What Is The Meaning Of Stream In Education?

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What Is The Meaning Of Stream In Education
STREAM is the acronym used to describe the integrated approach to our curriculum: S cience, T echnology, R eligion, E ngineering, A rt, and M ath. Through the STREAM approach, students are exposed to multiple content areas within a single lesson. We are not changing what we are teaching, we are changing how we are teaching it.
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What does stream stand for education?

WHAT does STREAM stand for? – STREAM stands for Science, Technology, Religion, Engineering, Arts and Mathematics.
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What are the 3 types of streams?

One method of classifying streams is through physical, hydrological, and biological characteristics. Using these features, streams can fall into one of three types: perennial, intermittent, and ephemeral.
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What is the full meaning of stream?

ˈstrēm. : a body of running water (such as a river or creek) flowing on the earth. also : any body of flowing fluid (such as water or gas) : a steady succession (as of words or events)
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What is a stream in high school?

Setting and streaming ‘ Setting’ or ​ ‘ streaming’ refer to a variety of approaches by which students with similar levels of current achievement are consistently grouped together for lessons.

‘ Setting’ usually involves grouping students in a given year group into classes for specific subjects, such as mathematics and English, but not across the whole curriculum. ‘ Streaming’ (also known as ​ ‘ tracking’ in some countries) usually involves grouping students into classes for all or most of their lessons, so that a student is in the same group regardless of the subject being taught.

Students in different sets or streams sometimes follow a different curriculum, particularly when different national tests, different examination levels or different types of academic and vocational qualifications are available. The aim of setting and streaming approaches is to enable more effective and efficient teaching by narrowing the range of student achievement in a class.

Although these practices are sometimes described as ​ ‘ ability grouping’, we refer here to ​ ‘ achievement’ rather than ​ ‘ ability’, as schools generally use measures of current performance, rather than measures of ability, to group students. Setting and streaming are combined in this Toolkit entry because these practices are similar in that they separate students into whole classes of similar levels of achievement.

For evidence on the impact of grouping students by achievement within classes, see, Other types of achievement grouping, such as grouping by achievement across year groups, and teaching high achieving students with older year groups, are not covered in the Toolkit as they are less commonly used.

  1. In Australia, there is a strong culture of setting and streaming in schools, even though it has not been adequately shown to considerably improve student achievement, and some research suggests it can actually be detrimental.1.
  2. The impact of setting and streaming is 0 months progress, on average, with lower impacts for lower achieving students.

The evidence around setting and streaming is limited. Schools may consider other approaches to targeting learning effectively for students (e.g. or ).2. If schools choose to use setting and streaming it is vital to consider how the approach will enables more effective teaching for all students, including lower achieving students.

For example, carefully considering how to allocate teachers appropriately to different sets.3. It is important to ensure that all students follow a challenging curriculum, including lower achieving students. Ensuring flexibility in grouping arrangements, and regular monitoring of learning will minimise the risk of misallocation for students that learn at different rates.4.

Making informed choices about the allocation of students to groups is important. For example, there is some evidence of students being disadvantaged by their relative age within a year group or through subsconscious bias on the basis of race or class.

On average, students experiencing setting or streaming make similar progress to students taught in mixed achievement classes. The evidence suggests that setting and streaming has a small negative impact on lower achieving students, and a small positive impact for higher achieving students. There are exceptions to this pattern, with some variation between studies.

Overall, the effects are negligible, and it appears that setting or streaming is not an effective way to raise achievement for most students. Setting or streaming may also have an impact on wider outcomes such as confidence. Some studies from the broader evidence base conclude that grouping students on the basis of achievement may have longer term negative effects on the attitudes and engagement of lower achieving students, for example, by discouraging the belief that their achievement can be improved through effort.

  • One of the challenges of achievement grouping is ensuring that students are correctly allocated to groups.
  • Some studies from the UK suggest that misallocation is a particular problem for students from disadvantaged backgrounds, who are at greater risk of misallocation to lower achieving groups, and the negative impact which can accompany this.

In Australia, there is a strong culture of setting and streaming in schools, even though it has not been adequately shown to considerably improve student achievement, and some research suggests it can actually be detrimental. In Australian schools, the most common practice is setting – commonly in literacy and numeracy classes – without explicit targeting and rearranging.

Similar effects have been found for both primary and secondary age students. The impact appears similar for reading, mathematics and science. In some development contexts the approach Teaching at the right level (TaRL) has become popular, which has some crossover with setting or streaming. The outcomes of these studies tend to be higher than the overall average. This might be explained by the greater variation in student scores in these contexts and by the other elements of the TaRL program.

Evidence suggests that disadvantaged students may suffer from lower teacher expectations which increases their chances of being placed in lower sets or streams. Students in lower sets and streams are more likely to be taught by less experienced and qualified teachers, and often develop a lack of confidence in their own capabilities.

  1. Setting or streaming may construct negative self-fulling prophecies for disadvantaged students, whereby their chances of improving and experiencing success is hampered by the combination of lower teacher expectations and between class stratification.
  2. There is also some evidence that students from disadvantaged backgrounds are more likely to be misallocated to lower sets.

Setting and streaming aims to improve student outcomes by ensuring that class content is well-targeted to student needs, and that students in lower achieving groups get appropriate support. Given the weakness of the evidence base, strong implementation will consider how to mitigate the potential risks of setting and streaming for lower achieving students, it might include:

Careful consideration of teacher allocation between sets to ensure that lower achieving students receive high quality teaching.The use of continued monitoring to ensure that students are in appropriate sets and are not misallocated.Flexible practices that allow students to move between sets.

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Approaches to setting and streaming are typically delivered over the course of an academic year, with grouping often being informed by students’ outcomes from the previous school year. Some schools may however move students between sets or streams during the school year.

  1. Moving either from mixed achievement grouping to setting and streaming or in the other direction is a substantial change that will need a careful implementation process.
  2. When introducing new approaches, schools should consider implementation.
  3. For more information see,
  4. Grouping by achievement is an organisational strategy which has few, if any, financial costs associated with it.

Additional resources may be needed to support different groups. Overall the costs are estimated as very low. The security of the evidence around setting and streaming is rated as very limited.58 studies were identified that meet the inclusion criteria for the Toolkit.

A small percentage of studies that have taken place recently. This might mean that the research is not representative of current practice.A large percentage of the studies are not randomised controlled trials. While other study designs still give important information about effectiveness of approaches, there is a risk that results are influenced by unknown factors that are not part of the intervention.

As with any evidence review, the Toolkit summarises the average impact of approaches when researched in academic studies. It is important to consider your context and apply your professional judgement when implementing an approach in your setting. Review last updated July 2021 : Setting and streaming
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What is STREAM in class 11?

Most state boards and CBSE offer three stream options that determine which subjects you will study in 11th and 12th grade: –

  1. Science
  2. Commerce
  3. Arts/Humanities

Science – Different combinations of this stream are Physics, Chemistry, Maths(PCM) /Physics, Chemistry, Biology (PCB)/ Physics, Chemistry, Maths, Biology (PCMB). After studying science in grades 11 and 12, you can become an engineer, doctor, scientist, microbiologist, and many other professions. Recommended Read: What are the Subjects in Science Stream in Class 11? Commerce: Business Studies, Accountancy, Economics, Maths, and more disciplines are available in this stream. After studying commerce, you can work as a Chartered Accountant, Investment Banker, Economist, Marketing Manager, and many other jobs. Arts/humanities: History, Geography, Psychology, Political Science, Sociology, and other courses are available in this stream.

After studying these subjects, you might become a lawyer, a psychologist, a historian, a journalist, and so on. CBSE Board: According to CBSE’s official system, class 11 and 12 is integrated programme in which students can choose from a maximum of 9 topics and a minimum of 5. Students can choose any combination of one language and four electives as long as they are offered at the institution.

IGCSE Board: If you are enrolled in an IGCSE school, you must choose a minimum of five topics to be eligible to take the class 11 exams. CISCE Board: CISCE (ICSE exams for class 10 and ISC exams for class 12) generally requires candidates to select their subjects in class 9 as a foundation for classes 11 and 12.

  • In class 11, you can pick from five elective subjects in addition to English.
  • Visit Page For Career Guide: GET THE RIGHT GUIDANCE State Boards – These boards provide pre-university education to state schools and colleges (PUC).
  • This is a two-year board exam system in which state education administers board exams to students in grades 10 and 12.

Math, physics, history, geography, economics, and other subjects are taught by state boards in the same way that they are taught by CBSE. Students must select four subjects and two languages. The sole distinction is the option of the first language, which varies by state and is usually the state’s primary language with English as a second language.
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What is meant by STREAM in application form?

Like progressive downloads in video or audio, application streaming is completely transparent to the end user. The server sends the client enough information to launch the application (usually as little as 10% of the application) and then streams the rest to the client in the background while the end user is working.
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What are the streams in school?

Which Stream to Select After CBSE Class X? – The broad three streams after class X for students to select are- Science, Commerce and Humanities/Arts. These three streams are broadly categorized as per their course structure and subjects. Given below is the information that every Class X student must read and consider while deciding which stream to choose after 10th.

Science Stream: This field is related to Medical studies and Engineering, with subjects like Physics, Chemistry and Biology. Commerce Stream : This stream is related to trade, commerce, business, and financial marketing. If you have strong Mathematics and financial abilities, Commerce is best for you. Humanities/Arts Stream : This stream is the widest of all, and is related to education in subjects like History, Geography, Political Science, Psychology, Sociology, languages, Anthropology, Human Resources, Journalism etc. Vocational Stream – Studying professional courses such as Fashion Designing, Nursing are included in this stream.

Below are the details, advantages of each stream and the educational prospects of each stream, which answers the question of which stream to select after CBSE Class 10 in a simplified way.
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Why is it called a stream?

Etymology – The term “streaming” was first used for tape drives manufactured by Data Electronics Inc. that were meant to slowly ramp up and run for the entire track; slower ramp times lowered drive costs. “Streaming” was applied in the early 1990s as a better description for video on demand and later live video on IP networks.
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Does stream mean subject?

A stream is a series of area-specific courses that you take as part of your degree. It allows you to specialize in a particular field of study.
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What is the another name for stream?

OTHER WORDS FOR stream 1 rill, run, streamlet, runnel.2 flow, tide.6 torrent, rush.
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What are the types of stream classes?

Java performs I/O operations through an abstraction called a stream, There are two basic types of stream defined by Java, called byte stream and character stream, The byte stream classes provide a convenient means for handling input and output of bytes and character streams provide a convenient means for handling input and output of characters, respectively.
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Which stream is best in high school?

What streams are we talking about here? – There are three streams of study that a student can choose from after getting through Grade X. A child has to choose one of these streams, one that will help them in their future studies. The three streams are explained in detail below:

Arts Stream : First of all, let us be clear that the Arts Stream, also known as Humanities Stream, is not designed for academically dull students. The Arts stream comprises of subjects that are rich in parts related to humanities, literature, performing and visual arts, etc. and is very challenging. This stream consists of far more subject choices than the other two streams. Some of the subjects that are listed under the Arts stream are – English, History, Geography, Literature Subjects, Music, Psychology, Public Administration, Sociology, etc. The career horizon for those who belong to this stream of study is limitless. Students can choose from a range of career options such as teaching, social work, law, politics, business, television, journalism, etc.

Commerce Stream : Being misjudged again, the Commerce Stream opens a plethora of options for the students. Commerce is the right stream for you if you take a fancy to dealing with and analyzing huge chunks of data, are good with numbers, and are interested in the study of finance and economics. Some of the subjects that are a part of the Commerce stream are – Accountancy, Banking, Business Studies, Economics, Income Tax Law and Practice, Mathematics, Statistics, etc. Some of the career options for those who belong to the Commerce stream of study are: Banking, Chartered Accountant, Company Secretary, Businessman, Teacher, Professor, Finance Officer, Accountant, Auditor, Administrator, App, and Software Developer, etc.

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Science Stream : The most popular choice, the Science stream is best suited for students who want to opt for careers or courses on pure and applied sciences. The science stream comprises of two important groups- the Biology group and the Mathematics group. The Biology group includes Biology, Chemistry, and Physics as the main subjects; the Mathematics group includes Chemistry, Mathematics, and Physics as the main subjects. Some of the career options for those who belong to the Science stream are Medicine, Engineering, Architecture, Forensic Science, Pharmacology, Biotechnology, etc.

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What is a stream grade?

A stream is said to be at grade when it is neither eroding nor depositing material at any point along its course. In this condition, the thalweg (q.v.) or longitudinal profile consists of a continuous concave curve or curves just steep enough to transport all the load from one end to the other.

The steepest slopes are near the headwaters and the most gentle slopes close to the base level (q.v.). The curves vary from stream to stream but always show the same general form in well-established streams. A smooth concave profile, flattening downstream, is usually taken therefore to be typical of a graded stream,

In fairly homogeneous rocks, this grading, called stream gradation, is achieved when approximately 25% of the mass of the basin has been eroded ( Schumm, 1956 ), and thereafter the form of the valley will remain graded as erosion proceeds to completion.
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What is 10th stream called?

What are the Three Main Streams after 10th? – Once you have completed the 10th standard, you reach the beginning of your career path. There are three streams after 10th, i.e. Science, Commerce and Arts. These streams are vast and extensive worlds with wide-ranging sub-disciplines and branches that you can further explore after concluding your schooling.
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How many subjects are in a stream?

Choosing a stream in class 11- Know the available streams – CBSE or most state boards offer 3 stream options that determine the subjects you will study in your class 11th and 12th:

  1. Science
  2. Commerce
  3. Arts/Humanities

Science – Different combinations of this stream are Physics, Chemistry, Maths (PCM) /Physics, Chemistry, Biology (PCB)/ Physics, Chemistry, Maths, Biology (PCMB). You can become an Engineer, Doctor, Scientist, Microbiologist, Physicist, and much more after studying science in classes 11 &12.

Also read: Courses after 12th Science Commerce : This stream offers subjects like Business Studies, Accountancy, Economics, Maths, etc. You can become a Chartered Accountant, Investment Banker, Economist, Marketing Manager, and much more after studying commerce. Also read: Courses after 12th Commerce Arts / Humanities: This stream offers subjects like History, Geography, Psychology, Political Science, Sociology, etc.

You can become a Lawyer, Psychologist, Historian, Journalist, and so on, after studying these subjects. Also read: Courses after 12th Arts

  • CBSE Board: As per the official scheme of CBSE, class 11 & 12 is an integrated course, students are allowed to pick up a maximum of 9 subjects and a minimum of 5 subjects. The students can choose one language and four electives in any combination provided it is being taught in the school. You can check out the combination of subjects offered in different streams on www.cbseacademic.nic.in.
  • IGCSE Board: If you are studying in the IGCSE schools, you have to choose a minimum of 5 subjects to qualify for taking the exams in class 11. You can check out the combination of subjects offered in class 11 on www.cambridgeinternational.org.
  • CISCE Board: CISCE(ICSE exams for class 10 & ISC exam for class 12) usually asks students to choose their subjects in class 9 as a base preparation for classes 11 & 12. You can choose 5 elective subjects in addition to English in class 11. You can check out more information on stream selection on cisce.org
  • State Boards – These boards offer curriculum to state schools and colleges with pre-university courses(PUC). This is a 2 year board exam system where state education conducts board exams for classes 10 & 12. State boards offer the same subjects as CBSE like maths, science, history, geography, economics etc. Students have to choose 4 subjects and 2 languages. The only difference is the choice of first language which is different in each state and is usually the local language of the state along with English as a second language.

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What should we write in stream?

Home QnA Home What to fill in 10th std equivalent = degree/stream/subject column in Xat form?

Answers (6) While Filling XAT 2021 application form, candidates need to mention the name of subjects, which they have studies in class 10th, Such as 1. English 2. Hindi 3. Maths 4. Sanskrit 5. Social Science (History, Geography, Civics) 6. Natural Science (Physics, Chemistry, Biology) etc Or any other subject which they have studies in 10th standard, they have to mention filling XAT 2021 application form, Reply Question cannot be greater than characters 0 / 3000 Fill up your 10th percentage or Gpa or Spi whatever is in your official marksheet. If asked or provided options, upload the different possible types of subjects with grades. And Stream like Science/ General or anything that you took as an option.

  • Comments (0) Question cannot be greater than 3000 characters 0 / 3000 Hello, Equivalent degree will be SSC (Senior Secondary School) Stream can be NA because class 10th has no differentiation in CBSE and ICSE boards.
  • If you are from some other board and it has some specified stream, do mention that.
  • In the Subjects column, fill the subjects that you had in your 10th standard.

For any other specific query please tell us what specifically the form has been showing or giving as options because there might be changes in forms every year and to solve your specific query, we need to know what options the form provides. All the best!! Comments (1) Comment cannot be greater than characters 0 / 3000 Degree for 10th class is SSC but what is field of study for 10th class???.as well as degree for 12th class is HSC but what is field of study for 12th class??? Reply Question cannot be greater than characters 0 / 3000 Hello Arun You have to select option as subjects in the 10th Std equivalent. Where you have given a drop down box to select your subjects such Science, social science, Mathematics and languages etc. Reply Question cannot be greater than characters 0 / 3000 Enter your class 10th 12th degree percentage or Cgpa whichever is applicable for you. In stream enter whether it is Science/commerce/ something else. If its asked in degree then Write your degree specialisation like B.e.

  1. Mechanical etc.
  2. Comments (0) Question cannot be greater than 3000 characters 0 / 3000 You have to simply enter educational qualification starting from Class X till the highest degree received.
  3. In subjects you will have to mention your all subjects, your stream whether arts, commerce or science and degree as in 10th/12th etc.

You can check the complete XAT application process here step by step. XAT application process Good Luck. Comments (1) Comment cannot be greater than characters 0 / 3000 When I’m going apply for the Indian Navy tradesman mate post,they are asking subject\stream\trade,in that what I have fill I can’t understand,so please help me Reply Question cannot be greater than characters 0 / 3000
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What are the streams after 10th?

Which Stream to Select After CBSE Class X? – The broad three streams after class X for students to select are- Science, Commerce and Humanities/Arts. These three streams are broadly categorized as per their course structure and subjects. Given below is the information that every Class X student must read and consider while deciding which stream to choose after 10th.

Science Stream: This field is related to Medical studies and Engineering, with subjects like Physics, Chemistry and Biology. Commerce Stream : This stream is related to trade, commerce, business, and financial marketing. If you have strong Mathematics and financial abilities, Commerce is best for you. Humanities/Arts Stream : This stream is the widest of all, and is related to education in subjects like History, Geography, Political Science, Psychology, Sociology, languages, Anthropology, Human Resources, Journalism etc. Vocational Stream – Studying professional courses such as Fashion Designing, Nursing are included in this stream.

Below are the details, advantages of each stream and the educational prospects of each stream, which answers the question of which stream to select after CBSE Class 10 in a simplified way.
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What is class and STREAM?

The Stream Class The Stream class defines objects which accepts a sequence of characters. Streams may also have an output in which case multiple stream objects can be cascaded to build a stream pipe where the output of a stream is directed into the input of the next stream object “down the line”.

  1. Of course, one of the main features of streams is that they can perform a data conversion on the data before piping it to the output.
  2. As multiple streams may be cascaded, the complete data conversion is then the sum of each individual data conversion performed by the stream objects being part of the stream pipe.

It is not required that a stream has a target, it might as well be a black hole that just accepts data without ever giving it out again. The generic stream class is subclassed multiple places in the Library and a good example is the structured stream definition which creates a SGML object. Adding and Deleting Format Converters Henrik Frystyk Nielsen, [email protected], @(#) $Id: Streams.html,v 1.15 1998/05/01 21:24:20 frystyk Exp $
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What are the three streams of education?

A Guide on Picking the Right Stream After Grade 10th Riya Sree Kaishyap 2 years ago Successful completion of the Grade X Board examination is among the first important milestones in a person’s life. After successfully taking the Grade X Board examination, students need to choose their future course of education by deciding which stream to follow in Grade XI – Science, Commerce, or Humanities.

This is an important decision as it affects their future course. Generally, students pick a course of their parents’ choice or they go with the one taken by most of their peers. This happens because students are not aware of their own choices. Before selecting a stream, one needs to look at some important factors to arrive at the right choice.

So, why picking the right stream after Grade X is so important? A child grows up to be the future of a society, the future of a nation. Hence, it becomes very important to mould and guide a child in the right way. The responsibility is shared between the school and the parents.

Both need to partner to show the right path to the student, keeping his best interest in mind. While the school and the mentors specialize in evaluating the academic potential and inclination of the student, the parents have a huge role to play by acknowledging the efforts of the child. They must provide an environment that is conducive to learning and is free of any form of stress to follow a certain pre-decided path.

NEP 2020 has opened a whole new set of options to the students. Doing away with rigid streamlining of subjects for higher studies in school will enable the students to choose subject combinations of their choice. Interest will now supersede outdated career choices.
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What are the three streams of school?

| Grade FET Phase, 10, 11, 12 | Grade FET Phase, 10, 11, 12 Electrical Mechanic Fitter | Grade FET Phase, 10, 11, 12 Engineering Production Systems Worker | Grade FET Phase, 10, 11, 12 | Grade FET Phase, 10, 11, 12 | Grade FET Phase, 10, 11, 12 Automotive Motor Mechanic | Grade FET Phase, 10, 11, 12 | Grade FET Phase, 10, 11, 12 | Grade FET Phase, 10, 11, 12 | Grade FET Phase, 10, 11, 12 | Grade FET Phase, 10, 11, 12 | Grade FET Phase, 10, 11, 12 | Grade FET Phase, 10, 11, 12 View More Strategic Objective The Strategic Objective of the Three Stream Model is to increase the model, quality and type of access to quality education through increasing learner access to Technical, Vocational and Skills (TVS) subjects and schools.

The contemporary world of work requires a combination of socio-emotional skills, workplace readiness, technical and vocational skills, and entrepreneurship skills. In the 2019-2024 term, the development of these skills and competencies will be achieved through the expansion of curriculum options (technical, agricultural, and vocational skills subjects and schools of skills).

Background The Department of Basic Education (DBE) is in the process of introducing an occupational and vocationally oriented curriculum as part of the strengthening of the Three Stream Model in the basic education sector. The curriculum is aligned to vocational and occupational fields of study.

  • The Council of Education Ministers approved that the occupational oriented curriculum be piloted in the Schools of Skills in 2017.
  • The pilot that stretched over four years is to be completed in 2020.
  • Full implementation of occupational subjects in Schools of Skills will commence in 2021.
  • Selected ordinary schools that are equipped to offer the services and technical subjects will pilot the vocationally oriented subjects in Grade 8 from 2021 with the pilot extended to Grade 9 in 2022.

The purpose of piloting the draft occupational and vocationally oriented curriculum is to make sure the curriculum is effective and to make changes before it is distributed or offered widely. Piloting a curriculum helps to identify which sections of the curriculum worked and which sections need strengthening.

Learners offering the programme will in the future be awarded a General Education Certificate (GEC) qualification as a transition qualification upon meeting the minimum requirements as set out in the GEC Policy framework. The GEC qualification is aimed at supporting learners to articulate into the different pathways in the Further Education and Training phase.

Overview of the Three Streams Model Where does the Three Stream Model meet the National Qualifications Framework? Introduction in the General Education and Training Phase (GET)

Implement occupational oriented subjects in Schools of Skill Introduction of vocationally oriented subjects within the GET phase at Grade 8 (2021) and 9 level (2022) Learners must be encouraged to stay in the schooling system Career information, advice and guidance from early in the GET phase to make informed choices The purpose of the GET Phase remains general-formative Transition qualification at the end of Grade 9 (GEC) is supported to articulate into different pathways in the FET phase, the PSET system, and the world of work (See WCED endorsed Certificate with memorandum) Schools of Skills have a prolonged approach towards a GEC (OO) Early specialisation in GET is not supported

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