Explain How Environmental Education Is Needed For General Public?


Explain How Environmental Education Is Needed For General Public
What is Environmental Education? | US EPA Official websites use,gov A,gov website belongs to an official government organization in the United States. Secure,gov websites use HTTPS A lock ( A locked padlock ) or https:// means you’ve safely connected to the,gov website. Share sensitive information only on official, secure websites. Related Topics: Environmental education is a process that allows individuals to explore environmental issues, engage in problem solving, and take action to improve the environment.

Awareness and sensitivity to the environment and environmental challenges Knowledge and understanding of the environment and environmental challenges Attitudes of concern for the environment and motivation to improve or maintain environmental quality Skills to identify and help resolve environmental challenges Participation in activities that lead to the resolution of environmental challenges

Environmental education does not advocate a particular viewpoint or course of action. Rather, environmental education teaches individuals how to weigh various sides of an issue through critical thinking and it enhances their own problem-solving and decision-making skills.

Increases public awareness and knowledge of environmental issues

Provides facts or opinions about environmental issues

Does teach individuals critical-thinking

Does not necessarily teach individuals critical-thinking

Does enhance individuals’ problem-solving and decision-making skills

Does not necessarily enhance individuals’ problem-solving and decision-making skills

Does not advocate a particular viewpoint

May advocate a particular viewpoint

to ask a question, provide feedback, or report a problem. Last updated on July 28, 2022 : What is Environmental Education? | US EPA
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What are the five importance of environmental education?

Responsible action is taken to better the environment – EE helps students understand how their decisions and actions affect the environment, builds knowledge and skills necessary to address complex environmental issues, as well as ways we can take action to keep our environment healthy and sustainable for the future. Service-learning programs offered by PLT and other EE organizations provide students and teachers with support through grants and other resources for action projects.

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    What is the need of public in environment?

    Public awareness and knowledge of environmental protection are crucial to avoid environmental pollutions. Lack of relevant scientific principles and lack of public awareness of environmental or other projects are hindrances to controlling environmental pollution.
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    What is environment give the scope importance and need for public awareness on environment?

    E.S. – Definition, scope & importance, need for public awareness DEFINITION OF ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE The word environment is derived from the french word ‘environner’ meaning surroundings. Hence, everything surrounding us is called “ENVIRONMENT”. Every organism is surrounded by materials and forces that constitute its environment.

    It is the environment from where every organism must derive its requirement. The environment creates favourable conditions for the existence and development of living organisms. The survival of any organism requires a steady supply of materials and removal of waste products from its environment. The degradation of the environment has become a serious problem for the existence of human beings.

    Pollution of soil, water and air causes harm to living organisms as well as loss to valuable natural resources. Environmental studies involves educating the people for preserving the quality of environment. The scope of environmental science includes: 1.

    Developing an awareness and sensitivity to the total environment and its related problems 2. Motivating people for active participation in environmental protection and improvement 3. Developing skills for active identification and development of solutions to environmental problems 4. Imbibe and inculcate the necessity for conservation of natural resources 5.

    Evaluation of environmental programmes in terms of social, economic, ecological and aesthetic factors.

    IMPORTANCE OF ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE NEED FOR PUBLIC AWARENESS: Both formal and informal education on the environment will give the interested individual the knowledge, values, skills and tools needed to face the environmental challenges on a local and global level.

    In the industrialized era that we live today, every component that we intake – be it, air, water or food are contaminated by industrial activities. THERE IS NO ZERO POLLUTION. To minimize this problem, knowledge of environmental studies is essential. An in-dept study of environmental studies will help us in the following ways: 1.

    We will begin to appreciate and adopt the idea of “DEVELOPMENT WITHOUT DESTRUCTION OF THE ENVIRONMENT” 2. Knowledge about “VARIOUS TYPES OF ENVIRONMENTS & DIFFERENT ENVIRONMENTAL HAZARDS” 3. Playing an effective role in protecting the environment by “DEMANDING CHANGES IN LAW AND ENFORCEMENT SYSTEMS”.4.

    Having a “POSITIVE IMPACT” on “QUALITY OF LIFE”.5. Creating a “CONCERN AND RESPECT FOR THE ENVIRONMENT”. Increasing population, Urbanization and poverty have generated pressure on the natural resources and lead to a degradation of the environment. TO PREVENT THE ENVIRONMENT FROM FURTHER DEGRADATION, the supreme court has ordered and initiated environmental protection awareness through government and non-government agencies to take part in protecting our environment.

    Environmental pollution cannot prevented by laws alone. Public participation is equally important with regard to environmental protection. Environmental Education (EE) is a process of learning by giving an overall perspective of knowledge and awareness of the environment. It sensitizes the society about environmental issues and challenges interested individuals to develop skills and expertise thereby providing appropriate solutions.

    Climate change, loss of biodiversity, declining fisheries, ozone layer depletion, illegal trade of endangered species, destruction of habitats, land degradation, depleting ground water supplies, introduction of alien species, environmental pollution, solid waste disposal, storm water and sewage disposal pose a serious threat to ecosystems in forest, rural, urban and marine ecosystems.
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    Why is there a need for public awareness?

    Awareness-raising is a process that seeks to inform and educate people about a topic or issue with the intention of influencing their attitudes, behaviours and beliefs towards the achievement of a defined purpose or goal. Principles of Awareness Raising. UNESCO: Bangkok, p.11-12. “> 1 It can mobilize the power of public opinion in support of an issue and thereby influence the political will of decision makers.2 There are multiple awareness-raising strategies, methods and tools that can be used to convey and spread messages, and to gather the support necessary to influence public opinion. Depending on the topic, awareness-raising efforts may include the following activities: issuing press releases, briefings and commentaries; disseminating reports, studies and publications; making written or oral submissions to parliamentary committees and inquiries; working with the media; holding public meetings and events; convening conferences and workshops; and creating and contributing to educational materials.3 Information may be disseminated through a range of different means or tools such as radio, television, video, film, the internet, social media, mobile phones, newspapers, newsletters, leaflets, poster campaigns and the arts. A variety of visual tools such as stickers, logos, t-shirts, armbands, bracelets and banners also may be used.4 UNDP and DCAF (2008).p.80.5 Awareness-raising and dissemination of information about the SDGs is critical to create an enabling environment for accountability, promote participatory and inclusive processes for follow-up and review, and build ownership of the 2030 Agenda.6 For example, awareness-raising can be used to promote an understanding of existing laws and rights in relation to the SDGs as well as opportunities to participate in public consultations on SDG implementation and review – including in relation to Voluntary National Reviews (VNRs). Raising awareness of the SDGs among the general public – including awareness of specific SDG targets – is necessary in order for citizens to be able to hold their government accountable for the 2030 Agenda. All people – including marginalized and vulnerable groups – should be aware of and understand the commitments their government has made under the 2030 Agenda and how they can meaningfully engage in SDG implementation and accountability processes. Raising public awareness of the SDGs is also essential to foster the political and social change needed to achieve the ambitious agenda. There are a number of actions that CSOs can take to raise awareness of the SDGs in order to further accountability for the 2030 Agenda, including the following: 1. Develop an awareness-raising strategy – As a starting point, CSOs should consider developing an awareness-raising strategy 7 that includes the following components:

    Goal or problem to be addressed – The long-term outcome you wish to achieve and/or the problem you wish to address; Objectives – The short-term outcomes you wish to achieve; Target groups – The relevant groups or individuals you wish to target with your messages; Messages – The key and consistent messages you wish to convey to raise awareness; Methods, tactics or activities to raise awareness – Consider the most effective methods or tools to deliver your messages on the SDGs to your target group(s); and Monitoring and evaluation plan – This plan should assess whether progress is being made towards meeting the objectives and goal and, if not, what adjustments need to be made to ensure success.8

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    How can the public protect the environment?

    Reduce, reuse, and recycle. Cut down on what you throw away. Follow the three ‘R’s’ to conserve natural resources and landfill space.
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    What is the importance of the environment in the development of the society?

    Importance of Environment – Environment plays an important role in healthy living and the existence of life on planet earth. Earth is a home for different living species and we all are dependent on the environment for food, air, water, and other needs. Therefore, it is important for every individual to save and protect our environment.
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    What is the importance of environment in human life essay?

    The environment gives us countless benefits that we can’t repay our entire life. As they are connected with the forest, trees, animals, water, and air. The forest and trees filter the air and absorb harmful gases. Plants purify water, reduce the chances of flood maintain natural balance and many others.
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    What are the 3 importance of environmental education?

    What is Environmental Education? – More than just promoting nature, the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) defines environmental education as “a process that allows individuals to explore environmental issues, engage in problem-solving, and take action to improve the environment.” Kids are encouraged to research, investigate how and why things happen, and form their own opinions on complex issues rather than just being told information.

    Environmental education promotes critical and creative thinking skills and inspires kids to become more engaged with their communities. It helps kids understand why the environment is important and provides them with the building blocks they need to live eco-friendly and sustainable lives. Rubicon’s annual Trick or Trash™ Halloween recycling campaign couples the recycling of candy wrappers with long-term recycling awareness in kids.

    Each year we create educational materials to bring to life the importance of recycling and waste diversion, while introducing the concept of the “circular economy,” an important evolution of today’s mainstream “take-make-waste” production model. Here are four reasons why environmental education is important for kids:
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    What are the three main goals of environmental education?

    The goals of environmental education are: –

    to foster clear awareness of, and concern about, economic, social, political, and ecological interdependence in urban and rural areas; to provide every person with opportunities to acquire the knowledge, values, attitudes, commitment, and skills needed to protect and improve the environment; to create new patterns of behavior of individuals, groups, and society as a whole towards the environment.

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    What is the 7 significant reasons of environmental studies?

    Gain a better understanding of the world around you – What happens to the garbage we put on the curb? How do soil microbes affect the health of people? How will climate change influence the animals around us? How does environmental policy impact sustainability and alternative energy? Environmental studies, as opposed to environmental science, gives you a more complete understanding of the role of people in critical environmental issues and how they can be mobilized to help solve problems. NIU’s full-service greenhouse provides a green laboratory for faculty and students
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    Why is there a need for us to have environmental awareness?

    Environmental awareness is critical because it can help to minimise pollution and global warming. It can also lead to a more sustainable world by promoting renewable resources such as solar, wind, and water.
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    What is environmental education discuss its aims and importance?

    Untitled Document

    Environmental Education in school Curriculum an overall perspective
    G.V.Gopal and V.V. Anand, Regional institute of education, Mysore-6


  • The National Curriculum framework ( NCF) 2005 and its overall perspective of environmental education a resume – and its treatment in different levels of school textbooks of different states and CBSE boards were analyzed an overall view and strategies of implementation are presented in this paper. NCF envisages a structure that articulates required experiences and address some basic questions like
  • (a) What educational purposes should the schools seek to achieve?
  • (b) What educational experiences in EE can be provided that help to achieve these goals?
  • (c) How these educational experiences can be meaningfully organised to achieve the objectives.
  • (d) How do we ensure that these educational purposes are indeed being accomplished?
  • Status of environmental education in school education
  • The education system in India had incorporated certain aspects of environment in school curricula as early as 1930. The Kothari commission (1964-66) also suggested that basic education had to offer EE and relate it to the life needs and aspirations of the people and the nation.

    At the primary stage, the report recommended that ” the aims of teaching science in the primary schools should be to develop proper understanding of the main facts, concepts, principles and processes in physical and biological environment” Environmental education at primary, secondary, higher secondary levels was treated in a different way.

    Environmental education is an essential part of every pupil’s learning. It helps to encourage awareness of the environment, leading to informed concern for active participation in resolving environmental problems. It was introduced without any delay from class –1 as EVS, as a subject so that right from their childhood, the right attitudes towards environment will be nurtured in the young minds.

    It is important that we capture this enthusiasm and that no opportunity is lost to develop knowledge, understanding and concern for the environment through school education. The curricular, cross-curricular attempt of environmental education also should be a joy for the learner. In this direction, NCERT has published in collaboration with the Centre for Environmental Education, Ahemadabad a book titled “Joy of learning” with lot of environmental activities, a handbook for teachers.

    Similarly, several workshops were conducted to orient school teachers and educational functionaries of the state boards on various aspects of environmental education. Strategies for successful implementation of EE in schools were discussed in detail in these interactions.

    1. A curricular framework of environmental education:-
    2. • It envisages the place of EE in the school curriculum.
    3. • Place of EE vis-à-vis other subjects of study.
    4. • Mode and strategy of inclusion of chapters at different levels.
    5. • EE in terms of time and allocation of marks.
    6. • Development of syllabi and instructional material for dissemination at different levels of school education.

    In order to supplement the analysis of individual and institutional consultations it was decided to organise two face-to-face National Consultations on Environmental Education in Schools. The First Consultation on the academic aspects of Environmental Education (EE) in schools was organised by NCERT on 13-14 February 2004 in New Delhi,

    Seventy participants comprising eminent scientists, environmentalists, officials of central and state govt. departments dealing with environment, senior academicians attached to Departments/Centres of environmental studies, environmental science, environmental ecology, botany, regional development, geography, marine biology, etc.

    of different universities, teacher educators, principals of teacher training colleges, prominent Non-Governmental Organisations (NGOs) and NCERT faculty took part in deliberations. The second consultation on the implementation of EE in schools was held on 13th March 2004,

    1. Seventy-two officials comprising Presidents/Chairpersons of Boards/Councils of school education, Directors of State Councils of Educational Research and Training (SCERTs), Directors of Education in the states, eminent scientists, environmentalists and NCERT faculty participated.
    2. The initial draft prepared by NCERT faculty presented in the First Consultation was revised as per the suggestions received.

    This revised version was presented in the Second Consultation and suggestions for further improvement were received. Various issues were deliberated in these Consultations through plenary presentation, open house discussion, interaction in groups and consolidation of recommendations.

    • Aims & Objectives of environmental education:-
    • The objectives of environmental education is to increase public awareness about environmental issues, explore possible solutions, and to lay the foundations for a fully informed and active participation of individual in the protection of environment and the prudent and rational use of natural resources. The resolutions provide the following guiding principles for environmental education:
    • • The environment as a common heritage of mankind.
    • • The common duty of maintaining, protecting & improving the quality of environment, as a contribution to the protection of human health and safeguarding the ecological balance;
    • • The need for a prudent and rational utilisation of resources;
    • • The way in which each individual can, by his own behavior and action, contribute to the protection of environment;
    • • The long-term aims of environmental education are to improve management of environment and provide satisfactory solutions to environmental issues.
    • • Provide opportunities to acquire the knowledge, values, attitudes, commitment and skills needed to protect and improve the environment.
    • • Encourage pupils to examine and interpret the environment from a variety of perspectives-physical, geographical, biological, sociological, economic, political, technological, historical, esthetic and ethical.
    • • Arouse pupil’s awareness and curiosity about the environment and encourage active participation in resolving environmental problems.
    • • Environmental education is closely linked to the other cross circular themes of other subject areas.
    • For effective transaction of environmental education following objectives related to knowledge, skill, and attitudes are essential:
    • Knowledge :-
    • As a basis for making informed judgments about the environment people should develop knowledge and understanding of
    • • The natural processes which take place in the environment.
    • • The impact of human activities on the environment.
    • • The comparison between different environments both in the past and present.

    • Environmental issues such as: (i) The greenhouse effect. (ii) Acid rain and (iii) Air pollution.

    1. • Local, national and international legislative controls to protect and manage the environment;
    2. • How policies and decisions are made about the environment.
    3. • How human life and livelihood are dependent on the environment.
    4. • The conflicts, which can arise about environmental issues like river water sharing.
    5. • How the environment has been effected owing to past decisions and actions.
    6. • The importance of planning and design and an esthetic consideration.
    7. • The importance of effective action to protect and manage the environment.
    8. Skills:-
    9. Six crosses curricular skills have been identified which are necessary for environmental education.
    10. They are:-
    11. • Communication skills.
    12. • Numerical skills.
    13. • Study skills.
    14. • Problem solving skills.
    15. • Personal skills.
    16. • Social skills & information technology skills.
    17. Attitudes:-
    18. Promoting positive attitudes towards the environment is essential if pupils/students are to value it and understand their role in safeguarding it for the future.
    19. Encouraging the development of attitudes in personal qualities listed below will contribute to the process.
    20. • Appreciations of care and concern for environment.
    21. • Concern for other living things on earth.
    22. • Independent thought on environmental issues.
    23. • Respect for others opinion.
    24. • Respect for rational argument and evidence.
    25. • Tolerance to face others views.
    26. Environmental education can be thought of as comprising three linked components:
    27. • Education about the environments (Knowledge).
    28. • Education for the environment (Values, Attitudes & Positive actions).
    29. • Education through the environment (A Resource).

    Environmental education is a process that aims at the development of environmentally literate citizens who can compete in global economy, who have the skills and knowledge and inclinations to make well informed choices concerning the environment, and who exercise the rights and responsibilities of the members of a community.

    Environmental knowledge contributes to an understanding and appreciation of the society, technology and productivity and conservation of natural and cultural resources of their own environment. Environmental education has an ability to solve the societal needs, the needs of a community problem and their solutions and workforce for tackling cooperative minds.

    We need the school children to share and develop the motivation from school about various environmental issues, which are the challenges of today and prepare them for the future. Environmental education must become a vehicle for engaging young minds in the excitement of first hand observation of the nature and understanding the patterns and processes in the natural and social worlds in order to take care of the habitat and its surroundings which becomes a major part of EE in both primary and upper primary stages of school education.

    In the secondary and senior secondary stages also some of the major issues such as environmental protection, management and conservation are to be dealt in more detail. Primary stage :- EE is imparted as EVS, which forms a common component of syllabus, prescribed by the States and CBSE. In Karnataka textbooks and workbooks from classes I to IV, environmental studies are in use.

    The textbooks for environmental studies which are prepared by N.C.E.R.T has taken cross curricular approach to teaching environmental concepts through language, mathematics about the environment. In classes I and II there is no separate EVS book. For classes III and IV, EVS textbooks are available.

    • The contents and concepts covered in these books are as follows:
    • • Familiarisation with one’s own body;
    • • Awareness about immediate surroundings;
    • • Need for food, water, air, shelter, clothing and recreation;
    • • Importance of trees and plants;
    • • Familiarisation with local birds, animals and other objects;
    • • Interdependence of living and non-living things;
    • • Importance of cleanliness and sanitation;
    • • Importance of celebration of festivals and national days;
    • • Awareness of sunlight, rain and wind;
    • • Caring for pet animals;
    • • Awareness about air, water, soil and noise pollution;
    • • Need for the protection of environment;
    • • Knowledge about the source of energy;
    • • Importance of the conservation of water resources and forests and
    • • Indigenous and traditional knowledge about the protection of environment.

    The textbooks lay emphasis on raising awareness levels and sensitising children about environmental concerns. Emphasis has also been laid on the need to organise learning in local specific contexts, which will provide more meaningful experiences to children.

    Aspects of indigenous knowledge have also been introduced. There are references and suggestions for conducting activities in and outside the classroom. The NCERT textbooks for environmental studies generally take a comprehensive view of the natural, physical, social and cultural environment. It is evident that the textbooks represent relevant ideas commensurate with the age and developmental level of children so as to provide them the necessary understanding about their immediate environment.

    However, there is a scope for inclusion of more activities to enable children to translate awareness into effective behavioral action. Upper Primary stage:- The contents of textbooks present an extension and elaboration of the concepts introduced at the primary stage.

    The textbooks in Rajasthan and Madhya Pradesh (Classes VI-VIII) and in Karnataka (Classes V-VII) contain environmental concepts by and large in the textbooks of science and social science. The textbooks of Karnataka for class V in the subjects of science, social science and language have environmental ideas infused with these subjects.

    The State of Orissa, deals with the environmental concepts and concerns in its textbooks for science and geography. These are also included in a single textbook of history and civics. The NCERT textbooks of ‘Science’ and ‘Social Science’ have incorporated such concepts in the textbooks,

    1. The major concepts dealt with in these textbooks are:
    2. • Adaptation of living beings in environment;
    3. • Natural resources;
    4. • Water cycle;
    5. • Food chain;
    6. • Importance of plants and trees in keeping the environment clean;
    7. • Classification of plants;
    8. • Role of plants and animals in environmental balance and soil conservation;
    9. • Ecosystems;
    10. • Necessity of clean air for healthy living;
    11. • Animals and their characteristics;
    12. • Effects of environmental pollution and the consequences of air pollution-(i) Greenhouse effect, (ii) Ozone layer depletion and, (iii) increase in carbon dioxide;
    13. • Role of microorganisms in the environment;
    14. • Dependence of the community on the environment;
    15. • Basic knowledge about the Earth and its atmosphere;
    16. • Physical features of the country;
    17. • Population and environment;
    18. • Care and protection of livestock;
    19. • Necessity of wildlife protection;
    20. • Impact of deforestation;
    21. • Impact of industrialisation on environment; and
    22. • Role of civic society in protection of the environment, personal and public property including monuments.

    While most of the areas of EE have generally been covered, there is a need for the inclusion of more individual and group activities and project work in order to promote both the effective and cognitive domains of learning. Co-scholastic activities including organisation of plays, cultural programs, debates, mock parliament, discussions and community activities may help further in achieving the objective.

    Secondary stage : The concepts of EE have been provided in the textbooks of science and social sciences in the states of Rajasthan and Madhya Pradesh. In Orissa, there are textbooks, namely science part-I (physical science), Science part-II (biological sciences) and geography. The environmental concepts both are at concrete and abstract levels.

    The concepts covered are:

    • • Biosphere;
    • • Greenhouse effect;
    • • Ozone layer depletion;
    • • Use of fertilisers and pesticides;
    • • Wildlife protection;
    • • Soil chemistry;
    • • Management of domestic and industrial waste;
    • • Pollution of noise, air, water ad soil and control measures;
    • • Ecosystem;
    • • Management of non-degradable substances;
    • • Edible and ornamental plants;
    • • Sewage disposal and cleaning of rivers;
    • • Nuclear energy;
    • • Radiation hazards;
    • • Gas leak;
    • • Wind power;
    • • Bio-energy; and
    • • Environmental laws and acts.
    • • Environmental concepts also extend to subject areas like languages and social sciences, which reinforce learning and internalization of all such concepts.
    • Higher Secondary stage :-

    Ths is the stage of diversification. Students opt for either the academic stream or the vocational stream. The treatment of concepts becomes deeper and more discipline oriented since the content caters to the demands of the concerned subject, as an independent discipline a comprehensive view about EE is not available in the textbooks.

    1. The coverage of EE concepts in the textbooks of various subjects includes:
    2. • Environment and sustainable development;
    3. • Atmospheric pollution- global warming,
    4. • Greenhouse effect,
    5. • Acid rain,
    6. • Ozone layer depletion;
    7. • Water pollution- international standards of drinking water,
    8. • Importance of dissolved oxygen in water,
    9. • Bio-chemical oxygen demand,
    10. • Chemical oxygen demand,
    11. • Land pollution,
    12. • Pesticides,
    13. • Ecology.
    14. Some of the activities pertaining to EE from Primary, Upper Primary, and Secondary & Higher Secondary classes on a sample basis a few have been give here.
    15. Methods
    16. Upper Primary & Secondary Education concepts & Activities discussed :
    17. ACTIVITY 1: – All Organisms need an Environment to live
    18. Materials : A note book and pencil.
    19. Target Group : Class IV – VI
    20. The Task: Critically observe over a week the various activities of a bird or a domestic animal such as a cow/sheep/goat/buffalo or a pet animal such as a dog/ cat. Specific answers for the following questions must be obtained:
    21. • Where does it live?
    22. • What does it eat?
    23. • What does it drink?
    24. • What does it wear?
    25. • When and how does it sleep?
    26. • Can it live only on natural things?
    27. • Does it use man-made things?
    28. • What are its activities during daytime?
    29. • What are its activities during nights?

    • Does it make any noise? Does it disturb us? The Teacher: The teacher opens a discussion about the observations made by children and summarises that all organisms need a ‘home’ and environment is the home for most of the organisms. We must care not only for the organism but also for the environment because a good environment means a good home for all the orgnisms.

    • ACTIVITY 2: Human beings obtain several materials from the environment.
    • Materials : Notebook, Pencil
    • Target groups : IV to VIII

    The Task: Ask children to make a list of all the people living in their house. Let them also list all the things (at least fifteen) which they use/need daily. Help them to categorise them into naturally available things and man-made things and arrange them in a table as shown below:

    Man made things Naturally occurring things
    Tooth paste Water
    , .

    The Teacher: Analyse the items in the table and emphasise that all the naturally occurring things come from the environment. Unless we care for the environment and use these materials carefully, some materials will get depleted gradually and get exhausted one fine day!

    1. ACTIVITY 3 : Environment consists of both living and non-living things.
    2. Materials : Notebook, pencil
    3. Target Groups : VI to IX

    The Task : Take children to a garden/park or to an open area within the school premises. Divide them into groups of 4-5 children. Critically observe the surrounding environment air, water, and soil. Dig the soil a little and observe the soil below the surface; list as many things.

    Care must be taken to classify only things that are naturally available and not man made. The Teacher: Teacher examines the list and leads the discussion to conclude that environment consists of both living and non-living things. Non-living things should not be construed, as things are not necessary or less important.

    Emphasse that everything in nature has some use or the other.

    Living things Non-living things
    Bird Water
    , .


  • ACTIVITY 4: Biodegradable and Non-Biodegradable materials.
  • Materials : Dry leaves, flowers, fruits, a few plastic covers, used refills, buttons, mumty, water.
  • Target Group : VIII to X & XI to XII
  • The task : Dig 2 Shallow pits at a distance of a foot from each other. The pits should be approximately
  • 6″ X 6″ X 6″. Into pit 1, put the dry leaves, flower, and fruits and into pit 2 put the plastic covers and refills. Cover both pits with mud such that the materials are completely buried. Water the pits every day. After 15 days, dig up the pits and carefully observe the materials.

    1. • Have the materials undergone any change?
    2. • What changes do you observe?
    3. • Is there a change in colour?
    4. • Is there a change in shape?
    5. • Are the materials intact?
    6. • Is the plastic torn?
    7. • Has the plastic changed colour?
    8. • Has it crumpled into small bits?
    9. • Does the plastic smell?
    10. • Do the materials in pit 1 smell foul?
    11. • What causes the smell?
    12. • What happens to materials in pit A ultimately?
    13. • What happens to material B ultimately?
    14. Activities related to Primary classes III & IV are given below:

    Explain How Environmental Education Is Needed For General Public Conclusion Tough there has been a long history of EE component in our school curriculum; it has always been treated as secondary to other scholastic areas like sciences, social-sciences, mathematics, etc. The first aggressive thrust for EE at school level came in NCF 1986 and the document, Plan of Action, 1992.

    Environmental issues, environmental concerns and conservation were identified as core areas in the curriculum. Although, many state boards and CBSE emphasised the need to educate children about our environment, there was very little perceptible change in our approach to EE transaction. NCF-2000 & NCF 2005 has laid enormous emphasis on EE to the extent that it is projected as of grave concern in school curriculum that is as important as other school subjects.

    There has been an eternal debate on the mode of EE treatment in schools. While a few curriculum planners advocate an infusion model others insist on transaction EE as a separate subject in the schools. There are arguments and counter arguments with regard to both schools of thought.

    What is of greater importance is how EE is taught? What are the transactional strategies that have to be followed to make it effective so that it sensitises and motivates desirable action by the students. In this direction, orienting teachers, designing suitable, pragmatic activities that are regional and local specific are the urgent need.

    In this exercise, NCERT has initiated several levels of interaction with various educational functionaries such as administrators, curriculum planners, teacher educators and teachers. A national level core team and regional level teams are conducting orientation programs, preparation of training manuals in EE collaborating with state boards to promote in the respective states.

    These efforts have to be vastly enhanced in order to bring about a level of awareness and action that will help conserving and improving the quality of our environment. The attainment targets and programs and activities of study for science present opportunities for learning about environment through science, geography, civics, and social environmental aspects can be understood to a great extent.

    For example, energy sources, the process of life and the effect of human activity on the environment. The following attainment targets are particularly relevant in class III to XII science & social science curriculum of NCF-2005.

    • They can be listed as:
    • • Exploration of Science
    • • The variety of life.
    • • Process of life
    • • Human influence on Earth
    • • Types and uses of materials
    • • Explaining how materials behave
    • • Earth & atmosphere
    • • Energy

    • The natural resources & conservation. Education for the EE is concerned with children persecutes like: Children should study aspects of their local environment, which have been affected by human activity. These may include, for example, farming, industry, and sewage disposal, mining or quarrying.

    Where ever possible this should be by first-hand observation, but secondary school, curriculum has some of the significant activities related to it, where highlighted. The range and origin of any raw materials, waste disposal procedures are some of the practical solutions to keep the environment clean, the theoretical inputs and solutions should have an appreciation so that when they become citizens they can use specific design and technology Collins 1980, required to keep the “Environments” i.e., related to the outside world.

    These are home, school, parks, community places, business places and so on. History as a core curricular theme also can explain about details of contributions to environmental education. History helps pupils to appreciate how the environment has been shaped by human activity as well as natural change.

    1. Chapman, H.D and Pratt.P.F.1961. Methods of analysis of Soils, Plants and Waters, University of California,
    2. J. D Collins 1980, Mathematics and Environmental Education ed. World wild life fund (WWF) for nature.
    3. NCERT 1986, National Policy on Education, Aurobindo Marg, New Delhi,
    4. NCCI 1990. National Curriculum Council, Environmental Education 7 (Seven) Curriculum guidance book 1SBN-18772676251 NCC, Albion, Wharf,25.SK eldergate, yorky012xl.
    5. NCERT 1992, Plan of Action, Aurobindo Marg, and New Delhi,
    6. Ramachandra T.V., Rajasekhar Murthy. C and Ahalya. N 2002. Restoration of Lakes and Wetlands, Allied Publishers (P) limited.
    7. NCERT 2005, National Curriculum Frame work, NCERT edition, Aurobindo Marg, New Delhi,

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    How do humans benefit from the environment?

    The natural environment gives us a wealth of services that are difficult to measure in dollars. Natural areas help clean our air, purify our water, produce food and medicines, reduce chemical and noise pollution, slow floodwaters, and cool our streets. We call this work ‘ecosystem services’.
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    How can the environment be better protected by creating public awareness campaign?

    What Is Environmental Awareness? – To understand environmental awareness, let’s have a look at what the environmentalist movement means- Environmentalism is an ideology that places the need and responsibility of humans to respect, protect and defend the natural world from the damages caused by the previous and current generation of humans.

    1. Environmental awareness is an essential component for the movement to become a success.
    2. By teaching our friends and family that the physical environment is indispensable.
    3. By taking the utmost care, we can solve the problems that threaten it.
    4. The only important thing to do with an environmental awareness campaign is to make people aware of the dangers of excessive consumption that we are doing than needed.

    People need to better understand the threats to our planet to realize our environment’s depth of concern Therefore, there is awareness of issues such as environmental health, global warming, and sustainable development.
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