What Is The Target Group Of Inclusive Education?

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What Is The Target Group Of Inclusive Education
Target Group of Inclusive Education Young persons with disabilities in the age group 14- 16 years who are part of the educational stream. defined under the persons with disability act( (1995) and the National Trust Act (1999).
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What is target group in education?

In this post we will be looking at the meaning of target group of learners in the society, meaning of special education, its importance and constraints. INTRODUCTION. Education remains central in Nigerians social and economic development as it is the springboard for social and economic change.

The National Policy on education accent that education is the right of every child and should be brought close to the environment of the child. What do we mean by ‘special target groups’? The special target groups are pupils with significant limitations in terms of activity and participation in one or more areas of life due to permanent functional and structural issues, which result in continued difficulty in terms of communication, learning, mobility, autonomy, interpersonal relationships and social involvement.

Those special target groups consists of children of nomadic pastorals, migrant fishermen’s, migrant farmers, hunters, traders. They all referred to as migrant since they can move from one place to another in search for their life better. WHAT IS TARGET GROUP OF LEARNERS? The target groups are special pupils in the society with significant limitations in terms of activity and participation in one or more areas of life due to permanent functional and structural issues, which result in continued difficulty in terms of communication, learning, mobility, autonomy, interpersonal relationships and social involvement.

  1. The target group of learners with special educational needs (SEN) includes children, young people or adults with impairments or disabilities that, if compensated through reasonable accommodation as foreseen by law, will not prevent them from attaining the objectives of their educational level.
  2. THE CATEGORIES OF TARGET GROUP OF LEARNERS.

There are three main categories of target group of learners:

Learners with special educational needs (SEN)

The target group of learners with special educational needs (SEN) includes children, young people or adults with impairments or disabilities that, if compensated through reasonable accommodation as foreseen by law, will not prevent them from attaining the objectives of their educational level.

Learners with specific educational needs

There is need for the creation of specialized psycho-pedagogical competence centres for social inclusion defines children or young people needing specific education as individuals with deficiencies or difficulties according to international classifications, and who encounter more learning difficulties than children or young people of the same age.

Pupils with difficulties

A third and more general category concerns all pupils who encounter physical, psychological or behavioral difficulties in their social environment or on the level of their school career. This target group also includes the two categories mentioned above.

  • Pupils having had two or three experiences of educational failure in the course of their academic career.
  • Pupils who have been temporarily or permanently expelled from school in the last two years.
  • Pupils with behavioral difficulties
  • Pupils with special educational needs (SEN)
  • Pupils benefitting from allowances to low-income families
  • Pupils reported to be repeatedly absent or late
  • Pupils who systematically do not do their homework or inadequately prepare their lessons.

Secondary schools may organize activities and special classes for these pupils who are at risk of school drop-out. The objective of these arrangements is to prevent exclusion, lay the foundation for lifelong learning and foster social integration. WHAT IS SPECIAL EDUCATION? Special education is an Educational Program/Service designed to meet the needs of children with special needs who cannot profit from general or Regular Education because of disabilities or Exceptional Disabilities.

  • Helps Children Focus on Their Challenges.
  • Helps Children Grow Comfortable in Seeking Help.
  • Easily Match Students with Educators Who Understand Their Disabilities.
  • Help To Identify Individual Learning Styles
  • Provides full-time specialized support
  • Low teacher-to-student ratios
  • Often, teachers are trained in special education
  • Kids learn and interact with peers who also have challenges
  • Kids less likely to feel out of place
  • Many special resources and services may be offered
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THE NEEDS AND IMPORTANCE OF SPECIAL EDUCATION. Every child has the right to the same opportunities as others, regardless of the difficulties they face. Special education is of great importance for children with learning disabilities, because:

  • it gives them the opportunity to get quality education in line with their unique needs.
  • Special education enables every student to gain a high level of independence and reach their full potential.
  • It allows the students to enjoy the education and gain confidence due to individual learning.
  • Special education mainly focuses on the designing of an educational structure that has the potential to overpower the disadvantages of any disability along with helping the children to get quality education.
  • Special education provides individual attention to each student which enables the student to understand the entire information provided to them by their tutors.
  • Special education enables student to get inspiration from the teacher who is teaching them. A teacher can give the biggest reward to their student by giving them hope and encouragement.

CONSTRAINTS TO EDUCATION OF SPECIAL TARGET GROUP,

  1. Cultural differences
  2. Language differences
  3. Resource constraints
  4. Lack of information
  5. Psychological difficulties
  6. Lack of instructional material Cultural differences

CONCLUTION. Tutors should use unique aids and tools for teaching students with special needs. Educators should use special and unique ideas for increasing their understanding of the information given to them. They should adopt the trial-and-error methodology.

  • Alternative usage of tools can perform like if one tool does not work, the tutor can use another tool that could easily replace the previous one.
  • Patience and tolerance are meant to be the most important key in the classroom of special education.
  • With regards to the behavior of the student, a positive attitude is essential.

The cognitive capabilities can be affected by the wrong attitude of the teachers or the tutors.
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Who are the students under inclusive education?

Inclusive education There are an estimated 240 million children with disabilities worldwide. Like all children, children with disabilities have ambitions and dreams for their futures. Like all children, they need quality education to develop their skills and realize their full potential.

Yet, children with disabilities are often overlooked in policymaking, limiting their access to education and their ability to participate in social, economic and political life. Worldwide, these children are among the most likely to be out of school. They face persistent barriers to education stemming from discrimination, stigma and the routine failure of decision makers to incorporate disability in school services.

Disability is one of the most serious barriers to education across the globe. Robbed of their right to learn, children with disabilities are often denied the chance to take part in their communities, the workforce and the decisions that most affect them.

  • Inclusive education is the most effective way to give all children a fair chance to go to school, learn and develop the skills they need to thrive.
  • Inclusive education means all children in the same classrooms, in the same schools.
  • It means real learning opportunities for groups who have traditionally been excluded – not only children with disabilities, but speakers of minority languages too.

Inclusive systems value the unique contributions students of all backgrounds bring to the classroom and allow diverse groups to grow side by side, to the benefit of all. Inclusive education allows students of all backgrounds to learn and grow side by side, to the benefit of all.

  1. But progress comes slowly.
  2. Inclusive systems require changes at all levels of society.
  3. At the school level, teachers must be trained, buildings must be refurbished and students must receive accessible learning materials.
  4. At the community level, stigma and discrimination must be tackled and individuals need to be educated on the benefit of inclusive education.
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At the national level, Governments must align laws and policies with the, and regularly collect and analyse data to ensure children are reached with effective services. To close the education gap for children with disabilities, UNICEF supports government efforts to foster and monitor inclusive education systems.

Advocacy : UNICEF promotes inclusive education in discussions, high-level events and other forms of outreach geared towards policymakers and the general public. Awareness-raising : UNICEF shines a spotlight on the needs of children with disabilities by conducting research and hosting roundtables, workshops and other events for government partners. Capacity-building : UNICEF builds the capacity of education systems in partner countries by training teachers, administrators and communities, and providing technical assistance to Governments. Implementation support : UNICEF assists with monitoring and evaluation in partner countries to close the implementation gap between policy and practice.

: Inclusive education
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What is special target groups?

Special Target Group means a specific group of Ex-Combatants that is provided specialized support for its socioeconomic reintegration and comprises those who are female, children, disabled, chronically ill, at risk of HIV / AIDS, HIV-positive, or need particular psychosocial support.
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What is a target group example?

• Demography – Socio-economic data that describe a user. This group includes attributes, such as age, income, education, gender or geographic location. Using demographic data you can target your campaign for example at young people (eg. age 18-24), both female and male from towns with a population larger than 20,000. Find our target audience in our taxonomy
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What is target group and why is it so important?

What is a Target Audience? – “There is only one winning strategy. It is to carefully define the target market and direct a superior offering to that target market,” marketing author Philip Kotler once said. A target audience is a specific group of people with shared characteristics who are most likely to be interested in your products or services.

  • Gender
  • Age
  • Location
  • Profession
  • Income
  • Education level
  • Marital status

What Is The Target Group Of Inclusive Education
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Is inclusive education for everyone?

What is inclusive education? ALLFIE (the Alliance for Inclusive Education) Inclusive education – also called inclusion – is education that includes everyone, with non-disabled and Disabled people (including those with “special educational needs”) learning together in mainstream schools, colleges and universities.

  • This means the system must adapt to include Disabled people – they should not have to adapt to the system (see ).
  • The education system must recognise that it creates barriers for Disabled learners, for instance if parts of the school are inaccessible.
  • Disabled pupils and students may require adaptations and support to access the curriculum.

Here are some examples:

Faisal is a wheelchair user. So that he can go to the debating society after school, the accessible minibus collects him at a later time. Jenny has dyslexia. So that she can study a book along with the class, the teacher asks her to listen to the audio book rather than reading the text. James is Deaf and communicates using sign language. Instead of taking him out of his lessons to have a separate lesson with a sign language teacher, his teachers, teaching assistants and the pupils learn to sign too in order to communicate with him.

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Who are the beneficiaries of inclusive education?

Inclusion Classroom Benefits Inclusive education has many benefits for the students. Instructional time with non-disabled peers helps the learners to learn strategies taught by the teacher. Teachers bring in different ways to teach a lesson for disabled students and non-disabled students.

All the students in the classroom benefit from this. The students can now learn from the lesson how to help each other. Socialization in the school allows the students to learn communication skills and interaction skills from each other. Students can build friendships from these interactions. The students can also learn about hobbies from each other.

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A friendship in school is important for the development of learning. When a student has a friend the student can relate to a member of the classroom. Students’ being able to relate to each other gives them a better learning environment. Involving non-disabled peers with disabled peers gives the students a positive attitude towards each other.

The students are the next generation to be in the workforce; the time in the classroom with the disabled and non-disabled peers will allow them to communicate in the real world someday. Disabled peers can be involved in the classroom. Students can be included in homeroom, specials such as art and gym, lunch, recess, and assemblies.

Disabled students involved in these classrooms will give them the time they need to participate in activities with their non-disabled peers. Awareness should be taught to students that will be in the classroom with the disabled peers. The teacher can do a puppet show, show a movie, or have the student talk to the class.

The teacher could also read a book to help the student describe his or her disability. The class can ask questions about what they learned and what they want to know. This will help when the students are together in the classroom. Positive modeling is important for the students in the classroom. Positive modeling is the teacher showing a good example towards both disabled and non-disabled students this will help the students to get along more.

: Inclusion Classroom Benefits
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Who gets benefit from inclusive education?

Explain the concept of Inclusion. A defining characteristic of an excellent physical education program is that it includes students with a diverse range of abilities, needs, interests and learning styles in meaningful learning experiences. The term Inclusive Physical Education reflects a program where respect and acceptance of all students, specifically students with disabilities, is an essential component of the classroom environment and teaching strategies.

  • Inclusion is about creating a classroom in which every student is welcomed, valued, respected and enabled to reach his her full potential.
  • In a successful Inclusive Physical Education program, all students are fully engaged in instructional activities, sharing equally and learning together.
  • Although the activities may be modified or adapted, students with disabilities learn the same concepts, skills, and content as all other students in the class.

The result is educational equity and access for all students! Inclusive Physical Education requires educators to believe in the concept that success for each student can be different. The educator must be willing to modify and adapt lessons and activities to ensure that every student learns and achieves success at his own pace and according to his own abilities.

  1. Educators see the abilities of all students as contributing to the whole class.
  2. Effective teaching for students with disabilities is basically the same as effective teaching for all students.
  3. Write a note on special Olympic Bharat? This organization was established in 2001, It’s aim was to increase the participation of differently abled person’s in games and sports.

It’s another objective was to develop leadership, quality and healthy. This organization organizes sports competition at state level. It also serves talented players and trains them for international games. After 2002, about 23,750 participants have participated in national games.

  1. Between 1987 and 2013, a total of 671 Indian athletes participated in Olympic.
  2. They won 246 Gold medals, 265 Silver medals, 27 bronze medals and they raised the glory of the country in the world.
  3. Today around 1 million athletes are the members of this organization and 84905 coaches train these athletes.

This organization does the all round development of the players through games and sports.
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