What Is Secondary Education In India?

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What Is Secondary Education In India
Secondary education lasts 4 years. Students aged 14 to 18 complete the following 2 stages: lower secondary education, concluded with exams for a Standard X diploma; upper secondary education, concluded with exams for a Standard XII diploma or a Vocational Standard XII diploma.
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What do you mean by secondary education?

Secondary education, the second stage traditionally found in formal education, beginning about age 11 to 13 and ending usually at age 15 to 18. The dichotomy between elementary education and secondary education has gradually become less marked, not only in curricula but also in organization.
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Is 12th secondary education in India?

Senior Secondary School/Higher Secondary School –

It is of only 2 years. There is uniformity at this level of education in terms of the duration and classes i.e. all the States/UTs follow this 10+2 pattern. Senior Secondary Schools in India include classes 11th to 12th and consiste of students aged between 16-18 years usually.

  1. At this level of education, students can choose their preferred stream and subjects.
  2. They can pursue Arts, Commerce, Science (medical & nonmedical).
  3. The schools which provide education up to the 12th class are commonly known as Senior Secondary Schools or Higher Secondary Schools.
  4. Many schools are affiliated with secondary schools while some states have specific Junior colleges.

Some students also choose to do a diploma after their 10th class instead of appearing for the 12th exam. We hope this blog helped you get an overview of the Indian school education system. At LEAD, empower schools across India to help them deliver international standard education to millions of children across India irrespective of their background and location.

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What is primary and secondary education in India?

The School System – India is divided into 28 states and 7 so-called “Union Territories”. The states have their own elected governments while the Union Territories are ruled directly by the Government of India, with the President of India appointing an administrator for each Union Territory.

As per the constitution of India, school education was originally a state subject —that is, the states had complete authority on deciding policies and implementing them. The role of the Government of India (GoI) was limited to coordination and deciding on the standards of higher education. This was changed with a constitutional amendment in 1976 so that education now comes in the so-called concurrent list,

That is, school education policies and programmes are suggested at the national level by the GoI though the state governments have a lot of freedom in implementing programmes. Policies are announced at the national level periodically. The Central Advisory Board of Education (CABE), set up in 1935, continues to play a lead role in the evolution and monitoring of educational policies and programmes.

There is a national organization that plays a key role in developing policies and programmes, called the National Council for Educational Research and Training (NCERT) that prepares a National Curriculum Framework. Each state has its counterpart called the State Council for Educational Research and Training (SCERT).

These are the bodies that essentially propose educational strategies, curricula, pedagogical schemes and evaluation methodologies to the states’ departments of education. The SCERTs generally follow guidelines established by the NCERT. But the states have considerable freedom in implementing the education system.

  • The National Policy on Education, 1986 and the Programme of Action (POA) 1992 envisaged free and compulsory education of satisfactory quality for all children below 14 years before the 21st Century.
  • The government committed to earmark 6% of the Gross Domestic Product (GDP) for education, half of which would be spent on primary education.

The expenditure on Education as a percentage of GDP also rose from 0.7 per cent in 1951-52 to about 3.6 per cent in 1997-98. The school system in India has four levels: lower primary (age 6 to 10), upper primary (11 and 12), high (13 to 15) and higher secondary (17 and 18).

  • The lower primary school is divided into five “standards”, upper primary school into two, high school into three and higher secondary into two.
  • Students have to learn a common curriculum largely (except for regional changes in mother tongue) till the end of high school.
  • There is some amount of specialization possible at the higher secondary level.
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Students throughout the country have to learn three languages (namely, English, Hindi and their mother tongue) except in regions where Hindi is the mother tongue and in some streams as discussed below. There are mainly three streams in school education in India.

  1. Two of these are coordinated at the national level, of which one is under the Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) and was originally meant for children of central government employees who are periodically transferred and may have to move to any place in the country.
  2. A number of “central schools” (named Kendriya Vidyalayas) have been established for the purpose in all main urban areas in the country, and they follow a common schedule so that a student going from one school to another on a particular day will hardly see any difference in what is being taught.

One subject (Social Studies, consisting of History, Geography and Civics) is always taught in Hindi, and other subjects in English, in these schools. Kendriya Vidyalayas admit other children also if seats are available. All of them follow textbooks written and published by the NCERT.

In addition to these government-run schools, a number of private schools in the country follow the CBSE syllabus though they may use different text books and follow different teaching schedules. They have a certain amount of freedom in what they teach in lower classes. The CBSE also has 141 affiliated schools in 21 other countries mainly catering to the needs of the Indian population there.

The second central scheme is the Indian Certificate of Secondary Education (ICSE). It seems that this was started as a replacement for the Cambridge School Certificate. The idea was mooted in a conference held in 1952 under the Chairmanship of Maulana Abul Kalam Azad, the then Minister for Education.

The main purpose of the conference was to consider the replacement of the overseas Cambridge School Certificate Examination by an All India Examination. In October 1956 at the meeting of the Inter-State Board for Anglo-Indian Education, a proposal was adopted for the setting up of an Indian Council to administer the University of Cambridge, Local Examinations Syndicate’s Examination in India and to advise the Syndicate on the best way to adapt its examination to the needs of the country.

The inaugural meeting of the Council was held on 3rd November, 1958. In December 1967, the Council was registered as a Society under the Societies Registration Act, 1860. The Council was listed in the Delhi School Education Act 1973, as a body conducting public examinations.

  1. Now a large number of schools across the country are affiliated to this Council.
  2. All these are private schools and generally cater to children from wealthy families.
  3. Both the CBSE and the ICSE council conduct their own examinations in schools across the country that are affiliated to them at the end of 10 years of schooling (after high school) and again at the end of 12 years (after higher secondary).

Admission to the 11th class is normally based on the performance in this all-India examination. Since this puts a lot of pressure on the child to perform well, there have been suggestions to remove the examination at the end of 10 years.
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What is 12th called in India?

India – In India, the HSC/Intermediate and PUC Certificates is known as “Class 12th Certificate” and also known as “+2 Certificate”. It is awarded to senior high school students by almost all National and State Boards and It is also awarded to junior college students by some state boards.

  1. It is awarded after successful completion of exams like Higher Secondary Exam, PUC Exam, Intermediate Exam,SSC (Senior School Certificate)Exam etc.
  2. It is conducted at the state level by the state boards of education like Kerala Board of Public Examination (KBPE), Board of Secondary Education, Rajasthan (BSER), Maharashtra State Board of Secondary and Higher Secondary Education (MSBSHSE), Board of Intermediate Education, Andhra Pradesh (BIEAP), Department of Pre Universit Education, Karnataka (DPUE,Karnataka), West Bengal Council of Higher Secondary Education (WBCHSE), Bihar School Examination Board (BSEB) etc and at the national level by the national boards of education like Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) as All India Senior School Certificate Examination (AISSCE), Council for the Indian School Certificate Examination (CISCE) as Indian School Certificate (ISC), and National Institute of Open Schooling (NIOS).

CBSE conducts it once a year and NIOS twice a year in public examinations with an option of on-demand examinations. On the other hand, the 10th class exam which is also conducted at state level by the state boards of education and at the national level by the Central Board of Secondary Education and in India this exam is known as SSC exam.
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What is 11th and 12th called in India?

Higher secondary education is also called as HSC. It includes classes of 11 th and 12 th. These classes are being called as Intermediate Education.
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What is secondary called in India?

Primary and secondary education Read about primary and secondary education in India. Which diplomas can students obtain? And to which Dutch diplomas can you compare these Indian diplomas? Primary education or elementary education lasts 8 years in India. Pupils aged 6 to 14 complete the following 2 stages:

primary stage, grade I-V; upper primary stage, grade VI-VIII.

Students complete lower secondary education (grade IX-X) by taking exams for a Standard X diploma. In India, lower secondary education is also known as simply ‘secondary education’.

: 2 years (grade XI and X). Content: usually 5 exam subjects (see ‘Standard X diploma curriculum’ below). Function of the diploma: access to and to some study programmes in, Diploma: Standard X diploma. Please note: the name of the diploma varies. Common names include All India Secondary School Certificate, Indian Certificate of Secondary Education and Secondary School Certificate.

We compare the Standard X diploma (or an equivalent) to a diploma. The of the National Council of Educational Research and Training (NCERT) is a national guideline for the curriculum of primary and secondary education. The Indian states can follow this guideline when designing their curricula, but they may also deviate from it.

2 languages mathematics science (a combination of biology, physics and chemistry) social science (usually a combination of geography, sociology, economics, political science and history)

After obtaining the Standard X diploma, students can continue on to upper secondary education. It is also known as higher secondary education or senior secondary education. Upper secondary education consists of an academic stream and a vocational stream. Depending on the stream they choose, students obtain 1 of the following diplomas:

;,

Students conclude the academic stream of upper general secondary education with exams for a Standard XII diploma.

: 2 years (grade XI and XII). Content: usually 5 exam subjects (see ‘Standard XII diploma curriculum’ below). Function of the diploma: access to, Diploma: Standard XII diploma. Please note: the name of the diploma varies. Common names include All India Senior School Certificate, Indian School Certificate, Higher Secondary School Certificate, Intermediate Examination Certificate.

We compare the Standard XII diploma (or an equivalent) with a pass grade in 5 to a diploma. The curriculum usually consists of the following subjects:

1 or 2 languages; 3 or 4 electives.

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Which Class is known as secondary Class?

Secondary classes include 9 th and 10 th. It consists of two levels, level 2 junior secondary education, which is considered the second and final phase of basic education, and level 3 (Upper) secondary education.
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What is difference between primary and secondary education?

What is the Difference Between Primary Education and Secondary Education? – The key difference between primary education and secondary education is that primary education focuses on the basics of reading, writing, and mathematics, whereas secondary education focuses on subjects like literary-philosophical studies, economics, social sciences, mathematics, physical sciences, earth sciences, and biological sciences.

Also, another distinction between basic education and secondary education is that primary education begins around 5-7 years and may end around 11-13 years, but secondary education may begin around 11-13 years and ends in 15-18 years. Moreover, primary school prepares pupils for secondary education, while secondary education prepares the students for higher colleges.

Educators have a very simple and modest syllabus for primary education and a huge and wide syllabus for secondary school.
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Why is it called secondary school?

From Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Secondary school is the next step up from primary school, Secondary schools are often called high schools or middle school in United States, In Britain, secondary schools may be public schools, grammar schools or comprehensive schools,

  1. In Australia, a person will generally begin secondary school when they are at the age of 12 and finish (or graduate) when they are either 16 or 18 years of age.
  2. This is dependent upon whether they finish with year levels (or grades) 11 and 12.
  3. In secondary school, a person will advance through the year levels (or grades) each year.

In the United Kingdom, a person starts secondary school at the age of 11 and generally finishes secondary at either 16 or 18 depending on whether the secondary school has a sixth form offering post 16 education. In the United States school system, secondary school is usually divided into two separate schools.

One is called middle school and consists grades 6, 7, and 8. And the other is called high school and has grades 9 through 12. A person generally starts middle school at age 11 or 12 and starts high school at age 14 or 15 and finishes at age 18. Generally a student goes to the high school for four years.

Depending on the laws in each individual state, a student can drop out of high school; the minimum age is 16. If the student does graduate, he/she can plan to continue his/her studies to college or a university, or just join the workforce. In some schools in Australia years 11 and 12 are just a normal part of high school.
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Is secondary school same as high school?

What is Secondary School in the U.S.? – Simply put, there is no such thing as secondary school in the United States. Technically speaking, and by definition, middle school (grades 6-8), and high school (grades 9-12) can be considered part of secondary school because they are offered after elementary school.
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What level of education is 12th?

Secondary Education – Secondary education begins in grade 9 and lasts until grade 12. The secondary stage is broken into two, two year cycles, generally referred to as General/Lower Secondary School, or ‘Standard X’, and Upper/Senior Secondary School, or ‘Standard XII’.

Education continues to be free at government schools, although private education is more common at the secondary level. Public examinations are held at the end of both cycles and grant access to grade 11 and university level study respectively. General curriculum for lower secondary school in India consists of three languages (including the regional language, an elective, and English language), Mathematics, Science and Technology, Social Sciences, Work/Pre-Vocational Education, Art, and Physical Education.

Secondary schools are affiliated with Central or State boards which administer the Secondary School Certificate at the end of grade 10. Based upon performance in the first two years of secondary school, and upon the SSC results, students may enter Senior/Upper Secondary School.

Upper Secondary School offers the students a chance to select a ‘stream’ or concentration of study, offering science, commerce, and arts/humanities. Education is administered both in schools or two-year junior colleges which are often affiliated with degree granting universities or colleges. Curriculum for the Higher Secondary Certificate Examination is determined by the boards of secondary education of which there are 31.

Although the HSCE is the most common Standard XII examination, the All India Senior School Certificate (CBSE), Indian School Certificate, Certificate of Vocational Education (CISCE), Senior Secondary Certification (NIOS), Intermediate Certificate and the Pre-University Certificate are also offered.
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What is the difference between secondary and high school?

High School (Secondary School) – The term “high school” applies to the academic institution that follows elementary school. The term “secondary school” is often used as an alternative term. High schools prepare students for post-secondary education and training or employment after graduation.

  • Provincial Ministries of Education govern the policies and programs of all publicly funded high schools.
  • Therefore, there can be substantial differences in curricula, grading and programs among provinces.
  • Because the elementary grades have varied from province to province over the decades, high schools have included grades 7 to 13.

High schools vary in type (academic, vocational, technical, composite) and may be public (free) or private (fee-charging). Pre-1850, high schools were distinct from common schools as a place for the sons of the elite as fees and entrance exams were used to restrict entry, but by the late 19th century public schools became open and free to all children who had completed elementary education.
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Is year 11 the end of secondary school?

England – In schools in, Year Eleven is the eleventh year after, It is the eleventh full year of compulsory education, with students being admitted who are aged 16 years old by 31 August in any given academic year. It is also the final year of in which the Secondary is taught and examinations are taken.

  • Most state schools adopted Year Eleven as the title for the final year of compulsory education in September 1990, in place of Fifth Year.
  • Students go on to complete further education in the forms of,, or completing an in whatever subject they would like.
  • Many Year Eleven students feel stressed from exams.

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What is Grade 11 also called?

What is the K to 12 Program? –

The K to 12 Program covers 13 years of basic education with the following key stages:

Kindergarten to Grade 3 Grades 4 to 6 Grades 7 to 10 (Junior High School) Grades 11 and 12 (Senior High School)

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