## Speed Can Be Divided Into How Many Parts Physical Education?

Types of Speed: – 1) Movement speed: It is the ability to do a movement in minimum time. It depends upon technique, explosive strength, flexibility and coordinative abilities.2) Locomotor ability: It is the ability to maintain maximum speed for a maximum time or distance.

#### How many types of speed are there in physical education?

Types of speed: Speed is an essential component of physical fitness that helps an individual to perform well in sports. There are five types of speed as under: a Reaction ability b Movement speed c Acceleration d Locomotor ability e Speed endurance a Reaction ability: It is the ability to respond quickly to a stimulus.

### What is the speed in physical education?

Speed – Definition: The ability to move all or part of the body as quickly as possible. Examples: Speed is important in sprinting, speed skating, sprint cycling and sports such as tennis when a player has to move forward quickly from the baseline to reach a drop shot close to the net.

### What are the 4 units of speed?

Kilometres per hour (symbol km/h); miles per hour (symbol mi/h or mph); knots (nautical miles per hour, symbol kn or kt); feet per second (symbol fps or ft/s);

## What are 3 ways to measure speed?

Speedometer Clocks. Radar. Average Speed Computers. LIDAR (Light Detection and Ranging)

## What are the 3 formulas for speed?

The formula can be rearranged in three ways: speed = distance ÷ time. distance = speed × time. time = distance ÷ speed.

#### How many types of speed name them?

The rate of change of position of an object in any direction is called the speed of that object. There are four types of speed which are u niform speed, variable speed, average speed, and instantaneous speed.

#### What are the main components of speed?

Components are important when training for speed: strength & power, flexibility, muscle endurance, and technique. If one of these components is neglected maximum speed cannot be attained. Significant improvements in speed are usually not seen until after at least six weeks of hard work.

### What are the 3 components of fitness?

When you exercise, chances are you either run, walk, run/jog, swim, take a yoga class, weight train, or play some sort of sport, in and of itself. However, did you know that there are actually three components to a well-balanced exercise routine? Just walking, running, or swimming will not meet all three components and, therefore, is not considered a balanced routine.

#### What is speed in physical components?

What is Speed, Agility, and Quickness (SAQ) Training? – Speed is defined as the ability to move the body in one direction as fast as possible. Agility is the ability to accelerate, decelerate, stabilize, and quickly change directions with proper posture.

### What is speed class 12 physical education?

Physical Education Class 12 Notes Chapter 12 Training in Sports – Sports Training Training is a process of preparing an individual for any event, activity or job. Usually in sports, we use the term sports training, which denotes the sense of preparing sports persons for the highest level of performance.

1. Personality development
2. Physical fitness and development
3. Skill/Technique development
4. Tactical development
5. Mental Training
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Strength Strength is the ability of a muscle to exert force in single muscle contraction or it is the ability to overcome resistance. Strength is an essential component of physical fitness. Types of strength are

1. Maximum strength
2. Explosive strength
3. Strength endurance
4. Static strength
• Training Methods for Improving Strength Training methods for improving strength are
• (i) Isometric Exercises
• Advantages of isometric exercises are as follows

An isometric contraction occurs when there is tension on a muscle but no movement is made, causing the length of the muscle to remain the same. These isometric exercises were first introduced by Hettinger and Muller (1953). Examples of these exercises are pressing or pushing a wall, lifting a very heavy weight, holding a static position, pulling the rope in tug-of-wall etc.

• Develops static strength.
• Need less time.
• Can be performed anywhere because no equipment is required.

Disadvantages of isometric exercises are as follows

• Muscles gain most strength at the angle used in exercise.
• Avoid if you have heart problems as they cause a rise in blood pressure due to a drop in blood flow to the muscle during the contraction.
• Develops dynamic strength.

(ii) Isotonic Exercises Isotonic exercise is a form of exercise which involves controlled contraction and extension of muscles and mobilisation of the joints around those muscles. Examples include a push-up or squat. These were developed by De Loone (1954). Isotonic exercises are of two types Advantages of isotonic exercises are as follows

• Strengthens the muscle throughout the range of motion.
• Can be adapted easily to suit different sports. Disadvantages of isotonic exercises are as follows
• Muscle soreness after exercise because of the high stress level.
• Muscles gain the dynamic strength when they are at their weakest point of action.

(iii) Isokinetic Exercises Isokinetic exercises are performed on specially designed machines. These exercises were developed by Perrine in 1968. In these exercises, there is movement along with continuous tension in both flexor and extensor muscles e.g. swimming, cycling etc. Advantages of isokinetic exercises are as follows

• They develop a high level of dynamic as well as explosive strength.
• These are effective for almost every game.

Disadvantages of isokinetic exercises are as follows

• They require special types of equipment.
• They must be performed under observation of a coach.

Endurance Endurance is the ability to do sports movements with the desired quality and speed under conditions of fatigue. Types of endurance are

1. Aerobic Endurance Aerobic means ‘with oxygen’ During aerobic work, the body is working at a level that the demands for oxygen and fuel can be met by the body’s intake.
2. Anaerobic Endurance During anaerobic (without oxygen) work involving maximum effort, the body is working so hard that the demands for oxygen and fuel exceed the rate of supply and the muscles have to rely on the stored reserves of fuel.
3. Speed Endurance Speed endurance is used to develop the coordination of muscle contraction.
4. Strength Endurance Strength endurance is used to develop the athlete’s capacity to maintain the quality of his muscles’ contractile force.

Advantages of endurance are as follows

• Needs only a small amount of easy to use, accessible equipment, if any.
• Good for aerobic fitness.
• Good for losing weight.

Disadvantages of endurance are as follows

• Can be boring.
• Does not improve anaerobic fitness, so it is not as good for team games like football or hockey which involve short bursts of speed.

Training Method for Endurance Development Methods for endurance development are

1. Continuous Training
2. Interval Training
3. Fartlek Training

Advantages of training method for endurance development are as follows

• It is good for increasing strength and cardio respiratory endurance.
• Several athletics can take part in the training programme at a time.
• It does not require any equipment and can be organised easily.
• This training method is not rigid; it is flexible in nature.

Disadvantages of training method for endurance development are as follows

• The trainee does very hard training which is sometimes difficult to see his/her efforts making.
• Sometimes the athlete is likely to drop efforts.
• As it is not pre-planned so it may cause accidents.
• An appropriate check on trainees cannot be maintained.
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Speed It is the ability to cover distance in minimum possible time or the ability to perform movement in the shortest possible time. It is the quickness of movement of body parts. Speed used in endurance is called speed endurance. It is the ability to do work faster. Different types of speed are

1. Maximum speed
2. Explosive speed (power)
3. Speed endurance

Training Methods for Speed Development A speed development programme can be framed according to need, level and training state of the players.

1. Acceleration Run Acceleration runs are usually adopted to develop speed specially in attaining maximum speed from a stationary position.
2. Pace Races or Run Pace races mean running the whole distance of a race at a constant speed. In pace races, an athlete runs the race with uniform speed, generally 800 m and above.

Flexibility and Its Methods Flexibility is, the ability to perform a joint action through a range of movements. It is needed to perform everyday, activities with relative ease. Flexibility tends to deteriorate with age. Without adequate flexibility, daily activities are more difficult to perform.

1. Passive flexibility
2. Active flexibility

Methods of flexibility development are as follows

1. Ballistic Method It is the oldest form of doing stretching exercises. This method involves jerk in movement.
2. Slow Stretching Method In this method the muscle or joint involved is stretched to the maximum possible limit using slow movement.
3. Slow Stretching and Holding Method It is the extension of slow stretching method.
4. Post-Isometric Stretching This method of-flexibility development is based on the principle of proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation.

Coordination Coordination is one of the main components of physical fitness. It is the ability to perform smooth and accurate movements involving different parts of the body. It requires good awareness of relative limb and body positions, and good integration between the senses and muscles involved in the movement. Different types of coordinative abilities are

1. Differentiation ability
2. Orientation ability
3. Coupling ability
4. Reaction ability
5. Balance ability
6. Rhythm ability

Circuit Training It is a form of body conditioning or resistance training using high intensity aerobics. It targets strength building and muscular endurance. Activities in circuit training are step ups, stomach crunch, squat ups, jogging, skipping etc. Impact of circuit training are

• Get maximum result in minimum time.
• Increases rate of metabolism.
• Enhances cardiovascular fitness.
• Enhances muscle endurance.
• Helps in strength training.

We hope the given CBSE Class 12 Physical Education Notes Chapter 12 Training in Sports and Sports will help you. If you have any query regarding NCERT Physical Education Class 12 Notes Chapter 12 Training in Sports and Sports, drop a comment below and we will get back to you at the earliest. : Class 12 Physical Education Notes Chapter 12 Training in Sports

### What are 2 types of speed?

When we say something is fast, what does that mean? In my experience, there are two types of speed: velocity and agility. To be successful and fast, you need to be skilled at both. Velocity is expressed through efficiency improvements. Shortening meetings, decreasing the amount of copies made, reducing the number of people working on a project – these are all examples of increased velocity.

Generally, people waste so much time that I almost wonder if it wouldn’t be safe to say that many are wasting 70% of each day. Fast means you must eliminate waste. I don’t just mean once. Like trash, waste is something that must be thrown out over and over again. Throw it out in the morning, and you will come home to new waste at night.

Waste is a monster which lowers the efficiency of the workplace. Waste slows your judgment. Do away with waste, and your ability to make firm decisions will speed up. This alone is enough to speed up everything you do in your job. Agility, the other type of speed, is the speed at which you act after you have decided something.

Once you have decided to do something, do it quickly. Agility is particularly useful when you are changing the direction of your work. Since you are going in a different direction from the one that you have been going in until now, naturally, you lose a lot of steam. And the anxiety and fear of changing direction only serves to worsen the matter.

Anxiety and fear only cloud your mind. The best thing to do is to act. To act is to think. In order to think, I act. That is why whenever I start something new – I dive straight into it. There is nothing you can do about worrying. All you can do is act. Before anything else, begin to run toward your goals.

Other people will run with all their might to catch up. I believe that my team works at its fastest when everyone is trying to catch up with me. In an incredibly short time I can bring people up to top speed. That kind of agility is a vital skill for an organization. Even in failure, an organization that moves fast can quickly correct any mistake.

Velocity and agility: the two kinds of speed. Any truly excellent company encourages both.

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## What is the meaning of 5 speed?

1. ( in an automotive vehicle or bicycle) a transmission or system of gears having five forward gear ratios.2. an automotive vehicle or bicycle having such a transmission or system of gears.

## What is the basic of speed?

Answer : The basic unit of speed is metre per second or metre/second. The SI unit of distance measurement is metre(m) and time is second(s). Speed is equivalent to distance divided by time. Hence, the SI unit of measurement of speed is metre/second.

#### What is the unit rate of speed?

A unit rate is the amount of one quantity for every 1 unit of another quantity. Some examples of constant speed unit rates are miles per hour, kilometers per second, and meters per second. Divide the numerator of a fraction by the denominator to find the unit rate.

#### Is a unit of speed *?

Speed is the distance per unit time which is represented by km/h (kilometers per hour).

## How many types of speed name them?

The rate of change of position of an object in any direction is called the speed of that object. There are four types of speed which are u niform speed, variable speed, average speed, and instantaneous speed.

### What are the different types of speed in sport?

Everyone knows speed is an important part of performance, but what is sport specific speed? As an athlete reaches higher levels of sport, the speed of the game increases. However, the type of speed can also become more specific. It doesn’t take a pro coach or biomechanist to see that sport specific speed is more than running in a straight line.

## What is speed class 12 physical education?

Isokinetic exercise – These exercise are performed on specially designed machines.These exercies are developed by Perrine in 1968. In these exercise, contraction of muscles applies maximum force only at a particular angle of its range of movement, wheras, in isokinetic exercise contraction of force throughout the complete range of movement,

These exercie involve a specific type of muscle contraction which is not involved in games and sports like rowing and swimming. Speed, its types and method of development Speed is the rate of motion, or the rate of change of position. It is expressed as distance moved per unit of time. Speed is measured in the same physical units of measurement as velocity.

Speed is defined as the ability of an individual to perform similar movements consecutively at Fastest rate, e.g., short distance races like 100 metres and 200 metres. Speed as the capacity of an individual to perform successive movement of the same pattern at a fast rate.