What Is Bye Class 12 Physical Education?


What Is Bye Class 12 Physical Education
What is a bye? If the total number of teams are not in power of 2 like 2, 4, 8,16,32,64, etc., the total number of teams minus the next highest power of two are given bye. The teams given the byes get an opportunity to play directly in the second round of the game.
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What is bye in physical education?

Why Do We Say Teams Get a ‘Bye’? In sports, bye refers to a team automatically advancing to the next round of tournament play without competing and bye week refers to a scheduled off week for a given team. The term is not related to goodbye but is instead believed to be an alteration of by, as in the team is “standing by” to play later, or “bypassed” while other teams play. What Is Bye Class 12 Physical Education The bye week, featuring professional armchair quarterbacks Many people might see the word and interpret it as a shortened form of the common farewell goodbye, We see it rendered this way in print sometimes as well: Alexander, however, jumped up and grabbed his backpack.
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What is the formula for bye?

The number of byes are decided by subtracting the number of teams from the next higher number which is in power of two’s. Formula for calculating number of matches=n-1,where n is the total number of teams participating in the tournament.
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What is a definition of bye?

If you say, ‘Bye!’ you mean ‘farewell’ or ‘so long.’ In other words, bye is a shorter way to say, ‘Goodbye.’
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What is the bye full form?

What is the full form of BYE? – The term BYE is commonly referred to as ” Be with you Everytime “. Some people also mention it as “Be with you every time”. Besides, there are beliefs that the word BYE is an abbreviation for ‘GOODBYE’, which gained popularity in the mid-16th century and means ‘God be with you every time’. The full form of BYE can be explained as:

B Be with
Y You
E Everytime

Let’s briefly talk about its history:
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What is bye elimination?

When Byes are Needed – Any time a single elimination or double elimination tournament is not a “Power of 2”, or for those that are not mathematicians, 4, 8, 16, 32, 64, 128, or 256 players/teams, byes must be awarded. A bye simply means that a team does not have to participate in the first round of the tournament, but instead gets a free pass to the second round.
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What is bye in single elimination?

Single Elimination Brackets – Single elimination brackets are draw formats where the winner of each match advances to the next round, and the loser is eliminated from winning the championship or first place in the division. The round in a single elimination bracket refers to how far the competitor has advanced in the draw.

  • People refer to each round by its power of two.
  • In larger draws for example, the round with 64 players remaining is called the round of 64, or 64s.
  • The next round with 32 participants remaining in the bracket is called the round of 32, or 32s.
  • The round in which 16 remain is the round of 16, or sweet 16.

When only 8 teams remain, it is most commonly known as the Quarter finals, or the quarters. Winners from that round move the semis, where only 4 competitors remain. The two winners face off in the final round sometimes called the finals or championship match.

  • Single elimination brackets often have a 3rd place playoff, where the 2 semi final losers compete for 3rd place.
  • Tournaments that are limited in time may choose not to play the 3rd place match and award 3rd to both losers of the semi finals.
  • In a single elimination bracket where the number of players isnt a power of two, some participants receive a bye in the first round.

A Bye allows them to advance into the next round without having to play and risk being knocked out of competition. Seeding is extremely important with single elimination brackets and could change the outcome of the final standings. A badly seeded draw could have the top two competitors in a division meet in the first round.

  • The second best competitor who should have gotten second would be out of the tournament.
  • Byes are usually determined by a players seeding, with the highest ranked players getting the bye as a reward for their previous performance.
  • Some pro events can have multiple rounds of byes where the lower ranked players have to win several matches before facing a ranked opponent.

A qualifier draw can also be used to accomplish the same thing. Seeding single elimination brackets based on a ranking is often viewed as the fairest way to ensure that the better teams play weaker teams in the early rounds, then better teams match-up in later rounds to determine the champion.

  • The most common way to seed has the very best playing the very worst participant, then the second best player playing the second worst player, etc.
  • So in a single elimination brackets with 8 participants: seed 1 vs.
  • Seed 8, seed 2 vs.
  • Seed 7, seed 3 vs.
  • Seed 6, and seed 4 vs. seed 5.
  • Some tournaments choose to customize the seeding to create different matchups in later rounds to avoid the same players competing in subsequent events in sports where rankings change more slowly A single elimination bracket can have a consolation bracket where players drop into after losing.
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Advantages: Single elimination brackets allow a large number of participants to compete with no dead matches that dont count. Every match matters or you are out of the competition. Disadvantages: In sports where a draw or tie can take place, single elimination brackets are not ideal because a playoff must take place to determine who advances.

As opposed to round robin tournament brackets, after each round, half of the competitors remaining are eliminated, so most participants have few games compared to the winners who keep advancing and playing more. Someone traveling a long ways to a tournament may not be very happy to play one and be out.

Some also view it as unfair to award second place to the loser of the finals match because the losers of the semi finals never got a chance to play them. When discretionary seeding as used that doesnt follow a ranking system, how the tournament director seeds the draw can have significant influence on the final result.
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How many byes are there?

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What is bye and seeding?

Differentiate between bye and seeding?


Posted by Qwerty Board 4 years, 8 months ago CBSE > Class 12 > Physical Education

1 answers

Aditi Arya 4 years, 8 months ago Seeding is a method of set up matches in such a way that strong teams do not play against each other in earlier matches. Bye is the method to qualify the strong teams for further matches without any qualifying match.6 Thank You ANSWER
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What is a bye Mcq?

Physical Education – Solved Question Paper – CBSE Class 12 – (Delhi – 2016-17) What Is Bye Class 12 Physical Education ☛ Download Class 12 Physical Education Question Paper (2016-17) Delhi Region 1 – Mark Questions Q1: Fixtures are the schedule, fixed for the matches. What is a Bye? Answer : A Bye in a fixture means that the team which gets a bye is exempted from playing the first round and enters the second round directly.

  • OR Byes are given in the first round by which the number of teams playing in the 2nd round is reduced to the power of two.
  • Q2: What are renewable resources? Answer : Renewable resources are those natural resources which can be used repeatedly since it is replaced naturally/ replenished over time by some natural power eg.

Sunlight, water, air etc. Q3: Fats are derived from two sources. Name them. Answer : Animal sources – Ghee, Butter, Curd, Fish Oil, Milk, Meat, Egg etc. Vegetable Sources – Soybean, Olive, Mustard, Coconut, Groundnut, etc. Q4: What is Lordosis? Explain Answer : Lordosis is a postural deformity of the spine.

In this deformity, the spine curvature is increased inward in the lumbar region. Q5: Define Motor Development. Answer : Development of child‟s bones, muscles and ability to move around and manipulate his/her environment. (Gross motor development Fine motor development) Development of general body control, fine motor skills and large muscle movements.

Q6: What is Menopause? Answer : Menopause is a natural physiological change in women of age between 45-55 years, where there is a permanent cessation of menstruation cycle /primary functions of the ovaries due to hormonal changes. Q7: What motor quality does a senior citizen lack, who finds difficulty in tying the shoe laces while sitting on a chair? Answer : Lower body flexibility/ flexibility.

  1. Q8: What is hypertrophy of muscles? Answer : Increase in the number of muscle fibres and size of muscle components resulting into the enlargement of skeletal muscles.
  2. Q9: What is contusion? Answer : A soft tissue injury in which blood vessels in the muscles are broken and internal bleeding may occur on the injured part generally caused by a direct hit with a blunt object.

Q10: Define Friction and name its types. Answer : The force that develops at the surfaces of contact of two bodies and opposes their relative motion is called friction. Its types are: i. Static friction, ii. Dynamic friction Q11: What does the word “Coping strategies” mean, when talking about sports psychology? Answer : The thoughts and the actions we usually use to deal with a threatening situation is called coping strategies.

No. Intramurals Extramurals
1. Activities within the wall/compound of the campus Activities outside the Campus
2. Activities are organized only for the members of the schools/colleges/institutions. Activities are organized for more than two schools/colleges / institutions.
3. Provides ample opportunities for every member of the school/institution to participate in the activities. Only selected members participate in the extramural activities.
4. It may not be played under fixed rules and regulations of the game. Played under fixed rules and regulations of the game.
5. Specific skills, techniques strategies may not be required. Required specific skills, techniques and tactics.
6. Objective is recreation or talent hunt. Objective is to enhance performance of individual or team
7. Example: Inter-house, Inter-class etc. Example: Zonal, District, State etc.

Q13: The river rafting belt of River Ganga in Uttarakhand near Rishikesh is a popular venue among adventure-lovers and thousands of National and International tourists visit every year. It helps a lot in generating revenue and developing state‟s economy.

  1. But, use of the river for recreational purposes is impacting the river environment negatively.
  2. An important social survey conducted recently found water pollution, loss of vegetation, cultural degradation and displacement of wildlife, resulting directly due to rafting and camping activities.
  3. Despite there being rules and regulations to maintain the holy river and its surroundings, violation of these norms is regularly happening, due to which there is a great threat to the ecology and the river environment.

Answer the following questions. ⑴ What are the threats posed to the River Ganga due to Commercial River rafting and camping? ⑵ What values do you learn from the above passage? ⑶ What measures will you suggest to improve this environment? Answer : ⑴ Threats posed to the River Ganga due to Commercial River rafting and camping are : ✩ Water pollution ✩ Loss of vegetation ✩ Cultural degradation ✩ Displacement of wild life ✩ Disturbance to ecological system ⑵ Values learnt are: ✩ Eco friendly ✩ Significance of nature ✩ Respect and protect nature ✩ Conservation of natural resources ✩ Maintain the eco system ⑶ Ways to improve the environment are: ✩ Do not pollute the water bodies with human or other man-made wastes.

  • Do not disturb the wildlife habitat.
  • Do not cut trees, plants, herbs and shrubs ✩ Do not throw non-biodegradable items.
  • Do not create noise/sound pollution or Air pollution.
  • Q14: What is Osteoporosis? Explain factors, those lead to Osteoporosis in women.
  • Answer: Osteoporosis is weakening of the bones due to the loss of bone density Factors those lead to Osteoporosis in women : ✩ Insufficient calcium in diet ✩ Lack of Vitamin D ✩ Sedentary life style.
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✩ Side effects of medication ✩ Thyroid condition ✩ Due to the menstrual dysfunctioning in women. ✩ Eating disorders like anorexia bulimia/ poor nutrition. Q15: Write a detail note on Harvard Step Test. Answer : Harvard Step Test was developed by Brouha in 1943.

  • It measures the cardiovascular fitness or Aerobic fitness by checking the recovery pulse rate.
  • In this test an athlete stands in front of a box or bench which is 16 inches (female) to 20 inches (male) in height and steps up and down for 5 minutes at a rate of 30 steps/ minute.
  • The pulse rate is counted 1- 1 1⁄2 minutes, 2- 2 1⁄2 minutes and 3 – 3 1⁄2 minutes immediately after the test is administrated.

The fitness Index score is calculated by a simple formula: 100 ✕ test duration in seconds – 2 ✕ (sum of the heart beats taken in the recovery period) Q16: What is projectile? Explain any three factors that affect a projectile trajectory. Answer : An object thrown into the air at any angle against the action of gravity is called projectile.

Factors affecting projectile Trajectory: ✩ The angle of projectile- the angle at which it is projected. ✩ Projection and landing surface relation. ✩ Initial velocity ✩ Gravity ✩ Spin ✩ Air resistance Q17: What are the different dimensions of personality? Write in brief about any two. Answer : The dimensions of personality are as follows: ✩ Physical dimension ✩ Mental dimension ✩ Social dimension ✩ Emotional dimension Q18: What is Fartlek Training? Write in brief.

Answer : ⒜ Gosta Holmer developed Fartlek training in 1937. ⒝ Fartlek training method is used for developing endurance. ⒞ It is a combination of Aerobic and Anaerobic / Continuous and internal training. ⒟ Fartlek is derived from Swedish word which means ‘speed play’ ⒠ Athletes speed or pace is not preplanned and is decided according to the surroundings.

  1. Self-discipline is the most important while undertaking the training.
  2. The range of heart beat should be 140 to 180 / minute ⒣ Examples are: – Jogging, slow running – 5 to 10 minutes – Steady, hard running – 1.5 to 2.5/ km – Rapid walking – 5 minutes – Sprints for about 50 to 60mts – Full speed up hill running for 175 to 200 mts – Free running / easy running – Fast pace/ minute Q19: What is Endurance? Explain its types.

Answer : The ability to sustain a physical activity over longer period of time resisting fatigue is called endurance. a) Endurance according to Nature of activity ✤ Basic Endurance ✤ General Endurance ✤ Specific Endurance b) Endurance according to duration of activity ✤ Long term Endurance ✤ Medium term Endurance ✤ Short term Endurance 5-marks Questions Q20: What do you mean by “Healthy-Weight”? Explain the methods to control “Healthy Body Weight to lead healthful-living”.

  • Answer : Healthy weight is that body weight which allows an individual to lead a healthy life without any risk of diseases.
  • The healthy weight is known with the use of height and weight chart or calculates the BMI using the height, weight data.
  • Method to control ‘Healthy Body Weight’ ✤ Set appropriate goal ✤ Monitor the calorie intake.

✤ Health is more important than losing weight ✤ Healthy life style ✤ Regular physical exercise ✤ Pranayam ✤ Balance diet ✤ Avoid skipping meals. Q21: What are the causes of “Flat-Foot” and “Knock-Knees”? Suggest physical Activities as corrective measures for these deformities? Answer : Causes of flat foot: ✤ Genetic ✤ Weak muscles ✤ Over weight ✤ Improper foot wear ✤ Carrying heavy weight ✤ Forcing the child to stand up at very early stage.

Causes of Knock knee: ✤ Chronic illness ✤ Deficiency of calcium, vitamin D ✤ Mal nutrition ✤ Flat foot ✤ Carrying heavy weight at early age Corrective measures for flat foot: ✤ Walking on heels ✤ Walking on toes ✤ Rope skipping ✤ Jumping on toes ✤ Perform vajrasan, Tada asana ✤ Picking pebbles by toes ✤ Running on inclined plane / Stairs ✤ Cycling Corrective measures for knock knees ✤ Horse riding ✤ Kicking football by instep kick ✤ Putting a pillow between the knees ✤ Padmasan, Gomukhasana ✤ Walking on the inner side of the foot.

Q22: Exercises have numerous physiological and physical benefits on children. Explain in detail. Answer : Physical Benefits: ✤ Good Motor development ✤ Posture alignment and good body image improves physical appearance ✤ Reduces fatigue ✤ Increases alertness Weight management prevents obesity ✤ Increases bone density and prevent from osteoarthritis ✤ Tolerance of hot and cold climatic conditions.

  • Improves muscle Tone and minimizes the risk of injuries ✤ Improves neuromuscular coordination.
  • Physiological Benefits: ✤ Stronger immunity reduces the chances of diseases ✤ Increase lactic acid tolerance ✤ Increase in size of fibres and connective tissues ✤ More blood supply ✤ Density of blood vessels increases ✤ Myoglobin increases.

✤ Oxidation of carbohydrate increases ✤ Improves muscle composition Q23: What do you mean by “Oxygen-Intake” and “Oxygen-Uptake”? Explain the effects of exercise on the Respiratory system. Answer : Oxygen intake : The amount of oxygen intake by an athlete from the atmosphere is called oxygen intake.

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It depends upon lungs size, the strength of muscles and number of alveoli. Oxygen uptake : The amount of oxygen which can be absorbed and consumed by the working muscles from the blood is called oxygen uptake. Effect of exercise on respiratory system : ✓ Increase depth of respiration ✓ Decrease rate of respiration ✓ Improve vital capacity ✓ Improve tidal volume capacity ✓ Increase pulmonary diffusion ✓ Supply more O 2 to muscles ✓ Strengthen the respiratory muscles ✓ Unused alveoli become active ✓ Avoid second wind with strong will power ✓ Faster recovery rate ✓ Increases residual air volume ✓ Increase size of lungs and chest ✓ Maximum minute ventilation increased ✓ Strengthens diaphragm muscles Q24: What are the causes of ‘Sports-Injuries’? How Sports-Injuries can be prevented? Explain briefly.

Answer : Personal causes ✤ Improper warm up –and cool- down ✤ Not following the rules and regulation. ✤ Protective clothing and equipment ✤ Knowing the limits ✤ Improper rest and relaxation ✤ Healing previous injury or inadequate rehabilitation ✤ Lack of conditioning ✤ Drug abuse.

Environmental / external causes ✤ Improper ground or poorly maintained facilities ✤ Extreme cold or heat ✤ Inadequate first – aid care ✤ Expectation of spectators ✤ Lack of medical check- up ✤ Improper diet Training causes ✤ Without considering individual differences ✤ Lack of proper supervision ✤ Wrong method of training /poor coaching ✤ Lack of Systematic and scientific training ✤ Lack of psychological preparation.

✤ Improper load and recovery Prevention of Sports Injuries ✤ Overall conditioning ✤ Pre participation physical examination / medical check-up ✤ Coaching under expert trainer/ physio/ coach ✤ Stress on proper physical fitness. ✤ Balance diet ✤ Acclimatization with environment/ coaching according to climatic conditions ✤ Training according to periodization ✤ Intake of sufficient fluid ✤ Adequate clothing and pieces of equipment ✤ Standardized play field/ court ✤ Documentation of injuries ✤ Knowledge of First aid.

Running Walking
Running is a process in which both feet are in the air at one point of time. Double swing phase. Double swing phase. Movement in the limbs is faster. The range of motion is greater. Duration of swing phase is longer Walking is a process in which at least one foot remains in contact with the ground. Single swing phase. Movement in the limbs is slower. The range of motion is less. Duration of stance phase is longer

Mechanical analysis of running: 1. Stance phase – Initial contact stage – Absorption stage – Mid stance stage – Propulsive stage 2. Swing phase Q26: What is ‘Kraus-Weber-Test’? Explain the administration of Kraus-Weber test in detail. Answer : Dr Harns Kraus and Dr Sonja Weber developed the Kraus Weber test in 1950’s.

  1. Raus Weber test is used to measure the general muscular fitness of an individual.
  2. It helps to measure the strength and flexibility of muscles.
  3. This test consists of 6 items, and each item is administered by a score 0-10.
  4. Administration of test Test no.1 : Strength of Abdominal and Psoas Muscles (Sit ups) Test no.2 : Strength of Abdominal minus Psoas Muscles (bends knees sit ups) Test no.3 : Strength of Psoas and lower Abdominal Muscles: – lie supine position raise the feet 10 inches above ground and hold for 10 counts Test no.4 : Strength of Upper back Muscles: – lie prone lift upper body and hold for 10 counts.

Test no.5 : Strength of Lower back Muscles: – lie prone position – lift the lower body- hold for 10 counts. Test no.6 : Floor touch Test–Flexibility.
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How many byes are in 16 teams?

Suppose 16 teams have entered for a tournament, there will be no byes i.e.16 – 16 = 0.3. If the number of teams participating is not a power of 2, the byes will be given to a specific number of teams in the first round.
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What is the another name of bye?

What is another word for bye?

goodbye ciao
ta-ta see you
farewell adieu
sayonara cheers
later auf Wiedersehen

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Who started saying bye?

Did You Know “Goodbye” is Short for “God Be with You?” It’s amazing how words and phrases can evolve over time and take on new meaning—for instance, in the 1300’s, the word “nice” meant “silly,” or “ignorant.” “Egregious,” which now means “outstandingly bad,” used to mean “remarkably good.” While the evolution of “goodbye” isn’t as dramatic of a shift in meaning as the previous examples, it has quite an interesting background.

The first known use of the word “goodbye” was recorded in 1573 in a letter by English writer and scholar, Gabriel Harvey, which reads: “To requite your gallonde of godbwyes, I regive you a pottle of howdyes.”” “Godbwye” is a contraction of the phrase “God be with ye.” Throughout the years the word “good” was substituted for “God” due to the influence of phrases such as “good day” or “good evening.” The hymn “God Be With You Till We Meet Again”, which was written by Jeremiah Rankin, was composed so his church choir could have something to sing when they parted each week.

Rankin said this about the hymn, “Writtenas a Christian goodbye, it was called forth by no person or occasion, but was deliberately composed as a Christian hymn on basis of the etymology of “goodbye,” which is “God be with you.” He got the idea for the first stanza of the song when he saw the dictionary definition of “good-bye” was short for “God be with you.” The song was written in 1882 when Rankin was 54 years old.
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What is meant by bye in sports?

In sports, especially American football, a week during the playing season in which a team does not play a game. Competing in sport. bring. bring someone on. bye.
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