What Is The Role Of Nurse In Health Education?
Patient education and support – Nurses are also responsible for ensuring that patients can understand their health, illnesses, medications, and treatments to the best of their ability. This is particularly important when patients are discharged from the hospital and are responsible for continuing their treatments at home.
- A nurse should take the time to explain to the patient and their family or caregiver what to do and expect when they leave the hospital or medical clinic.
- Nurses should also ensure that the patient feels supported and knows where to seek additional information if needed.
- In every aspect of healthcare, nurses provide education, promote healthy practices, share their expertise, and help patients heal.
By guiding patients and their families, nurses can also provide patients with appropriate referrals for other services, resources, and classes. In addition to when patients leave the hospital, nurses also educate patients about their care plan daily. This is essential for the success of the treatment, as patients must be prepared for all steps of their treatment and recovery.
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- 1 What is the nurses role in health?
- 1.1 What is the nurse’s role in patient education?
- 1.2 What are 10 roles of a nurse?
- 1.3 What is the importance of health education?
- 1.4 What is the role of education in healthcare?
- 1.5 What is the most important nursing role?
- 1.6 What are the 5 importance of health education?
What is the nurses role in health?
Nurses are Key to the Health of the Nation –
There are over 4 million registered nurses in the United States today. That means that one in every 100 people is a registered nurse. Nurses are in every community – large and small – providing expert care from birth to the end of life. According to the January 2012 “United States Registered Nurse Workforce Report Card and Shortage Forecast” in the American Journal of Medical Quality, a shortage of registered nurses is projected to spread across the country between 2009 and 2030. In this state-by-state analysis, the authors forecast the RN shortage to be most intense in the South and the West Nurses’ roles range from direct patient care and case management to establishing nursing practice standards, developing quality assurance procedures, and directing complex nursing care systems.
: What is Nursing & What do nurses do? | ANA Enterprise
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What is the nurse’s role in patient education?
After nurses graduate from a RN to BSN degree program, they become educators even if they do not work as teachers in academia. Nursing is not just about dispensing medication or administering treatments. Nurses also are responsible for teaching patients about preventing and managing medical conditions.
By relaying information, nurses help patients take control of their healthcare. Patient education is a significant part of a nurse’s job. Education empowers patients to improve their health status. When patients are involved in their care, they are more likely to engage in interventions that may increase their chances for positive outcomes.
The benefits of patient education include:
Prevention of medical conditions such as obesity, diabetes or heart disease. Patients who are informed about what to expect during a procedure and throughout the recovery process. Decreasing the possibility of complications by teaching patients about medications, lifestyle modifications and self-monitoring devices like a glucose meter or blood pressure monitor. Reduction in the number of patients readmitted to the hospital. Retaining independence by learning self-sufficiency.
Effective patient education starts from the time patients are admitted to the hospital and continues until they are discharged. Nurses should take advantage of any appropriate opportunity throughout a patient’s stay to teach the patient about self-care.
- The self-care instruction may include teaching patients how to inject insulin, bathe an infant or change a colostomy pouching system.
- Without proper education, a patient may go home and resume unhealthy habits or ignore the management of their medical condition.
- These actions may lead to a relapse and a return to the hospital.
To educate patients, nurses may instruct patients about the following:
Self-care steps they need to take. Why they need to maintain self-care. How to recognize warning signs. What to do if a problem occurs. Who to contact if they have questions.
Many patients lack knowledge about healthcare. Nurses must assess their patients to pinpoint the best way to educate them about their health and determine how much they already know about their medical condition. They need to build a rapport with patients by asking questions to zero in on concerns.
Common words and phrases. Reading materials written at a sixth-grade level. Video. Audio.
A hands-on approach is instrumental in guaranteeing that a patient understands medical requirements. Nurses should perform a demonstration and have patients repeat back the information or carry out the procedure themselves. Nurses should also teach the patient’s family members, friends or caregivers at home.
What level of education do they have? Can they read and comprehend directions for medications, diet, procedures and treatments? What is the best teaching method? Reading, viewing or participating in a demonstration? What language does the patient speak? Does the patient want basic information or in-depth instruction? How well does the patient see and hear?
In order to create an environment that is conducive to patient education, nurses should develop a supportive relationship with their patients. Patients equipped with knowledge can make lifestyle changes and remain self-sufficient even if they have a chronic medical condition.
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What are 10 roles of a nurse?
Nursing responsibilities Recording and monitoring a patient’s vital signs. Promoting well-being by educating patients on self-care techniques. Consulting with doctors and other medical staff to determine the optimal treatment plan. Administering over-the-counter and non-intravenous medications.
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What is the importance of health education?
Health Education helps individuals to be empowered and communities to live healthier by improving the physical, mental, emotional and social health through increasing their knowledge and influencing their attitudes on caring for their well-being. Hence, to increase the national awareness on major public health issues and to promote a better understanding of the role of health education, yearly every third (3 rd ) week of October is observed as Health Education Week.
Health education is a social science that aims to promote health and prevent disease through voluntary behavioral change activities. It is a combination of biological, environmental, psychological, intellectual, physical, and medical aspects of health focused on helping individuals and communities through self-enhancing skills and activities.
So how important is Health Education in our lives? 1. We can take care of ourselves better The further we know on our health the better we can take care of ourselves. Health Education advocates deeper understanding of our health issues and encourages us to trust on health care educators to stay informed.2.
It helps appreciate the educators Health Education reminds us of the importance of health care educators and the contribution they make to the health of our communities. Educators share critical knowledge that can help us live healthier lives.3. Keeps us informed on our health to stay healthy Health education programs include increasing our knowledge and influences behavior change on physical, mental, emotional and social health for our overall well-being and health 4.
It influences many areas of wellness within the community It impacts many aspects of the community’s wellness including chronic disease awareness and prevention, maternal and infant health, tobacco use and substance abuse, injury and violence prevention, mental and behavioral health, nutrition, exercise and obesity prevention.
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What is the role of education in healthcare?
Health Behaviors – Knowledge and skills: In addition to being prepared for better jobs, people with more education are more likely to learn about healthy behaviors. Educated patients may be more able to understand their health needs, follow instructions, advocate for themselves and their families, and communicate effectively with health providers.21 People with more education are more likely to learn about health and health risks, improving their literacy and comprehension of what can be complex issues critical to their wellbeing.
- People who are more educated are more receptive to health education campaigns.
- Education can also lead to more accurate health beliefs and knowledge, and thus to better lifestyle choices, but also to better skills and greater self-advocacy.
- Education improves skills such as literacy, develops effective habits, and may improve cognitive ability.
The skills acquired through education can affect health indirectly (through better jobs and earnings) or directly (through ability to follow health care regimens and manage diseases), and they can affect the ability of patients to navigate the health system, such as knowing how to get reimbursed by a health plan.
Thus, more highly educated individuals may be more able to understand health care issues and follow treatment guidelines.21–23 The quality of doctor-patient communication is also poorer for patients of low socioeconomic status. A review of the effects of health literacy on health found that people with lower health literacy are more likely to use emergency services and be hospitalized and are less likely to use preventive services such as mammography or take medications and interpret labels correctly.
Among the elderly, poor health literacy has been linked to poorer health status and higher death rates.24
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What is the most important nursing role?
Patient care – The primary role of a nurse is to be a caregiver for patients by managing physical needs, preventing illness, and treating health conditions. To do this, nurses must observe and monitor the patient and record any relevant information to aid in treatment decision-making processes.
- Nurses care for injuries, administer medications, conduct frequent medical examinations, record detailed medical histories, monitor heart rate and blood pressure, perform diagnostic tests, operate medical equipment, draw blood, and admit/discharge patients according to physician orders.
- Nurses also ensure patients’ comfort, change bandages, report any changes in a patient’s condition to other nurses or doctors, document patient activities, and assume other relevant tasks.
Nurses must often pay close attention to every detail of the patient’s treatment and how they respond. If a problem is identified, nurses will often be the first to notice; thus, they must be able to quickly report a problem, particularly in the event of an emergency, to a physician.
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What are the six nursing roles?
Peplau’s Theory of Interpersonal Relations Peplau published her Theory of Interpersonal Relations in 1952, and in 1968, interpersonal techniques became the crux of, The Theory of Interpersonal Relations is a middle-range descriptive classification theory.
It was influenced by Henry Stack Sullivan, Percival Symonds, Abraham Maslow, and Neal Elger Miller. The four components of the theory are: person, which is a developing organism that tries to reduce anxiety caused by needs; environment, which consists of existing forces outside of the person, and put in the context of culture; health, which is a word symbol that implies forward movement of personality and other other human processes toward creative, constructive, productive, personal, and community living.
The nursing model identifies four sequential phases in the interpersonal relationship: orientation, identification, exploitation, and resolution. The orientation phase defines the problem. It starts when the nurse meets the patient, and the two are strangers.
After defining the problem, the orientation phase identifies the type of service needed by the patient. The patient seeks assistance, tells the nurse what he or she needs, asks questions, and shares preconceptions and expectations based on past experiences. Essentially, the orientation phase is the nurse’s assessment of the patient’s health and situation.
The identification phase includes the selection of the appropriate assistance by a professional. In this phase, the patient begins to feel as if he or she belongs, and feels capable of dealing with the problem which decreases the feeling of helplessness and hopelessness.
- The identification phase is the development of a based on the patient’s situation and goals.
- The exploitation phase uses professional assistance for problem-solving alternatives.
- The advantages of the professional services used are based on the needs and interests of the patients.
- In the exploitation phase, the patient feels like an integral part of the helping environment, and may make minor requests or use attention-getting techniques.
When communicating with the patient, the nurse should use interview techniques to explore, understand, and adequately deal with the underlying problem. The nurse must also be aware of the various phases of communication since the patient’s independence is likely to fluctuate.
The nurse should help the patient exploit all avenues of help as progress is made toward the final phase. This phase is the implementation of the nursing plan, taking actions toward meeting the goals set in the identification phase. The final phase is the resolution phase. It is the termination of the professional relationship since the patient’s needs have been met through the collaboration of patient and nurse.
They must sever their relationship and dissolve any ties between them. This can be difficult for both if psychological dependence still exists. The patient drifts away from the nurse and breaks the bond between them. A healthier emotional balance is achieved and both become mature individuals.
This is the evaluation of the, The nurse and patient evaluate the situation based on the goals set and whether or not they were met. The goal of psychodynamic nursing is to help understand one’s own behavior, help others identify felt difficulties, and apply principles of human relations to the problems that come up at all experience levels.
Peplau explains that nursing is therapeutic because it is a healing art, assisting a patient who is sick or in need of health care. It is also an interpersonal process because of the interaction between two or more individuals who have a common goal. The nurse and patient work together so both become mature and knowledgeable in the care process.
- The nurse has a variety of roles in nursing theory.
- The six main roles are: stranger, teacher, resource person, counselor, surrogate, and leader.
- As a stranger, the nurse receives the patient in the same way the patient meets a stranger in other life situations.
- The nurse should create an environment that builds trust.
As a teacher, the nurse imparts knowledge in reference to the needs or interests of the patient. In this way, the nurse is also a resource person, providing specific information needed by the patient that helps the patient understand a problem or situation.
The nurse’s role as a counselor helps the patient understand and integrate the meaning of current life situations, as well as provide guidance and encouragement in order to make changes. As a surrogate, the nurse helps the patient clarify the domains of dependence, interdependence, and independence, and acts as an advocate for the patient.
As a leader, the nurse helps the patient take on maximum responsibility for meeting his or her treatment goals. Additional roles of a nurse include technical expert, consultant, tutor, socializing and safety agent, environment manager, mediator, administrator, record observer, and researcher.
Some limitations of Peplau’s theory include the lack of emphasis on health promotion and maintenance; that intra-family dynamics, personal space considerations, and community social service resources are less considered; it can’t be used on a patient who is unable to express a need; and some areas are not specific enough to generate a hypothesis.
: Peplau’s Theory of Interpersonal Relations
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What are the 5 importance of health education?
Importance of Health Education | Why Is It Required? Health education develops the awareness, skills, and positive attitudes of students towards health. Health education teaches physical, mental, emotional, and social health. It helps students to improve and preserve their health, avoid illness, and reduce risky behaviors.
Health education curricula and training help students learn skills so that they can make healthier decisions in their lives. It is important for students as it builds their health awareness and attitudes. Health education is not just about being well. It also focuses on emotional, mental, and social wellbeing.
Educating students on the value of wellness is building their inspiration. As a consequence, they aim to promote good health, prevent illness and avoid risky behavior. Instilling the value of good health in schools helps students make healthier decisions as they grow older and continue to do so in their lives.
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What is the most important role of a nurse educator?
Nurse educators today have an essential and important job in the professional medical world. They are tasked with strengthening the nursing workforce, serving as role models, and providing the leadership needed to implement evidence-based practice. Working in classroom and practice settings, they prepare and mentor future generations of nurses.
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