Formal education is designed with fixed aims and objective and provided according to the curriculum.

It has fixed time table, examination system and discipline. It is provided in accordance with the rules and regulations of the concerned school and college. The characteristics are as follows: • It is pre-determined and pre planned. • It is time bound and regulated by routine.

  • It is space bound i.e., institutional.
  • It is age bound.
  • It follows systematic curriculum.
  • It is imparted by qualified teachers.
  • It observes strict discipline.
  • It is methodical in nature.2.
  • Informal Education Informal education or incidental education is one which occurs automatically in the process of living.

It is received by one by living with others, such as cycling, horse riding, fishing etc. Family is one of the most important agencies of informal education as we learn many things from its members. The main characteristic of informal education are as follows: • It is incidental and spontaneous.

  • It is not pre planned and deliberate.
  • It is not confined to any institution.
  • There is no prescribed syllabus and time table.
  • It is not time bound and age bound.
  • There are many agencies of informal education.
  • It is also known as out of school education.3.
  • Non-formal Education Non-formal education is any organized systematic educational activity carried outside the framework of the established formal system.

Non-formal education is provided at the convenient place, time and level of understanding or mental growth of children and adult. The main characteristics are: • Non-formal education is open ended and non-competitive • Non-formal education is structured and planned but outside the sphere of formal education • It is consciously and deliberately organized and implemented • It is programmed to serve the need of the homogeneous groups • It possesses flexibility in design of the curriculum and process and evaluation • In non-formal education teacher pupil relationship is much more intimate • Attendance in non-formal education is voluntary • In non-formal education many students are working persons 1.3.2 FUNCTIONS OF EDUCATION The following are the functions of Education: 1) To complete the socialization process: One of the main social objective of education is to complete the socialization process.

  • With the emergence of nuclear families, the role of school and other institutions in the socialization process has increased considerably.
  • The school trains the child to develop honesty, consideration for others and ability to distinguish between right and wrong.
  • Socialization process also enables the child to co-operate with others and to grow as a good citizen by respecting the laws framed by the society.

Socialization is achieved through textbooks and learning experiences intended to develop social skills.2) To transmit the cultural heritage: All societies are proud to uphold or highlight their cultural heritage and ascertain that the culture is preserved and transmitted through social organization to future generation.

All types of education and all agencies of education have to carry out the function of cultural transmission in an earnest way by teaching the elements of culture like literature, history, art, philosophy, etc.3) Formation of social personality: Personality of individual members in a society shares some common features of the culture.

Along with the process of transmitting culture, education also contributes to the formation of social personality. Formation of social personality helps man to adjust with his environment and flourish himself in co-operation with others.4) Reformation of attitude: In the developmental process, child may have incorporated some undesirable attitudes, beliefs and disbelief, localities, prejudices, jealousy, hatred, etc.

  • It is the duty of the education to reform the undesirable attitudes and other negative aspects by means of removing the wrong beliefs, illogical prejudices and unreasoned localities from the child’s mind.
  • A collective effort by the school and home will bring out spectacular results in the matter of reforming attitudes.5) Education for occupational placement-an instrument of livelihood: Now a day, this is regarded as the first and foremost function of education by a large section of people.

This function is related to the practical aim of education and receiving more attention due to the diversified needs of the society. Education should prepare students not only to foresee the future occupational position but also enable them to attain it in an impressive way.

The relevance of this function is evident from the importance we are giving to vocational training.6) Conferring of status: It is understood that an individual’s status in the society is determined by the amount and type or kind of education he has received. In the current situation, the kind of knowledge one is gaining is important than the amount.

For example, a graduate nurse or a diploma nurse can flourish anywhere in the world compared to a person holding Ph.D. in a traditional subject.7) Education encourages the spirit of competition: Healthy competition is essential for the growth of a democratic society.

  1. Healthy competition can be manifested in the form of quality products and services.
  2. From the school level itself students should realize the need for engaging in healthy competition in order to lead a better life.
  3. Unfortunately, our present education system is fostering unhealthy competition.8) Education trains in skills that are required by the economy: Economy and education always enjoy a bilateral relationship for example.

The number of well-functioning hospitals is directly related to the number of qualified and competent nurses passing out from the nursing institutes. More patients will be admitted to a hospital which is providing quality nursing care. This will lead to more money transactions and ultimately results in the economic development of the nearby areas of the hospital.9) Foster participant democracy: In participant democracy, ordinary citizen is aware about his rights and duties and participates actively in the democratic process.

  • Literacy is essential to nurture participant democracy and literature is the product of education.
  • Thus, education fosters participant democracy.10) Education imparts values: Education help the students to realize the role of values in leading a good life as a social being.
  • Through various activities education imparts values such as co-operation, team spirit, obedience, etc.11) Education acts as an integrative force: Education acts as an integrative force in society by communicating values that unite different sections of society.

By and large students learn social skills from the educational institutions. In India, through education we are teaching the concept of ‘unity in diversity’ as a part of developing this integrative force.12) Values and orientation which are specific to certain professions are also provided by education: This function deals mainly with the professional education.

For example, in nursing institutes, nursing students are educated in a particular way to meet the health needs of the society. CHECK YOUR PROGRESS 1) Differentiate between the three types of Education.2) Explain the relation of Education with other disciplines.3) How does Education encourage spirit of competition? 1.4 CHARACTERISTICS OF EDUCATION Education is a process of continuous reconstruction of experience.

Education exhibits a wide characteristic among which the most important are: 1. Education is a social process: Education occurs only in social environment and without it no one can acquire experiences. As we know experience is the most important ingredient of education and it can only be perceived in social environment, so it is a social process.2.

Interrelationship of life and education: The different situations and strange incidents that occurs in our life and education, both of them influences our life to a great extent. Therefore, we can call life is as education and education is as life.3. Education is development: Education is directly or indirectly in the all-round development of child.

The aim of education is the development of child to its fullest extent. So, education is development and development itself life.4. Education is the root cause of creativity: Education gives new experiences to individuals and helps them to create new things.5.

  1. Education is the reconstruction of experience: Man acquire different experiences in different situations.
  2. In due course of time some of these were excluded and some were converted and new experiences fills the empty spaces.
  3. In human life this conversion and reconstruction of experiences is termed as education.6.
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Education plays significant role in social conservation: Every society has its own rites and rituals, ethics, morality, language, culture, beliefs, etc. Education helps the society to conserve them.7. Education is an Art: Education is an art. It develops the inherent qualities of child in beautiful way like Arts.

Teaching is also an Art. Therefore, the teacher helps the students good and healthy personality under his guidance.8. Education is a socializing process: Every society has its own moral values. With the help of education people can develop these moral values. Therefore, it is termed as socializing process.9.

Education brings about desirable change in human behaviour: Education brings change of human behaviour in a desired way. Good and ethical behaviour makes us a good person and helps in our development.10. Education is the power to make adjustment in new situations: Education gives us strength to solve the difficult problems that we have faced in our life.

  1. CHECK YOUR PROGRESS 1) Write the characteristics of Education.2) Justify, ‘Education is an Art’.
  2. 1.5 SUMMARY From the above definitions, it is now clear that since the ancient times to the modern times of John Dewey, Swami Vivekananda and Mahatma Gandhi, various educationists have defined education in various ways.

The field of education is so vast and varied that to give a specific definition of education about which all educationists agree is very difficult. We see that some educationists have defined only one aspect of education whereas the others emphasize its other phases.

The reason of this difference of opinions is that different educationists, most of whom are philosophers, have different views about the aim of life. The different meanings and definitions of education as given above lead us to the conclusion that education should have a comprehensive definition. Thus, education may be defined as a purposive, conscious or unconscious, psychological, sociological, scientific and philosophical process, which brings about the development of the individual to the fullest extent and also the maximum development of society in such a way that both enjoy maximum happiness and prosperity.

In short, education is the development of individual according to his/her needs and demands of society, of which he/she is an integral part. 1.6 EXERCISE 1. Discuss and differentiate between the three forms of education.2. Elaborate on the different areas of Education with appropriate examples.3.

Discuss and define the scope of education with relevant examples.4. What is the meaning of education? Define Education using the bases of Indian Philosophers.5. “Education is the manifestation of divine perfection already existing in man.” was said by: a. Swami Vivekananda b. John Dewey c. Mahatma Gandhi d.

Zakir Hussain 6. Which of the following is not a part of tripolar process of Education: a. Education b. Educand c. Educator d. Society 7. Which of the following is not a type of process to impart education: a. Formal b. Informal c. Casual d. Non-Formal 8. Which of the following statements is not true for education: a.

  • Education is an Art b.
  • Education is not a socializing process c.
  • Education is development d.
  • Education is a cause of creativity 1.7 REFERENCES Main References:,
  • Safaya, R N and B.D.
  • Shaida (1998).
  • Development of Educational Theory and Practice.
  • Delhi: Dhanpat Rai and Sons.
  • Aggarwal J C (2010).
  • Theory and Principles of Education (13th Edition).

New Delhi: Vikas Publishing house. Bhatia, K K and C.L.Narang (1998). Principles of Education. Ludhiana: Prakash Brothers Publishers. Taneja,V R (1997). Educational Thought and Practice. New Delhi: Sterling Publishers. Internet References:, Meaning, Aims and Process of Education.
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What are the four functions of education?

Learning Objectives –

  1. List the major functions of education.
  2. Explain the problems that conflict theory sees in education.
  3. Describe how symbolic interactionism understands education.

The major sociological perspectives on education fall nicely into the functional, conflict, and symbolic interactionist approaches (Ballantine & Hammack, 2009). Table 16.1 “Theory Snapshot” summarizes what these approaches say. Table 16.1 Theory Snapshot

Theoretical perspective Major assumptions
Functionalism Education serves several functions for society. These include (a) socialization, (b) social integration, (c) social placement, and (d) social and cultural innovation. Latent functions include child care, the establishment of peer relationships, and lowering unemployment by keeping high school students out of the full-time labor force.
Conflict theory Education promotes social inequality through the use of tracking and standardized testing and the impact of its “hidden curriculum.” Schools differ widely in their funding and learning conditions, and this type of inequality leads to learning disparities that reinforce social inequality.
Symbolic interactionism This perspective focuses on social interaction in the classroom, on the playground, and in other school venues. Specific research finds that social interaction in schools affects the development of gender roles and that teachers’ expectations of pupils’ intellectual abilities affect how much pupils learn.

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What is tri polar radio frequency?

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Why is it called polar coordinate system?

Maths in a minute: Polar coordinates Cartesian coordinates. How do you locate a point on the plane? One way of doing this, which you’re probably familiar with, it to use the Cartesian coordinate system. Draw two perpendicular axes and describe the location of a point by two coordinates, To find you start at the point and walk a distance along the horizontal axis and a distance along the vertical axis. But there’s another way of locating points on the plane, which is very nice too. To each point assign the pair of numbers, where is the distance from to along a straight radial line, and is the angle formed by that radial line and the positive -axis, measured anti-clockwise from the -axis to the line. These new coordinates are called polar coordinates, because you treat the crossing point of the axes as a pole from which everything radiates out.

  1. In the image below, click on the point and drag it around to see how its polar coordinates change (degrees are measured in radians).
  2. Some shapes that are hard to describe in Cartesian coordinates are easier to describe using polar coordinates.
  3. For example, think of a circle of radius centred on the point,

It is made up of all the points that lie a distance from, In polar coordinates these are all the points with coordinates, where can take any value at all. In Cartesian coordinates this circle is a little harder to describe. It is made up of all points with coordinates where

This follows from Pythagoras’ theorem.) A circle. It is made up of all points whose Cartesian coordinates ( x, y ) satisfy x 2 + y 2 = 4 and whose polar coordinates ( r, θ ) satisfy r =2. The points shown has Cartesian coordinates (√2, √2) and polar coordinates (2,45), with the angle measured in degrees.

  • Another nice example comes from looking at all the points whose first polar coordinate is equal to the second polar coordinate.
  • In other words, all points of the form As grows, the point moves further out from the point The angle grows at the same rate.
  • As becomes larger, the angle turns round and round the point,

The result is an Archimedean spiral, The movie below shows the points with coordinates, as grows from to (which corresponds to ten full turns of ). It’s a lot harder to describe such an Archimedean spiral in Cartesian coordinates! Finally, we look at points whose second polar coordinate is equal to, where is the second polar coordinate and is the base of the natural logarithm.

  1. In this case, the first coordinate (the distance from the corresponding point to ) grows faster than the second coordinate (the angle).
  2. The result is a spiral whose turns aren’t as tight as that of an Archimedean spiral — it’s an example of a logarithmic spiral,
  3. The movie below shows the points with coordinates, as grows from to (corresponding to four full turns).

See for more about Archimedean and logarithmic spirals, as well as other interesting shapes you can draw with polar coordinates. : Maths in a minute: Polar coordinates
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Is tripolar a charge?

Charge is bipolar since it can be expressed in terms of positive and negative.
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How does the polar coordinate system work?

An Introduction to Polar Coordinates In one sense it might seem odd that the first way we are taught to represent the position of objects in mathematics is using Cartesian coordinates when this method of location is not the most natural or the most convenient.

For a start, you have to use negative as well as positive numbers to describe all the points on the plane and you have to create a grid (well axes) to use as a reference. When you ask a child where they left their ball they will say “just over there” and point. They are describing (albeit very roughly) a distance “just” and a direction “over there” (supported by a point or a nod of the head).

When you ask someone where their town is they often say things like “about $30$ miles north of London”. Again, a distance and direction. It is not very often that someone gives the latitude and longitude of their town! The use of a distance and direction as a means of describing position is therefore far more natural than using two distances on a grid.

This means of location is used in polar coordinates and bearings. The polar coordinates of a point describe its position in terms of a distance from a fixed point (the origin) and an angle measured from a fixed direction which, interestingly, is not “north” (or up on a page) but “east” (to the right).

That is in the direction $Ox$ on Cartesian axes. So: In the plane we choose a fixed point $O$, known as “the pole”. Then we choose an axis $Ox$ through the pole and call it the “polar axis”. We now need a way of describing these points in a way that is efficient and understood by everyone. We say that $(r,\theta )$ are the polar coordinates of the point $P$, where $r$ is the distance $P$ is from the origin $O$ and $\theta$ the angle between $O x$ and $O P$. $$\begin (60,0)\\ (30, 270)\\ (120, 225)\\ (90, 90)\\ (60,60)\\ (120, 180) \end $$ So far I have measured the angles in degrees $(^\circ)$ but the normal convention is to use radians $(^c)$. There are $2\pi$ radians in a full turn. That is: $$\begin 360^\circ = 2\pi^c\\ 180^\circ =\pi^c\\ 90^\circ = \left(\frac \right) ^c\\ 1^\circ = \left( \frac \right) ^c \end $$ Looking at one of our points in the list above $(90,90)$ would be $(90,\frac )$ if the angle is measured in radians.

  • Can you write each of the other pairs of polar coordinates above using radian measure? (Answers at the end of the article).
  • There are in fact an infinite number of ways you can write any point using polar coordinates because you can always add $2\pi^c$, or $4\pi^c$, or $6\pi^c$,
  • To the angle and still end up pointing in the same direction! In the example above the general coordinates for $A$ would be $(90,2n\pi + \frac )$, where $n$ is an integer.

This also means that the polar coordinates of the pole $O$ are $(0,\theta)$ where $\theta$ can be any angle.
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