What Is Education According To Swami Vivekananda?
Education. Vivekananda believed education is the manifestation of perfection already in men. He thought it is a pity that the existing system of education did not enable a person to stand on his own feet, nor did it teach him self-confidence and self-respect.
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- 1 What are the views of Swami Vivekananda on mass education?
- 2 What is the famous line of Swami Vivekananda?
- 3 What is the aim of Swami Vivekananda?
- 4 Which is the best method of study according to Vivekananda?
- 5 How to get focus like Vivekananda?
- 6 What was the role of Swami Vivekananda in the world?
- 7 What is contribution of Swami Vivekananda?
What is the role of Swami Vivekananda in the field of education?
Swami Vivekananda’s contribution to educational thought is of supreme importance if education is observed as the most powerful instrument of social change. – Swami Vivekananda jayanti 2021 On January 12, India celebrates National Youth Day and that is how India pays tribute to the great patriot prophet of India ‘Swami Vivekananda’ on his birth anniversary. He was born as Narendranath Datta on January 12, 1863 at Calcutta.
And today is Swami Vivekananda’s 154th birth anniversary. He was not only a social reformer but also an educator. His contribution to educational thought is of supreme importance if education is observed as the most powerful instrument of social change. According to Swami Vivekananda education should cover all aspects of life – material, physical, moral, intellectual, spiritual and emotional, as education is a constant process.
For him, education defines as ‘the manifestation of perfection that is already in man.’ He suggested that education should aim at reforming the human mind; it should not be for filling some facts into the brain. Education should be the preparation of life.
- He once said that “Education is not the amount of information that is put into your brain and runs riot there, undigested all your life.
- We must have life-building, man-making, character-making, assimilation of ideas.
- If you have assimilated five ideas and made them your life and character, you have more education than any man who has got by heart a whole library.
If education were identical with information, the libraries would be the greatest sages in the world and encyclopedias the rishis.” Vivekananda propagated that the essence of Hinduism was best expressed in Adi Shankara’s Advaita Vedanta philosophy. And thus, for modern education system Swami Vivekananda wanted to implement maximum emphasis on meditation and concentration in the teaching-learning process.
In the practice of general education, as it is in the practice of yoga, five fundamentals have necessarily involved- the aim, the method, the subject, the taught and the teacher. He convinced of the fact that by practicing meditation and concentration, all knowledge in the human mind can also be practised.
By giving re-orientation to education, politics, economics and sociology, Swami Vivekananda wanted to remove the evils of the society. For this change, he laid stress on education as a powerful weapon.
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What are the views of Swami Vivekananda on mass education?
One striking idea which comes out of his exhortation about education is that he wanted to educate and raise the masses,because he believed that progress of the country totally depends upon the hands of masses.So education among the masses is a must,as Swami Vivekananda wanted to see people ‘stand on their own legs’
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What is the famous line of Swami Vivekananda?
09 /11 On passionately chasing your dream – “Take up one idea. Make that one idea your life; dream of it; think of it; live on that idea. Let the brain, the body, muscles, nerves, every part of your body be full of that idea, and just leave every other idea alone. This is the way to success, and this is the way great spiritual giants are produced.” ― Swami Vivekananda readmore
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What is the aim of Swami Vivekananda?
To spread the idea of the potential divinity of every being and how to manifest it through every action and thought. To stress the universal message of India of oneness, respect of diversity and immortality of soul in the words of Swami Vivekananda.
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Which is the best method of study according to Vivekananda?
VIVEKANANDA’S SELF EDUCATION & CONSTRUCTIV- IST APPROACH Vivekananda’s most important method of teaching is self education or auto education. Which means he express that pupils learn their lesson naturally nobody (teacher, parents etc) can force them to learn their lesson or nobody can identify their way of growing up.
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What is the first purpose of education?
What is the main purpose of education? – The main purpose of education is to provide the opportunity for acquiring knowledge and skills that will enable people to develop their full potential, and become successful members of society. School does not just involve letters and numbers, but also teachers and the entire education system where students are taught critical thinking, honesty, and humanitarianism.
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What are the 3 types of help mentioned by Swami Vivekananda?
In this essay Vivekananda talks about three types of help: first is physical help, second – intellectual help, and the third is spiritual help.
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What was the last message of Swami Vivekananda?
‘I shall not live to be 40 years old’—How did Swami Vivekananda know when he would die? Swami Vivekananda attained Maha-Samadhi on July 4, 1902, at the age of 39. By then he had lived life on his own terms and was ready for death. Vivekananda’s death was not an episode, it was almost a journey and the manner in which he approached it, is intensely symbolic of the calm composure and the mastery of the fear of the unknown.
He embraced death free of any fear or apprehension. How did Swamiji view Death? Swami Vivekananda advocated Advaita Vedanta that holds all men as one in spiritual brotherhood, but that the last word in religion is man’s realization of his essential oneness with the entire universe. The central teaching of the Vedanta – the Upanishads – is how to realize this oneness.
He propagated his views on death time and again, in his writings and his lectures. Death is not something to be fearful of or kept at bay, rather it should be embraced and accepted like all other worldly undertakings and he showed the way to do it. He always predicted that he would not live beyond the age of 40 and when he breathed his last, he was just 39 years and five months old.
- In March 1900, Swamiji wrote a letter to Sister Nivedita.
- There, he wrote, “I don’t want to work.
- I want to be quiet, and rest.
- I know the time and the place; but the fate, or Karma, I think, drives me on – work, work.” When he said, “I know the time and the place,” he was obviously referring to the time and place of his demise.
It was, after all, just over two years after writing that letter that Vivekanda died, on July 4, 1902, preceded by detailed study of the almanac in the preceding days, the specific pointing out of the spot of his cremation three days before his demise, and instructions to brother-disciples on the future of the Ramakrishna Math on the day itself. His belief is reiterated in a letter he wrote earlier to one of his disciples, Mrs Bull in 1895. Mrs. Bull lost her father and was heart-broken. When Swamiji received the news, he wrote her a very gentle letter, comforting her in his own inimitable way.
His letter is one of the most profound views on the mystery of death. He wrote, “Coming and going is all pure delusion. The soul never comes nor goes. Where is the place to which it shall go, when all space is in the soul? When shall be the time for entering and departing, when all time is in the soul? The earth moves, causing the illusion of the movement of the sun; but the sun does not move.
So Prakriti, or Maya, or Nature, is moving, changing, unfolding veil after veil, turning over leaf after leaf of this grand book- while the witnessing soul drinks in knowledge, unmoved, unchanged. All souls that ever have been, are, or shall be, are all in the present tenseBecause the idea of space does not occur in the soul, therefore all that were ours, are ours, and will be ours, are always with us.
We are in them. They are in us The whole secret is, then, that your father has given up the old garment he was wearing and is standing where he was through all eternity. Will he manifest another such garment in this or any other world? I sincerely pray that he may not, until he does so in full consciousness.
I pray that none may be dragged any whither by the unseen power of his own past actions. I pray that all may be free, that is to say, may know that they are free. And if they are to dream again, let us pray that their dreams be all of peace and bliss’ On March 7, 1900, Swamiji delivered a lecture in Oakland on the subject, ‘The Laws of Life and Death.’ The Swami said: ‘How to get rid of this birth and death — not how to go to heaven, but how one can stop going to heaven — this is the object of the search of the Hindu.’ Swamiji went on to say that nothing stands isolated — everything is a part of the never-ending procession of cause and effect.
- If there are higher beings than man, they also must obey the laws.
- Life can only spring from life, thought from thought, matter from matter.
- A universe cannot be created out of matter.
- It has existed for ever.
- If human beings came into the world fresh from the hands of nature, they would come without impressions; but we do not come in that way, which shows that we are not created afresh.
If human souls are created out of nothing, what is to prevent them from going back into nothing? If we are to live all the time in the future, we must have lived all the time in the past. It is the belief of the Hindu that the soul is neither mind nor body.
What is it which remains stable — which can say, ‘I am I? Not the body, for it is always changing; and not the mind, which changes more rapidly than the body, which never has the same thoughts for even a few minutes.’ There must be an identity which does not change — something which is to man what the banks are to the river — the banks which do not change and without whose immobility we would not be conscious of the constantly moving stream.
Behind the body, behind the mind, there must be something, viz the soul, which unifies the man. Mind is merely the fine instrument through which the soul — the master — acts on the body. In India we say a man has given up his body, while you say, a man gives up his ghost.
The Hindus believe that a man is a soul and has a body, while Western people believe he is a body and possesses a soul. Death overtakes everything which is complex. The soul is a single element, not composed of anything else, and therefore it cannot die. By its very nature the soul must be immortal. Body, mind, and soul turn upon the wheel of law — none can escape.
No more can we transcend the law than can the stars, than can the sun — it is all a universe of law. The law of Karma is that every action must be followed sooner or later by an effect. The Egyptian seed which was taken from the hand of a mummy after 5000 years and sprang into life when planted is the type of the never-ending influence of human acts.
Action can never die without producing action. Now, if our acts can only produce their appropriate effects on this plane of existence, it follows that we must all come back to round out the circle of causes and effects. This is the doctrine of reincarnation. We are the slaves of law, the slaves of conduct, the slaves of thirst, the slaves of desire, the slaves of a thousand things.
Only by escaping from life can we escape from slavery to freedom. God is the only one who is free. God and freedom are one and the same. It is amazing to think how evolved a mind had to be to have a sense of when time here is going to run out, and to go on with a sense of energy, the drive that Swami Vivekananda displayed during his temporal existence and made it worthwhile.
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How many hours did Vivekananda study?
Man With A Vision – According to a, ‘Vivekananda and the art of memory’, in ‘Reminiscences of Swami Vivekananda,’ his friend Haripada Mitra relates the following story, “One day, Swamiji was reading a book reclining in his bed. I was in another room.
- Suddenly, he laughed so hard that I thought there must be some reason, and so I went to his door to find that nothing had happened.
- He continued to read as I stood there for some fifteen minutes; still, he did not notice me.
- His mind was all concentrated on the book.
- Later on, he saw me and asked me to step in.
When he heard that I had been standing there for a quite long time, he said, “Whatever one has to do, one must apply whole attention and energy for the time being.” Akhandananda, a brother disciple, went to bring books from the local library in Meerut for Vivekananda.
Accordingly, Akhandananda got one volume each day, and the Swami would finish a volume in a single day and return it the next day. The librarian argued with Akhandananda that Vivekananda had indeed returned the books without reading them and remarked that he was only showing off. Hearing this, Swami himself went to the librarian and said, “Sir, I have mastered all these volumes; if you have any doubts, you may ask me about them.” The librarian then examined the monk and became fully convinced by doing so.
Later, Akhandananda asked Swami how he could do it, to which he replied, “I never read a book word by word. I read sentence by sentence, sometimes paragraph by paragraph, in kaleidoscopic form.” Vivekananda’s prodigious memory was demonstrated from his youth.
He would finish a big book in just one night in college, keeping awake by drinking strong tea or coffee. Shortly before he passed away, he fell sick. During his recovery, he had begun reading the newly published edition of the Encylopedia Brittanica. His disciple, Saratchandra Chakravarty, seeing these twenty-five large volumes one day, remarked, “It is hard to master the contents of so many volumes in one life.” He did not know at the time that Vivekananda had already completed ten volumes and was reading the eleventh.
“What do you mean?” Swami said. “Ask me whatever you like from these ten volumes, and I can tell you all about it.” Out of curiosity, the disciple brought down the volumes and started asking him questions on abstruse topics. Not only did Swami answer these questions, displaying a vast amount of even technical knowledge, but in many instances, he quoted the exact language of the books.
The disciple was spellbound at the extraordinary grasp and memory of his guru and exclaimed, “This is beyond the power of man.” Vivekananda then told him that there was nothing miraculous about it. “If one observed the strictest two ‘Brahmacharya’, one could retain and repeat exactly what one had heard or read but once, even if years ago.” Another encounter of a similar nature happened with the German scholar, Professor Paul Deussen.
When Vivekananda was looking into a book of poetry, the Professor, wanting to draw him into a conversation, spoke to him but received no response. Swami continued to turn the pages. Later on, when he came to know about it, he apologised and explained to the Professor that he had been so absorbed in reading that he heard nothing.
- His mind was always focussed as a steady laser beam on the matter at hand.
- Deussen was initially sceptical but was later astounded when the Swami recited whatever he had been reading.
- Vivekananda believed that every person’s mind becomes concentrated at times.
- We all concentrate upon those things we love, and we love those things upon which we concentrate our minds,” he said.
Also Read: : Remembering Swami Vivekananda, Man Known For His Prodigious Memory And Speed Reading
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How to get focus like Vivekananda?
The secret of concentration and success by Swami Vivekananda Photo by on Concentration is the essence of all Knowledge; nothing can be done without it. Ninety percent of thought force is wasted by the ordinary human being and therefore he is constantly committing blunders; the trained man or mind never makes a mistake.
Since my school days, I’ve been fascinated by Swami Vivekananda- his works, and his abilities.His remarkable ability to grasp topics at a pace I have never seen, his thoughts on meditation.Over the years, I have read a lot that is said by him and taken notes, here are a few of them. Secret of Concentration
1. Take up one idea, make that one idea your life; think of it, dream of it, live on that idea. Let the brain, muscles, nerves, every part of your body, be full of that idea and just leave every other idea alone. This is the way to success and this is the way great spiritual giants are produced.
Others are mere talking machines.2. This is the difference between man and the animals — the man has the greater power of Concentration. The difference in their power of Concentration also constitutes the difference between man and man. Compare the lowest with the highest man. The difference is in the degree of Concentration.3.
Simply by the observance of strict Bramacharya all learning can be mastered in a very short time — one has an unfailing memory of what one hears or knows but once. It is owing to this want of continence that everything is on the brink of ruin in our country.4.
The very essence of education is the concentration of mind, not the collecting of facts. We should develop the power of concentration and detachment, and then with a perfect instrument, we can collect facts at will.5. The knowledge in the world is gained by Concentration of the powers of the mind. The strength and force of the blow come through concentration.
There is no limit to the power of the human mind. The more concentrated he is, the more power is brought to bear on one point; that is the secret. Success in life mostly depends on the power of Concentration. Clear thinking and intellectual understanding are very easy for a concentrated mind.
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What is the role of Swami Vivekananda in development of India?
What was the contribution of Swami Vivekananda in the awakening of the Indian people? Answer Verified Hint: It has been said that Swami Vivekananda has given a spiritual awakening to the struggle for freedom that ultimately led India to freedom. He believed that the future of a country depended on its people, and his teachings focused on human development.
Complete Answer: Note: Some presses outside India referred to him as the “Cyclonic Monk from India.”
Swami Vivekananda was an Indian Hindu monk. He played a significant role in the rising Indian nationalism of the 19th and 20th centuries, reinterpreting and harmonising many aspects of Hinduism. His teachings and theory have extended this reinterpretation to different areas of education, religion, character building and social issues pertaining to India, and have also been instrumental in bringing Yoga to the West.
- Following are some of the ways as to how Swami Vivekananda contributed in the awakening of the Indian people:- Swami Vivekananda established the Ramakrishna Mission in 1897 to spread the teachings of his mentor, Ramakrishna Paramahamsa.
- He believed that the best way to serve God was to serve humanity which became the motto of the Mission.- Vivekananda played a major role in growing Indian nationalism at the end of the 19th and 20th centuries, inspiring many Indians to succeed and appeal to the West.
His example helped create pride in India’s cultural and religious heritage and to stand up against the British colonial regime. He was very active in big campaigns against the British.- His vision of India had no place for caste, creed, colour, religious superiority or race.
- He recognised the infinite potential of India, which lies in its principles.
- His faith tells people that God exists in all and therefore no one should be harmed.- He saw that the nameless, formless spirit could be realised through the individual souls of the hungry masses of India.
- He knew that the strength of every nation was its people, not the ruling minority, but the subject masses.
The unification of these subject masses was therefore the primary need for national integration.- According to him, religion teaches that every being is compounded by one’s own self. Religions are calling for sympathy. He felt that religion was only preached but its goodness was never practised.- Vivekananda stressed that noble values such as manhood, honour and a sense of human integrity should be developed by all individuals.
These individualistic characteristics had to be complemented by a positive sense of caring for the neighbour.- His main work is Raja Yoga, which consists of talks he conducted in New York City.- Bartaman Bharat that means ‘’Present Day India,’ is a scholarly Bengali-language essay written by him which was first published in the March 1899 issue of the only- bengali language magazine “Udbodhan” of both Ramakrishna Math and Ramakrishna Mission.
: What was the contribution of Swami Vivekananda in the awakening of the Indian people?
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What was the role of Swami Vivekananda in the world?
Photo of Swami Vivekananda in Chicago in 1893 with the handwritten words “one infinite pure and holy—beyond thought beyond qualities I bow down to thee” “> Photo of Swami Vivekananda in Chicago in 1893 with the handwritten words “one infinite pure and holy—beyond thought beyond qualities I bow down to thee” Swami Vivekananda (1863–1902) is best known in the United States for his groundbreaking speech to the 1893 World’s Parliament of Religions in which he introduced Hinduism to America and called for religious tolerance and an end to fanaticism.
Born Narendranath Dutta, he was the chief disciple of the 19th-century mystic Ramakrishna and the founder of Ramakrishna Mission. Swami Vivekananda is also considered a key figure in the introduction of Vedanta and Yoga to the West and is credited with raising the profile of Hinduism to that of a world religion.
Speech delivered by Swami Vivekananda on September 11, 1893, at the first World’s Parliament of Religions on the site of the present-day Art Institute Sisters and Brothers of America, It fills my heart with joy unspeakable to rise in response to the warm and cordial welcome which you have given us.
I thank you in the name of the most ancient order of monks in the world, I thank you in the name of the mother of religions, and I thank you in the name of millions and millions of Hindu people of all classes and sects. My thanks, also, to some of the speakers on this platform who, referring to the delegates from the Orient, have told you that these men from far-off nations may well claim the honor of bearing to different lands the idea of toleration.
I am proud to belong to a religion which has taught the world both tolerance and universal acceptance. We believe not only in universal toleration, but we accept all religions as true. I am proud to belong to a nation which has sheltered the persecuted and the refugees of all religions and all nations of the earth.
I am proud to tell you that we have gathered in our bosom the purest remnant of the Israelites, who came to Southern India and took refuge with us in the very year in which their holy temple was shattered to pieces by Roman tyranny. I am proud to belong to the religion which has sheltered and is still fostering the remnant of the grand Zoroastrian nation.
I will quote to you, brethren, a few lines from a hymn which I remember to have repeated from my earliest boyhood, which is every day repeated by millions of human beings: “As the different streams having their sources in different paths which men take through different tendencies, various though they appear, crooked or straight, all lead to Thee.” The present convention, which is one of the most august assemblies ever held, is in itself a vindication, a declaration to the world of the wonderful doctrine preached in the Gita: “Whosoever comes to Me, through whatsoever form, I reach him; all men are struggling through paths which in the end lead to me.” Sectarianism, bigotry, and its horrible descendant, fanaticism, have long possessed this beautiful earth.
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Why Swami Vivekananda is a role model for youth?
Swami Vivekananda is a great inspiration for the youth of the nation, said, State Silk Marketing Board chairman T P Ramesh. He was speaking after inaugurating the Swami Vivekananda Jayanti programme organised by the Zilla Panchayat at St Joseph School in Madikeri on Thursday.
- There is a need to draw the hidden talents of youth and channelise them for the cause of the development of the nation.
- Vivekananda had stressed on the role of youth in the making of India of his dreams.
- He was a great philosopher.
- His noble life and message is a leading light to our lives, Ramesh said.
Deputy Commissioner Dr Richard Vincent D’Souza said that youth must utilise the opportunities coming on their way to lead a good life. Ramakrishnashrama, Mysuru, lecturer S S Ramesh said one has to shun negative thoughts and inferiority for a person is the sculptor of his destiny himself.
- The deputy commissioner released a booklet on Swami Vivekananda published by the Department of Information and Public Relations.
- Assistant Commissioner Dr Nanjundegowda, St Joseph School head Maria Goratti, College principal Sister Shobha and CMC Commissioner B Shubha were present for the programme.
- Chikkamagaluru Principal District and Sessions Court Judge Prabhavathi M Hiremath said that Swami Vivekananda should be considered a role model for the youth.
The youth should follow the ideals propounded by Swami Vivekananda to make India a role model for other nations. Speaking at the National Youth Day programme organised at Mountain View PU College on the outskirts of Chikkamagaluru on Thursday, she said, “One should develop positive attitude in life.” Mountain View PU College principal Tasneem Fathima also spoke.
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What is contribution of Swami Vivekananda?
About Swami Vivekananda –
Swami Vivekananda was born Narendra Nath Datta, on 12th January, 1863. He was a monk and chief disciple of Ramakrishna Paramhansa. He introduced Indian philosophies of Vedanta and Yoga to the Western world and is credited with raising interfaith awareness, bringing Hinduism to the world stage during the late 19th century.
It was based on Upanishads and their interpretation. Its aim was to enquire about ‘Brahman’ (ultimate reality) which was the central concept of Upanishads, It saw Veda as the ultimate source of information and whose authority could not be questioned. It emphasized on path of knowledge (jnana) as opposed to that of sacrifice (karma). Ultimate aim of knowledge was ‘Moksha’ i.e. liberation from ‘sansara’,
He established Ramakrishna Mission in 1987, named after his Guru Swami Ramakrishna Paramhansa. The institution did extensive educational and philanthropic work in India. He also represented India in the first Parliament of Religion held in Chicago (U.S.) in 1893.