What Do You Mean By Leadership In Physical Education?


What Do You Mean By Leadership In Physical Education
Transformational Leadership in Physical Education – PHE America What Do You Mean By Leadership In Physical Education Leadership is a set of skills and practices that are available to physical education (PE) teachers. One of the leadership styles that I would like to introduce is “transformational leadership” because its leadership is highly related to fostering a positive environment, empowering students, and maximizing teaching.

According to Bass (1990), four factors consist of transformational leadership: (a) idealized influence, (b) inspirational motivation, (c) intellectual stimulation, and (d) individual consideration. Each component includes meaningful values, benefits, and purposes for PE teachers. The focus of this article is to describe specific characteristics of transformational leadership and provide implications for PE teachers to incorporate and apply them in class.

Idealized influence Idealized influence is about being a role model. Specifically, PE teachers should be skillful role models. Students need to be provided with a proper demonstration allowing them to improve performance and skills. Of course, it is impossible for PE teachers to master all kinds of physical activities or sports skills; however, PE teachers should keep developing skills, as well as acquiring new knowledge as much as possible.

  • If PE teachers lack in some areas, they should seek training opportunities by attending professional development or conferences (e.g., SHAPE America/regional SHAPE conferences).
  • PE teachers should be skilled so that they are able to demonstrate the techniques and skills as needed.
  • Additionally, students are taught the importance of being physically active and life-long movers in PE (Corbin, 2002).

Therefore, it would be beneficial for PE teachers to share their life experiences with students as role models. For example, PE teachers’ sharing experiences of taking part in any sports activities or playing sports can motivate students to increase their desire of being physically active (Kim et al., 2017). Inspirational motivation Inspirational motivation takes place when PE teachers provide clear and specific missions and visions (Kim et al., 2017). In terms of mission statements, PE teachers should be able to inspire students to maintain a healthy lifestyle.

PE programs offer a variety of skills necessary to perform a variety of physical activities and sports PE programs help students acquire knowledge and skills to stay physically fit PE programs help students realize the value of physical activity and contribute to a healthy lifestyle

What Do You Mean By Leadership In Physical Education Intellectual Stimulation Intellectual stimulation involves employing various ideas to induce students’ curiosity and learning. In other words, PE teachers use intellectual stimulation to provide creative and innovative learning experiences for students.

  • First, as technology evolves, it is now easy to use diverse technological tools such as Wii, X-Box, or various applications.
  • These technologies typically do not require an extensive budget and they can create effective learning environments.
  • For instance, an application, “Coaches’ Eyes” allows PE teachers to record, analyze, and evaluate students’ performances.

It helps students see what they cannot see and catch during their performance and provide accurate movement analysis. Using “Coaches’Eyes” can keep students engaged and motivated. Second, employing modified materials, equipment, and rules may help PE teachers boost students’ learning. What Do You Mean By Leadership In Physical Education Individualized Consideration Individualized consideration takes place when PE teachers find and respond to specific students’ needs. In order to provide individualized consideration, PE teachers should be effective communicators. This entails multiple important aspects, such as building an intimate relationship, listening to what students need, and providing proper feedback.

Building a relationship means finding value on a personal level. It is the ability to approach and embrace students while not sacrificing professional responsibilities. Furthermore, a major part of being an effective communicator is listening. By asking questions such as, “How was the class?” and “How did you feel about today’s class?” and “What would you suggest for today’s lesson?”, PE teachers can actively listen of the students.

Another way to provide individualized consideration is to offer proper feedback. After finding students’ concerns or issues, PE teachers should express their thoughts and take action. Transformational leadership is highly interactive. PE teachers strive to proactively communicate with students and draw the best from them by showing authentic care and respect (Bass, 1990).

Conclusion Transformational leadership has been found to be positive and effective as it includes four domains: idealized influence, inspirational motivation, intellectual stimulation, and individualized consideration. The concept of transformational leadership provides various practical and viable ideas to enhance the quality of PE.

Therefore, it is necessary for PE teachers to consider and display the characteristics of transformational leadership. Reference Bass, B.M. (1990). Bass & Stogdill’s Handbook of leadership; Theory, research, and managerial applications. (3rd ed.). New York: The Free Press.

  • Corbin, C. (2002).
  • Physical activity for everyone: what every physical educator should know about promoting lifelong physical activity.
  • Journal of Teaching Physical Education, 21, 128–144.
  • Im, M., Hushman, G., Holzberg, L., & So, H. (2017).
  • The effect of transformational leadership on middle school students’ intrinsic motivation and expectancy-value in physical education.

European Journal of Educational Sciences,4 (2), 22-31. : Transformational Leadership in Physical Education – PHE America
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What do you mean by leadership in physical education 11th?

NCERT Revision Notes for Chapter 6 Physical Activities and Leadership Training Class 11 Physical Education – Topics in the Chapter

  • Introduction to physical activity and leadership
  • Qualities and role of a leader
  • Behavior change stages for Physical activity
  • (Pre-contemplation, contemplation, planning, active maintainance)
  • Creating leaders through Physical Education
  • Meaning, objectives and types of adventure sports
  • (Rock climbing, trekking, River rafting, Mountaineering, surfing and Para-gliding)
  • Safety measures during physical activity and adventure sports

What Do You Mean By Leadership In Physical Education Introduction to Physical Activity and Leadership Training Physical Activity: Physical activity simply means movement of the body that uses energy. The four main types of physical activities are: 1. Aerobic 2. Muscle-strengthening 3. Bone-strengthening 4. Stretching What Do You Mean By Leadership In Physical Education

  • Leadership — Leadership can be described as the ability of an individual to influence, motivate, and enable others to contribute toward the effectiveness and success of an organization or a group of which they are members.
  • Leader — A person who can bring about change, therefore, is one who has the ability to be a leader.
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Qualities of Leader

  • Awareness: A leader should be aware of different scenarios and things going around in his surroundings.
  • Passionate: the leader should be passionate for goal of his team and should motivate other teammates for this.
  • Energetic: A leader should be full of energy and enthusiasm to do and lead for any task.
  • Friendliness and affection: A leader should act with friendly attitude with his team mates. He should have affection for each and every teammate without any discrimination.
  • Decisiveness: A leader should be able to make quick decisions.
  • Technically skilled: A leader should be skilled enough to solve any technical problem occurred during any task.
  • Intelligent: He should have good IQ so that he can understand any issues related with team and resolve it.
  • Teaching skill: He should be able make things understand easily for his team mates.
  • Creative: A leader should be innovative so that he can derive new and fresh concepts.
  • Interest in Research: A leader should not fear from taking risks. He should keep researching things well.

LEADERSHIP TRAITS L— Loyalty E— Empathy A—Accountability D— Duty & Determination E— Energy & Encouragement R — Respect S— Selflessness H — Honorable and humble I— Integrity & Innovation P — Passion for and pride in work Role of a leader in Sports

  1. Organiser: A good leader in sports is a good organiser in organising different sports events.
  2. Motivator: A leader in sports understands his students and thier mental needs. So, he plays the role of a good motivator.
  3. Guardian: A good leader plays the role of guardian. A good leader understands the personal problem of an athlete and provides solution for the problems.
  4. Teacher: A good leader in sports performs the role of a teacher by helping participants in developing teaching techniques, educate them and improve their range of styles.
  5. Psychologist: A good leader plays the role of a psychologist. He knows the mental skills and toughness of their players.
  6. Role model: As leader, you should be able to set a role model.

Behavior Change and Techniques /Stages for Physical Activity → The Stages of Behavior Changes:

  1. Precontemplation: Unaware of Problem
  2. Contemplation: Aware of problem and desired Behavior change
  3. Preparation: Intend to take Action
  4. Action: Practice to desired Behavior
  5. Maintenance: Work to Sustain the Behavior Change.

→ The Five Stages of Change: What Do You Mean By Leadership In Physical Education Creating leaders through physical education we can make leaders through physical education by adopting the following approach:

  1. One should be given responsibilities to organize and coordinate various events.
  2. Leadership training programs should be organized in form of classrooms and seminars.
  3. One should be provided opportunities to give his/her view
  4. Recognize achievements of one by facilitating them at different forms.
  5. Have faith and confidence in your students if they are defaulter.

Adventure Sports (a) Adventure Sports Meaning: Adventure sports are such type of sports, which involve extraordinary speed, height, physical exertion, and surprising stunts. Aims and Objectives of Adventure Sports • Aim of Adventure Sports: The main aim of adventure sports is to provide a carefully planned stimulating environment which will help each individual and excellent foundation for creative learning and independence.

  • To get thrilling experience
  • To have some fun in life
  • To get exposure to Nature
  • Self-assessment
  • Overcome fear and develop self confidence
  • Enhancement of decision making power
  • Channelizing energy
  • Stress buster
  • Information and knowledge enhancement
  • Development of positive attitude toward life
  • Build concentration
  • Encouragement of social relationship and teamwork
  • Develop motor and cognitive skills
  • Creative learning
  • Inculcate values amongest children

Types of Adventure Sports (a) Mountaineering: It includes sports activity carried out on Mountains or hilly areas. Some sports activities related to mountaineering are given below:

  • Mountaineering
  • Treakking
  • Mountain biking & cycling
  • Rock climbing

(b) Water Sports: It includes sports activities related to water.

  • Surfing
  • Extreme canoeing
  • Cliff diving
  • Barefoot water skiing
  • Windsurfing
  • Scuba diving
  • Rowing
  • Water Polo sports
  • River rafting

(c) Winter Sports: It includes sports activities related to snow.

  • Ice climbing
  • Ice Boating
  • Snow Boarding
  • Skiing
  • Snowmobiling
  • Helisking
  • Mountaineering
  • Sketting
  • Bobsledding

(d) Air Sports: Sports related to sky

  • Para-gliding
  • Hotair
  • Ballooning
  • Zip-fining
  • Bungee jumping
  • Base Jumping
  • Sky diving
  • Hang gliding
  • Sky surfing

Types of Activities Camping

  • Camping means going away temporarily to a place with temporary accommodation in form of tents
  • It is like going away from home to a new home (camp) with limited facilities. There are various types of camping such as scout camp, N.C.C. camp.
  • N.S.S. camp, Sports camp, adventure camp and social camp etc.

Rock Climbing

  • Rock climbing is a sport in which participants climbs up, down or across a natural rock or artificial rockwalls.
  • The objective or goal of a climber is to reach the end point or summit of a pre decided route without falling.
  • Different types of climbing are:- Aid climbing, free climbing, trad or traditional climbing “Sport climbing top rope climbing free soloing and bouldering.


  • Trekking means going for long and difficult journey by feet.
  • Trekking course often includes journey over mountainous regions or in woods.

→ Different types of trekking: (a) Easy trekking: The individuals especially the beginners are offered easy treks. (b) Moderates trekking: Moderates trekking are slightly difficult and challenging than easy treks. The one who have mastered easy treks should go for moderates trek.

River rafting is another adventure sport. It is a river journey under taken on a raft or boat made of inflatable material. The difficulty of river rafting is from grade I to VI.


  • Mountaineering is an adventurous sport that combines climbing and hiking up mountains or mountain terrains.
  • It prevailing all over the world and is one of the best adventurous activities.
  • It is one of the finest outdoor opportunities available to the lovers of high places.


  • Surfing is a surface water sport in which the wave rider, referred to as a surfer, rides on the forward or deep face of a moving wave which is usually carrying the surfer towards the shore.
  • Waves suitable for surfing are primarily found in the ocean, but can also be found in lakes or in rivers in the form of ‘a standing wave or tidal bore.
  • Surfers can also utilize artificial waves such as those from boat waves and the waves created in artificial wave pools.
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  • A person jumps from an aircraft or high place wearing a wide, rectangular, steerable parachute. Such kind of sports activities are known as Paragliding.
  • Paragliding is the recreational and competitive adventure sport of flying paragliders: lightweight, free-flying, foot-launched glider aircraft with no rigid primary structure.
  • The pilot sits in a harness suspended below a fabric wing comprising a large number of inter connected baffled cells.

Safety Measures During Adventure Sports Safety Measures for Camping:

  • Camping sight must be plain and clean
  • Mever approach wild animals
  • Always be alert and aware of your surroundings
  • Look out for snakes, spiders and other creatures
  • Protect your eyes
  • Maintain discipline
  • Be careful around water
  • Pay attention to weather condition etc.

Safety Measures for River Rafting:

  • Don’t go for river rafting alone.
  • It is better to have Swimming ability if one is going for River Rafting. Wear life vast and helmet. Check equipment for defects.
  • Raft only in day time.

Safety Measures for Surfing:

  • Read and obey the signs.
  • Don’t swim directly after meal.
  • Don’t swim under the influence of drugs or alcohol.
  • Always swim under supervision or with a friend.
  • Always swim or surf at places patrolled by surf lifesavers or life guard.

Safety Measures for Paragliding: → Paragliding safety includes four items: 1. Preparation (a) Gather information about the weather forcast, the actual wind conditions, the site etc. (b) Maintain your equipment with regular inspection and monitoring.2. A Good Launch A good launch requires keeping the legs down until well clear of the hill.3.

Reaching the landing zone with sufficient altitude for an approach During the flight, the number one goal should be to make sure and reach the Landing Zone (LZ) with enough altitude to assess wind conditions and plan a safe approach.4. A good Landing Landing in the LZ into or mostly wind is the priority.

Safety Measures during Physical Activities

  • One should increase level of our Physical activities from easy to moderate and then going to next level.
  • Difficult exercise should not be performed at once out of peer pressure.
  • We should consult to doctor in case of unusual strain due to physical activities.
  • Listen to the trainer (if any) properly and work accordingly.

Tips for avoiding Injuries during Physical Activities

  • Take 5 to 10 minutes to warm up and cool down properly.
  • Plan to start slowly and boost your activity level gradually.
  • Exercising vigorously in hot, humid conditions can lead to serious over heating and dehydration. Slow your pace when you feel exhausted.
  • Drink plenty of water during physical activity.
  • Dress properly during Physical activites for cold – weather workouts to avoid hypothermia.
  • Choose clothes and shoes designed for your type of exercise. Replace shoes every six months as cushioning wears out.
  • It should be according to Your Physical and Mental condition. Hold off on exercise when you are sick or feeling very fatigued.

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What you mean by leadership?

Leadership vs. Management: What’s the Difference? – Leaders and managers apply different approaches to achieve their goals. For example, managers seek compliance to rules and procedures, whereas leaders thrive on breaking the norm and challenging the status quo. Here’s how leadership and management are different from each other.
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What is importance of leadership in physical education?

Leadership in Physical education is very important so that so that he can lead and control the groups/ teams at play fields. He must be in position to guide the student to detect their physical defects. A good leader can make his students understand psychologically regarding the complexes on the playground.
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What is leadership in physical education class 12?

Answer. Leadership is the ability to build up confidence and zeal among people and to create an urge in them to be led. Question.
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What is the meaning of leadership in sports?

Leadership and the role of a leader in sports Successful teams have strong leaders and the importance of this role is evident in all categories of sports. The performance of a leader is very clear in interactive games and during matches. Although less obvious in co-active situations, the leader’s contribution to the effectiveness of a team’s performance is also influential.

Leadership maybe considered as a behavioural process that influences individuals and groups towards set goals. As such, a leader has the dual function of ensuring player satisfaction while steering the individual or group to success. The qualities of an effective leader: There are three traditional types of leadership used in sports varying from an amateur level up to the elite level.

Many coaches across team or individual sports will have characteristics from one of these styles if not all.

1) Autocratic Leaders2) Democratic Leaders3) Laissez-Faire Leaders

Firstly, the Autocratic style of leadership tends to make all the decisions and is motivated to complete the task as quickly and effectively as possible. This leadership style is ‘authoritarian’ and does not take into account the opinions or preferences of the group.

The autocratic leader will not delegate responsibility and focuses on group performance and achieving groups. This style would be most effective when quick decisions are needed for large groups/teams i.e. whole team warm up session, when groups are hostile and discipline is needed, in the cognitive stages of learning (Beginners).

Secondly, the Democratic style of leadership tends to share the decisions with the group and is often ready to delegate responsibility. This type of leadership believes in consultation and is interested in developing meaningful interpersonal relationships within the team.

  1. The belief is that is that by giving ‘ownership’ of the task to each individual, the group will work harder, developing unity and a common purpose.
  2. This style would be effective in a co-active game or when time constraints are not as exacting, personal support may be required, if groups are small and when in the autonomous stages of learning has been achieved (elite level).
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Thirdly, the laissez– faire style, the leader will stand aside and allow the group to make its own independent decisions. This style can happen automatically and will result in a loss of group direction if the leader is inadequate. Lewin (1985) found that when subjected to this style of leadership, group members were inclined to be aggressive towards each other and gave up easily when mistakes occur.

  • The characteristics adopted by the leader depends fundamentally upon the ‘favourableness’ of the situation.
  • As is seen in the table below, the most successful teams will have a strong leader, the task is clear and understood by the players and there is a positive relationship between leader and players.

Going back to the leadership styles, an autocratic leader will be most effective in both the most favourable and least favourable situations, whereas a democratic leader will be most effective in moderately favourable situations. From reading this article, you should understand how an important role leadership plays in sports, the different types of leadership and how each is suitable to different demands and situations.
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What is leadership and its types?

What is the Different Types of Leadership & Styles What Do You Mean By Leadership In Physical Education A leader is one who knows the way, goes the way, and shows the way – John C Maxwell There are multiple types of leadership styles such as Democratic, Bureaucratic, and Autocratic. Choose the type of leader you want to become. If someone asks you, ‘what is leadership’, what would your answer be? Think carefully before you answer because it will reveal what kind of a leader you are or want to be, and the leadership styles you want to undertake going forward.

There are multiple types of leadership styles. Your personality and the way you want to lead your team will help you realize which of the leadership styles you want to choose from. The longer a person leads teams and processes in a company, the better equipped they will be at understanding the leadership styles that suit them the most.

Understanding the types of leadership and various leadership styles can add a lot of value to the impact that leaders can create on their organisations. Let us first understand, followed by the types of leadership, different leadership styles and career opportunities.
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What is leadership give example?

What Are Some Different Leadership Styles? – There are different ways to be an effective leader. One is to lead by example, showing others how to proceed and coaching them. Another is to delegate tasks to others based on their skills and experience. A third is to direct others from a position of authority. Finally, a good leader can be supportive and help team members achieve their goals.
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What is leadership short essay?

Long Essay on Leadership in English – Find long essay on leadership of 600 words in the English language meant for school going students Leadership Essay Introduction: Leadership is defined by how well you lead a team into the goals and objectives set by you.

  • Leadership is also defined by the clarity and quality of goals that you set for your followers.
  • It is not easy being a leader.
  • A leader is simply not someone who will please everyone on his way.
  • A leader is someone who has the courage and intent of mind to take tough decisions even if it brings harm to his followers but is in the direction of fulfilling the goals.

Not all leaders are loved by their followers. There will always be someone in the population that are not happy with the leader or his or her decisions and style of leadership. If a leader tries to please everyone in the population, then he or she will become gullible and be known as a weak leader.
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Why is leadership important in simple words?

Why Is Leadership Important? – Leadership is important because it inspires, motivates, and sets an example for people to accomplish positive changes in the world. Leaders establish a vision, provide a plan of action, and build strong relationships with their followers.
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What is leadership and why is it important?

Leadership is a vital management function that helps to direct an organization’s resources for improved efficiency and the achievement of goals. Effective leaders provide clarity of purpose, motivate and guide the organization to realize its mission.
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What are the 7 importance of leadership?

Motivation – A leader must be able to motivate their team. A team that is easily motivated will overcome obstacles to achieve goals. A good leader will understand the different needs of each team member and knows ways to satisfy them. By creating a great environment, it will support and encourage team members. How to motivate:

When people believe in what they are doing, they feel good about their work Reward team members for their work Don’t reward the wrong people or team members won’t value the reward Provide clear direction and purpose

Identify what motivates your team and provide them with a reward system that they will value. Make team members feel important and treat them with respect. Praise team members when they achieve desired goals and targets.
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What is leadership mean PDF?

In its most basic form, leadership is defined as the art of moving others to want to struggle for shared aspirations. Therefore, a leader is an individual who possesses the ability to encourage, motivate and/or influence others.
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What is leadership as a student?

Student Leadership is a student in the position to influence, motivate, and guide others toward achievement of a goal. The student must be in an elected or appointed position of leadership and serve for a minimum of one academic year.
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What are types of leadership in physical education?

The leadership quality in physical education is as below:1. Energetic 2. Friendliness and Affection 3. Decisiveness 4.
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What is good leadership?

Good leaders possess self-awareness, garner credibility, focus on relationship-building, have a bias for action, exhibit humility, empower others, stay authentic, present themselves as constant and consistent, become role models and are fully present.
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