What Is The Need For Value Education Mcq?

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What Is The Need For Value Education Mcq
What Is The Need For Value Education Mcq? A person’s value education can be a means to live each and every day in a different way. Learning values helps individuals become more responsible, sensible, and sensitive. As a result of this, an individual will find joy, motivation, and resilience on every occasion.
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What is the need of value education?

THE AIMS OF VALUES EDUCATION – This concept is about the educational process that instils moral standards to create more civil and democratic societies. Values education therefore promotes tolerance and understanding above and beyond our political, cultural and religious differences, putting special emphasis on the defence of human rights, the protection of ethnic minorities and the most vulnerable groups, and the conservation of the environment. Characteristics of values education.
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What is the need of MCQ?

pros and cons of using MCQs to test students’ knowledge December 02, 2021 10:35 am | Updated 10:35 am IST MCQs are a useful tool to assess knowledge and understanding of complex concepts Multiple Choice Question or MCQs are a type of standardised test used by teachers and other educators to assess a student’s knowledge and progress.

MCQ-based tests are used from elementary school all the way to the university. While on the face of it, the MCQ paper seems easy, the process can be difficult especially when dealing with questions one is unsure about. MCQs are a useful tool to assess knowledge and understanding of complex concepts. Since students can respond quickly to multiple choices, a teacher can quickly assess their mastery of various topics.

It is also possible to score the items quickly and accurately. Essentially it is an exercise of memory, which is not always a bad thing. It depends on the nature of assessment goal. How it works MCQs allow for a standardised evaluation of the kind of information that stood out the most during lessons and allow for a quick data review.

  • From the teaching standpoint, the evaluation takes less time and can be graded quickly using software programmes or physical machines.
  • Since each question has a limited number of points, there is scope to ask many.
  • This means much can be covered in the paper.
  • From the student’s perspective, with the information available, they need to make a reasoned choice.

However, they also need to aware of possible incorrect answers and eliminate those. Repeated tests in short bursts can help improve memory, build long-term retention, and enhance retention. The common belief that MCQs are easy is not correct. Often the options are deliberately tweaked to make it appear as it all are correct.

There is thus no room to bluff. While MCQs have their benefits, issues arise due to the way the question is designed. The questions require considerable thought if they are to perfectly encapsulate the concepts that are being evaluated. A single incorrect or inappropriate word or example can invalidate the question.

Sometimes, in subjects like Maths, a student may come up with multiple solutions to a problem that may be not be part of the options presented. This may lead to confusion. However,MCQs have their place in the exam system and can help students and teachers if used intelligently.
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What is the need of value?

What is the importance of value education? – In today’s world, where moral crises are replete across the globe, the need for value-based learning is slowly gaining recognition. Value education is now seen as a discipline that must be inherent in traditional systems. Here are some points highlighting the importance of value education in the global training system –

Value education plays an important role in helping you make the right decisions in difficult situations by weighing the different influencing factors. Therefore, such training can significantly improve your decision-making abilities. The importance of values helps in overall character and personality development. Value training is an excellent way to improve mental & emotional strength. This allows you to realize and work through your emotions and thought processes in healthy and acceptable ways. Through this excellent tool, you gain the skill of empathy. Empathy involves putting yourself in other people’s shoes (cognitively & emotionally). Empathy is a remarkable skill that can improve your overall ability to resolve conflicts and understand other opinions. With age, the number of responsibilities you handle will significantly increase. One of the core skills taught by education is knowing how to manage all your responsibilities efficiently. Finally, the importance of value education is emphasized with the concept of democratic thinking and applying the same practically. It can shape the way you think and respond to societal influences, allowing you to be a mindful citizen of your country.

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What is the need of value education PDF?

Values education (alternatively, moral education, character education) is the attempt, within schools, to craft pedagogies and supportive structures to foster the development of positive, ethical, pro-social inclinations and competencies in youth, including around strengthening their academic focus and achievement.
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What is the need for value education in UHV?

Value education enables us to understand our needs and visualize our goals correctly and also helps to remove our confusions and contradictions and bring harmony at all levels.
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What is the need and nature of value education?

Need for Value Education –

  1. Moral awareness should be endorsed to orient the progress in science & technology towards the welfare of mankind.
  2. Common values should be re-discovered to unite human beings with the general decline of traditional values.
  3. Teachers pass values to the students both consciously and unconsciously through their conduct in and out of class rooms. Therefore the need for a consciously planned value education program is obvious to establish a formal learning.
  4. The students might face more complicated decision making situations about issues involving values. They should be helped in developing the ability to make proper choices in such situations through value education.
  5. Increase in Juvenile delinquency is a crisis to youth who under goes the process of personal growth. In such situation value education assumes a special significance.
  6. Value Education awakens curiosity, development of proper interests, attitudes, values and capacity to think and judge about oneself.
  7. Value Education helps in Promoting Social and Natural Integration.

Aims and Objectives of Value Education Value education should aim at the development of values of the following type.

  • Scientific temper of mind.
  • Large heartedness.
  • Co-operation.
  • Tolerance
  • Respect for the culture of other groups.

Topics: « » : Importance and Need of Value Education – GKToday
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What is the MCQ answer?

A multiple-choice question (MCQ) is composed of two parts: a stem that identifies the question or problem, and a set of alternatives or possible answers that contain a key that is the best answer to the question, and a number of distractors that are plausible but incorrect answers to the question.

  • Students respond to MCQs by indicating the alternative that they believe best answers or completes the stem.
  • There are many advantages to using MCQs for assessment.
  • One key advantage is that the questions are easy to mark and can even be scored by a computer, which makes them an attractive assessment approach for large classes.

Well designed MCQs allow testing for a wide breadth of content and objectives and provide an objective measurement of student ability. The following suggestions for designing MCQs are organized into three sections: 1) general strategies, 2) designing stems, and 3) designing alternatives.
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Which is correct MCQ?

A multiple choice question, with days of the week as potential answers Multiple choice ( MC ), objective response or MCQ (for multiple choice question ) is a form of an objective assessment in which respondents are asked to select only correct answers from the choices offered as a list.

The multiple choice format is most frequently used in educational testing, in market research, and in elections, when a person chooses between multiple candidates, parties, or policies. Although E.L. Thorndike developed an early scientific approach to testing students, it was his assistant Benjamin D.

Wood who developed the multiple-choice test. Multiple-choice testing increased in popularity in the mid-20th century when scanners and data-processing machines were developed to check the result. Christopher P. Sole created the first multiple-choice examination for computers on a Sharp Mz 80 computer in 1982.
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Why do we need question answer?

Why is Asking and Answering Questions Important? Answering and asking questions is an important part of learning. We ask questions in order to learn more information about something, and we answer questions to provide more information. Asking and answering questions is not only a part of how we learn, but it is also a part of our social skills; we ask and answer questions to be polite and build and maintain relationships.

Types of questions we ask and answer include “who”, “what”, “where”, “when”, and “why”. Answering questions involves having a child hear the question, think about the meaning of the question, understand the meaning of the question, form an answer, and speak the answer that they formed. Asking questions involves thinking about what you want ask, forming the question in your mind, and then producing the question that you want to ask.

For children with speech and language delays, asking and answering questions can be a challenge. This challenge in asking and answering questions may affect their ability to learn and their ability to develop and build relationships. Believe it or not some questions are easier to ask/answer than others. · Between 12-24 months, a child should be able to answer basic “What’s this?” questions about familiar objects, answer basic “where” questions by pointing, answer basic yes/no question by shaking their head or nodding, and use a rising pitch in their voice to indicate that they are asking a question (e.g., Daddy? to ask “Where is daddy?”) · Between 24-36 months, a child should point to objects being described (e.g., “Where do you wear a hat” and the child points to their head), answer longer “Where”, “Whatdoing”, and “Who is” questions, understand “Can you” questions, ask questions to get their basic wants/needs met (e.g., “where cup?”), and ask one-word “why?” questions · Between 36-48 months, a child should answer more complex questions, answer questions about object functions (e.g., what do you do with a spoon), and answer “ifwhat” questions (e.g., if you get sick, what would you do?) If you find that your child is having difficulty asking/answering questions determine the type of question(s) that is the most problematic.

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· “what” means we are talking about a thing, such as the dog, the house, a cracker, etc. · “who” means we are talking about a person, like mommy and daddy, grandma/grandpa, etc. · “where” means we are talking about a place or location, such as the park, our house, or in the kitchen. · “when” means a time, such as daytime/nighttime, breakfast, summer, yesterday, or even a month like December · “why” means a reason, such as I fell down because I tripped on a rock. Once you have talked about the type of question that is troublesome, use games and activities involving questions to teach your child about asking/answering questions while having fun at the same time. Games and activities could include, but are not limited to: What Is The Need For Value Education Mcq · “Wh” Bingo · I Spy · Asking questions while reading a book

· Asking questions while playing with toys (e.g., Where is the cow? What animal is this?) · Headbanz Game If your child is still struggling to ask/answer questions or other speech and language skills, it is recommended to seek out a Speech and Language evaluation from your local Speech Therapist to determine if your child would qualify from services to improve these skills.
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What are types of value education?

Values Education Values Education is an essential element of whole-person education which aims at fostering students’ positive values and attitudes through the learning and teaching of various Key Learning Areas/subjects and the provision of relevant learning experiences.

  1. On this ground, it is to develop students’ ability to identify the values embedded, analyse objectively and make reasonable judgement in different issues they may encounter at different developmental stages so that they could take proper action to deal with the challenges in their future life.
  2. Schools could promote Values Education through nurturing in their students the ten priority values and attitudes: “Perseverance”, “Respect for Others”, “Responsibility”, “National Identity”, “Commitment”, “Integrity”, “Care for Others”, “Law-abidingness”, “Empathy” and “Diligence”(Newly added in November 2021).

Taking cultivation of positive values and attitudes as the direction, schools should make use of everyday life events to strengthen the coordination of learning activities, and enhance the connection, among various cross-curricular domains in values education, including moral education, civic education, national education (including Constitution, Basic Law and national security education), anti-drug education, life education, sex education, media and information literacy education, education for sustainable development, human rights education under the legal framework, etc.
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What are the main values of education?

The core of teaching consists of four basic values: dignity, truthfulness, fairness and responsibility & freedom. All teaching is founded on ethics – whether it be the teacher-student relationship, pluralism or a teacher’s relationship with their work.

  • Dignity means respect for humanity.
  • Teachers must respect every person, regardless of gender, sexual orientation, gender diversity, appearance, age, religion, social standing, origin, opinions, abilities and achievements.
  • Truthfulness is one of the core values in teachers’ basic task, which involves steering learners in navigating life and their environment.

Honesty with oneself and others and mutual respect in all communication is a basic aspect of teachers’ work. Fairness is important both when encountering individual learners and groups but also in the work community. Fairness involves in particular promoting equality and non-discrimination and avoiding favouritism.
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What is value education short note?

Value Education is a process of increasing the overall character of a student, it also includes character development, personality development and spiritual development, it develops a sensible person with strong character and values. It is an action that can take place in human society, during which the people are helped by others, who may be older.

The purpose of values-based education is to make the student work with the right attitude and standards to face the outside world. Some people may think that personality is a natural character of a child and can never be developed; however, this is not correct. A personality development conference and a good school selection can lead to a fundamental change in a child’s character.

We had discussed what are the main objectives of value education, along with the types of value education and much more.
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What is the need of value education for family and society?

How Does Values Education Affect Our Children’s Future? – When we discuss the contribution of the family to value education, we must first understand how values education affects our children’s future. According to recent studies, children who receive values education are more likely to succeed in life than those who do not.
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What is the need for value education in technical institution?

Social values become even more important to technical students because the complete technical environment that is working with machines and computers diverts the attention of technical students from soft skills, social ethics and human values as a result problems such as self centeredness, acute competitiveness,
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How much time do you need for MCQ?

How Long Are AP Tests?

Subject Number of Questions Minutes to Complete
AP Chemistry** 60 multiple choice questions 40 multiple choice questions & 3 free response questions 90 minutes 60 minutes 45 minutes
AP Environmental Science 80 multiple choice questions 3 free response questions 90 minutes 70 minutes

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What is the mission of MCQ?

MCQ-MISSION, the total IT Solution – The purpose of MCQ-MISSION is to explore questions and its answer with solution on Computer Science, evaluates the knowledge base of specially Computer Science students on various subjects of Computer Science and their chapters!
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What are the human needs MCQ?

Maslows Humanistic Theory MCQ – Objective Question Answer for Maslows Humanistic Theory Quiz – Download Now! According to Abraham H. Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs, which need is on the bottom among the following needs?

  1. Physiological needs
  2. Safety needs
  3. Belongingness needs
  4. Esteem needs

Option 1 : Physiological needs Abraham Maslow is a humanist psychologist who gave the theory of Hierarchy of Needs which specifies the preference of different needs in the lifetime of an individual. Key Points

  • Maslow’s hierarchy of needs is a theory of motivation that describes five categories of human needs that induces motivation. The needs according to Maslow are :
    • Physiological needs – are the primary needs that include the bodily needs that are necessary for the survival of an individual. It includes the need for food, water, and air.
    • Safety needs – are the needs for safety and security such as safety against accidents and injury.
    • Belongingness needs – It involves forming relationships and the feeling of belongingness. It is the formation of friends and family trust, acceptance, receiving and giving affection, and love.
    • Esteem needs- It includes a feeling of self-worth, accomplishment, and the desire for respect and recognition.
    • Self-actualization needs – It is the highest level of need and refers to the realization of realizing potential, and determining life’s meaning and purpose.

So, we can conclude that physiological needs are at the bottom of Abraham H. Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs. Option 1 is the correct answer. India’s #1 Learning Platform Start Complete Exam Preparation Daily Live MasterClasses Practice Question Bank Mock Tests & Quizzes Trusted by 3.4 Crore+ Students

  • Rearrange Maslow’s hierarchy of needs logically:
  • a. Physiological needs
  • b. Security needs
  • c. Esteem needs
  • d. Social needs
  • e. Self actualization needs
  1. a, b, d, c, e
  2. a, d, b, c, e
  3. b, a, d, c, e
  4. b, d, a, c, e

The correct answer is a, b, d, c, e. Key Points Maslow’s hierarchy of needs theory –

  • Many times, a pyramid is used to represent Maslow’s hierarchy of requirements.
  • The most fundamental requirements are found at the base of the pyramid of wants, while the most complicated demands are found at the top.
  • People can advance to the next level of wants once their lower-level demands have been satisfied.
  • The psychological and social demands of humans increase as they go up the pyramid.

Important Points According to Maslow, some wants are more important than others and that people are motivated to fulfil them. The Five stages of Maslow’s hierarchy of needs are as follows –

  1. Physiological needs
  2. Security needs
  3. Social needs
  4. Esteem needs
  5. Self actualization needs.

​ India’s #1 Learning Platform Start Complete Exam Preparation Daily Live MasterClasses Practice Question Bank Mock Tests & Quizzes Trusted by 3.4 Crore+ Students How many motives are there in Maslow’s Theory of Motivation? Abraham Maslow developed the theory of hierarchy of needs with five motives, which suggests that individual needs exist in a hierarchy consisting of physiological needs, security needs, belongingness needs, esteem needs, and self-actualization needs, Key Points

  • Physiological needs are the most basic needs for food, water, and other factors necessary for survival.
  • Security needs include needs for safety in one’s physical environment, stability, and freedom from emotional distress.
  • Belongingness needs to relate to desires for friendship, love, and acceptance within a given community of individuals.
  • Esteem needs are those associated with obtaining the respect of one’s self and others.
  • Finally, self-actualization needs are those corresponding to the achievement of one’s own potential, the exercising and testing of one’s creative capacities, and, in general, becoming the best person one can possibly be.

Hence, it can be concluded that 5 motives are there in Maslow’s Theory of Motivation. India’s #1 Learning Platform Start Complete Exam Preparation Daily Live MasterClasses Practice Question Bank Mock Tests & Quizzes Trusted by 3.4 Crore+ Students D-needs and B-needs come under whose proposition? Abraham Maslow, an American psychologist, was basically a ‘Humanist’ and he has propounded the Humanistic Theory of Motivation, Key Points

  • Maslow sees human needs in the form of a hierarchy, starting in ascending order from the lowest to the highest needs and concludes that when one set of needs are satisfied then the need for another set arises.
  • Maslow believed that these needs are similar to instincts and play a major role in motivating behavior.
  • Physiological, security, social, and esteem needs are deficiency needs (also known as D-needs ), meaning that these needs arise due to deprivation. Satisfying these lower-level needs is important in order to avoid unpleasant feelings or consequences.
  • Maslow termed the highest level of the pyramid as growth needs (also known as being needs or B-needs ).
  • Growth needs do not stem from a lack of something, but rather from a desire to grow as a person.
  1. Hence, it could be concluded that D-needs and B-needs come under Maslow’s proposition.
  2. Additional Information
  3. Five Levels of Maslow’s “Hierarchy of Needs”:
  • Physiological Needs: These needs are related to the survival and maintenance of human life. It includes such things as food, clothing, shelter, air, water, and other basic necessities of life.
  • Safety Needs: After satisfying the physiological needs, people want the assurance of maintaining a given economic level. It includes job security personal security, the security of the income, provision for old age, etc.
  • Love / belonging Needs: We are interested in conversation, social interaction, exchange of feelings, companionship, recognition, belongingness, etc.
  • Esteem Needs: People are able to satisfy their need to belong, they tend to want to be held in esteem both by themselves and by others.
  • Self-actualization Needs: It is the final step under the need hierarchy. It is the desire to become what one is capable of becoming to maximize one’s potential and to accomplish something.
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India’s #1 Learning Platform Start Complete Exam Preparation Daily Live MasterClasses Practice Question Bank Mock Tests & Quizzes Trusted by 3.4 Crore+ Students Second stage of Maslow’s Hierarchial need is

  1. love and belonging needs
  2. safety needs
  3. esteem needs
  4. physiological needs

Abraham Maslow is well renowned for proposing the Hierarchy of Needs Theory in 1943. This theory is a classical depiction of human motivation. This theory is based on the assumption that there is a hierarchy of five needs within each individual. The urgency of these needs varies.

This theory tells the proper study of the needs of the person.

Key Points Five steps of Maslow’s theory.

  • Physical need, According to this people want to fulfill their physical needs.
  • Safety requirement: When first need to get completed then we think about our future and want some safety requirements.
  • Love and belongings: when we got two requirements then we think about love and we create a family.
  • Maslow considered psychological needs safety needs and belongingness needs as Deficiency needs.
  • Self-respect: When people got love then they think about self-respect to live a respectful life in our society.
  • Self-actualization: This is the last need according to Maslow in this people got Self actuation.
  • Maslow’s theory is called the theory of Maslow’s need.

Thus we can say that the Second stage of Maslow’s Hierarchical needs is safety needs. Additional Information

  • Abraham Maslow was from America.
  • He was Born: on April 1, 1908, in Brooklyn.
  • He died in 1970.

India’s #1 Learning Platform Start Complete Exam Preparation Daily Live MasterClasses Practice Question Bank Mock Tests & Quizzes Trusted by 3.4 Crore+ Students According to Abraham H. Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs, which need is on the bottom among the following needs?

  1. Physiological needs
  2. Safety needs
  3. Belongingness needs
  4. Esteem needs

Option 1 : Physiological needs Abraham Maslow is a humanist psychologist who gave the theory of Hierarchy of Needs which specifies the preference of different needs in the lifetime of an individual. Key Points

  • Maslow’s hierarchy of needs is a theory of motivation that describes five categories of human needs that induces motivation. The needs according to Maslow are :
    • Physiological needs – are the primary needs that include the bodily needs that are necessary for the survival of an individual. It includes the need for food, water, and air.
    • Safety needs – are the needs for safety and security such as safety against accidents and injury.
    • Belongingness needs – It involves forming relationships and the feeling of belongingness. It is the formation of friends and family trust, acceptance, receiving and giving affection, and love.
    • Esteem needs- It includes a feeling of self-worth, accomplishment, and the desire for respect and recognition.
    • Self-actualization needs – It is the highest level of need and refers to the realization of realizing potential, and determining life’s meaning and purpose.

So, we can conclude that physiological needs are at the bottom of Abraham H. Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs. Option 1 is the correct answer. India’s #1 Learning Platform Start Complete Exam Preparation Daily Live MasterClasses Practice Question Bank Mock Tests & Quizzes Trusted by 3.4 Crore+ Students Second stage of Maslow’s Hierarchial need is

  1. love and belonging needs
  2. safety needs
  3. esteem needs
  4. physiological needs

Abraham Maslow is well renowned for proposing the Hierarchy of Needs Theory in 1943. This theory is a classical depiction of human motivation. This theory is based on the assumption that there is a hierarchy of five needs within each individual. The urgency of these needs varies.

This theory tells the proper study of the needs of the person.

Key Points Five steps of Maslow’s theory.

  • Physical need, According to this people want to fulfill their physical needs.
  • Safety requirement: When first need to get completed then we think about our future and want some safety requirements.
  • Love and belongings: when we got two requirements then we think about love and we create a family.
  • Maslow considered psychological needs safety needs and belongingness needs as Deficiency needs.
  • Self-respect: When people got love then they think about self-respect to live a respectful life in our society.
  • Self-actualization: This is the last need according to Maslow in this people got Self actuation.
  • Maslow’s theory is called the theory of Maslow’s need.

Thus we can say that the Second stage of Maslow’s Hierarchical needs is safety needs. Additional Information

  • Abraham Maslow was from America.
  • He was Born: on April 1, 1908, in Brooklyn.
  • He died in 1970.

India’s #1 Learning Platform Start Complete Exam Preparation Daily Live MasterClasses Practice Question Bank Mock Tests & Quizzes Trusted by 3.4 Crore+ Students Maslow considered physiological needs, safety needs and belongingness needs as

  1. Esteem needs
  2. Growth needs
  3. Aesthetic needs
  4. Deficiency needs

Option 4 : Deficiency needs Abraha m Maslow is well renowned for proposing the Hierarchy of Needs Theory in 1943. This theory is a classical depiction of human motivation. This theory is based on the assumption that there is a hierarchy of five needs within each individual. The urgency of these needs varies.

This theory tells the proper study of the needs of the person.

Key Points There are some important points related to Maslow’s theory that is given below. Five steps of Maslow’s theory.

  • Physical need, According to this people want to fulfill their physical needs.
  • Safety requirement: When first need to get completed then we think about our future and want some safety requirements.
  • Love and belongings: when we got two requirements then we think about love and we create a family.
  • Maslow considered psychological needs safety needs and belongingness needs as Deficiency needs.
  • Self-respect: When people got love then they think about self-respect to live a respectful life in our society.
  • Self-actulization: This is the last need according to Maslow in this people got Self actuation.
  • Maslow’s theory is called the theory of Maslow’s need.

Thus we can say that Maslow considered psychological needs safety needs and belongingness needs as Deficiency needs. Additional Information

  • Abraham Maslow was from America.
  • He was Born: on April 1, 1908, in Brooklyn.
  • He died in 1970.

India’s #1 Learning Platform Start Complete Exam Preparation Daily Live MasterClasses Practice Question Bank Mock Tests & Quizzes Trusted by 3.4 Crore+ Students Self – actualization needs are related to

  1. Theory of insightful learning
  2. Field Theory
  3. Information Processing Theory
  4. Maslow’s Humanistic Theory of learning

Option 4 : Maslow’s Humanistic Theory of learning Self-actualization:

  • Maslow has given a detailed account of psychologically healthy people in terms of their attainment of self-actualization.
  • A state in which people have reached their own fullest potential.

Key Points Maslow’s hierarchy of needs:

  • Maslow’s hierarchy of needs is also called “A Theory of Humanistic”.
  • He described our needs in increasing order.
  • Maslow’s humanistic theory of personality states that people achieve their full potential by moving from basic needs to self-actualization.
  • As a leader of humanistic psychology, Abraham Maslow approached the study of personality psychology by focusing on subjective experiences and free will.

Thus, it could be concluded that s elf – actualization needs are related to Maslow’s Humanistic theory of learning. Additional Information Insight theory:

  • The process by which the solution to a problem suddenly becomes clear.
  • In insight learning, the sudden solution is the rule.
  • Kohler demonstrated a model of learning which could not be readily explained by conditioning.
  • He performed a series of experiments with chimpanzees that involved solving complex problems.
  • Kohler placed chimpanzees in an enclosed play area where food was kept out of their reach.
  • Tools such as poles and boxes were placed in the enclosure.
  • The chimpanzees rapidly learned how to use a box to stand on or a pole to move the food in their direction.
  • In this experiment, learning did not occur as a result of trial and error and reinforcement but came about in sudden flashes of insight.
  • The chimpanzees would roam about the enclosure for some time and then suddenly would stand on a box, grab a pole and strike a banana, which was out of normal reach above the enclosure.
  • The chimpanzee exhibited what Kohler called insight learning – the process by which the solution to a problem suddenly becomes clear.

Field theory:

  • Field theory is a psychological theory.
  • It examines the pattern of interaction between the individual and the total field or environment.
  • It was developed by Kurt Lewin, a Gestalt psychologist, in 1940.

Information processing theory:

  • It is an approach to cognitive development studies.
  • That aims to explain how information is encoded into memory.
  • It is based on the idea that humans do not merely respond to stimuli from the environment.

India’s #1 Learning Platform Start Complete Exam Preparation Daily Live MasterClasses Practice Question Bank Mock Tests & Quizzes Trusted by 3.4 Crore+ Students What is meant by bodily needs?

  1. Love, Property, Friendship and Security
  2. The desire to learn something important in effective learning and learning
  3. Encouraging words from good friends and adults
  4. Good food, Water, Clean air and a Safe, Warm Place to sleep
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Option 4 : Good food, Water, Clean air and a Safe, Warm Place to sleep Bodily needs are the basic needs of the body required by a human to survive. Bodily needs are also called physical or physiological needs,

All human beings have their bodily needs like hunger, thirst, sleep, emotions, etc. and fulfiling these needs is a necessity to make sure that the body function smoothly.

Key Point

  • Maslow’s hierarchical theory of needs is a model of motivation that describes how the need of human beings affects their behaviour and becomes a driving force to satisfy them and proceed to fulfil the need of the next level.
  • The Maslow hierarchy theory has explained about 5 types of human needs in which the humans first satisfy their basic needs such as food, water, clean air, safe shelter, which are also known as psychological needs.
  • If a person wants good food, water, clean air along with a safe and warm place to sleep then it will give comfort to his body which makes it his bodily needs. It comes under the physiological needs as shown in the below diagram:
  • Thus, it is clear that option 4 is correct.
  • Additional Information
  • Maslow hierarchy of needs is a five needs model i.e., bodily needs, safety and security needs, social needs, self-esteem needs and self-actualization.
  • The second level of need is the lower level of need which is for safety and security that includes financial security, health safety, and so on. Example: Love, Property, Friendship and Security.
  • The third level of need is a social need that includes satisfying the needs of love and relationships.
  • The fourth need is self-esteem need which includes acknowledgement, self-respect. Example: encouraging words from good friends and adults.
  • The fifth need is self-actualization which satisfies the need of self that is responsible for personal and creative growth. In this stage, a person gets a realization of his full potential. Not every person is capable of reaching this stage. Example: the desire to learn something important in effective learning.

India’s #1 Learning Platform Start Complete Exam Preparation Daily Live MasterClasses Practice Question Bank Mock Tests & Quizzes Trusted by 3.4 Crore+ Students

  1. Rearrange Maslow’s hierarchy of needs logically:
  2. a. Physiological needs
  3. b. Security needs
  4. c. Esteem needs
  5. d. Social needs
  6. e. Self actualization needs
  1. a, b, d, c, e
  2. a, d, b, c, e
  3. b, a, d, c, e
  4. b, d, a, c, e

The correct answer is a, b, d, c, e. Key Points Maslow’s hierarchy of needs theory –

  • Many times, a pyramid is used to represent Maslow’s hierarchy of requirements.
  • The most fundamental requirements are found at the base of the pyramid of wants, while the most complicated demands are found at the top.
  • People can advance to the next level of wants once their lower-level demands have been satisfied.
  • The psychological and social demands of humans increase as they go up the pyramid.

Important Points According to Maslow, some wants are more important than others and that people are motivated to fulfil them. The Five stages of Maslow’s hierarchy of needs are as follows –

  1. Physiological needs
  2. Security needs
  3. Social needs
  4. Esteem needs
  5. Self actualization needs.

​ India’s #1 Learning Platform Start Complete Exam Preparation Daily Live MasterClasses Practice Question Bank Mock Tests & Quizzes Trusted by 3.4 Crore+ Students According to Abraham H. Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs, which need is on the bottom among the following needs?

  1. Physiological needs
  2. Safety needs
  3. Belongingness needs
  4. Esteem needs

Option 1 : Physiological needs Abraham Maslow is a humanist psychologist who gave the theory of Hierarchy of Needs which specifies the preference of different needs in the lifetime of an individual. Key Points

  • Maslow’s hierarchy of needs is a theory of motivation that describes five categories of human needs that induces motivation. The needs according to Maslow are :
    • Physiological needs – are the primary needs that include the bodily needs that are necessary for the survival of an individual. It includes the need for food, water, and air.
    • Safety needs – are the needs for safety and security such as safety against accidents and injury.
    • Belongingness needs – It involves forming relationships and the feeling of belongingness. It is the formation of friends and family trust, acceptance, receiving and giving affection, and love.
    • Esteem needs- It includes a feeling of self-worth, accomplishment, and the desire for respect and recognition.
    • Self-actualization needs – It is the highest level of need and refers to the realization of realizing potential, and determining life’s meaning and purpose.

So, we can conclude that physiological needs are at the bottom of Abraham H. Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs. Option 1 is the correct answer. India’s #1 Learning Platform Start Complete Exam Preparation Daily Live MasterClasses Practice Question Bank Mock Tests & Quizzes Trusted by 3.4 Crore+ Students Which among the following is a physiological need, according to Maslow?

  1. Food
  2. Sleep
  3. Water
  4. All the above

Abraham Harold Maslow was an American psychologist, who was best known for creating the Hierarchy of Needs. Key Points There is a number of theories and models of needs that have been proposed, one of them is Maslow’s hierarchy of needs. Maslow’s hierarchy of needs is a theory in psychology, proposed by Abraham Maslow.

  • Physical\ physiological Needs: These needs pertain to the basic things necessary for survival that are hunger, thirst, shelter, etc. Human beings initially try to satisfy this need and once it is fulfilled, this need ceases to satisfy them. For example:- Food, Sleep, and Water.
  • Security Needs: These needs talk about the job security or safety at the workplace that further provides a sense of psychological security to human beings. Maslow here talks about both physical and emotional safety and he opines that once the safety and security needs are ensured, they no longer motivate human beings.
  • Social Needs: These needs represent the relationships between and among groups of people working in the organization. These needs provide emotional security to the people and also a sense of belongingness and association. Man is a social animal and likes to be friendly with others and if these needs are not met, the employee becomes resistant and hostile.
  • Esteem needs:- These needs are those needs where human beings strive for power, achievement, and status. Esteem here denotes both self-esteem and esteem from others.
  • Self-actualization need:- This need represents what we are capable of becoming, which would be our greatest achievement.

Thus, it is concluded that Food, Sleep, and Water are physiological needs, according to Maslow. India’s #1 Learning Platform Start Complete Exam Preparation Daily Live MasterClasses Practice Question Bank Mock Tests & Quizzes Trusted by 3.4 Crore+ Students D-needs and B-needs come under whose proposition? Abraham Maslow, an American psychologist, was basically a ‘Humanist’ and he has propounded the Humanistic Theory of Motivation,

  • Maslow sees human needs in the form of a hierarchy, starting in ascending order from the lowest to the highest needs and concludes that when one set of needs are satisfied then the need for another set arises.
  • Maslow believed that these needs are similar to instincts and play a major role in motivating behavior.
  • Physiological, security, social, and esteem needs are deficiency needs (also known as D-needs ), meaning that these needs arise due to deprivation. Satisfying these lower-level needs is important in order to avoid unpleasant feelings or consequences.
  • Maslow termed the highest level of the pyramid as growth needs (also known as being needs or B-needs ).
  • Growth needs do not stem from a lack of something, but rather from a desire to grow as a person.
  • Hence, it could be concluded that D-needs and B-needs come under Maslow’s proposition.
  • Additional Information
  • Five Levels of Maslow’s “Hierarchy of Needs”:
  • Physiological Needs: These needs are related to the survival and maintenance of human life. It includes such things as food, clothing, shelter, air, water, and other basic necessities of life.
  • Safety Needs: After satisfying the physiological needs, people want the assurance of maintaining a given economic level. It includes job security personal security, the security of the income, provision for old age, etc.
  • Love / belonging Needs: We are interested in conversation, social interaction, exchange of feelings, companionship, recognition, belongingness, etc.
  • Esteem Needs: People are able to satisfy their need to belong, they tend to want to be held in esteem both by themselves and by others.
  • Self-actualization Needs: It is the final step under the need hierarchy. It is the desire to become what one is capable of becoming to maximize one’s potential and to accomplish something.

India’s #1 Learning Platform Start Complete Exam Preparation Daily Live MasterClasses Practice Question Bank Mock Tests & Quizzes Trusted by 3.4 Crore+ Students Second stage of Maslow’s Hierarchial need is

  1. love and belonging needs
  2. safety needs
  3. esteem needs
  4. physiological needs

Abraham Maslow is well renowned for proposing the Hierarchy of Needs Theory in 1943. This theory is a classical depiction of human motivation. This theory is based on the assumption that there is a hierarchy of five needs within each individual. The urgency of these needs varies.

This theory tells the proper study of the needs of the person.

Key Points Five steps of Maslow’s theory.

  • Physical need, According to this people want to fulfill their physical needs.
  • Safety requirement: When first need to get completed then we think about our future and want some safety requirements.
  • Love and belongings: when we got two requirements then we think about love and we create a family.
  • Maslow considered psychological needs safety needs and belongingness needs as Deficiency needs.
  • Self-respect: When people got love then they think about self-respect to live a respectful life in our society.
  • Self-actualization: This is the last need according to Maslow in this people got Self actuation.
  • Maslow’s theory is called the theory of Maslow’s need.

Thus we can say that the Second stage of Maslow’s Hierarchical needs is safety needs. Additional Information

  • Abraham Maslow was from America.
  • He was Born: on April 1, 1908, in Brooklyn.
  • He died in 1970.

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