Basic Education System Was First Implemented In Which State?

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The Education System in India – GNU Project – Free Software Foundation In ancient times, India had the Gurukula system of education in which anyone who wished to study went to a teacher’s (Guru) house and requested to be taught. If accepted as a student by the guru, he would then stay at the guru’s place and help in all activities at home.

  1. This not only created a strong tie between the teacher and the student, but also taught the student everything about running a house.
  2. The guru taught everything the child wanted to learn, from Sanskrit to the holy scriptures and from Mathematics to Metaphysics.
  3. The student stayed as long as she wished or until the guru felt that he had taught everything he could teach.

All learning was closely linked to nature and to life, and not confined to memorizing some information. The modern school system was brought to India, including the English language, originally by Lord Thomas Babington Macaulay in the 1830s. The curriculum was confined to “modern” subjects such as science and mathematics, and subjects like metaphysics and philosophy were considered unnecessary.

Teaching was confined to classrooms and the link with nature was broken, as also the close relationship between the teacher and the student. The Uttar Pradesh (a state in India) Board of High School and Intermediate Education was the first Board set up in India in the year 1921 with jurisdiction over Rajputana, Central India and Gwalior.

In 1929, the Board of High School and Intermediate Education, Rajputana, was established. Later, boards were established in some of the states. But eventually, in 1952, the constitution of the board was amended and it was renamed Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE).

All schools in Delhi and some other regions came under the Board. It was the function of the Board to decide on things like curriculum, textbooks and examination system for all schools affiliated to it. Today there are thousands of schools affiliated to the Board, both within India and in many other countries from Afghanistan to Zimbabwe.

Universal and compulsory education for all children in the age group of 6-14 was a cherished dream of the new government of the Republic of India. This is evident from the fact that it is incorporated as a directive policy in article 45 of the constitution.

But this objective remains far away even more than half a century later. However, in the recent past, the government appears to have taken a serious note of this lapse and has made primary education a Fundamental Right of every Indian citizen. The pressures of economic growth and the acute scarcity of skilled and trained manpower must certainly have played a role to make the government take such a step.

The expenditure by the Government of India on school education in recent years comes to around 3% of the GDP, which is recognized to be very low. “In recent times, several major announcements were made for developing the poor state of affairs in education sector in India, the most notable ones being the National Common Minimum Programme (NCMP) of the United Progressive Alliance (UPA) government.

The announcements are; (a) To progressively increase expenditure on education to around 6 percent of GDP. (b) To support this increase in expenditure on education, and to increase the quality of education, there would be an imposition of an education cess over all central government taxes. (c) To ensure that no one is denied of education due to economic backwardness and poverty.

(d) To make right to education a fundamental right for all children in the age group 6–14 years. (e) To universalize education through its flagship programmes such as Sarva Siksha Abhiyan and Mid Day Meal.” ()
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Who introduced the basic education system in India?

Mahatma Gandhi proposed his scheme of Basic Education (Nai Talim) in a well formulated approach to education in 1937 in his news paper ‘Harijan’. In order to discuss different aspects of the scheme of education, an All India education conference was held in Wardha on 22nd and 23rd October, 1937.
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When was the first education system established?

China – According to legendary accounts, the rulers Yao and Shun (ca.24th–23rd century BC) established the first schools. The first education system was created in Xia dynasty (2076–1600 BC). During Xia dynasty, government built schools to educate aristocrats about rituals, literature and archery (important for ancient Chinese aristocrats).

During Shang dynasty (1600 BC to 1046 BC), normal people (farmers, workers etc.) accepted rough education. In that time, aristocrats’ children studied in government schools. And normal people studied in private schools. Government schools were always built in cities and private schools were built in rural areas.

Government schools paid attention on educating students about rituals, literature, politics, music, arts and archery. Private schools educated students to do farmwork and handworks. During the Zhou dynasty (1045–256 BC), there were five national schools in the capital city, Pi Yong (an imperial school, located in a central location) and four other schools for the aristocrats and nobility, including Shang Xiang,

  • The schools mainly taught the Six Arts : rites, music, archery, charioteering, calligraphy, and mathematics.
  • According to the Book of Rites, at age twelve, boys learned arts related to ritual (i.e.
  • Music and dance) and when older, archery and chariot driving.
  • Girls learned ritual, correct deportment, silk production and weaving.

It was during the Zhou dynasty that the origins of native Chinese philosophy also developed. Confucius (551–479 BC) founder of Confucianism, was a Chinese philosopher who made a great impact on later generations of Chinese, and on the curriculum of the Chinese educational system for much of the following 2000 years.

  • Later, during the Qin dynasty (246–207 BC), a hierarchy of officials was set up to provide central control over the outlying areas of the empire.
  • To enter this hierarchy, both literacy and knowledge of the increasing body of philosophy was required: “.the content of the educational process was designed not to engender functionally specific skills but rather to produce morally enlightened and cultivated generalists”.

During the Han dynasty (206–221 AD), boys were thought ready at age seven to start learning basic skills in reading, writing and calculation. In 124 BC, the Emperor Wudi established the Imperial Academy, the curriculum of which was the Five Classics of Confucius.

  1. By the end of the Han dynasty (220 AD) the academy enrolled more than 30,000 students, boys between the ages of fourteen and seventeen years.
  2. However education through this period was a luxury.
  3. The nine-rank system was a civil service nomination system during the Three Kingdoms (220–280 AD) and the Northern and Southern dynasties (420–589 AD) in China.

Theoretically, local government authorities were given the task of selecting talented candidates, then categorizing them into nine grades depending on their abilities. In practice, however, only the rich and powerful would be selected. The Nine Rank System was eventually superseded by the imperial examination system for the civil service in the Sui dynasty (581–618 AD).
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Who implemented the basic education curriculum?

To: Undersecretaries Assistant Secretaries Heads of Bureau/Centers/Offices Regional Directors Schools Division Superintendents Public Elementary and Secondary School Principals/Head Teachers/TICs Public School Teachers 1. The Department of Education is implementing this school opening the 2002 Basic Education Curriculum (BEC).2.

  1. It is the product of 16 years of study conducted under the various DepEd secretaries (Lourdes Quisumbing, Isidro Cariño, and Bro.
  2. Andrew Gonzalez).
  3. Starting 1995, intensive consultations were held with various stakeholders – the schools, parents, students, business, trade and industry, NGOs and the people in the Education Department who administer the education system on ground level.3.
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Almost immediately after assuming the post, the undersigned continued the consultations starting March 2001. The DepEd people consulted included experts, public and private school teachers, the 16 regional directors, 145 superintendents, at least 20,000 principals, and representative teachers of the different subject areas in different and year levels.4.

The Philippine Commission on Educational Reforms (PCER), created on Dec.7, 1998 through Executive Order No.46, recommended the adoption of the restructured BEC and its implementation starting 2002.5. The BEC focuses on the basics of reading, writing, arithmetic, science and patriotism. Values is integral to all the subject areas.

Students can then be ready for lifelong learning. It seeks to cure the inability of students who cannot read with comprehension at grade 3 and worse, at grade 6.6. The BEC decongests the overcrowded curriculum.7. Integrative and interactive teaching-learning approaches are stressed.

These are characterized by group learning and sharing of knowledge and experiences between teachers, between teachers and students and among students. For instance, under the old curriculum, English teachers prepared lesson plans for English and values teachers prepared for values education. Under the BEC, the English and Values Education teachers work together on their lesson plans.8.

High school math shifts from the spiral system which introduced all math subjects in every level to the linear, sequential approach where only Elementary Algebra is taught in 1 st year, Intermediate Algebra in the 2 nd year and Geometry in 3 rd year.9.

From only 1,418 participants when the training started in March 2002, some 491,000 public and private school teachers have been trained as of May 20. Another 1,500 teacher trainers were trained on HS math and they led the school-based trainings of Math teachers.10. Textbooks for the revised curriculum, worth some P1.4 billion, have been delivered, or are in the process of being distributed, to the different schools nationwide.

Although the budget allocated textbook funds only for Grades 1 to IV and for 1 st and 2 nd year high school, the DepEd will be able to provide textbooks for Grade 1 to IV and for 1 st to 3 rd year high school. This resulted from the substantial savings that DepEd was able to effect through its transparent approach in procuring school supplies and equipment.11.

  1. Many lesson plans to be used by the teachers have been prepared and produced.
  2. From 3 to 15 of June, there were additional training and preparation of lesson plans. Each H.S.
  3. Math teacher will get lesson plans.12.
  4. All 16 regional directors have submitted the names of teachers trained, the teachers feedback after each training session, the training designs used by the regions, the training kit given to the teachers and the weekly monitoring reports on the number of teachers trained.13.

The adoption of the BEC is optional for private schools. Although more than 50% of private schools have joined.14. No teachers were lose his/her job. In fact, DepEd has hired 15,000 more teachers.15. The NETRC, the BEE and BSE, with the assistance of NEAP, will conduct a quarterly evaluation of the revised curriculum.

School principals and supervisors were continuously monitor its implementation in their respective schools and divisions.16. Curriculum development is a dynamic process, and thus the restructured curriculum will continue to develop. Through school year 2002-2003, the BEC implementation will be monitored, improved and fine-tuned.

Selected prototype lesson plans will be distributed.17. The BEC has received broad-based support from top educators and other authorities. Public school teachers, principals, superintendents and the regional directors have manifested support for the BEC.
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Who introduced basic education in Nigeria?

Mandate – The Universal Basic Education Commission (UBEC) law (UBE Act, 2004) established the commission as the intervention agency responsible for the disbursement of the Federal Government Universal Basic Education Intervention to states and other stakeholders and the coordination of the implementation of the UBE programme throughout Nigeria.

The Law defines Basic education to include: “Early childhood care and development education, nine years of formal schooling (6 years of primary and 3 years of junior secondary education, adult literacy and non-formal education, skills acquisition programmes and the education of special groups such as nomads and migrants, girl-child and women, almajirai, street children and disabled groups” (UBE Act, 2004, p.29).

It also defines the functions of the Commission to include the following:

  • (a) formulate the policy guidelines for the successful operation of the Universal Basic Education Programme in the Federation;
  • (b) receive block grants from the Federal Government and allocate to the States and Local Governments and other relevant agencies implementing the Universal Basic Education in accordance with an approved formula as may be laid down by the Board of the Commission and approved by the Federal Executive Council; provided that the Commission shall not disburse such grants until it is satisfied that the earlier disbursements have been applied in accordance with the provisions of this Act;
  • (c) prescribe the minimum standards for basic education throughout Nigeria in line with the National Policy on Education and the directive of the National Council on Education and ensure the effective monitoring of the standards;
  • (d) enquire into and advise the Federal Government on the funding and orderly development of basic education in Nigeria;
  • (e) collate and prepare after consultation with the States and Local Governments, and other relevant stakeholders, periodic master plans for a balanced and coordinated development of basic education in Nigeria including areas of possible intervention in the provision of adequate basic education facilities which include: (i) proposals to the Minister for equal and adequate basic education opportunity in Nigeria; (ii) the provision of adequate basic education facilities in Nigeria; and 12 (iii) ensure that the Basic Education Curricula and Syllabi and other necessary instructional materials are in use in early childhood care and development centres, primary and junior secondary schools in Nigeria;
  • (f) carry out in concert with the States and Local Governments at regular intervals, a personnel audit of teaching and non-teaching staff of all basic education institutions in Nigeria;
  • (g) monitor Federal inputs into the implementation of basic education;
  • (h) present periodic progress reports on the implementation of the Universal Basic Education to the President through the Minister; (i) co-ordinate the implementation of the universal basic education related activities in collaboration with non-governmental and multi-lateral agencies;
  • (j) liaise with donor agencies and other development partners in matters relating to basic education;
  • (k) develop and disseminate curricula and instructional materials for basic education in Nigeria;
  • (l) establish a basic education data bank and conduct research on basic education in Nigeria;
  • (m) support national capacity building for teachers and managers of basic education in Nigeria;
  • (n) carry out mass mobilization and sensitization of the general public and enter into partnerships with communities and all stakeholders in basic education with the aim of achieving the overall objectives of the Compulsory Free Universal Basic Education in Nigeria;
  • (o) carry out such other activities that are relevant and conducive to the discharge of its functions under this Act; and
  • (p) carry out such other functions as the Minister may, from time to time, determine.

The UBE Commission also correlates with the State Governments to facilitates its activities through their respective State Universal Basic Education Boards (SUBEBs) and the Local Government Education Authorities (LGEAs) established by law passed by each State House of Assembly.
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Where was the first basic education system implemented in India?

The Education System in India – GNU Project – Free Software Foundation In ancient times, India had the Gurukula system of education in which anyone who wished to study went to a teacher’s (Guru) house and requested to be taught. If accepted as a student by the guru, he would then stay at the guru’s place and help in all activities at home.

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This not only created a strong tie between the teacher and the student, but also taught the student everything about running a house. The guru taught everything the child wanted to learn, from Sanskrit to the holy scriptures and from Mathematics to Metaphysics. The student stayed as long as she wished or until the guru felt that he had taught everything he could teach.

All learning was closely linked to nature and to life, and not confined to memorizing some information. The modern school system was brought to India, including the English language, originally by Lord Thomas Babington Macaulay in the 1830s. The curriculum was confined to “modern” subjects such as science and mathematics, and subjects like metaphysics and philosophy were considered unnecessary.

  • Teaching was confined to classrooms and the link with nature was broken, as also the close relationship between the teacher and the student.
  • The Uttar Pradesh (a state in India) Board of High School and Intermediate Education was the first Board set up in India in the year 1921 with jurisdiction over Rajputana, Central India and Gwalior.

In 1929, the Board of High School and Intermediate Education, Rajputana, was established. Later, boards were established in some of the states. But eventually, in 1952, the constitution of the board was amended and it was renamed Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE).

  • All schools in Delhi and some other regions came under the Board.
  • It was the function of the Board to decide on things like curriculum, textbooks and examination system for all schools affiliated to it.
  • Today there are thousands of schools affiliated to the Board, both within India and in many other countries from Afghanistan to Zimbabwe.

Universal and compulsory education for all children in the age group of 6-14 was a cherished dream of the new government of the Republic of India. This is evident from the fact that it is incorporated as a directive policy in article 45 of the constitution.

But this objective remains far away even more than half a century later. However, in the recent past, the government appears to have taken a serious note of this lapse and has made primary education a Fundamental Right of every Indian citizen. The pressures of economic growth and the acute scarcity of skilled and trained manpower must certainly have played a role to make the government take such a step.

The expenditure by the Government of India on school education in recent years comes to around 3% of the GDP, which is recognized to be very low. “In recent times, several major announcements were made for developing the poor state of affairs in education sector in India, the most notable ones being the National Common Minimum Programme (NCMP) of the United Progressive Alliance (UPA) government.

The announcements are; (a) To progressively increase expenditure on education to around 6 percent of GDP. (b) To support this increase in expenditure on education, and to increase the quality of education, there would be an imposition of an education cess over all central government taxes. (c) To ensure that no one is denied of education due to economic backwardness and poverty.

(d) To make right to education a fundamental right for all children in the age group 6–14 years. (e) To universalize education through its flagship programmes such as Sarva Siksha Abhiyan and Mid Day Meal.” ()
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Who is father of basic education?

who was the founder of basic education? Hey student, Mahatma Gandhi was the founder of BASIC EDUCATION. Basic Education is a principle which states that knowledge and work are not separate. He promoted an educational curriculum with the same name based on this pedagogical principle.

  • It can be translated with the phrase ‘Basic Education for all’.
  • The term ‘Basic’ is significant in Basic Education.
  • Basic comes from the term “Base”.
  • Which means bottom or foundation.
  • So in the literary sense, Basic Education is the foundation of education or education at the primary level on which the edifice of the Superstructure of Higher Education can be built.

Basic Education Scheme pattern:

Pre-basic (up to 6 years ) Basic (from 7 to 14 years) Post-Basic (from 15 to 18) University education Social and Adult education

Hope it helps. : who was the founder of basic education?
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Who introduced education first?

About History of Education in India – The education in India has a rich and interesting history. It is believed that in the ancient days, the education was imparted orally by the sages and the scholars and the information was passed on from one generation to the other.

After the development of letters, it took the form of writing using the palm leaves and the barks of trees. This also helped in spreading the written literature. The temples and the community centers formed the role of schools. Later, the Gurukul system of education came into existence. The Gurukuls were the traditional Hindu residential schools of learning which were typically in the teacher’s house or a monastery.

Even though the education was free, the students from well-to-do families paid the Gurudakshina which was a voluntary contribution after the completion of their studies. At the Gurukuls, the teacher imparted knowledge on various aspects of the religion, the scriptures, the philosophy, the literature, the warfare, the statecraft, the medicine astrology and the history.

  1. This system is referred as the oldest and the most effective system of education.
  2. In the first millennium and the few centuries preceding, there was a flourishing of higher education at Nalanda, Takshashila University, Ujjain, and Vikramshila Universities.
  3. The important subjects were mainly the art, the architecture, the painting, the logic, the grammar, the philosophy, the astronomy, the literature, the Buddhism, the Hinduism, the arthashastra, the law, and the medicine.

Each university specialized in a particular field of study. For instance, the Takshila specialized in the study of medicine, while the Ujjain laid emphasis on astronomy. The Nalanda, being the biggest centre, had all the branches of knowledge, and housed up to 10,000 students at its peak.

The British records reveal that the education was widespread in the 18 th century, with a school for every temple, mosque or village in most regions of the country. The main subjects were the arithmetic, the theology, the law, the astronomy, the metaphysics, the ethics, the medical science and the religion.

The school had the student representatives from all classes of the society. The present system of education was introduced and founded by the British in the 20 th century, by the recommendations of Macaulay. It has western style and content. The British government did not recognize the traditional structures and so they have declined.

  1. It is said that even Gandhi described the traditional educational system as a beautiful tree which was destroyed during the British rule.
  2. The first medical college of Kerala was started at Calicut, in 1942-43, during World War II.
  3. As there was a shortage of doctors to serve the military, the British Government opened a branch of Madras Medical College in Malabar, which was under Madras Presidency then.

After independence, the education became the responsibility of the states and the Central Government coordinated the technical and higher education by specifying the standards. In 1964, the Education Commission started functioning with 16 members of which 11 were Indian experts and 5 were foreign experts.

The Commission also discussed with many international agencies, experts and consultants in the educational as well as scientific field. Later in 1976, the education became a joint responsibility of both the state and the Centre through a constitutional amendment. The central government through the Ministry of Human Resource Development’s Department of Education and the governments at the states formulated the education policy and planning.

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NPE 1986 and revised PoA 1992 envisioned that free and compulsory education should be provided for all children up to 14 years of age before the commencement of 21st century. Also, the Government of India made a commitment that by 2000, 6% of the Gross Domestic Product (GDP) will be spent on education, out of which half would be spent on the Primary education.
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Who invented education system first?

1.The presence of Ancient Greece culture: – Ancient Greece, Rome and Egypt mark the beginning of the formal education system. Around 385 BC or 500 AD, human history saw education that was organized and set curriculum. The practice was different at that time.
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Who implemented K 12 basic education?

President Aquino Signs K+12 Program Into Law Basic Education System Was First Implemented In Which State In a historic moment for advocates of educational equity, President Benigno Aquino III approved Republic Act (RA) 10533, signing into law the K+12 program on May 15, 2013. The K+12 program covers kindergarten and twelve years of basic education — six years of primary schooling, four years of junior high school and two years of senior high school.

By adding two years to the current educational system, K+12 aims to provide mastery of skills for lifelong learners and prepare them for career opportunities. The program also contextualizes lessons to students, as concepts will be explained using local culture with the use of the students’ respective mother tongues.

The curriculum also prepares graduates to acquire mid-level skills that will allow them more opportunities even in the global job market. President Benigno S. Aquino III shares the stage with the students from the Center for Excellence (CENTEX) Elementary School for a group photo souvenir during the ceremonial signing of the Enhanced Basic Education Act of 2013.

Also in the photo are House Speaker Feliciano Belmonte, Jr. and Senator Edgardo Angara. (Photo by: Rey Baniquet/Malacañang Photo Bureau/PCOO). During the signing ceremony, President Aquino stated that the K+12 program that “this law will empower the next generation of Filipinos”. Teach for the Philippines shares that vision as we leave our mark on our country through our goal of achieving educational equity.

: President Aquino Signs K+12 Program Into Law
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Who is the leader of basic education?

Dr Reginah Mhaule, MP, has a Doctorate degree in Public Administration, a Masters degree in Public Administration and an honours degree in Education.
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What is basic education program?

The Basic Education Program (BEP) is the overarching set of regulations for the Rhode Island public education system. Together with other federal and state laws and regulations, the BEP outlines the rights of every student in the Rhode Island public education system.
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Who prepared draft of basic education?

The main principal of Mahatma Gandhi’s famous Basic Education System or Wardha Scheme was learning through activity.2. A committee under Dr. Zakir Hussain was appointed to formulate the Wardha Scheme of the basic education.
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In which year was the basic education scheme proposed?

In 1937, when the provincial governments were formed in seven provinces with the native representation, they concentrated their attention on educational reforms. In October 1937, an all-India National Educational Conference was held at Wardha and the conference resolved to accept the proposal made by Mahatma Gandhi that free and compulsory education be provided for seven years through mother tongue on a nation-wide scale and the process of education throughout this period should centre around some form of manual and productive work.

All other abilities to be developed or training to be given should, as far as possible, be integrally related to the central handicraft chosen with due regard to the environment of the child. The conference expected that this system of education will be self sufficient and gradually, will be able to cover the remuneration of teachers.

Accordingly, a committee under the chairmanship of Dr. Zakir Hussain was appointed. The Committee prepared and submitted the first comprehensive national education scheme in its report on December 2, 1937, which was popularly known as the Wardha Scheme or Basic Education The main features of the scheme are as follows:

The entire education is to be imparted through some industry or vocation with a basic craft as the center of instruction. The idea is not to teach some handicraft along with liberal education, but education integrated with a handicraft is to be imparted through samavaaya (Samavay) integration method. It’s a work-centric education.Education is to be self-supporting to the extent of covering teachers’ salaries and aims at making pupils self-supporting after the completion of their course;Every individual should learn to earn his living through manual work in life. Hence, education through manual labour is insisted. It is also considered non-violent, since an individual does not snatch away the living of others.Learning is closely coordinated with home, community and the child’s life activities, as well as, village crafts and occupations. This philosophy had a strong impact on formulation of the educational policies, particularly at the elementary stage and for free primary education to find place in the constitution of free India.

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Why basic education is called so?

Nai Talim The principal idea is to impart the whole education of the body, mind and soul through the handicraft that is taught to the children. —  In 1940 Shri Chitta Bhusan, hardcore Gandhian freedom fighter and follower of ‘Basic Education’, came to a remote village named Majhihira in the then Manbhum district of Bihar (now in West Bengal), where he founded the Majhihira National Basic Education Institution (MNBEI).

He took his last breath on 7th February 2016 at 101 years old. He enjoyed a simple life and used a, Nai Talim, or Basic Education, is a principle which states that knowledge and work are not separate. promoted an educational curriculum with the same name based on this pedagogical principle. It can be translated with the phrase ‘Basic Education for all’.

However, the concept has several layers of meaning. It developed out of Gandhi’s experience with the English educational system and with colonialism in general. In that system, he saw that Indian children would be alienated and ‘career-based thinking’ would become dominant.
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Which is the first place in education?

Top 20 Countries with Best Education System in the World

Rank Country Quality Index
1 United Kingdom 78.2
2 United States 72
3 Australia 70.5
4 Netherlands 70.3

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Which is the first state in India to implement the new education policy?

Implementation –

  • In early August 2021, Karnataka became the first state to issue an order with regard to implementing NEP.
  • On 26 th August 2021, Madhya Pradesh implemented NEP 2020.
  • Uttar Pradesh Chief Minister Yogi Adityanath said the National Education Policy-2020 will be implemented in phases by 2022.
  • The Telangana State government has decided to implement the newly announced National Education Policy 2020 (NEP 2020) in the State.
  • Maharashtra CM Uddhav Thackeray directs to appoint experts’ committee for implementation of new education policy.
  • Andhra Chief Minister Y.S. Jagan Mohan Reddy has directed officials of the Education Department to implement the National Education Policy 2020 in letter and spirit across the State.
  • Rajasthan Governor Kalraj Mishra said that NEP 2020 will be implemented in phased manner.
  • The Chief Minister of Assam, Himanta Biswa Sarma said that NEP 2020 will be implemented from 1 April 2022.
  • In April 2022, the UGC (University Grants Commission) approved simultaneous dual degrees, both in physical and online modes.
  • In October 2022, Ministry of Education released New Curriculum Framework for 3-8 years children and National Credit Framework inline of NEP 2020.
  • Goa would implement 100% NEP form 2023 in Higher Education

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