According To Vivekananda Which Is The Innermost Core Of Education?
Swami Vivekananda reiterates that the innermost heart of education is religion. Religion, however, does not mean any unique kind of religion, but its basic character, which is the realization of the divinity that resides in man.
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- 1 What does Vivekananda say about education?
- 2 What is concept of Swami Vivekananda?
- 3 What was the advice given by Swami Vivekananda?
- 4 What are ideals in education?
- 5 What Bhagavad Gita says about education?
- 6 What are some famous quotes about education?
What does Vivekananda say about education?
According to Vivekananda, ‘ Education is not the amount of information that we put into your brain and runs riot there, undigested, all your life. We must have life building, man making, and character making assimilation of ideas.
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What Swami Vivekananda said about teacher?
IJASRW International Journal of Advance Study and Research Work (2581-5997)/ Volume 2/Issue 3/March 2019 Role of a Teacher – According to Swami Vivekananda Payel Dutta Department: Philosophy Guest Lecturer of Diamond Harbour Womens’ University, India, Kolkata Email Id: [email protected] DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.2620119Abstract The word ‘Education’ comes from the word ‘Educatum’, ‘Educare’ etc.
- Educare means to nourish, to bring up and Bengali meaning is Shiksha.
- The word ‘Shiksha’ is derived from the word ‘Shah’ which meaning is to control or to discipline.
- Only an ideal teacher can help to bring up or control a student.
- So Vivekananda told that teacher is the most important person in society.
Education is a method of overall development. Both of Teacher and student are included in the method from the prehistorical period. They are depended on each other. Because the teacher teaches through some method to student and student follows that method.
The students are able to develop their own soul. So the teacher is called educator. Now the most important matter is that they would be taking part in the honor in this process. No education is completed without anyone participation. So Adams in his book ‘Evolution to Education Theory’ said that education is a bipolar process in which one personality effects by another personality.
Another personality is called the teacher. In this process, the teacher plays a most important role. Because Swami Vivekananda said that Education is not only gathering some information from the book. Education has been present in our own soul since birth.
- So it is an intrinsic issue which is manifested by the only teacher who is introduced as an external issue.
- Vivekananda said that teacher would be a good personality, knowledgeable, etc for character building of student.
- In this article I want to discuss from the view of Swami Vivekananda about some teaching method and why Swami Vivekananda told role of a teacher and character of a teacher are a most important path, where is a relation between the character of a teacher and overall manifestation of a student, etc.
Keywords: Teaching process, Character of the teacher, Student and teacher relationship. Introduction: Swami Vivekananda’s view is that ‘Education is the manifestation of perfection already in man’.1 The meaning of this line is that a child teaches itself.
- Anyone cannot help to go forward in its own way.
- But it is true that this manifestation is not completed without desires, which comes from only a teacher.
- The teacher can take away all types of obstacles, but knowledge comes out of its own nature.
- Even Vedanta says that within man is all knowledge, it requires only an awakening and that much is the work of the teacher.
So it is said that the teacher and student are complementary to each other. Modern educationalist Adam said also that both teachers and students have a very important role which is a bipolar process has been considered. This type of process is called metaphysical progress for learning.
- The main aim of education is a complete manifestation of a human being.
- According to Vivekananda teachers are responsible for a students’ physical and mental development.
- Actually one touch, one glance can change a whole life.
- That’s why in our country a teacher is a most highly venerated person, he is regarded as God.
Now we desire to learn which type of person is called the teacher? A teacher is a person who helps others to acquire knowledge, competences or values. The principle objectives of my discussion are that to explain the characteristics of teachers in the view of Swamiji as trainees can get the opportunity to explain why should they become interested in education through the teaching process of teachers and they become a perfect human being.
- He believed in spiritual development for a perfect human being.
- If a human being is to be educated, then he becomes a good person because knowledge is present in our spirit.
- But the soul is covered by ignorance.
- As a result, knowledge cannot be elicited at the present of ignorance by itself.
- So the cover of ignorance would be removed for the manifestation of the knowledge.
This ignorance is released by education. A person can be educated by © 2019, IJASRW, All right reserved http://www.ijasrw.com 26 International Journal of Advance Study and Research Work (2581-5997)/ Volume 2/Issue 3/March 2019 a teacher only. ‘GURU’ is largely used in modern India in the place of ‘Teacher’. It is a Sanskrit term. ‘GURU’ consist of three letters in which ‘GU’ means a supernatural power; ‘R’ means emancipates of sin and ‘U’ means un-manifest Lord Vishnu.
In other words, ‘GURU’ is supreme, the embodiment of these three. The term also refers to someone who primarily is one’s spiritual guide, who helps one to discover the same potentialities that the gurus already realized. So who can remove the sin or ignorance and help to reveal the knowledge is called the teacher.
The only teacher knows which student will able to move towards perfection by what object path. A question might arise against the view. Swamiji expressed that education is succeeding by self-effort, yet why the teacher is important to the student for education? The answer is that education means one kind of salvation which is attended by a conscious visitor.
So which conscious visitor can overall develop another conscious soul, he is known as a teacher. When a tree is in the harness in a seed then there are need some strength from material world for the emergence of the strength of the seed. Those strengths are soil, water, etc. Another hand we want to be a wise man through the book.
But in this way, many shortcomings of fallen are presented in the practical field. Because in the way the spiritual progress is nothing. For progress, a conscious soul is very much important. Who can help the progress, is called the teacher and another person is called a pupil or student? The spiritual strength is transmitted only from a teacher to a pupil.
- The pupil has much confusion which may be eliminated with the help of a teacher and only the teacher can fill up the pupils’ soul with true knowledge.
- Benjamin Franklin said that ‘Tell me and forget, teach methe and I remember.’ So according to Vivekananda ‘GURU’ shows a bright path for a future life.
He teaches to live in a new way through the internal prosperity of a pupil. Sometimes of internal progress teachers are responsible for wrong guidance, though they are all knowledge to himself. When a teacher is an ignorant person then the problem may arise.
- Because ignorant people are wrapped in darkness.
- If teacher and student are present in face to face with difficulty and ignorant people is guided by other ignorant people, then the student is more ignorant from ignorance.
- Only a non-ignorant person can help to internal prosperity with brightness.
- So at first teacher should be a non-ignorant person.
Actually ‘Guru’ means not only a wise man with theoretical knowledge. Guru should have some good characteristics also. Because student’s dearest and nearest relative is his teacher, next mother, then father.2 A teacher shows us the way to salvation and parents give us only our body.
- Even the personal life of a teacher can influence students’ mind also and in this way, students become devoted to his teacher.
- So the teacher should be a virtuous person.
- At first, teaching should start with the mother language.
- At the first stage of the teaching period learning is started by only simple and easy mother language.
If a teacher teaches with mother language then the education will start with complete enjoyment and good feeling. The mother language is more comfortable at all. So if a good quality of the teacher is to teach with easy mother language. That’s why at first teacher would be able to feel the main essence and careful for using the word about his teaching matter.
Always a good teacher should be describing the source of words to avoid any complexity of understanding. It is the only way of a self-ostentatious display about skill. It is not only the right path for a students’ realization. There is an example that, when we get lost in a forest then we cannot find any way for getting out.
Same as if our mind gets lost in a net of word meanings then we will be bereaved main essence of the subject matter. So teachers have to pay attention to the use of words. Secondly, the important role of a teacher would be cataract like electricity. If teachers contact with student personally then he can make full transfer his educational power to the student.
- Thus a student can be appointed with the learning process.
- So teaching implies giving and taking process.
- The teacher gives and the student receives to open their mind.
- In the sense, the relationship of teacher and student is named by donor-recipient relationship.
- Relationship of teacher and student is most important for teaching also.
It would be a friendly relationship. In this type of relation, they realize love with an affection which removes all of the fear. As a result, they can face to face each other and the communication path may be easier. Only this type of relationship can develop a morally good person.
Vivekananda said that without the personal life of a teacher there is not possible any education. That’s why gurukul was the most favorite place for the education system to him.3 As a result transmission power of teacher and taking the power of student are dependent on both character quality of teacher and education system.
Swamiji told that man making, character building, creativeness, personality and virtue would be manifest by some external quality. Those should be the character of the teacher, student, and education system. Even the ability of transmission is a very important path also for learning.
His goal is the accomplishment of character building, man making, creativity, personality, and virtue to the student. This quality depends on the powers of transmission of teacher, acceptance, and capacity of the student. Thirdly, selflessness and dedication must be true suggestive. It is possible if any negotiated does not arrive between donor and recipient.4 This negotiation is avoided by love only.
True love is always unselfish. The teacher teaches to his student without expectation © 2019, IJASRW, All right reserved http://www.ijasrw.com 27 International Journal of Advance Study and Research Work (2581-5997)/ Volume 2/Issue 3/March 2019 and with unselfish love. Even student may be devoted to his teacher if the teacher has heartily loved to the student. Devotion means intense love. One single moment of the madness of extreme love to his teacher brings a student external freedom.
This type of love is a source of compassion. At the time of teaching, the period teacher can feel the thinking pattern of students and change his mind to students’ level for this compassion. As a result, he understands the essence of subject matter to students’ level and he teaches him from the lower level also and understanding process grows comfortably to the student.
In this way, both teacher and student would be contacted with each other and their donor-recipient relationship may be flawless. This type of relationship is a great relationship in the world. So maintenance of the relationship is the duty of a teacher.
Fourth characteristics of the teacher are selflessness love. Swamiji said that love has three angles. Selflessness is one of the angles, but it is a lower quality of love.5 So the teacher should teach through upper-quality love which is unselfishness. It is the duty of a teacher. In this way, a teacher would be the owner of two important characteristics, are unselfish and endurance.
Endurance is the fifth necessary character. A student can do any wrong work in the present of ignorance. All creatures are imperfect. The student is imperfect being also. The teacher should bring the right way to the student from the wrong work. Endurance is the ability to bear the sin of the student.
For this matter, the teacher should have presented the ability to tolerate. Another hand the sixth quality is pure consciousness of mind. The only teacher can transfer much new theoretical information. At the time of transformation, the teacher should watch that there are not generated excitement of any types of power and inherent intelligence from the student.
It is the main duty of the teacher for teaching period. When both teacher and student exists with pure consciousness then one conscious mind can understand another conscious mind. It is possible when there are exist the same consciousness. By proper understanding give and take policy is possible also.
- So the teacher should teach with full purity and confidence which is transmitted to the student by itself.
- Our mind is reformed also to an honest mind through the purity only.
- Because this type of mind is free from sin, guilt and holy etc and it can contact and understand different types of mind.
- Only this type of mind is filled with integrity and there exists much knowledge.
But the mind is not completely pureed in anyway. Vivekananda advised that pure mind is raised by righteous deeds and good ideas. Those are attained by controlling the power of the mind. The easier to control our mind when holiness power is constantly increased.
- Anybody can not realize a metaphysical truth and transmit it to another person with honesty and spirituality.
- It is an ability which is attained by the purity of heart and mind.
- So sacredness is one type of means for salvation and education.
- Only a virtuous person can achieve salvation.
- A virtuous character is made by righteous deeds.
An honest person would be a virtuous man. Virtue is a quality of morally good and is valued as a foundation of principle. Who is a good moral being is called virtuous man. This type of character is derived from the sinless character. Sinless means a divine character.
Only a divine character can bear the disciple’s burden to evil for release him from the guilt. So Guru would be a divine characteristic. A combination of respect, love, believes, obedience and devotion for teacher reveal the consciousness and his learning power of student. He is an ideal teacher who is acceptable with all respect to the student.
The personality of a teacher is the most important path for teaching also. It flows into our internal mind. The maximum way is different for our different personality. A good personality can influence to engage in a good subject to an individual with full enjoyment and attainment of one’s subject.
- Teaching is not imparting doctrines, it is communicating.
- When we are able to get some happiness from that subject matter then we are engaged to matter with concentration.
- This concentration depends on a good lecture.
- When a good lecture can make a tactual perception of a soul, then pupil is concentrated on his study with a delightful feeling.
So the power of speech is the most important character for good communication. A powerful lecture is not possible without a powerful personality. So another important task of the teacher is nice to talk. So we can say that righteous deeds are possible by a strong personality.
- The student would be influenced by connection with this type of personality.
- So we can say that our all work is a result of individualistic personality.
- A strong personality can influence other personality.
- So the words of a man who can put his personality into students, take effect, but he must have tremendous personality.
So the teacher would be a strong person. Students are influenced by the personality and want to manifest him also. Thus a person may be an obedient student to his teacher. When a teacher does not like any item of work and denies not working then the student may refrain from action even the strength of wrong work and thinking maybe disappeared.
By which teacher it is possible he is called an ideal teacher. A teacher can help as an external object. Internal progress of a student is not possible without self-realization. Again selfrealization is not possible without any external help. Only a teacher may help him to feel that a positive strength, knowledge, encouragement, etc are present in their own soul.
It is a process of self-realization. When a student feels it then his all © 2019, IJASRW, All right reserved http://www.ijasrw.com 28 International Journal of Advance Study and Research Work (2581-5997)/ Volume 2/Issue 3/March 2019 illumination is removed and awakens the internal strength. Fear is removed by the absent of ignorance also. Eliminating fear is an important part of learning.
- A distance is made from fear between student and teacher.
- As a result, the student cannot reveal himself in a simple and easy way.
- If a teacher conducts friendly with his student then the fear may be eliminated naturally.
- This type of manifestation becomes from upper-level love which is named ‘prem’.
- Love is a source of the inherent power of student.
Fear may be removed by love. There is the same abode of the absence of fear and love each other. A student can change his worthlessness, narrowness of mind for fearlessness mind. When these obstacles are removed then student wants to know the ultimate truth from illumination also.
- But the only the teacher cannot increase the ability of acceptance of the student, there are important is impatience.
- A violent craze for getting true knowledge is called impatience.
- These obstacles are removed with increasing the impatience.
- When illumination becomes less then Wisdom and internal salvation is continued in gradually.
As an external object, some good character is very important for the teacher also. It is developed by control of the mind. Again mind cannot be determined by a bad moral character. If we can control our mind then sense organ may be controlled also. So it is a process to control of sense organs from the external world.
- This process is activated by concentration.
- The power of concentration manifests as focused attention and as a one-pointed mind.
- Our mind is one.
- So our mind can concentrate on one object and contact with one sense organ at a time.
- When we can control our mind then all sense organs are controlled and according to our desires, they can contact with experience world.
Our minds are not under the control of, rather mind controls our soul. It is a fault of concentration. If there is any concentration problem arises when the mind just jumps restlessly from one thought to another, not allowing anybody to meditate properly.
- Normally we collect different types of matter.
- Sometimes bad or wrong theory may be placed also in our mind.
- Those theories can increase the instability of our mind.
- So concentration should be the most important ability of both teacher and student.
- Vivekananda said that cultivation of ability of concentration is an activity of learning.
So the ability may be a means for the manifestation of our strength. Education is the only way to achieve this power. The student is educated by a teacher. So the teacher would be entitled to the controlling power. Because who has a capability to control self-mind, he knows all types of mind.
- So it is possible for him to control of any types of mind.
- There are eight rules for the habituate in the process.
- They are Jama, Niyama, Asana, Pranayama, Pratyahara, Dharana, Dhyana, Samadhi, etc.
- Ahimsa, Satya, Asteya, Brahmacharya, Aparigraha are means for the process of Jama.
- This process is used to bring under control of the mind.
Swamiji ordered brahmacharya is an important mean to increase the mental power of a student. There are some rules. The mind cannot connect with the external world by observing the rules. Those rules are Saucha, Santosh, Tapo, Swadhaya, Iswarapranidhan. Asan is third.
It is one type of yoga. We get a healthy body by yoga. In yoga asana refers to one types of comfortable sitting that is seated posture used meditation. “Pranayama is control of Breath”. “Prana” is Breath or vital energy in the body. and “ayama” means control. So Pranayama is “Control of Breath”. It is actually an ancient Indian practice concerned with controlling our breath.
Pratyahara is a system of withdrawal of the Indriyas from the objects. Dharana is the sixth limb of yoga. It affectionately referred to as ‘concentration’ which is fixing our mind on one object. Next one is dhyan. Dharana and Dhyan are two sides of the same coin.
- Dhyana is taken up in Yoga exercises and leads to Samadhi and selfknowledge.
- Samadhi is a spiritual experience that opens us to the highest state of consciousness and inner bliss.
- It is stepping into our enlightened nature that is free from suffering.
- At first, the teacher would be familiarized with the rules himself and then teach to students for maintenance the process.
Some forms of expression are generated by the successful maintenance of rules. Those are four types of expression. In those expressions first is cool of mind which is produced by the constant eradication of desires, Dama or the control of the external organs, Uporati that is self-withdrawal.
It consists of the mind-function ceasing to act by means of external objects. Uparati is extreme abstention. It is the turning of the mind from the objects of enjoyment and last, is Titikha. It is the power of endurance. A Titikshu is able to bear pain, insult, heat, and cold. He does not care to redress them.
He is free from anxiety. He does not lament on this score. Conclusion Through this discussion about the role of teacher, we can decide that spiritual development is very important for a complete education. This type of development is completed by some process.
According to Swamiji, I have described those processes. Some characteristics of the teacher are a very important part of the maintenance of those processes. In this paper, I have tried to discuss the process and characteristics, according to Vivekananda. He said that whereas the teacher should be a speaker, dominated person, again whereas the teacher should play on the role of friend, philosopher, and guide.
Honesty and nonignorantly should be the most important characteristics of a teacher for the maintenance of the roles in the right way. At the end © 2019, IJASRW, All right reserved http://www.ijasrw.com 29 International Journal of Advance Study and Research Work (2581-5997)/ Volume 2/Issue 3/March 2019 of the article, we can say that which teacher is pure-minded and the student accepts the education with enjoyment and feels spiritual progress by connection to him is called Ideal teacher.
- There is complete manifestation with bodily and emotionally of a student by connection of the Ideal teacher.
- Through this process, the teacher can transmit some metaphysical energy to students’ mind.
- Thus some metaphical development of mind is started from the energy.
- This type of development is called ‘Agni-diksha’.
So Alexander said that ‘I am indebted to my father for living, but to my teacher for living well.’ 6 End Note, “Swami Vivekananda: Life and Teachings”. Belur Math. Retrieved 30 March 2016, Vivekananda Samogro, 4 th part, ed. Kanchan Basu, 305no. pg.,1997,
Asit Kumar Bandopadhyaya, Sankariprosad Basu, Viswavibek, 335no. pg. Vivekananda Samogro, 3 rd part, ed. Kanchan Basu, 244no. pg.,1997, Bani o Rachona, Swami Vivekananda, 10 th part, Publisher- Swami Biswanathananda, 27no.pg.,2015, Brainy quote.com Reference Book, “Swami Vivekananda: Life and Teachings”.
Belur Math. Retrieved 30 March 2016. Vedantasar, Loknath Chakraborty, Vivekananda Samogro, ed. Kanchan Basu, 3rd and 4th Part,1997, Bani o Rachona, Swami Vivekananda, Publisher- Swami Biswanathananda, 4 th,10 th Part.2015, Viswavivek, Sankariprasad Basu, Asitkumar Bandhopadhaya, ed.
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What is an ideal education system in view of Vivekananda?
Swamiji’s Vision on Education Swami Vivekananda’s Vision on Education: Everyone would agree that ‘proper’ education in a ‘good’ educational institution is very necessary to get into a ‘bright’ career. Usual advice given to the students is that they must study the ‘portions ‘ of the prescribed syllabus well and pass the examinations with ‘good’ marks.
- There is, however, a growing awareness that education, to be called ‘proper’, must include something more than mere study of some subjects, memorizing the ‘portions’ in the text books and somehow passing or scoring high marks in the examinations.
- Swami Vivekananda, the patriot-saint of India, laid a lot of importance on education.
Traveling throughout India and seeing the conditions of the poor and downtrodden, and travelling through Europe and America and seeing the difference in conditions, he shed tears. He inquired into what made the difference between India and Europe or America and found that it was education.
- Swami Vivekananda saw that the real cause of India’s backwardness was the neglect and exploitation of the masses.
- In order to improve their economic condition it was necessary to teach them better methods of agriculture, village industries and hygienic way of life.
- But owing to centuries of exploitation and social tyranny, the poor people, especially those who belonged to the depressed communities, had lost their sense of worth, hope and initiative.
He understood that ‘the only service to be done for our lower classes is to give them education, to develop their lost individualities’ The problems of life are many. Everyone would be forced to meet challenging situations, individual or collective, and therefore necessarily needed the strength and wisdom to face such situations and take tough, but appropriate decisions.
- To enable that, the people, therefore, needed a message of strength that would infuse faith in themselves.
- Swami Vivekananda found this message in Vedanta.
- He pointed that education must give spiritual awareness leading to greater strength and self-confidence.
- Swami Vivekananda firmly believed that education is something more than merely passing examinations and getting some employments.
An education which helps one only to earn one’s livelihood is not a great value. He said: ‘What is education? Is it book-learning? No. Is it diverse knowledge? Not even that. The training by which the current and expression of will are brought under control and become fruitful is called education’.
- He further said: ‘To me the very essence of education is concentration of mind, not the collecting facts.
- If I had to do my education over again, and had any voice in the matter, I would not study facts at all.
- I would develop the power of concentration and detachment, and then with a perfect instrument I could collect facts at will.’ So education, if it has to be complete and worthwhile, must train the students in values of cultural and spiritual dimensions.
It must train the mind and strengthened the willpower of the students. It must transmit the power and infuse inspiration from the lives of innumerable heroes, saints and sages to have ‘life-building, man-making, character-making assimilation of ideas’.
He wanted that education which enabled one to stand on his own legs. He said, ‘We want that education by which character is formed, strength of mind is increased, the intellect is expanded, and by which one can stand on one’s own feet.’ Thus Swamiji saw that in order to serve the masses and uplift the society, it was necessary to spread both secular and spiritual education.
By spiritual education, he meant expanding the consciousness of the soul, deepening the emotions of the heart that feels for others and unselfishly serves them, and harmonizing the energies and faculties within one’s personality to lead an integrated and meaningful life.
- He, however, was aware of the danger of the current system of education and pointed its weaknesses.
- He said: ‘The education that you are getting now has some good points, but it has a tremendous disadvantage which is so great that the good things are all weighed down.
- In the first place it is not a man-making education, it is merely and entirely a negative education.
A negative education or any training that is based on negation is worse than death. The child is taken to school, and the first thing he learns is that his father is a fool, the second thing that his grandfather is a lunatic, the third thing that all his teachers are hypocrites, the fourth that all the sacred books are lies!’ In the Indian system of education, certain moral and mental qualities were insisted upon as essential for studentship.
- Learning was a part of Indian culture.
- Learning was regarded as a process of discipline through which one served God and society.
- Nowledge was sacred and students were instructed to properly receive and apply it.
- Along with the qualities like desire to learn, regularity in studies, reflecting and understanding them, developing concentration and memory and developing judgement and discrimination, the students were expected to lead a disciplined life, show due respect to parents, teachers and other elders, and learn the art of living.
But Swami Vivekananda understood that such qualities of mind were possible only in a strong body, with ‘muscles of iron and nerves of steel’, as he put it. He wanted the students first to be physically strong and active. He said: ‘Be strong, my young friends, that is my advice to you.
- You will be nearer to heaven through football than through the study of the Gita.
- These are bold words, but I have to say them, for I love you.
- I know where the shoe pinches.
- I have gained a little experience.
- You will understand the Gita better with your biceps, your muscles, a little stronger.’ So he wanted education to promote strength and manliness – an education that equally developed the head, heart and hand of every student.
Educational institutions of the Ramakrishna Mission constantly strive to implement the educational vision of Swami Vivekananda. Therefore the educational training programmes are, as far as possible, structured to equip the students, not only academically, but also in having the awareness of our great cultural heritage and the necessity of leading a disciplined and value-oriented life.
- It strives to bring out an all-round development of the students by giving due importance to sports, yoga, personality development camps and service activities, apart from the regular studies.
- The Sri Ramakrishna Mission Vidyalaya Polytechnic College too attempts, in its own humble way, to impart man-making and character building education and to inculcate in them self-reliance, self-control, selflessness with a holistic and well-integrated educational course programmes.
It strives to train the ‘head’ through technical academic sessions, the ‘heart’ through prayers, education on values and service activities, and the ‘hand’ through physical education and community service. It is gratifying to realize that many enlightened citizens in general, and parents in particular, are realizing the lop-sidedness of current educational system and the importance of discipline, value-oriented life and all-round development.
It is their support and encouragement that sustains the programmes and activities of this college. To be sure, there would be greater understanding and response by many more enlightened people, in days to come, who would be enthusiastically joining in the efforts of this college, in serving the society in a better and appropriate way as visualised by Swami Vivekananda.
: Swamiji’s Vision on Education
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What is concept of Swami Vivekananda?
Yoga and Samkhya – Vivekananda’s emphasis on nirvikalpa samadhi was preceded by medieval yogic influences on Advaita Vedanta. In line with Advaita Vedanta texts like Dŗg-Dŗśya-Viveka (14th century) and Vedantasara (of Sadananda) (15th century), Vivekananda saw samadhi as a means to attain liberation.
- Vivekananda popularized the notion of involution, a term which Vivekananda probably took from western Theosophists, notably Helena Blavatsky, in addition to Darwin’s notion of evolution, and possibly referring to the Samkhya term sātkarya,
- Theosophic ideas on involution has “much in common” with “theories of the descent of God in Gnosticism, Kabbalah, and other esoteric schools.” According to Meera Nanda, “Vivekananda uses the word involution exactly how it appears in Theosophy: the descent, or the involvement, of divine consciousness into matter.” With spirit, Vivekananda refers to prana or purusha, derived (“with some original twists”) from Samkhya and classical yoga as presented by Patanjali in the Yoga sutras,
Vivekananda linked morality with control of the mind, seeing truth, purity and unselfishness as traits which strengthened it. He advised his followers to be holy, unselfish and to have shraddhā (faith). Vivekananda supported brahmacharya, believing it the source of his physical and mental stamina and eloquence.
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What according to Swami Vivekananda is the greatest help?
Remembering Swami Vivekananda An important lesson on how to banish misery This year, we celebrate the 150 th birth anniversary (12 th January) of one of the greatest Indians of all time—Swami Vivekananda. There is so much one can learn from the life of Swamiji.
- If one has to understand the full implications of his teachings, it is imperative to read the Complete Works of Swami Vivekananda that run into several volumes—a huge task.
- This article is an attempt to pay a tribute to Swamiji, by delineating some of the subjects close to his heart.
- One subject that holds great relevance even today is: Why does man feel miserable? In chapter III Part I of the Complete Works, under the heading “The Secret of Work”, Swamiji states, “Helping others physically, by removing their physical needs, is indeed great, but the help is great according as the need is greater and according as the help is far reaching.
If a man’s wants can be removed for an hour, it is helping him indeed; if his wants can be removed for a year, it will be more help to him; but if his wants can be removed for ever, it is surely the greatest help that can be given (to) him.” However, the million-rupee question that needs to be answered is: How can man be free from misery? Swamiji says that spiritual knowledge is the only thing that can destroy our miseries forever.
In the words of Swamiji, “He who gives man spiritual knowledge is the greatest benefactor of mankind and as such we always find that those were the most powerful of men who helped man in his spiritual needs, because spirituality is the true basis of all our activities in life.” Swamiji says that until there is spiritual strength, even physical needs cannot be satisfied and, therefore, mankind must develop spiritual strength.
Second to spiritual help is intellectual help. It is said that the gift of knowledge is a far superior gift than that of food and clothes. Swamiji said that it is, “higher than giving life to a man, because the real life of man consists of knowledge. Ignorance is death, knowledge is life.” Swamiji beautifully highlights the worthlessness of life devoid of knowledge and states, “Life is of very little value, if it is a life in the dark, groping through ignorance and misery.” The next level of service, after knowledge, is physical.
- Swamiji said, “In considering the question of helping others, we must always strive not to commit the mistake of thinking that physical help is the only help that can be given.
- It is not only the last but the least, because it cannot bring about permanent satisfaction.” Swamiji rightly observes that misery is felt when one’s hunger is satisfied by eating, but only to find that hunger returns.
Hence, misery can cease only when a man is satisfied beyond all wants. When a person reaches such a state, then hunger will not make him miserable nor will distress or sorrow. He very clearly elucidates that the miseries of the world cannot be cured by physical help only.
He reiterates that until man’s nature changes, his physical needs will keep arising and, consequently, miseries will continue to be felt. Any amount of physical help will not cure all miseries completely. In the words of Swamiji, “The only solution of this problem is to make mankind pure. Ignorance is the mother of all the evil and all the misery we see.
Let men have light, let them be pure and spiritually strong and educated, then alone will misery cease in the world, not before.” To cease the miseries in the financial world, it is important for the investors to educate themselves and to understand the underlying issues.
Any ignorance, on their part, could only bring them losses and, thereby, result in misery. To achieve this, investors have to develop a mindset and character that would enable them to understand the intricacies and the risks involved in every financial decision. Investors should become enlightened and not allow their greed to rule their mind; else the result will be misery.
(Dr SD Israni, advocate & partner, SD Israni Law Chambers, is one of India’s leading authority on corporate, commercial and securities laws. He was a member of the Naresh Chandra Committee for simplification of Company Law relating to private and small companies.
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What is the ultimate goal of Swami Vivekananda?
Swami Vivekanand Death Anniversary 2019: Vivekanand’s voice has been silent for a long time now but his teachings still reverberate and inspires many around the world. – Swami Vivekananda addressed the audience at Parliament of World Religions on September 11, 1893.(Wikimedia Commons) Hindustan Times, Delhi | Shreya Kumar Swami Vivekananda, the man who startled everyone when he opened his speech with, “My brothers and sisters of America” at the World Parliament of Religion in Chicago in 1893, was an intellect and a spiritual leader.
- His great orating skills and grandeur knowledge put the Indian religion on the world map along with other religions.
- Vivekananda was a man with deep footing in both science and religion.
- Science gave him answers to the ‘how things work?’ and spirituality taught him about all the ‘why’s’ of the world.
- His teachings showcased how science and religion can co-exist in harmony without coming in each other’s way.
Vivekanand’s voice has been silent for a long time now but, his teachings still reverberate. After, the demise of Vivekanand’s guru, the devoted student gave up all the worldly happiness and became a renowned monk. He travelled on foot the breadth of the country and gained knowledge of the diverse culture and religion.
- The Ramakrishna mission founded by Vivekananda focused on serving the distressed population of India.
- His spiritual teachings stressed upon the freedom of the soul as the epitome of religion.
- Messages of world peace and brotherhood were prominent in his teachings.
- It is now more than ever that we need his teachings to get through this catastrophic time.
On his death anniversary, here are some of his memorable quotes to understand life better and how to make the most of it. “You have to grow from the inside out. None can teach you, none can make you spiritual. There is no other teacher but your own soul.” “In a conflict between the heart and the brain, follow your heart.” “In a day, when you don’t come across any problems – you can be sure that you are travelling in a wrong path.” “The great secret of true success, of true happiness, is this: the man or woman who asks for no return, the perfectly unselfish person, is the most successful.” “The greatest religion is to be true to your own nature. Have faith in yourselves.” “Anything that makes weak – physically, intellectually and spiritually, reject it as poison.” “Arise, awake, stop not till the goal is reached.” ” Neither seek nor avoid, take what comes.” “The fire that warms us can also consume us; it is not the fault of the fire.” “Take up one idea. Make that one idea your life; dream of it; think of it; live on that idea. Let the brain, the body, muscles, nerves, every part of your body be full of that idea, and just leave every other idea alone. This is the way to success, and this is the way great spiritual giants are produced.” Follow more stories on Facebook and Twitter Subscribe to our best newsletters
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What was the advice given by Swami Vivekananda?
Swami Vivekananda advised his disciples to conquer their misery and be calm. He told to stand up, be bold and strong and to be a weakling. He wanted them to take all their responsibilities on their shoulders. Was this answer helpful?
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What is the best education model?
Top-notch results in Mathematics, Science and Reading – The students who are educated according to the Finnish educational model principles obtain extraordinary results in all three areas, especially when it comes to the first testings, and they represent the most successful country. The World Economic Forum’s Global Competitiveness study ranks the Finnish model as the most developed one in the world. This model contains an ideal work-life balance that fits perfectly into the American and European lifestyle, which is the reason why countries that apply this model obtain the highest results when it comes to education.
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What are ideals in education?
IDEALS is an acronym for Inquiry, Discourse, Equity, Authenticity, Leadership, and Service.
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What is the base of Vivekananda philosophy?
Core Values Of Swami Vivekanand’s Philosophy – Ethics
Morality in both individual life and social life is mostly based on fear of societal censure. But Vivekananda gave a new theory of ethics and new principle of morality based on the intrinsic purity and oneness of the Atman. Ethics according to Vivekananda was nothing but a code of conduct that helps a man to be a good citizen. We should be pure because purity is our real nature, our true divine Self or Atman. Similarly, we should love and serve our neighbours because we are all one in the Supreme Spirit known as Paramatma or Brahman.
One of the most significant contributions of Swami Vivekananda to the modern world is his interpretation of religion as a universal experience of transcendent Reality, common to all humanity. This universal conception frees religion from the hold of superstitions, dogmatism, priest craft and intolerance. He believed that every religion offered a pathway to the eternal supreme – supreme freedom, supreme knowledge, supreme happiness. This can be accomplished by realising one’s ATMA as part of PARAMATMA.
Swami Vivekananda laid the greatest emphasis on education for the regeneration of our motherland. According to him, a nation is advanced in proportion as education is spread among the masses. He said that our process of education should be such that it helps the students to manifest their innate knowledge and power. He advocated a man-making character-building education. He said that education must make the students self-reliant and help them face the challenges of life. He was highly critical of the so-called educated who do not care for the poor and downtrodden.
He was in complete agreement with the methods and results of modern science. He did not discard reason in favor of faith. He recognized intuition or inspiration as a higher faculty than reason. But the truth derived from intuition had to be explained and systematized by reason.
Though growth of Nationalism is attributed to the Western influence but Swami Vivekananda’s nationalism is deeply rooted in Indian spirituality and morality. His nationalism is based on Humanism and Universalism, the two cardinal features of Indian spiritual culture. Unlike western nationalism which is secular in nature, Swami Vivekananda’s nationalism is based on religion which is life blood of the Indian people. The basis of his nationalism are:
Deep concern for masses, freedom and equality through which one expresses self, spiritual integration of the world on the basis of universal brotherhood. “Karmyoga” a system of ethics to attain freedom both political and spiritual through selfless service.
His writings and speeches established motherland as the only deity to be worshiped in the mind and heart of countrymen.
Swamiji believed that if our youth is determined, there can be nothing impossible for them to achieve in the world. He urged youth to have dedication to the cause to attain success. Pursuing a challenge with utmost dedication is really the road to success, for our youth. Hence Swamiji called upon the youth to not only build up their mental energies, but their physical ones as well. He wanted ‘muscles of iron’ as well as ‘nerves of steel’. His birthday on January 12 is celebrated as National Youth Day and the week commencing from that day is known as the National Youth Week. As part of National Youth Week celebrations, the Government of India holds the National Youth Festival every year. The youth festival aims to propagate the concept of national integration, spirit of communal harmony, brotherhood, courage and adventure amongst the youth by exhibiting their cultural prowess in a common platform.
Swami Vivekananda belonged to the 19th century, yet his message and his life are more relevant today than in the past and perhaps, will be more relevant in future. Persons like Swami Vivekananda do not cease to exist with their physical death – their influence and their thought, the work which they initiate, go on gaining momentum as years pass by, and ultimately, reach a fulfilment which they envisaged.
What Bhagavad Gita says about education?
Bhagavad Gita verses — Education Bhagavad Gita verses on education
- Bhagavad Gita verses on education describe Raja Janak — Just as King Janak lived in the ascetic life ( grahast asharam) and did all the work with platonic feelings (niskam bhav) and attained prime fulfillment (param siddhi).
- In the same way, Lord Krishana says that we can get knowledge even while doing our daily work.
- In primitive times people believed in fundamental principles of life and valued only that, so attaining this knowledge is called ultimate accomplishment (param siddhi).
- But today’s life is quite different from that life which only teaches us to earn money. So our fundamental things to grow personality do not stand anywhere today,
- Our real progress of personality with the inner mind can through this primitive Bhagavad Gita education on Vedic knowledge.
This knowledge does squeeze our entire internal mind to the outer mind. So we can attain prime fulfillment by doing all our daily works. In this same way We can go close to God with all our purpose. For this, there has given a lot of focus on Karma yoga.
- By this in the old days, many of the great personalities attain the god.
- In this way, we here discuss all steps to get Bhagavad Gita Vedic education to perform better in the field of refining you.1.
- It is not necessary to renounce karma to gain knowledge of education from Bhagavad Gita (ch 4/34), We can get off the knowledge while we live within this world.
No need to renounce Karma that shows the direct path of our goal to walk smoothly on that by the education of Bhagavad Gita,
- 2. Tatva Gyan is the education of Bhagavad Gita
- Tattva Gyan is the devoted process of the oneness of the soul of God and the soul of the creature is the vital education of Bhagavad Gita.
- Tatva Gyan makes realizes the essence of the universe, why has been created the universe, what is the goal of our existence in the world, and introduces us to the truth of the soul.
Tattva Gyan divided into five parts to conveniently gain knowledge about Tatva Gyan. The five parts are God, Nature, Creature, Time, and work (karma).3. Achieve welfare by following his duty. Chapter 4 verse 15 says that one should achieve welfare by following his duty.
Arjun did not want to fight then Lord Krishana direct to Arjun that all great men have achieved welfare by doing their duty, so you should also follow your duties for battle. As Arjun, we also must be followed every duty of our own responsibilities either it is home or office. These responsibilities can come any time automatically then we should do that responsibility like our duty according to the education of Bhagavad Gita.4.
Education of Bhagavad Gita — Karma yog If you have profound devotion to God or you want to go close to God then you can do it by only Karma Yog. And if you want to achieve God by Karma Yog then never think of to save nature-given objects like body or body-related services, for yours and for yourselves.
It is a good education of Bhagavad Gita. Reason — Because these things are not only for ourselves, we should return them from where we got those things. So all of the things should return to the world in the form of service to help needy people. These things only of the world and only for the world. By the separation of yourselves from the world, we can easily acknowledge God.
That’s why the way of Karma Yog has been considered as very easy supreme and independent means. Meaning of Karma Yog Exist in Yog while doing Karma and doing Karma while existing in Yog. The process of karma is for the world and Yog for us.
- 5. The education of Bhagavad Gita — Attachment (Asakti)
- If we attach deeply from somebody or something that it is hard to live without this, is called attachment.
- So the education of attachment in Bhagavad Gita verses on education is also the best for the knowledge of Vedic education.
- According to Bhagavad Gita’s education, we should do all karma without attachment because people get bind with fruits of work if they all do their work without attachment to that work then the people’s path goes easy to close to God.
- 6. Do work without the fruit of Karma is the Bhagavad Gita education
- According to the education of Bhagavad Gita, Lord Krishana says in the verse of 14/4, the fruit of Karma is not my aspiration so I don’t bind with my Karmas.
If any person acts by this process of Karma they also won’t be bind with the fruit of karma. Because the people bound only by the aspiration of the fruit of Karma. If human beings do own work to earn money, respect, appreciation and for haven then he bound with karmas.
But if the aim of people is not this world but he is doing work without selfishness to give service to others to detach from this world then he cannot bound with the karma ever. The main reason to not bound with karma — doing karma for others keeps on transpiring towards the world, by which the relation of karma gets abolish.
Being fruitless new relations does not produce.7. The way to get Bhagavad Gita Vedic education To get Bhagavad Gita education, first, you should greet him. You should stay ownself like most inferior to your guru or teacher. We shouldn’t deal with our own teacher with dishonorable and disgraceful.
Stay with simplicity, respectful manner, and have the curiosity to get knowledge. Give your best service to your teacher of yourself. Dedicate every time to yours to the teacher. Be dominant under your teacher. Do your own hard work, your body, and things of yours dedicate to the service of your teacher or guru.
Your every service and hard work offer to your teacher. Try to follow every work of him to the happiness of your teacher. Do your every work according to your teacher. What he is indicating to do, try to understand this and follow this. Do follow the principles of your teacher strictly this is the sign of true disciple.
- Medium education gainers can get knowledge by listening, thinking, and practice of Tatva Gyan.
- And the lower education gainer always keeps on busy in confusion.
- If the guru is a metaphysician and not knowledgeable, then he cannot solve the kind of confusion of his own disciple.
- If Guru is a scholar of scriptures but not be elemental (tatva darshi), then their lecture will not be effective, and the listener will not get knowledge by that Bhagavad Gita.
He can give lectures to listen to communications, can instruct to read books, but cannot get realized to his disciple. So the teacher or guru has to know for both metaphysician and intelligence.
- 9. Why we should greet teacher or Guru according to the education of Bhagavad Gita
- The greet of our own teacher is important, we all know that but why?
- the answer is we become polite for others means the behavior of polite or every good behavior makes us civilized men and the other thing is — when disciple lives with politeness and simplicity, then a feeling arises in the conscience of the great men this feeling is very beneficial for the disciple.
- If disciples would not be live with their teacher, even after getting knowledge, he will not be able to take the education of Bhagavad Gita,
- 10. The true realization of Bhagavad Gita on education
According to the education of Bhagavad Gita (ch 4/35), we can’t realize true cognition only by listening to the lectures. And nobody can describe the true meaning of real cognition, because true cognition is beyond the senses, voice.
- So the true knowledge realizes only by own selves to us and it happens only when people give value to own prudence.
- 11. The level of devotion to get education from Bhagavad Gita
- According to Bhagavad Gita (ch 4/39), the respectful belief in God, scriptures, and great personalities is known as ‘Devotion’.
God exists in our inner self mind is the devotion, we don’t feel the existence of God until we believe in. we should believe in God more than the real realization of God. If anyone believes that God exists in our internal mind with strong faith, this devotion makes us able to attain God.
This devotion dedicates to get devotion. If we maintain our own faith, then we definitely get knowledge of God. Conclusion The pattern of a compilation of these Bhagavad Gita verses on education makes us better for getting the fundamental base for our life. Every education from the Bhagavad Gita is beneficial for our life.
Because these educations are not taught in any school, this knowledge can get only form the great book, Bhagavad Gita. Bhagavad Gita teaches us the great knowledge to live a life of this educations. It is not limited, many of the knowledge in Gita is compiled for a human to live to overcome their own problems through this education.
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What Abdul Kalam says about education?
Dr. Abdul Kalam believes that primary focus of the students should be to excel in their studies. This is their first contribution to the development of the nation. The education system should instill in the minds of students capacities of inquiry, creativity, technology, entrepreneurial and moral leadership.
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What are some famous quotes about education?
26 Inspirational Quotes About Education for Students of Any Age As summer comes to a close and back-to-school season revs up, we anticipate the smell of fresh pencils, pens, and books. But the flurry of activity leading up to the first day of class is about much more than any,
- Whether you’re starting the first year of junior high, picking up final credits for a college degree, or sending off your little one to their first classroom, we can all agree that the opportunity to learn and grow through education is an incredible season of life.
- And hopefully, with the right amount of curiosity and drive, a season that lasts a lifetime.
In these inspiring quotes about education, you’ll find wisdom passed down from famous intellectuals and culture makers throughout history about the benefits of learning in all its forms. Bookmark these sayings for when you need something to to hit the books, or pick one for a,
- Do you have a favorite educator? One of the you can give is letting them know how much they’ve inspired your journey, so share one of these quotes with them in a thank-you note or message.
- If you don’t find the perfect words here, we’ve got a great list of too.
- Advertisement – Continue Reading Below 1 Oliver Wendell Holmes Jr.
“A man’s mind, stretched by new ideas, may never return to its original dimensions.” “Anyone who has never made a mistake has never tried anything new.” “Education is the passport to the future, for tomorrow belongs to those who prepare for it today.” “If you think education is expensive, try ignorance.” “It is impossible for a man to learn what he thinks he already knows.” “Any book that helps a child to form a habit of reading, to make reading one of his deep and continuing needs, is good for him.” “The direction in which education starts a man will determine his future life.” “The only person who is educated is the one who has learned how to learn and change.” “The cure for boredom is curiosity.
There is no cure for curiosity.” “If a man empties his purse into his head, no man can take it away from him. An investment in knowledge always pays the best interest.” “Apply yourself. Get all the education you can, but then, by God, do something. Don’t just stand there, make it happen.” “I did then what I knew how to do.
Now that I know better, I do better.” “Everyone you will ever meet knows something you don’t.” “Teachers open the door, but you must enter by yourself.” “Live as if you were to die tomorrow. Learn as if you were to live forever.” “What we learn with pleasure we never forget.” “Children must be taught how to think, not what to think.” “The highest result of education is tolerance.” “Educating the mind without educating the heart is no education at all.” “Education is the most powerful weapon which you can use to change the world.” “To teach is to learn twice.” “Education is simply the soul of a society as it passes from one generation to another.” “Education is supposed to juice your curiosity, not diminish or sate it.” “They cannot stop me.
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